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^ J 



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T 



A tONOENSED 

UNIVERSAL HAND GAZETTEER. 



INTERNATIONAL ROUTE BOOK 



BY OCEAN, ROAD, OR RAIL; 

a mmplete Book of Reference and Guide for the Travellfr to atr 
knowtt Port and chief City in the whole World, 



% TMt* lUn-ui all lit Biiliik LKtlandOcan Slrom Ki-uUt. DaU, f/ S«il 

WITH THREE MAPS. 



EDITED BV 

J. MAURICE_DEMPSEY & WILLIAM JiUGHES, F.R.G.S., 
AutkoTBf "A Mjn<ial of Ciogmfhy." Src, 



"'■ LONDON; 
DWARD STANFORD, 6 & 7, CHARING CROSS 

PuNiiitd Annaalfy. All Ri^li Kftfrvei. 




/I 



bUR OCEAN HIGHWAYS: 

A CONDENSED 

UNIVERSAL HAND GAZETTEER 



AMD 



INTERNATIONAL ROUTE BOOK. 

i 

BY OCEAN, ROAD, OR RAIL: 

^iing a complete Book of Reference and Guide for the Trcn^elier to every 
known Port oftd chief City in the whole Worlds 

■D COHTAINIIIG EVEKV INFORMATION RKSrP.CTINO COMMl'NICATION BY SKA Olt LAND, TBLBGRAMI 
SATVS, POSTAL AKRANCBMKNTS SITUATION, CLIMATE, I^PI'LATIOW, l^OVBRNMBNT, 
PRODl'CTS, CONSL'L, n\NKS. l.l.OVl/s AGENT, AND OTHBB KKSIORNT 
OPPICIAI3, HOTRLS, MOSBTARV EXCHANCB, WRIGHTS AND 
1 MBASCRE^ : ALSO ALL KNGLISH I'ARLIAMENTARY 

' TOWN^, KOROt'CIIS. AND COl'NTIBS, 

I «'1TH MRMUKRS, ETC., ETC.; 

j Titk TmUn thaftving all tk^ British I.txal and Octan Steam Routt*. Dates cf Sailing, Farts, eh., 

WITH THREE MAPS. 



EDITED rv 

J. MAURICE DEMPSEY& WILLIAM HUGHES, F.R.G.S., 

Author of "A Manual of G€.\t^raphy," b'c. 



*" LONDON : 
►WARD STANFORD, 6 A: 7, CHARING CROSS. 

1871. 

Publuhed Annually, All Ri^^hts Rfsentd. 






INTED BY T. PETTITT & Co. 
13, FRITH STREET, SOHO SQUARE, W. 



BHUNl). JUN 12 lull 




BRIDA L AND OTHER PRESEN TA J IONS. 

T. A. SIMPSON, 

(Late T. A. SIMPSON &• Co.), 

[nvita <^pccial altention lo his choice and elegant Stock, campriiing 

JEWELLERY 



GOLD and SILVER WATCHES and CLOCKS, 
In Gilt, Ormolu, Bronze, and Marble, 

SHilabU for Iht Dr,iiains Room, Dinmg Room, Library, amf Ht Bondmr. 
ThcK Clocki u« of the newest and best designs, combining cheapness with 
eiiccllcnce of qualitj, and guuanteed. 
Eleculli Maiuucil Wciliii( Dciki. EnvEkrpc Cu». Blolliu Booki, Inkitudi, Bmk- ' 
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GeU Fiitiniv Detpuch Boia uid Tiavellinf Wniini Cuti in Ruui* uid Moiocco 

idudllegint NOVELTIES SUITABLE FOR PRESENTATION. 



i DIt Sinker. 






T. A. SIMPSO/f, Eagnrer Md Htraldle Dttlgnar, Statlentr A 

T. A. SIMPSON, 

GOU)SMITH, lEWEI-LER, WATCH AND CTXKK MANUFACTURER, 
AND KOHEIGN IMi-ORTER, 

154, REGENT STREET 

(CfTiur tf BEAK STREET), 
LONDON, W. 



MR. STREETER 



> HANCOCK ft Company Limited), 



MACHINE-MADE. 

From 30 to JO per cent, less than hand-made, and more perfect. 

31, Conduit St (s doors from Bond St.), London 



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Snglish IlacMne-Madd Watches. 






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Englhh 



Lever VTAlch, fbiu-holc jcwElleil 

,. bal quality 

}-PUw Wueha, £1 cms. 

GOLD WATCHES [Ludir^J. 

Enslisli Ltvei 

higher qualLtj', 



Engliih^l-I^Waich V but quiKi^ . . 

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GOLD WATCHES IGtnllt 

iflbh Lenr Waich. Jewelled, cap) 



Englidi Lever WaKh, jcwdled in ■ 

Dglea, gold Inlancc -.....,.. 

>PlaleW.tel.»,i3 3fcejiti 

KEYLESS WATCHES. 

Keyleu Engliih I-Plate Lever, cud 

peniated balance, and a-u. gol 

diuilli^ aie (GcntlEDim'il ... . 

Keyleu M inula Re|>aa 

adjuated Tor poaitbr 






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Beriews of the 18-Carat Gold Jewellery made by Uachinery. 

•• The mi of Marhinery in Iht manufacture of Cold OrKamenlt is of great adv 
tegt la Ihi fxHic" -ImRi, Ocltiber 19th. 1S61. 

" By lie inlrodaetitn of Maekintry 50 /ff cent, ii saved in ike tBaniifactart ef C 
yetiiel/ery."—SJ\>iDAua, September, 1867. 

" Artitlei of zB-Catal Gold are manufaclttrtd iy Machinery, and the result 
tivingo/s" per cent." — Fl'n, December a9lh, 1B67. 

" Afr. Stralir marks vpon hii goods lie ijualily of gold sapplied iy him fu/hic 
a Imt guarantee./'— TiUiA, September iTlh, 1867, 



PREFACE. 



Oar Oeeatt V 

iduction — ■ 
le — of the ■ 



S public Tavoui accorded to the first issue of " Our C 
Highwayt" for the year 1870, justifies the produc 
Men enlarged, and, it is believed, much improved, scale — of the 
IKMnt volume, for 1871-1. 

The utility of this book is manifold. The traveller has but to 

n to the port, city, or pleasure-resort he wishes to reach, in 
r to find under its head a route to take him thither. The 
:hant and shipper wiil have before him the ports all over the 
globe, whence and whereto merchandise is shipi)ed by tlie different 
Ocean Steamship Companies, of whose opciatioiia the elaborate 
Tables at the commencement of the volume give an exhaustive 
^px>psis ; showing in each case, the port of departure, the inter- 
mediate port, and cormecting ocean Steam line ; with full paiticuUus 
of through fares, departures homeward, and Companies' Agents 
It the port of destination. To the general public it gives geogra- 
^lical, maritime, consular, and parliamentary infonnatioo, besides 
being a condensed handbook for travel at home and abroad. 

Under the head of the capital of each country, state, or colony 
will be found the necessary postal and monetary information ; in 
every foreign port or city where Great Britain is represented, the 
Consul is given ; in English places, under the head of the boroughs 
and county totvns where the elections take place, the Members of 
Parliament, their political party. and residences in London; ^din 
every place both at home and abroad, the cost of telegraphic com- 
munication from the Metropolis. 

The omission in English places of the T. M. (Tel^raphic 



( 




Message) shows that the cost from and to Loadoa for a telegraphi 
message is is. only. For messages from the Provinces for abroad 
IS. must be added. 

The Editors herewith beg to tender their best thanks to all whi 
have given their assistance and infonnation ; foremost, to the Secre 
taries of the great Ocean Steamship Companies (see pages cc ti 
cciii), who have verified the operations of their respective stean 
fleets, as set forth in the extensive Tables at the commencemen 
of the volume. Thanks are equally due to the Consuls representing 
Foreign States in the Metropolis; to the Otficers of the Crowi 
and Fore^jn Office ; to the Under-Sheriffs of Counties ; and ti 
the Secretaries of Railway and Telegraphic Companies, for th 
ready courtesy with which essential particulars were given. 

In the arrai^ement of the topographical matter, it has beei 
sought, under each Article, to condense into as few lines a 
pos^ble the leading features and characteristics of the place r 
ferred to. Elaborate description has not been attempted, not 
in such a work as the present, would it have been desirable 
Exactitude and precision have been the objects chiefly aimed al 
In addition to tlie valuable aid derived from the well-knowi 
Gazetteers and Geographical Dictionaries of Dr. Blackie, A. K 
Johnstone, McCulloch, and others, the Editors have had at thei 
disposal a large amount of information derived from privat 
sources ; together with the valuable and constantly accumulatinj 
material supplied by the journals of the Royal Geographic! 
Society of London, and authorities of like description, both nativ 
and foreign. For the statistics of population, in the case c 
foreign countries, considerable aid has been drawn from the " Gee 
graphisches Jahrbuch," of E. Behm (Gotha, 1869 and 1S70.) 

For trade statistics the " Commercial Reports received at th 
Foreign Office from Her Majesty's Consuls" have been foum 
valuable sources, supplemented by " The Returns relating t 
Shipping " by the Registrar General of Shippii^ and Seamci 



■TTic Merchant's Handbook," by W. A, Browne, LL.D. (E. 
StutTord, Charing-cross), &c. \Vhere personal knowledge has 
bllen short, in the extension of Indian lailwaj^, &c., " The 
Indian Traveller's Guide" (Bombay; and Street's, Comhill) has 
poved eminently useful ; for American routes, " Appleton's 
Handbook" (New York ; and Triibner's, Paternoster-row), To 
tbe authors and proprietors of each and all of the abore-named 
]nUicalions the Editors express their grateful acknowledgments, 
sui hope that by the valuable assistance acknowledged above, 
the kind co-operation of many travelled friends, the work may 
be allogcthcr unworthy (as a general Guide and Handbook of 
:can Communication) of the greatest maritime nation in the 
0rI<L 
Memoranda of omissions, errors, noteworthy facts for future 
[fidons, and the personal observations or information gleaned by 
: travellers, will receive careful attention, and should be 
addressed to the Editors. 

For latest information, sa Addenda. 



I 



ABBREVIATIONS. 



Alt Alleraate. 

A.i( (Ante7neriditm})KiixeTiaaa. 

Ait Airival. 

Bor. Borough. 

(C.) Conservative. 

Cant Canton. 

Cap. CapitaJ) 

Co.— Cos. ■ County. — Counties. 

Confed Confederation. 

Dep Department.— (For Traitis) departure. 

E.— E.C. East.— East Central. 

E.I East Indies. 

Rmp. Ejopire. 

Fah. .. Fahrenheit, 

Fl.— Fin Florin. 

Fr, c Franc— Centime. 

Ft Foot.— Feet. 

G. Gulf. 

Gt Great. 

I Island. — Isle. 

Kii^ Kingdom. 

Kr. Kreutzer. 

<L.) Liberal. 

L. ■... Left. 

Lftt Latitude. 

Lon Longitude (from meridian of Green 

Lon. cor London correspondent. 

M. — Sq. Di Mile. — Square mile. 

Hang. Manager. 

M.P Member of Parliament. 

N.— N.E North.— North East. 

Pari Parliamentary. 

Peninl. Peninsula. 

P.M (Post maiJIfm J alter tKxia. 

Pop Population. 

ProT. Province. 

R. Right. 

R. orRy. Railway, 

Rep Repablic. 

Rbls. c Roubles.— Copecks. 

S.S.Co. Steam Ship Company. 

St Saint. 

S.— S.E South.— South East. 

T.M Telegraphic Mcssnire. 

U.S United Slates. 

W.— W.C West— West Central. 

W.I West Indie*. 



I • 

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ALMANACK 


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NOVEMBER. i87l. H, w. lon. n- 


DECEMBER. 1871. H. w. u 


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[R. AouJemy Eihbn. op. 
Sunii»esih. 5101. 








ij/ nfltr Trinity 




M.sa 




F 


10.5611.31 




M 










S 








T 


Sun rise, 3h. 49m. 








8 


RtgalioH SiinJaf 


n-tiii.il 


5 










6 


M 


Smi»<:ii7h.39m. 


■-13 '-34 


b 


T 


• 




a.36 


a 


T 


&STE» TIBH ENDS 


1.54I »." 


\ 


K 




3.'9 


3- ' 
3-37 




T 
F 

s 


A»«n. Day. Holy Th. 
[Half Quaner Day 


3. sl 3>" 
3.39 3-55 
4.11' 4.18 


i 


~B 
M 

T 


and a/ltr Trimilr 
i^{. Ra mains 


3- 55 
4-30 


4.48 

5' 3.1 


ii 


8 
M 


Suaday aftir Auntiiei 


^46 X. S 
S-a3l J.44 


•3 


T 


Thimty Tkr» Esns 


\% 


6. 6 

6.5a 




T 




6. ^1 6.a9 










7 47 




W 


) 


7:yU:^ 


IS 




Sun sets ah. 16m. 




8,50 


.1 


T 


SunruH^h. lom. 


16 


B 


■yd .tfttr Trimly 




9.55 




K 


OifonllLulErTcrmnids 


9-I0I 9.4& 




M 




'"■Si 


>< 


a 


Orfd. Trinity Temi begs 
WhiiMon. Hd.S(.Of& 


10, a» 10.53 
11.33 11.49 


19 


T Cambridge Com. B. ofii.it 
W (Waterloo, 181s - 


IT. 50 


M 


- 1'».'3 




T 


Accessiion Ou. Vicloni 12.4* 
Prodain. Q, Wctoiii. ^V 






T 


WhiiT. II0I.SIP.O&. 


.2.34 .'.56 




F 


>.S6 




W 


T«tNm(TE»K BtOS.Q 


1. 17 


1.37 


aa 


S 


[Ijingesld. famb.Tm.e. =.Ji 


3.45 


»3 


T 


[Binber Diy 
Q.Vici. bpm. 1819. Hot 


'■58 




13 


B 


^kaftir Trinity 1 3.'o 


33<* 


F 


=■■38 


3- ' 


»4 


M 


Miibum. U. .Sheriff! el. 4 a 


437 


3 


S 

5 


(alSlp.Eic.Citnu.&Dks 
Trimilj Su»d^y 


3-33 

4' 7 


3-4S 




T 


ls,.J.,,.„.j,„ 


vx 


3 


u 




4.58 




i^ 


T 


< "'39 


7- 7 


T 




5-5' 


bJ, 


38 


F 


Coronat. 1B3B. Hol.Plp-'7 3& 


8- S 


»9 


W 




6.51 


7.M 


39 


S 


Sl,Pet(T,jandE»a.Offi.l 837 




T 


Restor. KinKChaHetlt 


758 


8.35 


30 


8 


HhaflirT.iiity ( 9 4^ 




S> 


F 


[CofptuChrji 


9'4 


9-47 














xu 



Our Ocean Highways, 



TABLES of HIGH WATER, mean TEMPERATURE, 
VARIATION of the COMPASS, and TIME. 



Time of High Water on Full and Change Days, with the Rise of the Tide 
at Springs and Neaps, at the Ports described in the preceding pages. 

This Table contains the times of high water at the full and change of the Moon for the principal 
ports of the world. The tide-hour can be found on any other days by adding the time of the 
Moon's meridian passage at the place to the time given in the Table. If the sum be less than 
12 hours, it is the time of high water p.m. ; if it exceed 12 hours, it b the time of high water 
next morning, and to obtain the time for p.m. on the present da^ subtract lah. 34m. This 
rule supposes that the tide always follows tne Moon by the same interval ; but this interval, 
generally speaking, is different for each day of the fortnight or semi-lunar period. 



Place. 



Al>crdeen 

Aberystwyth 

Acajutla, C. A, 

Acapulco, Mexico. W. C 
Adelaide, AustralLi 

^^\a dia** ■•• ••■ ••• «■< 

to 
Akyab. B.iy of Bengal... 
Albany, Port, Australia. 

Ka^t coast 

Aldemey 

Alge^iras, Spain 

Algoa Bay, Africa, S. est. 

AIIo.a 

Altona, Germany 

Amoy, China 

Angara, Azores 

Antigua, Id 

Arbroath 

Ardro.vsan 

Arica Road, Pcni 

Archangel, White Sea... 

Arundel, bar 

Ascension. Id 

Auckland, New Zealand 

Ayr .«• ... 

Baliia. Brazil 

Baltimore, United States 

BatifT 

Bangkok River, Siam . 

Barbadoes, Id 

Bam>laple, bridge 

Batavia, Java 

Bayonne. bar 

Beaumaris 

Belfast ... . 

Benin River, Africa 
Bergen, Norway ... . 
Bermudas, Ireland Id.. 

Bideford 

Bilbao, bar, Spain... . 
BluifHar., New Zealand 
Bombay, dockyard 
Bonny Kivcr, Africa . 



z 3 






Rise. 



M. 

o 

3« 

as 

6 

440 
7 30 1 
9 IpS 
9 45 



13 15 

6 46 



X 

4 

3 

5 

12 

12 



49 
o 

18 

9 
o 

32 



I 35 

" 45 
o 
28 



8 

7 
" 35 



5 



n 50 
4 26 
6 



irr. 
irr. 

6 28 
10 o 

3 45 
10 32 
lo 43 

4 30 
« 30 

7 14 
6 7 
3 o 
I 18 

XI 40 

5 o 



Springs 



FT. 
X3 

?l 

8 

7 

9 

10 
«7 

■i- 

"i. 

a 

M 

10 

'a 

16 

3 
II 

81 
8 

■? 

74 to 

2 
10^ 

3 
12 

-X 

7 

4 

4 

16 

12 to 

9 



IX 



17 



Neaps 



FT. 



10 
xo 



5 

4^ 

6 

\ 

5 
15 

Mi 



II 
8 



iij 

\ 

8 
8jto> 

7i 
10 
8 



Place. 



Bordeaux 

Boston light, U. States 

Boulogne 

Bremerhaven, Germany 

Brest 

Bridgewater ... ,. 

Bridport 

Brighton 

Brisbane, bar, Australia 

Bristol 

Buenaventura, C. Amer. 

Buenos Ayrcs 

Bushire, Persian Gulf ... 
Bassorah, bar, do. 

^^SmaUC •«• ■■• ••■ ■■» 

Caermarthen, bar 

Caernarvon 

x.«A1a1S ••• ••• ■■« •■■ 

Calbuco, Patagonia 

Calcutta . ... 

Calicut Roads, India ... 

Callao Bay, Peru 

Cameron River, Africa... 
Canton Rr. entr., China 

Cape Coast Castle 

CaTdinf 

Cardigan 

Carlisle Port 

Cartagena, New Grenada 
Carwar Bay, India 
Cayenne ... 

Ceara, Brazil 

Charleston, UnitedStates 

Chatham 

Chepstow 

Cherbourg 

Chester 

Chichester 

Christchurch 

Clare, Ireland 
Cobiga Bay, Bolivia 
Cochm Bay, India 
Coleraine 



{ 



Rise. 



I 



:} 



Springs Neaps 



FT. 



'3t 



3l 



^ 



Our Oc&in Iligfmays. 







Jti.iL 


Plaib. 


=^cC 


RISC 




Spiingt 


N«i,, 


ii™*. 


N»,„ 


aSS'Sif"::: :: 

c-~.*- 

g=a—' ::: 

D^LnnitW 

[Invi^iR, oockyHa .- 

!SS,:v ::: :: ::: 

Eul Undan. ATika .. 
EatdtD. Grinany 

ESiT"^.. :■: :: 

Fcnaodn Po 

DudiiiiC. Uclfium 

Folten™. 

Fmrtj 

C>I«M<». G. •* Muin 

SS[ Ri™"."'Arrii=, ::: 

a^-^- 

ciikixBdt. Gii^m^y :r. 

Gi«n«k.. 
CnM-ich 

CtTU(l>.CimbbM Iild. 

CriKllf 

Curwi<t>l. GnudDT .. 


MS* 
S 3« 

j3 


L. 
f 

1 

% 
"1 


9i 
'81 


K'ligBliud, l>Lud .. 
H<)ilrSi..Ja»y,I.I>iid 

H^kilOu^bu. N. Zealand 

ll^Xl'Si^Utoii^ Id. 

llll^B!.'y,Pe^" " 

Iluucho Pwi. Chm .. 

IirnoHobir ", .'.'.' '". 
Knllo Port. IHaidnu ... 

liU), Ftni 

«s, St 

iddah, Brf So 

ohn. il., B»yof Fnndy 
^hi<.Sl..Ncrw{vuodIiuKl 
Kg. UoorgeSd.AuiuiIlji 
Kin^wwn 

isT"^: ;:; ;; 

Ug«rta7,A(Ho 

uubu. chiB :;: ::: ;: 
I.™,6cW 

LkwGyTiiii „ 

[2-£.B^« - - 
i.oriem^v;. :: :: 

Umeueri ... ~ ... 

Lyt«lta«.N»Zaki>d 
Muiru 

^^z ;:; 


i'i 

Yi 
».« 

;:S 

to J) 

■il 
11 


1 

1 

'li 

■!i 

1 

r 


It 

;;' 

Hi 

Mi 

1 




XIV 



Our Ocean Highways. 



HIGH WATER TABLE (continued). 



Place. 



= 2 



U 



Mauritius, Port Louis ... 

MellK}urne 

Michael, St.. Azores ... 
Mexillonc«, Bolivia 

Milford Haven 

Middicsboro' 

Mobile 

Mocha Road, Red Sea... 

Mogador 

Monterey, California ... 

Montrase 

Montt Port, Chili 

Morlaix Road 

Mossel Bay, Africa 

Movillc. Ireland 

I<k'agasaki H.-iy, Japan ... 
Natal Port. Afnca 

Nazairtf. St 

Negapatam. India 
Newcastle, Australia ... 
Newcastle. England ... 
Newport, Wales, S. est. 
Newport, W.iles, W. est. 

Oporto 

Ostend 

Pad.stow 

Panama Koad 

Para, Brazil 

Parahib.a. Brazil 

P.iyta, Pcni 

Pcmbrdce Dockyard ... 

Penang 

Penzance 

Pemambuco, Brazil 

Peterhead 

Philadelphia 

Plymouth Breakwater... 

Poole 



{ 



Port au Prince 
Port Royal, Jamaica 
Portland, United States 
Porto Frio, Brazil.. 
Porto Praya, C. N'erde Is. 
I*ort»mouth Dockyard 
Portsmouth, U. States 

Quebec 

Queenstown 

R.am«igate 

Rangoon 

Rc.ilcjo, C«.*n. America. 
Richmond, l'. .States . 
Rio Cirandc du Sul 

Rio Janeiro 

Rochellc 

Rotterdam 

R;)ucn 

Rye Bay 

S.u.Titicios, Mexico 
Saigon, Cochin ... . 
S.imanco Bay, Pcni 
S:in Fr.inriscf) 



H. M. 

X2 30 

a 48 
12 30 
to 32 

556 

3.55 
irr. 

la o 
I 18 

10 22 
I 25 
48 

53 

30 

6 

15 

30 

40 

o 

o 

23 

10 

o 

30 



o 

4 
3 
7 
7 
4 
3 
5 
9 
4 
7 
7 
a 



12 ^^ 
S 13 



3 
12 

5 

3 
6 

12 

4 
4 
o 
I 
5 

9 
12 

8 
XI o 

II 25 



23 
o 
o 

20 

12 
O 

30 

45 

34 



18 
37 



45 i 



oy 



40 
o? 



II 41 
II 23 



38 

I 



" 44 



30 
6 

28 



3 o 

3 31 

3 45 
2 28 



II 20 
3 15 



5 

6 

12 



30 

6 



Rise. 



Springs Neaps 



FT. 



3 
24 

13 
I to 2 

4i 
10 to 12 

4l 

'3 

18 to 30 

24 
6 

7i 

9 

6 

i5l 

38 
12 
10 

204 

15 to 22 
It 
9 to 12 

3 
31 

8 to 6 

lO? 

1? 
I 

10 
4i 

5 

I2i 
XO 

18 

Ili 

»5 
21 

II 

3i 



18 
loj 



3l 
10 

14 to 

z8 

^i 

II 



29 
9 

ih 

10 to 



4 

17 

7 



23 

6 

9^ 

2 

41 



to 3 



FT. 
2i 



7i 



10 

8J 

13 

9 
12 

M 
2! 

3 
«3 



i7\ 



3i_ 



Placb. 



> (si Springs Neaps 



San Bias, Patagonia 
Sandy Pt., Magellan Str 
Santander, Spain ... 
.Santiago de Cuba ... . 

oSu MivSLIC ••• >•• ■•• 

.Savannah. United States 

Scarbon^ugh 

Shanghai 

Sheemess 

Sherbro River, Africa ... 

Shields, North 

i5|Shoreham 

Singapore. New Harbour 

Sligo Harbour 

Sourabaya Strait 

Southampton i 

Stockton-on-Tees 

Stonehaven 

Stomoway 

Suez Bay 

Sunderland 

Swansea. Mumbles 

Sydney. Australia 

'Faboga, New Grenada 
Talcahuano, Chili 

i6|Tamauve 

Tangier ... ,,, ... . 
Teignmouih ... .]. . 
Terceira, Azores ... , 

Thurso 

Tobago 

Torbay 

* riC->iw •■• ••« •■• • 

Trincomalee . 

Trinidad 

Inpoli 

Troon 

Truro Quay 

Tumaco Road, Ecuador 
Tuticorin. India ... . 
Tynemouth. bar ... , 
Valdivia. Chili ... . 
Valparaiso, Chili ... . 
Victoria, Brit. Columbia 
Vincent. St.. Island , 
Waterfonl. bridge... . 

WelU. bar 

Weston-super-marc 

Wexford 

Whitby 

Whitehaven 

Wick 

Wicklow 

Wisbcach 

Woodbridge, bar ... . 

Workington 

Yarmouth Road ... . 

Vedo, Japan 

Yokohama, Japan... . 

Youghal 

Zanzibar 



13 



irr. 



5 


5 


a 


33 


I 


«S 


3 


30 


10 


35 


9.3a 


irr. 


3 





6 


6 


6 


ao 


6 


54 


7 


21 


3 45 


11 


14 


II 


aa 



Rise. 



FT. 



;i 



13 



1 



30 



9i 



10 



Our Ocean Highways. 



iCim-^lid JrsHi E 



TrMftralnrt Tntlal. 



Arctic Regions:— 
Godha^ 

K^, :: ;: ;: 
Rfirumi;:: ... ::: 

Uiuted SUitVB and ( 






|p[kw^::: ::: :" ::: 



Mexico mnd the West Indies 



Pi ■iTH' 
Baq wIlieB 

TORob ^. 
VwiCtai... 



HifB 

St^Iclau. 

Cape of G«x] Hope 

Sreat Britain :— 



i::: 



South America:- 



SuiB Cnu. Tu, 

LaPnloiu 



fdinbursli-.- 



Wck ,., ... .. 
IdeoTWiitit ., 



Switierland :- 
Bule ... . 

Geneva 



Our Ocean Highways. 



MEAN TEMPERATURE TABLE ft 



KS ::: 



Ml!™?' 



SpBin uid PoituEal :- 

Orfii 

Cibnlar 

Mjuliid "... '". 

MediteTTanean : — 



;!3 



Tre'^nd!;! Z. 

Northern Europe and Asia;- 

Copenhoffen „- .- 

UbhIb ■ ".'.. ".'.. "... "... '.'.'. 

Arch^iri::: ;:: ::: z :.' 

Pcunburg'" "; " "; '.'.'. 

Sfbatropol - -., 



Australia, ftc. :■ 











Variation of the CompaBs, Year 


187 










mdc 


■ Eo- 


,6o- 


•1" 


,«• 


'"■ 


5,- 


«Q- 




»■ 


1 

n 


»■ 


40* 


60" 


»■■ 


.»■ 


Md 


M 


70-N. 


_4 

.JL. 


n 
t 

JL 


1 




1 
1 


V. 

'4 

It 


3' 

'I 
6k. 


1 


V. 


3* 


u_ 


r 






£_ 


1 



Oar Ocean Higkoiays. 



TABLE for convening Loneitude into Time ; by which Ihe diETereoce 
o( lime between any two places may be ascertained when the 
lenKitudea are known. 

VlAruecl to GtH&NWfoi lime, thai rnf att pbcn in Welst l^n^tudc vi Siow dF Greenwich 
(haxrfall plaeeiui E*'i loniiiud* u F«t of Grteninch. by (be qmioiii)' due 10 ihi loigimde. 
Tbe loiHril uJc "Ulbt n>unil la tach pU« in (he GaiHItti, 



u. 


r™. 


L«.i 


T.... 


Uhg 


■r,.,. 


l™. 


t™ 


l-^I 


Tiffl,. 


l™^. 


Ti«. 




j 


n 


;] 


6* 


'ii 


i 


u 


S 


« .6 


'S» 


1° I« 


J 


" 


S 




a 


: 3 


s 


6 u 


;u 


e n 






\ 


•« 


s 




3 


s 




;a 




■\i 




















































} ^ 


3 


;; 


. *g 


7^ 


* *a 


™ 


J3 


% 


!S 


1*3 


B 48 


' « 




.J 




74 


I |ft 


■4 




■M 


8 ^ 




.1 




s 




'^ 


5 4 


3 




s 


9 ° 






s 


,J 


li 




ii 




13 






1* 


s 








M 




iZ 








































2 






































































l6 




3 }6 




s 36 




r J6 








.1 56 




























3 






















3 


s 


3 t" 


ss 


s *a 


"7 


T <B 


"S 


9 t^ 


"S 






^ 


3 56 


BV 




"» 










1. IS 


a» 


" 


&1 


4 <■ 


'y" 




I. a 




■S" 






" " 







A 


„«.nls 


ohfaddfd/^ 


MiriuUs B/LcBXilu 


«'<■. 






^ 


\ 


Jj 


^ 
!« 


I 


1 j« 


33 


3 "b 


« 


I ,B 


H 




s 




\l 




'^ 


I M 






:; 




K 




I 




\l 




\k 


I J^ 


S 










3 iS 


























" 




" 


I « 


■^ 




4" 






3 « 


00 


* " 



XVlll 



Our Ocean Highways, 



CUSTOMS' TARIFF (British). 



Articles. 



Foreign. 
s. d. 

30 

4 

30 

8 
20 
30 

3 

4 



o 
8 
o 
o 
o 
o 



British. 
5. d. 
.. ao 
. 4 

,. 30 

. 8 
,. 20 
.. 20 

3 

4 



o 
8 
o 
o 
o 
o 



i ::: I I 



o 

3 
o 

2 

o 

o 



7 
4 

25 
4 



4 
o 
I 
o 

2 

3 

4 
o 
8 
8 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
8 
o 
8 

8 



o 

• 3 
o 

2 
o 
o 

o 

. 34 

. 4 
. 4 

• 7 
.200 

• 7 

• 7 
. 4 

• 25 
. 4 



4 
o 

X 

o 

2 

3 

4 
o 

8 
8 
o 
o 
o 
o 
o 
8 
o 
8 



Ale and Beer bii. 

Almonds, paste of ...cwt. 
Beer brl. 

Mum brl. 

Spruce brl. 

of other sorts brl. 

Cards, Playing, doz. pks. 

Cherries. dri«l cwt. 

Chicory, or any vezeuble matter applic 

able to the uses of Chicory or CofTee. Raw 
or kiln-dried (say) ...cwt 26 6 ... 26 6 

Roasted or ground lb. 

Chlx)rofor.m lb. 

Cocoa lb. 

Husks & ShelLs,..cwt. 

Paste & Chocolate lb. 

Coffee lb. 

Kiln-dried, roasted, or 

ground o 

Collodion gall. 24 

Comfits cwt. 4 

Confectionery cwt. 4 

Currants cwt. 7 

Essence, Spruce, loolb. 200 

Ether gal. 25 

Figs cwt. 7 

Fig-cake cwt. 

Ginger, preserved ...cwt. 

Malt qr. 

Marmalade cwt. 

Milk, condensed and pre< 
served cwt. 4 

Naptha. or MethyUc Al- 
cohol, purified gaL 10 

PiCKLEs.preserved in Vine- 
gar gaL o X ... o I 

Plate, of gold (E) or. troy 17 o ... 17 o 

of silver, gilt and un- 

gilt oz. troy i 6 ... i 6 

Pli'ms (commonly called 
French Plums) and P^- 
ncllos cwt. 70... 70 

dried or preserved (ex* 

cept in sugar) not other- 
wise descnbed cwt. 7 o ... 7 o 

preserv. in sugar, cwt. 4 8 ... 4 8 

•A'*'/^.— Peaches and Apricots dried in the 
sun wi thou t sugar are admissable the same. 

Prijnks cwt. 7 o ... 7 o 

Raisins cwt. 7 o ... 7 o 

Spirits, or strong waters, not being sweet- 
ened or mixed with any article so that 
the degree of strength thereof cannot be 
ascertained by Svkes's Hydrometer, for 
every gallon of the strength of proof by 
such hydrometer, and so on in propor- 
tion for any greater or less ^Urength than 
the strength of proof, and for any greater 
or less quantity than a gallon, viz. : — 

Brandy gaL xo 5 ... lo 5 

Geneva gal. xo 5 ... 10 5 

— Rum, of and from any Foreign coun- 
try, being the country of its produc- 
tion gal. xo 3 ... to a 



4 8 



xo 



Articles. Foreign. British. 

s. d. s. d. 

Spirits, Rum, from any country, not beinK 
the country of its produc- 
tion gal. 10 5 ... xo 5 

TafTa, of and from anv 

colony of France ...gal. xo 9 ... 10 9 
— Rum and Spirits of and from a British 
possession in America or the island of 
Mauritius, and Rum of and from any 
Britbh possession within the limits of the 
East India Company's Charter, in re- 
gard to which the conditions of the Act 
A Vic. c. 8, have or shall have been liil- 
nlled gal xo 5 ... xo 5 

unenumerated ...gal. 10 5 ... »? S 

Other Spirits, being sweetened or mixed 
so that the degree of stren^;th cannot be 
ascertained as aforesaid, vu. : — 

Rum, Shrub, Liquors, and Cordials, 

of and from a British possession in 
America, or the Island of Maurititis, or 
a British Possession within the limits of 
the E.I. Co's late charter qualified as 
aforesaid gal. 10 2 ... xo 2 

perfumed, to be used as perfumery 

only galL X4 o ... 14 o 

^Water Cologne, the flask (thirty of 

such flasks containing not more than one 
gallon) each o 6 ... o 6 

^when not in flasks as 

perfuined .spirits gal. x^ o ... 14 o 

Spirits or strong waters imported into 

the United Kingdom mixed with any in- 
gredient, and although thereby coming 
under some other denomination, except 
varnish, shall, nevertheless, be deemed 
to be Spirits or strong waters, and be 
subject to duty as such. 

Fruit preserved in 

brandy gaL xo 5 ... xo 5 



5 8 ... 5 8 



Succades. including all fruits and 
tables preserved in sugar, not otherwise 
enumerated cwt. 4 8 ... 4 8 

Sugar, refined in loaves 

cwt. 60... 60 
Crushed do. with 5 per 

cent, moisture ...cwt. 5 9 ... 59 
Not inferior to import standard 
No. 3, approved by 
Lords of Treasury cwt. 
Not inferior to sample 

No. 4 do CMTt. 5 3 

Not inferior to sample 

No. 5 do cwt. 

Inferior to above. ..cwt. 

Cane Juice cwt. 

Mola^es cwt. 

Tea, (without any allow- 
ance for Draft) lb. o 6 

Tobacco, unmanufactured, containing xolb. 

per cent, or more moisture 

3s. and 5 per cenL per n». 
less than 10 lb. per 

cent, moisture .lb. 3 6 ... 3 tf 



4 
4 
4 

X 



9 
o 



5 3 

4 9 

4 o 

4 o 

« 9 

o 6 






^deg. 


Mllflt- 


W«.«r<irf™nFo«deo 

R«U^..'~ tfO- 

Whitt 5 

pnidiKc of any BhiisI 

5fc " g 

i«.of«d.wu„;.:p,i 


I. d. 


■i 



Ab addilwiia] duty of 3d. Mr jfaUofl for 
*Ttry dcfrre tpf blrenglh bej«>nd the 
hilfh«Etpcdli«) : amt no more than to per 

any wiiw be tortlfitd in bond to a greater 
4wrc« of KrtDfth than 4a per cent, tj 
toA nmof qsnu 
■nim UiU be charged (ifreipeelive of any 
Dulie* cr( CiuloiB or other niei « 
" 'e hy la») upon the iia- 



nolailC 



tlmisn folloi 
Upon Coodi d< 



anvt e^^rted uni 

uBponed tin cKpn 
^ip. provided Ihey 



Higkmayi. xlx 

WaiehouM la H«h Comunqukn, ibe 

For eveiy loo^. of Ctuums Duly pnyabls 

InieapettotTohitso i 6 

.. «her goodi .-,..,-,.,. 5 o 
vheiher nich TDbacco or other pfoodi 
thaLI have been removed to tuch wuv- 

a^iproved under ibc Act above men- 

Iti tnpcct of Tobacco .-.,„.-„,--- 5 o 

,» other^ooda -. to o 

OnrHKLH Dtiaa. 

Payable uinti Wind inponed into ihe 

Port of Loudun. 

•-^Ix"! 'Wpipe > ai 

FonugaZ ...,..-.-,,.- ...iheinpc 4 s 

(.ape and Madffira the MAC 1 10 

Alfotheiwru Il-eplpe a a 

FieiKh ..(hehhd. . o 

AU Winn ill i»a ....cKhtaaa o 3 

.. tia botja .,,,T.-..peTdoa. o ok 
Minute ComiDiisoijen of Cuttonu iitb 
May tBu, permiti Qunbnt> or Lawna. 
lAthei GlaiB. SUk and Tobacco, Itmiui 
In Faitenjeii' Eaggage. to be admiited to 
culry. allhougb not entered on the Report. 

KOTICE. 

If any Pjuenger or Person on boinl 

tiMed*^ ^y Officer OP OScen of Hec 
Mijoty-i Cuilomi. i.beiher he or <ht, 

the laine. and any sDch Coodt aAer such 
denial be ductiwcd upon hia or her per- 

■D be ffnfeiled. and nicb pcnon to pay 
licble the nhie ofiuch (ooda. 

Briilah Cairiaiei, Briliih Plate, and Cor- 
eicn Book^ Mapi.orMunrallnuninienu. 
re-imponedmto Great Britain, allo'.dd 10 



RrgMlalimu <u /a Paianetri B.'fj:nsi. 

lingle ncJL^ea vill be entitled to have 
Ibem Ant uanlined ; after whkb the re- 
muning Paaaen^n will be called in ^c- 

aitdiae brouEbl with their Bainge U liatilc 
Ihe hi met of the Vend. 



r 



XX Our Ocean Highways, 



SOVEREIGNS OF EUROPE AND PRESIDENTS 

OF REPUBLICS. 



ANHALT. 

Leopold, Duke of Anhalt, bom Oct. i, 1794 ; married April i8, 1818, to 
the Duchess Fredericka of Prussia, who died Jan. i, I050. Issue: I. 
Princess Agnes, bom June 24, 1824 ; married April 28, 1853, to Duke 
Ernest, of Saxe-Altenburg. — 2. Prince Frederick, heir apparent, bom Aprfl 
29, 1831 ; married April 22, 1854, to Princess Antoinette, daughter of 
Edward, late Prince of Saxe- Altenburg. Issue : four sons and two daugh- 
ters. I. Prince Leopold, lx)m 18 July, 1855. 2. Prince Leopold Frederick, 
bom Oct. 19, 1856. 3. Princess Elizabeth, bom Sept. 7, 1857. 4. Prince 
Edward, bom April 18, 1861. 5. Prince Aribert, bom June 18, 1864. ^ 
Princess Alexandra, bom April 4, 1868. — 3. Princess Marie, bom ScpL I4, 
1837 ; married Nov. 29, 1854, to Prince Frederick Karl, of Pmssia. 

AUSTRIA. 

Franz Joseph I., Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, bom August 
18, 1830, married April 24, 1854, to Elizabeth, bom Dec 24, 1837, the 
<laugliter of I>uke Maximilian in Bavaria, and has issue : — I. Archmichcss 
Gisela, bom July 12, 1856. 2. Archduke Rudolf, heir apparent, bom Aug. 
21, 1S58. 3. Archduchess Mar)', bom April 22, 1868. 

BADEN. 

Frederick L, Grand I'hike of Baden, bom Sept. 9, 1826 ; married Sept. 20^ 
1856, to the Grand Duchess Louisa, Iwm Dec. 3, 1 838, the daughter (^Kmg 
Wilhelm I., of Pmssia. Issue: i. Frederick William, heir apparent, bom 
Tuly 9, 1857. 2. Victoria, bom August 7, 1862. 3. Ludwig, bom June 12, 
"1865. 

BAVARIA. 

LuDWu; IT., King of Bavaria, bom August 25, 1845. 

BELGIUM. 

I^EOPOM) IL, King of the Belgians, bom April 9, 1835 5 niarried August 23, 
1853, to Maria Henrietta, lx)m August 23, 1836, the daughter of the hte 
Archduke Joseph, of Austria. Issue: two daughters. I. Princess Louise^ 
Ixjm F'eb. iS, 1858. 2. Princess Stephanie, bora May 21, 1864. 

BRAZIL. 

Peter II., bom Dec. 2, 1825; married Sept. 4, 1843, to Donna Thcre», 
lK>m March 14, 1822, daughter of the late Francis I., King of the Two 
Sicilies. Issue: I. Princess Imperial Isabella, bora Tulv 29, 1846; mazried 
Oct. 15, 1864, to Louis, Prince of Orleans, bom April 28, 1842. 2. Princes 
Imperial Leopoldine, bom July 13, 1847 ; married Dec. 15, 1864, to AugastCy 
Prince of Saxe-Coburg-and-Gotha, bom August 9, 1845. 

BRUNSW^ICK. 

WiLiiELM I., Duke of Brunswick, bom April 25, 1806. 



Our Ocean Highways. xxt 

DENMARK. 

CuiltTlAN IX., Kjn|> of Denmark, born April 8, (Sl8 ; Diumed Maj 36, 
tlUa. Louisa, bora Sepl. 7. 1817, the dau^tct of I.andpuve Wilhelm, of 
Ho&c Casiel ; and bos iism: — 1. Prince Frnierick, heir apparent, bom 
JuK 3, 1S43 : married July zS, 1869, 10 Ihe rrince>ii Louisa, only doughter 
of the Kiug of Sweden and Norway. 3. Prince»> AlexAudm, born Dec. I, 
iSm ; married Martli lOt 1S63, Iq Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. 3. 
rrinee Wilhelm, bora Dec 14, tS4J ; Duuiied Oct. 27, 1S67, to Olga Con- 
ttanttnoviia, Ursnd DucheEu of Husaa, 4. Princes* I^i^ar, bom Nire. 36, 
IS47 : muried Nov. 9, 1866, to Grand Dute Alcundcr, heir apporcDl of 
Rnisia. 5. Princci^ Thyia, liorii Sept. 39. 1853. 6, Prince W«lJeniar, 
Ijom Ocl. a?, 1858. 

PRANCE. 
Loun Nai-uleon III., hom April so, iSoS ; nuirricd Jan. 29, 1853, Marie 
Kngtnie de MoBiieio de Guiman ye Porto Oirrcio, Counieu of Tela, se- 
conri (laughtt? of Manuel, Ctnml of Montigo of Teln, and Duke of Navcr- 
*n]*, SI pment reading In England. IsiKt: Prince Imperial, Napoleon, bom 
March I6, I856, at pre*Hit raiding in England. The Emperor Napoleon 
III. having been taken prisoner by King Willi.im of Prusna Sept. 3, 1870, 
and a Revnlulion having burit forth in Paris on the 4l!i, the Guonapnrtc 
tunily no longer eierciieil any power, ami were forced lo <jult ihc French 
territory. 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 
Al-LA-t.M.'£J.->.l V'lLruuI.L, bu-u Hay 24, jSl^ ; ciariiial J'«Il iq, iS^O, to 
Albert Francis, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Cobui|;.and-Gotha, widow 
Dec 14, l86l. Isnu: 1. Victoria, Princess Royal, bora Nov. 11, 1840; 
married Jan. 25, 1858, lo Frederick William, Prince Royal of Prussia.— i. 
Albeit Edward, bora Nov. 9, 1841 ; married March 10, l36j, to (he Prin- 
ceai Alexandra, bora Dec. I, 1B44, daughter of Christian IX., Kin); of 
Denmaik. Children: I. Prince Albert Victor, bora Jan. 8, 1S64. 2. 
Print* George, boni June 3, 1 865. 3. Princess Louise, bom Feb. ao, 1 867, 
4. Princess Victoria, bom July 6, 1868. 5. Princess Maud, bora Nov. 26, 
1869.^. Princess Alice, bom April 25, 1843 ; married July i, 1862, lo 
LouLs, Prince of Hesse Darmstadt. 4. Prince Alfred, bora Aug, 6, 1844. 
J. Princess Helena, bora May 25, 1S46 ; married July 5, 1S66, to Chris- 
tian, Prince of Slcswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg. 6. Princess 
Louise, bora March 8. 1848. Married March list, 1871, lo Maniucss of 
I.orae. 7. Prince Arthur, bora May I, 1850, 8. Prince Leopold, bom 
April 7, 1853. 9. Princess Beatrice, bora April 14, 1857. 

GREECE. 

CeoeCe I., bom Dec. 24. '845 ; married Oct. 27, 1867. lo Olga Coii^Wn- 

tinovna, bora Sept. 3, 1851, daughter of Conilanlin Nlcoliiievilch, (inml 

l>uke i^ Russia. Iiiui: I. Prince Royal Conslanlin, Iwra Aug. 2, 1S6S. 

2. Prince George, bom June 24, 1869. 3. Princess, bom Aug. 31, :S7o. 

HESSE. 

Lur>wir. III., Grand Duke of Hesse, bora June 9, :8o6 ; martie.1 Dec. 26, 
1833, to Princess Mathilde, daughter of Louis I., King of Bavaria. 
ITALY. 

Victor Eumahuei^ born March 14, 1820; married April 12, 1S42, M.irlt- 
Adelaide, bora June 3, 1S33, daughter of the late Renter, Archduke of 




xxii Our Ocean Highways. 

Austria ; widower Jan. 20, 1855. Issue: Princess Clothilde, bom March 2, 
1843 J married Jan. 30, 1859, to Prince Napoleon. 2. Prince Humbert, 
heir apparent, bom March 14, 1844 ; married April 22, 1868, to Marguerite, 
Hereditary Princess of Savoy, bom Nov. 20, 1 85 1, daughter of the late Fer- 
dinand, Prince of Savoy. 3. Prince Amadeus, bom May 30, 1845 ; married 
May 30, 1867, to the Princess Marie, bom Aug. 9, 1847, daughter of Charles 
Emmanuel, Prince del Pozzo della Cistonia. Son, Prince Emmanuel Phili- 
bcrt, bom Jan. 13, 1869. 4. Princess Marie- Pie, bom Nov. 16, 1847 » 
married Oct. 6, 1862, to Louis, King of Portugal. 

LEICHTENSTEIN. 

John II., Sovereign Prince, bom Oct. 5, 1840. 

LIPPE-DETMOLD. 

Leopold H., Prince of Lippe-Detmold, bom Sept. i, 1821 ; married April 
17, 1852, to Princess Elizabeth, bora Oct. I, 1833, daughter of Prince 
Albert, of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. The heir apparent is the Prince's bro- 
ther. Prince Waldemar, bom April 18, 1824 ; married Nov. 9, 1858, to the 
Princess Sophia of Baden. 

MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN. 

Friedrich Franz II., Grand Duke of Mecklcnburg-Schwerin, bom Feb. 2S, 
1823 ; married 1st, Nov. 3, 1 849, to the Grand Duchess Augusta, bom May 
26, 1822, daughter of the late Henry L. XIII., Prince of Reuss-Schleiz- 
Koestritz, who died March 3, 1862 ; 2nd, May 12, 1864, to the Princess 
Anna, l)om May 25, 1843, daughter of Charles William Louis, Prince of 
Hesse, who died April 16, 1865 ; 3rd, July 4, 1868, to the Grand Duchess 
Marie, bom Jan. 29, 1850, daughter of Francis Frederick, Prince of 
Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. Issue by the ist marriage : I. P'rederick FnmdSy 
Hereditary Grand Duke, bom March 9, 1851. 2. Duke Frederick Fral, 
bom Sept. 9, 1852. 3. Duchess Marie, bom May 14, 1854. 4. Duke John, 
bom Dec 8, 1857. Daughter, 2nd marriage, 5. Duchess Anna, bom April 
7, 1S65. Daughter, 3rd marriage, 6. Duchess Elizabeth, bom Aug. 10, 
1869. 

MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ. 

Frederic William, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, bom Oct 17, 1819 5 ™»'^ 
ricd June 28, 1843, to the Grand Duchess Aumista, Princess of Great Britain, 
Ireland, and Hanover, bom July 19, 1822, eldest daughter of the late Add- 
phus, Duke of Cambridge. Son, Prince George Adolphus Frederick, bom 
July 22, 1848. 

MONACO. 

Charles HI., Prince of Monaco, bom Dec. 8, 1818 ; married Sept. 2S, 1846^ 
to the Princess Antoinette, Countess of Merode, bom Sept 28, 182^ died 
Feb. 10, 1864. Son, Prince Albert, heir sipparcnt, bom Nov. 13, 1848; 
married Sept. 21, 18(39, ^^ ^^ Hereditary Princess Marie, bom Dec. II, 
1850, daughter of the late Duke of Hamilton and Brandon. Son, Louis, 
bom July 12, 1 870. 

NETHERLANDS. 

William III., bom Feb. 19, 181 7 ; married June 18, 1839, to Sophia, boni 
Tune 17, 181 8, daughter of the late William I., King of Wurtemcnii^ and 
has Issue two sons : I. Prince William, heir apparent, bom Sept 4, 184a 
2. Prince William Alexander, bom Aug. 25, 1851. 



Our Ocean Highwiiys. xxiii 

OLDENBURQ. 
FetuI., Gnnd Duke of Oldenburg, born JutyS, 1S27; mairicd Feb. 10, 
iSja, to Elitabclh, bom March 26, l8a6, daughlcr of Prince Joseph, of 
Suc-AUclibur^. /itiu: 1. Prince Augusl, heir apparent, bora Nov. 16, 
1852. 2. Prince GeoiBC, born June 27, 1855. 

POPE PIUS IX. 
Pope Pics IX., bom May 12, 1792. 

PORTUGAL. 

%gXCB Phiupfe, bom Oct. 31, 18381 laurie'l Oct, 6, 1862, to Marie- Pie, 

IniOa. 16, 1847, daughter of Vietor Emmatiucl II.. King of Iloly. Iiiut: 

iTlStBce Charles, heir apparent, born Sept. 28, l86j. 2. Prince Alphonso, 

*«■« J»iy 3'. '865. 

PRUSSIA. 

PucneKlCK' WiLUAM, horn March 22, 1797 ; married June II, 1829, Marie 
AnnuLa, bora Sept. 30, iSll. daughter of the lale Charles Frederick, Grand 
Dokc of Sfl»e- Weimar, Itiiu: l. — Prince Royal Frederick William, bom 
Oct. iS, 1831 : married Jan. as, 1858. to Victoria, Princes RoyaJ of Great 
Britain and Ireland, bom Nov. 31, 1840. laiu: 1. Prince Frederick Wil- 
liam, bom Jan. 17, 1859. 1. Princess Charlotte, bom July 24, i66a 3. 
Prince Henry, bom Aug. 14, i86j. 4. Princess Victoria, bom April \2, 
1866. S- Prince Waldemar, bom Feb. 10, 1S68. 6. Princess Sophie 
Dotulhea, bom Junt 14, 1S70. — 2. Princess Louise, bora Dec. 3, 1038; 
married Sopl. JO. rS56, 10 the reiEning Urand Uuke Frederick, of Baden. 
REUSS. 

Henbv XXII., reigning Prince of Reuss, bom March ig, 1S46. 
RUSSIA. 

Empebok Alexander II., bom April 29 (17), 1818; married April 28 (16), 
1S41, lo Marie- Aleiandrovina, bora Aug. 8 (17 July), 1824, daughter of 
Louis II., Grand Duke of Hesse. Iiiut: — i. Alexander, Hereditary Grand 
Duke, bora March 10 (26 Feb.}, 1845 ; married Nov. 9 (Oct. 28), 1866, to 
the Princess Dagmar, daughlcr of Christian IX., King of Denmark. .Sons : 
I. Nicholas Alexandrovitch, bom May 18 (6). — 2. Grand Duke V lad imar, 
bora April 22 (10), 1847. 3. Grand Duke Alexis, bom Jan. 14(2), 1850. 
4. Grand Duchcs.s Marie, bom Oct. 17 ($), 1S53. 5. Grand Duke Scrt-e, 
bom May II (April 29), 1857. 6. Grand Duke Paul, bora Oct. 3(21 Sept.), 

SAXONY. 

John, King of Saxony, bom Dec. 12, iSoi ; married Nov. 12, 1822, to 
Amelia Augusta, bom Nov. 13, l8ot, daughter of the late Joseph Maximi- 
lian, King of Bavaria. Iitui: \. Prince Albert, heir apparent, bom April 
33, 1828 ; marrieil June 18, 1853, to the Princess Caroline, bom Aug. 5, 
1833, daughter of Guslsvus Prince of Wasa. 2. Princess Marie EliMbeth, 
bom Feb. 4, 1830 ; married April 22, 1850, lo Ferdinand, Prince of Sar- 
dinia ; widow Feb. lO, 1855. 3. Prince George, bom Aug. 8, 1832 ; mar- 
ried Hay 1 1, 1859, to the Princess Marie Aruie, Infanta of Portugal, bom 
Joly 21, 1843. daughter of Ferdinand, King ci" Portugal. Children : I. 
Priocess Mathilde, bom March 19, 1863. 2. Prince Frederic Auguste, bom 
M«y as, 1865. i Princess Marie, bom May 31, 1867. 4. Pnnce John, 
bom July 11, 1869. 




xxiv Our Ocean Highways. 

SAXE-ALTENBURG, 

Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Altcnburg, bom Sept. i6, 1826; married April 28, 
1853, to Freclericka Amelia Agnes, bom June 24, 1824, daughter of Leopold, 
Duke of Anhalt. Daughter, Princess Marie, bom Aug. 2, 1854. 

SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA. 

Ernest II., Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, bom June 21, i8i8; married 
May 31, 1842, to the Princess Alexandrina, bom Dec. 6, 1820, daughter of 
the late Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden. The Duke being childless, the 
heir apparent is his nephew. Prince Alfred, bom Aug. 6, 1844, ^'^ son of 
Prince Albert, of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and of Victoria I., Queen of Great 
Britain and Ireland. 

SAXE-MEININGEN. 

Georc.k II., Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, l)om April 2, 1826; married, ist. 
May iS, 1850, Princess Charlotte of Pmssia, who died March 30, 1855. 2nd, 
Oct. 23, 1858, to the Duchess Feodora, daughter of the late Ernest, Prince 
of Ilohenlohe-I^ngenburg. /w//^ by the 1st marriage : Prince Bernard, heir 
apparent, bom April I, 1851. 2. Princess Marie, bom Sept. 23, 1853. -^i*"*^ 
by the 2n(l marriage : 3. Prince Ernest, bom Sept. 27, 1859. 4. Prince 
Fre<lerick, bom Oct. 12, 1 86 1. 

SAXE-WEIMAR. 

K.\Ri. Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe- Weimar, bom June 24, 1818 ; mar- 
ried Oct. 8, 1842, to the Grand Duchess Sophia, bom April 8, 1824, daugh- 
ter of the late William, King of the Netherlands. Isme : I. Prince iJarl 
Auj^^isius, heir apparent, Iwm July 31, 1844. 2. Princess Marie, bom Jan. 
20, 1S49. 3. Princess Elizabeth, bom Feb. 28, 1854. 

SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE. 

Adoi.I'IIE CJeorge, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe, bom Aug. i, 1817 ; married 
Oct. 25, 1844, to the Princess Hermiena, bom Sept. 29, 1827, daughter of 
the late Frederick George, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Issue: I. 
Princcrvs Ilermine, bom Oct. 5, 1845. 2. Prince George, heir apparent, 
born Oct. 10, 1846. 3. Prince Hermann, bom May 19, 1848. 4. Princess 
Ida, l>orn July 28, 1852. 5. Prince Othon Heniy, bora Sept. 13, 1854. 
6. Prince Adolphus, bom July 20, 1859. 

SCHWARZBURG RUDOLSTADT. 

Gkori.t. Aliikrt, Prince of Schwarzburg Rudolstadt, bom Nov. 23, 1838. 

SCHWARZBURG SONDERHAUSEN, 

Gun THKR II., Prince of Schwarzburg Sonderhausen, bom Sept. 24, 1801; mar- 
ried I si, March 12, 1827, the i'rincess Mary, daughter of the late Charles 
Giinther, I'rincc of Schwarzburg Rudolstadt. 2nd, May 29, 1835, ^ 
Princes> Mathilde, daughter of the late Frederick Augustus, Prince <h Ho- 
hen U)hc Oehringcn (divorced May 5, 1852.) Issue: 1st marriage. Charles 
Giinther, heir apparent, bom Aug. 7, 1830; married June 12, 1869, to the 
hcreilitary Princess Mary, Duchess of Saxe, bom June 28, 1845, daii^ter 
by 2nd marriage of the late Edward, Prince of Saxe Altenbuig. 3. Prince 
lA^opuld, lK)m July 2, 1 832. Issue : 2nd marriage, 4. Princess Maiie^ 
bom June 14, 1837. 5. Prince Hugh, bom April 13, 1839. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



SLESWIQ HOLSTBIN. 
DtJKK Pkbdeuck, bom Valy 6, 1819; married SepL it, 1856, la the 

X)ache« Adelaide, bora July 10, 1S35, (laughter of the kte Ernest, Prince 
of Ili^enlohe S:meenbar|;, and haa isnu: t. Princess AuguMa Victoria, bom 
OcL as, 1B58. z. Princess Caroline Mathilde, bom June 25, i860. 3. 
Prince Ernest Gunlher, heir apiarenl, bom Aug, It, 1S63. 4. Princess 
Lauuc Sophia, bom April 8, 1S66. 

SPAIN. 
AmaseUS, Iwra May 30, 1845 ; married May 30. 1867, to the Princess Maiia, 
bom Aug- 9, 1847, daughter of Charles Emmanuel. Prince dnl Pcnzo dcUa 
Ciilcrtia, ioa of Prince Emmanuel, bom Jan. 13. 1869. 

SWEDEN AND NORWAY. 
Charles XV., bora May 3, iSi6j married June tg, 1850, (o Wiihelmioa 

Ftederica, rrinceu of Orange, bom Aug. 5, 1S2S. daughter of William 

Frederic, Prince of the Netheflands. Issue: one daughter. Princess Louise, 

bom Oct. 31, 1851 ; married July z8, 1S69, to Christian Frederic, Prince 

Koyal of Dcnmailt. 

TURKEY. 
Sultan AflDUL-Azri-KiiAN, bom Feb. 9, 1S30. Children i. Yottssouff-Iu- 

icddia-eifendi, bom Oct. 9, lSj7. I. Sultana Saliha, bom Aug. to, 1S63. 

3. Mnhmoud.Digcmil-Eddio, bom Nov. ao, 1862. Mechined'Selim, bom 

Oct. 8. t866. 5. Abdul-Mi^djld, bom Jun^ 27, lS5S. 

WALDECK. 
Grokge ViCTOK, Prince of Waldeck Pyrmont, bom Jan. 14,1831; married 
SepL 26, 1853, to the Princess Helena, bora Aog. la, 1831, dajughter of the 
Ute William, duke of Nassau. Jiau: 1. Princess Pauline, bom Oct. 
19, 1855. 3. Princess Adelaide Emina, bom Aug. 2, 1858. 4. Princess 
Helena, bom Feb. 17, l86i. 5. Prince Frederic, heir apparent, bom Jan. 
30^1865. 

WURTEMBURG. 
KiNC Charles I., Frederic Alexander, bant March 6, 1833 
' ' -- 1846, to Olga Nicolalevna, bom S< — " ' — ' — ' -" — 
:e Nicholas I. , Emperor of Russia. 

THE EMPIRE OF CHINA. 



Jnlr 13, '846, to Olga Nicolalevna, bom SepL II, (30 Aug.] i833, dai^hter 
rftbetteN ' ' ' •" '-r.--'- 



1, and the Empress mother 

JAPAN. 

The SDperior power belongs to Micado, to which all the Princes of the cotintry 
are subject. 

REPUBLICS IN EUROPE. 
San Marino. — Two Captaik Recehts. These are changed twice a year, 

April 1st, and October isL 
Swia* Confedention. — The present constitution w: 

IMet, Sept. II, 1848. The Federal Council has it 

declared a federal dty, Nov. 38, 1848. 



/ 



xxvi Our Ocean Highways. 

NORTH AMERICA. 

United States. — Federal Republic. Declaration of independence July 4, 
1776. Constitution of the 17th December, 1787, division of the powers of 
the State into three districts and independent bodies : the executnre power 
(President), the legislative power (Congress) and the judiciary power (Superior 
Court, &c) Federal capital, Washington, district of Colombia. 



REPUBLICS OP CENTRAL AMERICA. 

Costa Rica. — ^The President and the Vice-Preadent are elected for three 
years ; Senate of twenty-five members, and Chamber of Deputies of twenty* 
nine ; Court of Justice at San Josd. 

Guatemala. — An independent Republic since March 21, 1S47. President 
(duration of his functions four years), A. Carva, Marshal of the Canm, 
elected May 3, 1861 ; re-elected May 3, 1865 ; re-elected 1869, for the 
period of from May 24, 1869, to Dec 31, 1872. 

Honduras. — Duration of the President's functions four years ; Assembly 
Legislative, eleven deputies ; Senate, seven members ; Council of States 
the ministers and seven other members. Constitution sanctioned in Nov. 
1865. 

Nicaragua. — Constitution of Aug. 19, 1858. Duration of the President's 
functions, four years ; a Legislative Assembly and a Senate. 

San Salvador. — Legislative Assembly, twenty-four deputies, twelve senators ; 
sittings every year. The duration of the presidency which was fixed for six 
years by virtue of the law of January 24, 1859, has been changed to four 
years. 

Andane. — This Republic is placed under the jurisdiction of France and the 
Bishop of UiigeL It is governed by a General CouncU of twenty-four mem- 
bers elected for four jrears by four heads of fiunilies from each parish. This 
Council has for President a first Syndic assisted bv a second Syndic^ both of 
whom are nominated for four years by the memoers of the Council The 
executive power belongs to the first Syndic, the judiciary power is exercised 
by two Provosts and a dvil Judge. France and the Btshop of Urgel eadi 
nominate a Provost ; the civil Judge is nominated alternate^ by France and 
the Bishop of Urgel. Every two years this Republic pays to France 960 
francs ; during the other years it pays 891 francs to the Bishop of UigeL 



Argentine Republic. — Federal Capital, Buenos Ayres. Fedend Constitotioa 
voted May, 1858, revised on the occasion of the new re-union of Baenos 
Ayres with the Republic, June 6, 1 86a Two Chambers : 28 senators, 54 
deputies. 

Chili. — Republic — Declaration of Independence, Sept 18, l8ia The govern* 
ment of the Republic, after the Constitution of 1833, was composed 0^ an 
executive power (a President elected for five years and a Council of State), of 
a legislative power and a Senate of twenty members, whose fimctioiis last 
nine years ; and the Chamber of Deputies, elected for three yeark 

Colombia. — A Federal Repubuc, formerly New Grenada.— The pi«« 
sent Constitution dates from May 8^ 1863. Federal Capital, Bogota, in die 

State of Cundivamarea. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



UbCfim. — RkpcbUc.— Founded in \%t2, by ihe atTruicluMd neKroes of (he 
Uniled Stale* of North Amtrica iind Ibe lulivex of Africa, 'f^e colony of 
Liberia, IbrracTly dcwndcal on an American Society of Coloniiation. de- 
cLueil il&elf indcpcnilenl July 36, 1847. The Ciovenunent li composed of an 
oecmive poATcr (Preridcni) j ofiL^fislative Assembly and a judiciary jiower 
(Supreme Court). Capital Monravia. 

Mexi' 

foT ihe period of fmu yean ending Nov. 30, 1871. 
Paiaguay. — The Mile national authority Ls a Provisianal Government e&ia- 
Uishcil by Ihe allies of the Assumption Aug, 15, 1S69. 1( has not been 
recDGnized by any foreign power, and ncgocialions look place (1870) liclwr 
"- -*—■- ^--'-3 of the a"^- ' -• - * - ■ ■ 



the ptenipotentiaiies of the allied governments wilh a view lo lead ihe 

Psnguayan people lo give theroselves n new Constitution and a new Chief of 

the Stale. 
Peru. — Rei-ubuc, — A new Consliimion was adopted Aug, 31, 1867. It fi««[ 

the pictiilenlial duration to (We years. 
Republic of K«iti. — Praidni, The General Niuge-Saget, elected March 19, 

IBJW, for four years, commencing May IS, saJnc year. 



THE CABINET. 
^irit LordeflktTraauryr^Kx. Hon. W. E, Gladstone, 11, Caillon-house- 

lerracc, S.W., and Hawatden Castle, Chester. 
Ij>rd High CkaHcellor .—Lord Hatherley, 31, Great George-street, S, W. 



Lord PrauUnt afthe Council .—Earl de Grey and Ripon, 1, Carlton-gardens ; 

Studl^ Koyal, Ripon, Yorkshire, and Noclon Hall, Lincoln. 
Ijrd Privj) Stal: — Viscount Halifiuc, lO, Belgiave-tqaare, S.W. ; Hickleton 



Hall, Doncaster, and Varrowby, near Pocklington, Yorkshire. 
Chamdlor of ExihrqHtr :^-'S.\. Hon. Robert Lowe, 34, Lowndes-square, 

S.W., ami Calerham, Surrey, 
Strrrtary of State, Homt Dtpariment ,■— Rt, Hon. Henry A. Bnice, I, Quecn's- 

gate, Kensington, W., and DufTryn, Aberdeen, Glamoipmshire. 
Jlrrrforf^/iim^Jf^^oiVi.— Earl Granville, K.G., 16, Bruton-street ; Stone 

Park, Staffordshire ; Wahner Castle, Deal. 
Strretary of Colonia : — Earl ofKimberley, 48, Biyanston-Square, and Kimberley 

House, Wymondham, Norfolk, 
Seirdary^ War :—'».\. Hon, Edward Cardwell, 74, Eaton-sqaare, and Eller- 

berk, Chodley, Lancashire, 
Simtary of India:— "OmVh of A^le, K.T., Argyle Lodge, Campden Hill ; 

Inverary Castle, Rarcneath, Dumtartonshire ; and Lime Craigs, Campbell- 

town, Kinlyre. 
FirULiirdefUuAdmiraayT—'Rt. Hon. G.J. Goschen, 66, Mount Street, W., 

and Seacox. heath, Hawkhursl, Kent, 
Praident Board if Trade:— SX. Hon. Chichester S. ForleKue, 7, Carl 



xxviii Our Ocean Highways. 

C hi ff Secretary for Ireland: — Rt. Hon. Marquess of Hartington, 78, Picadilly, 

\V., and Hardwick Hall, Chesterfield. 
President of Poor Law Board: — Rt. Hon. James Stansfeld, Stoke-lodge, Hyde* 

park-gate, W., and Reform Club, S.W. 
Vice President of Council on Educaticm : — Rt. Hon. W. E. Forster, 80, Ecdes* 

ton-square, S.W., and Burley-in-Wharfedale, Leeds. 

Post Master General: — Rt Hon. William MonseU, Athenseum Club, S.W., 
and Tervoe, Limerick. 

CHIEF OFFICERS OF STATE, SCOTLAND. 

Lord High Constable: — Earl of Erroll, 5, Grafton-street, W., and Stairs 
Castle, Aberdeenshire. 

Keeper of Great .S«z/;— Earl of Selkirk, Carlton Club, S.W., and St. Mary's 
Isle, Kirkcudbright. Deputy — J. H. Mackenzie, Esq., i, Crown-court, Old 
Broad-street, E.C., and Nallington, Carshalton. 

Lord Privy Seal :—'Eai\ Dalhousie, K.T., Claridge*s Hotel, Brook-street, W., 
and Brechin Castle, Forfarehire. 

Master of the Household: — Duke of Argyle, K.T. 

Stamlard Bearer : — Earl of Lauderdale, 83, Lancaster-gate, W., and Thirl* 
stane Castle, Berwickshire. 

Lord Hi^h Commissioner: — Earl of Stair, K.T., Brooks's Club, S.W. , Loch* 
iveh, Stranaer, Wigtonshire, and Oxenford Castle, Midlothian. 

I^rd Justice General: — Rt. Hon. John Inglis, 30, Abercromby Place, Edin- 
burgh. 

Lord Advocate: — Rt. Hon. G. Young, i. New-street, Spring-gardens, and 
Silvcrknowe, Midlothian. 

Solicitor General : — A. Rutherford Clarke, Esq., Edinbuigh. 

Lord Clerk Kegister :—KU Hem. Sir W. Gibson Craig, Bart, Ricarton, Mid- 
lothian. 

Deputy Clerk Register : — W. P. Dundas, Esq., Edinbuigh. 

Commander of the Forces : — Maj.-Gen. R. Rumley. 

Assistant Adjutant General : — Hon. E. Colbome. 

CHIEF OFFICERS OF STATE, IRELAND. 

Lord Lieutenant : — Earl Spencer, K.G., 21, St JamesVplace, S.W., and Al* 

thorpe Park, Northampton. 
Chief Secretary and Keeper of the Privy Seal :--~VX. Hon. Marquis of Hart* 

ington. 
Under Secretary : — T. H. Burke, Esq. 
Chief Clerk :—R. N. Matheson, Esq. 

State Steward: — Viscount St. Lawrence, 26, Queen's-gate, W. 
Private Secretary : — Hon. G. Dillon. 
Chamberlain: — Hon. H. Leeson. 
Lord Chancellor: — Rt Hon. Lord O'Hagan, 34, Rutland-square, West 

Dublin, and Rabeney House, Rabeny, Co. Dublin. 
Secretary:—]. Uppington, Esq. 
Master of the Polls : — Rt Hon. J. Sullivan. 

Attorney General : — Rt. Hon. G. R. Barry, 6, Fitrwilliam-square, Dublin. 
Solicitor General : — R. Dowse, Ksq. 

Commander of the Forces: — I x>rd Sandhurst, 18, Grosvenor-gaidens, S.W. 
MUitavy Secretary : — Lieut. Col. E. A, Whitmore. 



HER MAJESTY'S COLONIAL POSSESSIONS. 



AntlguL — Ginamiir and CommaHder-in-Chiif ; — S. B. C. Pine, Kl. Cftoniitl 
Setrrtary, and Kigiilrar Gratrat <•/ Birthi and Dfoths ■.—7.. Donald 

BahammB. — Gtmtmer and CammamUr in Chief, Vite Admirai, 6v. ;— Sir 

Jas. Walker, C.B., K.C.M.G. The Ceiauiat Saraary :— T. Darling, 
BwbodoeB. — Gevemffr ami Cemmandtr-in-Chiif : — KawMin W. Kau->ol), 

C. B. ColiHui Sfcrdary : — A. F. Gore. 
Bermudas.— Cffwrnor and Cemmander-ia-CAit/: — Colontl Sir Thos, Gore 

Browne, C.B., K.C.M.G. Ceionial ^S^m/or^.'—Milo Gerald Kc«ii. 
British Columbia.— tJOTwwff/-.'— Anthony MusErave. Celoniai Stcrrtary; — 

Commander Philip J. Hawkins, ICN. 
Britisb Guiana. — Gavcmor .-—Scott. Gof^rHment Sarilttry :—l. M. Clnmt. 
Canada Cnvmar Omra/.— Rt. Hon. Loid Li^ar, G.C.H.U,. K.CB. 

CettrHor'i Secr/taiy : — Denis Godlqr. 
Cape of Good Hope.— Coimwr.— Sir 11. Barkley, K.CB, Obniai Stt- 

rftary, R. Soiilhcy. 
Ceylon.— CoHnur, SirH, G. R. Robinson Kt., K.CM.C. Ct^nial Seen- 

tary, H. T. Irving. 
Dominica.— Zim/ffliiR/ Gtrveraor, S. Fretting. Coionial Sarttajy, G. H. A. 

Porter. 
Falkland Islands.-^ Onvniiir, Colonel 0. D'Arcy. Celoniai Secrclary, H. 

Byng. 
Oibraltar.—Ginvmirr-, General Sir F. Williams, Bart., K-CB, Cohmal Stc- 

rUary, CoL R. S. Baynes. 
Grenada. — Liaitatamt GaDemor, Major R. M. Mundy. Colonial Secretary, 

S. Mitchell. 
Heligoland. — Gavertter, Lieutenant-Colonel H. Fiuhardinge B. Moxse. 

Gai/ernmenl Srtrelory, H. Gothe. 
Hondims. — Lieutenant Governor, W. W, Cairns, Colonial Secret<\ry, 

C. B. H. Mitchell. 
Hong Kong.— GiTWrnw, Sir R. G. Mac Donncll, C.B. The Colonial &erc- 

tary, J. G. Austin. 
Jamaica.— rn/Uain General and GaaemoT-in- Chief, Sir John Peter Gmnt. 

Colonial Secretary, The Hon. E. E, Rushworth, D.C. L. 
l,abaaa.~-Covernor, H. E. Bulwer, C.M.G. Secretary. ]. S. Clark. 
Malta — Caivmar, Lieulenant^eneral Sir P. Grant, G.C.M.G. Secrefar}; Sir 

Victor Houlton, G.C.M.G., M.A. 

UaniitiuB Governor, H. A. Gordon. Colonial Secretary, K. Newton. 

MOQtserrat. — President Adminitteriag tit Coi'ernment, R. F. Sheriff, Colonial 

Secretary, James Meade. 
NataL — Lieutenant Governor, Robert William Keate. Colonial Secretary, >Ion. 

U. Erskine. 




XXX Our Ocean Highways. 

Newfoundland. — Gcvemor^ Commander'in'Chirf and Vice AdmiraJ, Colonel 
Stephen J. Hill, C.B. Colonial Secretary^ Jolm Bemister. 

New South Wales. — Govfrnor^ The Earl of Belmore. Premier and Colonial 
Secretary ^ The H<ti. Chas. Cowper, C.M.G. 

New Zealand. — Governor^ Sir George Ferguson Bowen, G. C.M.G. Colonial 
Secretary^ W. Gistome. 

Prince Edward Island. — Lieutenant Goventor, Wm. C. F. Robinson. 

Colonial Secretary, T. Heath Haviland. 

Queensland. — Governor, Marquess of Normanby. Cranial Secrdeay^ Aithnr 
Hodgson. 

St. Christopher, Nevis, and Anguilla. — Lieutenant Governor, The Hod. 
F. Spenser Wigley. Secretary to Government, C. M. Eldridge. Colonial 
Secretary, R. Murray Rumsey. 

St. Helena. — Governor, Admiral Patey. Colonial Secretary, Hudson R. 
Janisch. 

St. Lucia. — Administrator of the Government, and Colonial Secretary^ G. W. 
Des Voeux. 

St. Vincent. — Lieutenant Governor, George Berkeley. Colonial SeereUaj, 

Edward Labarde. 

South Australia. — The Gat'ernor-in-Chie/y His Excellency Rt. Hon. Sir J. 
Ferguson, Bart. Chief Secretary, Hon. W, Milne. 

Straits Settlements. — Governor, His Excellency Major General Sir H. St 
George Ord, C.B., R.K, Kt. Colonial Secretary, J, W. W. Birch. 

Tasmania.— <7(t?i'^/f<>r, Chas. Du Cane. Colonial Secretary, J. M. Wilson. 

Tobago. — Lieutenant Governor, C. H. Kartright Colonial Secrdofy^ 

Samuel H. Hill. 

Trinidad. — Gffi*ernar and Commander-in-Chief, J. R. Longden, C.M.G. 
Colonial Secretary, J. S. Bushe. 

Turks and Cairos Islands. — President Administering the Gevemmenl, Capt 
Milford Campbell. Colonial Secretary, A. C. Lawe. 

Victoria. — Govemor-in-Chief, Captain General and Vice Admiral of Victoriat 

Chief Secretary, The Hon. Sir J. McCullodi. 

Virgin Islands. — President, Alexander Wilson Moir. 

Western Australia. — Governor F. A. Weld. Colonial Secreta^^ Fred. P. 
Barlec. 

West African Settlements. — Governor and Commander-in-Chiefs Sir A. £. 
Kennedy. Colonial Secretary, Captain J. H. Kendall. 

The Gambia. — Administrator, H. Anson. Secretary, H. Fowler. 

Gold CosLSt-^Administralor, H. T. Usher. Confidential Cltrh, H. S. 

Blissett. 

L,aLgos.— Administrator, Commander J. H. Glover. Chief Clerk^ Walter 
Lewis. 



Otir Ocean Highways. 



FOREIGN AMBASSADORS IN LONDON. 



Aiutti*. — CounI Rudolph Ai>ponyi, i8, Btlgrave-square, S,W. 

B^Tuia.— Count Ferdinand ile Hompesch, 15. Half Moon-slrect, W. 

Belgium. — Banm tie Bcaulieu. 43, UpjJcr Brook-slreel, Grosvenor-stiuarc, W. 

Bniil— J. C. de Almeida Areas, 30, Maiulield.&tieel, W. 

Cbili.— Don Alberto Blcsl Gana, 18, GloncestCT-gaidcns, Bajiwaler, W. 

ColombiA.— Jos>( Maria Torres Carccdo, Hotel Brabant, Bnissels. 

Costa Ricai.— -Cirloi Gattieru, Cornwall House, Carlton-raad, TufTuell-park 

Wat. N. 
Denmark.— Lieut. -Gen. J. de Bulow, 6*. Wimpolc-slreel, W. 
France. — Duke dc Broglic, Knroch Embassy, Albert Gate. 
Greece — Petei Bioilas Atmeni, 3, Cadogan-place. 
Haytl.— General Saloman, 11, Brougliioii-square. 
Honduras.— Carlos Gullicrei, Comnall House, Carlton- road, TulTnclI-pnrk 

West. N. 
Italy. — Cavaliere Cario Cadoma, 30, Hill-street, Berkeley-square, W. 
Netherlands. — Baron Gericke de Herwynen, 14, Lower Berkeley-street, W. 
Nicaragua. — Don Josj de Mercaleta, i. Regent-street, S.W. 
Penia.— General Hadji Mohsin Khan, 6, The Terrace, Kensington -gardens- 
Peru. — Don Pedro Galvei, 39, Gloucester-place, Fortman-square, W. 
PortugaL— The Doke of Saldanha, 12, Gloucester-place, Foitman-square, W. 
PruMia and North German Confederation. — Baron Bemslorfi, 9, Carlloo- 

honsc-terrace. S.W. 

Rnaaia Baroo de Brunnow, Chesham House, Belgrave-square, S.W. 

Salvador. — Genend Don Fedro Romulo Negrete, I, Brunswick-square, W.C. 
Sazoity. — Baron Fabrics, Crosvenor Hotel. 

Spain. — Don Manuel Ranoes y Villanueva, 44, Hertford -street. May Fair. 
Sweden and Norway.- Baron Hochschild, 3. Great Cumberland-place. W. 

Turkey Masurui Pasha, i, Bryanstone-square, W. 

United Statei.— General Schenck. 

CONSULS. 

America.— Cmw/ Atuni/, Gen. Adam Bodean, 15, Lower Belgrare-strect, 
S.W., and I, Dunster-conrt, Mineing-lane, E.G. 

Arfentine Republic. — Mannaduke Blake Sampson, i, George- 

street, Maoaon-faouse, E.C. 




Our Ocean Highmays. 



. — Consul General^ Sir Anthony de Rothschild, Bart., 2, Grosvenor- 
houses, Hyde-park-comer, W., and 29, St. Swithin's-lanc, KC. 

— Consul y Hermann Simson, Lombard-house, Geoiige-yard, Lombard- 
E.C. 

I. — Consul General, Richard Brandt, Palmerston-buildings, Bishops- 
treet, E.C. 

n . — Octave Dalepiene, F. A. L. , L. D. , 35, Hawley-plaoe, 

.-hill, W., and 60, Paternoster-row, E.C. 

—Vice Consul, Luiz Augustus da Costa, 2, Great St Helen's, E.C 

Consul, Thomas Kynaston Weir, 19, Gloucester-crescent, Hyde-pari^ 
nd 2, Grcsham-house, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

>ia. — Vice Consul, James L. Hart, F.R.G.S., 20, Pembridge-square^ 
park, W. 

Mca. — Consul General, Seiior Juan A. L. Sachem, 8, Hampstead-hill- 
is, N.W., and 4, Lime-street, E.C. 

rk. — Consul General, A. Westenhobz, K.D., 42, Great Tower-street, 

T. — Consul General, F. T. Barry, i, Adelaide-place, London-brid^ 

— Consul General, Vte. de Vallet, 7, Tavistock-street, Bedford-aqnare^ 
\, Finsbury-circus, E.C. 

— Consul General, Michael Spartalle, The Shrubbery, CIapham*O0Bi- 
ind 25, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

lala Republic. — B. Isaac, 102, Piccadilly, W., and 3, 

lester-buildings, Great Winchester-street, £.C. 

-Consul General, Manley Hopkins, 4, Royal Exchange-buildings, E.C 
ak-hill, Hampstead, N.W. 

Darmstadt. — Consul General, Geoige Worms, 17, Park-crescent, 
, and I, Austin-friars, E.C. 

ras. — Consul General, Gustavus Kettengell, 118, Leadenhall-street, 

Consul General, Baron Heath, F.R.S., F.S.A., F.R.G.S., 66, Rnssen* 
\, W.C, and 31, Old Jewry, E.C. 

. — Consul General, David Chinery, 30, Gracechurch-street, E.C 

. — Consul General, Don Carlos Pedro Schaeflfer, 4, Old Adam's-oouit, 
road-street, E.C., and 3, Pclham-crescent, Brompton, S.W. 

lands. — Consul Getieral, John William May, 2oi, Great St Hekn'% 

rua Republic. — Consul General, James L. Hart, F.R.G.S., 20^ Feiil* 
ssquarc, and 3, St. HclenVplace, E.C. 

German Confederation. — Herman Carl Wilke^ 4, Vmt 

m-street, E.C. 

ay. — Consul General, B. B. Greene, 25, Kensington-] 
nd 15, Philpot-lane, KC. 



Our Oilcan Highwi^'s. xxxiii 

Peraia,— CoHjif/iSnuni/, ThomuKeir Lynch, 179, Great Towcr-streel, E.G., 

anJ 31, Clevcland-sqoare, W. 
Peru — Consul, Den Manuel At la Quiniluuk, II, Gowcr-strecl, Bedfotd- 

«4U»re, W.C. 
Poitunl. — Censn} General, Viscount Dupral, 4G, PiIace-gBrdeiu-tenace, W. 

and \ St. Maiy Aic, E.C. 
Russia. — Cimail General, Alexander de Berg, 15, R^enl-strect, S.W., and 

33, Great Winehesler-slreel, E.G. 
8>lntdor. — Consul, Jimei L. Hart, ao, Pcinbridge-square, Ilyde-park, W. 
Gut Domingo. — CvhshI General, E^w. Herz.bei« Manvart, 130, Piccuulillv, 

W.. and 10, Budge-row. E.C. 
Siun.—Cffnru/, D. Mason King, 5, Gieat Wincheiler-street-lmildinBS, E.G., 

and 4D, Sackville-slreet, W. 
Spain. — Ceasul General, Don Urbano Monlejoy Aquilano, 155, Fenchurch- 

itreel, E.C. 
Sweden and Norwajr.—CffMJH/ (rfiuro/. Theodore WiUenliog, 13. Albert- 
mansions, Vicloria-^reet, S.W., and 1, Aldennan's-walk, New Broad -.slreel, 

E.C. 
Swltzerland.~G»>i»/ Grirm/, Albert Streckeisen, 115, Piceadllly, W., and 

7, Great Wilvehtiter-itreet-buildinEs E.C. 
■ Turkey. — Cettml General, M. Paul Godban, 70 and Tt, Bishopseate-street- 

wilhin, E.C, 
Urupiay.— Cofuw/ General, E. B. Weill, 17, Craven-street, Strand, W.C. 
Veneiuela — F. L. Davis, m, Chepstow- villas, Bayswater, W., 

35, King-street, Gheapside, E.C., and 502, Oxford-street, W.C. 
Woitemburg.— Cntm/, Sigismund Cahlmann, K.H.F., &c, i8. New Broad- 

stnet, EG. 
The Elfish Ambassadors, Charges des Aflaires, and Consuls resident abroad 
will be fbund under the place of residence in the Gaietleer. 



PASSPORTS. 

Travellers who desire to avoid delay, trouble, or unnecessary expense, can 
obtain their passports through the agency of Mr. E. Stanford, 6 and 7, Charing 
Cniss, who will see thai eveiything neee^^sary is done in procuring the proper 
visa for the journey, in which case it will be necessary <o forward him the letter 
of appliolion, or apprise him by letter or othenvise, (hat such letter of recom- 
meoiation, or certificate of identity, has been duly forwarded to the Forei™ 
Office ; he will then take immediate steps to procure the passport atid the 
necessaiy vistu, &c. 

Bf Ikii arrangement parlies residing in the Country are sailed the trouble ef 
coming sfeeially to London for thai furfiase, as U can bt foi-warded to them fy 
fett (en ngU). 

Fee for obtaining passport. Is. 6d. ; ditto for each visa. Is. Passport cases, 
from Is. 6d. to 6s. Name lettered in gold, is. Office Hour! from S a. m. 
to 7 p. m., Saturday 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. 

if the letter of recommendation is from a banker, it must be under the seal of 
tJte ianier or bonJang eitailithment fy tohoat it is issued ; if a cerliJSeale of iden- 
tity from a mayor, magistrate, juttiee oflhtfeacc, minister ofrtligion, physician. 



/ 



xxxiv Our Ocean Highways. 

surgeon, solicitor, or notary — such certificate must bear the signatmre of the person 
on whose behalf the certificate is granted. 

Foreign Office passports are gninted upon the application or reoommendiUioii 
of any banker or banking establishment in any part of the United Kingdom^ 
which application must be enclosed under cover and seal of the establishment^ 
and directed to Her Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign AflEurSy in foxm as 
follows : — 

"My Lord, (place and date) 

" We request that your Lordship will authorise the grant o£ a 

"Passport forgoing to (country) to A. B., 

"a British Subject (or a naturalised British Sulyect), residing at 

, , ^coomT^asiLXtA hy (as the case may be) 






** We have the honour to be, 
" My Lord, 
" Your most obedient servants. 



(( 



Her Majesty's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. " 



Note. — When the various members of a family travel together, they may he 
included in one passport, but the degree of relationship should be stated: fir exam» 

pie — " Mr. (the Christian as well as surname must be given infitU)^ ^wwr 

"/t? India, accompanied by his wife and sons, and detugkten^ wkk 

" woman servants (if any), all British subjects,^* If attemud bv a mom 

sen'ant his name in full must be stated, and he must be a British sutyect ; ^ a 
foreigner, he must obtain a passport from his own Government, Friends trgvd" 
ling in company, although not rdated, may also be included in one passport; btU 
in this case, each of their names and addressa should be given in the applkattom 

Ami in order that every possible facility may in future be afforded to all per- 
sons who require a passport, and in cases where an application for the same 
through a banker may be inconvenient, or inaccessible, paiticolar attention is 
called to the following Notice issued from the Foreign Office, April 21, 1858: 

Notice is hereby given that, in order to facilitate still further tne obtaining of 
passports by British subjects desiring to proceed to the Continent, passports will 
henceforth be issued to any Briti£ subject who shall produce or send to the 
Passport Department of the Forei^ Office, or to any one of the under>nien* 
tioned agents at the outports, a certificate of his or her identity, signed bj any 
mayor, magistrate, justice of the peace, minister of religion, physidan, suigeoOy 
solicitor, or notary, resident in the United Kingdom. Every such certmcite 
must bear the signature of the person on whose behalf it is granted ; and when 
it is forwarded to the Foreign Office by post it must — if it be required that the 
passport should be sent by return of post to the person who granted the certifi- 
cate, in order that he may deliver it to the applicant for the passport — ^be aoom- 
panicd by a Post-office order for the amount of the fee ; or, if forwarded bj post 
to an agent at an outport, the postage must be prepaid. But an agent at an 
out)x>rt will only deliver passports to persons applying for them there^/imMMi/^, 
in pursuace of such certincate, and will not send them by post to any pemns 
whatever. The application for the passport, if addressed to " Her Majestfs 
Secretary of State, Foreign Office, London, should have the word "Jh^port'^ 
conspicuously written upon the cover. 

The Form of Application to be used by Banking Bstabliihmetits 
will be as heretofore, and is given in the preceding Fags. 



0»r Ocean Highways. 



REGULATIONS RESPECTING PASSPORTS. 

" I. ApplicationJ for Foicim Office passjiorls musl be made in vriling, and 
codoMd in a cover oddresseii lo '"Mr CAr^ C/rri, Fortign Offict, Londen" 
viilli Ihc word " Jhafari " conspicucrasly nrillen on the cover. 

" 2. The cha4^e on [he issue of a passport, whatever niunber of pemos may 
be Darned in it, is 2s. ; uid if it it desinnl that thi^ passport should be seut b; 

Clh«t sum most be fonraided with the «pplicaiion for the paupoit by a 
-office order, 'made payable al the FostniSice, Charing Crosi, London, to 
'•/if Ckiff CUri n/lit FarHgn O^ct, Franeu B. AtsleH, Esq." Postage 
itainps will not be received in payment. 

" 3. Fordgn Office paioports are granted only lo British-hem suhjirls, or to 
mch foieigtien as have bet^ime natHtalited either by Act of Parliament or by a 
certificate of natumlisalioa granted by the Secretary of Slate for the Home 
Depanment. When the party is a naturaHud British luijirl, he will lie so 
dcN£nated in his passport ; and if his certificale of natui^liation be dated 
nb^cquently tu the 34th of August, 1E50, and previously to the tst of August, 
1858, hb pasq>otl wiO be tnarked as good for otuyear only; or should the cer- 
tificate b« dated subtequcntly to the 1st of August, 185^ hit jnupoit will in 
that case be marked as good for six moHlhi enly, except in caws where a 
license for a longer period of residence abroad ha.', been granted by the Secre- 
tary of State for the Home Department ; but this regulation will not picclude 
any person whom it affects from obtaining at the Ford^ Office, at any future 
time, on his producing his old passport, afresh passport m exchange for it for a 
further limited period, without being required to pay a fresh chatge. A Foreign 
Office passport gmnlol to a BrilUA-iern luijcct, or to a natHra/iieJ British 
mtyfct who has been naturalised by Act of Parliament, or whose certificate of 
namratiulion is dated previously to the a4th of August, 1850, is not limited in 
'"' :, but is available for any lime, or for any number of journeys to the 



"4. Pajsport* are granted to all persons either known to the Secretary of 

State, or recommended ' '' ' . ..- 1 _...-. 

tbe application of any bi 



ided lo him by some person who is known to him ; 
jiy baHtiagfirm established in Ij 



" 5. If the applicant for a passport be a naluraliseii British ntbjttl, hi? certi- 
ficale of naluiahsation, with his signature subscribed to the oath printed on 
the third page of it, must be forwarded lo the Foreign Office with the certificate 
of identity granted on his behalf; and his certificale of naturalisation will be 
returned with the passport to the person who may have granted the certificale 
of identity, in order thai he may cause such nalHralued Britiih mbjttl to sign 
the passport in his presence. The agents at ihe oulports are tint authorised lo 
grant passports to naturalised British tuijfcli ; and such persons, if resident in 
London or in the suburbs, must apply ffrtunatly for their passports at the 
Foreign Office. 

"6. Passports ark issiiei> at the Foreign Office hetweek thk 
hours of 1 1 and 4 on the day following that on which the al'l'l.t- 

CATION FOR THE PASSPORT HAS BEEN RECEIVED AT THE FOREIGN OfUCB 1 



xxxvi Our Ocean Highways. 

but the passports will be issued at the outports immediately on application 
accompanied by the production of a certificate of identity, within such hours 
as may be fixed with regard to the convenience of persons desirous of embarking 
for the Continent. 

** 7. A passport cannot be sent by the Foreign Office, or by an agent at an 
outport, to a person already abroad ; such person, being a British^bom suijtcty 
should apply for one to the nearest British mission or consulate. A passpoit 
cannot be issued abroad to a naturalised British subject^ except for a direct jour- 
ney to England, or, in the case of a colonial naturalised subject^ for a jooraey 
back to the colony where he has been naturalised. Neither can a passport 
granted at the Foreign Office to a naturalised British subject for a limited period 
be renewed by Her Majesty's diplomatic or consular agents in foreign 
countries, but only at the Foreign Office. 

** The bearer of every passport granted by the Foreign Office should sign his 
passport as soon as he receives it ; without such si£;nature, either the visa may 
be refused or the validity of the passport questioned abroad. Travellers aboat 
to proceed to France, Germany, Russia, Turkey, and Portugal, can have their 
passports visSd at the under-mentioned places respectively : — For France, at 
the French consulate, 38, Finsbury-circus ; for Germany, at the consulate, 
4, London-street, City ; for Russia, at the Russian consulate, 32, Great Win- 
chester-street ; for Turkey, at the Turkish embassy, Bryanstone-square ; and 
for Portugal, at the Portuguese consulate, 5, Jeffi:«y's-square. Travellers about 
to proceed to Austria, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, 
and Norway, need not obtain the visa of the diplomatic or consular agents 
of these countries, respectively resident in the United Kingdom. 

N.B. — Travellers who may have any intention of visiting the Russian 
Empire at any time in the course of their travels, are particularly and 
earnestly advised not to quit England without having had their passports 
visAi at the Russian consulate in London. 

Model Form of certificate of identity to be written out in full, signed and 
sealed by the person giving ity and also by the person in whose behalf it is granttd, 

(Date of place and day of the month) 

** The undersigned mayor of {magistrate, justice of the peace, minister^ pky* 

* sician, surgeon, solicitor, or notary, as the case maybe), residing at 

'* hereby certifies that A, B. (Christian and Sumanu to be written at lengtk\ 

•* whose signature is written at foot, is ^. — ] -^ !'."'"".". and requires a 

a naturalised Bntish subject, 

" Passport to enable him jg_P"x»ed to (accompanied [as the eate 

to travel on the Contment, 
" May be] by his wife attd children, with their tutor, tuimed C, D, (Christian and 

** Surname to be written at length), - — ^ " f" {^* '.".'""[''' '' and governess^ 

a naturalised British subject, 

** and maidservant [or servants], and manservant [or servants], named £, P,^ a 

" British subject [or subjects], and a courier ^ named G, IL^ a naturalised Briisk 

" subject, 

"(Signed) 

'* (Seal.) (With the usual signature.) 

" Signature of the above-named 



< 



Our Ocean Higktoays. 



POREION OFFICE PASSPORT AOBNTS at the OUTPORTS. 



Btlll, Isuc Willkms, Esq. 
BliUViT, John Proton, Esa. 
BtUnxcMAM.Geotge R. Collis, Y^. 
Du\'U, Samael M. Latham, E^. 
Dt-BUS, \V. D. Handeock, E™. 
FotJEKSToXK, H. S. WbJImc, Esq. 
VuuT (ittiMSIiv, C. Benninglon, 

<;mmt YjtR«ot;TH, F. Darbr Pal- 

HA«Wlnl75lnerJ. WiHiajns, Esq. 
IflfU, Ccorn C. Roberta, Esq. 
LtVTMlioL, W. Groom, Esq. 



LoM 

lJ)WESTO>T, B, 'M. Ilmdbeer, Esq. 

Manchester, John Sudlow, Esq. 
Newcastle- UFOK-TVHE, E. Glyaa, 

Nkwhaven, F. G. Turner, Elsq. 

QUEENSTOWN (CoKK), Wm. C. .Sey- 
mour, Esq., H, BIyth Ham- 
mond. Esq. 

SoiiTiiAMFTONj.E.LeFeuvre.Esq. 

Swansea, Cuorgc G. Francis, Esq. 

"' I Richiid Hare, E*j. 



Menoorandm to be allendcd lo by Bankers and others sending leiteis 
of AppIicAtion to the Foreign Office for Passports. 

"I, — The application for i Foreign Office pa-iBport thoiihl, for the sake of 
officii! convenience, be maiie on a tialf-shecl of piper, and be folilcd in lliree 
parts ; und il should be either delivered at the Forei^ OHicc, or |io<:IetI in a. 
itampai Cover sufficiently early lo ensure its being delivered before iix <fi!mi in 
tlie afternoon. 

"t— The cover inclosine the application MUST BE SEALED WITH 
THE SEAL OF THE FIRM, addrtsscd to Her Majesl/s Secrctaiy of 
Stale, with the woid " Passfcrt" conspicaonsly written upon i(. 

" X. — Sepakate Afflications are necessary when separate passports are 
required ; bat any nnmbcT of appHiations may be enclosed in the same cover. 

" 4 — The name of any particular country or place to which the traveller is 
proceeding, with theview of residing /nTH^iwn/^ or/iy aHy Itngtk cflime l/ierein, 
should be specifically mentioned in the application ; but when a passport for 
traveling on the Continent generally is required, then that object should be sa 
Mated. 

" J. — The application must state the name or rumes to be inserted in the 

Oorl ; io the case, however, of a gentleman travelling with his wife nnd 
y, it is only necessary lo give the name or title oi the wife when it cliffers 
from the name or litlt of the husband ; the number of sons and daughters re- 
spectively, and the number of the women servants \ but the name of each man- 
sierta.n\.(iiiko mutt tea Britiik tiibpct)'nias,\.'ix given in full, in order that it 
may be inserted in the passport 

" 6. — Servants and others deputed lo call al the Foreigri OfEce for passports 
previously applied for should attend at the office as soon after flfvm v'lloik a.1 
possible ; and all such attendants must present tu the passport clerk a niemor- 
' kling the name of the per^ion for whom the passport is required, and 
..._ L ,..j ,._ :. L... ....__ .u requiring a 

mend at ihe 



xxxviii Our Ocean Highways. 

** 7. — Bankers arc requested to refrain from sending with their applications 
any letters which they may have received from their correspondents soliciting 
their intervention to procure passports ; and they are further requested to assist 
in making it generally known, that it is particularly desired that every person 
should abstain from forwarding with his banker's application any explanatory 
letter or paper from himself; the application itself must specify every particnlar 
required to be inserted in the passport. 

** 8. — Parties recommending persons for Fore^ Office passports will be con- 
sidered as having thereby undertaken to vouch for their general character, en- 
titling them to the protection of the British Government, and, accoidindy, if 
well-founded suspicion shall ever arise that any party has, through laxity of 
practice or principle, been the means of obtaining a passport for an objection* 
able individual, no application from such party will subsequently be attended to 
at the Foreign office. 
Foreign Office, 

(It is earnestly recommended that these Instructions be carefully attended to, 
as the best means of preventing delay or disappointment in obtaining the pass- 
ports.) 

Notice in Respect to Passports when Abroad. — As eveiy police 
official abroad is authorized to inspect it, the passsport must, under all circum- 
stances be carried about the person. To protect it from the effects of constant 
friction it is desirable to have it Iwund in a pocket-book, which should contain 
some blank leaves to receive the Visas^ as the official signatures are termed, 
and with the traveller's name, so that he may easUy distinguish it from the 
others. 

When desirous of leaving a seaport abroad, in some cases, the traveller most 
obtain a permit from the authorities ; should the passport be in proper fonn 
however, this is instantly given on applicatilon. 



BRITISH POST OFFICE REGULATIONS, 

In connection with Mails to Foreign Countries. 

Night Mails from London^ and Mails for the Chatmd Islands^ Sally 
IshvidSy Isle of Matty Orktuy and Shetland Islands. 

Night Mails from London. 

These mails leave the General Post Office at 8 P.M., and arrive at all im- 
portant towns in England and Wales (with the one exception of Falmonth), in 
time for a morning delivery, commencing before 9 A. M. 

The arrival at Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Dumfries, is also in time for a de- 
livery before 9 A.M. 

Mails for the Channel Islands, Jersey, Guernsey, Aldemey, and Saric, are 
conveyed by steamers to and from Southampton. The despatches and arriTals 
are as follows : — 

Despatch fkom London. Dblivsky im Lonoox. 



Monday evening. 
Tuc^ay evening. 
V^ednesday evening. 



Thuraday evening. 
Friday evening. 
Samrday afternoon. 



Monday morningi 
Tuesday morning. 
Wednesday morning. 



Thunday 



Frida 



oay nwnuaiL 
uraay morau 



Saturaay 



Otir Ocean Higkmays. 



Sarii U wrved from Guermey, and letleis are forvruiled to lllis Island on the 
iv«Ta(^ five times in a foTtnight. 

Mails for the Scilly Islands ore conveyed by fteiraer from Peniance al noon 
after ihe arrivaJ of the London mail on Wednesdays and Saturdays ; and from 
Scilly to Penzance on Mondays and FHdayii, in time for the night mail to 
IfudDD, during the months of October, November, December, January, 
, February, and March. From Peniance during the months of Apnl, May, 
June, July, August, and September, on Tuesdays and Thurslays at noon, after 
the arrival of the Ixlndon mail, and on Saturdays al z P.M., returning from 
Seil^ on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays, in time for the Night mail to 

When the weather is (avounible, the time occupied in the passage is about 
fau hours. 

Maili to and from the lile of Man arc conveyed by steamers between 
LivCTpool and Douglas daily (Sundays emepied) from \st Junt to Tpth &pitm- 
ta, in May and October fmr rimes weekly, and during the remainder of the 

Cu- tAr/r tiiHCl weekly. There i:t also one communication weekly between 
•erpool imd Ramsey, Isle of Man. 

Mails to and from the Orkney Islands are conveyed daily (excepting Sun- 
day) from ThuTW at 9.40 A-M., and &om Stromnea. at 4.4S A.M. 

Mails to and from the Shetland Islands are conveyed from Aberdeen every 
Friday evming, arriving at Lerwick on Sunday morning ; and returning from 
Lerwick to Aberdeen every Monday at 6 and 10 v.is, alternately. 

Z.ettcn for Puaenfcia en board Mall Packet!. 

Letters for paraengets on boaid the Cunard and Inman packets for America 
touching at Qucenstown, or on board the Mediterranean packets about to sail 
from Southampton with the mails for India, Australia, China, &c may be 
posted in any {Mut of the United Kingdom up 10 the time at which ordinary re- 
gistered letters for America, &c. by the same packets are received. They must 
be registered, and Che postage and rwistration fee must be fully prepaid, and 
they must be addressed to the care of me commander of the packet 

Letters for passengers on board the Canadian packets touching at London- 
derry may, under simdar conditions, be posted up to the same lime as ordinary 
registered letten for Canada^ These must be addressed to the care trf the officer 
in charge of the mails. 

The letters should be addressed thus : " Mr. , on board the mail 

packet for , at Queenstown [Londonderry or Southampton]. Care of the 

officer in charge of the mails," or " Care of the commander of the packet, " as 
the case may be. 

Letters directed to the care of the packet agent at Sue2, and despatched by 
the mail via Brindlti which follows the mail via Southampton, will probably 
readi paitengers for India, &c-, who have sailed in the packet from South- 
ampton. 

Letters " To be called for." 

The Poste Restante being intended solely for the accommodation of strangers 
and travellers who have no permanent abode in London, letters for residents in 
London must not be addressed " Post Office till called for." Letters addressed 
to " initials " or " fictitious names " at the Poste Restanle, or any district or 
branch office, are returned to the writers. Letters may not be redirected from 
a private addreu to the Poste Restante. 

Letun for stnuigeis ore delivered Irom the Poste Restante at the General 



xl Our Ocean Highways. 

Post Office, and at the Charing Cross Branch Post Office, for a period of two 
months ; after which period they must be addressed to the place of residenoe^ 
in order that they may be sent by the letter-carriers. Letters for known resi* 
dents in London, addressed to the '* Poste Restante," either at the General Post 
Office or at the Charing Cross Branch Post Office, are delivered there for one 
week only, after which they are sent out by the letter-carrier to the applicant's 
place of residence. 

Letters addressed "Post Office, London,*' or " Poste Restante, London," 
are delivered onl)^ at the Poste Restante Office, General Post Office, St. 
Martin's-le-Grand, between the hours of 9 A.M. and 5 P.M. ; and such letters as 
are addressed " Poste Restante, Charing Cross," will be delivered to stiangen 
at the Charing Cross Branch Office, subject to the same regulations as those in 
force with regard to letters for the Poste Restante, St. Martin's-le-Grand. No 
letters are permitted to be addressed '* To be called for" at the other district or 
branch offices ; any so directed will be sent to the Poste Restante, Charing 
Cross, from offices in the Western districts of London, viz., the W., S.W,, 
W.C., and N. W. districts ; and to the Poste Restante, St Martin's-le-G^nnd, 
from the offices in the other districts. 

All persons applying for letters at the Poste Restante must be prepared to 
give the necessary particulars to the clerk on duty, in order to prevent mistakes, and 
to ensure the delivery of the letters to the persons to whom thev properly belong. 

If the applicant for the letters be a subject of the United Kii^om he ninit 
be able to state from what place or district he expects letters before he can re> 
ceive them, and to produce some proof of identification ; and if he sends for his 
letters, the me^isengcr, besides being furnished with this information, must have 
a written authority to receive them. If the applicant be a foreigner, he must 
produce his passport ; or, if he send for his letters, the messenger must fmxlaoe 
It. Subjects of states not issuing passports are treated as subjects of the United 
Kingdom. 

letters from abroad addressed " Post Office," " Poste Restante, London," 
or '* Poste Restante, Charing Cross, London," are retained for two months at 
the }*oste Restante. Provincial letters similarly addressed are retained one 
month, and Town letters one fortnight ; at the end of these periods re sp ec ti v d y 
all such letters are sent to the returned letter office, to be disposed of in & 
usual manner. 

The letter receivers in the London district are not required to take diaige 
of letters to be called for ; but they are permitted to do so (and also to chaige a 
fee for the accommodation), provided that the persons seeking such aooom- 
modation arc known to them or have previously made application in the 
matter — satisfying the receiver that legitimate use will be made of the privilege. 
When, however, letters for strangers are presented without the receiver's con- 
sent having l)een first obtained ; or, where there is reason to suspect that the 
receiving house is being made to serve improper ends, the recnver will, as a 
matter of course, refuse to take them in. Letters may not be re-directed from 
from one receiving house to another in the London district. 

When letters arc intended to be called for at the General Post Office, the 
words ** To l)e called for" should be added to the address; otherwise such 
letters arc sent round in the first instance to the several departments of the 
Cieneral Post Office, to ascertain whether they are intended for any of the 
officers, and therefore may not be at hand when applied for. 

Newspapers to Russia* 

It is forbidden to introduce into Russia, through the post, political 



Our Ocean Highways. 



papCTs, even in rovei 
p«rvins [eliding in J 
by sabsctibiag for them at oae of Ihe Kusskn post offices. This prohibiliiiil 
does DOt| however, ea.tcml to political newspapera or any other pabf 
dreucd to mcmtjers of the Royal Family of Russia, the Imperial m 
members of the diplomatic corps. The admi<^on intu Russia ereu of news- 
papen out of a political cluuactct, is permitted only when they ore addressed 
to (he house of same established bookseller, to Ihe hit;her KchooK to Ihe Im- 
perial Public Libiaiy, or to the Academy of Science* in Russia. Printed price:. 
current, howcvec. a wcti as printed circuUn, in covers open at the ends or 
Mdo^ ate allowed lo be addressed to any persoas residing in Russia. 

Weight of Letters to Oermany. 

According to the re^uUfions of the North German Confcdemtion, no letter 
exceeding 50 ^^ranunes (a Utile more than ll 01.) in n'eighl, and containing any 
other enclosure I hui paper, can be allowed to circulate by the post. Any 
letters, therefore, fottvarOed in the mail to I'russia above that weight, and con- 
taioing any other enclosure than paper, will be liable, on their arrival al the 
PrusisD frontier, lo be stopped, and sent (o the Cusloin house for delivery as 
fraghl. 

TranBiiiissian of Jewellery, £c., to Spain, Belgium, Turliey, and 
Costa Rica. 

Tn.' 'lA - . r .-■ filili'.- ■■ 1. I. V ihe po^I wilhin that country of 

!.:;:■ ■.,■'■ _ ■.tllfiy, or other nnides of value, 

iriiich are liable to customs duties, and the circulation of mon^, jewellery, and 
Other articles of value in letters is also prohibited in Belgium. Any such 
packets, therefore, which may be forwarded in the mails to Spain or Belgium 
will not be delivered, but will be sent back. A similar prohibition, on pain of 
fbriatnTc. is placed upon the transmission of diamonds and other jewels to the 
Ttukiih Empire, and (rf money and jewellery to the Republic of Costa Rica. 

Letters for such places in Turluy and Alia Minor as have hc Amiriait post 
t^fta should be addressed lo Ihe care of an agent residing in the nearest port 
•t which an Austrian post othce has been established. 

It is recommended that any letters for Eneroum and other parts of the in- 
terior of Armenia, or tor Persia, be addressed to the care of some agent at 
Samsoon or Trebiiond, to be forwarded to their destination. 

Money Orders for Abroad. 

^sued at all money order ofHces in the United King- 
tfteat Brilain and Ireland, on Belgium, and Switzerland at the rate of 
lion charged on inland money orders, on money order offices in Alex- 
andria, Cairo, Constantinople, Gibraltar, Malta, and Suez, at a chaise et^ual TO 
threefold the commission on inland money orders, and on money order ofhces 
in the Colonies and British Possessions. 

Sealing Letter* for Abroad. 

The practice of sealing letters passing to and from the East and Wttt India, 
snd other countries with hot climates, with wax (except such as is specially jire- 
piu«d), ii attended with much inconvenience, aitd frequently with serious 



Mongol 




xlii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



injury, not only to the letters so sealed, but to the other letters in tlie Bfail, 
from the melting of the wax, and adhesion of the letters to each other. The 
public are therefore recommended in all such cases to use either wafers or gum, 
and to advise their correspondents in the countries referred to, to do the same. 

Prepayment of Letters Abroad. 

Letters addressed to places abroad may be prepaid in this country either in 
money or stamps, but such payment must be wholly in stamps or wholly in 
money. Newspapers, book-packets, and patterns must always be prepaid, and 
this by stamps. 

Letters by Private Ships. 

Letters intended to be sent by private ship must be addressed " By private 
ship ;" and if by a particular vessel, the name of the ship must be added. The 
postage of a letter by a private ship to Belgium, Belize, Canada, Nova Scotia, 
New Brunswick, Pnnce Edward Island, the United States, and the British 
West Indies is 3d. not exceeding \ oz., and 3d. is charged, in the case of heavy 
letters, for every additional \ oz. ; to the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, St. 
Helena, and Ascension, the postage is 4d. not exceeding \ oz., and 4d. is 
charged for every additional \ oz. ; to France, 3d. is charged for every -J oc. ; 
to Norway, 6d. lor every \ oz. ; to Holland, 8d. not exceeding i oz., is. 4d. 
not exceeding i oz., 2s. 8d. not exceeding 2 ozs., and is. 4d. for every ad- 
ditional ounce ; in all other cases the single rate is 6d., and the postage for 
heavy letters progresses in the same manner as the postage of letters sent by 
mail packets. Letters may be sent unpaid to the following places, vix. : — 
Azores, Belgium, Belize, Britbh West Indies, Canada, Cape die Verds, Cape of 
Good Hope, Ceylon, Fsdkland Islands, France and Algeria, Gibraltar, Gold 
Coast, Holland, Hong-kong, India, Madeira, Malta, Mauritius, Natal, New 
Brunswick, Newfoundland, Norway, Nova Scotia, Portugal, Prince Edwaid 
Island, St. Helena, Sierra Leone, and the United States, those for the Azores, 
Cape de Verds, Madeira, and Portugal being chargeable on delivery with 8d. 
per \ oz., those for France and Algeria 6d. per -j^ oz., those for Norway 8d. per 
\ oz. , and those for the other places (except Holland, which are not chaigeable 
with any addition), one extra rate each ; but to all other places pre-payment is 
compubory. Unpaid letters inward are charged in the same manner as unpaid 
letters outward. 

Book packets and packets of patterns may be sent by ship, at the packet 
rates of postage, to all places where they can be forwarded by mail packeL 

Newspapers by private ships to the Azores, Cape de Verds, Madeira, Nor- 
way, and Portugal must be prepaid 2d. each, and to all other places id. each. 



MONEY TABLE. 



Value, in British Currency, of Moneys of principal Foreign 



AMERICA (U.S.) 

s. d. s. d. 

Eftfflc... 40 8 to 41 o 

Hmlf Eagle so 4 ••• 90 6 

Dollar... ... 4 i^ ... 4 a 



EGYPT. 



Gold New Sequin ... 
Silrer New Ffastre ... 
Onish 



>* 



ft. d. s. d. 

zo I to 10 4 

3 a "• 3 4 

z I ... I 3 



Our Ocean Highways. 



MONEY TABLE UoHlitBuij, 



(Md Un»(d (nsl crnnnO i» o I 
Cold lo- Pane hKC ... 59. 
Silvrr y^cUL .^. ... ... 3 10 . 

BRAZILS. 
(Md Pim, i^wRcu... 3j j t 



II::;: 



G«M MohDt . 



DZNMAKK. 



EAST INDIES. 



HAMBURG AND LUBECK. 



i I " ■; i 



SWEDEN AND NORWAY. 



AUSTRIAN NOTES.— Th. Ai 



RUSSIA Ii muu not U I 

Nolci. hu nf lile yean »rio 
tahcTcu the Silver Rouble a ^1. 



I^deprec 



y in RuAsia. represenled by Rou 



Explanation of (he Currencies of the v. 



BADEN. BAVARIA, and SOUTH GERMANY ... . ITorin = 60 Kreuueis 

AUSTRIA 1 Fterin = looCtnli 

HOLLAND I Florin = .00 Cenis . 

HAMBURG ... , MMkCouranI = .SShil, . 

RUSSIA ■ SiL Rouble = 1=0 Kopecks . 

SPAIN I Dollur = JO Reals . 

PORTUGAL iMUrea = UDoReii . 

GREECE ... 1 Dnduna = 100 I.epu> i 

AMERICA 1 Dollar = 100 CenK . 

Ff^ •■lttMrr,Wtitllti,amditt>uimr/allNati«-i.- London: Susfocd. 



xliv 



Our Ocean Highways. 



WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 



ENGLISH. 



AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 

x6 drachms make i ounce. 

x6 ounces make x poimd. 

38 pAnds make x quarter. 

4 quarters make x hund. wt. 

9o hundred weight ... make x ton. 

X pound is equal to 7000 grain& 

TROY WEIGHT. 

94 grains ... make x pennywdght 

ao pennyweights ... make x ounce. 
X 3 ounces make x potmd. 

X pound equals 5760 grains. 

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT. 

30 grains make x scruple. 

3 scruples make x drachm. 

8 dracnms make x ounce. 

xa ounces make x pound. 

X poimd equals 5760 grains. 



LINEAR MEASURE. 



X3 inches 

3 feet 

54 yards . 
40 poles 

8 furlongs 

I pole 
100 links . 
xo chains . 



••• ••■ 



•*• ••• 



make x foot, 
make z yard, 
make i pole, 
make x furlong, 
make x mile, 
makes 35 links, 
make i chain, 
make x furlong. 



SURFACE MEASURE. 

X44 square inches ... make x square foot 
9 square feet make x square yard. 



SURFACE MEASURE fc^ntunted). 



30^ square yards 
40 square poles 

4 roods 

640 acres 

x6 poles 

xo chains 



make x sqnarepole. 
make z rood, 
make 1 acre, 
make x square nule. 
make x chain, 
make z acre. 



SOLID MEASURE. 

1738 solid inches make z cubic foot. 

37 cubic feet make z cubic yarL 

CAPACITY MEASURE. 

4 gills 



... make z pint. 

... znake z quart. 

... make z gaUoo. 

... make z peck. 

... make z busbd. 

... make z quarter. 

... make z wcy or kwd. 



3 pmts ... . 

4 quarts ... . 

3 gallons... .. 

4 pecks ... ., 
8 bushels 

5 quarters ... .„ „ 

The pint contains 34*^59 cubic tnciics. 

FOK WiNSS AND SriKiTs:— 

36 gallons make z tierce. 

54 gallons make z hogrfiead. 

3 hogsheads ... make z pipe or ponchflOB. 



For Alb and Bi 

9 gallons make z fiilein. 

3 firkins... .^ ... make z kikleridii. 

3 kilderkins make z baneL 

3 kilderkins make z hofdiead. 

3 hogsheads make z butt. 

a butts make z ton. 



FRENCH. 
Weight. 

Milligramme ^xoooch of a gramme) 

C«itigramme (looth of a gramme) 

Decigramme (xothof agramme m. 

vyramme ... ... ... .•■ ... 

Decagramme (xo grammes) . 
Hectogramme (100 grammes) . 
Kilogramme (xooo gramme^ . 



• «• • •• 



••• ••• 



••• ••• 

••• ••• 



• • • • • • 



• • ••• 



••• ••# 



Encusm Value. 
= o-ozs43a graiiL 
= o'x543S3 ,, 
= x*543>35tnutt. 
= »5*43«3f9 M 
= »54*3«34W •• 
= I543**34m> »• 
= a "^057 pounds. 



A^lCfclC ••• ••• ••• ••• «ta 

Arc (square decametre) 
Litre (cubic decimetre) 
St&re (cubic metre) 



LINEAR MEASURE. 

•• ••• ■•• ••• ••• ••• ••• 

SURFACE MEASURE. 

• • ••■ ••■ •*• ••■ ••• ••• 

CAPACITY MEASURE. 

•• ••• ••■ ••■ ••• •«■ ••• 

SOLID MEASURE. 



= 39*37079 

= zi9*6o33 aqnare ywdt. 

= 6z '0970s cubic H 



••• ••• ••• 



= 35*3166 cubic feat 



The metre, arc, Utre, and stire, are divided on the same system as the 



Out Ocean Highways. 



B dfHLAIBEtl 



WEIGHTS AND MEASURES faMlinn. 

GERMAN [PRUSSIA). 

, .,. latkc T loth p^. .- = 



make I rieq>AiAd „, - = 

. lukc Khl^und = 

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT 
.. nuke I Icninl .,- ,,, -,, -,. = 

LIMEAK UEd^URE. 



tweU . 



SURFACE MEASURE. 



o-oM ixdi. 



LIQUID CAPAaxY. 



a owl 

3" J>=ni« 


... Tulwiciuvtin 

'.'.'. duke . ohm '.'.'. '.". '.'.'. '.'.'. 
... nukeifuder „ 

DRY CAPACITY. 


: 


X?' ;: 


18 «h<^i r.'. ;;; 


... mikcmeue 

::: maieiKh^ffti ;;■. '.■'. ".:: "; 

... nuke I nuller 

... nuke 1 but 


: 






AUSTRIA (VIENNA). 




■nt Pftind. apcKhcon 
Tl-S™ 


-:: E E z z z z :. E 


z 





LIQUID CAPACITY. 



xlvi 



Our Ocean Highways. 



8 probmetzen 
4 becher ... 

1 futtermas.'ici 

2 muhlinasscl 

3 achtel 

4 viertel ... 
30 metxen ... 



WEIGHTS AND MEASURES (coHUnutd). 

DRY CAPACITV. 

make z becher = 

... make z futtermassel = 

... make z muhlmassel -=. 

... make z achtel ^ 

... make z viertel = 

make z metze s= 

... make z muth = 



o'oija bttihcL 
oo5a9 ,. 
o'zoS7 „ 
o-ans „ 

o*4«3© .. 
I tiQiS busheU. 

50*7536 ,. 



Continental Weights, with their English Value. 



r.ELGIUM .. 

ITALY 

SPAIN 

PORTUGAL.. 

SWEDEN .. 
RUSSIA 

TURKEY 



... / 



1 kilogramme 
zo kilogrammes 



3 t 

23 



-Sthlbs. EngUth. 
Im. English. 



7 z skhSlpund 
'" i zoo .skh^Ipunds 



} 



z punt ... 
zoo punts... 

z oke ... 

I rottolo 
zoookes 
zoo rotolos 



zs ouztcea Engfiah. 
93 lbs. English. 
Z4| ounces English. 
90} lbs. EngUsh. 
3 4-^th lbs. English. 
\\ lbs. EngUsh. 
383} lbs. English. 
135 1^ Engush. 



MEASURES OF DISTANCES ON THE VARIOUS 
CONTINENTAL RAILWAYS. 



FRENCH 

BEIXJIAN 

ITALIAN 

SPANISH 

PORTUGUESE .. 

HOLLAND 

DENMARK 

NORWEGIAN .. 

SWEDISH 

PRUSSIAN 

SAXON 

WURTEMBURG 

AU.STRIAN 

SWITZERLAND 
RUSSIAN ... .. 
TURKISH 



..A 






• ••• 



z kilometre 

z English mile 

X'AIJI ••• ••• ••• ••• 

English mile 

Danish meile 

Engllvh zziile 

Norwegian miji ... 

English mile 

Swedish meile 

English mile 

Pnusian Meile 

English mile 

Saxon meile 

English mile 

Wuitembuiig meile 

EnglUh znile 

Austrian meile 

English mile 

Schweizerstunde ... 
English mile 

▼ d«v* ••• ••• ••• ••• 

English mile 

^3Ca I A ••• >•• ••• 

About 35 English miles 



1093*633 vda. or neariy 5 fuiis. 
z'6093 KilcHsitre. 

7093*633 yds. or neaiiy 5 furk. 

z *Do93 myL 

about 4*T36 Ei»lish mikiL 

less thanl of a Daniah meile. 

7*oaz Englbh miles. 

about z-7th Norwegian ii^|L 

6*64z Enriiah miles. 

less than^ Swedish meile. 

4'68z English miles. 

about z-5th Prussian nciie. 

4*66 English miles. 

about z-sth Saxon meHe. 

4'6a8 English miles. 

about i-^ Wurtemborg nolfe 

4} English miles. 

about z-5th Austrian meHe. 

3*983 EngUsh miles. 

over 4 Schweizerstunde. 

5 i-5tn English furkmgs. 

a little over 1^ Verstt. 

s'038 English nule. 

34 Berri 



Our Ocean Highviays, 



FOREIGN BANKERS. 



A&ica. — Bank qf London and South Africa.— William Moms James, 
Esq., Gcaenil Mani^et, lo, King William-strccl, E.C. Brancha. — 
Cape of Good Hope, Port EluabcUi, Graham'a Town, Cape Town. 
Natal, Durban. 

America. —Messrs. Baring, Brolhers, aod^Ca.8, Bishopsgsle-slrNl ; Bowles 
Biothfr^ and Co., 449, Strand, Charing Cross ; MciiLrs. Brown, Shiple;, 
and Co., Found er's-conjl, Lolhbiuy ; Messrs. Clews, Ilabichl, and Co., $■ 
Lothbuiy. E,C. ; Messrs. Jay CotJtc. M'Culloch, and Co., 41, Lolnbard- 
ibeel, E.C. ; Mesirs.J. S. Morgan and Co., 22, Old Brood-street ; Messrs. 
Morton, K<«e, and Co., Bartholomew -house ; Messci. A. S. Petrie and Co., 
II, Old Broad-street. 

(For California, sec ander San Ftancisco). 

Australia.— Rank of ViCTOiiA.— Hugh L. Taylor, Esq., Manager, 3, 
Threadneedle-streei, E.C. Chief Office, Melbourne.^. Mathesou, 
Esq., General Manager. CoUnial firantha. — Bet&st, Sandtiurst, Castle- 
main, Bellarat, Avoea, Maiyborougb, Beaufort, Warmambool, Port Albert, 
Breech worth, Porllanii, Maroillon, Sale, Maldon, Echuca, Daylesford, 
Woodspoint, RushHOrth. Moitlake, Heathcole, Stinell, Wahgunyah, \'ack- 
aoilandali, Kilmorc, Walhalla, Dunoliy, InElewood. 

Bank of South Australia. — William Purdy, Manager, 54, Old Broad- 
street, EC Colonial ^niw.iei. —Adelaide, Gawler, Goolwa, Kadina, 
Hoonta, Mount Pleasant, Port Adelaide, Robe, Sanunda, Port Victor, 
Wallaroo. 

Bank of Australasia. — William Millikcn, Secretary, 4, Threadneedle-street, 
E-C. Colmial Braa<kts.~n%-f SouTH Wales. —Sydney, Maitland, New- 
castle. Queensland.- Brisbane, Ipswich, Dalby. South Australia. 
— Adelaide, Koonnga, Port Lincoln. Victoria.— Melbourne, Williams- 
town, Geelong, Portland, BcUasl. Warmambool, Ballarat, Beechworth, 
Sandbimt, Castleroaine, Sale, Gipp's land. Tasmania.— Hobarl Towii, 
Lannceston. New Zealand. — Wellington, Wanganui, Auckland, Gra- 
ham's Town, Hokitika, Dunedin, Ahaura. 

Thk l.oNt>oN Chartered Bank OF Australia. — William Martin Young, 
Esq., Secretary, 88, Can non-st reel, E.C, Colonial Brancha. — Melbourne. 

i™, Ts . 

Laodsborough, Majori 

The Colonial Bank of Australasia,— James A. Douglas, Esq., Manager, 
4, Royal Exchange-buildings, E.C. Colonial Branclits. — Melbourne, 
Ballaiat, Benalla, Camperdown, Castlemaine, Daylesford, Geelong, Jamie- 
son, Kilmore, Kyneton, Brahran, Rasberry, Sandhurst, Seymour, Tama- 
gulla, Tcrang, Wangaiatta, Wood's Point 

The English, Scottish, and Australian Chartered Bank.— Henty 

Moules, Esq., Secretary, 73. Coinhill, E.C. Colonial SrairrAw.— Sydney, 
SKt-Braniia.^-Vaamu, Wolloi^ng. Victoria,— J«4-i(™BfA«.— Carl- 
ton, Collingwood, North Melbourne, Williamstown, Adelaide (South 
Avstkalia), — SmyBroHrha. — Clare, Kapunda, Mount Gambia. 



/ 



xlviii Our Ocean Highways. 

The Australian Joint Stock Bank.— John Christie, General Manager, 
1 8, King William-street, E.G. — Head Colonial Office^ Sydney. Colonial 
Branches. — West Maitland, Armidale, Braidwood, Goulbum, Wi^a- 
Wagga, Bathurst, Grafton, Tentcrfield, Mudgee, Singleton, Yass, New- 
castle, Muswellbrook, Murrundi, Hay, Deniliquin, Araluleu, Forbes, 
Taree, Grenfell, Tambaroora, Queensland — Colonial Branches, — Bris- 
bane, Ipswich, Rockhampton, Warwick, Bowen, Clermont, Maryborough, 
Gladstone, Mackey, TownsvilJe, Toowoomba, Gympic, Ravenswood. 

Bank of New South W^ales.— John Currie, Esq., Secretary, 64, Old 
Broad-street, E.C. — Head O^cCf, Sydney, New South Wales. — Branches, 
New South Wales. — Maitland, Newcastle, Albury, Bathurst, Mudgee, 
Tamworth, Deniliquin, Windsor, Adelong, Gundagai, Orange, Richmond, 
Penrith, Goulbum, W'agga-Wagga, Dubbo, Camden, Grafton, Glen Innes, 
Burrowa, Sofala, Armidale, Grenfell, Araluleu, Trunkey Creek. New 
Zealand. — Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercanrill, 
Wanganui, Nelson, llokitika, Greymouth. Victoria. — Melbourne, Gee- 
long, Kyneton, Castlemaine, Ballarat, Sandhurst, Beechworth, Ararat, 
Maldon, W'angarratta, Chiltem Agency, Inglewood, Creswick Agency, 
Linton Agency, Echuca Agency, Mansfield, Eagle Hawk. QUEENSLAND. — 
Brisbane, Rockhampton, Ipswich, Bowen, Toowoomba, Townsville, War- 
wick, Roma, Gympie, Maryborough. 

Commercial Banking Company of Sydney. — T. A. Dibbs, Esq., Man- 
ager. — Head Office^ Sydney, George Street. — Branches in Sydney: — 
Eastern Branch — South Head Road, Colin Brown, Manager ; SotUhem 
Branch — Haymarket, George-street South, James Antrobus, Manager. 
— Branches in new South Wales : — Albury, J. F. Skinner, Man- 
ager ; Armidale, Robert Macdonald, Manager ; Bathurst, John Busby, 
Manager ; Bcga, J. G. Beazley, Manager ; Berrima, Joseph Paytcn, Acting 
Manager ; Bombala, T. W. Thome, Manager ; Bourke, Henry Walker, 
Manager ; Burrangong, F. W. Gowlland, Manager ; Carcoar, R. W. Mc 
Kellar, Manager ; Casino, T. F. G. Pockley, Manager ; Cooma, G. M. 
Styles, Manager ; Dubbo, James Holmes, Manager ; Goulbum, R. C. Jop- 
lin. Manager ; Inverell, W\ H. Drake, Manager ; Kempsey, A. Humplurey, 
Manager ; Kiama, W. Short, Manager ; Maitland, John Whytlaw, Manager ; 
Morpeth, W. S. Capper, Manager ; Muswellbrook, George Flower, Man* 
ager ; Narrabri, Richard Waddy, Manager ; Newcastle, C&rles Sweetland, 
Manager ; Orange, J. A. H. Poulton, Manager ; Paramatta, S. J. Pearson, 
Manager ; Queenbeyan, H. Glennie, Manager ; Shoalhaven, J. ll Simpson, 
Manager ; Singleton, P. W^addy, Manager ; Tamworth, G. F. Finch, Man- 
ager ; Wentworth, John Richardson, Manager ; Wollongong, W. G, 
Robertson, Manager ; Yass, R. W. Pearson, Manager. Branchxs IN 
Queensland. — Brisbane, T. H. Paige, Manager ; Dalby, E. P. Ashdown, 
Manager ; Gayndah, H. W. W. Echlin, Manager ; Maryborough, Wm. 
Walker, Manager. 

The Land Mortgage Bank ok Victoria — R. M. Young, Esq., Manager, 
17, King's Arms-yard, E.C. ; Chief Office lilt\hoMTn^ 

Union Bank of Australia. — John Bramuch, Eso., Manager, i. Bank- 
buildings, Lx>thbury, E.C. Colonial Branches : — Victoria. — Melbourne^ 
Geclong, Ballarat, Sandhurst, Portland. New South Wales. — Sydney. 
Queensland. — Brisbane, Rockhampton. South Australia. — ^Adelak^ 
Port Adelaide. Tasmania (Van Dieman*s Land). — Hobart Town, Lann- 
ceston. New Zealand.— Auckland, Wellington, Napier (Hawk/s Bey)^ 



Ottr Ocean Highways. xlix 

Nelson, HokitaufWirf Coast), Chiistchaich, Lyttlelon, Timani (Canltf 
fcury^ Dunedin, Invercai^ll (Olago). 
AoslTiB.^ Anglo- Austrian Bank.— Francis Brewer, Esq., Manager, i8 and 

19, Fenchureh-stieel, E.C. C/ikf Offite—ViEttHK. 
Brsiils and River Pl*te.— London and Bkazilian Bank.— John Beaton, 
Esq., Secretaiy, I, Old Btoad-street, E.C. Furngn Branika. — Brazil. — 
Rio Ac Janeiro. Bohia, Pcmambuco, Rio Grande dfe su[, Sanlos, Son PauJo, 
Pelolas, Manuihara, Ceam, Para. River Piatk.— Buenos Avres, Monte 
Video. 

London ASD River Plate Bask.— A. R. Smithets, Esq., Manager, 40, 
MooTgate-sttcel, E.C. 

PoTtug^l.—PoRTUCAL.— Lisbon, Opotlo, Amaranle, Braga, Coimbra, Gui- 
maracs, Vianoa, Villa Real. 

Braiils. —English Bank of Rjo de Janeiro. ^Charles Carringlon, Esq., 
Manager, 13, Si. Hden's-place, E.C. Ftrfign Bramria. — Bahia, Para, . 
Bdcdds Ayres, Monle Video, Liabon, Oporlo, Paris, Hamburg, Anlwerp, 
Havre, Genoa, Madrid. 

C«nad«.— Bamk of British North Averica. — Richard Watson Bradford, 
Euq.,114, Bishopsgate-slreel-within, E.G. Colonial Bratuia. — Canada. — 
Montreal, Ottawa, Quebec. Toronto, Kingston, Hamilton, Braotfotd, Lon- 
don, Nova Scotu.— llalifii. New Brunswick.— St. John's, St. 
Sitphcn. Vanl'ouvlk Island. — Victoria. British Columhia. — Bsilter- 
villfc 

Cbiiw.— Hong-Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.— W. H. 
Vacber, Esq., Manager, 24, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Contiaent of Europe — The Continental Bank, 79, Lombard-street. — 
FbrtigH CirrrapimJtnis. — Amsterdam, Berlin, Barcelona, Bordeaux, Boulogne- 
sur-Mer, Bniaiels, Cologne, Constantinople, Coidova, Dieppe, Florence, 
Frankfort-i-Maioe, Geneva, Genoa, Hamburg, Lisbon, Lyons, Madrid, 
New York, Nice, Oporto, Paris, Posen, Rheims, Riga, Rome, Rotterdam, 
St Feteisburg, Seville, Valencia, Vienna. 

Egypt-— Bank of Egypt.— Edward Cheshire, Esq., Secrelaiy, a6, Old 
Btwd-street, E.C. Fordgtt Bratuka. — Alexandria, Cairo. 

Anclo-Egvptian Banking Company.— Octave Toa, Secretary, a;, Cle- 

Hnngaiy.— The Anclo-Hungarian Bank.— Ernest Lenti, Esq., Secre- 
tary, 18 and ig, Fenchurch-street, E.C. Fertigtt Branch. — Pcsth. 

IndU.— Agra Bank. — D. M. Arbuthnot, Esq., Secretary. Braiukts in 
India and China. — Calcutta, S. Cochrane, Manager ; Bombay. Edward 
Morriss, Manager ; Madras, W. T. Taylor, Manager ; Kunachee, L. M. 
Marescaux, Manager; Agra, Thomas Bailey, Manager; Lahore, Hector 
Gunn, Manager ; Sbanghai, Edwaid Maccall, Mai;ager ; Hoog-kong. Hugh 
Hughes, Manager. 

Chartered Bank of India, Australia, and China. — George Ure Adam, 
Esq., Manager, Hatton-court, Thread needle- street, E.C. Fortign Branthts — 
Bombay, Calcutta, Akyab, Rangoon, Singapore, Batavia, Hong-kong, 
Shanghai, Hankow. 

Chaktkued Mercantile Bank of India, London, and China.— David 



1 Our Oceaft Highways. 

Trail Robertson, Esq., Manager, 65, Old Broad-street, E.C. Foreign 
Branches. — Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Colombo, Kandy, Galle, Penaog, 
Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Yokohama. 

Delhi and London Bank.— J. W. H. Ilbery, Esq., Manager, 76, King 
William-street, E.C. 

Oriental Bank Corporation.— J. F. Stuart, Esq., Chief Manager, The 
Baltic, Threadneedle-street, E.C. 

Messrs. Grindlay and Co. — 55, Parliament-street, S.W. Foreign Brancha 

— Bombay and Calcutta. 

The National Bank of India. — R. O. Sawyers, Esq., Manager, 80, King 
William-street, E.C. — Foreign Branches — Calcutta, Bombay, Hong-kong, 
Madras. 

Italy. — Anglo Italian. — W. Coles, Sceretary, 16, Leadenhall-street, 
E.C. 

Ionian Islands. — The Ionian Bank. — William Heuewech, Esq., Man- 
ager, 31, Finsbury-circus, E.C. Foreign Bratiches. — Corfu, Zante, Cepha- 
Ionia, Athens, Patras. 

Mexico and South America. — London Bank of Mexico and South 
America. — William Thos. Morrison, Esq., Manager, 144, Leadenhall- 
street. Foreign Branches. — Mexico, Peru ; with correspondents at mil the 
principal cities on the West coast. 

New Zealand. — Bank of New Zealand. — F. Larkworthy, Esc|., Manag- 
ing Director, 50, Old Broad-street, E.C. Branches and Agencies, — Blen- 
heim, Province of Marlborough, John Kissling, Manager ; Christchurch, 
Canterbury, John L. Coster, Manager ; Dunedin, Otago, Latham O Beal, 
Manager ; Invercargill, Southland, Thomas Watson, Manager ; Kaiapoi, 
Canterbury, J. C. Boddington, Agent ; Lyttelton, Canterbury, John L. 
Coster, Manager ; Napier, Hawke's Bay, Sidney G. Brandon, Manager ; 
Nelson, Nelson, James Watkins, Manager ; Ngaruawahia (or Newcastie) 
Aucklaiid, James Hume, Agent ; New Plymouth, Taranaki, Thomas King, 
Manager ; Oamani, Otago, William Gilluson, Acting Manager ; Picton, 
Marlborough, John Kissling, Manager ; Riverton, Southland, John W. 
Matthews, Agent ; Timaru, Canterbury, R. A. Chisholm, Manager ; Tok- 
omairiro (or Milton), Otago, Alfred Jones, Manager ; Wanganui, Welling- 
ton, Wm. F. Russell, Manager ; Wellington, Wellington, John Bridges, 
Manager. On the Thames Gold Fields, near Auckland, Coromandel, 
Grahams-town, Shortland. On THE West Gold Fields. — Hokitika, West* 
land, Wm. C. Roberts, Manager ; Greymouth, Westland, Wm. C. Roberts, 
Manager ; Charleston, Greenstone, Ross, West Port. On the Otago 
Gold Fields. — Arrow, Clutha Ferry, (or Balcluiha)^ Lawrence, Mann- 
herikia (or Alexandra), Mount Idia, (or Naseby), Palmerston, Queenstown, 
Teviot (or RoximrQh), Waikouaiti (or West Hawkesbury)^ Waitahuna {or 
Havdock), Wetherston. 

San Francisco. — The Bank of British Columbia. — Henry E. Ransom* 
Esq., General Manager, 5, East India-avenue, Leadenhall-streety E.C. 
California. — San Francisco, Portland, Or^on, Victoria (B.C.) 

London and San Francisco Bank. — R. D. Peebles, Esq., Manager, aa. 

Old Broad Street, E.C. 

Turkey.— Bank of Roum.\.nia. — Robert Christian, Esq., Manager. Fitrmgm 



Our Ocean Highways. 



BraiuAa. — Bucharest, CalaU, Ibraila, Cfairgero, Jassy, Ciajovi, BelgRtde, 

iNraitiAL OTTUUAn Bank.— R. A. Breium, Esq., Minaeer, 4, Bank- 
buildings. Lothbury, E.C. 

London ANP Bagdad Banking AssocuTiOK.— Thomas K. Lynch, Esq,, 
Manapng Diteetot, Jg, Towcr-rtreet, E.C. 
Note — For Banking Houses Abroad, ind their London CoiTespomlenl^ 

lot nndci head of City or Seaport, in Cazetleer. 



CONVEYANCE COMPANIES. 



To the Continent. — Ltbcau and Co. Gtntrai ^lu-0~>Boulogite-sur'Mer, 
Prance. Braatk Q«t*r— London, 6, Biilitcr-slreet, E.C; Pans, 108, Rue 
do FaubooiE SL DeoLs, lb. Rue Feydcan ; Antwerp, CaUb, Dunkirk, 
Folkestone, Uverpool, and Roltcrdam, 

The Continental Daily Parcel* Express.— Sole Agency for England of 
the Belgian Govcrnme.il Railiray nil.! North fiernian Postal Confederal ion. 
LendcnC!:--!-''^-- -•„<■■■ \ v ' • .-, \:'i t r,N-r,— UnivciMl Office, 
34, Rcc'-" • ; ' ■ ' ■ ■■ ' t^mlcvard des Ilaliens. 

and Californiin Express and General Shipping 
connccling with Wells, Fai^o and Co. Prindfal 
_ . 61, King William-streel, I^ndon, and 4, Sealon- 

buildings, 17, Water-street, Liverpool, ; Wells, Fai^o and Co., &i. Broad- 
ti-ay. New York, U.S.A. 
To Canada and America, India and Australia, &c. — Ocean Express, 
Anglo-American Express, Continental Express, Oierland and Uencral 
Shipping Agency, London, 56, King Williara.street, E.C. Charing-rrost 
Branch — 4 and J, Agar-slreet, Strand, W.C. (opposite Charing-cnjiis Hos- 

K'tal), 40, R^ent-circus, PiccadiLy, W, Liverpool — 8, Ca.it le-slrcet, 
ixoQ a!nd King, Proprietors. 

To India, China, Japan, Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand. — 
Globe Foreign Express, G. W. Whealleyand Co,,fonner!y Waghom, pioneer 
of the Overland Route. Chirf Officf—x^b. Leadenhall -street, City. E.C. 
Braitch Raiaiing Hotises — Whealley, Pearse and Co., 33, St. Paul's-church- 
nrd, E.C., and Continental Daily Express, 53, Gmcecburch-streeC, E.C. 
WEST-END — Wheatley and Co., 23, Regent-street, S.W. ; Cha|>lin's, 
Regent- circus, Piccadilly, W. ; Kingston, Southampton-street, Filzroy- 
square, W. Bombay — Wheatley and Co., 10, Sassoons-buil dings. Office 
hours, 9 to 6, except on Saturdays, when business closes at 4. 

To alt Parts of the World.— R. P. Alkins and Co., General Shipping, 
Forwarding, and Insurance Agency and Universal Foreign Parcels Expresis. 
Chief Officr—lO, St. Mary .aie (removed from lOI, Leadenhall-slreel, E.C). 
Ciiiy Xtroviiti <3^*— PhiUpoltE, 65, King William-slieet, Wbst.enh— 
White Hotse Cellar, 155, PiccadiUy ; The Star, 36, Slockbiidge-tenacc, 



lii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



IRISH MAIL TRAINS, &c. 

London afid North Western Railway Company^ Euston StcUiofU 

LONDON AND IRELAND. 







WEEK DAYS. 


SUN. 






WEEK DAYS. 


SUN. 




z 


2 


z 




z 


a 


z 




MailTr, 


MailTr. 


MailTr. 


MailTr. 


MailTr. MaUTr, 


DN. JOURNEY. 


Express 

ist&znd 


Exprtss 
ist&2nd 


Express 
ist&and 


UP JOURNEY. 


Express 
zst & and 


Express 
zst & and 


Express 

zst ft and 




Class. 


Class. 


Class. 




Cass. 


Class. 


Class. 




Morn. 


Night 


Night 




After. 


After. 


Morn. 


London (Euston 










rPer Limtd. 








Station) ... dep. 
Holyhead ... arr. 


7 »S 


8 25 


8 25 




Mail,istCU 








I 50 


3 5 


3 5 




only dep. 


a 55 


• •• 


... 


Kngstn. fr.Dbln. „ 


5 50 


7 5 


7 5 


Belfast-^ 


Per Ordny. 








^ 


Per Lim. 








(Irish 
Time) 


Mail, zst & 










Mail, ist 








2nd Class, 










CI. on. arr. 


• •• 


XX 30 


xz 30 




lonly dep. 


X 45 


9 30 


9 30 


Belfast VPer Ordy. 








Dublin (Wcstland 








ML. ist& 








Row) ... dep. 


645 


6 Z5 


64s 


2nd Class 








Holyhead ... ,, 


" 55 


zz 40 


«' 55 


) only arr. 


3 40 


12 40 


12 40 


Lndn.(Eus. Sta.)arr. 


64s 


6 a5 


6 45 




THROUGH FARES. 

•■• •»• ••• ••• •■« ••• ••• ••• ••• 


zst Class. 




London to Dublin 


;C3 2 6 


;Cs S 6 


» 


to Belfast 


••• ••• 


•«• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• 


£z 5 


6 


;Ca 


6 9 



SCOTCH MAIL TRAINS. 

Great Northern Railway, — Vid York. 

EAST COAST ROUTE. 
THROUGH TRAINS-DOWN FROM LONDON. 







WEEK 


DAYS. 


SUNDAY& 


STATIONS. 




East Coast 








z a 


Exp. z a 


X s 






mom. 


after. 


after. 


/Victoria (L.C.&D.) 


dep. 


9 7 


7 7 


••• 


LONDON jhtCte Street 


ff 


9 40 


7 40 


••• 


f» 


9 43 


8 zo 


••« 


(.King's Cross (G. N.) 




zo 


9 XS 


X v./ fV fV ••• >•• ••• ••• •• ••• ••• •« 


... arr. 


a 35 


*Z8 40 


3 xs 


EDINBORO' 


• ••• »» 


830 


6 5 


8z5 


Vy !-«/» OxTv / W ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• • 


»f 


zo ao 


7 SO 


xo 54 


A15c«KlJfjfc*N ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• • 


•• ••• »» 


3 


za ao 


••• 


INVERNESS vid Dunkeld 


.. ... ,, 


9 


3 45 


••• 


Ditto (c/fVl Aberdeen) 


»» 


la 35 


6a5 


••• 






mom. 


after. 


nioffii* 



* This Train runs North of York on Sunday mornings, but not on Monday 



Our Ocean Ilighiuays. 



THROUGH TRAINS 


-UP TO LONDON 










WEEK DAYS. 


SUND. 


STATIONS. 


■ ' 


, . . . 


■ . 


ABERDEEN 

INVERNESS, nl Dunkdd 

gSsffiVr-!' ::: :: ::: ;:: 

XDINBORO' 

YORK -. ... - 

(^.C.».(GlN,) 

LONDON ]J:'„'SSSft£'c'&D.)- 


dtp. 






■s 


After. 






"■""'■ 


°"""- 


niora. 


mora. 



SCOTCH MAILS. 

London and North-Wcslerii Railway Company, Euslon Station. 
LONDON and SCOTLAND, by Ibe West Coast Linea of Railway. 

Tk, Sfrrial SceiiA Mali Uming Ikt Emlon Sf^urt Slaliaa at Z.v>f.m..it t/u imly Tnm 
it! uamettim aili llu Mail Csm^Jut/n-m Prrik and AhtrtUta. 





WEEK DAVS. 


SUNDAYS. 






' 1 ) 


« 


' 


' 


STATIONS. 


3 


JIUJCIUL 


S^tial 

0>di..ry 
FjKsfrom 
L™dn.anly 


Social 


i«.>nd,ft 
jrdClus 

Smlland. 


LONDON {^^^^"- ^'^• 


p.m. 


liii 


!z: 


•S33P.n.. 


g op.m. 


jB.g /Ba-idl MT. 


:. 


I'i 


::: 


::: 


jl 


GLASGOW 

^r 1 1 E ;: 
El- E E E E E :; 

^^as I E :: 

^n^ (iW.Dunk^ 

IKVERNESSt^4Du>ikdd**! " 

S?^EEEEE 


~ 


9 r> 


1% 


4 3« 
3.S.11 


iS 




liv 



Our Ocean Higkmays. 



SCOTCH MAILS (contiHMrd). 



UP JOURNEY. 



S T A T I O N S . 



vjolspic ••• ••• ••• ••• • 

Bonar Bridge 

Invergorden 

INVERNESS viA Dunkeld 

Elirin f ''*'' ^"*^^*^<* ••• • 
* (. s//Vi Aberdeen ... . 

V '*\y /c'/Vf Dunkeld ... . 
^*"" I z;/<l Aberdeen ... . 



ABERDEEN 
Montrose ... 
Dundee 

Perth 

Stirling 
Grccmxrk ... 
Pt)rt-(JIasgow 
Paisley 



dep. 



ft 
If 



••• 



•» 
»t 
>» 
•» 



GLASGOW 

EDINBURGH ... ... 

Oirlisle (from Caledonian) 



WEEK DAYS. 



ist& 

and 

Class. 



Mom. 



... 
... 



••• 



••• %f 



arr. 



^j: /"Edinburgh dep. 

C'S ,' (ialashiels ... ,, 

y'^ "j St. Boswell's ... 

^'^ V Hawick _ 

i from N. British 

CariLsle ' 



arr. 



^••* ••• ••• ••• ••• 



dep. 



T r wnnvr * Euston Sq. Sta. arr. 
^'"^^^^^^ ■{ Kensington 



aJ. 

6 o 

6 ID 



I St and 

snd 
Cla.s.s. 



Mom. 



• •• 

• • • 



6 o 

7 40 
845 
9 35 
9 o 
9 6 
9 28 

xo o 
10 15 

I o 



»o 5 
II 7 
XI a6 
II 47 
X o 



After. 

I 13 

9 30 
10 20 



Sprcial 
Scotch Mail 
Ordnry. 

from places 
North of Cai^ 
lUle to Lond. 



Fares Ordmy. 



Mom. 

6 o 

7 xo 

8 15 
xo 18 
10 39 

7 20 

9 40 
9 xo 

After. 
12 23 

» 35 

3 3 

4 4 

5 6 



5 53 

6 5 
8 39 



844 
Mom. 

4 37 



SUNDAYS. 



S/teia/ 

Scotch Maii 

Fares 

from places 

North of Car^ 

lisk to Lond. 



Mom. 
6 o 
xo 



\ 



xo x8 
xo 39 

9 40 

• • • 

After. 
X2 23 



4 4 

5 6 



5 53 

6 5 
839 



Mora. 
4 37 



xst^and, 

and 
3«1 






After. 
9 »5 
9 30 
»a 37 



Night. 

Mora* 
9 40 



w 



Our Ocean Highioe^s. 



PARTICULARS OF 

FIXED DAILY SERVICES BETWEEN 
LONDON AND THE CONTINENT 



GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY. 

TO HOLLAND, GERMANY, BELGIUM, THE RHINE, 
SWITZERLAND, AND LTALY. 

By TIDAL TRAINS ip HARWICH, thentc by PASSENGER STEAMERS, which mn (ualc 
TO AND FROM ROTTERDAM, (very Tii«diiy.Thi.i«Iay, ind SuunJay. 
FSOM ANTWERP, mry TncsdoT iind Eri<l.y. 

fimfno uy Great Eiueni (Utuui, tauifriiin Roderdam and Aniwcrp:— 
idClattftSj 



ti : 






itoIIh. of luEEAce allowed free 10 e 
PuKnfcn booked from country auiio 

Tkmtk TUkrIi /- ffrlUnd. B'lei< 



SmierliBd. iKUn 1 1 

>i>d B^ukU (J, i^ 
TickiU to Eoclaiid o 
TIk Cru Eutcm Riilo 
uid ai Roueniun (>" 
RutwKy, uriiiefa u ii 



ID niDsl or the principal dtiesin< 
nn.'LiwrenM-luie, Cheap-id=,' 



lallluj^nci^ 



Covnpony'i 







Ivi 



Our Ocean Highways, 



GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY (amtimtud). 
REGISTRATION OP PASSENGERS' BAGGAGE. 



GENERAL NOTICE.— The REGISTRATION OF BAGGAGE saves the 
trouble and expense of landing and shipping the baggage and conveying it be t w een the tfau aad boit* 
harbour dues, and other imposts hitherto nuule ; secures an allowance (35 kilos, or 56 Ibk) of ba 
Dree of charge ; also the privilM;e of paying before departure the charge for the conveyance of 
bai^age, according to a fixed through rate. This registration may be made to the place of deatn 
or irom any station to any other station on the Continent at which the through ticket aUom dM 
traveller to stop : but where the passenger intends to stop short of the final destination shown by hii 
through ticket, he should register only to the first point at which he desires to break the journey. 

Baggage i^ registered from London bv the trains running in connection with the boats, but only oa 
the production of the passenger's tkroMgk ticket at the registration office ten minutes bdTore the fSam 
fixed for the departure of the train. Passengers are recommended to register th^ baagage in al 
cases. The Company cannot undertake to roister baggage, unless the passenger, with theDaggafa 
and through ticket, be at the Bishopsgate Station ten mmutes in advance of tne time fixed for the 
departure of the train. The baggage ticket must be given up before the baggage can be d^vcndaft 
destination. Each package should have the name and address of the owner di^inctly marked thenar 
and all old luggage labels should be removed. Mnxkandise regiMered as baggage is liable to deten- 
tion and seizure by the Customs ; and passengers are hereby cautioned against registering aitides of 
the description of merchandise, or that are not for personal use. (Paasengers should peraooaUy dual 
their baggage on arriving at the point to which registered, and give notice immediately to the statiBl 
master uanything is wrong, giving a list of the contents of any packages missing. 



LONDON BRIGHTON, AND SOUTH COAST 

RAILWAY. 



LONDON and PARIS. Direct daUy Tidal Sen^ice, viA Neuh 
haven ^ Dieppe^ and Rauen^ London Bridge and Victoria Staeims. 

The following COMMODIOUS and POWERFUL PASSENGER STEAMERS nS 
(vrind, weather, and other circumstances permitting) fiiom the Railway WharC Mow- 
haven, immediately a4Joining the Railway Tenmnus, the Hotel, and the Cuttooi Hooi^ 

for Dieppe, as under : — 

''ALEXANDRA," paddle steamer. Captain H. Stone ; "BORDEAUX," paddle 
Captain E. White ; " MARSEILLES.^' paddle steamer. Captam C Payne; "ORL 
paddle steamer, Captain Florence ; "LYONS," paddle steamer. Captain A Bl 
also the merchandise steamers. "SUSSEX" and "^ORMANDY." 



The merchandise steamers. "SUSSEX." "NORMANDY," &c, run daily. 

FARES. 



FROM 








LONDON 

AND 

NEWHAVEN. 


OINGLS JOvKxvov AiwikAia* 


Available for 
OneMondk. 


Avnilahlolbr 
INroMoadMu 


xstcL 


andcl. 


Available for 


xstcL 


andd. 


istcL 


anda 


London and DleoDe 


%. d. 
90 
13 


s. d. 
14 
xo 


Three da^ 
Days of issue. 


s. d. 
30 
90 


a. d. 

91 


a. d. 


a. d. 
■3 S 


Newhaven and Dieooe 


XA -- 




-^ " 


... 1 





For times of sailing, and other particulan, see the Compan/s tine bookiL 



Our Ocean Highways. 



LONDON, BRIGHTON, AND SOUTH COAST RAILWAY fcnl, 
ORtllNARV TRAINS TO AND FROM NEWHAVEN. 





WEEK DAYS. 


SUNDAYS. 




..1 


,'?. 


... 


,«', 


.>] 


..> 


.., 


^ . 




,,S 


:J 


4" 


« 39 

7 'a 


ii 

9 36 


pm. 








6 J. 


S^HillJmirti™ ;, 


iS 













WEEK DAYS. 


SUNDAYS. 


UP. 


..J 


... 


I A> 


"3 


I&> 


... 


..1 


Mcriuna Hubou d<p, 

ciapW junoiw .!■'.!!!'.!!! 1 " ! !! 

W«™(W«iEod) ^^ 


"1 




'« 


ns 


9 <« 


i1 





GENERAL INFORNLATION. 



icputicuUiilyrcqusudiDhavc ihnr luEg>ge rullvaddieunl.uul HCil pHrpnly labtllnl. 



PRINCIPAL OFFICES. 

LONDON.-iS, FijJiitrttt hill, Ciiy. K,C. , 18. RfginMiirus, 

R^-ay SmicBii. VLcloriii. Keiuingloii, and Loi>don-bridgt. 
NEWHAVEN.— Sleam Packel OKcc, Railway Wharf. 
DIEPPE.-9J, Qua! H.nri IV. 

ROUEN.-Woltrn of FranM Railway Sialioni. Rut Vtrit. 
PARIS— 7, RuedEla Pain. 
NICE.— Uem. A. Colin & Co.. is. Pbce Si. nominique. 




Iviii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



LONDON, CHATHAM, AND DOVER 

Railway and Mail Steam Packet Service, 



D A I L Y — S U N D A Y S INCLUDED. 



DAY SERVICE. 



LONDON TO PARIS. 


PARIS TO LONDON. 


Victoria (West End Station) dcp. 

I-.ihk;atk Hill (City Station) „ 

DovRR (Admiralty Pier) arr. 

dcp. 

Calais arr. about 

dep. 

T.iLi.K arr. 


\ 7.40 a.m. 

925 M 

9-35 .. 
i».i5 .. 
12.30 p.m. 

3.52 p.m. 
6. ., 


Paris dep. 

Amiens (for Refresh.).. .(arr. 9.50) „ 

LiLLB 

Calais arr. 

• .. dep. 

Dover arr. about 


7.40 «•■- 
ift. „ 
•••••• 

x.xopwa. 

3- „ 
3-45 .. 

] S-4S •• 


M dep. 

Li'DCATE Hill (City Station) ... arr. 
Victoria (West End Statbn) ... „ 


Amikns (for Refresh.).. .(arr. 3.42)dep. 
Paris arr. 






Rkgistkrku Ba(;c;.\ge examined at Parls. 


Registered Bagc.agk for Victoria exanuned at 
Victoria Station, if for Ludgate HUI, at Dover. 



NIGHT SERVICE. 



LONDON TO PARIS. 



I.St CIas.s. 



LoNoo.N f Y'^"^''?!' (W.End St.) dcp. 

(Li'W- Hill (City Sin.) „ 
Dover (Admiralty Pier) air. 

• • dep. 

Calais „ 

Amiens (for Refreshment) arr. 

•• dep. 

Paris arr. 



\ 8.35 p.m. 

ia35 „ 
ia40 „ 

i.5oa.in. 

5- o ,. 

S-w » 
7.20 „ 



PARIS TO LONDON. 



ittClaa. 



Paris dep. 

Amiens (for Refreshment) arr. 

Amikks dcp. 

Calais arr. 

* dep. 

Dover „ 

f «K.T>«« f LfDG. Hill (City Stn.) arr. 
^'^^^ 1 Victoria (V. E^i St) „ 



7.50 P^a 

Ift. o „ 

xaio „ 
x.aoeLB 
a. o „ 

4-«$ M 

^ 6.15 „ 



* The Sea passage between Dover and Calais is the shortest between England and the Continent. 



Paris Return Tickets :— First Class, £^ 8s. Second Class, £^ los. 



Available for ONE MONTH, and to go or return viA Dover and CaUiis. or Folkestone and 



Special Fixed Night Service at Reduced Fares between LONDON and 
PARIS, by the Continental Mail Route, vid Dover and Calais. 



Sf.jHii ariii Third Class throughouU \ Sea passage Ninety Minuta amly. 



Oter Ocean Highaays. 



LONDON', CHATHAM. AND DOVER RAILWAY laoHmHill. 



DAILY— INCLUDING SUNDAYS 



LORDOM TO PARIS. 



PARIS TO LONDON. 






DOUM BIT. ilnul JfO 

Lahmh ^Viei«^ ft?a "^', u?' 9.17 



FARES BETWEEN LONDON AND PAHia 





,.™«..^=. 


TH^CU^^ 






: 










' "f '«'=) 





Tkkrii (Single and Retum) hk alw iiucd by IhU service fmin Heme Kill. Uuiiha 
Siti^pabTdr. FavGnham, Capterbiiryp Paver, Ranug^tc and Marfiatt. il Ihr umt 
l^fn^ifrr BaggA^e rrguLeicd tlumj^hauL 

That TUids art otily aoailablt to go and ritum ly thii StrvUe. 

?ver, iriabiDf 10 Erftvel by the Mail or Eaprcu IYauu a:& do » on t^ 
dlffenttce of (arc- 





ind Calais 


ffld Oiltoi 










^1 ^ 




.£> , 


^\ i I 




OuW™ 


" I " 


«k1 from SMurday in (^ 


m,day . 




"!S«!.nd(l.« .. 





SHIPPINQ OR LANDING CHARGES AT DOVER. 

Shippias 4 wheel Cuiiicc o 10 d | Sbipfing ■ Uoih 

,, 9 wbcd Cattui:* o 5 o I „ CorpK ... -.. ... ... ... 

TbcK Rub include Wbuface, Poftcnge, Cnuce Chai^a, 



Ix 



Our Ocean Highways. 



LONDON, CHATHAM, AND DOVER RAILWAY fcmimmedl 



RATES FOR PRIVATE CABINS. 

THE LONDON CHATHAM, AND DOVER RAILWAY COMPANY^ 
On Deck— Deck Saloon, 30s. for one person, and 5s. per puaenger addicianal 



ON BOARD 
STEAMERS. 
I up to £3. 

Deck Side cabins, xos. for one person, and 5s. per passenger addidooal up to £t. 
Bklow— Small Cabins, xos. for one or two persons. Large Cabins z 5s. for one 
passenger additionsd up to 255. 



pfi n w i ^ and 5s. per 



REGISTRATION OP PASSENGERS' BAGGAGE TO AND FROM 

THE CONTINENT. 



GENERAL NOTICE.-THE REGISTRATION OF BAGGAGE saves the paaMoger from all 

trouble and expen.se of landing and shipping the baggage and conveying it between^ tSie train aad 
boat, harbour dues, and other imposts hitherto made ; secures an idlowance (95 kilos, or 56 lbs-) 
of baggage free of charge, also the privilege of paying before deuurture the duirge for the conncy* 
ance of excess baggage according to a fixed through rate, lliis registration may be wudt to 
the place of destination, or from any station to any other station on the Continent at whidi tbe 
through ticket allows the traveller to stop ; but where the traveller intends to stop thort of the 
final destination shown by his through ticket, he should register only to the first point at vbkfa be 
desires to break the journey. 

BAGGAGE OUTWARDS. 



Baggage registered to 



Paris 

Brusscls,Antwerp,Ghent, 
Liege, and Vcrviers 
Ditto ditto ... 

Aix-la-Chapellc 

Ditto 

Amsterdam, Rotterdam 
and Utrecht 



ViA 

Calais. 
Calais 



} 



Ostend 

Calais.. 
Ostend 

Calais.. 



WUlbe 
Examined at 

[Paris. 

Blandain. 

Ostend. 

Aix-la-Chapellt 

Ditto. 

Rosenthal. 



Baggage r^;istered to 

Cologne, Bonn,Coblence, 
Mayence, and Frank 

fort(O.M.) 

Ditto ditto 

Any German Station, in 
eluding Austria 



Vii 



) 



Calaiil 
Ostend 



WiUbe 

p- '*'*'"*" St 



DitlOL 



GENERAL INFORMATION TO CONTINENTAL TRAVELLERS. 



THE COMPANY PROVIDES AN OFFICER TO PASS BAGGAGE. -PksseMcn by tbe Cslsis 

route are earnestly requested for their own protection, to avail themselves of the Company's offioen^ 
who make no charge (or passing baggage free of dutv, and to give their keys to them akme. Tbqr 
are at libcrtjr to pass their own entries, or employ other agents should they prefer doin( so ; but ths 
Company is in noway responsible for any detention or inconvenience that may arise finmellMrthsB 
their officers being employed. 



AGENTS AND OFFICES OF THE COMPANY ON THE CONTINENT. 

PARIS— Mr. G. Watbrr, 30. Boulevard des I COLOGNE— Mr. J. J. NinsBH, xs, Flredcridi 

Italiens. WUhelm-Strasse. 
CALAIS— Mr. W. Thomsktt, Vice-ConsuL 1 BRUSSELS— Mr. SuFraL,8z,MontacnedehCoar. 
And at the Stations of the Northern of France, and Plans and Lyons Railway ^ 



Ottr Ocean Higkat^s. 



SOUTH EASTERN RAILWAY. 






PtACB n> 


No., 


No. I. 


^^ 


.a'a/ci. 


■•Sr 


AWWi CllO« dtp. 


9 30 " 


iiiT 


P >» dep 


1" :; 


.JS'.- 


""""pSTlHI ., 


*«'■" 


_..- dep. 




i? :: 


Do»«B 






K.B.-B» .ht _«einTT of t« 
>1 aad mil Kt*ic» in ipand 

isBiac-r. The iiiiui(enest> « 


Ka«t Ihfouih Id CImridg Cro*i. (auengeri bjr ihe ijay 

npletedirilti Her Mijenr'tCliiiIiHiu for Ihe CBumiwtiDR 

ne rwir. at Ihe new Suiion have been approred by Htl 

1 .If Company'! lernces have (he euaraiitee ogiun=l 


F- 





with Ihe General P 



NoTx.— Paa«njers by the 7 40 a. 
^nnyed fjMhe train feannj^i 



n Pam, oa w«k-<Uyi, can ftlso !«■¥« Dover 

ly the 1.0 ii.111, boat froin Calaii ea Sundays, 

i|C aflcTthc mail uaiu are loaded. The Panmaiter General require! thai £e^i; 
lad 3-4] P.BL mail trains Tor LoDdon be tiarlcd from Dover ij mmules afVet Ihe amval 
bdni, wfled lale : io thai all lufgafc which 11 not in Ihe train at the eapiry of that lune 
vail for Ihe neirt ordinany tnin. 

dasa. 3ti fr. 60 c«nu. or 99*. fd. ; SccoDd class, rj fr. 



ce of fare 



.—Through ticketl 10 fioulogne and Calaii ar 
; a hone. 4L Unpacklpf and packing eadi caxiiai 



uued forChildrca 



KnuRH TicKiTi (available for the >a 



or following day, and from Saturday to MDaday) 
: steward's fee, a charge of 6d. being included 



L— PaBtngcn whose Baggagi 

— Pauengers are requested .. ^-, 

e going on hoard Ihe Company's vcssels- 
ilwaySiillan. 



idTed up 10 j,o P.D1. at Charing Croi 
aod trill be sent on wiib the mads the 



their fares and provide IbetnaelvEs with 
The office for taking licketi ii at Ihe 

be forwarded with the mails belween Londofi and Calais. 



Our Ocean Hi^aoays, 



SOUTH EASTERN RAILWAY (pmtimiadj. 



n^Ssg s a -^o ^ -^i" :eS- ' 



S?lW: 





11 

tS ^ ? 



5 I 



.1 1 



Ij 8 i| 
s a a i s 












!l„.=i. 



y:!; 



» : ii 



5 J ! 3 1 3 I I ! i n § 



Our Ocfan Highways. 



SOI.-TH EASTERN RAILWAY' Icsxlin^d}. 
FIXED MAIL SERVICES (o and fiom the CONTINENT 

(IM DllVER TO CALAIS, AND OSTENDJ. 



LONDON TO CALAIS. 


CALAIS TO LONDO.V. 


JtJM 


. & ^ Ct. 




f™« 


' M^. ' 


"mui" 


„ „ . 


T ,oa.in. 


1° » ».ni. 


C , d«. 


■i'" 


:"T 


Do«rM«. at 


Dovrr 

C*»SON STI,Utr HT 

CHAKi;ia Ciou ., 











Ibytlw..: 



S&E 






Sramvc Pi-ACB. —Put 






•ByNighiSfr-icoonly. 



Offices for Thiouglt Tickets mnd for forwarding Parcels. 

I. MontuTic lie la Cou 



L F. MuhieiindCo.' 

Mr. Uylbortk 

Mr. MkhcLKryn... . 
Mr. W. Viin Efst ,„ , 
At (he Railway Suiion 



Quai^cVEinp^rBir 



Nulvir4,AlgcniMil 
48, Rue d<a Champs 






Ixiv 



Our Ocean Highways. 



SOUTH WESTERN RAILWAY. 

LONDON and PARIS, vid SOUTHAMPTON, HA VRE, 

and ROUEN, 

Regular Service every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, 

Fares : London and Paris — Single Tickets : ist CL, 30s. ; 2nd CI., 22s. — 

Return Tickets : ist CI. 50s. ; 2nd CL, 36s. 

LONDON TO PARIS. 

The latest Train (ist and and Class) for the steamers leaves Waterloo Bridge Station at 

9.0 p.ra., and Kensington Station at 8.15 p.m. 

EVERY MONDAY, WEDNESDAY AND FRIDAY. 

BUT FASSKNGKRS MAY TRAVEL BY ANY PREVIOUS TRAIH. 

The Steamers leave 
SOUTHAMPTON DOCKS FOR HAVRE EVERY MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, 

AND FRIDAY at 11.45 pm- 

The average time crossing the Channel is about^ six and a-half hours, and about two houis 

additional in the river. 

Trains in connection with these steamers mn as/oUaws : — 

I cL z and 9 cL 

xm. a.m. 

Havre dep. no no 

p.m. p.m. 

Rouen arr. i 25 x 95 

Paris „ 4 90 6 9o 

PARIS TO LONDON. 

The latest Train (ist and 2nd Class) for the STEAMERS leaves PARIS (St Laaur Statioa) 

at 6.30 p.m. 

EVERY MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, AND FRIDAY, 

But passengers may travel by any previous train . 



LAST TRAIN 

LEAVES 

PARIS for HAVRE. 
ist and 3nd Class, 

4.35 p.m. 

xst Class, 6.30 p.m. 

FROM ROUEN, 

9.20 p.m. 



STEAMER 

LEAVES HAVRE 

EVERY 

MONDAY. 

WEDNESDAY, 

and FRIDAY, 

at 

12.0 midnight. 



TRAIN 

I RAVES 

SOUTHAMPTON 

FOR 

LONDON 

AT 
11.30 a.m. 



TRAIN 

ASKIVBS 

LONDON 

(Waterioo Bridcc 

Sution) 

AT 

9.91 p.m. 



For particulars as to passengers or goods apply to the Company's agents, as foUows :— 



PARIS— Mr. De Veulle, 8, Place VendOme. 

„ Messrs. I^gstaflT and Co., 14, Rue 
d'Enghieiu 

„ Railway Station, Rue d' Amsterdam. 

HAVRE -Mr. UingsuflT, 47, Grand QuaL 
HONFLEUR— Mr. Enault. 
CAKN-Mr. P. Goupil. 
TROUVlLLE-Mr.A. M. E. FautrrL 
ST. M A LO— Captain Gaudin. 
GRANVILLE~Mr. Joualt. 
GUERNSEY— Mr. R. Spencer. 
JERSEY-Mr. E. D'. Le Couteur, 6. Bond- 
street. 
L'ORIENT— Mr. J. P. Lucas. 



NANTES— Mr. J. P. Lucas. 
BRISTOL- Mr. Hawken, No. 9. 

Chambers. 
SOUTHAMPTON— Mr. E. K. Cbric^p 

Steam Packet Supcsrintendent, RaBwaj 

Station. 
CARDIFF— Mr. Bastard, Buraham Tidal 

Harbour Company, Bute Dodks. 
GLASGOW-Messrs. William Bryctt aad. 

Co., St. Enoch-square. 
CONCARNEAU— Mr. BoumgDoL 
DOUARNENEZ— Mr. Chaites Coudii 

2UIMPER— Mr. C Omdiera. 
TEL— Mr. Hedan. 



LONDON— Mr. Leach and Mr. Williams, 51, Kmg William-street, Loodoa-bridge ; Mr. 
J. T. Haddow, Railway Goods Manager, Nine Elms Station ; Mr. Copui^ Waterloo Itlhlgll 
Station. Also of all sution masters on the London and South Western Railway. 



Our Ocean Higkmays. 



O VE RL AND ROUTE 

TO 

India, E^ypt, and Australia. 



LONDON 
LCftD.Ky. j Ludou HD] 
fOvhCrou, dct 




(Sou lb Sin.'] 
I BRUSSELS- 

(Nan)KniSui.>lcp. 



si r^';/ |d^' 



^HcriieMluil di 

ii-U-OuiKllc J a 



Ix^ j AW.«.; Id, 



>»dc:i». 


,« CW. 


FtidiV 


Friday* 


Jn :: 


10 38 „ 


"* ■■ 


Salunlij 


' ""■"■ 


4»^B. 




,..^ 


^5™ 


's.iSri!y' 


1 j» .. 


4 3? -. 


^.r«;' 


6 47^"- 




»«^*^ 


O.I :: 


!■ 4« .. 


i^i. 


" 49 .. 


' 40 i! 


: '»p.m. 



/AicluaeBbiug ... 

I Tnucbdingcn ... 

I MUNICH . _.. 



IVERONA.P.V.jJ'- 



VfiKINni!i[ Sin. 



5^ h'l 



(ALEXANDRIA 






• The tnins and beats, as shown in ihe above Tabic, ran entry Jay, with the 
eiceptiaii of the tiaiD ftom FaJua to Brinditi, which ii a Spaial Exfras, numing 
(Bly on Mettdayt Ibr the conreyance of the maiit ; there is no dqjaiture vii Oitttta 



Ixvi 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OVERLAND ROUTE (continutd,) 

THROUGH SERVICES between ALEXANDRIA and LONDON. 

HOMEWARD. 



PENINSULAR A ORIENTAL S. N. COMPANY:— 

Alexandria 



• •• • •• 



Brinoisi Quay 

SOUTH ITALIAN RAILWAY:— 
Brindisi Station 

Bologna 



•■ « ■•• 



• • •« 



UPPER ITALY RAILWAY:- 

OOLOONA ••• ••■ ••• ••• • 

V KRwN A I mT * ▼• «•• ■• ■•• •< 

Ala. 



• •• • • 



•« ••• •• 



SOUTH AUSTRIAN RAILWAY:— 

^%X£l «•■ ••• ••• ■•• ••• ••• ••• 



Botzen ... 
(Bolxano) 

Brixcn ... 
Innsbruck 



• •• •• 



• • • • 



••• ••• ••• •< 



■•• ••• •■ 



Kufstein •• 

BAVARIAN STATES RAILWAY : 



Kufstein 

Rosenheim ... 

Munich 

(MiMcheH) 

Trcuchtiingen 



• • • ••• ••• •• • • I 



• « • •• 



••• ••• ••• ••• 



•■ ••• •• 



• ■• • ■ 



AschaflTenburg ... . 

LUDWIG OF HESSE RAILWAY: 
AschaflTenburg 

JVlAVKNCK 

{Manz) 
Bingerbrflck 



• •* • • 



• • ••« 



• •• •• • 



>• •• • 



••• ••• 



■ •• • • 



• •• •• 



•■• •• • 



•« • ••• 



RHENISH RAILWAY:— 
BingerbrQck 



• •• • •• 



dep. 
arr. 

dep. 
arr. 



dep. 

( arr. 

'" (dep. 

... arr. 



•.• ... dep. 

. . • ... I Su I . 

(dep. 

iarr. 
dep. 
arr. 
dep. 

. » • . • • Su I . 



... dep. 

f arr. 

••(dep. 

... J arr. 

'dep. 

air. 

"tdep. 

... arr. 



dep. 
( arr. 
(dep. 

arr. 



Sunday noon. 



Wednesday 

A 



3 o p.in. 



z&aCL 
o p.in. 
Airvday 

8 53 a.m. 



•^ 



9 «> .» 

a la p.m. 
3 98 » 



3 59 

6 15 

6 ao 

7 43 
7 55 

II 93 

II 38 



** 
»» 



riday 



I 31 a.in. 



a o 
3 o 
3 a« 

5 X5 

6 40 

9 35 
940 



ft 

t* 

*> 



3 ^op-nu 



3 45P'm> 

S 35 

45 



>• 



I 



*t 



i&sCL 

Thunday 
a 25 pi.n. 



30,, 

• • • 

7 40 .. 
9 35 »» 



IS 

3 y> «• 
3 37 •• 

247 »• 
7 •• 

i0 3D „ 



n 10 „ 

It 3OB00D 

I SIk.m. 

340 M 

5 3» »• 

9 

4» 






3 »S«.i 






6 3«> f. 

7 V3 w 



Cologne 
(Co/h) 



... ... .. 



■•. ... ... ... 



dep. 
/ arr. 



Aix-Ia-Chapelle .. 
ilerbesthal ... 



dep. 

. ( arr. 

tdep. 









6 95 p.m. 


7 9QtL.m. 


10 „ 


II as ». 


r- N 






SLBBP. 






istC^ass. 


and Class. 


tttdaas. 


•BdClMiL 


Friday. 


Saturday. 


Saturday. 


Saturday. 


10 30 {km. 


9 15 a.m. 


It 4oa.B. 


3 op^"^ 


19 5 night 


>o 55 M 


I xspuia. 


4S0 »• 


19 fO „ 


" 3 ,. 


t ao „ 


4SS >• 


» 43 M 


II 30 ,. 


> 47 .. 


5^ •• 



Our Ocean Highways. 



THROUGH SERVICES BETWEEN ALEXANBRIA ft l^NDON <t,titiH,adl. 



BEIXJtAH STAT8S KAILWAV:- 


Vridni, 


jpd'aL. 
• 1 %• piii. 


«<ajL«. 


S»lunL.». 

i;: ;: 


Bxinnu (Ssub Sutka] ... dtp. 

B«M«a» .- .dtp 

"»• \^ 

Cikk Mt 


Silunliy 




^I >i>d ad OuL 

"sSd.r. 


1 1" "^r 


RENCBMAU.S. P.COU7ANV1' 


;K;: 


IIT 


BSIXJIAN STATES RAILWAY:- 
BuDHELsCNonhcmSuiian)... dtp 
Oitau] SUI><« HB. 

BKLCIAS GOVT. STEAMERS !- 
OModQuay dip. 


SilunUy. 


s op.m. 


,1 .,un,ghL 


SOUTH EASTERN RAILWAY :- 

chBiBgtS^ ;■; ::: ::: :: T 

LON. CHATHAM & DOVER RV :~ 

vSf"'!' ::: ::: ::. "■ 

LONDON 


Silimljy. 


Sundjiy. Sundiy. 
Sumliy Su„<Uy. 


Sundnj. 



Putic* wbo do ihot with 
lovns, uamnced 

^HenRn who object to 
■•ch Swtdirr loB r~ m(r. 



by nighi m 
to trtHlling on Si-uiar. 
between Ancona ud B 



■hould leiK Lmdn sae day eiilKi fa' 



Ixviii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OVERLAND VLOVTJL (amimmd). 



< 

m 

OS 
> 



Q 
Z 

< 

m 

Q 
Z 

m 

o 
z 

< 

z 

o 

Q 

z 

o 

I-) 

z 
n 

09 

< 

OS 

o 

H 

09 
09 

< 







o 



e 









s,« 



^IfaT' 









.s 






M 
Ok 






(X) 

o 
o 



O 
O 

O 



I i 



Z 
W 
H 

CO 

O 

> 

O 



;3 

(X) 

> 

o 

Q 



< 

> 

o 

> 

Q 
Z 

< 

09 
S 

z 

n 

z 
< 

z 
o 

Q 

z 
o 
•J 

z 

09 

< 

O 

< 

o 
o 

D 
•J 



» 
o 

H 

> 
O 

n 

•< 



K 
M 



M 
O 

at 
< 
X 
u 

H 



fa . 









as 

a 



M 
A 



M 

n 



8 



J 



I 






.a 

<3 



•O ov» 



en 



i 



•A tn 



^ 



« 



z 



o 
o 

o 
u 



z 
o 

Q 
Z 
O 



Q 
Sz; 

P< 

PQ 
Q 

< 

o 
o 

o 



•8 



c/} 




Out Ocean Highways. 



OVERLAND ROUTE Cc»«(i-.-frf>. 

MONT CENIS ROUTE TO BRINDISI & TRIESTE.- 

FRENCH, SWISS, AND ITALIAN RAILWAYS. 



ri /PAIUS 



h^^Aa". 



■■■{d^ 



-{dip; 



LiluJcbaitrf 
Mxdlnc 



IP- 



n'cIj^kI 



HuKillu .. 

fc:: ; 



DIRECT FARES FOR ITALY. 



D«in.don. 


PA-.S. 


J>l«0«- 1 LVON.. 1 CKirv,. 


(iKKHOStK 








aj fr, 8s c. 




sB ff . cs c. 






























































































VD..C 










.o^fr .5 0, 


""1 


<BC. 




• ForTrieile 


direct Kule, 


>ccu«Icrh« 


«ion 


ciolc 


inCuetKCr. 








Ixx 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OVERLAND ROUTE (amtiMutdl 

The Lines of Communication embraced by the Peninaular ft Oxiental 
Steam Navigation Company's operations are as follows, vis. — 



Ports. 



■ • • •• 



• • • •• 



GIBRALTAR ... . 

MALTA 

ALEXANDRIA . 

^\ XJ C# *^ • • • • • • 

BOMBAY 

^y/Vl.«J-«I!« ••• "•• ••• "•• 
AflAAyix^»d ■•• ••• ••• 

CALCUTTA 

PENANG 

SINGAPORE 

HONG KONG 

SHANGHAI 

YOKOHAMA 

K. GEORGE'S SOUND- 
MELBOURNE ... 
SYDNEY 



Date and Hour or Dbpartusb. 



From Southampton. | From Brindisi. 



Every Saturday, at 9 p.m. 



..\ 



»» 



t* 
*■ 
»* 

»* 






Every Tuesday, at 9 A.II. 



Saturday, ist April a p.m., 

and every alternate Saturday 

thereafter. 






•• 



>» 



:( 



Saturday, 15th April, a p.m. 

and every fourth Saturday 

thereafter. 



Tueadsy, sxth Aptil, • a.ii.» 

and every alternate "HiadRy 

tnereaner. 



/Tuesday, 35th April, a A.ii.» 
< and every fourth TueKlay 
( thereafter. 



For details, see Tables. 



INDIA, CHINA, AND JAPAN. 

P.is^ngers leaving Southampton by the P. and O. Company'ii Meamen Ua Aden, Cayloa, 
Madras, Calcutta, Pcnanc, Singapore, Batavia, Hong Kong, .Shanghai, or Yokohama, arrive 
at Gibraltar about the fifth day, and after staying alwut &ix nours, proceed to Malta, at 
port they remain about twelve hours : and then leave for Alexandria, arriving there 
dinar>' circumstances in about thirteen days from Southampton. 

Passengers are conveyed through Egypt as oointed out. 

At Suez, passengers embark on board one ol the Company's steamen, which is in 
to receive them. 

Passengers for Penang, Singapore. Bafcavia, China, and Japan are on arrival at Poiat de 
Callc (Ceylon), transferred into another of the Company's steamers. 

At liong-kong passengers for Shanghai arc transferred into a branch steamer, and 
for Yokohama into another steamer proceeding direct to that port. 

llie Company's steamers leave Brindisi fur Alexandria every Tuesday, at 3 a m. 

ArrangemenLs having been made with the British India St«tm Navigation Con, 
sengers are now booked through to any of the ports touched at by that Company's 
at proportionate rates. 

BATAVIA AND PORTS IN THE DUTCH ARCHIPELAGO. 

Arrangements having been made for the conveyance of passengers from SuMapote bv titt 
steamers of the Netherlands India Steam Navigation Company, ikr^ugk tiemis an imnmi 

from Southampton and BrindisL 



Our Ocean Ilighme^s. 






OVERLAND ROUTE 
BOMBAY. 

P^F^nffcn tor Boaibay Tt coareytfil \iy tJi« Ctnnpftpy'a kteunca JsviDp SQuHuuiplon 
(nrr Salunlir, Hi 1 p.m.. Hid HrinlBi curt Tusdav. al la-DL 

ntt^n^cn w convcynl throufih Esypi u poinicd QUI below. At Sue* Utcy vmtark on 
kssrd one irfihe CodpHin:r~> ^Kumrn, >*nich isth rcotlinen [orecein ihcm. 

AUSTRALIA. 

Tbe iBailtiuidHweBgEnuantI (tool Auftnklia. viJ £gy|K. ue convcyEd by ideuu dT a 

IvhJi Uscof pKleu brnrcep Ccyloo. KIclbaunic, uu) Sydney (touching at Miu GcorgcV 

SiBi^ Id t«kJ), ninniDgin coacen with one of the (vnni^hlly liQc of aicunen on theCalcolla 

^^ .^... J ...... I.. ...-.-...I ^.1.-- ..-. c. Smigmlit., CtmMnx 

■H aw trtdmd u riHiM eana ami tatttlihr Ikr fillatuiiir pmrlt in Nrm X.alni^. 
tm. ;—//itMhr, UVW"*. N'piir, Taroxah, UfmsaxiH. Ahiilaiul, LfinlUn (C-tK- 
Imtmi9l, At BIng. Dnntdin lOlttsl. NiUnt, Wr-lfert, a^ CrtTtaaoli. 

ROUTE. 



ii pon ikej will be 



hHaiflcr^ for Krie Gmrm*i Soitodp Mdbourue. and Sydney, If 
towlh SktunUf . uid Unndi&i erenr rourtli T^leH)3T (hc Tjibleij, i 
taHoneadbxCilaiiatuuDcnn •vafrforPwiudg GiUc jI 









TRANSIT THROUGH EQYPT. 

n booked Ihnui^ by Ihe F 




inveyrd fron. 
:hc LgyptiiB 



CONDITIONS, REGULATIONS, AND GENERAL INFOR- 
MATION OF THE P. AND O. STEAM NAVIGATION 
COMPANY. 






pany't eipen«e. logetber with ihc alluidAnce of experienced male and female servant 

Scrvanu wJkiting graluiues *ill be dismiued from the Company';^ seivice. 

Fvungm art met mSlmid U takt m. iimrd mm. i^inlt. trailer litmrt./sr 
iB^ tht voyagr, ait amfU xlgek t^it^/biiniprattided tit board at madtraU frUts. 

Railwiy ticlmtfiirlheiBunieylhiDugh Eeypl are Ijjued by the IgMlUof the I 
on behalf of the EgypiHi Confmnent al the (oNnwiiig nies vii:— 

For fim-cliB pauenstn {,% o a | Foi Kcood-claM pasungera {.■■ 

Children aborc 3 and under 10 yean, halfure. 




Ixxii Our Ocean Highways. 

OVERLAND ROUTE (ccnHnwd). 

Or it is optional with the passengers to pay the Company for the sea passage only, aad 
pay their own transit through Egypt upon arrival at Alexandria or Suez, as the case nuy 1 

Half the amount of passage money, when the passage exceeds jCao, is required to be pi 
on securing passage, and the balance a fortnight before embaricaticm. 

Passengers not embarking after engaging passage, to forfeit the depo«t of half the amoa 
of passage money. 

In case, however, of a passenger being unavoidably prevented from avauling himself of 
passage at the period for which it is taken, a transfer of tne passage can be effected to a N 
.sequent steamer, on sufficient notice being given, without forfeiture of any portion of i 
deposit paid, and accommodation will be allotted as similar as circumstances will pemut. 

Passengers purchasing their tickets from the purser on board the steamer will be diaif 
ten per cent, additional. 

In remitting a sum of money to the Company on account of passage, if by cheque it is I 
commended, for the sake of security, to write across the cheque the name of the Compaq 
bankers, " Messrs. WiUiams^ Deacon and Co. ;" if by order, letter of credit, or otherwiM^ 
should be in favour of the " Peninsular and Oriental Steam Naxngaiion Company." 

Passengers to or from Australia, the Straits, China, or Japan, have the pnvilege of f^ 
ceeding viA Bombay, staying a week or fortnight there, at their own expense, or they f| 
proceed viA Madras or Calcutta and Bombay, paying their own expense across India. . 

Passengers must cornel f wth the regulations established on board the steamert i 
general comfort and safety. 

No berth or cabin is to be occupied by a passenger without application to the agotj 
shore, or to the purser on board. It is to be understood that a passenger occupying a a 
of two or more berths, on the departure of the vessel (unless he shall have paid an additifl 
sum for its exclusive occu|)ation), is not to object to the vacant berth or bertns being filkd 
at the intermediate ports, if required. 

Passengers will have to defray their otvn expenses for hotels^ in the event of 

tent ion. 

The trains to Southampton leave the Waterloo Bridge Station at 7.30, 8.10 (mailX 
■ I. 15 a.m. I, q.is, 4.20, 5.1^, and 9 (mail) p.m. Passengers should be at the stations laf 
a quarter of an nour before the trains start. 

"NoTfL— The passage tickets are granted by the Company ^ subject to certain com 
and regulations, which are endorsed thereon ; and before the tickets can be meuU avt 
J he passengers must subscribe to the conditions, by affi.Mng their signatures thereto. 



THE NILE, SYRIA, THE LEVANT, AND 

THE RED SEA. 

1. Tliere are r^^ular and frequent communications between ALE] 
DRIA and Port Said, JaflGi (y&r Jerusalem), Caifa, St. John d*Acre, B< 
Tripoli, Latakia, Alexandretta, Mersina, Cyprus, Rhodes, Smyrna, &a, 
Ismaila, Suez, and the Red Sea. 

2. The service is performed by the steamers of His Highness the KHl 
DIVE OF EGYPT, of the MESSAGERIES MARITIMEsI 
France, of the AUSTRIAN LLOYD, and of the RUSSIAN STeJ 
NAVIGATION AND TRADING Companies. | 

3. A steamer leaves SUEZ every altemaU Monday for the RED 8% 
Ports, and passenger steamers run on the NILE between CAIRO 
UPPER EGYPT, at short intervals, from November to March, 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GEO. NEIGHBOUR & SONS, 

il Merchants, Italian IVarehousemen, &c., 

INVirE AITKNTION Til IHEIK 

, SAFETY LILLIPUTIAN 

^MkUBEH CANDLE LAMPS, 




oap, Oils, Candles, & other GoodSt at lowest 
possible Prices for Ready Money, 

LISTS POST FREE ON APPLICATION. 

Address GEO. NEIGHBOUR & SONS, 

U9, Recent Street, London, W., 
Iso at 127, High Holborn, W.C. 




Our Ocean Highways. 



ESTABLISHED 60 YEARS, 

BENNETT BROTHERS, 

HOT-WATER ENGINEERS, 

Kitcben Batise ^aiiets, 

HORTICULTURAL MACHINISTS, 

HARDWARE FACTORS, 



AMI 



FURNISHING IRONMONGERS. 

foundry and Works: — 

Sir Thomas's Buildings; 

Shozo Rooms and Warehouse (corner of Sir Thomas's 
Buildings) : — Adjoining the Works, 

Victoria Street, LIVERPOOL. 

Plain & Ornamental Ironwork supplied for 

PUBUC INSTITUTIONS CHURCHES 

WORKHOUSES MANSIONS 

FACTORIES STABLES 

HOTELS WASH-HOUSES 

RES TA URA NTS LA UN DRIES 

STEAMERS FARMS 

CONSERVATORIES. PLEASURE GROUNDS. 

Improved Lightning Conductors and Weather Vanes. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



BREECH -LOADING GUNS. 
RIFLES & PISTOLS, 

WHISTLER'S, 

II, STRAND, 

You caa obtain either of the above, by every Maker, Second-hand ; 

voir WILL ALSO FIND 

PLATE, WATCHES, JEWELLERY 

Plated Goods of every Description ; 

in fact it is a complete Cabinet, having a little of 
Everything to choose from. 

It would repay any Purchaser to look round his 
Choice Collection. 

ANYTHINQ TAKEN IN EXCHANGE IN LIEU OP MONEY. 



EDWARD WHISTLER, 
11, STRAND, 

OPPOSITE TRAFALGAR SQUARE. 




PART n. 



GREAT BRITAIN 



Ports of 
Destination. 



ABERDEEN 



ALDERNEY ... 
ANSTRUTHER 
ARDROSSAN ... 

A\ Ix ... ... ... 

BANGOR 



BARROW-IN-FUR 

NESS 

BARROW ... 



BEAUMARIS 
BELFAST .. 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies* Offices. 



••• ••• ••• ••• 

Aberdeen, Leith, and Qyde 
Steam Ship Co. 



tf 



t* 



... ... ... ... 



.•• •«. ... ••• 

Aberdeen, Leith, and Qyde 
Steam Ship Co. 



M 



» 



Queen of the Isles Steam 
Ship 

«•• ••• ••• ••« 

Glasgow and South Western 

Railway Co. 
Dundalk Steam Packet Co. 

74, Broomielaw, Glasgow ... 

•■• ••• ••• •»# 

The Midland R^way Co., 
St. Pancras, London 

Barrow Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Handysidc and Henderson. 

47, Union Street. Glasgow 
Captain Payne, Agent, ao, 

Water-street, Liverpool 
Glasgow and South Western 

Railway Ca 
Midland Railway Co., St. 

Pancras, London 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Edinburgh 
Granton 

Kirkwall 

Orkney 

Lerwick 

tnd Kirkwall 
London ... ... 

Aberdeen Steam 
Wharf, Wapping 
Newcastle 

Stomoway 

Thurso 

wicic ••• t*. ... 

Guernsey 

Edinburgh 

Leith 
Belfast 



... •.. 



Newry ... ... 

Glasgow ... ... 

Liverpool ... ... 

Belfast 



••• •• 



Douglas, Isle of 
Man 

Glasgow 

vid Greenock 
Liverpool 

Ardrossan... ... 



Barrow 
PielPier 



Date of Sailing. 



Every Tuesday. Tidal 
Monday, Hdal 



••• ••« ••• 



Friday, Tidal 

Once a week. Tidal 



»» 



*> 



>> 



I* 



Tuesday and Saturday ... 

Twice a week. Tidal 

Monday, Wedneiday, and 

Friday, 7. 30 {km. 
Saturday ... 



••• •«• ••• 



«•• ••• 



■ ••• 



Monday, 3 p.m. 

Daily 1 . 

Daily, except Sunday ... 

Daily, except Sunday ... 
Wednesday noon ... ^ 

A^mXMJf ••• ••• ••• ••• «•• 

Tuesday, Thuradmy, and 

Saturday 
Daily, cxcqit 

Tidal 



LOCAL STEAM LINES. 





F^rti 


Halu^«'attL 






FmlClau. 


&™nJ 


a^ 






Sincte 


B«um. 


Si«gl.. 


R«i,m. 






£ : i 


£ t. ^ 


^ <. - 


£ •■ ^ 








»••" 


... 


I I I 




Ever/ Fiiday, T^il. 






— 


■r* 


III 


:. 


'■•' 


Monday. Tidal. 


J^n Milne, minigtr. ii. 
M..riKh^-M.. Abcrd«n. 




a •(. a 


... 


o (, 6 












":' 


"r'° 


':' 






Tuesday. ThurviAy, and 
Saturday cvsmng. 

Thurslay, 3 p.m. 


D. D,cl,c. hn-. Cb.K™, 














DaUy. 








. n,i„.lh 




1 ffiuolh 


Sunday. 
Daily, (iccpl Eoadiy ... 
Samrday noon ... ... „. 

Daily. 


j.Lt,V'^jr...r..„„,- 




::.: 


."mnlh 


l\l 


• 


;. 


Mi't.day. WedMwlay, and 


R, Hcrdctwn & Son, Btl. 

M«^ J- LiiH. S Lo. 
Uoqetll (Juav. BclfaM 




Ixxvi 



Onr Occafi Ilighivays, 



GREAT BRITAIN 



Port^^ of 
Destination. 



BELFAST 



LIDEFORD 

BRIC.HTON 
BRISTOL 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



R. Henderson & Son, Belfast 



City of Dublin Steam Packet 
Co. , 1 5, Kden (^uay, Dublin 

North I^ncashire Steam Na- 
vigation Co. 

Glasgow and South Western 
Rail^'ay Co. 

Roj'al Mail Steamers 

Bel&st Steam Ship Co. 






I^ndon and North Western 
Railway and North Lan- 
cajJiire Steam Navigation 
Co.— Kemp & Co., Fleet- 
wood 

British & Irinh Steam Packet 
Co. — Hartley & Co., 
I^eadenhall-street, London 

Midland Railway Ca, St. 
, Pancras Station, I.«ndon 



• • ■ • • 



•■• •■• •■• 



R. Henderson and Son. Bel- 
fast 



••■ ••• ••■ 



Brighton Steam Packet Co. 

Robert Henderson & Son, 
Old Custom-house-build- 
ings, Belfaitt. 



• •• •• 



•• • ••• •«• 



Midland RaiU-ay Ca, St 

Pancra« Station. 
City uf Dublin Co. 



• • • •• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



■ » ••• 



Bristol 
Cardiff 



Carlbtle 

X'iA Whitehaven 
Cork ... 



• • •• • 



Dublin 
Fleetwood... 



■ •• • 



Glasgow 
X'iik Ardrossan 

Glasgow 

Liverpool ... .... 

Clarence Dock 
Liverpool 



London 
viA. Fleetwood 



• « •• • 



• ••• 



London 
viA Plymouth 

London 

viA Barrow 
Plymouth. 

Waterford 

viA Glasgow and 

Cork 
Whitehaven ... 

Bristol, calling at 
Ilfracombeand 
Lynmouth 

Ncwhaven. 



Date of Sailing. 



Wednesday and Saturday, 

Tidal 
Saturday, Tidal 

Once a week. Tidal 



*f 



»• 



Tuesday, Tidal 

Daily (except SundayX 

about 7.30 p.m. 
Tuesday, Thunday, and 

Saturday, 8.40 p.m. 

Daily (except Sunday^ 

5 p.m. 
Daily (except SundayX 

Tulal 



Daily (except SundayX 
EuAon Station, 11.15 

a.m. 



Belfa«»t 



•■ ■ ••• 



Bideford, calling 

at Ilfracombe 
Cardiff, fiif Por- 

tishead 
Carmarthen 



Cork ... 
DubUn 



• • ••• 



• • ••• 



Every 10 da)*s. 



Daily, except Sunday, 
St. Pancras, 10 xm. 



Friday 

Tuesday, Tidal 

Twice a week. Tidal 



Every Mondayand Thuzv 
day. Tidal 

Twice a week. Tidal ... 

Daily, except Sunday 

Once a week ... »• m. 

Tuesday and Fiiday. TmUI 

Once a urede. Tidal ... ... 



Our Ocean Highways. 



BAM I.1NES. 





Dal.i.fDtpartTm 
Hon«-a.tL 






s.™acw. 


Agents al Ouipon-. 


m. 


Singli:. 


R»um. 




d. 


i • <! 


L : d- 


Mor^y, Tidal 


R. Mcndcwu d Son. OW 
Cuuoa-hou. - bo. IScUiul. 


y' 


" * " 


iSday, 


OncE ■ wcdc. lldil. 




..thr 




."n.^.g 


Daily. n<xfL Sunday, 

>,.'«; ™»j.„™. 

Friday, 7»P-ni. 10 Ar- 

dnuiBD : itena by rail 

Daily, ti«pi Simday, 

Daily, eiMpl Sunday, 

Doncpil Qmy. 


Charley ud »UlMl>n, ». 
Dooeial Quay. lUliut 

CiMom-hsuK- buiUlinga, 

John IttcKfc. DoncGi^ 
guay, Btllasu 


.i 


' '= " 


— "^' 


Driny, except Siind;>y. 
7.3Pp.in. 


Hindcnnn & Co. », Do- 
Dcgal Quay, BelGut 


•M 


■ 's - 


, .8 6 


DaUy. e.utpl Sunday ... 

WcJnMjny. 
Wtdnciday, Tidal 


Mmtj, J. Little * Co., 
DsncEal Quay. BelQut 

Cusioni.huu..bg>,Ke'lful, 


, e 


a .0 fi 




WtdiicvlayandKali.rJay, 

■li|.k= a week. Tidal. 

°'^'&al""" """'''■ 
Mncc a WHk. 

T«»)ay R Friday. Tidal 

C.imbtiland Ua<in 
Once a KMk, Tidal. 


Mark WT,it*=U S: Son. 
Quay. Lri.wJ. 

3;. PriocH-UKtl, BiiiuL 




Ixxviii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAIN 



Ports of 
Destination. 



BRISTOL .. 



■ • •• • 



• • • • • 



• • a • • 



BURNTISLAND .. 

BURTON STA- 
THER 

BUITERWICK .. 

CAMPBELLTOWN 

CARDIFF 



CARLISLE 



■ • • • • 



CARMARTHEN ... 
CLACTONONTHE 

k^ Etj «\ •■• ••• •>• 



I..ocal Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



Wm. Sloan & Co., 34, Both- 
well-street. (Glasgow 

Liverpool and Bristol Chan- 
nel Steam Navigation Co., 
4. Kumford-place, Liver- 
pool 



Ports of 
Departure. 



*» 



The Gainsborough United 
Steam Packet Co. 



• • • •• 



R. Henderson and Son, Bel- 
fa:»t 



■ • •• ■ 



••• ••• ••• 



V vlx^ ••• ••• 



■ • ••• 



Cork Steam Ship Co., Pen- 

n)se Quay, Cork 
W. Sloan and Co., 34, Both- 

well-.^t., (.tla.Ngow 



GU»gow calling 

at Belfast 
Liverpool 



Milford 

Neath 

Newport 

Beaufort Wharf 
Swansea 

Edinburgh 

fid Granton 
Hull. 



Date of Sailing. 



Wednesday and Saturday, 

Tidal 
Every Saturday, Tidal ... 



Once a week 

Twice a week. Tidal 

■•• ••• ••• ••• 

Every Wednesday 

Daily 



»• • •• 



■ • ••« 



• • • •• 



Glaitgow 

viA Greenock 
Belfast 



• •a a • • 



Bristol 

viA Porti»head 
Portishead 

Bumham. 



■ •• • 



• • a ■• 



• • • ••• 



■ • ••• 



City of Dublin Co. 



• • • • • 



North British Steam Packet 
Co., 5, Chapel-street, 
Liverpool 



•• ••• ••• 



Woolwich Steam Packet Ca 
Limited, Woolwich 



••• ••• ••• 



Midland Railway Ca, Lon- 
don, and 32, Princes-sL, 
Bristol 



Cork ... 

Penrose Quay 

Glasgow 



••• ••• 



Belfast 
viA Whitehaven 
Douglas, Isle of 
Man, nVlSUtoth 
Dublin 

^ nVf Silloth 

Liverpool 

viA Silloth, 

Clarence Dock 

Newry 

viA Silloth 
Bristol 



Tuesday, Thursday, and 

Saturday, 7 a.m. 
Monday, Tidal 

Daily, except Sunday ^. 



••• •• 



London Bridge... 



Belfast 

viA Glasgow 

Bristol 

Cumberiand Basin 



Wednesday, Tidal 

Saturday, Tidal 

Once a week, lldn]... ». 

Twice a week ..• 

Twice a week. Tidal 

Daily, except Simdar, 
Tidal 



Once a week 



>■• ••• 



Duly, 9.30 a.m., except 
Sunday, during S 



vveoneKUiy •«• ••• ••• 

Tuesday and Friday. TUal 



Our Ocean Highways. 



STEAM LINES. 



Fkh. 


DaieofDeparlure 
Hamcward. 




a>«. 


Second Clas. 


Agoxii al Ouipons. 


Ketun.. 


Sb«I=. 


Renin.. 




•f,-.; 


f « tt 


lid. 


Twice > ««k. nU. 
Enry Tuesday, Tidit ... 

ODceawHk .. 

Twi« a week, Tidil ... 
FremBaiurjlBuIi. ... 

Itoily. 

Monday, Wednesday, and 

SatuTd^J.'TldJ: 

DaiJy. Hcepi Sunday. 


C. n. Evani, Liwmel 

Sleam Wharf, Briud. 

C. F. Webb uid Co. 


i mom]. 


.,. 




Satuiday, Tidal 


E. C, Downing. Cardifl- 


rtday^ 


060 


is'dlyl 


OncaweelcTKlal, 
RaillTT>n<aade1taWb]n!- 




ULy, 


\\\ 


I4-; 


Fran audcl Sution, aJ- 


Jams Dmce. Caoal Su- 
lion, CatliJe. 






- s ^ 


Dally, eicepi Sun day, dur- 
ing Sunima, 11.30 a,ni. 






OD 




Onee a week. 




i;i.,^. 


""' '' 




Tumlayuul Friday, Tida] 


Mbsh. WetU & HnlBlai., 
3, PenroK Quay, CoiV. 




Ixxx 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAIN 





Local Steam line 








Ports of 


and 


Ports of 


Date of Sailing. 




Destination. 


Companies* Offices. 


Departure. 






^^^^XV^W ••« ••• ••• •■• 


Cork Steamship Co., Pen- 
rose Quay 


Cardiff 


Saturday, Tidal 




yy ••• ••• ••• 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


Crosshaven. 






y* ••• ••• ••• 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


Dublin 


Thursday 




yy ■•• ••• ••• 


Oyde Shipping Co., a, Os- 
wald-street, Glasgow 


Glasgow 


Monday, Wednesday, aod 
Friday, 1 p.m. 




yy ••• ••• ••• 


Cork Steam Ship Co. — 
J. Hartley & Co., 137, 
Leadenhall-street, E.C. 


London 

Miner's Wharf 


Thursday, 8 a.m. 




yy ••• ••• •>• 


Cork Steam Ship Co.— Wil- 
son, Son, and Walter, 30, 


Liverpool 


Tuesday, Thursday, and 
Saturday, Tidal 






Nelson Dock 






Water-street, Liverpool 








^f ••• ••• ••• 


Cork Steam Ship Co.. Pen- 
rose Quay 


Milford 


••• ••• ••• •«, 




fy ••• ••• ••• 


tt *t 


Newport 


Wednesday, Tidal 




yy ••• ••• ••• 


»» »» 


Plymouth 

Mill Bay Pier 


Saturday, 8 a.m. 




y^ ••• ••• ••• 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


Queenstown. 






^vltvlV 


«•« •>• ••• ••• 


Waterford 


Once a week „. 




COWES(WEST),Iile 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


Kyoe ... ... ... 


Frequent daily 




of Wight 




Portsmouth 


»» >* 




»» ••• 


••• •»• ••• ••• 


Southampton ... 


»» f» 


1 


CROSSHAVEN ... 


••• ••• ••• ••• 




••• ••• ••■ •«« 




DARTMOUTH ... 


••• ■•• ••• ••• 


Totnes. 






X/J-*jVJi^ ••• ••■ ••• ••• 


Woolwich Steam Packet Co. 
Limited, Woolwich 


Dover 


D:uly at 4.p.m.. except 
Sundays, in June, July, 
August, and Sepc 




ly ••• ••• ■•# 


t* t* 


Ramsgate 

(Royal Harbour) 
London 


Daily, as above, at to a.ak 




DEVONPORT 


South Devon Shipping Co.. 
South Devon Wharf, 


Tuesday and Friday. 
((^aigoonlyX 






London, E. 








DOUGLAS (ISLE... 
OF MAN) 


Barrow Steam Navigation 


Barrow-in-Fur- 


Daily, ezccpc Sundsy ^ 




Ca 


ness 






■■ ••• •■• ■•• 


■•• ••• ■•• ••• 


Dublin. 






II ••• ••• ••• 


The Isle of Man Co. 


Liverpod 


Afteraoon daily, except 






Steamers 




Sunday 




fl ••• •>• ••• 


••• •■• ••• ■•• 


Silloth 


... ... ••■ ,„ 




DOVER 


Woolwich Steam Packet Co. 
Limited, Woolwich 


Ueal ... •.. ... 


Daily, exc«»t Sondayi, in 
June, July, August, and 

Daily, as above, at 10 a.ak 




19 ••• ■•• ••• 


tt i* 


Ramsffate 

(Royal Harbour) 

Liverpool 

CollingwoodDock 












DROGHEDA 


The Drogheda Steam Packet 
Co. 


FourtwMiwDdUy.TUd 





n^^^^i^^^^^i 


Our Ocean Highways. Ixxxi 


LOCAL 


STEAM LINES. 




••"• 


H(«««.nl. 




"-— 


SeoinJ aa«. 


Agenti ai Ouiporti 


Suwle. 


Het^Bi. 


Sioilt 


Retu™. 




£ 1. d. 


Z '. d. 


I : J. 


Z .. WL 


r«w. 






».c. o 


- 


, A « 


... 


On«.™l,. 






<,%1 t. 


l'm»ub 


eio e 




Pinnwe Quay, Monday, 

TueKlay& rridiy.ridal 

Thu~)ay, Tidal 


PenroK Quay, Cork, 




9 IT 4 


I'nmth 


s la G 




Tuesday, Thunday, and 
Saiunlay, lldal 

'dJ^lX'''' ""' 
Ptnioic Quay. Monday, 

Thu^y. rroiii ren™« 


Cork Ste.ni Ship Ca. 
Pinrmeyusy. Cork. 




IM 


, 


:■; 


/- 


Once a week, from Pcn- 








o 3 o 


o 1 6 


o . 9 


" 






O .1 o 


.V.K 


o 6 = 


.-..U' 


Daily, etcepi Sunday. >n 
June. July. August, and 
Sep.cn.ber, 

Daily, ejicept Sunday. 

day 

Dally, t««rt Sund-iy., in 
June. July, Auguil, and 

Dail'^a«.l«>.=,at4p.iTi. 


J<An J. Goldumib, Dou- 
gla.. 






M^iy." 


"iittk 




Fou> tioiei weekly, lldal 


Peter 0'Ncin.D.DEl>"la. 




Ixxxii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRIT. 



Pom of 
Destination. 



DUBLIN 



• «• •• 



•as ••• ••• 



■ • ••• • t • 



Local Steam line 

and 
Companiea^ Offices. 



■ I • •• 



••• ••• •• 



DUBLIN 

(see KINGSTOWN) 

DUBLIN 



t* 



»» 



>t 



it 



»•• •• 



■• ••• ••• 



•I 



it 



it 



■• • •■• 



•• • •• • 



■ • •• • 



DUNCANNON 
DUNDALK 
DUNDEE ... 



■ • • ••• 



The aty of DubUn Co. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



DateofSaulini 



••• •■« 



••• ••• 



The Gty of Dublin Co. ... 



The British and Irish Steam 
Packet Co. 



• • • •• • 



The Chester and Holyhead 

Ca (L. & N. W. Rfy.) 
Royal Mail Steamers 

Dublin and Glasgow Steam 
Packet Co.— Lewis Potter 
& Ca, 72, Great Qyde- 
street, Glasgow 

Robert Henderson & Son, 
Old Custom-house-build- 
ings, Belfiftst 

Midiaixi RaUway Co., St. 
Pancras Station, London 

British & Irish Steam Packet 
Co.— J. Hartley & Co., 
137, Leadenhall-sL, E.C 

City of Dublin Steam Packet 
Company 



it 



it 



»•• ■•« ••• ••« 



Dundalk Steam Pftcket Ca 
Limited 

Dundee, Perth, and London 
Shtppiog Ca - J. W. Kidd, 
973> Wapping, £. | 



Belfast 

Donegal Quay 

Bristol 

Cumberland Basin 

Carlisle 

vid Silloth 
Cork. 

Watefford 

Douglas 

Isle of Man. 
Leith and Edin- 
burgh 
vid Silloth. 

Falmouth 

Calling at Ply- 
mouth, South- 
ampton, Ports- 
mouth & London. 

Holyhead 

tnd Kingstown. 

Holyhead^ 

Glasgow ... ... 

vid Greenock 
Glasgow 

wid Greenock 



Wednesday, Tidal 
Once a week 
Twice a week ... 

Wednesday 



Glasgow 
vid Ardrossan 



• ••• 



London ... .. 
vid Liverpool 
London 



... ... 



Liverpool 

Clarence Dock 

Liverpool 

Trafalgar Dock 
Newrcastle 

^ vid Silloth 
Silloth 

Whitehaven ... 

Waterliora ... 

Liverpool. 

London 



••• •• 



Monday and Fridaj 
afternoon 



Twice a day, exoef 

day 
Daily, except Sundi 

^ p.m. 
Daily, I p.m., exocpi 

day 



Three times weddy 



Daily, except S«d 
from St Pancims S 

Saturday and Wed» 
8 a.m., Miller's ^ 

Daily, except S« 

Tidal 
M(»iday, Wednesda; 

Friday 
Rail to SiUoth twice 1 

Twice a w«ek ... , 



Daily ... ... a,. 



Wednesday and Sati 
xoa.111. 



^^^^^^^^^^19 


Oter Ocean Highwe^s. Ixxxiii 


LOCAL STEAM LINES. 






F. 


rti. 










DaMotDtmnure 


Agents at Outportl. 


Flnldiu. 


SemndClau. 


1 Hb(1c. 


R«.n, 


Single. 


Rtnim. 


{. ,. a 


£ : J- 


£ .. 't. 


i. ,. d. 


Tgaday, TldiJ. North 
North WalJ. On«»w«k 


Quay, Dublin."'' *" 


v° 


Uiy. 


... 


:.« 


Ev«yThuf«l*y. 




L 


— 


.... 


•U^ 


North WaLL Tidal. W«l- 
ncaday and Saiurdj)-. 


^■a'ir.d'i.s.'S'i" 


... 




... 




NdrthWail. T«iceaday. 
uutil Sunday. 






.'.'..i 


" ' " 


™,: 


Monday, Tuoday, Wcd- 
nnday, and Friday. 


A.&C. Taylor, Ed tn Quay. 
Dublin. 




.'m™ih 






ThnctunKWHkl]-. 




, . . 


I'numllu 


= ,S o 


■Hi 


Diily, eicepi Sunday, 
WcdDtKtayandSalaiday. 


MtHts. Wclij S Holohan, 

C^l"a?d"f;a?"'J;''Ed« 
(Juay, Dul.li.1 


z\ 


oiB o 


o 8 o 


OT. O 


Dail/, CHcept Sunday. 

North Wall, Monday,Wtd- 
BBday,* Friday, Tidal 


OfEcu,Ed.nQuay.Dublin. 




.aiy. 


o 6 « 




T-.i«aw«l. 
Daily. 




... 


.8d.y. 


.„. 


l<i iSy." 


WedntKlay and Saturday, 
Tidal 


DuBd«, Ptrth. and r™. 

don Shipping Ci> . Tho- 
mM Cooper, DundM. 




Ixxxiv 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAIN 



Ports of 
Destination. 



DUNDEE 



>> 



DUXDRUM 



EDINBURGH 
(GRANTON) 

EDINBURGH 
(LEITH) 

EDINBURGH 
(GRANTON) 

EDINBURGH... 
(LEITH) 



EDINBURGH 
(GRANTON) 






>> 



EDINBURGH... 
(LEITH) 

EDINBURGH... 



EDINBURGH... 
(GRANTON) 

EDINBURGH... 
(LEITH) 



• • • • • 



EDINBURGH... 
(GRANTON) 



n 



•■• ■•« •#• 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies* Offices. 



Dundee, Perth, and London 
ShippingCo. — J.W. Kidd, 
273, wapping, E. 



■• • • • • 



■ • • • • 



• • • • • 



Aberdeen, Leith, and Clyde 
Steam Ship Company 



• • •• • 



> • • • • 



The City of Dublin 0>. ... 



Aberdeen, Leith, and Qyde 
Steam Ship Co. 



• • • • • 



• • ••• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Hull 



■t ••• ••• 



Newcastle 

Silloth 
Workington 
Whitehaven 
Aberdeen ... 

Anstruther 

Burntisland 



Douglas, Isle of 
Man, xHA Sil- 
loth 

Dublin, viA Sil- 
loth 

Hull ... 




Once a week, Friday 



»f 



Wednesday, Friday, and 
Saturday, Tidal 



Twice a week 



Daily 



a • • ■• • 



■ • • ••• 



■ • •• ■ 



General Steam Navigation 
Co., IrongateWharl, Lon- 
don 

London & Edinburgh Steam 
Ship Co., Hermitage Stm. 
Wharf, Wapping, E. 



■ a • • • 



Aberdeen. Leith. and Clyde 
Steam Ship Co. 



*t 



>» 



a 



Kirkwall, Ork- 
ney, viA Aber- 
deen 

Lerwick, Shet- 
land 

Leven. 



Liverpool 

viA Silloth.CHa- 
rence Dock 

London 

Irongate Wharf. 



• •• •• 



London ^ 
Hermitage 
Wharf 

Newcastle... 

Stomoway 



Thurso 



••■ ••■ 



Saturday 

Tuesday and Friday 
ing 

Monday afternoon .. 



Daily, except Sunday ... 



Wednesday & Satavday, 
xoa.m. 

Wednesday & Satuiday, 
Tidal 



••• •>• ••• •«• 

Wednesday afternoon ... 
Thursday, Tidal 






••• ••• 



Wick Tueadav and Thunday, 



^^B^^^^^l 


Our Ocean Ht'gkways. Ixxi^qH 


'EAM LINES, 1 


K.,.s. 




1 




Second Cku. 




As!tn1.i.tCli.Ipdra. H 


am. 


Sbgl,. 


Rciimi. 




r, (f, 

'mil 


£ t. tl 


c.'i i 


"— "* 


T, Louper. Duhtn ^H 


i^ 


... 




Monday. Tnmtar, and 
f nday, Tid^ 

Twiceowedt. 

Wtdncday, -lldl]. 
Tu«d»yi.Dd F-idBV.ndal 

R«il ta KtlMh, dady, e«- 
ccpl Snndiy. 


Gcargt Malhioon, C™»- 


M.° 


i^:..': 


:^.r. 


W«Jnod.yandS>.uri.y. 

ViciDri. n«V, WedBBd.y 
and SaiunUy. TidaL 


Mr. R Sincliir. u. W«- 

», W.icfloo-plMx. Edii- 
e.C«:k-pli«. Lei.h. 


nih 


°'° - 


... 


Monday, I1da] 





:vi 



Our Ocean Highways, 



GREAT BRITAIN 





Local Steam Line 






Ports of 




Ports of 






and 




Date of Sailing. 


Destination. 


Companies' Offices. 


Departure. 




ALMOUTH 


The British and Irish Steam 


Dublin 


Wednesday and Saturday 




Packet Co., Office, 5, 


North Wall 


Tidal 




North Wall. Dublin 






»» 


*i >> 


Plymouth 


Monday and Friday, Tida 


»» 


f > yt 


Southampton ... 


Thursday, 3 p.ni. 


$\ ••• ••• 


f* i> 


Portsmouth 


Sunday, 8 a.m. 


»» ••• 


• t •• 


London 


Wednesday and Saturday 






MiUer's Wharf 


8 a.m. 


FLEETWOOD 


North Lancashire Steam Na- 


Belfast 


Daily, except Sunday .. 




vigation Co. 


Donegal Quay 


7.30 p.m. 


^y ••• ••■ 


••• ••• •#• ••• 


Londonderry 
x*iA Belfast. 




GAINSBOROUGH 


The Gainsborouffh United 
Steam Packet Co. 


null 


Daily, except Sunday .. 








f , ••• •.» 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


Keadby. 




GLASGOW 


Mr. W. Robertson, 74,Broom- 
ielaw, Glasgow 


■••yr ••• ■•« ••• 


Thursday, 3 p.m 


It •#• ••• 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


Ballina 


Once a week 


»t 


Handyside and Henderson, 


Barrow - in - Fur- 


Saturday noon 




Glasgow 


ness 




yy ••• ••• ■■• 


R. Henderson and Son, Old 


Belfiut 


Mondav, Wednesday, 
Friday, 7.30 p.m. 




Custom House-buildings, 
Belfast 


vid Ardrossan 


■■ ••• ••• ••■ 


Royal Mail Steamers ... 


Belfast 


Daily, except Sunday 


■a «•• ••• ••• 


W. Sloan and Co., 34, Both- 
well-street, Glasgow 


Bristol & Cardiff 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


^t ••• ••• ••• 


Clyde Shipping Co 


Cork 


Monday, Tuesday, 






Penrose Quay 


Friday, Tidal 


«■ ••• ••• ••• 


R. Henderson and Son, Old 


Dublin 


••• ••• ••• •% 




Custom House-buildings, 


viA Belfast and 






Belfast 


Ardrossan 




yi •#§ ••■ ••• 


Royal Mail Steamers 


Dublin 

viA Greenock 


••• ••• ••■ f 


^^ ••• ••• ••# 


Dublin and Glasgow Steam 
Packet Co. 


Dublin 


••• •«• ••• 


^^ •»• ••■ ••• 


"The Fir« King" Steam 
Ship 


Liverpool 


Tuesday aftemooi 


«* ••• ••• ■•• 


Glasgow & Liverpool Royal 
Steam Packet Co. 


Liverpool 


Tuesday, I'hur* 




Trafalgar Dock 


Saturday, Tid 


BM ••• ••# ••• 


••t ••• ••• ••• 


Liverpool 

Clarence Dock, 
South Side 


Three times a w 


y^ avt ••• ••• 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


I/Ondon. 




If ••• ••• ••! 


The Qyde Shipping Co. ... 


London 


••• ••• f 



Our Ocean Highways. 



TEAM LINES. 



Far«. 














SecDDdClau. 


Homeward. 


Annua,0.w™. 


.u™. 


Sbjic 


Relum. 




1. i 


I. 1. d 


i',i 


Usnday luul FriiUy. Tid^ 


"■^\^&^»^ 


»th. 


° S = 


,B<,1,0^ 


.. 


.. 


imllu 




• inuDtt^ 


" 


" 


alil^ 




^ipomlu 




" 


PlHh. 

onlh 




'S 


DaBr, ew»pi Sundiy. 
iibgiil J, ju p.m. 

Daily, uccpi Sooday. 

M<>aday, 3p.ia. 
0..«a.tek. 


KcBIi and Co., Fleelwood. 


ODlh 


3°d tlait 




Wednsday oooa 

TuHday. Thgraday, and 

Ardrouan. thence by 

Daily. cKcpI Sunday ... 

Cardiff. SMurday only. 
Hmlol, Wedne^Uy and 


17. Umon-uRci, Ghtgav. 


DQI^ 


I": 




Monday. -Jedntiday, asJ 

Kriday.M..n., 
Tunday Ttu^iay, a»d 

Saluriay. 

Daily, ciccpt SiuHby, 


Clyde ShipiHnB Co.. i, 
UiwcU-slrett, GlasEow. 


inih 


... 




oil?. eiLcpI Sunday. 

Tue'day, ThnrMtay, and 
Saiu.day. Tidal 


Lewu Poller and Cft, 

G. & J. Bum. JO. J»nak»- 
«reel, Gla^o., 

Office*, I, OiifeU-Hietl, 
Clanow. 




Ixxxviii 



Our Ocean Highways, 



GREAT 



Ports of 
Destination. 



GLASGOW 



• • • •« 



GOOLE 



• • • •• 



»•■ •• 



• • • •• 



• • •• 



• • t •• 



GRANTON 
see EDINBURGH 

GRAVESEND 



GREENOCK 



GREENWICH- 
GRIMSBY 

GUERNSEY .. 



HARWICH 



HAVERFORDWEST 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies* Offices. 



The Clyde Shipping Co. 



• • • •• 



llie Qyde Shipping Co. 



• • ••• 



•• • •• * 



The Clyde Shipping Co. ... 

South Devon Shipping Co., 
30, Fish-street-hill, E.C. 



■ • • •• • 



Woolwich Steam Packet Ca 
Limited, Woolwich 



• • • •• 



The Royal Mail Steamers .. 



Woolwich Steam Packet Ca 
Limited 



The Gainsborough United 

Steam Packet Co. 
Queen of the Isles Steam 

Ship 
London and South Western 

Railway Co., Southampton 

Station 

t* >> *> 

Great Western Railway Co., 
Paddington, London 
it •• ** 



Woolwich Steam Packet Co. 
Limited 



• •• •• 



• • ••• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Londonderry 
viA Belfast 
Londonderry 



Newry 
viA Ardrossan. 



» » • • • 



Plymouth .., 

Great Western 

Docks 
Portrush 

Oll^O ••• ••• ••• 

Swansea 

Waterford 

London 

cargo only 
Hull ... • 



London Bridge 



Ardrishaig 

Belfast 

Dublin 



•• • ••• 



• • •• 



Westminster, 
Charing Cross, 
and London 
Bridge 

XlUll ••• ••• ••• 

Aldemey 

Southampton ... 



Weymouth Har- 
bour 
Jersey 



»•• •• 



London Bridge... 



Bristol. 



Date 



Monday \ 
6 p.m. 



Twice a w« 
Tuesday, T 



• • • • 



Wcdnesda; 

I p.m. 
Irregular 

Daily, exo 



Daily, Jun* 
and Sep 
10, ia3 
and 3 p. 

Daily, exo 

Daily, exc 
Every half 



Daily, exo 

Wednesda: 

Daily, zz.. 
Saturda' 

D:uly, 6.4 
Sunday 

Monday, ^ 
Saturda' 

Monday, \ 
Friday, 

Daily, ^y 
Sunday, 
months 



Our Ocean High-ways. 



'EAM LINES. 



Fares. 


IM.eofDcpan«.L- 






S«™lClaa. 


Agcnii at Oolpoiti 


jn.. 


Sidgk. 


Rcucn. 




:, d. 


£ •- d. 


£ '• d. 


(CalUne u Grccnoct and 
Mo^Ut) Wtdncsday 
and SMurJay, ] p.in. 


OflvKj, 1, OtweH-fflrett, 

G-«j!^°um,.3*J™ia- 

it™t, Cbjgow. 

Gluiio.. 


: o 






TwictaWRk 


A. A. Laifd, GlaiBW- 


"■ 


.']. 


... 


Sa-«rday 

IVkeBioonlli 

Friday. I p.^ ^' " 
Imgulai. 

Daili. 

July, Augusi, and S=p- 

D.ily,««pl Sunday. 
Daily.9p.m.,c.«plSun- 

F-vcr, half-licr- 

Daily, tKtpi Sundar- 

Tuciday and Saturday ... 

Daily. 9 a-m., cxi^l Sun- 
day 


A. A. Lain], n. GrU 
W. Sloan « Co.. j,?Boib. 

Mr. R. Spenta.Gutmwy. 


nth 






Monday. W«lne«l>y, and 

Friday, about n a.m. 
Tuesday, Thursday, ud 


omcc, Quay, Gutn«y. 

W. [Unnnond. Lo..d«. 
Swam Office. Harvicb. 



xc 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAIN 



Ports of 
Destination. 



-Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



DateofSaiH^c. 



• • •• • 



HAYLE 
HOLYHEAD ... 



HULL 



• • •• • 



• • •• • 



ILFRACOMBE 



■ • •• • 



London and North Western 

Co.'s Steamers 
City of Dublin Steam Packet 

Co., 15 and 16, Eden Quay. 

Dublin 
General Steam Navigation 

Co. , 71, Lombard-street , 

E.C., and Irongate Wharf 



Bristol 
Comberrnd Basin 
Dublin 

North WaU 
Kmgstown 

for Dublin 



Once a week 



London 
Custom House 



• • •• • 



••• ••• ••• ■•• 



Daily, except Sunday ... 



Wednesday and Saturday, 
8 a.m. 



> ■ •• • 



I » • • • 



• • • • 



Quay 
We 



INVERNESS 
IPSWICH ... 



ISLE OF MAN 

sec DOUGLAS or 

RAMSEY. 
ISLE OF WIGHT 

see COWES or 

RYDE. 
JERSEY ... 



David Hutcheson & Co., 
I iQ, Hope-street, Gla.«igow 

Wooiwich Steam Packet Co. 
Limited, Woolwich 



Bideford. 

Bristol 

Padstow. 

Portishead. 

Swansea. 

Tenby. 

Glasgow 

London Bridge... 



Monday and Thursday. 
It a.m. 

Daily, except Sunday, 
9.30 a.m., June, July, 
August and September 



London and South Western 
Railway Co. (Royal Mail) 
Southampton Station 



Great Western Railway Co., 
Paddington, London, W. 



KILRUSH... 

KINGSTOWN 
for DUBLIN 



KIRKCUDBRIGHT 
KIRKWALI 



LEHH 
see EDINBURGH 



■ • • • • 



• « • • • 



City of Dublin Steam Packet 
Ca, 75 & 16, Eden Quay, 
Dublin 



• • •• • 



Aberdeen, Leith, and Clyde 
Steam Ship Co. 



Southampton ... 
touching Guern- 
sey 

Guernsey 

Southampton ... 

direct 
Weymouth Har- 
bour 
Guernsey 

Limerick 

Holyhead 

Liverpool. 

Edinburgh 

r'/Vf Aberdeen 
Aberdeen 



Daily. 11.45 P*ni., except 
Satiuxlay and Sunday 

Dauly , except Saturday and 

Sunday 
8.3op.ni. on Saturday only 

Monday, Wednesday, and 
Saturday, 10.30 p.m. 



■ • a •• 



Daily, except Sunday ... 



Tuesday and Friday, Tidal 



■•« ••■ ••• 



m^^^i^^^n^ 


Our Ocean HigliTmys. xci 


AL STEAM LINES. 


.^. 


Homt-Brt. 


Agwu 31 Ouipon.. 


rMOuL 


Second Clui. 


*«. 


Relunu 


Sinclc 


RdlUtlL 


i 


£ 1. d. 


i ..J 


1 DDBlh 


D^ly, 

MonJay 

"■)' 

M»nda> 
FHd. 

Monday 
t'ridi 

IliUy, e 


oeek. 

Md Thursday 

WcdnE»Jay, and 
'\^^ir«Uy.u.d 

ceptSundiy ... 
WF,id,.ymom- 


Cm. TuUy, R.N,. HiJy. 
Mf. AKhur Pjulini. Hull 

R. l-ifftn, ihe MTuK, 
Mr K. n, I.( Cou..ur, 6, 

iiHiw. 0. i^n,;ii«ti, jcr- 
iJin™, i!St«,Edtnyii;r, 

Cbarlt, DavidioB. 



xcu 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAIN 



Port>. ot 
L)cv.tin.-iUon. 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



LIVKRPOOf, ... 



LERWICK, SHET 
LAND 



LEVEK ... 
LIVERPOOL 



LIVERPOOL FERRY 






Aberdeen, I^ith, and Clyde 
Steam Ship Co. 



Captain Payne, Agent, 20, 
Water-street, Liverpool 

The Belfast Steam Ship Co., 

Donegal Quay 
North Lancashire Stenm 

Navigation Co. 
Liverpool and Bristol Channel 

Steam Navigation Co. 
North British Steam Packet 

Co. 

Cork Steam Ship Co., Pen- 
rose Quay, Cork 

The Isle of Man Steam Co. 



The Drogheda Steam Packet 

Co. 
City of Dublin Steam Packet 

Co., Eden Quay, Dublin 



The Dundalk Steam Packet 
Co., Limited 



• « • • • 



• • ••« 



Glasgow 9i, Liverpool Royal 
Steam Packet Co., 88, Gt. 
Clyde-street, Glasfl^ow 



STEAMERS. 

Birkenhead and 

Tranmere 
Eastham 

Egremont 

New Brighton... 

New Ferrj' 

Rock Ferr>' 

Seacombe 

Woodside 

Edinburgh 
Granton 

Aberdeen 

viA Kirkwall 
Edinburgh 
Leith 
Bangor, Beau- 
maris, and 
Llandudno 

Belfast 

Donegal Quay 

Belfast 

viA Fleetwood 
Bristol 

Carlisle 

xnA Silloth 

DougUu 

Isle of Man 

Drogheda 



Dublin 

North Wall 



■ •• • 



Dundalk. 

irgi 
Sine 



Edinburgh 
viA SiUoth 



Gbsgow 

viA Greenock 



Date of Sailing. 



Frequently, daily 



»» 



Tuesday and Friday, Tidal 



Daily ... 



Daily, except Sunday, 

Tidal 
Daily, except Sunday, 

7.30 p.m. 
Tuesday, Tidal 



• •• «• 



Rail to Silloth daily, ex- 
cept Sunday 

Tuesday, Thursday, and 
Saturday, Tidal 



Morning, daily ... 



■ •• •• 



Four times vreekly 

Daily, except Sunday, 
Tidal 



Rail to SUloth. daUy 
except Sunday 

Tuesday,* Thursday, and 
Saturday, Tidal 






Our Ocean Nighways. 



LOCAL STEAM LINES. 



Daily. fRquinlly, 



Mon&y vtd Tbun^ljiy 



Ksbcruon K Mcnylccs 



I Daily, cjicepE Stind 
L p.in.,R>i]loFle< 

Tnlklgu Dock. Sa 
Tidal 

I'o SilloCh, thrace 



, John Hacan. Manager, J, 
Rumfbrd-pL. i.iverpool- 

S,L"hflpel-sI., Liverp<Hjl. 



r W. M^3roy,Waltr-5tTC 



^w'Js:; 



ir D«k, Monday, ^ 



Uiircn« Duck, L 



TrafilEiir DdcIi. Tucnliy, 
day, T1<£| '" 



. LangUnd! onJ '"oni, 




XCIV 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRn 



Ports of 
Destination. 



LIVERPOOL 






••• ••• •«• 



• • •• • 



• • • • ■ 



LLANDUDNO 
LLANELLY . 
LONDON 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



G. & J. Bums, 30, Jamaica- 
street, Glasgow 

'*Fire King" Steam Ship. 
L. Potter & Co., 72, Gt. 
Clyde-street, Glasgow 



** Llanelly " Screw Steamer, 
for cargo only 



Ports of 
Departure. 



•• ■•• ••• 



••• ••« 



• • • •■ 



••• ••• «•• 



• • • •• 



London and North Western 
Ky., Euston Station, &c 

Liverpool and Bristol Chan- 
nel Steam Navigation Co. 

North British Steam I^tcket 
Ca 

••• ••• ••• ••■ 



••• •■• ••• 



The Isle of Man Ca ... 



North British Steam Packet 
Co. 



B • •« • 



Glasgow ... . 
viA Greenock 



Kirkcudbright 

Llanelly 

London 

Londonderry ... 

Milford 



Newcastle 
vid Silloth 



Newry 
Portrush. 



DateofSaHii 



• •• •• ■ 



Ramsey, Isle of 
Man 



••• ••■ 



Liverpool and Bristol Chan- 
nel Steam Navigation Co. 



• •«• 



• • •• • 



•• ••• 



••• ••• 



" Llanelly " Screw Steamer. 

for cargo only 
Aberdeen Steam Navigation 

Company 



• • ••• 



9t ••• «•■ ■•• 



>» ••• •• 



# * • •* •• 



North Lancashire Steam 
Navigation Ca 



Midland Railway, St Pan- 
eras Station, London 

British and Irish Steam 

Packet Co. 
Woolwich Steam Packet Co. 



Silloth 

Shgo 

Swansea .. 

Waterford. 

Liverpool 



Aberdeen, 87, 

Waterioo Quay 

Belfaiit 



••• ••• 



• • • ■■ 



Belfast 
viA Fleetwood 



Belfast 

viA Barrow 

Belfast 

viA Plymouth 
Clacton-on-Sea 



Three times a wee 
Friday, 2 p.m. ... 

Every todays ... 

Twice a week ... 

Monday and Th 
Tidal 

Once a week 



Rail to Silloth da 
cept Sunday 

Twice a week ... 



Saturday, Tidal 

Daily, except Sunc 

Saturday. Tidal 
Saturday, irregular 

Daily 

Every xo days ... 

Wednesday and Sal 

Tidal 
Every todays ... 

Daily, except St 
7.30 p.in., to Flee 
thence by rail 

Daily, except Sun^ 
Barrow: thence 
to London 

••• ••« •«• •• 

Daily, except Si 
11.30 a.m. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



LOCAL STEAM LINES. 



> Cluincc Douk. 



Tnrilcu Osclc. Siturdiir, 
TldJ 

cept Sunday, To Sillolh \ 
Cotliniaoul Dock, twice 

Munday and Friday. Tidil 



k. Tustkiy, 



Daily, ti.ijLiii.. Emtoi 
Station, to Flectirood 



Rumford- place, 



Mr. C. N, Bnam, llar- 

boui OIKce. LlancIIv. 
C. ShfohcrJ, ,sj, Wap. 

Krnip and Co., AgenU, 

Mr, Cook. FmTi«5 Rail- 
my. BacTDW. 

J. Manlry & Cb. .37, 
LtAdt>ih>l1-«wi, K.C 



XCVl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAIN 



Ports of 
Destination. 



LONDON 



• • • • • • 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



••• ••• ••• «•• 

British and Irish Steam 
Packet Co. 

Midland Railway, St. Pan- 
eras Station, London 

Dundee, Perth, and London 
Shipping Co., T. Couper, 
Dundee 

General Steam Navigation 
Co., 71, Lombard-street, 
E.C. 

London & Edinburgh Steam 
Shipping Co., 30, Water- 
loo-place, Edinburgh 



British and Irish 
Packet Co. 

Clyde Shipping Co. 



Steam 



Woolvnch Steam Packet Co. 

Woolwich 
Woolwich Steam Packet Co., 

(Limited) 
General Steam Navigation 

Co., 71, Lombard-street, 

E.C 
Woolwich Steam Packet Co., 

Woolwich 

London and North Western 

Railway Co., Euston Su- 

tion 



Midland Railway, see More- 

cambe Harbour 
ViA We3rmouth Harbour, or 

Southampton, which see 
Middlesboroughand London 

Steam Ship Co. 
General Steam Navigation 

Co., 71, Lombard-street, 

E.C. 
Tyne Steam Ship Co., 

(Limited) 



British and Irish 
Packet Co. 



Steam 



>> 



»> 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Cork. 

Penrose Quay 
Devonport. 

Dublin 

North Wall 

Dublin 

viA Liverpool 
Dtmdee 



Edinburgh 
Granton 



Edinb'rgh, Leith, 
Victoria Dock 



Falmouth 

Glasgow 

Gravesend 

Harwich 

Xa UI» ••• ••• ••• 

Ipswich 

Londonderry ... 
viA Belfast and 
Fleetwood 

Londonderry. 

Jersey & Guern- 
sey. 

M iddlesborough- 
on-Tees 

Newcastle. 



»■•• ••• 



Newcastle, Lon- 
don Wharf 

Plymouth 

Portsmouth ... 



Date of Sailing. 



Wednesday and Saturday, 

Tidal 
Daily, except Sunday ... 

Wednesday and Saturday, 
Tidal 

Wednesday and Saturday, 
3p.n1. 



Wednesday and Saturday, 
Tidal 



Monday & Friday, 9 a.m. 



Several times daily in 

Summer 
Daily, except Sunday, 

xax5 a.m., in Summer 
Wednesday and Saturday, 

Tidal 

Daily, except Sunday, 
(^30 a.m., in Sommer 

Dauly, except SundaVt 
2.45 p.m. Rail to Ba- 
fast, steamer to Fleet- 
wood ; thence by rail 



Wednesday and Saturday, 
Tidal 

Wednesday and Saturday, 
Tidal 

Monday & Friday, 6 p.in. 



•«• ••• ••• ••• 



Our Ocean Higkteays. 



\L STEAM LINES. 



p™ 


Hamewacd. 




'if«Cl» 


S™ndCl«. 


Ag«nUa.O«>pWli^ 


Ifc 


K«unL 


Siagte. 


Relum. 




•• 


I ,. d. 


I. .. A. 


£ '. d- 






.. 


,*-S^ 


°'; 


.'^Z 


Klillit't Whuf. WcdDH- 
da y and SaLurday, £ a,m. 
Daily, uccpt Suoday. 





' " 


/.^h 


:: 


jmopOi 


Irongau Wharf. Wcdut- 

day&SaiuTday, 108.10. 


J. W. Kidd. N<w DuDdEc 
WhaK .73, Waging, E. 


..- 


■'r»'nU^ 


"!«<" 


I munth 


Humilage Wharf, Wip- 
ping. £., Wcdnaday 
and Saiurday, Tidal 


J. HanlEy & Co., i,,, 
Ludcnhall-iDKI. E.C 




j'monih. 




,Vo'.h* 


Mill=.-»Wl«rf,Sn.ilhfield, 
K„ Wcdnaday and Sa- 


■ - 


.monlh 


'•'''■ 


.-..'.,; 


Sevenl limEi daily in 

Daily, ucepi Sundiy, 

Cuflom ilouM Quay, 
Wcdnisday and Salur- 

Daily, Eicepi iiiinday. al 
ii.i5a.in..Eu«onSuL. 

<o ^BEie^t ; .hcn„ by 


y A. Oinkikill. Himdl- 
agc Wharf, Wagjng, 

w'S.J.'E.cr"'' 

»lr. D, R. Smiih, Cosiom 
HoiiK Quay, London, 




o.S , 


. . . 


a., o 


Black Ea^le Wharf, Wap- 

Ii^S^ Wharf, Wedn«- 

dayand Sunday, laa. ID. 




" 


inuffllb 


.,. , 


1 month 


and Saturday, fipm. 
Milln'* Wharf; WedoH- 


AITrid T. Bin. Hcrmllaee 
SuaDi WhMf. Wapping, 




XCVlll 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BR 



Ports of 
Destination. 



LONDON ... 



»» 



»» 



>t 



LONDONDERRY 



• • •« V 



• • •• • 



• «• •• 



LYMINGTON... 

MARGATE ... 

MIDDLESBORO'- 

ON-TEES 
MILFORD ... 



f« ••• ••• 



9» 



ff ••• ••• ••• 

ff ••• •«• ••• 

MORECAMBEHAR 
HOUR, for London 

M bWlvY ••• !•• .•• 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



Woolwich Steam Psicket Ca 
Limited 



** 



»t 



The Shields Steam Ship Ca 



British and Irish Steam 
Packet Co. 



The Woolwich Steam Packet 

Ca, Woolwich 
Wateiford Steam Ship Ca 

General Steam Navigation 
Co., 7x, Lombard-st. E.C. 

London and North Western 
Railway Co., Euston-sq. 

Royal Mail Steamers 

A. A. Laird, 79, Great Clyde- 
street, Glasgow 
G. and J. Bums, Glasgow... 



London and N. W. Ry., 
Euston Station, ftc. &c. 

The Midland RaUway, St. 
Pftncras, London 



••• •«• 



••• ••• ••• 



Black Eagle Wharf, Wap- 
ping, E. 

Liverpool and Bristol Chan- 
nel Steam Navigation Ca, 
4, Rumford-place, liver- 
pool 

Cork Steam Ship Co 

Liverpool and Bristol Chan- 
nel Steam Navigation Ca, 
4, Rumford'place, Liver- 
pool 



» 



M 



Great Wcatcra Railway, 
Paddinglon, London 

MidlandRaihray, St. Pu- 
CFas» London 



#•• ••• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Sheemess 

Southend 

Shields 

Southampton ... 

Sunderland 
South Dock 

Walt<m-on-the- 
Naze. 

Wateribrd 

Yarmouth 

London 

viA Fleetwood 
and Belfast 

Glasgow 

cr^ Belfast 

Glasgow 

Glasgow, calling 
at Greenock 
and Moville 

Liverpool 

Clarence Dock 

Morecambe Har- 
bour from Lon- 
don 

Yarmouth 

Isle of Wight 

London 

Lon.BridgeWhf. 

London. 

Brutol 



Cork ... 



• •• •■ 



Liverpool 

Tra£Rlgar Dock 



Swansea 

Vraterford 

Addphi Wharf 
Londonderry ... 

Carlisle. 
vi4SiUoCh 



Date of Sa 



Several times 
Summer 



t* »f 



Wednesday an<i 
afternoon 

Twice a week 



Daily, except S 

Summer, xx 1 

Thursday, for < 

Sunday, about ) 

Daily, except 

XX.15 am., E 

tion 
Daily, 5 p.ni., e 

dav 
Monday, Thur 

Friday, 3 p.o 
Wednesday and 

3p.m. 

Tuesday and 

Tidal 
Tuesday and 

Tidal 

Daily, except S 
Daily, xoa.m. 



Once a week 

Wednesday, Ti 
Saturday, Tidal 

Twice a month, 

Week days, 4 p 

Monday and 
Tidal 



Orir Ocean Highways. 



STEAM LINES. 



FarB. 


Diie of Departure 




^ 


StcondClaa. 


Agenu«Oun»™. 


Sewm. 


Single. 


Return. 




C >■ d. 


{. i. d 


£. : rf 


Sennl tiaic <l>ily in 


Office, .)>. UppcrThamo. 


imoiuh 
monihi 




''^ 


South Derm Wharf. 
Tower, Wednodsy and 

day, 3 a.m. 


'SS3^Ji.a. 


InSnlh 


/. . 


■f! 


Dwiy. CRcpt Sunday, in 

Wedne»day morning, Kasl- 

lanc, SnUthfield 
Ii^gale Wharf, Wednei- 

Da/,',^a^pt Sun. RaU 

R.-ulK.Belfa«, H5p.m.. 

daily, eictnl Sunday. 
Wedneulay, Friday, and 

Monday ![!id Tliunday. 
6 p.m. 


■J'j Upper ThameM'lteW. 

"•s.'i'r--"-- 

Mr. George Ccten, Loo- 
dondeny. 


.„. 






Monday and ITmrsday. 

"Sr - "--"'■ 

Daily, eicept Sunday. 

Daily, ticepl Monday ... 

Tuoday and Siluiday. 
■I'idaf 


W. A. Jarksm,, London- 

J. McKieil and Co.. Lon- 
donderry. 

R. D. Hore, Milfonl. 

Jackwn h Ca, MilfonL 
R. D. Hore. MUrord. 




Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BR 



Ports of 
Destination. 



NEWCASTLE 



NEWHAVEN 



NEW MILFORD 

see 
MILFORD HAVEN 

NEWPORT 



NEWRY 



>> 



PADSTOW 



>» 



>» 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



The City of Dublin Co. ... 



••• ••• ••• ••• 



••• ■■• ••« ••• 

North British Steam Packet 
Co. 

General Steam Navieation 
Co. , Irongate Whari; Lon- 
don, E. 

Tyne Steam Ship Co., 
Limited 



Brighton Steam Packet Co. 



Liverpool and Bristol Chan- 
nel Steam Navigation Co. 

Cork Steam Ship Co., Pen- 
rose Quay, Cork 



>• • • • 



• • • • ■ 



Dundalk Steam Packet Co. 



••■ ••■ •«■ 



• • • ■ « 



■ • • ■• ■ 



«• • a* • 



• « «• • 



• • • • • 



•■ • •• • 



The " Henry Southan " 
Steam Ship 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Aberdeen ... ... 

Douglas, Isle <^ 
Man, v»4 Silloth 

Dublin ^ 

viA Silloth 
Dundee 



• • • •• 



«•• •• • 



Edinburgh 

Leith 
Hull . 
Humber Dock 

Liverpool 

vU SUloth 
Clarence Dock 
London 



... .. 



London 

HermitageWharf 

Wapping 
Yarmouth 

South Quay 
Brighton. 



Bristol 

Bathurst Basin 

^^^wVK ••• ••• ••• 

Penrose Quay 
Newry. 

Ardrossan 



.. ... 



Glasgow 
viii Ardrossan 



Liverpool 

Newport, calling 



swport. 
It Whit 



at Whitehaven 
Swansea. 

Whitehaven 

xtiA Dundrum 
Bristol 

Ilfracombe. 

Swansea 



Date of & 



Tuesday, Tidal 



• ■ • 



Once a week 



Daily, except 
SUloth 

Sunday and ^ 
xoa.m« 

Wednesday am 
6p.nl 



« ■• •• 



Monday, Tuial 



Monday 

RailtoArdrossa 
Monday ; t 
steamer, 8.30 

Twice a week 



Wednesday 



Our Ocean Highways. 



I.L STEAM LINES. 



y.^ 


Hmneoanl. 




i«C*B- 


SHSndClaaa. 


As«il> at Oulp<m<. 


Ic 


Kcwm. 


SiMte. 


RMum. 








£ 1. / 


imHilh 


Friday, Hdal. 

Daily. «HpiSuniUy,i-w 

Jim. usually. 

Wtdnuday and Saturday. 

London Wharf, Wedn». 
dayudSilutiliy.Tlditl. 

Beaufort WharT. 

Salunbi-. 

ttom ArdrnsMtl. 
T.iccawccL 

frid^y 


Mr. W. H. P.rfcH-, I.on,lDa 
Wharf, NtwCMllt 

Robert WhilficUI. 7. Vwy- 
MaJdwU « H.U, Ne»- 




cu 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT 



Ports of 
Dcstmation. 



PEMBROKE 

Pembroke Dock 

PENZANCE 



PLYMOUTH 



»i 



it 



>> 



** 



*» 



•• •■• ••• 



»•• ••• 



• • v«« 



>» 



it 



it 



it 



yORTREE... 
PORTRUSH ... 
PORTSMOUTH 



** 



t* 



I* 



»i 



ti 



tt 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies* Offices. 



West Cornwall RailwavCo.'s 
steamers, " Earl of Arran " 
and "Lutle Western" 



• • ■ • • a 



Cork Steam Ship Ca, Pen- 
rose Quay, Cork 

British and Irish Steam 
Packet Co. 



»» 



f» 



Qyde Shipping Ca 



■*• •«• 



Coric Steam Ship Ca, Pen- 
rose Quay, Cork 

British and Irish Steam 
Packet Co., J. Hartley & 
Ca, 137, Lcadenhall- 
street, E.C 






••• ••• 



■•• •«• ••• 



••• •«• ••• 



•■ ••• ••• ••• 

PORTISHEAD ... 



• « ••• ■ • 



• • •• • 



••• ••• 



••• •«« •• 



••• ••• ••• 



»■• ••• •• • 



• •• ••• ••• 



QUEENSTOWN ... 



*t 



tt 



t* 



tt 



•«• •■• ••• 



■ • • • • 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Date 



Waterfoid... ... 



Sdlly Iskmds 
St. Mary's Pier 



Belfiut. 

\^^i'K ••• ••• ••• 

Penrose Quay 



DubUn 

North WaU 



• •«• 



Falmouth 

Glasgow 

fTMf Bel£ut 

London 

Miller's Wharf 



it 



n 



Cork Steam Ship Co., Pen- 
rose Quay, Cork 

Royal Mail 

A. A. Laird, Glasgow 

Britixh and Irish Steam 
Packet Co. 



• ■■ •• 



Portsmouth and Ryde 

Steam Packet Co. 
The British and Irish Steam 

Packet Ca 



>i 



tt 



tt 



tmt •■• ••• 



f> 



** 



tt 



Portsmouth 
Southampton ... 

Waterford. 
Cardiff 



••• ••• 



V^Jv K ••• •■• ••• 

Penrose Quay 

Glasgow 

Glasgow 

vi4 Londonderry 
Southampton ... 

Cowes, West ... 
Isle of Wight 

JVVvIC ••• •*• ••• 

Isle of Wight 
Dublin 

Falmouth 

Plymouth 

London 

Cork 



••• ••« 



Mondays, 
days, d 
days, 9) 



Thursday, 



Wednesday 
Tidal 

Monday an 



Thursday, 

Wednesday 
ist Oct.1 
8 a.m. : 
SepL, ic 

Sunday a 

8 a.m. 
Thursday, 



Daily, ex 

Tidal 
Monday, 1 



M(Hiday an 

Monday a 

3 p.m. 
DauJy, at fir* 



tt 

Wedneftda) 

Tidal 
Monday a 

Monday a 

p.m. 
Miller's W 

day & & 



Our Ocean ffigheays. 



STEAM LINES. 



£ : d. £ .. d. 



Af«nLt A1 Outijoru. 



Uooday. S jLtn., Friday, 

Creu Western Docks. 
Mill B..y Ket. Fridjy, 



neailay, TIibL 



Robert Clark A Son. 



Mi. Thomu NicholMn. 




CIV 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAI 



Ports of 
Destination. 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies* Offices. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Date of Sailing. 



RAMSEY, ISLE OF 
MAN 



RAMSGATE . 



• •»• 



RYDE. ISLE OF 
WIGHT 



Isle of Man Co. 



Woolwich Steam Packet Co., 
Woolwich 



Portsmouth & Ryde Steam 
Packet Ca 



• • ••• 



• • • • 



SCILLY ... 

SHEERNESS 

SHIELDS 
SILLOTH 



SLIGO 



■ • • • 



SOUTHAMPTON 



Portsmouth & Ryde Packet 
Co. 



«• • •• 



Steam Ship " Queen of the 
Isles" 

West Cornwall R^dlway Cc's 
steamers " Earl of Arran" 
and "Little Western" 

Woolwich Steam Packet Co. 
(LimitedX Woolwich 



■ • • ■• 



*• • • • • 



■•• ••• ••• ••• 



> • • ••• •• • 



North British Steam Packet 
Co.. Chapel-street, Liver- 
pool 



»« ••• •• 



A. A. Laird, 73, Great Qyde- 
street, Glaisgow 



••• ••• ••• 



••• ••• ••« 



Liv'pool, Prince's 

Landing Stage 

Whitehaven ... 



Dover and Deal 



London 

LoD.BridgeWhf. 
Portsmouth and 
Portaea 

Stokes Bay ... 

Southampton ... 

Royal Pier 
Southsea 

Cowes, West and 
East ' 

Jersey and Guern- 
sey 

Penzance 



London Bridge . 

London, South 
Devon Wharf 

Douglas, Isle of 
Man 

Dublin 

Dundrum 

Liverpool 

Newrj'. 

Glasgow *.• ... 

Liverpool 

Clarence Basn 

Cowes, West ... 



Monday and Friday, 1 
Twice a month 



DaUy, except Sunday 
^p.m., in June, Ji 
August and SepCeml 

Daily, xo a.m. 

Frequent daily 



ft 



«» 



t» 



i» 



»» 



i» 



Monday 



•• • •• 



Daily, Tune. July, Au| 
and oepcem.,9.3o^ 10 
and XI a.m. 

Wednesday and Saturd 
6 p.n. 



•.• ... ..• 



Monday and Thund 
Tidal 

••• ••• ••• ••• 

Daily, except Sunday 

Satuxday, 3 pim. 
Wednesday, Tidal ... 



7, 8, 9.50 a.ra. : x.M, i 
n.iB. (and &9o S«l 
dayX Simday, 7 1 



10 a.1 



id. 



ittoW< 



Fc 



Our Ocean Hi^ways. 



ITBAM LINES. 



F:im 


DtualDtpuUiTt 




-. 


S=«™lC!™. 


Agent.a.0..tpoF«. 


;'lunt. 


Singk. 


Return. 




; 1. d 
ud»y>° 


L 1. d. 

a 


£ •■ d. 
"uiiilh 

14 day. 


Saturday, Tidal ... ... 

t™.™* 

in June. July, Aupal! 

Freiiueni, daily. Ferry 

Several limudaity in June 
Wedne»layind Saturday 

Daily, except SuiKlay .. 

Tuaday. Tidal 

Salurdjy. Tidal. 

B<.„IPier.a.,jand„,5 
a.m.; i.sn, 4." "d 
p.m. SuBdiiy. B.451'">' 


R. H. Teare, Ba>n«y. 
R. H. Tern, Ranuey. 

A. RobenwB. smoib. 
J Harper. 



/ 




cvi 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BR 



Ports 01 
Destination. 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies* Offices. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Date of S 



SOUTHAMPTON ... 



British and Irish Steam 
Packet Co. 



« ••• 



• • •• • 



■• ••• «•• 



>> 



» 



»» 



>> 



ft • • • •• 



••• ••« •• 



SOUTHEND 

SOUTHSEA 

STORNOWAY 



London and South Western 
Ry. ; Royal Mail Packets 



British and Irish Steam 
Packet Co.— J. Hartley & 
Co., 137, Lesulenhall-sL, 
E.C. 

Woolwich Steam Packet Co., 
Woolwich 



• • • •• 



••• ••• ■• 



STRANRAER 

STROMNESS 

SUNDERLAND .. 
SWANSEA 



• • • •* 



a • • •• • 



• • • • • 



Royal Maul Steamers ... 



A b er d ee n , Leith, and Clyde 
Steam Ship Co. 
•I ft 

Steam Ship "Albion" 
Steam Ship " Express '* ... 



IL Hendenoo & Son. Old 
Custom • house • buiklingSy 
Belfast 



Liverpool and Bristol Chan> 
nel Steam Nangatioo Co. 
W. Sloan ft Co., 34, Both- 
well-street, Glasgow 

Liverpool and Bristol Chan- 
nel Company 



» 



f> 



*• •«• 



The "Henry Southan" Stm. 
Ship 



Dublin 

North WaU 
Falmouth 

Plymouth 

Portsmouth. 

Portsmouth and 
Portsea 

Jersey ft Guern- 
sey 



London 

MiUer's Wharf 



London Bridge 

Ryde. 
Glasgow 

Edinburgh 

Abetdeen 

Belfittt 



• ••■ 



Scrabster Pier, 
and Thurso 

London 

Hartley's Wharf 
Bel£ut 



Bristol 



•• • •• 



tt 



Glasgow 
flwStBelfittt 



Milibra ... ... 

Newiy ... ... 



Ruiitow 



••• ••• 



Wednesday an* 

Tidal 
Monday & Fri 

Monday & Fri 



8.3oand 11.50! 
Sunday, 8.3 
3.30 p.m. 

Daily, except 
Jersey, d.43 
Guernsey, 9 

Wednesday, fr 
to 30th Sep 
ist Oct. to 
8 a.m. 

Daily, excep 
9.30 and IX . 
July, Angus 



Mcmda^^ and 
mormng 



Monday, Tida 
Tuesday, Tida 
Alternate Satu 
Daily, except 
Wednesday,! 
Twice a montl 

Tuesday, Tidi 

Tuesday, in«| 
Int«ular ... 



Our Ocean Higftways. 



STEAM LINES. 



r^ 


Due of Dapiirtun 




,i»>. 


SMOndOiH. 


Agtnti at Outpent 


R«,«. 


SiDfle. 


R<.um. 




t inonlhl 


^ .. J. 


£ I 


.1^ 




V'H^htsur*^' 


Jin«..h. 




>ing 


ih* 






."bomiS 


' 


.nio 


ths 


" 




j^monih.! 


.... 


.'J 


Lhn 


Ropil Pi... 31 8.45 .nd 
.l.l(il.lB.,H.dl.SDp.d., 


Mr. E. K. CoAi, Riulny 
W- J. L= Ftu.Tt & So.. 


: 


7.°. 


■■ 




Twict dally, ««pl S,.n- 

SH;~;iS:' 

Mon<lD>y and WediiHdiy, 

Allffa.. FHdsji 

Daily, cicipi Sunday ... 


R, C. McKtnjlc, Slonio- 

Al^BglondiRSon. 

a a H. Sinclair, A(«t>« 


O.B c 


» 6 o 


« » 


- 


Soiiih Dock, Saiiirt»y. 










■l'h^f^day, Tidal 


JoMt Br«hen. Soaua. 










Wednend.ij', 1111=1 


QurlaLamb, SxanMi 


" " " 


060 






l"<t!"l" 

Wtdnnday. 


Outlet Lamb, S»aiuei. 



r^ 




CVlll 



(hir Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BR 



Ports of 
Destinatioa. 



THURSO ... 

SCRABSTER 



• • * • 



•• *• • 



• • ••• 



TOBERMORY. 
TOTNES ... 



WALTON-ONTHE 
NAZE 

WATERFORD 



»» 



Local Steam liiic 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



Aberdeen, Leith, and Clyde 
Steam Ship Ca 



• • ■ • ■ 



Royal Mail Steamers .. 



Woolwich Steam Packet Co. 
(Limited), Woolwich 



• • • •• 



• • •• • 



• • • • • • 



Clyde Shipping Co., a, 0»- 
well -street, Glasgow 



Great Western Railway, Pad 
dington, London 



Ports of 
Departure. 



• • • • * 



WESTPORT 
WEXFORD 



WEYMOUTH HAR- 
BOUR 

WHITEHAVEN .. 



•• ••• ••* 



•• ••• ••• 



• • •• • 



WICK 



•»• ••* ••• 



••• ••• ••• 



t«« ■•• ••• 



Great Western Railway Ca, 
Paddington, London 

Robert Henderson & Son, 
Old Custom-house-build- 
ings, Belfast 

••• ••• ••# ••• 



• • t«« 



%•% ••■ •• t ••• 



Isle of Man Co. 



••• ••• ••• 



Aberdeen, Leith, and Clyde 
Steam Ship Co. 



Edinburgh 

Granton 
Aberdeen 

Glasgow 

Dartmouth 

London Bridge 

Belfast. 

viA Cork 
Cork. 

Dublin. 

Dimcannon 

Glasgow 

Milford 

Liverpool 

London. 
MiUer's Wharf 

Pembroke. 
Pembroke Dock 
Plymouth. 

Liverpool. 

Bristol, Cumber- 
land Basin. 

Jersey & Guern- 
sey 

Bdfast 



Dublin. 

Dundrum. 

Newry. 

Ramsey ... . 
Isle of Man 
Edinburgh 
Granton 



Date of Si 



Monday, Tidal 



>* 



Monday and T 

Every day ... 

Daily, except 
June, July, i 
September, < 



Monday, Wed 
Friday, x p. 

Daily, except 
about x.^oa 

••• • • • • 



Monday, Wed 
Friday, 9 a 
sey about a 

Wednesday, 1 



Fortnightly, 1 
Monday and] 



Our Ocean Highways. 



'X. STEAM LINES. 



,™ j 


Itatt of DcfamiTE 




iM 


lu.. ' 


SccondUiuH. 1 


Ag=i«a.Oan««. 


•■ 


Rtniu. 


Siaslc. 


Rctun. 




d. 


C^ <L 


Z .. d. 


L: i. 


1-hurtdAy, TkbL 








070 


- 


MoDdiy Slid WHtae.br 
Every diy. 












IfaUy, ucqa Sund,y, k 


R. P«D<r, DorliB^t Hold, 


* 


t^.t 


"d«k * 




W«l«Bd.y. . p,lq.. vi/, 
Dublin. WcdiKKliyand 

-nd i4ir«i. 

.tJtJjjhi Wharf. W^itr 
ford,, p.m. dail>-,fictpl 


.Mi. Buuell. GitalWMcni 
Pi oTi-miun;. Waleiford 










Monday. W«lnnd4V. and 
.Salnnlay, .u 30 p.m. 


Mr. J=m« Nol>b<. Q.i,ij 




:«!,: 


.;^,; 


jfid/iyi 


Tucwiay. lldsl «rvi«. fur 


J.=nd I. H(-Jg«in, \V1.„= 


>. 


t^.K 


■;: 


;.;„,'; 


Tilt«lay and ThiirMU* sf 


C. Nfliom Wat $^.Lii>d 




ex 



Our Ocean Highways. 



GREAT BRITAI] 



Ports of 
Destination. 



W 1 V^ IV ••• •!• •■• ••• 

WOOLWICH 

WORKINGTON ... 

ty ••• ••• %%% 

YARMOUTH 



• •• • ■ 



YARMOUTH 

ISLE OK WIGHT 



Local Steam Line 

and 
Companies' Offices. 



Aberdeen, Ixiilh, and Clyde 

Steam Ship Co, 
Woolwich Steam Packet Co. 

Limited, Woolwich 



• •• • • 



General Steam Navigation 
Co., 71, Lombard-street, 
E.C. 



• •• • • 



••« ••• ••• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Aberdeen 

I^ndon Bridge, 
and interme- 
diate piers 

Beira.st 



• • • • • 



Dundrum 

I.>ondon 

Irongate Wharf 

Newcastle. 

Ljntnington. 



Date of Sailing. 



Monday and Friday, Ti 
Daily, every half-hour 

••• • • • • • • ••• 

Irregular 

Wednesday, 3 p.m. ... 



Note.— These Tables represent the Summer arrangements. The dayi 



Our Ocean Highways. 



kL STEAM LINES. 



Txny. 


Dale or Depanun^ 




-OBCb-. 


Second CTauL 


Agents M OulpoFU. 


le 


Haum. 


SBglt 


Ren.™. 




6 


£ 1. d. 

IHlUBlh 


i^- v. 




D»ay,eYeryh»ir-tBm-. 
Sundar, «».m. 


John Wiltin, Wdc. 

H=.d Office. Roff-.Whwf. 
Woolwich. —J. Minn, 



( lailing vi: subject 10 slight modilicalioiit during the W 




cxii Our Ocean Highways. 



LOCAL STEAM SHIP COMPANIES. 



Belfast and Glasgow Steam Line, viA Ardrossan. — Messrs. Robert Hen- 
derson and Son, Old Custom-house-buildings, Belfast. 

Belfast Steam Ship Company. — Chief Office. — John McKee, Agent, 
53 and 55, Donegal-quay, Belfast. Liverpool Agents. — Messrs. John- 
son, Grainger and Co., Hargreaves-buildings, 5, Chapel-street, Liverpool. 

British and Irish Steam Packet Company. — Cork Steam Packet Com- 
pany. London Agents.— James Hartley and Co., 137, Leadenhall-street, 
E.C. 

Cork Steam Ship Company. — Chief Office. — Penrose Quay, Cork. 
Liveri'OOL Agents. — Messrs. Wilson, Son, and Walter. 

Dublin Steam Packet Company. — Chief Offices. — 15 and 16, Eden- 
quay, Dublin. 

Dundee, Perth, and London Shipping Company. — Chief Office. — 
Thomas Cooper, Manager, Dundee. London Agent. — ^James W. Kidd, 
New Dundee-wharf, 273, Wapping, E. 

General Steam Navigation Company. — Chief Officf-. — 71, Lombard- 
street, E.C. Martin Pratt, Esq., Secretary. 

Glasgow and Liverpool Steam Lines. — Messrs. Lewis, Potter and Co., 
72, (ireat Clyde-street, Glasgow. Messrs. Mather, Langlands and Sons, 
88, Great Clyde-street, Glasgow. 

Glasgow and Barrow-in-Pumess Steam Line. — Handyside and Hen- 

ilcrson, 47, Union-street, Glasgow. 

Glasgow and Belfast Steam Line. — R. lienderson and Son, Old Custom- 
house-buildings, Belfast. 

Glasgow, Belfast, Dublin, and Londonderry Royal Mail Line of 
Steamers. — Messrs. G. and A. Bums, 30, Jamaica-street, Glasgow. 

Glasgow, Cork, and Waterford Steam Line (Glasgow and London Steam 
Line). — Clyde Steam Ship Company. 

Glasgow, Bristol, and Cardiff Steam Line. — Messrs. Sloan and Co., 34, 
Bothwell-street, Glasgow. 

Glasgow and Dublin Steam Line.— Messrs. Lewis, Potter and Ca, 72, 
Great Clyde-street, Glasgow. 

Glasgow and the Highlands Steam Lines (Summer arrangements). — 
Messrs. David Hutcheson and Co., 119, Ilope-street ; William Robertson, 
74, Broomielaw ; Messrs. R. M. Dunlop, 22, Anderson-quay ; S. M. 

Clark, 5, Dixon-street. 

Glasgow and Londonderry Steam Line. — Alexander A. Laird, 72, Great 

Clyde-street, Glasgow. 

Isle of Man Royal Mail Steam Ship Company. — Chief Office. — 
Douglas, Isle of Man. Liverpool Agents. — Thomas Orford and Son, 
60, Tower-buildings South, Water-street. 




Liverpool (md Briatol Channel Steam Navigation Cotnpany. — Chief 

OhFiiK. — John Bacgn, Managing Owner, 4, Rumford-place, Liverpool. 

Liverpool and Londonderry Steim Line — Livehpooi. Agents. — Messrs. 
Johnson, Grainger it Co., Harp'cavcs-buildings, 5, Chapel-street. 

Liverpool and Silloth Steam Line. — Ltveiimoi. Agents. — Messrs. 
John*ioii, Grainger aiid Co., Hargrtavcs.buildings, 5f Chapet-slreet. 

London and Edinburgh Steam Shipping CoiDpaoy. — John A. Clinskil^ 
Hcnnila^- wharf, Wnpping, li. 

London and South 'WeBlem Railway Company's Steamers (Chaiutd 
I slant] s).^An^i bald Scotl, (.ieneral Manager, Waterloo Station. 

Midland Railway Company's Steamers (Morecambe liay, Barrow, and 
lirislol).— Jamw Allport, General Manager, Derby. 

North Lancashire Steam Navigation Company (Fleetwood), in connect 
lion with Ihc Lancashire and V'ork^hire, and London and Nwlh Wesleni 
Railways. Fleetwcxio Agents.— Mmsts. Kemp and Co. 

South Devon Shipping Company. — William Beer, Manager, South Devon- 
wharf, Dear St. Kalherinc's Docks. 

Tyne Steamship Company Limited. — Chief Office — Newcastle-on- 
Tyne. I,onuon Agent — A. T. Bigg, Hennilage- wharf, E. 

Waterford Steam Packet Company. — London Agent — A. G. Robinson, 
ao, Mark -lane. 

Woolwich Steam Packet Company.— Chief Office. ^ohn Maon, Secre- 
tary, KolTs- wharf, Woolwich. 




OUR OCEAN 



ABSTRACT OF PORTS OF DEPARTURE AND CALL, 



Ports of Destination 


Ocean Steam Lines. 


Ports of 


Dates of 


Intermediate 


and Call. 




Departure. 


Sailing. 


Ports. 


ABO 


Stockholm and St. Petersburg 
Steam Ship Co. — Aijents, 
Messrs. Olson and Wright. 


Stockholm 


Weekly 


••• ••• 










•ACAJUTLA 


Panama Railway Steam Ship 

Co. 
Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 


Panama 


••• ••• ••• ••• 


••• ••• 


ACAPULCO 


Panama 


Tjth and 39th... 


Aspinwall, Pa- 










nama 


ACCRAH 


African Steam Ship Co. ... 


Liverpool 


i2th and 34th... 


>» »» 


X\v^In,C< 


Russuin Steam Navigation Co. 


Odessa 


Alt Sat. weather 


yid Coastanti- 


(St. JEAN D') 






permitting & 
cargo oflering 


nople&Ber 
rout 


ADEN 


Messagcries Maritimes 


Marseilles 


Every 4th Sun- 
day. 




99 


Peninsular and Oriental S. 


Southampton... 


Saturdays, 


Alexandria and 




Navigation Co. 




a p.m. 


Sues 


% 9 ••• ••• ••• 


••• ••• •«• ••• 


Brindisi 

OUvZ ••• ••« ••• 


Tuesdays,aa.m. 

Sundays 

'I'hursaays, 


»•• ••« 


AJACCIO 


Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 


Marseilles 


••« »mm 




tion Co. 




a.m. 
3rd, loth, 17th, 




AKYAB 


British India Steam Naviga- 


Calcutta 


••• »** 




tion Co. 




24th, and 31st. 




ff •■ • • • • •• • 


Peninsular and Oriental S. 


Southampton ... 


Saturdays, 


Alezan., Sue^ 
and Calcutta 




Navigation Co. 




a p.m. 


ALEXANDREITA 


Messagerics Maritimes 


Marseilles 


Satuindays 


•«• ••• 


p g ••• ••• ••■ 


" Moss " Line of Steamers ... 


Liverpool 


Saturdays 


••■ ••• 


>» 


Russian Steam Navigation Ca 


Odessa 


Alternate Satur- 
days 


»••• •»• 


ALEXANDRIA ... 


"Anchor" IJne 


Glasgow 


Monthly 


••• ••• 


»f 


Adriatico Oriental Steam Na- 
vigation Co. 


Venice 


Saturdays, 

3 Pm- 
Sundays, morn- 


»•• ••• 


f9 ••• •"• ••• 


»» tf 


Ancona 


»•• ••• 


9 f •■• ••• ••• 


>> t* 


Brindisi 


ing 
Tuesdays, 
I a.m. 


••* ••• 


ft •-• ••• •.. 


Austrian Lloyd's Steam Ship 
Co. 


Trieste 


Saturdays, mid- 
night 


Conu •«• 


»» ••• 


»i t* 


Cx>nstantinople 


AltemateThufV 
days,4p.m. 


Smymn 


yy •■• ••• ••• 


J. Bibby, Sons, & Ca's S. S. 


Liverpool 


Saturdays. 



* II1C following Steam Lines from Europe connect at Aiipinwall :— The Royal MaU Steam FSukct Co>» 
The Pacific Steam Navigation Co. (West CoastX connects at Panama. 



STEAM 


LINES. 








)ATES OF SAILING, AND THROUGH FARES. 




SmwUie. 


mtHofs^ia.6 


Pen™. 




PbtB of EKiii. 


T=t->,.. 










P-Rj.S,S.'co^ 


Ag«i. 


hdltc M*i] S. Ship 


: : : 


•■95 


ct'taninl 

■ filliandiiu 


Picinc Railw^iy 
Pacific M»i! SlE 


Slutn 

riShip 
OlStt. 


IUv.1 Htwi Nino- 


dayt&SBIiudiiri 


31 nuhle 


Forlnighlly 


A-AV-™. 








£<o 


EviryilllSundly... 


C Guarmiiii, 




S. NanoitiDfi Ca. 


s«>d.)™.f™s«« 


<£45 




A. R. Wcmi, 










4orni.a 


7lh, ,,&. txa, asd 


BuUockBriM.. 


dCo. 


'ci.tti."lt,l!s.N.Co, 








WeeUy 

Alicnum FrUliyi... 
Monlhly. 


P. GiTtlli, 











„■■■.. 




Fi™i..„.ia 




Au«<i»n IJpyd'i ... 


Ti«-Li,.S^ 


u. 


■ piln. 




a.,."B.ui..). 




., 




,8 fa. 


A].™«Tu«1.y.. 








4p,m. 













c Wcu India uid Padfic Steam Ship Co., and Ihe Nonh Geraun UoyJ't. 




CXVl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



ALEXANDRIA 



it 



ALGIERS 

»i 

ALCOA BAY 
ALICANTE 

ALMERIA- 

•AMAPALA 

A^iV^ I 

jt ■■• ••• •• 

AMSTERDAM .. 
ANCONA 



• k • • • • 



ANCUD 

ANTIGUA 

ANTIVARI 

ANTWERP 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Burns and Mclver's Steam 

Ships 
" Moss" Line of Steamers ... 

Marseillaise Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 



>• 



Peninsular and Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
"Anchor" Line 

Messageries Maritimes 

Union Steam Ship Co. 

Spanish Screw Steamers 

(McAndrew's Line) 
Messrs. Segovia Cuadra, and 

Co.'s Steam Ships 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Liverpool 



• «• •• 



t» >» 

Panama Ry. Steam Ship Co. 
Shanghai Steam Ship Co. 
Union Steam Ship Co. 
General Steam Navigation Co. 

Au.strian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 

g&tion Co. 
ibby. Sons, and Co. , Steam 
Ships 
Bums and Maclver^s Steam 

Ships 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Ca 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Col 

»» »» 

Brownlow, Lumsden, and Co. 



Marseilles 



Messina 

Brindisi 

Southampton... 

Odessa 

Glasgow 

Marseilles 
Southampton... 

I London 

Seville 

Marseilles 

fp • • • ••• 

Panama 

Hong-kong ... 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



• • • •• • 



London 

Trieste 

Liverpool 

Valparaiso 
Southampton 

Trieste 

pp ••• ••• 

M &11II ••• ••• ••■ 



Occasional 

Saturdays 

Wednesdays, 9 

a.m. 
Alternate Satur- 

days,fromi3th 

May 

• • • •• • 

Tuesdays, a a. m. 

Saturdays, 

2 p.m. 
Alternate Satiur- 

days 
MonUily 

Tuesdays and 

Saturdays 
loth and 25th... 

Three times 

monthly 
Wednesdays ... 

Thursdays 

Thursdays 

loth and 25th. 

Weekly .. 



*> 



• •• • 



» • • •• 



* See foot note, pages cxiv and cxv. 



Twice a week 
Tuesdays,4p.m. 
Fortnightly. 
Once a month 
ist and i6th ... 
and and 17th ... 



Thursdays, 

5 a.m. 
Saturdays, noon 



Intermc 
Port 



Rotteida 



SaturdajTS 



ViA PI3 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Homewaid. 



Pom of Deuiiuuii 



lonlhly. 
Tuodays K : 



E. luchiw. 
Jouph Trugoli. 



W. H. RoUen.. 



Thomas BeiKtUnL 
Andtnon S Co. 



Mr. llioinu Linu; 



M. F. dc Pidilli 



Slh Md jjrd 


R. D. Ilurr. 


.llhandialh 


W. H. B™-n. 


Wednndiyi. ! a.m. 


NLchob. Briddw 


Tbar.d,i-,,9.nL... 


,. 




CXVlll 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



ANTWERP ... 



■ • • • • 



■ • • • • 



ARGOSTOLI 

^\lxlv^/V ... ... 

ARZEW *... 



■ • • • • 



ASCENSION 



ASPINWALL 
(COLON) 






•f 



AUCKLAND 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Liverpool, Antwerp, and Rot- 
teraam Steam Snip Co. 

Antwerp Steam Snip Co. 
(Baron Osy) 

General Steam Navigation Co. 

Tyne Steam Ship Co. Limited, 
J. S. Dobson, North Shore 

Manchester, Sheffield, and 
Lincolnsfiire Ry. S. S. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 

Union Steam Ship Co 

»» »» 

0>mpagnie (}enerale Tnmsat- 
lantique 

North Cerman Lloyd's 

Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

West Indies and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
Anchor Line . 



••• ••• 



•■t ••• 



Cunard Line ... 

General Transatlantic Line 

Guion Line 

Hamburg American 
Inman Line 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Liverpool, Nel- 
son Dock 

London, St. Ka- 
tharine's Whfl 



Newcastle 
Grimsby •• 
Trieste 

Callao 

Algiers 

Oran 

Southampton ... 



■ ■ • • « 



St Nazaire ... 

Southampton... 
New York 
Southampton... 
Liverpool 
Glasgow 



Liverpool 

Southampton 
^ and Brest 
Liverpool 

Southampton ... 

Liverpool 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Wednes. & Sat, 

Tidal 
Sundays, I a noon 

Tues.&Thurs., 

noon 
Tuesdays 

Wednesdays & 

Saturdays 
Tuesdays, 

36th, 6 p.m. ... 

Tuesdays 

Wednesdays ... 

25th ... 

35th 

8th and 14th 

loth ... ... 

4th and aoth 
3nd and 17th 
5th and 3oth 
Saturdays 



• • • ••« 



Tuesdays and 

Satiurdays 
Fortnightly ... 

Wednesdays ... 



Thundays 



Intenne 
Port 



ViA Cm 
Good! 



ViA New 
thence 1 
Pau:. I 
San 
cisco: t 
by N. 
Trans. 
S. S. t 
nolulu ; 
tlwnce 
Califc 
NewZc 
andAu 
S.S.C 



1 


^B 


^1 


^^^HH 


1 




Otir Ocean Highways. cxi 


STEAM LINES. 
















Steam Line- 


Diitt il Sailing 
torn 


Th.o,.gh 
Finni. 
.«L-l«ss, 


Dsto a( Dcpaitun 


Pom of D«linaliQn, 





:;; 






WtdncKUy* & Sa- 
FrIdjiyi&SiuHUyi, 


Johu P. B«I. 
M.V:md™berg{M.na, 










I' 


SifSXys 












!!•- 


„:sa„.„ 


Mi»m>. RflytaodCon 







_ 





rgHn. 


Buff' and Cd. 










M 


]1«, 6 p.™. ... _. 


M-Tuviog. 




UiMBSttamSliip Co, 




:: 








i 








i;*= 






1 


^ 






8t,3 50 




W. R3lh\.l,IT, 












,lh and ^vi 

iilliaiid]«lh 


J. s!"^"' 






MoMhl). 


£•)• 
a* 


Muml.ly 








•■ 




ZS. .B 




.. .. 



r 




cxx 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 


l^orts of Destination 




Ports of 


Dates of 


Intenne 


• 


Ocean Steam lines. 








andCalL 




Departure. 


Sailing. 


Porto 


AUCKLAND ... 


National Line 


Liverpool 


• 

Wednesdays ... 


ViA New 

•> 


aa ••• ••• ••• 


North German Lloyd's 


Southampton ... 


Tuesdays 


y* ••• •■■ ••■ 


White Star Line 


Liverpool 


Thursdays 


»» 


yf ••• ••• ••• 


Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 


Southampton... 


and and xyth ... 


Aspinwall 

ma, San 

cisco,« 

nolulu 


f^ ••• ••• ••• 


West India and Pacific Steam 

ShipCa 
North Pacific TranqKntation 

Co. 


Liverpool 


5th and aoUi ... 


»t 


f ••• ••• ••• 


San Frandsoo... 


Monthly 


Honohili 


9y •■• ••• ••• 


Eldred and Spence's Sydney 
Steam Line 


Melbourne ... 
viA Sydney 


Weekly 


• •• 


^f ••• ••• ••• 


•» ** 


Sydney 


f» »» 


• •• 


yf ••• ••• ••• 


J. Ward and Co.'s Steamers, 

3, Bridge-street, Sydney 
Bailey and Leethaun 


Sydney 


Weekly 


ViA Bh 
Hokiti 


^\^v/lvf!«Oa*« ••■ •■• 


HuU". 






(See also under An- 










^&St. Michael 










in Gazetteer). 










BAGDAD 


Euphrates and Tigris Steam 


Bussorah 


About every xo 


Em's 




Navigation Co. 


(Busreh). 


days 


Dufasa 


BAxiIA .». 


Liverpool, Brazil, and River 


Lond(»i 


x'ath 


VUAxi!t% 


(BRAZIL) 


Pbte Steam NavisationCo. 
(Lamport and Holt) 








(Passport necessary) 








yy ••• ••• ••• 


»* *t 


Liverpool 


20m ... ... ... 


• •• 


yy ••• •■• ••• 


Messageries Maritimes 


Bordeaux 


a4th 


Lisbon 


■| ■•• ••• ••• 


Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 


Southampton... 


9th, at 3 p.m. ... 


t» 


XjAIVLiJ ••« «•• ••* 


Caucasian Steam Navigadon 

Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Ca 


Astrabad. 


Fortnightly ... 


raPelr 


BALLENITA ... 


Callao 


xoth, 6 p.m. ... 


••• 


BALTIMORE ... 




Liverpool 


T^mce a month. 




y^ *•• ••• •«• 


Baltimore and Ohio Railway 
Co.'s W. S. Une 


Liverpool. 






tf ••• ••• ••■ 


North German Lloyd's Steam 
Ship Co. 


Bremen 


Alternate Wed- 
nesdays 


••■ 


%f ■•• ••• ••• 


»• » 


Southampton... 


Alternate Satur- 
days, noon. 


••« 


BARBADOES ... 


Royal Mail Steam P^ket Ca 


Southampton ... 


and iati. XTdi ... 


••• 


my ••• ••• «■ • 


West Indies & Pacific Steam 
Ship Co. 


Liverpool 


3*** ••• *•• ••• 


• •• 


'^ELONA ... 


Spanish Screw Steameni ... 
(MacAndrew's Line) 


Liverpool 


Three timet • 





I^^l^^^^l 


Our Ocean Highways. 


CX 


.INES. 1 


: 


Dnle. of Sailing 
IntCRUCdi^K! Port.. 


ThrouKli 


Datei ot Dtpattuie 
UomewuM. 


Agcnu u 
PotBofDalmalior 


... 


Monlhly 


ZjS.s 


„„„,h,y 


Ascnl of the C, N. 




.. 


j£M 


,. 


... 


.. 


^s. .e 






l^^:. 


,. .. 


^!» 




1 


|S 




^f7.) 






JmuJu 


Ahcrnale »m1i^. 




Monihly. 


f 


tJiK.i. 







Evtryirrdin ... 


SKphaiLyntli»d( 


Slfir., 


.3'h 




!"h'.'.''!. I 


C, Kuhnen, 
WiUon. He... inJ Cc 


... 







FortBighlly. 
'Olli,io»-in 

Ali=™ie W*di.u- 


JoU Baldlgin 






^v 


.ott^d.jd. 


M. Civu) and Co. 






/" 





D>C(>iUi°dCo 




CXXll 



Oitr Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destuiatlon 
and Call. 



BARCELONA ... 



it 

BAR! 



• • ••« 



••• ••• ••• 



UASSE-TERRE ... 
(GUADELOUPE) 



■ « ••• 



EASTIA ... 

(COR.SICA) 
♦DATAVIA 



• • •• • •• • 



• • ••• 



BATHURST 
BATOUM 



I « • •• 



••■ ••• ••• 



• • •■ • *• • 



BAYONNE ... 

BENIN 

BERDIANSK 

BERGEN ... 
BERMUDA ... 
BEYROUT 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Spanish Screw Steamers ... 

(Mac Andrew's Line.) 
Segovia Cuadra and Co.'s 

Spanish Line of Steamers 
Peirano Danovaro and C^o.'s 

Steam Line 
Compagnie Q€n€n\it Tran- 

satlantique 

Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Netherlands India Steam Ship 
Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



African Steam Ship Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 

Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Local Steam Line between St. 
Sebastian, Bilbao, and San- 
tander, twice a week 

African Steam Ship Qo. 

Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 



»« 



«f 



••• ••• 



•.. ••• 



.• ••• ... ... 



■#• ... ... 



«. .If ... ••• 



BILBAO 



Messrs. T. Wilson and Ca's 

Steamers ^ 
North American Steam Line 

Austrian Lloyd's 



Messageries Maritimes 

"Moss" Line, Messrs. J. Moss 
and Co. 

Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Spanish Screw Steamers, Mac- 
Andrews and (Jo. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



London, Mill- 
wall Docks 
Marseilles 



• ••• 



Genoa 

St. Nazaire ... 

Marseilles 
Singapore 
Southampton ... 

Brindisi 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 

Odessa 



« • •• 



A Oil •«« ••• ••• 

Liverpool 
Odessa ... ... 

Kertcu 

XXUil ... «•« ••. 

Halifax ... ... 

Alexandria ... 

Constantinople 

Marseilles 

Liverpool ... 

Odessa 

London 

Liverpool 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Three times a 

month. 
Thursdays ... 

Weekly 

X^Ul ••• «•• ••■ 

Fridays, 9 a.m. 

Weekly 

Alternate SaU., 
3 p.m. 

Alt. Tuesdays, 

9 a.ni. 
14th or 35th ... 

Saturdays. 

Saturdays, 4 p.m. 

Tuesdays 



94th or 35th ...' 

Monda3rs and 
Thursdays, 3 
p.in. 

Twice a week... 

Alternate Thurs- 
days 
Monthly .M ... 

Alternate Fri- 
days, XI a.m. 

Alternate Thurs- 
days, 4 p.m. 

Saturdays 

Saturdays 

Alternate Satur- 
days 
Every zo days 



Intenoc 
Port 



ViA Nap] 



Alex. & 
& Sini 



Constant 



Vi& Seva 



ViA Por 
ViA Smj 

ViAQXtm 

ViA Con 
nople 



* Connection at Singapore with the Mcaaageries Maritimes from Marseillet.— Fare ;C8s* 



Our Ocean Ht'glnways. cx3 



STEAM LINES. 



piannii Ouioniv ai 



ftTiinwbr Jt Orioiiil 



W. Godiiard. 
P. Culdici. 



On«.iw«lr,6lioiiK 



. S=lunJa>-siiadW«l. 

- T»l«a-Kk 
All. Thundaj-i 
MoDlhl]-. 






MoiuUys, 7 ; 
W«ldy ... 



. J. Laurdb. 




CXXIV 



Our Ocean Highways, 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



BIMLIPATAM 



%% 



• • •%• 



•BOMBAY .. 



■■• ••■ ••• 



••• •■• •■• 



•#• ••• ••• 



ft ••• ••• 

BONA 

BONIFACIO 

BONNY 

BORDEAUX 



BOSTON 



•• •«• ••• 



• • ••• 



fy ••• ••• ••• 

BOUGIAH 

1^ ••• ••• ••• 

BOULOGNE ... 

yi ••• ••• ••• 

BOURGAZ 



• • • • • • 



BREMEN 



• • •• • 



yy !•• •«• •«• 

oKIStfO 1 ••• • 



BRISBANE 



ft 



f» 



#•• ••• •»• 



»•• ••■ ••• 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



British India Steam Navi- 

tion Co. 
Peninsular and Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
Bombay and Bengal Steam 

Ship Co. 
Rubattino Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Marseillaise Steam Nav. Co. 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

*» >f 
Messageries Maritimes 

Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 
African Steam Ship Co. 

Pacific Steam Navigation Ca 

I. Moss and Co's. Steamers 

r* Anchor" Line 



••• ••• 



Cunard Line, British and N. 
American Steam Ship Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 



*> 



General Steam Navigation 

Co. 
South- Eastern Railway Co. 



Austrian Lloyd's ... 



... ... 



ft 



North German Lloyd's 

French Steam Line 



f* 



f» 



** 



»» 



Australian Steam Navigation 
Ca 



» 



f» 



Messn. Bright Bros, and 
Co's. Steam Line 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Madras 

Southampton ... 

oucz ••« ••• ••• 



• •• •• 



Genoa 

Marseilles 
Southampton... 
Brindisi 

OUCZ ••• ••« ••• 

Marseilles 
Liverpool 

pf ••• ••• 

fy ••• ••• 

Glasgow 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 
Algiers 

London 

Irongate Whf. 
Folkestone ... 

IbraHa 

Constantinople 

London 

Horsleydown 
HuU... 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



14th and 38th... 

AltemateSatur- 
days, 2 p.m. 
Twice a month 



••• ••• 



••• •«• 



Bordeaux 

Dtmkirk 

Havre ... ... 

Sydney ... ... 

Queensland ... 
Melbourne ... 



a4th ... 

Every 5 weeks 

Saturdays,2 p.m. 

Tuesdays,3 p.m. 
Sundays, 6 p.m. 

Fridays 

AltemateThurs- 
daysy 9 a.m. 
24th or asth ... 

13th and 39th... 

Once a week ... 

Wednesdays & 
Saturdays 

Tuesdays 

Tuesdays 
Saturdays, noon 

Three dmes a 
week. Tidal 

Twice daily, 
Tidal 

Wednesdays, 3 
p.m. 

Saturdays,4p.m. 

Tliundays and 

Sundays, mor. 

SatttrdaySfeven* 

ing 
Satiudays. 



*» 



»» 



5th, xoCh, xsCh, 
aoth, asth, aoth 

vrceiciy ... (•• 



** 



*• 



Interne 
Port 



Alex., Su* 
Madra 



Suez Car 

Vi& Suci 

Alexandr 
Suez 



Via, Q 

town 
Ti^Algv 



ViA Gall 
In 



n;<sj<h 



* FSttMBgtn by tht Auatma Lloyd's Scmumti (TkkiltX 



ivididM^i 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Jng 


ih.<«nfs^n«.g 


Throueh 


Ita<aorDep»nun 
Homeward. 


.*P=nu.l 






j£s 




Hyilop and Ot. 


UnioN. 


MthandiBth 


j£m 




., 




*"":::' 


i,40orn. 


Twiot.moiilh ... 


W. Nieii1a>idCa 
G. F. Heary. 


lOnmal 


SoBd.y.,6p.p., ... 


tH 






:: ;: 


ft 


:: 


:: :; 







C* 


Mondavi 


Jutbden Chine 






49bMH3 











i*S " 6 


AbcuL4tb. 




. ... 




<Cs 


T.ri«. month. 









.Ci 





Albrcthi and SoB!. 






'S5 

°!i^""' 




S. AleiaadEr. 


I!".*;™ 


SalurJay, noon ... 


::: 


S:'^?^;!^-:^ 


Edwaid FuiMd. 







Si.«d. 




A. Driatm. «. Quiu de 


-d'. 


Friday, e a,.ii. ... 


... 


Sunday.. 7 n---. 
Saluniliyv a p.m. 


H, GiOcklich. 


;; : 






MotidiyiindTliDn- 
MoD^y mDmiogt 


Minagtr of Ihe N. Ger- 

i^Lloyd'^B™™. 







jof™a 


Wcrkly. 









iT5 


occ^^ny.: ... 


Crighi Biot and Ca 



t -^ ThrDUfb Circ, jf yt. 




CXXVl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCB 



Ports of Destination 
and Call 



BRISBANE ... 
BRINDISI ... 



f> 



••• ••» 



BUENAVEN- 
TURA 
BUENOS AYRES 



BUSHIRE .. 
BUSSORAH.. 



CABELLO, see 
PUERTO CA- 
BELLO 



CADIZ . 



»» 



»» 



*> 



>* 



CAEN 

CAGLURI 
»» •• 
»» •• 

CAIFA .. 

»» •• 
CALAIS .. 

»» •• 
CALBUCO 



Ocean Steam lines. 



Messrs. Bright Bros. & Co's 

Steam Line 
Austrian Lloyd's 



»» 



•« • ••• •• • 



» 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Liverpool, Brazil^ and River 
Plate Steam Navigation Co. 



»$ 



t» 



Messageries Maritimes 

River Parana Steam Ship Co. 
— S. Wrieht, Kelso, & Co. 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Antwerp, Brazil, and River 

Plate 
British India Steam Naviga* 

tion Co. 
Euphrates and Tigris Steam 

Navigation Co. 



Peninsular Line,M.E. Grosos, 

Havre 
Turner and Edwards's Steam 

Line 
Spanish Screw Steamers 
MacAndrew's and Ca 
Segovia Cuadia and Ca's 

Steamers 
Messrs. Hall Jun. and Cb.'s 
Steamers, i. New London- 
street, E.C 
L. and S. W. Ry. Steamers ... 

Rubattino and Ca's Steam 
Line 



»» 



ft 



t» 



*t 



Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 



»> 



>f 



General Steam Navigatioo 

Co. 
South Eastern Railway Ca 

Pacific Steam NarigatkmCo. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Sydney 

Smyrna 

Trieste 

Callao 

Liverpool 
London ... ... 

Bordeaux 
Liverpool 
Southampton... 



■ • ••• 



London 

MiUwaUDks. 
Bombay 

Bagdad ... ... 



Dates of 

Sailing. 



••• ••• 



Havre 

Bristol 

London ... ... 

Marsdlles 

London (Lon- 
don Dodcs) 

Southampton ... 

Genoa 



... 



»> 



.. ... 



Palermo ... ... 

Alexandria ... 
Constantinc^le 

London. Iron- 
gate Wharf 

Dover, Mail 
Route 

Valparaiso ... 



Occa»onal 
Saturdays,4p.m. 
Tuesdays,4p.m 
xoth, 6 p.m. ... 

jio%n ••• ••• ••• 

X3VU ••• ••• »•• 

94^ ••• • 

XOUl ••• ••• ••• 

9tli, at 3 p.m. 
About 37th ... 
6th and aoCh ... 
Every xo days 



Every xo days 

Monthly. 

Three times a 

month 
Thursdays ... 

Several limes a 
mcmth. 

Mons.,Weds.,& 

Frds.,xx.45p.m. 

Mondays and 

Thursdays 
Fridays 

Alternate Satur- 
days. 

Akeinate Fri- 
days, IX a.m. 

Alternate Thurs- 
days, 4p.m. 

Wednesd^rs ft 
Satur. . lldal 

Twice ttily ... 

xtt and i6cli, xo 
am. 



Interme« 
Poiti 



yidAnco 



Monte vi< 



Montevid 

Lisbon 

Monte* 
yid Fal 

and Ai 



Kil Kut,: 
&£aa's 



rihif HaT 

and Tor 

ViA FM 
K<4Smji 



I^^^B^^^^l 




Our Ocean HigkTvays. 


cxa:\ 


;.1NES. 


ing 


DalHc/SaUbs 


Through 


Homewartl. 


As««al 
Peru Df DtfliiuUkii 







M 


OceuidmiUy 


Bright Brh. and Co. 


„ .. 


~ 


BjBb. 


Friday,. > p.n.. ... 


UNnvegniu 


IZ 





^3S 


Pridayi. ,. a.«. ... 
■5ll'.4P.in 


J. N. Cordon. 

K. A. Gtcw and Ca 






ij5 


3=lh 


0. de llartrin Donw 







jCja 


ijlh. al 4 p.m. ... 


C K=nn and Co. 





FaJmoulh, 3rd .. 


^35 




Cray, Paul, and C* 


ilS*^ 





£•1 
Xl 7 


AbOTii ei^ry 10 
days 

Three limesamomh 
Fridays 


Stephen Lynch nod 1 

E, Collel- 

Alcao. 


dCo. 










yd'* 


-mpz. 


6*.M. 


Ahenale Fridays. 

iutd>yt, Tidal 
T«i« daily. 


M. ScopLaich. 

D. Spitrs, Place d'Ai 






*i3 


£ih and ijtd, 8,3a 


DinneDandCo. 




CXXVl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCEAN 



Forts of Destination 
and Call 



BRISBANE ... 
6RINDISI ... 



>> 



BUENAVEN- 
TURA 
BUENOS AYRES 



• •• •< 



BUSHIRE .. 
BUSSORAH.. 



CABELLO. see 
PUERTO CA- 
BELLO. 

CADIZ 



f » 



• • • •• 



» 



>» 



... • 



CAEN 

CAGLURI .. 

»» ••• •• 

»» ••• •• 

CAIFA 

•t •'• •• 
CALAIS 

II 

CALbUCO .. 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Messrs. Bright Bros. & Co's 

Steam Line 
Austrian Lloyd's 



•» 



••• ••• ••• 



» 



Pacific Steam Na^gation Co. 

Liverpool, Brazil, and River 
Plate Steam Navigation Co. 
•1 >» 

Messageries Maritimes 

River Parana Steam Ship Co. 
~S. Wrieht, Kelso, & Co. 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Antwerp, Braxil, and River 
Plate 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Euphrates and Tigris Steam 
Navigation Co. 



Peniasular Line,M.E. Grosos, 

Havre 
Turner and Edwards's Steam 

Line 
Spanish Screw Steamers 
MacAndrew's and Ca 
Segovia Cuadra and Co.'s 

Steamers 
Messrs. Hall Jan. and Co.'s 
Steamers, i. New London- 
street, E.C. 
L. and S. W. Ry. Steamers ... 

Rubattino and Co.*s Steam 
Line 



II 



fi 



Austrian I Joyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 



•» 



General Steam Navigation 

Co. 
South Eastern Railway Ca 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Ports of 
Departtuv. 




Sydney 

Smyrna 

Trieste ... ... 

Callao 

Liverpool 

London ... ... 

Bordeaux 

Liverpool 

Southampton... 

London 

MiUwall Dks. 
Bombay 



Bagdad . 



•« ••■ 



Havre 

Bristol 

London ... ... 

MarMilles 

London (Lcm- 
don Docks) 

Southampton ... 

Genoa 



I* 



... ... 



... ... 



F<iIermo ... ... 

Alexandria ... 
Constantinople 

London, Iron- 
gate Wharf 

Dover, Mail 
Route 

Valparaiso ... 



Ocosiooal ... 
SatunUys,.M>>flB. 
TueidayB»4p.m 
xoch, 6 p.111. ... 

ywn ... •.. ... 
laxn ... ... «.• 



... •.. 



«4th ... 

VOUl ••• ••• »•« 

9Ch, at 9 PlIB. 
About 97^ •»• 
6chandMth ... 
Every xodays 



yu 



M ottrvidco . 



Every 10 days 

Monthly. 

Three tines a 

month 
Thundays ... 

Sevcnl tnuM a 
month. 

MoBa..Weds.,ft 
Frds., 1 1.45 p.m. 
Mondays and 

Thursdays 
Fridays . 



»• ... 



Altematt Satur- 
days. 

Akeniaie Fri- 
days, II a.Bi. 

AlteniateThurs' 
days,4pLm. 

Wednotby* * 
Saiur., Tidal 

Twice daily ... 
ist and i6ch. 10 



VU Falmotfh 



^a Kot.Ddbk 
&£jnsTMik 



reiHavn 
r«fTcnaNi 



yiM Ftet 

yu 




Owr Oeta» H^mayt. 



STBAH LIHBS. 



Eupknun ud Tifrii 



Frito^ •• ..m. „ 


« 


.fdW4P.». .- -. 


J.M.Ortm. 





U.A.Ct«BudCtt. 


JO* - 


a .I* U»u» Dom*. 


.jdl.U4p.«. „ 


CnnauilCo. 




Cny. Paul, ud Cft 


Abaoi «mr to 


SuFkoLTBcbudC 



Rnliuiiaa and Cs. 



Ahfnu* FiidiTv 
Akcnuc Uondiri. 







CXXVlll 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OC] 


Port* of Destination 


Ocean Steam Lines. 


Ports of 


Dates of 


Interm 


and Call. 




Depart tire. 


Sailing. 


Poi 


•CALCUITA ... 


Messageries Maritimes 


Marseilles 


Every 4th Sun- 
day 
asth September 


ViA Sue 


yy ••• •■• •«• 


Messrs. F. Green and Co.'s 


London (S. W. 


SuezCai 




Steam Line 


India Docks) 






>» 


Red Cross Line 


London 


••• ••• 


i» 


f f ••• «*• ••• 


Star Line 


Liverpool 


•«• ••• 


ft 


f9 ••• ••• ••• 


Peninsular & Oriental Steam 


Southampton... 


AltSats..3p.m., 
from 4th Feb. 


Alezand 




Navigation Co. 




Suez 


ff ••• •■• •>• 


»» »i 


Brindisi 


Alternate Tues- 
days, a a. m. 


t* 


yP «•• ••• ••• 


>i f> 


oUCZ ••• ••• ••• 


Alternate Sun- 
days, 8 p.m. 


... 


CALDERA 


Compagnie G<fn^rale Trans- 
atJantique 


St. Nazaire ... 


0»il ••• ••• •«• 


Aspinwa 










»f •• 


North German Lloyd's 


Southampton... 


lOLIl ••• •«• «•• 


»» 


ft ••• ••• •■• 


Pacific Mail Steam Ship Ca 


New York ... 


4thand3oth ... 


tt 


ti ••• ••« ••• 


Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 


Liverpool 


X3th and agth... 


ViA B< 
Lisbon 
neirOfB 
andVa 










ff •«• ••• •■• 


t» yt 


Callao 


36thi 6 p.m. ... 


• •• 


fff ••■ ••• ••• 


»» »» 


Valparaiso ... 


asth, 6 p.m. ... 


••• 


l» • 


Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 


Southampton ... 


and and 17th ... 


Aspinwa 


If «•• «•« ••• 


West India and Pacific Steam 


Liverpool 


5th and aoth ... 


tt 


CALICUT 


Ship Co, 
British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 


Bombay 


•«• ••• 


••» 


t% ••• ••• ••• 


Peninsular and Oriental Steam 


Southampton... 


Alternate Satur- 


Bombay 




Na^gation Co. 




days, s p.m. 


see 


CALLAO 


Compagnie G^drale Transat- 

lantique 
North German Lloyd's 


St. Nazaire ... 


DuA ••• ••• ••• 


Aspinwa 
nama 


fy •*• •*. ••• 


Southampton ... 


•Ovfl ••• «•• ••• 


» 


ff •.« ••• ••• 


Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 


New York 


4thand90th ... 


*• 


II ••• ••■ ..» 


Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 


Liverpool 


13th and 3$^... 


ViA B< 
Lisbon 
neiro.B 
andVa 










fi ••• •.• ••• 


(» ft 




ist, loch, lath, 

and asth 
3rd, zotn. 17th, 


.•• 


ti ••* •.« •*• 


ft »» 


Valparaiso ... 


... 








uid asth 




9^ ••• •*• ••• 


Royal Mail Steam Ship Co. 


Southampton ... 


and and xTth ... 




fy ••• «•• ••• 


West India and Padfic Steam 
Ship Co. 


Liverpool 


Sth and aoth ... 


*• 


vAl'Yl • >.. 


Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 


Marseilles 


Fridays, 8 pim. 




tion Co. 





* Patssengen by the Austrian Lloyd's Steamen (Trieste) coiuMCt with Um I 



Our Ocean Highways. 



LINES 












ming 


Da„,ofSa. 


"S 


m™.. 


D.t«orDn»nu« 


AB««.« 


1 line. 


m^^d™ r™. 


"tST' 


h™,.™^ 


Ports of DalmatiDc. 


.: : ... 






/to 


Ev^^founhS^r. 


— 









/J7.> 






BdOrinUil 

■*. Co. 


All. Sundays, B 


... 


/«S 


AJicrniu Moiuliyi 


H. P. Lovdl. 


_ ... 







/sj; 


., 


.. 


HKavisi- 


■ St ... -.. ... 


,., 


,,.!^rn- 


'3^9».'» 


s:™«»aco. 


: 





... 







■■ 










Twictamonlh ... 
ipdcsnl. ap.ni,-. 


,. 


KB Navlga- 


'"paJSil'''"' 


IWO 




Slhandi9th,6p.in. 
ith, nih. and i9.h. 


A. Irvine & Co. 


UL Niiviga- 


,.,::: 




/7i 
£l' 


.and, .oa,m. ... 


G.relric.Ccnml Mill- 
age., P. S, N. Co. 


„ 


.«h=Dd.sth 




8.1; 




,. 











roth. ,,ih,ja,d, and 


,. 




■uh »d liih .. 




/M ,1 6 


i4ihuid;8i!i,iDa.iii. 


,. 


.. 






.^S' 


..thindJSth 


John S. Guy. 








jsfri 







a Navigation Company's S 



. Suci.-Throogh fare. /91. 



r 




cxxx 



Our Ocean Highways, 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Deslination 
and Call. 



CAMAROONS ... 
CANDIA 

V^^Vi^ C«^\ ••• ••■ ■•« 

CANNANORE ... 



» • • • • 



CANNES 

CAPE COAST 

CASTLE 
CAPE HAYTI ... 

CAPE PALMAS... 

CAPE TOWN ... 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



African Steam Ship Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Ship 
Co. 



>* 



»i 



Ports of 
Departure. 



■ • «•• • • 



CAPRIJA 

CARLSCRONA ... 

CARRIZAL-BAJO 

CARTHAGENA 
(S. AMERICA) 



••• ••• ••• 



CARTHAGENA 

(SPAIN) 



»> 



• • •• • 



^y •■• •■• ••• 

^^/Vo i^A «V *•• ••• •■• 

CATANIA 



»> 



■ • • • • • • 



British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Marfeiluuse Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

African Steam Ship Co. 

Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atlantique 
African Steam Ship Co. 

Cape and Natal Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 
Union Steam Sh^ Ca 

R. Rubattinoand Co.'s Steam 

Line 
United Steam Ship Ca 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

West India and Paicific Steam 
Ship Co. 

Spanish Screw Steamers, Mac- 
Andrews and Ca 

Segovia Cuadra and Co.'s 
Steam Ships 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsularand Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Pacific Steam Navigation Ca 

J. and V. Florio and Co's 
Steam Ships 



Liverpool 

Trieste • 

Candia 

Bombay 

Southampton ... 

Marseilles 

Liverpool 

St. Nazaire ... 

Liverpool 

London 

Southampton... 

Leghorn 

Copenhagen ... 
Stockholm 
(during season) 
Call 



Date of 

Sailing. 



»•• ••• 



24th ... 

Sats., 3 p.m. ... 

Alternate Mon- 
days, ap.m. 

Saturdays,3p.m. 
Fridays, 8 p.m. 

3^U1 ••• ••• ••• 



Intermediate 
Ports. 



Ki^Retimo 



*•« ••• 



••• ••« 



• • ••• 



••• ••• 



CATTARO 



If 



•• ••• ••« 



^y •«• ••• ••• 

CAYENNE 



Austrian Lloyd's ... 



... ... 



» 



>t 



ti 



» 



>* 



>t 



••• ••• 



Compagnie G^nAale Trans* 
atlantique 



lao 

Southampton... 

Liverpool 

London 

Liverpool 
Marseilles 

Dombay 

Southampton... 

Oillao 

Psuermo ... ... 

Malta 

Trieste 

Prcvesa 

Omstantinople 

oyrsk ••• ••• ••• 

St Nazaire ... 



14th ... 

34th ... 

7th ... 

loth and 35th... 

Wednesdays, 9 

«.m. 
WeeUy. 

36th, 6 p.ni. ... 

3Ilu ... ... •*. 

5th or aoth ... 

Three times a 

month 
Thursdays ... 

14th and 98th... 

Satiudays,3p.m. 

xoch, 6 p.m. •.. 

Tuesdays 

Fridays 

Tuesdays and 

Saturdays ... 

Sundays, 6 a. m. 

Ah. Saturdays 

Alt. Thursdays 



Bombay (whidi 
see) 

... *•• 

••• ... 
Sl Thomas «• 

Dartmouth m. 
Madeira ... — 



8th ... 



••• ••• 



BoaOatyCwIiici 



••• ••• 

••• * •«• 

••• ••« 

••• ••• 

KklGallqKdi. 

Vid 

ViA 



Our Ocean Highways. 



7Z. 


Diu«ofS.ilii,g 

Srom 


■uCk». 

One 




A«^»l 








i*i to 6 






, ~ ... 





.oBOn. 


Tu«d«yi,jp.m.... 


F. tu». 


Jsyd". ... 




£9 
.C4O.0 6 


AltenuteTuwUyt, 


M.li«>j«SSaos. 


itantiqoc 





^38 (.6 






Nm>1 Slam 


iqlh 


£3' -I 





AndtraonmdO). 






fo 


ijth, SP-m. 


Joho H. Gon. 


. „. ... 




Xjj 


IDd 


r. C SK«nwO 






Z-. 


jMi 


HaciaeHijo. 








.£m 


Mondays 


M. ABdrf Pedroio. 







£1 


.3tha=d27lh 


S.Chry,u]: 


^^^^.. 


HlbsoilsBih 


£7' 


i3lhand^;lh 


„ 




9-^ 


3irf or ,th, noon ... 


E. FsTomtqut 












BLuri, AvcUne and Co 









ThunHiiiyi 


.. 


Uoyd-' 


a..uly. 




Snnd.yi ^d Fri- 


Slephcn Jmich- 


. 


All, Suadiyi 


..100 fb- 


Ah. MoDdayi... .„ 


U. Sponti. 




cxxx 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCBAl 



Ports of DestiiuUion 
and CalL 



CAMAROONS ... 

CANDIA 

CJAMc<A 

CANNANORE ... 



CANNES 



■•• ••• 



• • • • • 



CAPE COAST 

CASTLE 
CAPE HAYTI ... 

CAPE PALM AS... 

CAPE TOWN ... 

99 ••• ••• •«• 

CAPRIJA 

CARLSCRONA ... 

CARRIZAL-BAJO 

CARTHAGENA 
(S. AMERICA) 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



••• •«• ••• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



CARTHAGENA 
(SPAIN) 



>f 



••■ • ■ • 



^«»«V*v^mXV »•• ••• 



»f 



•• •■• «■• 



CATANIA 

■p ••■ ••• ••• 

CATTARO 

PI ... ... ... 

\^A\ Axjl-rn ... ... 



African Steam Ship Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Ship 
Co. 

>* f» 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

MarKiliaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

African Steam Ship Co. 

Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atfantique 
African Steam Slup Co. 

Cape and Natal Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 
Union Steam ShipCa 

R. Rubattinoand Co.'s Steam 

Line 
United Steam Ship Co 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

West India and Pacific Steam 
Ship Co. 

Spanish Screw Steamers, Mac- 
Andrews and Ca 

Segovia Cuadra and Co.'s 
dteam Ships 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navisntioa Ca 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

J. and V. Florio and Go's 
Steam Ships 



■ • ••« 



Liverpool 

Trieste .. 

Candia 

Bombay 

Southampton ... 

Marseilles 

Liverpool 

St. Nazaire ... 

Liverpool 

London 

Southampton... 

Leghorn ... ... 

Copenhagen ... 
Stockholm 
(during season) 
Callao 

Southampton... 

Liverpool 



Date of 
Sailing. 



••• *•• 



••• •• 



Austrian Lloyd's .. 



>f 



»f 



••• •• 



••• •• 



••• ••• •• 



latemediatt 



•■• ••• 

• • • 



Compagnie G^nAale Trans* 
ailantique 



London 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 



Bombay 

Southampton... 
Callao ... ... 

Palermo 

Malta 

Trieste 

Prcvesa 

Constantinople 

wjTTm ••■ ••• ••• 

St Nazttire ... 



S4th ... 

Sats.» 3 p.ni. ... 

Alternate Mon- 
days, » p.m. 

Saturdays,* p. m. 
Fridays, 8 p.m. 

2^Ln ••• ••« ••• 

14th ... 

S4th 

7th 

loth and »5th... 

Wednesdays, 9 

a.ni. 
WeeUy. 
$t >* 

96ch, 6 p.m. ... 

3IIO ••• ••• ••• 

5th or aoth ... 

Three times a 

month 
Thursdays ... 

14th and 98th... 

Satunlays,ap.m. 

loth, 6 p.m. ... 

Tuesdays 

Fridays ... ... 

Tuesdays and 

Saturdays ... 

Sundays, 6 a.m. 

Ah. Saturdays 

Alt. Thursdays 

Bill •.* ••• ••• 






Bombay (vkic 
5) 



SLThOOM 

Dartmoodi 
Msdeirs «. 



Bombay («* 
) 



.« ••*• 



K«ISakMtt£ 
ViA 




Owr Otum Highways. 



cxxxi 



X*IllBt. 




Lbid** 



►• ••• ••• 



i* G^oAmlt 



IHaialSteam 



*• ••• ••• 



••• ••• 



AkerMt* Mondays, 
8pi.m. 

••• ••• •■• 



••« ••• ••• 



••• ••• ••• 



••> ••• ••• 



MO KI l ••• ••• ••• 



••• ••• »•• 



•• ••• 



••• ••• 



laiTtfiwTTi 



M* ■•• •«• 



Uoyd't. 



m— —% 



•• ••• ••• 



••• ••• ••• 



*•• •• 



»•• ••• ••% 



wm »•• 



• * •*• 



••• ••• ••• 



• • ••« 



StttmUys 



•t 



£9 

In 

15 fts. 

;C40I0 6 

iposofrc 
;Cl8o6 

£v to 



t4t]| and tSth 



•• ••• 



Ak. Soodftys. 



»•# ••• ••• 



/is 

£u 

£i 
£-n 

fsa 



Tbetdaytft 5 p.«. 



AltcfBatcTiMsdayi^ 
3a.«. 



*«• ••• 



r. iitv. 

V. Stitglits. 

ILUMdM* 



AadtrtOB aad Co. 



1,100 frt. 



V9Q ••• *•• ••• ••• 

•WU» ••• ••• ••• ••• 

■loodays.** ••• •» 
X31I1 aad «7lh... 
X3tli and 97th... - 
3nlor4th, noon 
Saturdays 
Tlmndayt 



••• •• 



••• •• 



Sundays and Fri- 

days, 8 a.ak 
Wednesdays »,, »* 



JoknH. Gort. 

IfaciaaHUa 

M. Aadfi^dRMi 
S.CfanrttaL 

E. 

M 



Cb 



AlLlloodayi 



>•*• ••• 



•• 




CXXXll 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
and CalL 



CERIGO 

CERRO-AZUL 
CETTE 



■•• •■• ••■ 



CEYLON (POINT 
DE GALlE) 



»* 



•> 



• ■ • • • • 



••t •*• 



• • ••• 



CHALA ... . 
CHANARAL 



CHARLESTON, 

U.S. 
CHERBOURG ... 

CHERCHELL ... 

CHINCHA IS- 
LANDS 
CHITTAGONG ... 



M 



••• ••• ... 



CHRISTIANIA ... 



»i 



» 



•«• ... 



... ••• 



CHRISTIAN- 
SAND 



t> 



CIVITA 

VECCHIA 
• COBIJA 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



A. Booth and Go's. Steam 

Ships 
Austrian Lloyd's 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 
Austrian Lloyd's S. S.. Co.... 

Messageries Maritimes 



»t »» 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Ca 

New York and Charleston 

Steam Ship Co. 
London and South-Westem 

Railway Co. 
Messagenes Maritimes 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

British India Steam Naviga- 

tionCo. 
Peninsular and Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
Messrs. Thomas Wilson and 

Co.'s Steamers 



f> 



>• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



.*• ... 



... ••* 



... ... 



•< 



Anchor** Line 



Messrs. Thomas Wilson and 
Ca's Steamers 



»» 



'Anchor** Line 



••• ••• 



Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Ca 



Liverpool 

Trieste .. 

Callao .. 

Marseilles 

Trieste .. 

Marseilles 

Suez ... 

Southampton ... 

Brindisi 

Suez ... 

Callao 

Callao 

New York 

Southampton... 

Marseilles 

Callao 

Calcutta 

Southampton ... 

HuU 

London ... 

Edinburgh 

(Granton) 
Hull 



••• ••• 



London 



••• ••• 



Edinburgh 

Granton 

Marseilles 



Date of 
Sailing. 



37th or 38th ... 

Tuesdays,4p.m. 

Monds.&Thurv 

days, 6 p.m. 
Daily, 8 p.m. 

Sats., midnight 

Every 4th Sun., 
8 a.m. 

Alt. Sats., 3 p^m. 

fromi4ihFeb. 
Alt. Tuesdays, 

3 a.nL 
Alt. Sundays, 8 

S.m. 
I and 36th, 
6 p.m. 
ixth and 36th, 

6 p.m. 
Weekly 



••• «•• 



Callao 



••• ••• 



Mon. & Thurs., 

IX a.m. 
Tuesdays and 

Wednesdays 
Mon. & Thurs., 

6 p.m. 
3rd, xTth, and 

3ISt 

Alternate Satur- 
days, a p.m. 
Fridays 

Altenate Fri- 
days 

Weekly during 
the season 

Fridays 

Alternate Fri- 

danrs 
Weekly, during 

theseaicm 
Wednesdays & 

Sunds.,8a.m. 
2oth and 4th, 3 

p.m.;zxthana 

96ch, 6 p.m. 



Intermc 
Fbcl 



Vid^vixk 



Alexandi 

Suez 
Suez Cai 



Alejomdi 
Soes 



ViAAJ^ 



Calcutta 
see) 



* Connection at Aspinwall (which see) with the following £ 



and American wmt^ 



Uowioff European and American steam luwt ^ 
The North Goman Lloyd*S| SoothampCon ... 
The Royal Mail Steam Placket 06. ,, 
West India and Puafic Stenm Ship Co., ISa 
Pacific Mail Steam Shh> C6., New Yoric » 
Compagnie CiaAa3» TVanwirlMtfitBe. St. 1 



^^^^^^^^^^9 


Our Ocean Highways. cxixm 


[ LINES. 


»«crinE 


D..„.rs^« 


^* 


DaloofBeparain 


AsuBil 


m Lin<. 




"Onc 


Hom«.«i 


P™rfD«dn.u.a. 


;.™=-s ... 





<'i 






Uoyd'i 


rriibr. 1 p.™. 




Tucid>ys, a a.m. 









.^s« 


WedD«il.yW»S»lur- 


Ja.* data. 


.»dOri«Ll>l 


Alt. SbiuUji 

E™, ,ih Sunday... 




Evety 98 din ... 


DtlnicgcReld&Cg. 


uimdOMiiuJ 
N.v. Co. 


AlL Sundayi, B p.m. 


£65 


All. Tkindiiyi. I 


jMn«Wtir„cilrKl. 




: : : 


fSO 


==d or rd. a .sih. 

i3'^aDd'iSIh.4p.n. 
W«kl,.. 


i.r,. 


cia Muilimu 


s.,.l,,,,.„» 


H' 


TunliyandFn'dir 
Thundayl, S p.m. 


Mahiei> Flint, 14, Rue 


: : :: 




11, »1« 


a.r^dM'iS"'"'^ 


John Bryc 
Bullock tins, and Co. 


Indu Slum 






ElhMdwod 

Fridays J p.ra. ... 


H. Hnlnuna. 






it 4 

£1 1 


day. 


iI«,d^on Broths. 


„ 





y:4 


Friday. 


U, C. KelnhudL 







in 


da,^ 


Roiinkildc Brolhcn. 
H, ArnovaaL 







»7i 


1,1)1 and' isith, j' 


J. Dondo. 




CXXXIV 



Out Ocean Highways. 



OUR 



Forts of Destination 
andCaU. 



COBIJA 



COCHIN 

^1 ••• ••• ••• 

COCONADA 



*» 



••• ••• 



^^JXs\^>J ••• ••• ••• 

COLOMBO 



*» 



CONSTANTI- 
NOPLE 



»» 



^y ••• ••• ••• 



•• ••• ••• 



•• • ••• 



99 



9» 



>» 



>» 



•• • ••• 



••• ••• 



• • ■ •• 



• • ••• 



COPENHAGEN 



>> 



It 



»• ••• 



• • a • •• 



»l ••• •• 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Pacific Steam Navif;ation Co. 



British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navindon Co. 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Ca ^ 

Messageries Maiitimes... ... 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 



ff 



n 



f> 



»f 



>» 



>t 



J. Bibby, Sons, and Co. 

Liverpool and the East Steam 

Ship Co. 
Marseillaise Steam Na^ga- 

tion Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 



Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Smith, Sundius, and Co., 

17, Gracechiundi-street.E.C. 
Bailey & Leetham's Steamers 



R. Steenberg, Swan, and Co. 

Sweden and Denmark Steam 
Ship Co. 

Tyne Steam Ship Ca, Li- 
mited 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Liverpool 

Bombay ... , 
Southampton , 
Madras ... . 
Southampton 
Marseilles 
Bombay ... . 
Southampton . 
Alexandria 



Date of 
Sailing. 



... ... 



Trieste ••• ■.. 
Odessa 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 

., •.• ••• 

Odessa 

London 

x*uu ... ••• •«. 

London 

Newcastle 

London, Mill- 
wall Docks 
Newcastle ... 



Z3th and 39th... 

X4th and 38th... 

Saturdays,3p.m. 

Z4th and 38th... 

Alternate Satur- 
days, 3 p.m. 
Tuesdays 

X4th and sSth... 

Saturds., 3 p.m. 

Alternate Fri- 
days, II a.m. 



Alternate Tues- 
days, 4 p.m. 
Satunlays,3 p.m. 

Mondays, 6p.m. 



xSth. 

Every 10 days 

ist, nth, and 
3ist. 8 a.in. 

Saturd., 5p.in., 
viA Syra, or 
viif Piraeus al- 
ternate weeks 

Saturds., 4 p.ni. 

Fortnightly ... 

(about) 
Weekly 

Every xo days. 

Monthly 

Every Thund. 
in Summer, 
alt. Thunda. 
ia Winter 



Ii 



VL 



Ca 
Bo 



Al< 

\ 
All 

Al( 

] 

Be 

Sm 

Sm 

Coi 

IS 



Ma 



Mc 



Our Ocean Highways. 



TZ 


DalaoTSulmg 

fram 

InlemcdBte Pons. 


Through 
Fans. 


Mome-a.d. 


AgB.I>a. 









• 


,.o.».^. 


mStc^Si- 


14th and 36th 


£7 

£i^ 


S-h-^'J"! 


Hall, S,m. and Co. 


BMaridms 





£'1 


WcdneidiiyJ.il p.nL 


W. Trinket, 
Alnaoi, ScoU and Qo. 


,USl=mNa- 
Joyj'i ... 


Altenuu Mondayi, 


gSfln. 


AJ icmaleThumlayi, 


Rio Tercniio. 


M-i-i 


sJi'^d"y, ip.ni. ... 


SBfln. 




.. 




Wcrlnc^ur. 6 LID. 


46fla. 
300 fra. 


Salutdjy, ica-m,,.. 


M. Vucono. 


"«--"" 


T.«d.>.,,...... 


ii6 


Wcd.=^....4p.n,. 


LudcpRswI. 






,3rU. 


T...J„„,^=.... 


Banra Suim. 








iis 














w«iJr 


The UnluH R'eiRi Shi|> 
Co.. Copcnhjgf 11. 







^3 3 




C. K. Hituco. 






jC' 


Ever>- Friday En 
FrSryTliiWiSI^ 





y^ 




CXXXVl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



•COQUIMBO ... 



• » • • • • 



CORFU ... 



CORINGA .. 
CORONEL .. 
CORRAL 
CORUNNA .. 

»» 

COTRONE .. 

CULERRAS .. 

CURACAO .. 



CYPRUS... 
(LARNACA) 



DACCA ... 
DAKAR ... 
DANTZIG 
DARDANELLES 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



>* 



*i 



Austrian Lloyd's 



••t ••• 



J. Bibby, Sons, and Co.'s 

Steam Ships 
Bums and Maclver's Steam 

Ships 
Steam Line in abeyance. 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Spanish Screw Steamers 

Italian Mail Packet Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Coropagnie G^ndrale Trans 
atuntique 



iropagni 
atuntiq 
Royal Mail Steam Ship Co. 



West India and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
Austrian Lloyd's 



ff 



••• ••• ••• 



tf 



India General Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 

Wilson & Ca 's Steamers 

Austrian Lloyd's 



•at •• 



ft 



»* 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Callao . 
Liverpool 

Trieste . 
Liverpool 



• ••• 



I* •• t 



Valparaiso 



If 



t* 



Date of 
Sailing. 



London 

Liverpool 

Genoa 

Callao 

St. Nazaire ... 
Southampton... 
Liverpool 
Trieste ... ... 

Constantin(^le 

Calcutta 

B<m!eaux 

fXUII... ••• •.• 

Trieste ... ... 

Constantinople 



2oth and a4th, 
3 p.m., xzth 
&36th, 6p.m, 

13 and 29th ... 



Tuesdays and 

Saturdays 
Fortnightly. 

Once a month. 



ist, 8th, x6th, & 
S4th. zoam. 

xst and x6th» 
10 a.m. 

3 times a month 



yfwkly ... ... 

xoth and 95th, 

6 p.m. 
otn ... ... •■. 

and and X7th ... 

5th or aoth ... 

Sats., mid-day 

Alt. Thursdays^ 

4 p.m. 
Kooshtee... ... 

34th, at XX a.m. 

Fortnightly. 

Satardays,ap.m. 

AltemateThun- 
days & Satur- 
days, 4 p. m. 



Intermediate 

arOKVL 



ViA Bordeam; 
Lisbon, Bi» 
zils,&VaIp 
nuso, (whid 
see) 



Naples ... M 



St Thomas 



Alexraadria 



Lisbon ... •« 

oyR... ••• ••• 

Gal^Wli... mm 



* Connection at Aspinwall (which see) with the following Steam Lines : — 

llie North German Lloyd's, SouthampCfOn ... -• 
The Royal Mail Steam Fiftckct Ca, ,, ... »•, 

The Wett India and Pacific Steam Ship C&, Liverpool 
Pacific Mail .Steam Shm Ca, New Yortc 
Coropagnie G^ntfrale Tnumtfatttaquc^ St. Nasaire «- 



^^^^^^■^1 


Our Ocean Highways. cxxxvi 


LINES. 


■b.g 


DimnfS^linS 


Threugl. 
One 


Ditn Dr Dciwliire 


Agcnuu 


Line. 


.[-itcrmcduic Pdtu. 


Homeward. 









»^ 


4thiuHl.S<h.4p.n... 

.Hh Ud l6th, 

£p.m. 
TwiH.Dnmlh ... 


Hbs1iO»«™«. 






Sjlbu 


^■^•■SiJlS?' 


U. U. BdkmdL 


. ... 







9lh«.d»th.,i>.m. 


H. SchMckt. 







l^ 





Vind. dc P.nU»«Hij<: 
& Don Fable Vikmi. 






$., 


3nl<.r,lh«.ds«h. 
6 p.m. 


""-"*'- 


d Son,' 


•sihMdjtd 


lit 
I" 




J, »d H- Jon.s. 


'l ■'' 


All. Friaay>,.,i.n. 


.:; 


AlltmaW Wtdncs- 

.te,;?.-....,. 


J. PisMlinL 


Marilinit' 


rSih, S i.n.. 
AIltmilcThundayi. 


in 


'3ni.6»,ti. 

AlitrmW Sunday!. 

Ajii^K Wtdo«- 





r 




CXXXVlll 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCi 



Ports of Destination 
and Call 



DARDANELLES 



l» 



99 



■ • ••• 



■• ••• ••• 



•• • • • • 



DAR-EL-BEIDA 
DE^ERARA ... 



• • • • • 



DJIJELLI 

DOMINICA 

DRONTHEIM ... 

■y ••• ••• •■• 

DUNKIRK 

DURAZZO 

EAST LONDON... 

If ••• ■•• ••• 

£#1^JD/& ••• ••• ••• 

(PORTO FER- 
RAJO) 
ELSINEUR 

ESMERALDAS ... 

EUPATORIA ... 

FERNANDO-PO... 

FIUME 

FLENSBURG ... 

FOOCHOW 

FORT D E 

FRANCE (MAR- 
TINIQUE) 

O AirfiA X ^ •■• 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Austrian Lloyd's 

Messa£;eries Maritimes 

Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Morocco Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 

Comps^ie G^^rale Transat- 

lantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Allan Bros. , 

Wilson and Co's Steamers ... 

Brownlow, Lumsden, and 

Ca, Hull. 
Dunkirk Steam Packet Co. 



Austrian Lloyd's 



• • • •• 



Cape and Natal Steam Navi- 

g[ation Co. 
Umon Steam Ship Co 

Rubattino and Co's Steamers. 



Danish Mail Packet Co. ... 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
African Steam Ship Co. 



••• ••• 



Austrian Lloyd's ., 
Royal Danish S. S. Co. 

Hong-kong Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 
atlantique. 



Austrian Lloyd's 



• •« M* ••• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Alexandria ... 



Marseilles 



• a •• • 



Odessa 

Marseilles 



• •• •• 



St. Nazaire ... 
Southampton... 
Marseilles 
Southampton ... 
Shields 
HuU... 



• •• •• 



»9 



• • ••• 



London, Cham* 

berhdn's Whf. 

Trieste 



.. .«• 



London 

Southampton ... 
Leghorn 

Copenhagen ... 

Callao 

Odessa 

Liverpool 
xneste ••• ... 
Copenhagen ... 
Hong-kong ... 
St. Naxaire ... 

Constantinople 



Dates of 

Sailing. 



Alt. Tuesdays, 4 
p.m.; alt. Fri- 
days, xz a.m. 

Saturdays, 5 
p.m. 

XSt,Zlth,&3ISt, 

8 a.m. 

Fortnightly, Sa- 
turdays 

Weekly 

Tuesdays 

8th 

and and ZTth ... 

Tuesdays 

and and 17th ... 

Fortnightly ... 

Alt. Thursdays 

About every Sa- 
turday. 
Twice a week... 

Thursdays and 



7th 



lursaavs a 
Satiu^ys 



• « • • « 



asth ... 



a • • ■• 



Wednes.,8a.m.; 

Sundays, zo 

a.m. 
Daily 



*. •■• 



zoch, 6 p>m. ... 

Mondays and 

Thursdays 
xst and 94th ... 

Mondays & Fri- 
days, zoa.m. 
Thrice weekly 



l^CI* ••• ••• ■•• 



Siuurdays,4p.m. 
(summer only) 



Intennc 
Port 



Sm 



lyma 
Beyn 



eyroi 



Constant 



Algiers 



Algiers 



Dartmou 
Madeira 



Our Ocean Iliglmays. 



ncCtoa 


■ Diiti ot Sailbis 


Through 

Fam. 


D.U.=fD^™„ 


Agti.lt i. 


mUnt 




Mamewird. 


PofHaf DudRiIion, 







... 


AItm.l= Fcidiy.. 










LH'3. 


Tliundjiy. 


T«T<«<».g. 








joofn. 





D, H- G(o.gHd. 


IwnNav^i- 


«™.. Ma- 


31 1. sot 


WttUy. 


L. Fonron. 


B MiriOma 





...oofil. 


Fridays 


M. Don. 







£30 


SA-d'a-^ 


G. Liiilc £ Co. 


« Msrilimn 




... 


Thunday. 


J«„. 






£3» 


iJthanda7lh 


Cir.a»ay :.m) S^M, 









Fmnighrty, ^iA 
A,M&,y. 




' 


: : : 


IS*. 


Weekly 

T»k» 1 w«k. 
Tucvliyl and Sun- 


C IlounJ-.n .ind 1,.,, 

n. TodMcii;iii. 


on Co. 






Mmd-r & Thur,- 
iiyj. 


o.,.w... 








Djily. 


, s[,|,u„e, 






£*S 1° 6 


Monday. & Thuis 

dayi 
=!!"' 


>1. Fonunato. 

;uh„ H..i>. 


"■■■ 


: : ,.; 


.£9 


SSs'"" 


George dcUluuer. 








43 (ii.- 


rriJay., Si.r-, ,.. 


V. Mar;«)v«lL 




cxl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCI 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



GALATZ ... 



GALLI POLI 
(ITALY) 



CALLl POLI 
(TURKEY) 



GENOA 



• • • • • 



GIBRALTAR 



• • ••• 



GIGLK) 

GIRGtNTI 

GOA 

GOMHROON 

(BUNDLR AB- 
BAS) 

•t ■■• ••• ••• 

GOTTEN BURG... 



Ocean Steam lines. 



Messageries Maritimes 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
P. Danovaro and Co 

Marseillaise Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Austrian Lloyd's 



''Anchor" Line ... 

Bibby & Sons Screw Steamers 

Bums and Mac Iver's Steam 

Ships 
Blue Cross Line 

Marseillaise Steam Navigation 
Co. 

J. and V. Florio and Co. 
"Anchor" Line 

Bum's and Mac Iver's Steam 

Ships 
Bibby, Sons, & Co.'s, Steam 

Ships 
Peninsular Line, M. C. Gro- 

SOS, Havre 
Peninsular & Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 

Ryde & Co.'s Mediterranean 

Steam Line 
Spanish Screw Steamers, R. 

MacAndrews and Co. 
" Moss" Line of Steamers ... 

J. and V. Florio and C^. 



British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 
British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
"Anchor" Line 



Ports of 
Departure. 



• • •• • 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



••• ••• ••• 



Marseilles 

Odessa 

Crenoa 

Marseilles 

Alexandria 

Constantinople 

Glasgow 

Liverpool 

Newcastle 
Marseilles 

Palermo ... 

• •• •• 

Liverpool 

,, ... 

Havre 

Southampton ... 

Marseilles 

London 

Ixindon 

Liverpool 

/» 

Leghorn. 

Palermo 

Bombay 



Southampton.. 

Edinburgh 
(Granton) 



Intennt 
Per 



Saturdays, 5 p.m. 

Mondays 

Wednesdays, 4 
p.m. 

ISt, 71th, 2ISt, 

8 a.m. 

Alternate Fri- 
days, IX a.m. 

Alt. Thursda>'s 
& Saturdays, 
4 P.m. 

Weekly 

Weekly. 

Every 3 weeks 

Fortnightly. 

Wednesdays & 
Sundays, 8a.m. 
Mondays& Fri- 
days, 8 p.m. 
Fridajrs, 4 p.m. 

Weekly 

Every 10 days 

Weekly. 

Every xo days 

Saturdays, a p.m. 

Altera ate Weds., 

from 3rd Ma V 

Twice a month. 



Constanl 

ViA Sot 
Toulu 



Beyrout 
Smyrna 



Leghorn 



About every xo 

daj's 
Saturdays 



Saturdays, 8 a.m. 
Fridays, 4 p.m. 
6th and 20th ... 

Saturdays,2p.m. 

Weekly (durios 
the season) 



Oran... 



KurrmdM 



Alexand., 
and Bo 



Our 0:fan Htghxayi. 



Ait. Sabird*..] p^m- 



DUH at Dtpvni" 
HofDCTnrd, 



li, Sutdna. I B m. 



Ti*e*<Iays 9 P "1 






D™J«.R>,g.™i. 



Kendenon Biathcn. 




cxlii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



GOTTENBURG ... 



GRAND CANARY 
GRANVILLE ... 
GRENADA 

jt «•• ••■ ••• 

GREY TOWN ... 
GUADELOUPE ... 

99 ••• •■• •■• 

•GUAYAQUIL ... 



GUAYMAS 
HALIFAX 

>» ••• 

HAMBURG 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Sweden and Denmark Steam 

Ship Co. 
E. Story's "Victoria" Steam 

Ship 
West Hartlepool Steam Na- 
vigation Co. 
Messrs. Thomas Wilson and 

Co's. .Steamers 
African Steam Ship Co. 

London and South-Westem 

Railway Co's. Steamers 
Com^gnie G^n^rale Transat- 

lantimie 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Royal Mail Steam Packet 

Co. 
Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atlantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



North Pacific Transportation 
Co. 
** Anchor" Line 

The Liverpool, New York, 
and Philadelphia S. S. Co. 
(Inman Line) 

Brownlow, Lumsden, and Ca 

General Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Hambur;^, Harburg,^ and 
Dunkirk Steam Ship Co. 
(Lofthouse, Glover & Co.) 

Hambuiv and London S. 

Ship Co. 
Tyne Steam Ship Co. Limited 



Poruof 
Departure. 



London, Mill- 
wall Docks 
Newcastle 

West Hartle- 
pool 
Hull 



a • « • • 



• « • • ■ • 



Liverpool 

Jersey 

St. Naxaire ... 

Southampton ... 



>* 



•» ■ •• • 



St. Nazaire ... 
Southampt on ... 
Liverpool 

Callao 

San Francisco 

Glasgow 

Liverpool 



Hull... 



■ • •• • 



London 

St. Katherine's 

Wharf 
xlull 



London ... 
Newcastle 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Fridays 

Weekly. 

Weekly during 

the season 
Saturdays,6 a. m. 

30^** *** *** *•< 

Wednesdays and 
Sats., Tidal 

om ••• «•• ••• 

2nd and 17th ... 

J ^\\\ ••• ••» ••■ 
will ••• ••• ••• 

2nd and xjth ... 
Z3th and 29th... 

xoth and 35th... 
Every 20 days. 
Once a month... 
Saturdays 

Tuesdays 

Wednesdays & 
Saturdays, 
Tidal 

Tuesday, Wed- 
nesday, Fri- 
day, & Sa^tur- 
day evenings 

Friday mornings 

Tuesdays and 
Fridays 



Intenne 
Ports 



ViA Bon 
Lisbon 
ril, an 
paraiso 



Queensto 



* Connection at Aspinwall (which see) with the following European and American Steam \iaek 

Compagnie G^n6rale Transatlantique, St. Ni 
The North German Lloyd's, Soutiuunpcon , 
The Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. ^, « 
West India and Fadfic Steam Co., Liverpool 
Th9 Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co., New Yoclt 



Our Ocean Highways. 



tixe. 


D.l«DrSali(« 


Though 
Petuo. 


HontwMd. 


Ag«,o« 







ijMfi 




A.LcfflecudCo. 





_ 




Weekly durins Ibe 


AdsuiI Cirlun and Co. 


,. ... 





£ii 




J. w. wa™. 


:: 







6 houn in« airirnl 

Mondavi ft Thuii- 

dajr..Tidid 


H. WetbettU. 

M. JOMUlU 





_. 


£v> 


nibuidis'h- ... 


H, B. Bedtwilh. 







£ii 
961 fr*. 


i6lh 


CLalaltcetOc 







Lv 


.»huul>,lh ., 


Kimua lad Media. 








J.OD 


3.dMjiBth 


.. 







C'i'i 


Onctamomii. 




p. Slom 


Sundiyi 


£, .0 





J. and R. B. Seeton. 
Pemon and Langqeie. 







£' 


tiiidiyi. Tidal ... 


W. Poit, u. Schunhor. 






£• .= 










£' 


Weekly. 









£' 


i^y^ 









cxlii 



Our Ocean Htghu*ays. 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



COTTENIiUR(; ... 



(Jcean Steam Lines. 



Port* of 
Departure. 



GRAND CANARY 
GRANVILLE 
GRENADA 

^f ••• ••• ■■> 

GREV TOWN ... 
GUADELOUPE ... 

99 ••■ ••• ••• 

•GUAYAQUIL ... 



GUAVMA.S .. 
HALIFAX . 

HAMBURC; .. 



Sweden and Denmark Steam 

Ship Co. 
E. Story's "Victoria" Steam 

Ship 
West Hartlepool Steam Na- 
vigation Co. 
Mewnc l*homaft Wilson and 

Co's. .Steamers 
African Steam Ship Co. 

Ix»ndon and South-Westem 

Railway Co's. Steamers 
Compagnie G^ndrale Transat- 

lantiqiie 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Ca 

Royal Mail Steam Packet 

Co. 
Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atlantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



North Pacific Transportation 
Co. 
*' Anchor " Line 

The IJverpooI, New York, 
and Philadelphia S. S. Co. 
(Inman line) 

Drownlow, Lumsden, and Co. 

(fcnenil Steam Navigation 

Co. 

! 

, Hamburg. Harburg. and 
Dunkirk .Steam Ship Co. 
(Lofthou.se, (ilover & Co.) 

Hamburg and Tendon S. 

Ship Co. 
Tyne Steam Ship Co. Limitetl 



London, Mill- 
wall Docks 
Newcastle 

West Hartle- 
pool 
Hull 

Uverpool 

St. Nazaire ... 
Southampton... 

IP ■• • • • • 

St. Nazaire ... 
Southampt on .. 
Liverpoc*! 

Callao 

San Francisco 

Glasgow 

Liverpool 

Hull 

I.i>ndon 

St. Katheriite's 
Wharf 

Hull 

I<ondon 

Newcastle 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Fridays 

Weekly. 

Weekly during 

the season 
SatunUys,6xm. 

^kmpU ■•• ••• ••• 

Wednesdays ami 
Sats.. Tidal 

OKil ••• ••• •■• 

2iid and 17th ... 

1 7(li ••• ••• ••• 

Oill ••■ ••• ••• 

and and 17th ... 
13th and a9Ui... 

loth and asth,.. 
Every ao days. 
Once a month... 
Saturdays 

Tuesday* 

Wednesdays ft 
Saturdays. 
Tidal 

Tuesday, Wed< 
neiidav. Fri- 
day, « Satur- 
day evenings 

Friday mornings 

Tuesdays and 
Fridays 



L 



ud Vd. 



* CoimectiLui ai A^pin«all (which see) m 



ith the following European and American 5teBaa Xanm : — 

Compagnie Generate Transatlantique, Si. Naaire ... 
The North C^ennan IJoycTs. Souchamploa ••• .^ 
lite Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. .. ^ •« 

West India and Pacific Sicnm Co., Lircnool 
The Pacific MaU Steam Ship Ca. Ntw York 




Our Ocean Highways. 



czU 



WnUM LINB8. 



1 


fliMlIiM. 


Iron 
IntaraMdkt* Potti. 


ucOms, 
One 

VwnotL 


DalMofpapMtiira 

IIOBMWMQ. 


AfcBiaiC 
Fortiof DiitlMtliia 


1 


••« ••• •#• •»• 




;C3i4 6 


•«• •«• ••• 


A. LaAtr and Gou 


i 


••« ••• ••• ••• 


••• ••• ••• 


••• 


WMkly dnriiv Um 


Aagoit Cariaoaaad Go 


w 


••• — ••« ••• 


••• •■• ••• 


£3 2 


Fii^ aft«m» 


J. W. WaaoB. • 


'■t 
1 

5^ -i 


— — •#• ••• 

•m* —* ••• •«« 

••« ••• ••• •*• 


••• ••• ■•• 

••• ••• ••• 

••• ••• ■■• 


£90106 


boon moHt MliVM 

MoodsyB h. Tlm*- 
dayt,Tkkl 


ILWetharalL 
M.Joaaalt. 




•*• ••• «.• ••• 


••• ••■ ••• 


£y^ 


loCh and ^^SBu^ ».. 


H. B. BcckwitlL 




••• **• •-• ••• 


••• »•• ••« 


£ys 


10(11 ••• •*• ••• »•• 


J. C Hotteobedc 




••• ••• •«• ••• 


••• ••• ••• 


96s fin. 


••• ••« ••• 


CUballeetCie. 


«^ 


•*« ••• »•• ••• 


••« ••• ••• 


£y» 


nth mod 97th 






•*« •*• ••• ••• 


••• ••• ••• 


• •• 


Twioaanonth .^ 


HaimanaBdMadiM. 




•«« ••• ••• ••« 


••• ••• ••• 


fioo 


3rd and aSlh 


•• t* 




«»• •«» ••• ••• 


••• ••• ••• 


Cn 13 


Oncea mootb. 






L. v. Y. and P. ScMm 
SM^Cow 


SiiiKUiyi ••• ... M* 


£n »5 


••• ••• ••• 


J. and R. B. Saatoa. 




•Ml ••• ••• ••• 


•** ••• ••• 


£t to 


•»• ••• ••• 


PaanoQ and LaafMaa 




•■• ••• ••« ••• 


.•• ••• ••• 


Z> 


Wadnatdays and Sa- 
turday!, Tidal ... 


W. Pott. IS, SchaaitlM 




■M ••• ••• ••• 


••• ••• •«• 


£t so 








— ••• •«• ••• 


•«• ••• ••• 


£^ 


Weakly. 









••• M« ••■ 


£x 


ToaMlayi and Fri- 
days. 





••• M. 

..• ••• 



Thfovgh fares, 



I* 






' iM xo o 
60 I 3 
43 o o 



cxliv 



Our Ocean Highways, 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



HAMBURG ... 
HAVANNAH 



HAVRE 



HELSINGBORG 
HELSINGFORS.. 



»» •• 



HOBART TOWN 

HODEIDA 

HOKITIKA 

HONG-KONG .. 



9% 



»•• ••• 



» • • ••• 



91 ••• ••• •< 



99 



#1 



••• ••• t» 



• • • • • •< 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



West Hartlepool Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 

Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atlantique 
North German Lloyd's 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

General Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Bums and Maclver*s Steam 

Ships 
Hamburg-American. 

London and South Western 
Railway Co.'s Steamers 

Royal Danish Steam Ship Co. 

Bailey & Leetham's Steamers 

Stockholm and St Petersburg 

Line of Steamers 
Willis, Lloyd, and Co., Sydney 

Medjidieh Steam Na^gation 
Co. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



• •• •• 



" Anchor "Lbc 



• • ••• 



Austrian Lloyd's Steam Na- 
vigation Co. 

China Steam Ship Co., vi& 
Suez Canal 

Cunard Line 



General Transatlantic 



Guion Line ... 



West Hartle- 
pool 

St. Nazaire ... 

Southampton ... 



London 

(StKatherine's 
WharO 
Liverpool 



Southampton ... 

Copenhagen ... 

Hull 

Stockholm 
Sydney 

wUCZ ••• ••• ••• 

Melbourne ... 
Glasgow 

,, ... ... 

incstc ••• ... 

Liverpool 

Liverpool 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Wednesdays & 
Saturaays, 
Tidal 

14th 



• • • • 



Southampton... 



»i ••• 



Liverpool 



Once a month 

2I1U ••• ••• ■•• 

Thursds., Tidal 



Wednesdays & 
Saturdays 



Mcmdays, Wed- 
nesdays, and 
Fridays, night 

Twice daily ... 

Every 10 days 

Saturday eve- 
ning. 
Weekly 

••• ••• 

Fortnightly ... 
Saturdays 



>•• ••• 



Saturdays, xa 
p.m. 

Fortnightly ... 
(about) 

Tuesdays & Sa- 
turdays 



tt ••• •>• 



Fortnightly ... 



%t 



Wednesdays ... 



Intermediate 
Pons. 



Jedda. 
Sydney. 

New Yodc,At- 

pinwalV 

nama, 

Sanl^i 
New Yoik aad 

SanFrmdsoo 
Alexandria and 

and Sues 



New Yoilc, As- 
pinwall, Bi^ 
nama, Saa 
Frsndsoo 

New York awl 
SanFtandsoo 

NewYofk, As- 
pinwall, Pa- 



Frandsoo 
New YorkaMi 

San Fcaadsoo 
NewYoik, As- 

pinwall, '^ 



^B^^^H^^^I 


Our Ocean Highax^s. vxX\ 


-INES. 


.n£ 


InKtmedbiw Pom. 




DalM of DrpBrture 


A»tnU« 







... 


i!»vs.Tid»l 


GUfckcxndHexninci. 


. .. 





..™fri. 






, ~. 





£»7 


Once 1 iFlOnLh ... 


H. UpfBiim&Co. 







y:^. 


SuuJjy.. TuW ... 


J, V. Cnwtatd, 

H.B.M.V.C 

A-Schmidl. 


- 







Tuodayt & FriiUyi 




- 





y;. J 


Mwidiyt, Wedn»- 
Twicc d-uly. 











W«kly, 


Htmann Donner. 


=imShip 


.«.,frDm S«i Fn.n. 


/99 3 




T. A-Hanii. 


ificRv. 





£." , 





,. 


n™n«i 


Alitnuii- Sundays 




F«.«iB>,dy. """ 


W. rusUnandCo- 


«nSliip 


•''iilir^^'"^'"- 


Z.o7'= 





T.A.Horri^. 


^ilkRy, 




£.o8.. 







lUl SIlip 




Z>i]>« 




.. 


:ili.:Ry 


.. ,. 


;C.Mio 




., 


imShlp 




£««To 









cxlvi 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



HONG-KONG 



99 



f ••• ••• 



» •• 



• ■• • • 



• • • • • • 



■ • •• • 



• ■ • •• 



HONOLULU 
(SANDWICH 
ISLES) 



••• ••# 



••• ••■ 



f t ••• ■• > 
il ••• ••• 

HUACHO 
HUANCHACC) 
HUASCO ... 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Guion IJne 
Inman Line 



* t •• • 



•• ••• ••• ••• 



National Line 



North German Llo)*d's 



Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



JJverpooI 



tf •.• 



Southampton 



•» ••• 



■ 9 ••• 



West Indb and Pacific Steam . Liverpool 

.Ship Co. 
White Star Une 



Messageries Maritimes... 



Pacific Mail Steam Ship Ca 

Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



Hongkong & Manilla Steam 
.Ship Co. (\ci abeyance) 

Califomian, New Zealand, & 
Australian Steam Ship Co. 
(H. H. HalI.nian.,Auckland) 



North Pacific Transportation 

Co. * 

United States, New Zealand, 

and Au>tralian S. Ship Co. 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



»» ••• 
Mandlles... 



San Francisco 
Southampton ... 
Brindtsi ..• ••• 

Maiulla 

Auckland 

San Francisco 

•> *t 
Auckland 
San Francisco 
Callao 



I »f 



• • • •• • 



•• ■ •■* 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Wednesdays ... 
Thursdays ... 



•• >•• 



Wednesdays ... 



• • ••• 



Tuesdays 



... ••• 



and and 17th ... 

5th and 90th ... 
Thursdays ... 



»» 



••• ... 



Every 4th Sun- 
day from 14th 
of May 

iU ••• ••« ••• 

Alternate Satur- 
days, a pum. 

Alternate Tnet- 
dairs, a a.m. 

Monthly 

Monthly 



»* n 

Every 4 weda 
Monthly 



I* 



!• 



3rd, zo<h, zTth, 
& 35th, 6 p.m. 



»t 



»• 



nth, 6p.iB. ... 



Intermediate 
Ports. 



New York, and 
SanFrancuoo 

New York, Ar 
pinwall, Pk- 
nama, Saa 
Franciscx> 

New York and 
SanFranciico 

New York, Aa- 
pinwall, ^• 
nama, ft Snn 
Frandioo 

New York nad 
SanFnmcbco 

New York. As- 
pinwall. IV 
nama, « Snn 



New York and 
SanFnuwiMO 

New York, As- 
pinwrnU, Pa- 
nama, 



»» 



NewYocb 

SanFi 
Sua Canal 



Yokohama 
AJcxandna 



■» 



Our Ocean Ilighvjays. 



:: 


Daio of Sailing 


Thmugh 


DUaotDepunu. 


Agn.l»M 




iisco 


^.048 


... „ ... 


T. A. HutU. 


^mScRy. 


.. ,. 


i.os >o 





,. 


™™ship 




ii=.S 







■.dficRy, 




i.« 6 





.. 


.«mShip 




^>30 





.. 


t«mShip 


.. .. 


i.OJ.O 





.. 


tamShip 




-C'">5 




,. 


loniShip 




£1043 







■.ndficRj. 


.. 


£'05 .0 







■tariumn 
HunShip 


From Suet, enn 
4ih Sacurday 

About ^.n 




Every 4.h Friday... 


C. Brrt,.i.d. 
T. A. Mirris. 




AllcmaH: Sunday,, 


lis 


AllcnijreTutsdaji, 
Monlhly- 


A Mcl'cr. 

" 








MonlMy 


Co.. AucUind. 




"'. '". z 


Ewls 


4th«5lh.„th,.,st, 


P. J. L« Mm. 
J. C. N««gi 

J<AbH.Ows. , 



r 




cxlviii 



Our Oceafi Highways. 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



IBRAILA 

It 

ILO 

INEBOLI 

>» 

i» ••• 
♦ IQUIQUE 



tISLAY 



ISMAIL 
J ACM EL 
JAFFA 



>t 



JALTA 



(^cean Steam Lines. 



Austrian Lloyd's 

Messageries Maritimes 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co 

Austrian Lloyd's 

Messageries Maritimes 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



>> 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 

gation Co. 
Royai Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Ship 
Co. 



It 



>» 



Messageries Maritimes 



>« 



Rassian Steam Navigation 
Co. 



ff 



Constantinople 
Marseilles 

Callao 

Trieste 
Marseilles 
Odessa 
Liverpool 



• • •• • 



• • • •• 



• • • • 



Callao . 
Liverpool 



Callao 

Marseilles 
Southampton ... 
jTnestc 

Alexandria ... 
Constantinople 
Marseilles 
Alexandra 
Odessa 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Saturdays, 4 p.m. 

Saturdays,5 p.m. 

nth and a6th^ 6 

p.m. 
Saturdays, a p. m. 

Saturdays, 5 p. m. 

Saturdays, 4 p. m. 

13th and 29th... 



nth and a6th, 6 

p.m. 
13th and apth... 



nth and a6th. 



and and zjih .. 

Saturdays, mid- 
night 

Alt. Fridays ... 

Alt. Thursdays, 

4p.ra. 
Saturdays 

Once a week ... 

Alternate Satur- 
days 
Thursdays ... 



Intermediate 
Ports. 



In summer only 
Constantino|de 

Constantinople 



•» 



f» 



Bordeaux, Lis 
bon, BraiD, 
& Valpaiaiw 
(which see) 



Bordeaux, Lit* 
bon. Bnuii, 
& Valparaiso 
(whidi see) 



Alexandria and 
Port Said 

Port Said -. 

Soavrna audi 

Beynrat 
Alexaodna »» 

PoitSaid... «. 

Constantinople 

Eupatoria audi 
Sevastopol 



• Connection at Aspinwall (which see), with the following European and American Steam Lines :— 

Comoagnie G^drale Transatlantique, Sl Nazaiic. 
llie North German Lloyd's, Southampton ... 
The Royal Mail Steam Packet Ca» „ 
West India and Padfic Steam Ship Ca, Liverpool . 
Padfic Mail, New York . 

t Connection at Aspinwall (which sec) with the following Eurcmean and Amoican Steam Lines :— 

Comoagnie Gtfntfrale Transatlantique, Sc. Naxaiic. 
The North German Lloyd's. Southampton „. 
The Royal Mail Steam Packet Ca „ 
West India and Padfic Steam Ship Co., 
Padfic MaU Steam Ship Ca, New Yaric 



Our Ocean Highways. 



.Line. 


DMa df Sailing 


ThiDugli 


Dnla of Departure 


Agaiua. 


„ ... 







Wcdi»»br>.:iMn. 


F.Pkver. 


lUiriliinn 




£^•7 


W«ily 


Duponey. 




F™i,T,BO™ 


•.8 






ofi' 


Sunday.. Ta.m. ... 


C MuUBViml 


I Msrilinc 


... ... ... 


^.8.6 


W«ily 


Vitlo. V=l«li. 


anNjiYig.- 


SuunUy 


jflrM.- 





JUiiiOmcr. 








T>k«aiDpntli ... 


pHeiKJra. 


_ ... 





jAuIb 


TVIitamonih, 
m. jnd, ami ijlh, 


P-CibwoandCo. 


















iTjo 


,.lh and i6i),._ ... 


R- C J=«™.. 


iyl'i 


Alrundria.aft. Fri., 


>M Hi>. 


A]taniilUSal..rJays. 


.\. L^iurriia. 


MiHlinict 


FHdit,..7,,ni. 
Ontc . ■■«li. 


£'7 


Al,j^,. .s„„d=,-,, 




mNavit.,- 


A1<gtn.7le Wcdi.Ei- 


■a rl-l.. 


Alitraalc Mondny^. 


J M..lin«-,lr. 



/^ 




cl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 




Ports of 


Dates of 


Intennc 






Ocean Steam Lines. 








and Call 






Departure. 


Sailing. 


Port 


JEDDA 


• • • 


Medjidieh Steam Navigation 

Co. 
African Steam Ship Co. 


Suez. 






JELLAH-KOFFEE 


Liverpool 


94th and 3odi 


• •• 


KERASOUN... 


... 


Messagerics Maritimes 


Marseilles 


Saturdays,5p.m. 


Constant 


f> 




Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 


Odessa 


Weekly 


»» 


KERTCH ... 




»t 


Mondays and 


Eupatori 










Thursdays 


vast 
lalta. 
Theod 


KHERSON ... 




>• >» 


»» ••• ••• 


Daily, except 
Saturday 


■ •• 


Iv Ir^l^ 




Royal Danish Steam Ship 

Co. 
Bailey & Leetham's Steamers 


Copenhagen ... 


Twice a week. 




KONIGSBERG 




XTUlI 


Weekly 


•• ■ 


»» 




tt >t 


London 


>t 


• •« 


KORSOER ... 




Royal Danish Steam Ship 


^^^Iwl ■•• ••■ ••• 


Three times a 


ViA Flet 






Co. 




week 


and S 
borg 
Constant: 


KUSTENDJI 




Austrian Lloyd's 


Trieste 


Saturdays.a p. m. 


>t ••• ••• 




Messageries Maritimes 


Marseilles 


Saturdays, 5 p. m. 


•• 


KURRACHEE 




British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 


Bombay 


6th, 13th, aoth, 
and 27th 


... 


»» • 




Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 


Southampton... 


Saturdays, 2 p. ra. 


Alex., Si 
Bomhi 


KING GEORGE'S 


>» »> 


f^ ••• ••• 


Fourth Satur- 


Alexandr 


SOUND 








days, a p.m. 
Fourth 'lucs- 


Suez 


»» 




»» t* 


Brindisi 


tt 










days, 3 a.m. 




>» 




Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 


Trieste 


Saturdays, mid- 


Alexandr 






gation Co. 




night 


Suez 


»» • 




Australian Navieation Co., 
Anthony & Bartleet, Agents 


Adelaide 


••• •• • 


(to meet 












KINGSTON... 




Compagnie Gen^rale Irans- 
atlantique 


St. Nazaire ... 


Z^Lll ••• ••■ ••• 


••• 


OAMAICA) 










>» 




Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 


Southampton ... 


and and zjth ... 


• •« 


»» 




West India and Pacific Steam 
Ship Co. 


Liverpool 


5th and aoth ... 


• • • 


LA CALLE ... 




Messagerics Maritimes 


Marseilles 


Alter. Fridays, 
5p.m. 


Stora 


LAGOS (AFRICA) 


African Steam Ship Co. 


Liverpool 


lath, a4th, and 

30th 
Tuesdays and 


• •• 


LAGOS(TURKEY) 


Austrian Lloyd's 


Trieste 


Syra... 










Saturday ... 
Alternate Satur- 




19 ••• ••• 


• •• 


it •* 


Constantinople 


• •• 










days, 4p.m. 




LA GUAYRA 


• •• 


Compagnie G^ntfrale Transat- 

lantique 
North Gerp loyd's 


St. Nazaire ... 


win ... ... •«. 


• •• 


II ••• ■•• 


• • • 


Southampton ... 


loth 


Cdoa 



Our Ocean Highways. 



M LINES. 



ton. Line. 


Djteiors^irg 
fnnD 


One 


Dales ol Dtpanure 
Ho=.™«d. 


,™rL... 


gcris aiai>l>m» 

a Sttui Nan- 
Mi Co. 

M Lloyd-* 

am Njv. Co. 
™ljir fi OHtnul 

unUoyU'* .. 
LCemuli Ui.)d'' 


live,)- ,ih S.md,., 
Kur«pe.) 


£40.06 
iirfal^ 

J [t>l>.&lC. 
^3 .0 

,£.0 
,£73 

I'M 

,£« 

i,o ,0 6 


8th and Mth. 
Sundays 

Wcdnoi]..ftSnndK, 
Apr. to Oct 

Daily, eicept SaL 
W«kly 

WediicMijyi. 6»,ni, 

Tgesdi.y 

Weekly, 10 meel mail 

.01h.n1I.3rh,.. , 
.th. .tth, Slid irlh 
Every Sunday ... 

Allenale Mgndayfc 
7.1. (rW.). 


Henri Maypi. 
Kipri«l 

M. VaiiKbcnka. 

Anthony Lica. 
Senac. 

W. C. Cliflon. 

Capuin C»pt., R- \. 
M(D».ell K Baiv-lay- 

H. Di,nl.ley. 
L, iModoro. 




clii 



Our Oceaft Highways. 



OUR oci 



Ports of Destiiuition 
and Call. 



LA GUAYRA 

LALAND ... 
LA LIBERTAD 



• •• ••• 



••• ••• 



»• • •• • 



LA UNION .. 



K« • • • 



••• ••• 



• « • • • • 



LAMBAYEQUE 
(SAN JOSE) 
LANDSCRONA 

LATAKIA ... 



LEBU 



• • • ••■ 



• •• •• 



LEGHORN 



■ •• • • ■ 



• • ••• 



• « • • ■ • 



• • • •• 



LISBON 

99 ••• ••• 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

West India and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
Royal Danish Steam Ship Co. 

Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atlantique 
North German Lloyd's 

Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

West India and Pacific 

Steam Ship Co. 
Compagnie G^ntfrale Trans- 

atlantique 
North German Lloyd's 

Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

West India & Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Royal Danish Steam Ship Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

"Anchor" Line 

J. Bibby, Sons, & Co.'s Steam 

Ships 
Blue Crass Line 



••• ••• ••• 



Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 



Bums and Mac Tver's Steam 

Ships 
J. and V. Florio and Co. 



African Steam Ship Co. 

"Anchor "Line 

Bailey and Leetham 



•• •«• ••• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Southampton ... 
Liverpool 
Copenhagen ... 
St Nazaire ... 
Southampton... 
New York 
Southampton... 
Liverpool 
Sl Nazaire ... 
Southampton ... 
New Yoric 
Southampton ... 
Liverpool 

Callao 

Copenhagen ... 
Marseilles 

Odessa 

Valparaiso 

Glasgow 

Liverpool 

Newcastle 

^Marseilles 

Liverpool 
Palermo 



Dates oT 
Sailing. 



and and xjth ... 

^Ul ••• ••• ••• 

Weekly during 
season 

o»i& ••• ••• ••• 



Intaoi 
Pbr 



ScThoi 



• • ••• 



f9 



••• ••• 



Liverpool 
Glaigow 



^I,6;x«. 



••• ••• 



xoth ... 
4th and 2oth ... 
and and ZTth ... 
5th and aoth ... 

0*Q mm% ••• ••« 

XOUl ••• ••• ••. 

4th and aoth ... 
and and xjth ... 
5th and aoth ... 
3rd, ZTth, and 

Satuzdays,5p.m. 

Alternate Satur- 
days, 
zst and 16th, 

zoa.m. 
Weekly 

Weekly. 

Fortnightly. 

Wed. & Sun., 
8a.m.: Mon., 
8p.in.: FrL, 
9 a.m. 

Every 3rd week 

Fridays, 4 p.m. 
Saturdayt,8a.m. 
zath ... 
Weekly... 
Weekly ... 



••• ••• 



Aspinwa 
nania 



tt 



n 



Asmnwa 
Panan 



AIcxsukI 

Smymi 

Cozu^an) 



■^^^^^^^^^1 


Our Ocean Higfmays. cliii 


-EAM LINES, 


C««etiiv 


DaUxrfSailint 

fiHn 




D»i« of DepariDR 

llunuMitd. 


A(«it,u 


UlH 


After .fri™l of 


ij7 




Ru™. 1-H.ur, S C 




.«h«<I.J.S,- . 




8h«JH»fto-iiitinl 
Tthudimd. 


rwana R«il«>y Stnm 
Ship Co,-, Ago.. 

J. O.Si«t.irSU.. 


'»^ Ry. a SWp 


iolh»nJ;jlh 


rsSM 


% hourt »flet»tii™l 


PaniDu. Ry. S. s Co,-. 

AgH»- 

MomiMdCo. 


" 




xxolo. 




Piuuma Ry. S. S. Lo.'- 
W, ^^, H B.M. Vict 


lliiiliiiii Marilimei 




.C'j " 


wuMr ... ... ... 


Bmno Mithtl 


l-A»S««nN.v,g,. 


All. WediKidnti ... 


»35 

6c. fR. 


All. -niiindiyi ... 
,othS,!lh.6.y,i.m. 


E, Morws 
S. Cbritl 







i.J.pu 


W=dD«l.ri,"P» 


S. P^u 


: : : : 





£as 


AhDuI ijrI. 


Mucuukii and Co 











uo.-sS^ShJp'L>._ 



/ 




cliv 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



LISBON... 



••• ••• 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



LOANDA 

(ST. PAUL DE) 



LOTA 

MADEIRA 

.B ••• ••• ••■ 



J. Bibby, Sons, and Co.'s 

Steam Ships 
A. Booth and Co.'s Steamers 

Messageries Maritimes 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co., 
Peninsular Line (M. E. 
Grosos, Havre) 

Portuguese Screw Steamers, 
R. McAndrew and Co., 
Walbrook. E.G., Agents 

Royal Mail Steam Packet 

African Steam Ship Co 

"Empreza Lusitana" Steam 

Navigation Co. 
Pacific Steam Nav. Co. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Liverpool 



MADRAS 



» • • ■ • • 



• • ••• 



African Steam Ship Co. 

Ugtt« 



• •• •• 



Portuguese Screw Steamers, 
R. McAndrew & Co., Agents 



»t 



Unicm Steam Ship Co 

"Empreza Lusitana" Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 



■ • •• • 



■ • • •• 



MAHE ... 

(SEYCHELLES) 



MALACCA 



MALAGA 



• • • • •• 



• ■ •• ■ 



• • • •• • 



• • ••• 



»•• ••• ••• 



MALTA ... 



••■ ••• 



Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



Messageries Maritimes 



British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 
Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation 0>. 

Peninsular Line 

Mr. £. Grosos, Havre 
Spanish Screw Steamers 
K. McAndrew ftCo., Agents 
»» »t 

Secovia, Cuadra, & Co. 
Steam Ships 



If 
Bordeaux 

Liverpool 
Havre 

London, Mill- 
wall Dock 
Liverpool 
Southampton ... 

Liveipool 

Lisbon 

Valparaiso 

Liverpool 

London 

MUwali Dock 
Liverpool 

tf »» 

Lisbon 

Trieste 

Marsdlles 
Southampton ... 

Brindisi 

Marseilles 

Aden 

Singapore 
Southampton... 

Havre 

Lo n don 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Pwt 



Weekly. 

37th or aSth, 

monthly 
Monthly, 24th, 

zx a.m. 
i^th and 39th... 
Every zo days... 

Monthly 



9th, 3 p.m. 

Z2th. 

Monthly 

zst and z6ch, 

zo a.m. 

zath, a4th, and 

30th 
Monthly 



» 



i« 



Anchor" Line 



»* 



>•. «.. ••• 



Liverpool 
Seville . 
Maraeilles 
Glasgow ... 



«• •• 



• • • • • 



25th ... . 
Monthly 

Saturdays, za 
p.in. 

Every 4th Sun- 
day, 8 a.m. 

Alternate Satur- 
days, a p.tn. 

Alternate Tues- 
days, 3 a.m. 

Every 4th Sun- 
day, 8 a.in. 

4th Siuurday ... 

Alternate Satur* 

dajrs, 3 0.01. 
Every zo days 

3 times amonth 

Monthly 

wrcdncsdays ••• 

Thursdays ... 

Monthly ••• ••• 



Bordeaux 



Sues 

Alesandr 
Sues 



Suez Can 



SingapQi 



Our Ocain Highways. 



ITEAM LINES. 















Sicun Lint. 


tuun. 


cdiait Pom. 


mOuii. 


Datu of riepsnure 


a*™b-. 








^6 






- - 






^s 


«o ly,3oil.,.«ou 


Lorl^«clCi(. 


= ::: :: ::: 


:: 


" ~. 


£••> 




H.Jubtl. 


_ ... .-. ... 




_. .'.. 


£i 


MnmhJy 




IZ.Z.Z.'l 






S. 


•is.-fxi 


R. K^wki ud Lo. 


' ■ 










- 






t'y. 






~ .« 






»JO 


imh & J3.h, juBi. 


M.J.«ii«,n. 









i.7 .06 




Bljndy HroIhci&Lo. 








Z>« 


Montblv. 




;" ■■■ "... ".'. 






^.9 '9 




Blaildy ldra<. 








*.7 






al Scam N>v. L'u. 


AUem 
E«.y 


ltSunda>->.- 
Mb Siuidoy 


£i6 


EvBj- 41)1 Tuadiy 


ffimy&Cfl. 

E.I«i«. 


I>_i>al>r>ndiliicnbit 




£6i 
£f« 


AlWmaU StiiulHy, 


J.H.DeSall.. 




-vtty 


4lh Sunday 


£75 

£i 


K%.rj4,hThi.wljy 


t:0.,rJ Dominjwl. 


BimJi iDdu .■neaim 


una 




£ii 












£•> 





K. K. Sholi'obrina, 










FrWlJV> 


u.:.,... ■■ 


' _ 




I I 


i.= i- 





0. Golkl.«- 




clvi 



Our Ocean HtgJiways, 



OUR OCEAN 



i*orts of Destination 
nntl Call. 



MAI/I A 



MANGALORi: .. 

MANILLA 

MA XT A 

•MANZANILLO.. 
M ARAN HAM 
MARSKILl.KS .. 



MARTI NIQUK 
(ST. PIKRRK) 



MAS80WAH 
MASUI.IPA'IAM 



Ocean Steam Line> 



Ports of 
Departure. 



MAURITIUS 
(PORT LOUIS) 



Hums and Maclver'> Steam 
Ships 

Liverpool and the East, Papa- 
yanni Bros., agents 

Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

" Moss" Line of Steamers ... 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
Smith, Sundius, and Co., 17, 

Gracechurch-.street, E.C. 
J. and V. Florio and Co. 



liriti&h India .Steam Naviga- 
tion 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Steam Navigation Co. 

.Spanish Mail I^ne of Steamers 

Pacific Steam Na%'igation Co. 



Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 
A. Booth and Co.'.s Steamers 
Mcssageries Maritime^ 

Ryde and Co.'s Steamers, for 

cargo only 
Compagnie Odn&^le Trans- 

atlantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Medjidieh Steam Navigation 
Co. 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular Sc Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 



North Pacific Transporu- 
tion Co. 
' J. Darw-ent's 
j K. Young's Steam line 

Australian Steam Navigation 
I Co. (Bright & Co.) 



.M.VZAILAX... 

i tion Co. 
tMKLBOURNK ... ' J. Darment's Steam Une 



Liverpool 

Marseilles 

Liverpool 

Southampton... 

Ix)ndon 

Palermo 

Messina 

Bombay 

Southampton ... 

Singapore 

Panama 

Callao 

Panama 

IJverpool 

London. 

Ix>ndon, Mill- 
wall Docks 
St. Nazaire ... 

Southampton... 

Suez. 

Madras 

Southampton ... 

Marseilles 

San Francisco... 

Adelaide 

Brisbane 



i)ate)« of 
Sailing. 



Ever>' 3 weeks 

Every 10 d^ys. 

Wednesday's. 9 

a.m. 
Saturdays 

Saturdays^p.m. 

Fortnightly 

about 
Saturdays, 5 p. m. 

Sundays, ntud- 

night 
14th and aSth... 

Saturdays,9p.iii. 

Monthly. 

lath, noon 

zoth, 6 p.m. ... 

J 3th. 

Monthly, 97th or 
38th 

Twice a month. 

1 A tri ••• «•• ••• 
and and xTth ... 



a5th ... 

AlL Saturdays 
a p.m. 

Every 4th Sun- 
day, 8 a.m.: 
tnoA 14 May 

Every ao days. 

Weekly. 

»» , »» 
Occasional ... 



Interned iaie 

rOtVL. 



Catania& Syra 



cuse 

• •• •• 



Bombay ... .. 



• ■ « •• 



Lisbon 



Msfdnu ... - 

Alexandria 
Suef.&A4« 



Sydney 



* Connection with European and American Steam lines at Panama (which see). 
t Connection with European Steam lines at New York (which see); thence by Atlantic and FKii 
Steamers of the Califomian, Mew Zealand, and Australian Steam Ship Co., vt4 Auckland Mid Sydney. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



TEAM LINES. 



J. UiJV. Florio... 



BUoof Depsrlim 



l^icsdayt. 6 thA- .- 



p. EynauJ niul Co, 



India Siutd ijih 

[tria Marillmcl EvoytlhSs 




clviii 



Our Ocean Higlmays, 



OUR OCI 



Port-> of I>estinatio» 
and Call 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Intcmi 
Ptor 



MELBOURNK 



• » •• 



f » • • 



1 1 • • 



MERblNA 



MF.SSIXA 



• • • • 



• t •• 



KIdred and Spence's Sydney 

Steam Line 
North Pacific Transportation 

Co. 
Califomian, New Zealand, & 

Australian S. S. Ca 
(Proposed LincX 

"Great Britain'* S. S. ... 

(Ocean direct Mail LineX 
Pacific Mail Steam Ship (Jo. 

Penin.su]ar & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



MKXILLONES ... 



MITVLRNK 



MOBILE, U.S. ... 

MOCHA 

MOCtADORE 

MONROVIA 

MONTE-VIDEO... 



Messagerics Maritimes 

Russian Steam Nav. Co. 
"Anchor" Line 

J. Bibby, Sons, and Co. 

Steam Ship 
Burns and Maclver':» Steam 

Line 
Marseillaise Steam Nav. Co. 

Messrs. Wilson and Co.'.s 

Steamers 
J. and V. Florio and Co.'s 

Line (E.) 

M (D.) 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Austrian TJoyd's 



Ix)cal Steam Line .. 



Medjidieh Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Morocco Steam Navigation 

Ca 
African Steam Ship O. 

Ltveqx>ol. Brazil, and River 
Plate Stm. Navigatkm Co. 



Auckland, viA 

Sydney 
San Francisco... 

Ovalau (Feejee 
Islands) 



Liverpool. 
San Francisco... 
Southampton ... 
Brindisi 

duez ... 

Marseilles 

Odessa 

Cflasgow 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 

Hull 

Naples 

Callao 

Valparaiso 

Trieste 

Alexandria ... 



• • •• * 



New Orleans. 

Suez. 

Marseilles 

Liverpool 

Liverpool 



Weekly 

Every 4 weeks 

Every 4 weeks 
after arrival of 
steamer from 
San Francisco 

Monthly 

4th Sat., 9p.m., 
from i8th Feb. 

Every 4th Tue&., 
a a.m., from 
from sSthFeb. 

Sundays, 6 p.m. 

Saturdays 

Alt. Saturda>'s 

Weekly 

Fortnightly. 

Once a month. 

i«tt, nth, &3ISt. 

8 a.m. 
Fortnightly. 

Fridays, 8 p.m. 

Sunda>-s,8p.m. 

nth and a6th... 

loch and 35th, 

6 p.m. 
Satuixiays, 3 p. m. 

Alt. Tuesdays, 

Alt. Fridays, xi 
a.m. 



Fortnightly. 
34th or 95th ... 
ist»xoth,&Mlh 



Honolub 

Aitcklan 
Zcalam 



Ovalau ( 
Islands 
Alexandi 
Suez 



Aleiandi 

Smyrz 

Constant 



Constaal 



Sm 



wna 
Beyiw 



Our Ocean High-mays, 



^M I.INES. 



KtooiUne. 


rnm 


inClail. 


D«Bofl>p*nu« 


Ap»a.« 

I>0Tt> of DestbUioa. 








Weekly. 




EnJand«DdAu^ 
■ S. 3. to. 










bliH 






MomSI ■ 




a;;rs^' 


...«. 




I p.n.. 


Y. R Kepditl 


KCciR MariiioiM 




i:-. .. i 


Weekly 


Ibnlum SaCtth. 


"" 


All. WcdKidfly. ... 




in .4 
.40 fr^ 


Mondayi, 6 j.ni. .. 


J.Vu«. 

f. TiglUlia and Ca 


"" 







,5il.™ijMh 


E. Ibnhim 


■iiLloyJ'* 


Ah.-rhiuid-,4P.n,. 
All. Siturd., jp,in. 




Al^ FrMsyj, 8 p.m. 

,4lhOt-5tll 


A. Filippu™ 




clx 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCR 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



MONTE VIDEO 



MONTREAL 
MOSS EL BAY 
MOSTAGANEM 
MOULMEIN 



MUSCAT 



NAGASAKI 



NANKIN 

NAPLES 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Messagcrics Maritimes 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 
River Parana Steam Ship Co. 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Ryde Line of Steamers to 
Antwerp, Brazil, and River 
Plate. (Passengers embark 
at Falmouth.) 

Montreal Ocean Steam Ship 
Co. 

Union Steam Ship Co 

M essageries Maritimes 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 



Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



The Shanghai Steam Ship Co. 

"Anchor" Line 

J. Bibby, Sons, & Co 

Blue Cross Line 

Bums and Mclver's Steam 

Ships 
Valery Brothers, Son, & Co.'s 

Mail Steamers 



Peirano, Danovaro, & Co.'s 
Italian Mail Packets 



•> 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Bordeaux 
Liverpool 

»t •• 

Southampton ... 

London (Mill- 
wall Docks) 

Liverpool 

Southampton... 

Marseilles 

Calcutta 

Southampton... 

Bombay 

Southampton ... 
San Francisco... 
Yokohama 
Southampton... 

BrindUi 

Shanghai 

Glasgow 

liverpool 

Newcastle 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 

»» »» 

Leghorn and 
Genoa 

Messina 

Marseilles 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Monthly, 34th, 

at xz a.m. 
13th and 39th... 

X^^lll ••• ••• »•• 

9th, at 2 p.m 

About 37th ... 

Thursdays 

M^lfl ••• «•• ••• 

Wednesdays ... 

Tuesdays 

3rd, loUi, zTth, 

and 34^1 
Alt. Saturdays, 

at 3 p.m. 
6th, and aoth ... 

Saturdays,3 p.m. 

15^ ••• ••• ••• 

Monthly 

Alternate 5)atur- 
days, 3 p.m. 

Alternate Tues- 
days, 3 a.m. 
Weekly 

Weekly 

»♦ »t 

Fortiughtly. 
Every 3rd week 
Once a week ... 



Four times a 
week 

Once a week ... 



»» 



»> 



Interme 
Port 



Lisbon 

Bordeaux 
Lisbon 



Lisbon 

Falmoutb 
Antwei 



I.ondoi K U 

Madeira , 

Oran... 
Algiers . 

Calcutta 

Bombay 
Yokoham 



Alex., Si 
Yoke! 
(which 



VU C 
Yecdn 

VIA C 
Vecdii 



Our Ocean Higkssays. 



"~ 


ItelHofSlilLns 
fiom 


Pcr«n. 


IJ.lev of Uijamre 


AgcnLjU 


UuitSniH 


'»«h,8a.m. 


^15 
.£35 


MontWy. ind. U s 
Mmthly. 


JanOLury. 


a Suw> 




£li 


About ,o<l>. II A-m. 






^ 'I r, I .,. 


13% 


Mooihl). 




an Stain 


^^1* 


j5'S tl 


Suurdnyi 


H. Aid .\. Allmi. 
FlemnSMSdMudit 


MjiriMnia 






WcdD»day» ... . 


En. DoiuiMt. 


:: ':: 




.iV, 


Slh, ';,.b. ,y£. ui! 
=Jth 


W. Knuittiy. 


a^Slnm 


VA. .-h. ,7th, „d 




C. H. McGdl. 


in=imShLp 


Abouliiit 


/So 
*45 


Monthly. 


n. B. Gihbom. 





MuSundny!., 8p.m. 




ThuiMlay., ip.Bi.... 
S.nirfay% ... . , 


H. Gribbfc. 

Oni«>, i.Sliada Piliero, 

N.plB. 






... 


Mond,., Tunds., 

l-hundL.indSa- 

lurday*. i p.m. 

■ru«J.ysap.n.. ., 

Tiindny., i p.m. ... 


.. .. 




clxii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



NAPLES... 



NASSAU, (NEW 
PROVIDENCE), 
WEST INDIES 

NATAL 



NEGAPATAM 



NEMOURS ... 
(ALGERIA) 
NEW LONDON 



NEW ORLEANS 
NEW YORK ... 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Periano, Danovaro, and Co.'s 

Italian Mail Padcets 
J. & V. Florio & Co 



R. Rubattino & Ca's Mail 
Steamers 



Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 
Occasional Steamers 



Cape and Natal Steam Navi- 

^tion Co. 
Union Steam Ship Co 

British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsiilar & Oriental Steam 
Navi^tion Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 

Union Steam Ship Co. 

North German Lloyd's 

"Anchor" Line 



British North American Royal 
Mail (Cunard I^ine) 



Compagnie Gtfn^rale Trans- 
atlantique 



Guion Line Steam Ship Ca 

Hamburg American S. S. Co. 
(Smith, Sundiub and Co.) 



Ports of 
Departure. 



»» 



Liverpool, New York, and 
Philadelphia Steam Ship 
Co. (Inman Line) 



Nice 

Messina 

Malta 

Palermo 

Alexandria ... 

Genoa 

Marseilles 
Charleston. 

London 

Southampton ... 

Madras 

Southampton .. 
Marseilles 
Southampton ... 

»» »• 
Glasgow 

Liverpool 

t, ... ».. 
St. Nazaire. 
Havre. 
Liverpool 
Hamburg 

Havre 

London 

Southampton... 
Liverpool 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



lliree times a 

week 
Twice a week... 

Once a week ... 

Four times 

weekly 
Twice or three 

times monthly 
Twice a month 

Wednesd.^ and 
Sunds.,8a.m. 



7th, monthly ... 
asth ... 



• • •« 



AlL Saturdays, 

a p.m. 
AltWedneadays, 

from 3rd May 

Once a month 

Wednesday and 
Saturday 



Saturdays 

Tuesdays and 
Thui^tdays 



Wednesdays ... 

Saturdays 

Fortnightly,abt 

Saturdays 

Tuesdays and 
Thursdays 



Intcrmc 
Pod 



ViAGtn 
Vid Res 



Messina 
Leghorn 



DartmoQ 
Madeira 



Alex., Su 
Madn 
Otan... 



Movitte 



Queenstt 

Queenstc 
Bostm 



Southaa 



Havre 
QuecmCi 



Oht Ocean Highways. 



wing 


n^i^DTSaitine 


One 


HonninL 


Ae=«,u 


K. _. 




■■ 


Tue>d>.Th<iniL'i..K 
SlLH.rd...^p.lO. 

Friiljiy.&Sua<Ii.>». 
KridJyt;ap.,n. ... 


Naplei 
PuquBic Morel lo. 


K- - 


--" 


.ufn. 


Mm«!>., Wtds., Fri. 

Slh, iBIh. juid iSlh, 
■nonllily 


ItoniKtHid Perm. 
CGraml. 


rc'.'"~ 




£3S-7 




01^« ind Co, 


1« S.«un 


Saluntaj^ 


£fe. 


Sunday.... 


Dr^aoD. 






£3»', 


8 1iot>rt>ft»>m.i>l 


C. B. ChmiiUL' 


^. ... 




£•? 


On«'!i™™«. ... 


K. P. StockjoeyoBtCO. 


Uh... ... 




il 




Hcndtmn Bnxhin, 
HovrUD£'£r«CQ, Hew 


AncHuii 




£.3 ,3 





Wm. Ruion, i;, W.I1- 


^ E. S, Co. 




Soornno 




Bnadwiy. 







i.s.i 




JohnC. Pale. 11, RniJ 
-y. Ne- ^«k 




clxiv 



Our Ocean Highways, 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



NEW YORK 



NICE ... 
NICOLAIHV 

ODESSA... 



OLD CALABAR. 
OPORTO .. . 



ORAN . 
ORDOU . 

OSTENI) 



OVALAU 
(FEEJEE 
LANDS) 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



IS- 



Liverpool, New Yk. , and Phil. 

S. ^. Co. (In man Line) 
National Steam Ship Co., 

Water-street, T.,iverpool 
North German Lloyd's 

Oceanic Steam Ship Co., 

Liveipool 
Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 



Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Ru-ssian Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Austrian Lloyd* .s 

Messageries Maritimes 

Smith, Sundius, and Co. 

Wilson and Co.'s Steamers ... 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
African Steam Ship Co. 

J. Bibby Sons & Co.'s Steam 

Ships 
Peninsular Line (E. Grosos) 

Portuguese Line of Screw 

Steamers (R. MacAndrew 
and Co.) 

»» •» 

Turner, Ed^^'aids, and Co. ... 
Messageries Man times 



Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
General Steam Navigation 

Co. 

Califomian. New Zealand, & 
Australian Steam Ship Co. 



>> 



HalUday & Webb's Line ... 



Liverpool 

»» »» 
Southampton ... 
Liverpool 
A.spinwall 
San Francisco 
Marseilles 
Odessa 

Trieste 

Marseilles 

London 

Hull 

London 

Liverpool 

Havre. 

London (Mill- 
wall Docks) 

Liverpool 

Bristol 

Marseilles 

f» »• 
Odessa 

London (St. 

Katherine's 

WharO 
Sydney 

Auckland 

San Francisco... 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Saturdays 

Wednesdays & 

Fridays 
Tuesdays, 2 p.m. 

Iliursdays 



Intermediate 
Ports. 



Queenstown & 

Halifax 
Queenstown ... 



Mondays & Fri- 
days, 8 p.m. 

Tu'8d(iys,Th'r». 
days, & Satur- 
days 

Saturdays,3 p. m. 

Saturdays, 5 p.m. 
Fortnightly ... 
AbL fortnightly. 

About every 30 

days 
xath, 94th, and 

30th 
Weekly. 



Monthly .. 



• •• • 



»t 



Wednesdays, 5 

p.ni. 
Saturdays,5p.m. 

Weekly 

Wednesdays & 
Sat'days.,Tid. 

Onceamonth... 



Monthly 



Aspinwall, Pic 
nama 



CoDSU&tino|ile 



M( 



• •• ••« 



* • •• 



Constantinopfe 



»t •• 



• ■ • •• 



Vid Aucklttid 



••• ••• 



Hoooltdu .» 



Our Ocean Iliglvmays. 



-;- 


IkilcicfSjih.ig 


Fun. 
Perwn. 


lijie.cfneptrinn! 


AscmUM 


S»m a»p 


: : : 




''■»«J.y« 

'luudnyo ft Salur- 


J<,hDG.Me.,s.^B™«l- 

wav. N.w York 
F.W.J, Hum, to, H'™1- 
Otlritli. in<l Cu. 


Rv. Lu. J. Id 

«.a s,s.cu. 






4ih m! »ih, » 


K R. BtW, Pier «., 






jmiUn 


a»>>. ft Swui.r» 


j,fl«i«dr. 


JoyJ-i. 


ritcid.>s,»A.ai.... 


„vfl". 


Mun.lny.. 6 p.m. ... 


A. Traboid. 


c Marilimr, 






Aboule.trj .-odajl 


M«)nl.™dP»«m. 






^MS 


Wtdnrtihys 


Duboiich. 


B M>rlim>e' 




4'. 137 


^■"^1-^ 


Cillc. 


mni yav|-^- 




ioM-L. 


Weekly 

Tu=»dav.ft F^■J»y^ 
Tid»l 


R. Si. AiBDur ud Sin. 


-. ... 


..-.- 




MonlUy. 




- ■- 







.. 






clxvi 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



PADANC; 



PALERMO 



p • • •• 



PALMA ... 
PANAMA 



i> 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Netherlands India Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 
" Anchor " Line . 



••• ••• 



J. BibbVj Sons, & Co.'s 

Steam Ships 
Bums & Mclver's .Steam 

Ships 
Messageries Maritimes 



Messrs. T. Wilson & Co.'s 

Steamers 
J. & V. Florio & Co., Naples 



Ports of 
Departure. 



• • • • • 



f» ••• ••• ••• 



Spanish Mail Steamers 

Compagnie G^n<5rale Tnuu- 

atlantique 
Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



»» 



Royal Mail Steam Pticket Co. 

West Indoi and Pacific Steam 
ShipCb. 



Singapore 

Southampton... 

Glasgow 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 

Messina 

Hull ... 

Naples 

Genoa 

Leghorn ... 

Marsala 

Malta 

tt ••• •«• 
S}Tacuse 

Barcelona 
St. Nazaire ... 
New York 
San Francisco 
Callao 

Valparaiso ... 
Liverpool 

Southampton ... 
Liverpool 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



rWlS- 



Fortnightly, 
after arrival 
of India mail 
at Signapore 

AlL Sauirdays, 
a p.m. 

Fortnightly ... 

Fortnightly ... 

Monthly 

Saturdays, 5 p.m. 



Fortnightly. 

Mondays, Wed- 
nesdays, Fri- 
days, aiiid Sa- 
turaays,8p.n. 
Tuesdays, 9 p.m. 

Wednesdays, xi 

p.m. 
Thursdays,7 a. m. 

AlL Fridays, 
6 p.m. 
»» »» 

AltTue8.,7p.m., 
& Saturdays, 
8 a.m. 

Weekly 

8th and 14th ... 
4th and 3oUi ... 
Twice a month 
xoth, 6 p.m. ; 

X4tll,3«ld,ft 

98th, 10 a.m. 
3rd, 17th, 5 p.m. 

xoth, 6 p.m. 
13th and 89th... 



and and 17U1 ... 
5th and aodt ... 



Singapore 



Mes.<ina 



Leghorn 



Kal Valencia 
Aq>inwall 



Bordeaux. Lb 

ft Vaqanw 
(wluckMe) 



•• 



Our Ocean Higfeways. 



inKlinS 


Ualci of SiJuifi 


One 


nilDofDepartiire 
Hoioc»ard. 


AtEUltt 






,£» 


I'Drtnijhtlj-. 




KlndaSieini 

M-lCo. 


Fonnigbily 


.£>f '4 


Fortiiiihily. 









iu.j 


MonlUy 


Thoinu Brwheri. 




: : : 




W"ll» 

and ' Salurd.ys. 


t;luu«L 







: 


Sundays, lop-n..... 

All.Tutidiiyi.9p.ni. 

A]l.Tiiod<,.9P,.r.,. 
iuid SiturJay., 




t^lS.^t^i 




.„.. 


.jihud^ih 


Jobn Fnin. 
D. M. C«™e. 







■'■>«'" 


".«h™d"ihr.i 


John Praia. 


^N«.Lo, 





fe7» 


,sl. >=ih. iind ,sth, 
T.i«"'moDUi. 




«il,M#.i 


: ; : 




.ilh ind «ilh, rrom 
Aipinwall 


C. _Wilili«». H,B.M. 
J,sf™y. 




clxviii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



cfUR < 



Ports of Destination 


Ocean Steam Lines. 


1 

Ports of 


Dates of 


In 


and Call. 


. 


Departure. 


Sailing. 




^^«VXx./« ••• ••• ••• 


A. Booth and Co.'s Steamers 


Liverpool 


Monthly, 27th 
or 38th 


IJs1 


PARAMARIBO ... 


Compagnie G^n(5rale Trans- 
atlantique 


St. Nazaire ... 


8th 




(SURINAM) 








•PAYTA 


Pacific Steam Navigation Co.. 


Callao 


loth and 35th, 






1 
1 


6p.m. ; 14th, 






1 


32nd & 38th, 






I 


20 a.m. 




PENANG 


Austrian Lloyd s Steam Nav. 


Tnestc 


Saturdays, mid- 


Ale 




Co. 




night 


S 


yy ••> .-. ••• 


(Jhina Steam Ship Co., x*iA 


Liverpool 


Fortnightly 
(about) 






Suez C^anal 






• « ••■ 


Peninsular & Orienul Steam 


Southampton ... 


Alt Saturdays, 


Ale 




Navigation Co. 




3pm. 


a 


»» 


>» >• 


Brindisi 


Alt. Tuefldaj-s, 
3 a.m. 




»• 


British India Steam Na^-iga- 
tion Co. 


CalcutU 


3rd and 3xst ... 


• 


9. ••• ••• ••■ 


• • 


Singapore 


^^t\mSjk ••• «»• ••• 




PERNAMBUCO... 


f » ft 


Bordeaux 


34th, II xm. ... 


LUl 


>f ••• •■• ••• 


Royal Mail Steam Packet 
Co. 


Southampton... 


9th, at 3 p.m. 


1 


PHILADELPHIA, 


Philadelphia and New York 


New York, Pier 


••• ••• 




U.S. 


Express Steam Co. 
Philadelphia Steam Propeller 


15. E. R. 






«f ••• ••• ••■ 


New York, Pier 








Co. 


12, E. R, 






91 ••• ••• ••• 


See New York ; thence by 
rail 


A 






PHILLIPSVILLE 


Morocco Steam Navigation 


MarseUles* ... 


Weekly 




(ALGERIA) 
PIRyEUS 


Co. 








Austrian Lloyd's 


Trieste 


Saturdays, a p. m. 


Syr 


(ATHENS) 










tf •■• •«■ ••• 


Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
ti<Mi Co. 


Marseilles 


XSt,IXth,&3ISt, 

8a.in. 




yy ••» ••■ «•• 


Mettsageries Maritimes 


yy ••• ••■ 


Alt Saturdays, 


M« 


PISAGUA 


Pacific Steam Navigation 
Co. 


Ollao 


<p.m. 
nth and 36th. 
6p.m. 




PISCO 


f» »• 


Callao 


Mondays and 
Thursdays. 
6 p.m.; nth 
& 96th, 6 p.m. 




POLA 


Awitrian Lloyd's 


Trieste 


Tuea., 3 a.m.: 
Weds., 6 a.m.: 
Thurs.,6a.m.; 
5»aturt.,x3iioon: 
Suns. 6 a.m. 





Connection at Aspini»-all (which see) with the following European and American Steam \ 

Comnagnie (^dn^rale Transatlantjoue, St Nazal 
The North German Lloyd's, Soutnampcon ... 
The Royal Mail Steam Packet Ca ., 
The West India and Pacific Steam Ship Co., 
The PMnfic Mail Steam Ship Co., New Voric. 



Our Ocean I/igAways. 



cbd 



ik LINES. 


""t: 


, Date of Sailing 




Daici of Dep»rtiire 
Hoowmrd. 


Asnuu 
PoniDfD«dBui<M4 


SlaiMn ..■ 




C«s 






llv fic OricDL.1 


AlLSundiy, 




>j.(Ljiii.m.;it*. 


RudtauulCo. 


Ur & Oricoul 


A1^^.,<.P,... 




.Sih 


BmaudCa. 
LoinlK. GiU«t^,ftO 




:.BII>, UBLm. ... 


:£3= 


.,.h,..9P.m- ... 


TiHMBrMlKB. 


Mill Sunn 


,4th. M Sim. ... 


£^ 


=,.!,. «,<.p.n.. ... 
■WteUy. 


A. E. E|B«. 


sUoyd-j 




•DOflS. 


TisHdays & Silur- 


HtnrrBJdlnL 
T. Ftnldi. 


aw Miri.imo 




^...8 5 


Fonnightly 


Didi«. 









Wcdi,od.yt & Sj- 
Momlay^6^^.IB.; 


R. H. Cindci. 
ManiBMinuidt 

BorunlTiccIuB. 



Tlmiighlartt >,6^ftu 



« a i 




Our Ocean Highways, 



OUR OCX 



Porte of DciriiMirton 
andCaU. 



PONDICHBRRY 



f> 



ORT-AU-PRINCE 
(HAYTl) 

PORT ELIZA- 
BETH 

PORTLAND ... 
(OREGON) 

PORT MAHON... 
(MINORCA) 

PORT MONTT 

PORTO RICO ... 



Ocean Steam lines. 



f> 



PORT SAID 



t» 



f» 



>• 



t» 



>> ••• ..I 



•.. •*. ... 



... ... 



V^Jm^ ••• ••• ••• 

*y ••• ..• .«• 

J'JCE v£oA ... ••• 

PROPRIANA ... 

PUERTO CA- 
BELLO 



ft 



9» 



• • ••• 



>•• ••• ••• 



f ••• ••• ••• 

PUNTA ARENAS 



f» 

n 



••• .•« .«. 



••• •.• ••• 



••• •.• •.* 



Messageries Maritimes 

British India Steam Nanga- 
tion Co. 

West India and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
Cape and Natal Steam Ship 

NorUi Pacific Transportation 

Ca 
Spanish Royal Mail Co. 

Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 

Compagnie G^6rale Transat- 

lantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Ca 

Austrian Lloyd's 

Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 

tion Ca 
Russian Steam Navigation 

Ca 
Messageries Maritimes 



Rusdan Steam Navigation 
Ca 



Mesttgeries Maridmes 

Austrian Lloyd's .. 



POrte of 
Departure. 



Marseilles 

Calcutta 

Ceylon (Point 

de Galle) 
Liverpool 



••• ••• 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Every 4th Sun- 
day, 8 a.m. 
7th ami axst. 
9th and ajrd ... 



••• ••• ••« 



Sues Gm 
Aden,& 



■•• •* 



Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Compagnie G^drale Trans- 
atlantique 

North German Lloyd's 

Royal Mail Steam Packet 

West India and Pacific Steam 

ShipCa 
Compagnie G<n£rale Trans- 

atmntique 
North German Lloyd's 

Pkdfic Man Steam Ship Co. 

Rml Blail Steam Pkckec 



London 

San Frandsco 

Palma (Majorca) 

Valparaiso 

St. Nazaire ... 

Southampton ... 

Trieste 

Marseilles 

Odes 

Marsdlles 



■•• ••• 



••• ••• 



f» 



Od< 



*• ■•• 



••• ••• 



Marseilles 
Trieste 

Marseilles 

Sl Nazaire ... 

Southampton ... 

tf ... .*• 
Liverpool 
St. Naaure ... 
Southampton... 
New Yonc ... 
Southanipton ... 



loch 

ytn ... ... ... 

Tri-monthly. 

W^eekly ••• •■• 

xst and i6ch, xo 
a.m. 

X^Ul ••• ■•• ••• 
aluCl ••• ••• !•• 

Saturdays, 
xa p.m. 

Wedncadajrs, 
9 a.m. 

Alternate Satur- 
days. 

Every 4th Sun- 
day, from X4th 
May, 8 a.m. 

Every Saturday 

Thursdays May 
to Oct; alL 
Thursdays 
Oct to May 

Saturdays, 

5P.n>. 
Saturdays, 
xa nooo. 

Altenmte Thurs- 
days, 9p.m. 

oU ••• ... •«. 

xotn •■• ••• •«• 
and and xyth ... 
5tn ••• ... ... 



Dartmoiil 



Alexandii 



••« ••• ««• 



••• ••• ■•• 



8th 
xoth 
4thaBdioth 
and and 17th 



SlTInd 



AspfauM] 



•» 



•• 



^^^^^^^^B^3 




Our Ocean Higfaimys. cbt 


||AM LIN&S. 


. Couitauic D.tBorS«lii>g 




Datei of Depanuie 
Homwarf. 


A«MlU.l 

Pom of DoUMilw 


|r—-"- 


From Suu eveiy 
4IhSluutay 


i«o 


E«rf.ad.y. ... 


DeLiutac. 


. „ ... 


_. „ ... 


... 





Alnmi(fl.,dCo. 


_ „ 





i« 


Onct ■ nuiUi ... 


Howe. Braane uid C 


pE«igMlgnCo.'°™ 





^3. .- 






1 







W«Lly. 









toBofn. 


tA.j^ .jid. jj. 


D«i»U«.dO>. 


Annuo LioydV.. .„ 




.,Sfli,. 


■Jth 

6p.in. 


H.A.D«TH;r,H.B.S 

Vi«-O.Q.ul. ■ 

A-guflkr. — 
J. Tbt^tt. 


\mAra Steam NaTici- 


days. 


.£16 . Enry 4ih Sunday, 


Coai, 







Ixi W«kly. 









(jroublB 


Obc = week Hiy 


S.L«a«v^ _» 


„ ... 








_ - ... _. 


::::: 


tsrnno. 


"sJrFsi; 


S. Guo|», 


fonli C«-.o I-loyd'. 


I "." 1' 


£,6 4 sthUboulX 






■»*"«13'*1 


/la 


RflanRBBwuidCo. 


^c*""- "™ 


.«h._ 


ri ::: 


As«u 


.. 


-,. .. 


At s 




AlUcW^KsindCo. 




cbcxii 



Our Ocean Highways, 



OUR OCB 



l*orts of Destination 


Ocean Steam Lines. 


Ports of 


Dates of 


Intense 


and Call. 




Departure. 


Sailing. 


Pbrt 


PUNTA ARENAS 


West India & Pacific Steam 

Shin Co. 
"Anchor" Line 


Liverpool 


5th and 20th a. 


Aspinwal 


•QUEBEC 


Glasgow 


Wednesdays & 


• •• 








Saturdays 




gp ••• ••■ ••• 


•Montreal Ocean Steam Line, 
L and A. Allan & Co., 
Gla.^gow 


yf ••• ••• 


Tuesdays 


Dublin 


ft «•> ••• ••• 


>> It 


Liverpool 


Tuesdays and 
lliursdays 


Londondt 


^0 ■•• ••« ••• 


ft tt 


Londonderry... 


Fridays 


• •• 


kAOUSA 


Austrian Lloyd'b 


Trieste 


Tuesdays,ap.m. 
or Apr. 2 to 30 
Sept., Tues- 
days, noon 


••• 


*A ••• ••• •■• 


»t tt 


CatUro 


Sundays, 8 a.m. 
or Apr. I to 30 
Septem., Sun- 


• •• 


t» ••■ • 


»' 


Durazzo 


days, 6 a.m. 
Wednes.,6a.m. 
or Apr. I to 30 
Sepcm., Tues- 
days, ^ a.m. 


«•• 


1* • 


tt i» 


Trieste 


Thursdays, 6 
a.m. or 5 a.m. 


••• 


fa «•• ••• ••• 


tt tt 


Prevesa 


Sundays, a p.m. 
or Apr. 1 to 30 
Septem., Sun- 
days, 6 a.m. 


Corfu 


lf ••• ••• ••* 


•t tt 


1 neste 


Saturdays, la 
noon 


• •• 


RANGOON 


British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 


Calcutta 


Weekly 


• •• 


^y ••• ••• ••• 


»t t» 


Madras 


a3*n ... ..• ... 

1 


• •• 


RAVENNA 


AuAtrian Lloyd'.s 


Prieste 


Wednesdays, 10 


• •• 


REALRJO 


Compagnie G^n^ale Trans- 
atlantique 


St. Nazaire ... 


' fttf 

0»la ... ... ... 


Aspinwal 








naraa 


ff ••• ••• ••• 


North German Lloyd's 


Southampton ... 


xoth 


«• 


«f ••• ••• ••• 


Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 


New York ... 


4th and aoth ... 


»t 


•a ••• •«• ••• 


Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 


Southampton... 


and and xjth ... 


»» 


A^ ••• ••• ••• 


West India and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
J. & V. Florio& Ca's Line E 


Liverpool 


5th and aoch ... 


•t 


REGGIO 


Naples 


Fridays, 8 p.m. 


MesMia 




„ „ Line D 


•*• ■•• 




»» 



• From NoTtmber to April the Sieaners go to POitlMMi, instead of to Quebec 



^^^^^^^^^^5 


Our Ocean Highways. clxxi 


STSAH LINES. 




C(HII«tb>K 
SlaunLint. 


DitciorSjUing 


»i(^. 


""hI^T"" 


Ase.i.s M 


pMBiMBy-S.S.C.... 

Monlral Octin Stdd! 
Ship Co. 


"::: 




S.mntay. 


Pawma tUlvvay Co 
A^eoi. 

AJ1»D, Rje and Co. , 




.. 




itl'.. 


Suodsy., lo p.m.: 
«Ap,,««.Sn.. 
jolh, Sundays. 6 

orApr. tnioSep.' 

achrcriiiy^ .. 


a r»»ib.i. 4| 










Apr. .« to Sepi. 
3«h, Sunday., 7 

Frid^^ liB.,;.!. 

^*. Wcdiljiyi.. 






.Iuh™. Lioyd-* 


TomLy', s p.'m. 



... 


TuK£yi,9».nL;o( 
Apr. ..I to Sept 
30^Tu=d.yj. 


Bullock Bntind Co. 

RuncddiCTtlfib. 




Panaiu Ry S. S. Co. 


iMh. from Panami 


If- .3 





Ruiicu Ry. Stam ^ 
Co.'. Ajou. 






iolhandiSlh 


Cm .3 




Madura and CO. 




J, ft V, Florin & Ca'. 
line 


KXCiSK 


iit^i 


5&?,fn:i 


Paumj Roilwiy Si= 

Sh?p CoL^t Ageni. 
V. Rognetu. 




clxxiv 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of DesdnaUon 
aadCalL 



REIKIAVIK, (see 
REYKJAVIK) 

RETIMO (ISLE 
OF CRETE) 



t* 



REVEL ... 



• • • • • 



»> 



• • •• « 



REUNION (see 
ST. DENIS) 

REYKJAVIK, or 
REIKIAVIK 
(ICELAND) 



99 



•• • *« • ■• 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Austrian Lloyd's ... 



... a. 



tt 



»» 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Syra... 
Candia 



• •• •• 



• • • •• ■ 



Brownlow, Lumsden & Co.'s | Hull... 

Steamers ! 

Bailey & Leetham's Steamers 



f* 



Danish Royal Mail Steam 
Ship Co. 



»# ••" 
RHODES 



... . • 



■.. ... 



»» 



»» 



*• 



»» 



i» 



Austrian Lloyd's ... 



»» 



• • •• • 



RIGA 



• • * • • 



Messageries Maritimes... ... 

I Ravian Steam Navigation 
Co. 
... I Messrs. J. Wilson & Co.'s 
I Steamers 

RIO DE JANEIRO, Liverpool. Brazil, and River 

Plate Steam Nav. Ca 
... . Messageries Maritimes 

... Pacific Steam Navigation Ca 

Ro|raI Mail Steam Packet 
Co. 

Ryde I^ne Steamers, Ant- 
werp, Brazil, and River 
Plate (passengers embark 
at Falmouth) 

Liverpool, Brazil, and River 
Plate Royal Mail Ca 



• •• •• 



• • • •• 



ROSARIO DE 
SANTA FE 

ff •«• ••• ••• 



ROTTERDAM 



n 



• 9 



9* 



••• ••• ••■ 



• •• •« 



••• ••• •• 



River Parana Steam ShipC^. 
THE RHINE 

... ... •«. ... ... 

... ... ... ... ... 

... ... ... ... ... 

... ... ... ... ... 



Copenhagen ... 

Thonhaven ... 

Lerwick , 

Granton (I^th) 

Constantinople 

Alexandria ... 

Marseilles 

Odessa 

Hull... ,,, ',,, 

Liverpool 

Bordeaux 

Liverpool 

Southampton ... 

London, Mill- 
wall Docks 

Liverpool 

ft *» 
STEAMERS. 
Amheim ••• ... 
Emmerich •.. 
DOsseMoif ... 
Cologne 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Sundays, 8 p.m. 

Mondays,9p.m. 

Once a week ... 

Weekly, in the 
season 

Once a month 
during season 

OccaMonal ... 



» 



... «. 



Alternate Thurs- 
days, 4 p.m. 

Akemate Fri- 
days, IX a.m. 

Saturdays 

Alternate Sattir- 

dajrs 
Twice a week 
during season. 
2nd, loth, and 

aoth 
34th. at 11a.m. 

13th and 19th... 

9th, at 8 p.m. 

About 97th ... 



and, loCh, and 

90th 

ZOUl •■• ••• ••• 



Daily during 
the season 



Canea ... 



»• vap 



Lerwick, or 
Leith and 
TnonoaveD 



Snynia ... 
Beyrout ••• 



S^or 
dria 



Lisbon ... ... 



»• 



Lisbon 



It 



tt 



ti 



\ 



»» 



ft 



ft 



Faha oBdi —d 
Antwerp 

Lisbon and 
BuenooAyni 






•• ••• 



••• •.• 






V^^^^^^HBS 


: 

Our Ocean Highways. clxx 


LINES. 




DiI«ofSailiDB 




Dalei of Depailurs 
HomtwMd. 


Poruof DesiaaiioB. 


't^'* 


To«dJir.,3tm.... 


... 


M<md.ysap.«.„ 
T..«by,.8*m.... 


A. Bubioi. 






£55 




M.y«uidCo. 
Cbyhin ud Ssw. 







,...-.. 


thcteuon. 


0. nun. 









Ocodotul 


;: : 


"Td-. 


AlKmltc Sumtayl, 


:. 


Altenule Thundiyi, 

wUiS- 


LBarisdce. 
GMTiaAublf. 


BUn. angs- 




jBibU. 
^3= 


AllsMlc Monday. 


A.eUlIcUiL 




5Blh,8xm- ... „ 


£38 


9.h,«B^m. 


AlKJdiie Huio. 


ulN.vis^ 




i)o 


Twice » mDoth. 




:". "™ 


■4iK«a=.m. ... 


£3= 


«Bd,UBl..Dl. ... 


T. Holloonnlx. 





£30 












£37 


Daily ituriDg Ifac 


G-P. lunuB&Zooa. 

CB>kk. 
SunuudStlgaus 







.- 


'.. 


Ml. Blink!. 
F.LwcoiL 




'clxxvi 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCBAN 



Ports of DestinadoD 
and Call. 



ROTTERDAM ... 



»• 



>* 



» 



>• 



ft 



»» 



»» 



** 



>i 



»» 



»« 



f* 



»> 



• • • • • • 



••• ••• ••• 



»•• ••• ••• 



•• • •« • 



••• •«• ••• 



•■• ••• •• 



»• • • ■ 



• •• ■ • 



■•« •■• ««a 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



•• •%• ••• 



• • *• 



• • •• 



• • • • ■ • 



••« ••• ••• •« 



• • • • • ••• « • 






••• *•• ••• 



SAI-GON 

ST. DENIS 

ST. HELENA ... 

ST. JOHNS (NEW 
BRUNSWICK) 

ST.JOHN*S(NEW- 
FOUNDLAND) 

ST. KITTS 

ST. LUCIA 



If 



... ..• •• ■ 



ST. MALO 



ff 



••• ••• 



••• •■■ ••• ••■ ••• 

General Steam Navigation 

Liverpool Steamers, WiUon, 
Son, & Walter. 20, Water- 
street 

D. R. Macgregor, Lrith ... 

Netherlands Steam Boat Co., 
Phillips, Graves, Phillips, 
and Co. 

Turner, Edwards, and Co. ... 

Tyne Steam Ship Co 

Messageries Maritime^ 

Messageries Maritimes 

Union Steam Ship Co. 

For steamers direct, see Hali- 
fax : thence by railway to 
Windsor ; thence by local 
stesun line, 155 m. : Inter- 
nationals. S. Co. 's steamers 

Uverpool, New York, and 
P. S. S. Co. (Inman 
line) 

Royal Mail Steam Pftcket Co. 

Compagnie Gtfn^rale Trans- 

atlantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

London and South Western 
Ry. Co.'sSteamen 



Bonn ... ... 

Neuwied 

Coblenz 

St. Goar ... ... 

Bingen 

Bieberich 

Mayence 

Mannheim ... 

London, St. Ka- 
therine'sWharf 
Liverpool, Nel- 
son Dock 

Leith 

Ix>ndon 

Bristol 

Newcastle 
Marseilles 

Marseilles 
Southampton... 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Daily during the 
season 



ff 



*• 



•I 



ff 



ff 



ff 



ff 



ff 



ff 



Liverpool 

Southampton ... 
St Nazaire ... 
Southampton... 
Jency 
Southampton 



• • ••• 



Wednesdays & 

Sats., 11a.m. 
Wednesdays ft 

Saturdays, 

Tidal 
Mondays and 

Fridays 
Three times 

weekly 

Fortnightly. 

Tuesdays and 
Saturdays 

Every 4th Sun- 
day, 8 a.m., 
from May 14 

Once a month... 

xoth and asth... 



Altenute Satur- 
days 

and and tTth ... 

0«Q ••• ••• •■• 

and and XTth ... 

MoncftThon., 
Tidal 

MondaT^ Wed- 
nescuya, and 
FridayB,TSdal 



AiemmLp 
Aden, Gsll^' 
ftSingapoft 

Alex., Sim, Mri 
Aden 



Haltlax 



• • •■ 



>»• •• 



1 


■B 


H^^BI^S 


■ 




Our Ocean Highways. clxx\ 




STEAM LINES 






SKuiLuc. 


Dal«o/SiilLDfi 
InUnnnliafc Pons. 


Through 


Dalss ot Dcpatiure 
HoBtwrd. 


ApiDUa. 






... 


DaUy durids lh< 


Hr.Kampi 




- 





... 


"T° .. 


Mr. Rekhanl 




- ■■■ 




... 


,. 


Mr, Lcroy. 

Mr. Bnick. H 
Mr. EmHT. ■ 










.. 


Ur. MiKxL 

Mr. dauwi. 




:": 





£, ,6 


TuMdnyi & Sstur- 

lu.d«y>.'l-idal 
Wcdnodayi & Sa- 


SmiU. Brothm. 
p. A.VaT«jmdCo 

D A.'""v"=^ Oordi , 
Co.. RoiWidam. 









£r 


Saturday.. 
E«ty 4lh Wtdno- 

S.'; 7- ■•' 










m 


Bresinl & Corbicoy, 






41I1 SituidiT! 


lu. 


Zachuic Bcnbo. 








£i> .0 








■— "" 




B«sfn. 


.jlh and ,Blh. 


i: Wy.lL 








ip. 


nlhundifiih 


F- Pticr. 




: .,. :: : 


' 


£' 1 


Monday.,, Wfdno- 
d^4FHd.y^ 


Cipiain Caudin. 



r 




clxxviii 



Our Ocean Highways* 



OUR OCl 



Ports of Destination 
andOOL 



ST.PETERSBURG 



»» 



••• ••• •■• 



9f ••• •«• •• 



»» 



%% 



>» 



••« ••• •• 



••• ••• 



»» 



ST. THOMAS ... 



»» 



n 



t» 



• •• •• 



• •• •• 



••■ ••• ••• 



ST. VINCENT ... 
(W. INDIES) 



•f 



•• ••• ••• 



ST. VINCENT ... 
(a DE VERD) 



• •• •« 



•SAN FRAN 

asco 



»» 



f* 



>» 



9» 



••• ■•• ••• 



■•• ••• •*• 



•a* ••• •*• 



• • ••• 



Ocean Steam Lmes. 



Bauley and 
Steamers 



Leetbam's 



»> 



>* 



Brownlow. Lum&den, & Co. 

D. R. Macgregof's Steamers 

Stockholm & St Petersburg 
Steam Line... 



... .. 



»> 



Messrs. Wilson's Line of 

Steamers 
Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atianuque 
North German Lloyd's 

Royal Mail Steun Packet Co. 

West India and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
Compagnie G^n^rale Trans- 

atiantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Hull... 

London ... 

Hull... 

Leith 

Stockholm 

Hull... 



••• ••• 



• «•• 



••• •• 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Weekly 



••• •• 



• •• •• 



99 



• •• •• 



»» 



Steam 



f y ••• ••• •■• 



»t 



99 



»» 



99 



••• ••• ••• 



•• ••• ••• 



••• ••• «•• 



" Eraprexa Lusitana 

Navijsation Co. 
Australian, South Pacific and 

California Steam Ship Co. 
Compagnie G^6rale xrans^ 

atumtique 
California^ New Zealand, and 

Australum Steam Ship Co. 
North German Lloyd's 

North Pacific Transportation 

Co. 
Pacific Mail Steam Ship Ca 



St. Nazaire ... 

Southampton... 

Southampton ... 

Liverpool 

St Nazaire ... 

Southampton ... 



»f 



Twice weekly 
during season 

Every xo days 
during season 

Saturdays, eve- 
ning 



ff 



Lisbon 
Sydney 
St. Nazaire 
Sydn 



• • • •• 



»» 



»» 



Royal Mail Steam Packet Ca 

United States. New Zealand, 

and Australian S. S. Co. 
West India and Padfic Steam 
Ship Co. 



ydney 

(Grafton Whf.) 
Southampton ... 



Victoria fVi 

couver's Isld.) 
New York 

Panama 

Southampton ... 

Auckland m* 

Liverpool ••• 



Twice a week 
during season 

Z^»u ••• ••• ••• 

ZwU* ••• ■•• ••• 

and and xTth ... 

SOCil ... ... ... 

QUI ... ... ... 

and and xTth... 

QUft ••• ••• ••• 

Monthly 

Once a month 
8th ... 
Monthly 

ZOvO ••• ••• •«• 

Twice a month 
4th and aoch ... 
SrdandaQlh. 
and and xTth ... 
Mcmthly ... mm 
Sthandaolh ... 



• • ••« 



• •• ••€ 



HmC 



Cronstadi 



Steamers 
tenboi] 
rail to 
holm; 

i>y 



OvalanO 

Island 

Aqnnwai 



H^*"y*^i hi 



Aspuiwal 



A ipun w i 
Honolol 



•f 



•Connection at New Yoik (which se^ ' Eoropeaa Steam Lines : timet by AtkrtiiM 



^^^^^^^^BJI 


Our Ocean Highways. 


clxxix 






^ LINES. 




n Luie. 


D.tM of Siilhg 
Tnlerwcdials Porti 


Til rough 
Fmon. 


Dates of Departure 


Ageolill 








z> 


W«kly „. 


L.>dT«K»>(9. 




: : : 


£i s 
£i s 


Every 10 diyidurins 


■n«.DUro.Boii«.&C* 








£m^ 




P, Serck. 







£7 "6 


.. 


- 


i 




965 tr.. 




1 


„. ._ 


... „. ... 


... 


=-i(h- 










£« 


.JthMdjOth 


J. B, CuMaon, Super- 

inUndcDt 
SchOD, WUUnk nod Co. 


_. ... 





,6ifrs. 











iJj. 


tilh9nJ>«(h 


Graham, Palter and Co. 








.i^s 


6Ih 

Month] y. 


MiUen >nd yephew- 


nStamShlp 





..&). frs, 






JianS.S.Co. 
a Sinn. Ship 


Ulh 


£70 


Twice 1 BioDIh ... 


HaUadiyuid Ifcoihiin. 


•ii a s. Co, 


■*""■"" - 






P.c|G<:MaUSteuDSlHp 


■a 8. s. Co. 

ironS.S.Co. 


ijlhindi^^lh ... 


^.1 ! 


fh-nd^h 

Monthly. 
3rd jnd ijtL 


W. L»c Bookv. H. B. 

M. ConuL 




clxxx 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCE 



Ports of Destination 
andCalL 



SAN JOSl^ 

(GUATEMALA) 
SAN JOSE, or 

LAMBAYEQUE 

SAN SEBASTIAN 
SANTA MARTHA 



• • • • • 



»» 



SALONICA .. 



• • ■ •< 



tt 



SAMANCO .. 

f* 

SAMARANG 
SAMSOUN .. 



»•• • 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



SANTANDER ... 

SANTIAGO (DE 

CUBA) 
SANTOS 

SAVANILLA ... 

SCIO 



»• • « ■ 



• • • • ■ 



• • •• 



Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Spanish Screw Steamers 
(MacAndrew and Co.) 

Compagnie G^n^rale Transat- 
lantique 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

West India and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
Austrian Lloyd's Steam Nav. 

Co. 



Liveipool and East Steam 

Ship Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 

Marseillai&e Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Netherlands India Steam '; 

Navigation Co. 
Awitrian Lloyd's Steam Nav. 

Co. 

>• »» 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 

Spanish Screw Steamers 
(MacAndrew and C<0 

Compagnie G^ndrale "Tranft- 
atlantique 

Liverpool, Brazil, and River 
Plate Steam Navigation C^. 

North German Lloyd's 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Nav. 
Ca 



Porte of 
DepartiuT. 



I* 



>> 



I* 



» 



»* 



t* 



»* 



Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 



Panama 

Callao 

London 

St. Nazaire ... 
Southampton ... 
Liverpool 
Constantinople 

DyirSk ••• ••• aaa 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 

Marseilles 

Callao 

Panama 

Singapore 
Constantinople 
Trebizonde ... 

Odessa 

Marseilles 

London 

St. Nazaire ... 

Liverpool 

Southampton... 

Trieste 

Smyrna ... ... 

Constantinople 
Alexandria ... 



Dates of 

Sailing. 



29th ... 



• •• •• 



3rd, loth, xTth, 
&35th,6p.m., 
22nd, 10 a. m. 

Three times 
monthly 

8th .. 



■ • •• • 



2nd 






5th and 20th ... 

Alt. Saturdays, 

4Pjn. 
AIl Thursdays, 

12 noon 
Every 10 days 

Saturdays, 5 
p.m. 

I St, Ilth,&2XSt, 

8xm. 
loth, 6 pm. 

X3th, noon 



Fridays, noon 

Thursdays, 

10 p. I 
Weekly 



GaUipoC 

Malta. 
Syiaorl 



10 p.m. 



ft 



••• •• 



Od 



Saturday, 

Three tunes a 
month. 

lAUft ... .«« ... 



. . ... 



... ... 



zoth ... 
loth ... 
Tuesdays,4p.m. 
Saturdays,4p.ni. 

AlLThundays, 

4 p.ni. 
Alt. Tuesdays, 

4P.m. 
Ak. Fridays, 11 

a.m. 
Ah. Satnidayt 



IneboU 



Constant 
Syra,or 



Lisbon 

Aspinwal 

Brindisi 

• •• 

Smyrna 



P^^^^^^B^J 


Our Ocean Highme^s. dxHti 1 


\ 

LINES. 


m Lint. 


from 
Inlctinedble Patu. 


Thimigh 
Penen. 


DalB ar Dqunure 


Asa»u 







£3i 


ifl. 8»h. .,th. ft 
..nd,4p.m.,««h. 

TlroSiiummdily 


pKJfieStamSl.vO).'. 
W.*frftr.H.RM.V.C. 

D«o«DiSSobifao. 
F.Su«y. 







£» 


it>thmi>di4tli 


M. I. dt Hid. 


LToyd'. ... 


Ai™«, S„«Ut^ 


i,tla. 


AtumiK Sundiy., 
d.ys, + p.ii,. 


A. R. LonbBda 







^.7 


Tuexliiy^ ,., ... 


DuDondL 







... |}rd«,th, 7..m. ... 


T. Mo™™, 




_ 


... 


i>lh,noan 


.. 






■C't 






Uojd'>, Isai.nj=y.,6p.m, ... 




Saturday, 9 xm. ... 


ttKbtOu StpM. 


\ Z Z 1 z z z 


♦SrbU, 


TuBdiy 


N, &u«. 






W«kly 


Doutcit. 


1 


Z« 


Th™ lima a Ritnlti 


Dorigi hijw. 






^30 


Monihly. 




nUD Lidyds 




£„ '.T-h. 




U-T™!'^ 


Frid.y=, , p.,.. ... 


... ' SflturJuyi, » ™n. 


H. VbdliiivlitvicW- 


taan Nangi- 


Kund.y!, t p.m. ... 
Altcm.-vM Slondays, 


tS rbll. 


All. Thupidiyi, a 
AIL 'S'Ht.d.y,. mM- 

AlleniMa TuexUyt 


.1 '■ 




clxxxii 



Our Ocean Higkmays. 



OUR OCBAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Cadi. 



OuvfMA ••• ••• ••• 



t» 



SEVASTOPOL ... 



SEVILLE 



f» 



••• ••• 



• •• •• 



• SHANGHAI 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Austrian Lloyd's Steam Nav. 
Co. 



>i 



■•• ••• .• 



•» 



*f 



»f 



t» 



• «• • • 



•• ••• ••• 



••• ■•• ••• 



•• ••• ••• 



• • •• ■ 



SHERBORO .. 

SIERRA LEONE 
SINGAPORE ... 



>» 



t* 



f» 



*f 



• • • « ■ • 



• • •• • ••• 



••• ••• 



■■• «•• ••• 



Rusuan Steam Navigation 
Co. 



Spanish Screw Steamers 

(MacAndrew and Ca) 
Segcma Ciutdra and Ca's 

Steam Line 
Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 

^tion Ca 
China Steam Ship Co 

ViA Suez Canal 
Messageries Maritimes 



Padfic Mail Steam Ship .Ca 



>t 



r> 



Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



ti 



Rox-al Mail Steam Packet 

Co. 
West India and Pacific Steam 

Ship Co. 
African Steam Ship Ca 

(Steamers do not touch at 

Sherboro for the present) 
African Steam Ship Co. 

Austrian I Joyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 
Chma Steam Ship Co., t'lVI 

Suez Canal 
Alessageries Maritimes 

Netherlands India Steam 
Navigation Ca 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Trieste 

^MUift ••• ••• ••• 

Odessa 

London 

Marseilles ... 
Trieste ••• ... 
Liverpool ... 
Marseilles 

New York 
San Francisco 
Southampton ... 

Brindi&i 

Southampton... 
Ldveipool 



»> 



ft 



*. ... 



.. ... 



*» 



ti 



I* 



t» 



Trieste .. 

Liverpool 

Marseilles 

Batavia 

Samarang 

Sourabaya 



•«• ••• 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Sunday^6a.m.: 
orAaxtoSep. 
30, Mondays^ 
xoa.m. 

Mondays,9a.m. 

Mondays and 
Thursdays, 
April to Oct : 
Tnursds.only, 
Oct to May 

Three times a 
month. 

Thumdays ... 

Saturdays, is 
p.m. 

Fortnightly ... 
(about) 

Every 4th Sun- 
day, 8 a.m. 
from 4th May 

4th and soth 

zs* ••• ••• •■• 

Alt. Saturdays, 
3 p.m. from 
4th Feb. 
Alt Tuesdays, 
3 xm. from 
14th Feb. 



and and xjlh ... 
5th and aoth ... 



S4th ... 



• • ••• 



Saturdays, xs 

p.m. 
Fortnightly 

(about) 
Every 4tn Sun., 
from X4th May 
Weekly ... . 



Intenaedktc 



Pola and Final 



Eupatoria 



Alex. & Sua 



•.• •.. 



Suez Canal » 



As;wiL,Piiiii 

&San. Fku. 

Vokohana ». 

AlejcftSoBi^ 



ft 



Aniii. 



»» 



Su« 



»• 



t» 



* Cotineciion at New York (which see), with European Steam Lines, ml Atkade wmk 
to Aspinwall ; thence by rail to Panama : thcnoc by Plicific Mail Ca's sCcamei* at tliiough frns \lf\k 



^^^^^^^1^99 


Our Ocean I/tgkways. clxajeiii , 


UNES. 


LiBt. 


DataofS»amg 
InieramUne Pons. 


Thtoigh 


Data nf DcpiRun 


Ag«B« 








Tu«day^ , p.m,; 
or Apr. I lo Stpu 




unNivip- 





»«-!<,«. 


'^1:£ 


B.Duiaoff. 


.. ... 





il" 


Thrad>nc<>n.a<iih 


U. Tteni and Co. 
Scgovu, CiudnudCa. 


* OritntJ 




1"^ 





W.PmUBWidCo. 


■ HiHllmo 




^gs 


from ijlt. Miy 


De Crtty. 


aO Stwn 


Abaiuiisl 


^6= 


Mmihly 




"iaii^°Co. 


AUtmatt SuatUyj, 


.i.03 


All. Wednudiy., 


S.J, G, JelU™. 


a™. Ship 


Slh ud 14th 


/..J .» 







■■ 


i3ih.iidis,lh 


Zi=9i 


-3"' 




A QHcnul 
... Co. 


Alt. SumUyi 


£,, .0 6 


Abnitjohounaftrr 


F. J. B»uu.«, Acting 




£7' 








^■;^'i.^'Mr- 


£7i 
£to 


Ertt 4lh SaninL. 
tria >7th U>y 


Pulfinun. 






£'4 

£>t 







BbTpBaecUiulCa.'Itl 



v&wB New Yoriibr Pacific MulCi).'i ■ 




clxxxiv 



Our Ocean Highways, 



OUR OCI 



Ports <^ Destination 
and Call. 



SINGAPORE 



*» 



t* 



SINOPE.. 
SMYRNA 



• •• • • • 



• • • ■ « • 



• • • • • 



• • • ••• 



••• ••• 



••• ••■ 



• • • • • • 



• • ■ •• • 



• • •• • 



•• • ••« 



• • m* • 



SOURABAYA 
SPALATRO ... 



• »• •• 



»• •• 



• « •• 



• • •• • 



9f 



• •• •• 



STAVANGER ... 
STETTIN ^. ... 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Netherlands India Steam 
Navigauon Co. 



»» 



»» 



Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



n 



Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



•» 



t» 



»t 



>» 



J. Bibby, Sons, and Co.'s 

Steam Line 
Bums and Maclver's Steam 

Line 
Liverpool and the East Steam 

Ship Co. 
Messageries Maritimes 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Smith, Sundius, and Co. 

Netherlands India Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 



»» 



ft 



»» 



t> 



>» 



»» 



»f 



Messrs. Wiboo's Line of 
Steamers 



»9 



Padang 

Makassar 
Southampt(m ... 

Brin^si 

^yuc£)«** ••• • •• 

Odessa 

Trieste 

Constantinople 
Alexandria ... 



»» • 
Liverpool 



• .a . 



»» 



Marseilles 
Odessa ... 
London ... 
Singapore 
Trieste ... 



•• • •■• 



ft 



ff 



• ■ ■•• 



• ■ ••• 



Cattaro 



Dufano 



HuU 



... .. 



... ... ••• 



•• 



Dates of 

Sailing. 



Weekly 



Alt. Sats.. 3p.m., 
from 4th Feb. 

Alt. Tues., 9 a.m., 
from 14th Feb. 



Weekly 

Tuesdays, 4 p.m. 

Alt. Thundays, 

4 p.m. 
Alt. Tuesdays, 

4 p.m. 
Alt Fridays, 

II p.m. 
15th. 

Every 3rd week 

Every ten days 

Saturdays 

Twice a month 

Fortnightly 

(About) 
Weekly 

Tuesdays, noon 

ThurKls.,6a.in. 

or A^ to Sep. 

30, Thunds., 

5 a.m. 
Saturdays, noon 



Sundavs, 8 xm. 

or I Apr. to 30 

Sept. Sundays, 

6a.in. 
Wednes., 6 a.m. 

orAp^i toSep. 

f>, Tuesdays, 
a.m. 
Sundays, 6 a. m. 

Fottnigntly. 

Twice* wedc. 



Poiti 



Alexaodii 
Suei 



Brindiii 

Coiiu 

GaUipoli 

Scio^. 

BeyrotU 



Malta am 
Meson, 
Constaati 



Corfu 



I 




Pku, S ;•■' Jrni- '^i'J Km I'M, 



y 



r 



cbootiv. 



■H^^^^^l^j 


j Our Ocean Highways. clxx» 


I LINES. 


unLine. 


DuripfSalHog 
(mm 


Through 

IK a«is, 


lIoBiewarii. 










i,c 




1 







Z.3 




1 


N«.Co. 






ULTueidayi, tp.m 


J. B. Cildbeek. 


_ 




... 


W«k1y. 




I*^* 


Friday., I p,n<.,xul 

SiEurdi., gp.m. 
All. Fridays, SI. n.. 




rr'^"""'" 


O-lfariwch. 




AIl Mondiyj, 7 p.m. 


i'3 


AII.SL>nd>ys,4p.<n. 
Alt Sundays, HDOq 


. 


w KlgriiUaa 




£M7S 


w«Hr 


CtLSalani. 


iUu.Na.iga- 





(orbls.5« 
£'% 

... 


Twiesammil. ... 
Weeklr. 

Thundsy., j im.: 

30, Sundiyi, 4 

Fridays. Sa.m.:« 

Sundayi, 4*'>n.;t>[ 


E. Wacthehaiko. 


Ltoyd-. ... 


Tutuliyi, s p.'m. 




Mjodiyi, noon ,.. 






dzxxvi 



Our Ocean 



^s. 



OUR OCBAN 



Fttrts of Desdnatlon 
aodCaU. 



STOCKHOLM ... 



*i 



» 



tf 



• • • •• 



XUKA «•• ••• 

SUEZ 



■ •• •• • 



t> 



I* ••• •' 



• ••• 



f» 



» 



» 



i» 



t* 



•• ••» 



^% •»• ••• 



••• ••• •.. 



••• ■•• ••* 



... •*. ... 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Stockholm and St. Petersburg 
Steam Line 



»t 



Sweden and Denmark Steam 
Ship Co., Sl Dunstan's 
Hill, K.C. 

Brownlow, Lunuden, & Co.'s 
Steam Line 

Me»agcries Maritimes 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Na- 
vigation Co. 

Messageries Maritimes 

(f VJ Suez Canal) 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

** •» 

MarseillaiNC Steam Nav. Co. 

Medjidieh Steam Navigation 
Co. 



PorUof 
Departure. 



SULINA 

H •■• ••• • • • 

if •■■ ••• ••• 

SWATOW 

•SYDNEY 

pf •.• ••• •« 



f* 



M 



f> 



ff 



»f 



>l 



Austrian IJoyd's 



i» 



i» 



Messageries Maritimes 

Shanghai Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Australian Steam Navigation 

Co. 



St. Petersburg 

X^UDCCIC ••• ••• 

London, Mill- 
wall Docks 

Marseilles 

Trieste 

Marseilles 

Southampton... 
Bnndisi ... ••■ 
Marseilles 

Djedda 

Massowah 

Aden 

Ibraila 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Wednesdays, 

noon 
Tuesdays,4 p.m. 

Monthly 



Every ao days. 

F idays 

Saturdays, mid- 
night 



intemiediiti 



HelsBgfon 
Norrkopiac 



Every 4th Sun- 
day,from 14th 
Mav 

Saturaays,a p.m. 

Tuesdays, 3 a.m. 

Wednesdays, 9 

a.m. 
Occasional 



• • •• • 



»•• ••• 



••• ••• 



■ • • •• 



••• ••• •• 



••• ••• •• 



••• •• 



Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 
Melbourne Steam Ship Co.... 

J. Ward and Co., Melbourne 

North Paufic Transportation 
Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 



Constantinople 
Marseilles 

Shanghai 

Brisbane , 



!• 



*t 



»i 



i* 



Trieste 

Melbourne 

Melbourne 
(Grafton WharQ 
San Francisco... 

Southampton ... 



Wednesdays, a 

p.m. 
Saturdays. 4 

p.m. 
Saturdays, 5 

p.m. 
Weekly 

Once a month. 

Occasional ... 

Saturdays, mid- 
night 

Two or three 
times weekly 

Every 4 weeks 



4th SatunUv, s 
pim., tram 
18th Feb. 



Alexandrim 
Sues 



»R ■* 



Burgas m 
MesaiBa .» 



••• ••• 



•■• ■•• 



Alexandria 
Suei 



HODQiulv ■•• 



Alexandria 

Sues 






• Connection at New York (which seeX with European Steam Lines. vU Atlaatk and 
Auckland (which sec), or by Pkcibc Mail Stcamen from New York to Aspmwall, rail to **— - 
according to accommodation. 



Our Ocea7i Highways. 



DalK of Dcputun 

Homcwud. 



Paib of Dwttutioii, 



Salunbiy^ 7 



in iDd Wivbl. Ship 



I Every 4th Saluntay, 



Kobe]] and Co. 
E, MahDidch- 

J. R. Kcllsdc. 
C. BraoB. 






Suuih'i Wbuf, Sjilocy 



tlhSaturdflTi 9^.10. I 




clxxxviii 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCEAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Cull. 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



SYDNEY 



«• ••• 
»• ••• 

ft ••• 



i Peninsular St. Oriental Steam 

Navigation Co. 

Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

' Atifttralasi.in Steam Naviga- 

' tiun Co. 



■ ■ • • • • 



I 



>» 



a.. •• •. 



>* ••■ 



If 



»• 



SYRA 



«• ••• 



• •• «• 



... < We^ India and Pacific Steam 
Ship Co. 
Austrian Lloyd '.s ... 



• • ••• 



BrindLsi 

Southampton ... 
Melbourne 
Auckland 
Brisbane 



4th Tuesdays, 9 
a. m. , from 
aSth Feb. 

2nd and zTth ... 

Weekly 

Fortnightly ... 



I 



••■ •• • 



Ovalau • Once a month... 

(Fecjee Isles) _ 

5th and 20th ... 



.. •.. 



»» 



*» 



ft 



>• 



*» 



•t 



f» 



»» 



Liverpool 

Trieste 

Constantinople 

Smyrna 

IMncus 
Candi.i 



• • • • • 



• •t ■« 



• • • ■ • 



>■ ••• 



• • • • • • • • 



• ■ * •■ 



SYRACUSE 



•• ••■ • • • 



TABLE HAY 

(CAPE OF COOD 

HOPE) 
TAGANROG ... 



■» 



• • •• 



TALCAHUANO ... 

T A M R O D E 
MORA 

TAMPICO 



J. lUhby, Sons, & Co.'s Steam 

Ships 
Bums and Maclver's Steam 

Ships 
Liverpool and the £a&t Steam 

Ship Co. 
Messagerieb Maritimes 

J. and Y. Florio and Co. 



Cape of Good ([ope Steam 
Ship Co. 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 



Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



Royal Mail Steam Packet 
Co. 



• •• «■ 



••• ••• 



• • •• • 



Trieste 

Constantinople 

laverpool 



»• 



•I 



.• ... 



a.. ... 



.• ••» 



Marseilles 
I'ulermo ... 
Malu 
Southampton... 

Odevta 

Kertch 

Yalparaiso ... 
Callao 



• • ■ ■• 



South.impton... 



IntermeiUate 
Porti. 



Alexandria taA 

Suex 



Aiipin., . 
&Saii.FkaB. 



Auckland ... 



Tuesdays, 4 p.m. 

Alternate Satur- 
days 4P-nt. 
Saturdays, 4 p. m. 

Tuesdays & Sa- 
turdii.,8 p.m. 
TueMiays, 5p.m., 
direct 

Mondays, 3 p.m. 

Saturdays, a p.m. 
Saturds., 10 a.m. 

15th. 

Every 3rd week 

Every 10 days 

Saturdays 

Sundays and 
luesda)'s 

Tuesdays & Fri- 
days, 6 p.m. 

zoth and 35th... 



Monds. & lliura. » 
May to Oct. 

llireu times a 
week 

zst, 8th, 1 6th, & 
34th, 10 a.m. 

izth,36ih,6p.nii., 
& Monds. & 
Thun., 6 p.m. 

and, a p.ni. ... 



Aspin., 

ftSanPna. 
Brindisi aod 

Corfu 
Gallipoli and 

Salonica 

OCIO .•• ••( M* 



Rettmo 
Corfu 



anal 



Malta. 
M< 



Ascenneo, 
SlH 

Sevastopol 
Kertch 






^^^^^^^^91 


Our Ocean Highways. clxxxix. 


LINES. 


ctioj 


Dales of Sailing 


tat Qui, 


D.«,„fD,pa.u„ 


Asoiuu 


l;««. 


,...,.!r,„.„ 


HqnKward- 


PomofDeuiiHflM. 


L OriCTUl 





;Cft0 


Founh Saiutday, 


H. M«i«. 


StMBlSbip 





i9S4 





F. H. Trounm, Uh(.. 
Siuaei-iireei, Sydocy. 


(auaShip 




iOlj 





., , .. 


Td-.... ;.. 


rritUyi, I p.m., ft 
'rhur«Jay«, 4 p.m. 


38 lU.. 


Monday^ U p. m. . „ 
Wcdn«day».4P-'B- 


<:. K- MulchiLh. 








II fln. 


Sundajsmp.in. 
SundBin. S^ni. ... 


" 


'■ 


Mondit-n, Bp.m,, ft 
M<.nd«,»,*p.m. ... 


S6fl„. 
38 Am. 

iiB 


Sundays 8 P.P.. -. 
Sunday!, I. p. m. 
WednodaTfciitLin. 






W«U/ 


i.. ■> S 


W«!ily 


Air. T^loo. 









d»y» 
4lh and I9tfa- 


A.(JBk. 







... 




e.n> N'j..;- 




jorblisot 


MondaimK Friday*, 









i6rl.K 


Th™*tim<2" week 










•^5 
1" 


nih. i«h. i«b, a 
WedileMtoyi a Sa- 


UuiUtu ud BiUM. 

P. T. Valdei, 






ZjSio 


"9lli - 


Jolly* Co. 



J^ 




cxc 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCBAN 



Pbrts of Destination 
and Call. 



Ocean Steam Linc<;. 



Ports of 
Departure. 



TAMPICO 

TANGIERS 

TARANTO 

TENEDOS 



fi 



■•• ••• 



TENERIFFE ... 

a£M k*£i ... ... ... 

THEODOSIA ... 



THORSHAVN ... 
(FAROK ISIJ).«;.) 

ff ••• ■>• ••• 



f» 



>•• «•• •■ 



TIBN-TSIN 

TOBAGO 

TOCOPILLA ... 

xUMK • 

TREBIZONDE ... 



»■ 



P» 



»t 



•■ ••• ••• 



•• ••• •• 



•• ••> ••• 



ff •■• ••• •■• 

TRIESTE 



»» 



■■ 



• • • • • 



•■• ••• 



West India and Pacific 

Steam Ship Co. 
Me^sageries Maritimes 



Messrs. Pcirano, Danovaro, 
& Co.'.s Steam I^ne 

AiLstrian Lloyd's Steam Navi- 
gation Co. 



African Steam Ship Co. 
Me&sageries Maritimes 



Russian Steam Navigation 
Co. 



Danish Royal ^fail .Steam 
.Ship Co. 



Shan^liai Steam Navigation 

Ct». 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Pacific .Steam Navigation Co. 



Russian Steam Navigation 

Ct>. 
Austrian LloydS 



>f 



Messageries Maritime^ 



Liverpool 
Marseilles 

Genoa 

Constantinople 
Alexandria ... 
Liverpool 
Algiers or Oran 
Odessa 



Dates of 

Sailing. 



XOCIl«*» ••• ••• 

Alt. Wednes- 
days^at^p.m.. 
from 3rd May 

Weekly 



Intermediale 
Fnrtt. 



■ • • •• 



Alt Thursdays, 

4 p.m. 
Ale. Tuesdays, 

4p.m. 
24th ... 



... ... 






• » 



t< 



"Anchor" Line 

Austrian Lloyd's 



ft 



... ... ..• 



..i ... ••• 



•> 



»t 



Copenhagen ... 

I^ith 

(Granton) 
Lerwick 

Shanghai 

Southampton ... 

Cullao 

Valparaiso 

Odessa 

Trieste 

Constantinople 

Marseilles 

Constantinople 

Glasgow 

Alexandria ... 

ConHtantinople 

Cattaro 

Durazxo 



Tuesdays and 
Wednesdays 

Mondays and 
Thursdays, 
April to Oct 

Once a month, 
during season 



.. ... 



t» 



Three times a 

week 
2nd & xyth ... 

nth & 36th, 6 

p.m. 
i&t, 8th, x6th, & 
24th, xo a.m. 
Saturdays 



Fridays, noon 
SatUTda)-s,5p.m. 

Weekly 

Fortnightly ... 
Sundajrs 

Saturdays, lo 
a.m. 

Sundays, 8 a.m. 
or Ap. I to Sep. 
w, at 6 a.m. 

Wednesdays, 6 
a.m.orAp.sto 
Sep. jo^Tuet- 
day», 6 a.ra. 



Oran... 

GallipoU 
Smyrna 



Mesaayerict 

Mari tunes 
Eopatora. Sc- 
vastopoOTaka 

Lcithcn-LenriA 



.•• •• 



••• ••• 



ConsiantiooplB 



laeboUft 

SOUB 

ConstantiMffe 



Corfu 



• » ••• Ml 



F 




iP^^^^^ 


STEAM LINES. 




C«.l»cli»B 
Siau Line 


DusofSulini 
fran. 


.BtEi. 


Daa of Depjrtim 


Aicntiil 
Pcni of DHtiBuisi 








J&fi 




D. Cimicho. 










Weekly. 


H^BmchlauJ. 




A....™. Uord'' 


Al<.FriJay^s>.lIl. 




Allttnate Sundiyi, 


C. Cenatlii. 




'• 


A.L^S..urf,,. , 


^., 1«6 


AIL VlSjay., . p,m. 


Bnice. H>miUoa,ai< 




„ „. „. ... 








P^ulDoumaiL 




Rdmu Slcun Navipi- 
lumCo. 




7rbk.5DC 


T-i«,w„k ... 


J. RnidwK 




Dunh Rofil M>il 


■ 




Three timet BHceL. 


B.J, GonloB. 








•75 


.,S4,6th. 3p.n.. 


Lean. jMi. & Co. 




Ranijui Stom Nivi- 
FiliKiCo. 





Sjrbls. 

.sasn. 


A.Mjch™ine. 
U. lUdegUa. 




Maagaits Muitifflsi 


W«kl, ... ' 


6,11a. 

£,6t6 


rr,?".': 


Uurenl RebauL 




AuitniQ Uoyd'n 


W«ln«»d»y> 

TwBd.r'. 4 P.O. ■•■ 


.3. flu- 
131 fln. 


Situidayi. midnight 
Tu«iUyi.i>.m.;ar 

^,*fhu'.^yi. ^s 


Had Office, Am 
Ll=rd'^ 




CXCll 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCBAH 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



TRIESTE 



>i 



»t 



t» 



>» 



i> 



»• ••• ••• 



■•• ••• 



•• •• • 



#•• ••■ 



•«• •*• ••• 



it 



» 



•• ••• •• 



V* 



p»^ ••• 



• •• •• • 



TRINIDAD 



fB 



••• •• 



TRIPOLI 

TRIPOLIS 



f > 



TULTSCHA 



i* 



91 



••• ••• ••• 



••• •■• ••• 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



Austrian Lloyd's 



tt 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Dates of 
Sailing. 



Fiume 



• • • •• 



f P ••• •■• ••• 

TUMACO 

TUMBES 

TUNIS 



I* 



*• 



» 



>t 



«■ ••• •• * 



I.. ••• •* 



»• • •• • 



••• .«■ ••• 



j» 



*f 



t* 



Burns and Mac Iver's Steam 

I^e 
J. Bibby, Sons& Co.'s Steam 

Line 
Messrs. V^son's Steam Line 

Compagnie G^n6ale Trans- 

atlantique 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 

Morocco Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Mcssageries Maritimes 

Rus<iian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Austrian Lloyd's 



»* 



Messageries Maritimes 

Russian Steam Navigation 

Co. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



"Anchor** Line 

Messageries Maritimes 

J. and V. FI<mo and Co. ... 



Segna 

Prevcsa 

Smyrna 

Ravenna 

Venice 

Liverpool 



»> 



■ .• .. . 



XaUII.b* ... «•• 

St. Nazalre ... 
Southampton... 
Marseilles 



*. ... 



>» 



»» 



>f 



Odessa 

Constantinople 

Ibraila 

Marseilles 

Odessa 

Callao 



t» 



• • • •• 



Glasgow 

Marseilles 
Psleimo ... ... 

T rapain ... ... 

Fantellerui ... 



Wednesdays ft 
Sunds., 6 a.m. 
orAp.ztoSe]^ 

?>,Mondays& 
hds.pioa.ni. 
Tuesdays, 3 p.m. 

or Wednesds., 

2 p.m. 
Sundays, a p.m. 

orAp.i to Sep. 

30, Sundays, 6 

a.m. 
Saturdays,4 p.m. 

Satiuxlays,8a.m. 

Tues^ Thurs., 
& Saturdays, 
midnight 

Once a month... 

Fortnightly. 

H ft 



iDtmiMdMtt 
Patti. 






Corfu ■•• M. 



Brindin ... 



•• • •• • 



8th . 

and and 17th ... 

Fortnightly ... 

Saturdays 

Alt. Saturdays 

Saturdays, 4 p. m. 

Wednesdays, 3 

p.m. 
Saturdays, 5 p.m. 

Weekly 

loth, 6 p.m. ... 

10th and 95th, 

6 p.m. 
Monthly ... ... 



Fridays . 



i«* ••• 



AlL Wednes- 
days, 8 p.m. 
Alt Wednes- 

AIl ThucBdays, 
7 a.m. 



Alt. Sya. or 



} 



In sui 
G 

M< 



aatr 



Stoim 
TmpuB 



I 






■1 




^^^■1 


' ■ ■ 








bT£:am lines. 


f 


^z 


Date- of Scaling 

from 

Imermediile Fsrti. 


One 


Homeward. 


. r :* ■ 


'"■ " 




... 


5i.r.dayl.«a-'ti!'"' 
Mon-by...o..iB. 


H»,! Office, AuKri 
Uoyd'^ 




AiuUioa Lloyd's. 


P-m. 


" 










FriJayi, nfl.m. 


..3 lln. 


W^Z*,Z.m. 


.. 








X" 

sUfr.. 


Tueidayl, Thun- 
<by>, ind Salur- 






■" - 





£30 


SthandMlli 

Fottniehdy. 


F.J.Sw... 









£n" 


WeeUr 


I.[dore BbMtac. 




"stS"";*- 


Alt. Wediieid:iy< . . 


«jr!)R 


Alt Thundij^ „. 
Frid.y>. I p,<a. ... 


A-CaueflB. "'^ 




AuHriiiD Uoyd-i 


FridiT^SiLio. ... 




Mondari, 1 p.m. 


^ 






w-'Air 


£-^ts 


Monday. 










iC rbK 


W«Uy 


T. yuwforieh 









... 


,lXh.6p.m. 


C M. Cafldlo. 








ill .= 


.,lh, n«D 


J. Vicl BcUBB. 






W«lB«Uy, 


is .as 


Salmdiyi 


CibricI Voltnii. 




J.«dV.nono»Co. 




: : : 






Cacl'no Fedriui. 




CXCIV 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCBAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call 



TUnCORIN 



«•• ••• •■ 



VALENCIA 



■I ••# •• ••« 



t i ••• ••■ • ■ 



»9 



»f 



•VALPARAISO ... 



• . •*. 



*f 



f> 



f» 



Ocean Steam Line 



VANCOUVER'S 
ISLAND (VIC- 
TORIA 

VARNA ... 



••• ••• 



• • « •• • 



n 



VENICE 



»» 



ft •■ 



British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Ste.tm 
Navigation Co. 

Segovia, Cuadra, and Co.'s 
Steam line 



»» 



Messageries Maritimes 

Spanish Screw Steamers 
(R. Mac Andrew and Co., 
Agents, Lond. & Liverpool 
** »• 

Compagnie G^ncrale Trans- 

atuntique 
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. 



>t 



»» 



f • 



.« ■•■ 



»» 



VERA CRUZ 



Padfic Mail Steam Ship Co. 

North Pacific Transportation 
Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's 



*t 



Messageries Maritimes ... 
"Anchor" Line 
Austrian Lloyd's ... 



■•• •>• •• 



Ports of 
Departure. 



Bombay 

Southampton... 

Seville 

Marseilles 



• ■• •• 



• »• •■ 



Adriatico Oriental Steam 

Navintion Co. 
Messrs. v^ilson's Steamers ... 

Compagnie G^aAale Traas- 
atUntique 



Liverpool 

I^ndon 

St. Nazaire ... 
Callao ..^ ... 
Liverpool 

Panama 

New York 
San Francisco 

Trieste 



Constantinople 

Marseilles 

Glasgow 

Trieste ••• •.. 

Alexandria ... 

XaIUI ••• ••• ••• 

St. Naiaire ... 



Dates of 

Sailing. 



14th and aSth... 
Saturdays, a p.ni. 
Wednesdays ... 

Thursdays 
Temporarily 

Monthly. 



Three times a 
month. 

OLaX ••• ••• ••■ 

nth and 36th, 

6 p.m. 
13th and 39th 



zst, loth, and 

asth, 6 a.m. 
4th and 3oth ... 



Intemodiate 
Povt& 



AIez.p Soo^ ft 

BomfaAy 



suspended. 



AnuiwaU 



•ad 



Monthly ... 



Saturdays, a p. m. 



Mondays, Wed- 
nesdays, and 
Fridavs,4 p.m. 
Tuesdays at a 
p.m. in winter 

Satuxdsys,5p.m. 

Fortnightly ... 

Tuesd., Thurs., 
& Saturdays, 
at midnight 

Sundays, xa noon 

Fortnightly. 
Z4th ... 



VU BodflMU^ 
Lisbon, Rio de 

ianeiroL 
fonte Vi 



I'U 
and 



CoBstaatiaopli 



CoDSteBtlBflfll 



Brindisi ft 



• ■■ •■ 



* Connecdon at Panama (which see) trith the Ibllowiiv Steam Lines :— Thronsli &nH^ 
Co., I345.— Rojal Mail Steam Packet Ca, £i$ 7s. 6d.— West India ft Pacific Steam ShipGOb, fyt taiJ 



^I^^H^^H^^I 


■ Our Ocean Highways. ctt 


AM LINES. 


S<«m Line. 


Daits ot SailinB 

from 

Intirmedbile Psnt. 




Homciratd 


Peru of DnciiuUin* 


_. 





.£-s 




Df. Rud: 


a* iBdi. St<am 


MihiadiSih 

tifomtjy) 


/W 


""■Uy. 

Wcd«Hi>r>. 


Caruia.Br«di«nft( 


udiyxcSi^iD 







3rd. .wh. aid i^h. 


^^^ J 


fie Sum Nariip- 




lis 


Twi«an.on,h ... 


.. 


ind Pacific Slum 
rriffil.on Co. 





I.JO 


3rd and 17th. ip-m. 


.. 


TanLlojd'* 


Frid.,^ , p.B>. ... 
W«Lly 


tiBa. 

Cl7'S3 

£•6-6 


MondiyL WedBO- 
diTS, & Frldayl, 
8p-n..lTi.«d.r» 

Bp"™'.)""""-" 
d»yi, ft Fridays, 
8p.m.: Tueid>yi 

Wnkty 

Fortnighlly. 


E.Ti>iri. 


tdcsOHmtslSlun 
ansMioDCo. 





1.9.9 rn. 


Tisadayi, Thun- 
dayj, and Eainr- 


Set. Rub. 
Canpanr*! Office. Piu 



It TruBdiadqiK, ^tg n. 6d.— Kotlh CoMU Uoyd't, j^gi t«t. M.— Fuiic Md Stum SI 



r 




CXCVl 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCBAN 



Ports of Destination 
and Call. 



Ocean Steam Lines. 



VERA CRUZ 



»t 



■• ... •.• 



VIBORG 

(GULF OF FIN- 
LAND) 



■• • • •• 



VIGO 



• • ■ •• 



»i 



VIZAGAPATAM... 

yf ••• ••■ ••• 

V ^^X#^^ ■•• •■« ••• 



>• 



> • ••• 



«YOKOHAMA ... 



• « • • ■ 



• ■■ • • • 



If 
If 

9* 
ft 
** 
If 

ft 

ff 

ff •■• •»• ••• 

9f ••■ ••• »«• 



■ • • •# 



■ • * • ■ 



»• • •• • 



• • • • • 



Royal Mail Steam Ship Co.... 

West India and Pacific Steam 
Ship Co. 

Stockholm and St. Peters- 
burg Steam Ship Co. 



Spani.Oi Screw Steamers 
(R. Mac Andrew and Co., 
Agents, Lond. & Liverpool 



British India Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Peninsular & Oriental Steam 
Navigation Co. 

Austrian Lloyd's 

Marseillaise Steam Naviga- 
tion Co. 

Compagnie G^ndrale Trans- 
atlauttque 

Messageries Maritimes 



I North German IJoyd's 



Pacific Mail Steam Ship Co. 



•I 



Ports of 
Departure. 



n 



If 



Southampton... 

Liverpool 

Stockholm 

St. Petersburg 
London 

Liverpool 

Madras 

Southampton ... 
Constantinople 

wjrTSI ■•• ••• ••• 

Marseilles 

Sl Nazaire ... 

Marseilles 

Southampton ... 

New York 

Nagasaki 

San Francisco 



Dates of 

Sailing. 



Peninsular & Oriental Steam Southampton... 
Navigation Co. i 

,, ,1 I Brindisi 



Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. 



West India & Pacific Steam 
Ship Co. 



• • • ■• 



Suet... 
Southampton ... 

Liverpool 



and 

loth 

Weekly, in 
son 



lliree times a 
month. 

Monthly. 



Alt. Saturdays, 

2 p.m. 
Alt. Saturdays, 

4P.m. 
Alt. lliuTsdayf, 

noon 
xst, ixth, and 

9ist, 8 a.m. 

0%U ••• ••• ■•• 



Every 4th Sun- 
day, from 
14th May 

ZOUl ••■ ••■ ••■ 



4th and soth ... 
Fortnightly ... 

iSC ••■ ••• •■« 

Alt Saturdays, 

9 P>in.. from 

Feb. 4tli. 
Alt. Tuesdays, 

a a.m., from 

Feb. 14. 
Alt. Sundays, 8 

p.m. 
and and 17th ... 

5th and soth ... 






Alex., SiMl^ ft 
Madras 



AspimnDf Bif 
nana, and 




*• 



Sues 



*» ••• 



Aquawall. 
naam, Ik 
Fr 






ft 



* Connection at New York (wUch see) with European 5team{Luics, tlicnca bjr Allaatie tad 
Aspiawall ; Rail to Panama, and from thence by Pui£c if ail Steamer to Sen Fi 



IH^^^HI^^I 




Ca?- 0«wn Highways. 


cxcv 


l&H LINES. 


i[C««:iio« 


D«o of swung 
from 


mows 


Ho^ward. 


^r- 












a. _ 




i3B« 


>Qd .„ 


C.d<iM*rk«udCo. 


^ ... ^ ... 


- .. _. 


^•e 




Bttui«.MerttMimlC 


1 






w«kir, »,»««. 




r^-"~ 




£73 




Hy^pindC* .J 


~ 







Ah.trid.T., 4P-m. 


J. M^ridct ' 


" 




... 


All.Frid;.T..SP->»- 


.. 


-. - 





JSofn. 1 


F. Cakvu 


&cHaaiJie4uiiS)iip 


San Frandjco 

Efiy^lbSilunlir. 

(him »th May 


iss 


E™, «h TWay. 


FUificlUnSlmnSUi 
CO.-.A*™.. 


ficUiilSlnmStiip 


■3'h 


£s° 


Forniighlly. 


G. E. Lmc, 


IS^N*.?^""' 


AIL Sa^y>, gp.n>. 


.iiw 


All. SuDdiy. 


W. ILDalriiL 








£95 





.. 


..M«,s.««,si.;r 


i]lb and ijih. fnini 

frD"™FBKiig 




.9lH 

Mnd.. 


PuificMaUCo. 




CXCVllll 



Our Ocean Highways. 



OUR OCBAN 



Ports of Destination 


Ocean Steam Lines. 


Ports of 


Dates of 


loU^di-. 


and Call. 




Departure. 


Sailing. 


FMi. 


2Afi x£ ••• ••. ••• 


Austrian Lloyd's 


Trieste 


Tuesdays, 4 


Briadlri 








p.m. 






gf ••• ••• ••• 


f • f> 


Smyrna 


Saturdays, 4 
p.m. 


•■• ••• 




mAIxA ••• ••• ••. 


»» II 


Trieste 


Thursdays, 6 
a.m.; or April 
1 to Sep. 30, 
Thurs..5a.m. 


Potai-«« •■• ■•• 




•f •■« ••• ••■ 


II II 


■f »•■ ■■« 


Tucsds., 2 a.m., 
or noon April 


ff «•• ••« 1 




















I to Sep. 30 






yy ••• ••• ••> 


II ♦» 


•1 • 


Saturdays, noon 


yy ««• ••« 




ff ••• ••• ••• 


II >i 


Durazzo 


Wednesdays, 6 
a.m., or April 
T to Sep. 30, 
Tues., 6 a.m. 


- - 


1 


ft ••• *** ■■■ 


II M 


Prevesa 


Sunds., ap.m.; 
or April I to 


Corfu 




















Sep. 30, Sun- 












days, 6 a.m. 






^f •«• ■■■ •■• 


»• II 


Cattaro 


Sunds., 8 a.m., 
or 6 a.m. 
April X to 
Sep. 30 


••• aM 




pf ••• •■• •>• 


li fl 


Fiumc 


rridays, 7 a.m. 
from Oct. I 
to March 30 


Scgna ... ... 




If ••• ••• ••• 


II II 


ff ••• ••• 


Wednesdays, 6 
a.m., from 
April I to 
Sep. 30 







mSm 



R^^^^B^^K^S 


Our Ocean Higlmays. cxcix 


Mf UNSa 












^ 


DitnofS^ing 

fiom 

Intcmwduiw Pons. 


..™,«. 

■;■£: 


Dala of Departure 
Hom.«»«], 


Agenual 
ftwtsol Deninalion. 


I™. 


Fridayi, i p.171. ... 




Wednesday., Bin. 


Bufi-KCo. 






„ 


Sunday,. Kp.n>.... 


.. 


llnl.ioT<i'> - 


"t!U,;,-,;Z^ 




ISifE^' 


J. Barloli, 

■ 


La 






oiTuDdi.,ip,m, 


J 


■■ ■■. 


!5»liirft.-jp.m„or 
April. 10 Sep, JO, 

Suiutay^aiLm, 


": 


SUord!.. ; a.ln. « 
April. WS^, 30. 
Fridays, loim. 


1 


niaUoyd-s 


&.oM.,^SP,».« 




Suj5d=,j., „..«..« 











""SSi 




,ri*a Lloyds ... 


Friday,, ■ p.m. ... 




Moodayt, $a.Qi. ... 






cc Our Ocean Highways, 



FOREIGN STEAM SHIP COMPANIES. 



Adriatico-Oriental Steam Navigation Company. — London Agents. — 
Messrs. Lcbeau and Co., 6, Billiter-street, E.C. 

African Steam Ship Company. — Duncan Campbell, Esq., Secretary, 14, 
Leadenhall-strcct, K.C. 

Allen, Messrs. James and Alexander (Canada Line). — 70, Great Clyde- 
street, Glasgow. 

Antwerp Steam Ship Company (Baron Osy). — M. Vandcnbcrgh, Esq., and 
Managing Director, Antwerp. London Aoents. — Messrs. Simon and 
Lightly, 123, Fcnchurch-strcct, E.C. 

Atlantic Coast Steam Ship Company (Nc^v York and New Orleans). — 
New York. 

Austrian Lloyd's Steam Navigation Company. — Trieste. London 
Agents — Messrs. Hickie, Borman, and Co., 127, I^carlcnhall-street, E.C. 

Bremen, London, and Hull Steam Line. — Messrs. Phillips, Graves, 
Phillips, and Co., St. IXmstan's-housc, St. Dunstan's-hill, E.C. 

Bibby and Company (Mediterranean Line). — Liverpool. 

Bombay and Bengal Steam Navigation Company. — Messrs. Steams, 
Ilobarts, and Co., Managers, Calcutta. 

Bums and Mclver (Mediterranean Line). — r, Rumford-strect, Liverpool. 

Burrell and McLaren (Mediterranean Line). — 141, Buchanan-street, Glas- 
gow. 

Brindisi. — (See Adriatico-Oricntal). 

British India Steam Navigation Company. — Chief Office, 132, Strand, 
Calcutta. 

British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Company 
(Cunard Line). — Messrs. D. and C. Mclver, 8, Water-street, LivcrpooL 
London Agent. — Henry Boggs, Esq., 6, St. Helen's-place, E.C. 

Brownlow, Lumsden, and Co. (North Sea Steam Line). — Hull. 

Cape and Natal Steam Navigation Company (Limited). — Managers, 

Messrs. N. Griffiiths, Tate, and Co., East India-avenue, LeadenhaU-street, 

E.C. 
Clyde Steam Ship Company (Antwerp Line). — 2, Oswald-street, Glasgow'. 

Cape of Good Hope Steam Ship Company. — II. S. Mackenzie, Esq., 

Managing Director, 117, LeadenhaU-street, E.C. 
Carnegie, A. — Steamers to Malta, Syra, Constantinople, Galatz, andlbraiL — 

London Okkick. — 16, Bishopsgate-street-within, E.C. 
Compania de Navigacion a Vapor Italo-Plateuse. — Chief Office, Buenos 

Ayres, F. F. Cecchi, Esq., Managing Director. London Agency.— 

Messrs. C. De Murrcta and Co., 7, Adam's-court, Old Broad-street. 

Compagnie GeneraleTransatlantique. — 4, Rue de la Paix, Paris. London 
Agents. — Messrs. Stringer, Pembroke, and Co., 8, Austin-Friars, E.C. 

Compagnie Russe de Navigation a Vapeur et de Commerce. — 
Central Office. — Odessa, Rue I^nderon, maison propre. London 
Agency. — 39A, Graccchurch-strcet, E.C. 

Donaldson Brothers (Brazil and River Plate Line). — 67, Great Clyde-street, 
Glasgow. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Dunlciik Stetiin Packet Company, Dunkirk. — London AaE»rrs.~Mc$jn. 

Wtallierley, Mead, and llussey, 73. Great Tower-strefl, E.G. 
Gairisoa and Allen (New Votk mii Richmond Line). — 5, Bowling Crecn, 

New York, U.S.A. 
General Sleam Navieolion Company .—London Office.— 71, Lombaid- 

slrcel, E.C. Martin Pralt, Esq., Secretary. 
Great Eastern Railway Company's Steam Line (Belgium. Holland, and 

Germajiy). — S. Swarbrick, Esq., General Manager, Shoreditch Station, E.C, 
Green, Meaais. P. ft Co. — 140, Leadeohall-streel, and 31, Snmswick-streel, 

Blackwall, E.C. 
', Cuion Steam Ship Company.— Me«in. Culon and Co., 2j, Waler-slieel, 

Liveipool. LrjsDOS Agents, —Messis. A. S. Petrie and Co., 11, Old , 

BroaJ-streel, E.C. 
Handyside and Henderson (Meililercancan and North Sea. Lines). — 47, 

Union -street, Glasgow, 
Hong-kong, Canton, and Macao Steam Ship Company. — Hong-kong. 
Hull, Hamburg, Dunkirk, Antwerp, St. Petersburg, and Revel 

Steam Line. — Messns. Brownlow, Lunuden and Co., Hull. , 

Hull and Hapiburg Steam Line.^Meurs. Loflus, Glover nnd Co., liuU. 
Hull, St. Petersburg, Copenhagen, Konigsberg, Helaingfors, Revel 

(North Sea Line). -Lisbon, Aiorea, and Weal Coast of Africa (At- 
lantic Line). Mes5i5. Bailey and Lealhain, Hull. 
Hamburg and London .Steam Ship Company. — Messrs. Drotenvaux and 

Bieiniicr, 40, beeihing'lane, E.C. 
Hamburg -American Steam Ship Company. — Messrs. Smith, Sundius 

and Co., 17, Gracechurch-street, E.C. Also at Southampton and Plymouth. 
Hamburg, Harbourg, and Dunkirk Steam Ship Company — Messrs. 

Loftus, Giover a:id Co., Austrian .chambers, Hull. 
tnman Line, Liverpool, New York, and Philadelphia Steam Ship 

Company. — William Inman, Esq., 33, Water-street, Liverpool. London 

Agents.— Messrs. Eives and Allen, 61, King William-street, E.C. 
Langlands and Wilson (Brazil and River Plate line).— 88, Great Clyde* 

street, Glasgow. 
Leary, Meaars. and Company (New York and Charleston Steam Line). — New 

York. U.S.A. 
Liverpool and Australian Steam Ship Company.^Messrs. Gibbs, Bright 

and Co., i, North John-street, Liverpool. 
Liverpool, Antwerp, and Rotterdam. — Messrs. Wilson, Son, and Walter, 

30, Water-street, LiveipooL 
Liverpool, Brazil, and River Plate Steam Ship Company.— Messrs. 

Ijimport and Holt, 21, Water-street, Liverpool. 
London, Chatham, and Dover Railway Company's Steam Line (Paris, 

London, Brighton, and South Coast Railway).— J. S. Forbes, Esq., General 

Manager, Victoria Station, S.W. 
London and New York Steam Line, — A. G. Robinson, 30, Mark- 
lane, E.C. 
London and South-Westem Railway Company (Cherbourg, S(. Malo, 

and Havre, viA Southampton.) — Archibald Scott, Esq., General Manager, 

Waterloo Station, London. E. K. Corke, Esq., Railway Staticui, South- 



..y 




ccii Our Ocean Highways. 



Liverpool, Penang, Singapore, Hong-kong, and Shanghai Steam Line, 

viil Suez Canal. — Alfred Holt, Ksq., i, India-buildings, Liverpool, 

l-ONDON Agents. — Messrs. John Irvine and Sons, 19, Billiter-street, E.C. 
Liverpool and the East Steam Lines. — Messrs. Papayannie Brotherst 

Fenwick-chambers, Fcnwick-strcet, Liverpool. 
Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway Company's Steam 

Line. — Antwerp, Rotterdam, and Hambur{^, vid Grimsby. — R. J. Under- 

douii, Esq., General Manager, London-road Station, Manchester. 
Mac Andrew, Robert and Co. — (Spanish Screw Steam Line) Bond-court- 

chambcrs, Walbrook, E.C. LiVKRi'uoL Ac.ENTS. — MacAndrew and Ca, 

24, North John-street. 
Marc Fraissinet Pere et Fils. — (Mediterranean, India and China, viBi 

Suez Canal) — Office, 6, Place Royal e, Marseilles. 
Moss and Co.— (Mediterranean Line, India and China vi& Suez Canal). — 

Office, Liverpool. 
Macgregor, Donald R. — Rotterdam Line of Steamers, I^ith. 
Messageries Imperiales. — London Agkncy, 97, Cannon-street, E.C. 
Montreal Ocean Steam Line. — Messrs. Allan Brothers and Co., James- 

street, Liverpool. — London Agknts. — Messrs. Montgomerie and 

Greenhome, 17, Gracechurch-street, E.C. 

National Steam Ship Company (Limited). — S. Scanlan, Esq., Secretary, 
23, Water-street, Liveqiool. 

New York and Virginia Steam Ship Company. — Messrs. J. Heincken 
and Patmore, 115, Broadway, New York, U. S. A. Ix).ndo.>i Aoents. — 
Messrs. Mosses and Mitchell, 55, Gracechurch-street, E.C. Xew YoRK 
Manager, F. W. J. Hurst, Escj., 69, Broadway. 

North German Lloyd Steam Ship Company. — I^)NDc>n Ar.£NTs. — 

Messrs. Keller, Wallis and Postlethwaite, 16, and 17, Kin^r William-street, 

E.C, and Messrs. Phihps, Graves, Phillips and Co., St. Dunstan's-house, 

St. Dunstan's-hill, E.C. 
North Pacific Transportation Company, San Francisco. — London 

Agents. — Messrs. II. Starr and Co., 22, Mourgate-street, E.C. 
Netherlands India Steam Navigation Company (Limited). — R. H. 

Evans, Esij., ij, Austin- friars, E.C. 
Northern Brazil Mail Steamers. — (Liverpool, Lisbon, Peru, Manmhani« 

and Ceara Line). — Alfred Booth and Co., i, India-buildings, Liverpool. 
Netherlands Steam Ship Company. — Messrs. Phillips, Graves, Philips 

and Co., St. Dunstan's-house, St. Dunstan*s-hi]I, E.C. 
Oceanic Steam Navigation Company. — Messrs. Ismay, Invrie and Co.» 

10, W^ater-strcet, Liverpool. LoNDi^N Agents. — 7, East India-avenue, 

Lcadenhall-street, E.C. 
Old Dominion Steam Ship Company. — (New York, Norfolk, and 

Richmond Line). — N. L. McCrady Esq., Agent, 187, Greenwich-street, 

New York. 
Pacific Mail Steam Ship Company, New York. — London Agents.** 

Messrs. H. Starr & Co., 22, Moorgate-strect, E.C. 
Pacific Steam Navigation Company. — \V. J. Conlan, Esq., Secretary, 

8, Harrington-street, Liverpool London Agents. — Messrs. N. GriffitlUB 

Tate and Co., 4, East India-avenue, Leadenhall-street, £.C. 
Peninsular Line of Steamers. — (Lisbon, Oporto, Cadiz, Gibraltar and 

Malaga). — E. Grossos, Havre. 




Our Ocean Hfghways. cciii 



Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. — C. \V. IIowcII, 
Esq., Secretary, 122, Lcadenhall-strect, E.G. 

Peirano, Danovaro and Company. — (Meditennnean Line), Genoa. 

Portuguese and Spanish Steam Line. — John Hall, Jun., & Co., i. 

New Tx>ndon-strcct, E.C. 
Red Cross Line of Steam Packets (to India, vid Suez Canal). — Messrs. 

Alfred Laming & Co., 8, Lcadenhall-strect, London, E.G., Agents. 
Royal Mail Steam Packet Company. — ^J. M. Lloyd, Esn., Secretary, 

55, Mo<>rj;atc-strect, E.C. Captain J. II. Jelicoc, Superintenucnt, Canute- 

roarl, Southampton. 
Rubattino Steam Navigation Company. — (Jcnoa. London Acknts. — 

A. I-.aminjj and Co., 8, Lcadcnhall-strcct, E.C. 

Ryde Line of Mail Steamers. — (Rio Janeiro, Montevideo, and Hucnos 
Ayrcs, calling at Antwerp for Mails). — Messrs. Ryde and Co., 155, Een- 
church-strcct, E.C. 

Shanghai Steam Navigation Company. — Shanghai. 

Smith, Sundius and Company. — (Hi-monthly Constantinople line.) — 
London Okfick, 17, (Jraccchurch-strect, E.C. ; SouTiiAMrroN, 4, 
Oriental-place ; IM.y.molth. 

South Eastern Railway Company's Steam Line.— Paris. CiiiKi' Office. 

— Charinj^ Cross Railway Station. 

Star Line of Steamers. — Katlilione Brothers, and Company, Liverpool. 
L(>M>'»N A<;i.Nis. (;:ill)railli, StririL^cr, & Co., 8, Austin-Friars, K.C.'. 

Stockholm and St. Petersburg Steam Line. — Me-srs. OKnii and \Vri:;ht, 
Stockh«jhn. 

Sweden and Denmark Steam Linc-Mc^^^r-. l'hillii)s, dr.iWN, riiillij^s, 
and Co., St. J )im^lan's-house, St. I)unstan'<-hill, l'..C\, Aj^cnl^. 

Tigris and Euphrates Steam Navigation Company. -T. K. Lynch, 
Man.i^ini; I.>ircctor, 79, Ciii.at 'J^owci-strcil, ICC. 

Transatlantique Steam Ship Company (Anchor Line). —Mcssr>. Ilandy- 
*.idc ami Ih-ndcrM^n, 47, L'niun-strc(.'t, (i]a>L;o\v. 

Turner, Edwards, and Company (Molitcrrantan Lin«').— Bii-tcil. 

Tyne Steam Ship Company (Limited) (Antwi-rj*. Rnrtor-l.im. n.uv.l);iri; 
and C<iiH'nli.i^'ciij. Riih.inl Wclfiiril, IN].. Secretary. 7, <Juny, Ne\\\a^ile. 
I/).M)nN Af'.K.NF. -.Mfird T. Va-^-^, K-].. nerniita:;e Sleani-w harf, I'.C. 

Union Steam Ship Company (Limited), ^'hi>nl.l^ Hill, Iv^ij., Smulianip- 
ton. LoMxjN A<;kn r--. --^I^■^>^I'. I'aKi-ner an-l Morcei, 23, Lt-adcnliall- 
slreel, L.<". 

United States and Brazil Mail Steam Ship Company (St. Thonia^ Line) 

- - New ^<^rk. 

Wilson Line of Steamers (Druntheim, Stavangcr, I'lcrgrn, Christ iansand, 
(loHenlu.Tt^, St. reter.sburi^. Ri};a. Stettin. Dan/i}^, Sleditcriancan anil lilatk 
Sea). — Me-NsFS. Thomas \ViK<>n, Son^, and Co., Hull. 

West Hartlepool Steam Navigation Company (Hamburg and (i«iiten- 
bcrj; durini; sea-^un). -\V. J. \'«>uug, Kmj., Manaj^cr, West Hartlcp<H>l. 

West India and Pacific Steam Ship Company (Limited). -Arthur 11. 
Ktirwotvl, Ksrj., Managinj; 1 >irector, 'rcmple, Halc-strcet, Liverpoul, and 
117, Leadenhall-«;trcel, K.C. 




cciv Our Ocean Highways, 

DIPLOMATIC SERVICE OF THE UNITED 

STATES. 



Argentine Republic. — Robert C. Kirk, Min. Res. 

Austria.— John Jay, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. John F. Delaplaine, Scc- 

of I^. 
Belgium. — ^J. Russell Jones, Min. Res. 
Bolivia. — Leopold Markbreil, Min. Res. 
Brazil. — Henry T. Blow, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. 
Chili. — Joseph P. Root, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. 
China. — Frederick F. Low, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. S. W. Williams, Sec. 

of Leg. and In. 
Colombia. — S. A. Hurlbut, Min. Res. 
Costa Rica. — ^Jacob B. Blair, Min. Res. 
Denmark. — M. J. Cramer, Min. Res. 
Ecuador. — E. Rumscy Wing, Min. Res. 
France. — Elihu B. Washbume, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. Wickham HofTman, 

Sec. of Log. Frank Moore, Assist. Sec. of Leg. 
Great Britam. — Robert C. Schenk, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. Benjamin 

Moran, Sec. of Leg. E. S. Nadal, Assist. Sec. of Leg. 
Greece. — C. K. Tuckerman, Min. Res. 
Guatemala. — Silas A. Hudson, Min. Res. 
Hawaiian Islands. — Henry A. Peirce, Min. Res. 
Hayti. — E. I). Basset, Min. Res. and Con. Gen. 
Honduras. — Henry Baxter, Min. Res. 
Italy. — George P. Marsh, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. George W. Hurts, Sec. 

of Leg. 
Japan. — C. E. De Long, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. A. L. C. Portman, Sec 

of I-.eg. and In. 
Liberia. — ^J. W. Mason, Min. Res. and Con. Gen. 
Mexico. — Thomas H. Nelson, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. Porter C. Bliss, 

Sec. of I-^. 
Netherlands. — Charles T. Gorham, Min. Res. 
Nicaragua. — Charles N. Riotte, Min. Res. 
North German Union — Prussia. — George Bancroft, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. 

Alexander Bliss, Sec. of Leg. 
Paraguay and Uruguay, Peru. — ^John L. Stevens, Min. Res. Alvin P. 

Hovey, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. H. M. Brent, Sec of L^. 
Portugal. — Charles H. Lewis Min. Res. 
Russia. — Andrew G. Curtin, En. Ex. and Min. Plen. Eugene Schuyler, 

Sec. of Leg. 
Salvador.— A. T. A. Torbert, Min. Res. 

Spain. — D. E. Sickles, £n. Ex. and Min. Plen. Alvey A. Adee, Sec of Leg. 
Sweden and Norway.— C. C. Andrews, Min. Res, 
Switzerland. — Horace Rublee, Min. Res. 

Turkey. — WayneMcVeagh,Min. Res. J. P. Brown, Sec of Leg. and Drag*n 
Venezuela. — James R. Partridge, Min. Res. 




Buckingham G/t/e, •■■'■'•'■ 
' LONDON, S.W. 



The Burlington Hotel, 

Cork Street, 

BOND STREET, W. 



The Palace and Burlington Hotels' 
Company (Limited). 



***- 



■*4*- 



■*** 



***- 



■***■ 



-1^ 



BY SPECIAL APPOINTMENT 




TO THE ROYAL FAMILY. 



*** 






JOHN PARTON & SON 

41 & 43, 

Buckingham Palace Road^ ' ' 
PIMLICO, 

(Close to the BucMngham Felace Hotel), 

JLtnen aprapera.gittR flgercerg 

COSTUMIERS, 
FURRIERS, HABERDASHERS, &C. 

All Gimh inurkwd at Cash Prices. 



-J 





THE 

AACHEN, see 

AARHUUS.- 

Ludgate Hill Static 


PART m. 


Cross, 


G A Z ETTEE R. 

AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. 

-Route from London by rail. Victoi 
ms, 7.40 a-m., 8.35 p.m. Charing 



7.40 a-m., 8.4s p.m. Cannon-street Station 7.45 a.m, 8.50 p.m., 
via Dover, Ostend or Calais, Brussels, Cologne, Hanover and 
Hambut^ ; thence by rail vid Neumunster, Flensburg and Fred- 
erida (see pages Iv to Ixxii). 

A &ea-port of Denmark, chief (own of the diocese of Aarhuus, on the E. 
coast ofjutland and IS m. S.E. Viborg ; lat. $6' 11' N., Ion. lo° 16' E, Pop, 
tI,O0O. Cathedral of the 13th century, and the hnndsomest io Denmark ; 
pubLc library, museunt of antiquities. Chief articles of commerce : beer 
whisky, tohacco, and gloves. 

Hotel— Stadt Hamburg. 

T.M.— 5s. 

ABBEOKUTA. For Consul, &c. see TRIPOLI. 

ABBEVILLE.— Route from London by rail, Victoria and 
Ludgate Hill Stations, 7,40 a.m., 8,35 p.m. ; Charing Cross, 7.40 
a.m., 8,45 p.m. ; Cannon-street Station, 7,45 a.m., 8.50 p.m., t'/J 
Dover, Calais and Boulogne, or j'id Folkestone and Boulogne 
(see pages Iv to Ixxii). 

A sea-port of France, dep. Somme, on river Somme, formerly cap. oftheco. 
of Ponthieu, in I'icardy, 37 m. N. \V. Amiens, and on the rail between that 
city and Boulogne (chtmin de fir du Nsrd); lat 50° 7' N., Ion. 1° 50' E. 
Pop. 2D,ocx>. Chief buildings : line Gothic cathedral of St. WuUran, found- 
ling hospital, barracks. Manufactures: carpets, cotton, &c. 

Bank — Henri Gavelle 1 London correspondents, Mcssiv Herries, Farqu- 
har & Co., 16, St. Jamti's-street. (Circular nobs.) 

Hotel— De France. 

T.M.-3S. 4'1. 




Our Ocean Highways, 



ABBOTSFORD.— Route from London, by Scotch maU 
trains, see page liii, L. and N. W. 'Ry. (Euston Square), vi& 
Carlisle, to Melrose, 3 m. from Abbotsford ; Gt. N. Ry. vi& 
York. 

Scotland : the favourite residence of Sir Walter Scott, r. bank of Tweed, l| 
m. from its confluence with the Ettrick, 36 m. from Edinbui^h and 437 m. from 
London, by L. and N. W. Ry. The seat is the property of Hope Scott, Esq., 
Q.C. Carriages wait arrival of trains at nearest station, Melrose (which 
see). 

ABERDEEN. — Route from London, by Scotch mail trains, 
see page liii, L. & N. W. Ry. (Euston Station), vi& Carlisle. 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross) vid. York. 

A sea-port of Scotland, lying between the rivers Dee and Don, at their outlet 
into the North Sea, 94 m. N.N.E. Edinburgh, and distant 543J m. by rail from 
London ; lat. 57° 8' N., Ion. 2** $' W. Pop. (of pari, bor.) 73,800. Aberdeen 
consists of two })arts. Old and New ; the latter, which is by much the more ex- 
tensive, immediately adjoins the N. Bank of the Dee, and has many fine public 
erections (conspicuous amongst which are Mareschal College, tlie Trades' Hall, 
Advocates' Hall, the Old Cross, and numerous churches). Old Aberdeen, a 
mile to the northward (though now forming a continuous suburb of the nei^i- 
Iwuring city) adjoins the river Don, and includes King's College, the remains of 
ancient cathedral (now used as a parish church), and an old bridge which dates 
from the time of Robert Bruce and is celebrated in Scotch tradition. TTie 
two colleges together form the University of Aberdeen, which, jointly with 
Glasgow, returns a member to the H. of C. The city of Aberdeen also returns 
one mcmlicr. Aberdeen ranks fourth amongst the Scotch seaports, carrying on 
considerable trade in the export of manufactured goods, with live-stock, salmon, 
granite, &c., and importing wheat, flour, colonid produce, &c. In 1869 the 
number of vessels entered and cleared was 3,014, with a tonnage of 588,256. 

Members of Parliament — County Easty W. Dingwall Fordyce, Esq., (L), 
London residence, 70, Princes-gate, W. ; JfVj/, WUliam McCombie, Esq. (L), 
London residence, 1 1 1, Sloane-street, S.W. City^ Col. W. Sykes (L), London 
residence, 47, Albion-street, W. 

Consul (American) — See Glasgow. 

Bank — Bank of Scotland (Branch), J. A. Sinclair, manager ; London cor- 
respondent. Bank of Scotland, 43, Lothbury, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — ^J. Aiken, Jr., Esq. 

Steamers — See Local Steam Lines. 

Hotel— The Douglas ; the Adelphi. 

ABE RDOVEY.— Route from London by rail (Euston Sta- 
tion), via Crewe. Fares : 42s. 3d. ist d., 31s. 9d. and cL, 19s. 
3rd. cl. Also by Gt. W. Ry. (Paddington Station) vi& Shrews- 
bury ; fares as abm'c, 

A port and watering place on the W. coast of Wales, ca Merioneth, 00 
X. side of river Dovey, at its outlet into Cardigan bay ; lat. 52* 36' N., loo. 

4^ 3' W. 

Lloyd's Agent — Vacant 



ABERYSTWITH.— Route from London, No. i, by Gt 
W. Ry, {Paddington Station)6, 8, and 10 a.ni. ; 13.30,3.30, and 
6.20 p.m. Fares: 44s. ist c!., 32s, gd. and cl., 19s. Sjd. 3rd 
d. No. i, by London and N. W. Ry, (Euston Square) at 9 a.m. 
and 13 a.m. ; fares as ahaiie. 

A port and watering pisce of Wales, co. Canligan, at ihe joint out- 
let of (he Rheidol and ^^twilh rivers ; Ut. 51" 24* N., Ion. 4" fS W. Pop, 
5,641, lit harbour ig accessible 10 vcsscli trf 500 tons. The number of vessels 
entering and clearing the port in 1869 was 750, with a tonnage of 46,432. Im- 
portfi : timber, cool, and lime. Exports : lead, oak, barley, Sarnie], and 

Bank — Branch of National Prorincial Bank of Eaeland, David Jones, Esq., 
mang. 1 London correspondent. National ProTinciu Bank of England, ill, 
Bishopsgate-street-within, E. C. 

Lloyd's A^enl — Thomas Jours, Esq. 

Hotel— First-class family hotel, The Belle Vue RoyaJ, Jonathan Pc!I, pro- 

ABINGDON.— Route from London by Gt. W. Ry. (Pad- 
dington Station) 6, 8, 9,15, 10.15 ^-f- '• ^i 2-^°' 4-5*^7 5''°> ^""^ 
7 p.m. ; Siiuilays, 9 a.m., 2,30, and 7 p.m. ; Fares ; 103. lod. 1st 
cl., 8s. zd. 2nd e!., and 5s. 3rd d. 

A tovm and pari. bor. of England, co. Berks, 7 m. S.W. of Oxford and 60 
m. N.W. of London by G. W. Ky. ; on r. bank of river Thames ; lal. 51" 
41' N., Ion. 1° 16' W. Pop. S,68o. 

Members of Parliament — Coutiiy, Col. R. J. L. Lindsay (C); London 
residence, 2, Carlton -gardens, S.W. ; Richard Benyon, Esq. (C.), London 
residence, 17, Grosvenor-square, W. ; John Walter, Esq., (L.), 40, Up[ier 
Grosvenor-strecl, W. Town, Colonel Hon, C H, Lindsay (C), London resi- 
dence, 3, Rtanophe-streel, Mayfair. 

Bank-_London and County (Branch), J. P. Hammet, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent, I.ondon and County Bank, 21, Lombard.slreel, E.C. 

Hotel— Crown and Thistle. 

ABO (pronounced Obo). — Route from London : Sec Stock- 
holm, thence by steamer direct. See Tables, 

A sea-porl of European Russia, grand <!uchy Finland, on S.W. coast, at 

entrance of Gnlf of Bothnia, 170 m. N.K. Stockholm, and 280 ni. W. 

by N. of St. Petersburg ; lal. 60° 27' N., Ion. 32° 17" E. Pop. 18,400, It is 

a bishop'.s see, and was formerly the capital of Finland. Its harbour is good. 

Consul (British)— William Crighton, Esq. 

(American) 

■■ • ■■ d Co. 



ACAJUTLA.— For steamers see Table. 

A port of Ihe Republic of Salvador, Central America ; lal. 13' 39' N., Ion. 
89" 4S' W. ; 54 m. \V. by ,S. from the city of San Salvador, and 12 m. 
N.S. W. from Sonsonalc, of which il constitutes the port, and to which a railway 
smd telegraph are in process of construction. 




Our Ocean Highways. 



Consul (British) — See Guatemala. 

,, (American) — Sec San Salvador. 
Hotel — Cantabrice ; Proprietors, Messrs. Umiela and Ahuja. 
T. M. — I..ocaI to San Salvador, (28 m.) 50c. (2s.) every 10 words. 



ACAPULCO.— For steamers see Table. 

A sea-port of Mexico, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, 190 m. S.S.W. 
Mexico ; lat. 16" 50' N., Ion. 99** 52' W. Pop. 4,ocx>. The harbour, ad- 
mittedly the best on the Pacific, is easy of access and completely land-locked. 
Amongst the latest improvements are a waggon road and telegraph to the city 
of Mexico, about 300 miles distant by road, though less than two-thirds that 
distance in direct measure. The imports are principally cotton goods, hard- 
ware, wines, and liquors from Europe, and machinery, limiber, flour, &c. from 
the United States. The exports are cotton, hides and skins, logwood, cedar, 
palm leaves, fruit, pearl and pearl shells, silver ore, and coined silver. The 
trade is almost exclusively in foreign bottoms, the local shipping being confined 
to a few coasting schooners. 

Consul (American) — John A. Sutler, Jr., Rsq. 

Bank — Bank of London and South America (Branch) ; London correqxxi* 
dent. Bank of London and South America, 144, I^adenhall-street, E.G. 

Hotel — Ix>uisiana ; Proprietor, Madame Annetti Mansuit. 

ACCRAH. — For steamers see Tables. 

A sea-port of Western Africa, on the Gold Coast, 70 m. £. of Cape Coast 
Castle. The English, Dutch, and Danes have factories here. Fort St. James* 
the Eng. factory, is in lat. 5 * 31 ' N., Ion. o" 17 ' W. Gold-dust, ivory, gum, and 
palm oil are the chiefarticles of export ; cottons, earthenware, &c., are impcnted. 
Christ ianlx>rg, the Danish station, is to the £. of Fort St. James, the Dntdi 
factory being intermediate. 

Postal — ^I^etters from England under \ oz. 6d., i oz. is., registr. fee 4d.y 
newspapers id. 

Lloyd's Agent — Fretlerick Joel Crocker, Esq. 

ACRE, or ST JEAN D*ACRE (anct Accho, or Ptole- 
mais). — For route see Caipha; thence by horse 6 m. 

A sea- port of Syria, on the E. coast of the Mediterranean, 28 m. S. 
Tyre and 37 m. N. Jerusalem ; lat. 32* 48' N., Ion. 35* 2' E. Its fame in 
history — alike in the classical, mediaeval, and modem periods — is great, and 
it has undergone numerous sieges. Pop. about 10,000. 

Consul (British) — Moses d A. Fingi, Esq. 

ADALIAH. — Occasional communication by sailing vessel 

with the port of London. 

A sea-port of Turkey in Asia, on the S. coast of Asia Minor, and at the 
N.W. comer of an extensive gulf called by its name, lat. 36° 55 ' N., Ion. 30* 
47 ' E. Pop. about 8,000. The country around is veiy fertile, and produces 
large quantities of citrons and oranges. It is 1 50 m. S.W. Koniah and 270 m. 
S. by E. Constantinople. 

Consul (Vacant). 

T. M. from London 15s. 6d. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



ADELAIDE. — For steamers, viS King George's Sound, see 
Table. 

The ctpilol of the British colony of South Austmlio, ntar E, side of (>. of 
Si. VioccDt, upoa which, al a. distance of 7 m. N.W. of the city, is its port. 
Called by the same name. Adelaide lies on dthn- baak of the river Torrens, an 
nnimportant slreain, lat. 34" J^' S., Ion. 138* 40' E. Pop. 35,000. Port 
Adeliide, which is connected with the city by tsilwsy, has cansidtrable trade, 
its exports including wool (above io,odo,odo lbs. annaally), whest nltd other 
bread stuffs — principally to the nciEhbouring colonies^ with copper, &c. 
TTie Jiiirnl-burTa copper-mine — long superior to any other in the worki in 
anounl of produce (and recently te-opened after on interval of sevenl years], 
it loo in. N. of Adelaide ; it is now, however, of infoior importance to the 
Moontn anti others in the mining districts of Wallaroo, on the York peninsula, 
lying between St. Vincent anil Spencer Gulfs. 

Consular A^nl (American]— J. W. Smith, Esq. 

Bank — National Bank of Ausimlana, S, Tomkin-son, Esq., nung. ; 
London correspondent. National Bank of Australasia, 4, Thrcadneedte.streel. 

Lloyd's Agent — Elder, Smith, and Co. 

ADELSBERG. — Route from London by rail, Axed mail 
services, see pages Iv to 1 xxii, fia Dover and Ostend or Dover and 

Calais. Vienna. Grali, Marburg, and Laibach. 

\ I ■: ■ ! 1,1 (lllyii.in prov. of Austria), midwiy between Liiyliach 

;i' !j 47' N,, Ion. 14° 14' E. Top. I.SOO. It is noteworthy 

for its ma^ificent caves, found within the limestone rock of the Iltyrian Alps. 

Hotel— Ei^enbahn. 

T. M.— 6s. 

ADE N .—For steamers see Tables. 

A sea-port of Arabia, 1 18 m. E. theiitrails of Babebnandeb 1 lat. 12° 40' 
N., loiL 44° 57' E. Pop. 30,000, nine-tenths of them either Arabs or Somau- 
lics from the opposite coast of Africa, and conliniutlly changing. The present 
importance of Aden is entirely due to its position on the line of steam commu- 
nication between Europe and the East. It is a coabng station for the steamers 
of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Co. and for those of the 
Messageries Imperialcs. There is little or no local trade. Aden depends 
entirely for its supplies on the interior, as the adjacent country is utterly 

Postal— Letters from England to Aden, r'uf Marseilles under | 01. Is. id,, 
I 01. IS. id. ; newspapers not exceeding 4 oz. 3d. ; vii Southampton, under 
Joz. 9d., 1 01. IS. 6d. ; newspapers 2d. not exceeding 4 01. ; rqpstr. fee 4d. 

Ikink — Luke Thomas and Co. ; London correspondent, James Barlier, 
Son, and Co., 136, Leadcnhalt -street, tlC 

Clergvman (Protestant)— Kev. C. Kute, Chaplain to Her Majesty's Forces. 

Lloyd's Agent — William Henry Davies, Esq. 

Hotel- Prince of Wales. 

T, M. — Vid Malta, 34.S., rif Turkey, 2Ss. toil. 

ADRIANOPLE.— For route, see Burgas ; thence by sailing 
packet. 

A celebrated rtver-port of Turkey in Europe, prov. Roumelia, 135 m. X.W, 
Ctnutantinople; lat.4l°4l' N., Ion, 26* 13' L. Pop. 1 00^ 000. It is built iviihin 



Our Ocean Htg/nvays, 



a fine plain, on the banks of the river Maritza. Vast plantations of the mulberry 
tree have of late years been formed in the vicinity of Adrianople, and extensive 
cocooneries exist in this silk producing district, having yieldexl a value in 1 868 
of 12 millions of piastres ; most of the produce is exported raw, principally to 
France. The amount of grain exported, 1868, was 7,000,000 kilos, equal to 
875,000 cwt., value about ;f 1,000,000. 

Consul — ^John E. Blunt, Esq. 

Consular Agent (American)— T. E. Blunt, Esq. 

T. M.— 9s. 

AGEN. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover and Calais, Paris, Orleans, Vierron, Cha- 
teauroiix, Limoges, and Perigeux. 

A town of France, dep. Lot et Garonne, on r. bank of river Garonne, 73 m. 
S.E. of Bordeaux, lat. 44* 12', Ion. o" 37' E. Pop. 18,200. It lies on the 
line of railway between Bordeaux and Toulouse, and has a [college and public 
library, with some manufactures of sail-cloth, serges, cottons, &c 

Hotel — l)e France. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

AGRA. — Route from London, see Bombay 3 thence by Gt. 
In. P. Ry. and E. I. Rys. 

A city of Brit. India, N.W. prov. of Bengal presid., situated on r. bank of 
river Jumna, 783 m. N.W. Calcutta ; in lat. 27"^ 10' N., Ion. 78* 5' E. Pop. 
142,000. The civil and military cantonments are very extensive : the fort is of 
red sandstone. The bazaars are well filled, and there are several European 
and Parsee merchants having large establishments. 

Agra boasts of two buildings which are unparalleled for magnificent beauty. 
The one, the Taj Mehal, a mausoleum built in the 17th century by the Em- 
peror Shah Jehan in commemoration of his favourite queen, Noor lehan ; the 
other, the mausoleum built by the Emperor Jehangir, in memory of his father, 
Akbar the Great. 

Bank — Branch of Agra Bank (Limited), Thomas Bailey, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent, Head Office, Agra Bank, 35, Nicholas-lane, E.C. 
T. M.— 57s. 

AG RAM. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see page Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover and Ostend, or Dover and Calais ; 
Vienna (which see), Bruck, Gratz, Marburg and Zdkiny. 

A city of Austrian Croatia, near I. bank of riv. Save, 106 m. £. by N. of 
Trieste, Laybach lying on the route, which is by railway, the line running 
chiefly along the valley of the Save ; lat. 45° 51' N., Ion. i6' o' E. Pop. 
17,000. It has a cathedral and bishop's palace, with some manufactures of 
silk and porcelain, and trade in tobacco and honey. 

Hotel — Kaiser von Oesterreich. 

T. M. — 6s. 

AGUADILLA. — For steamers, see Porto Rico, thence by- 
local conveyance. 

A small sea-port of Spanish W. Indies, N.W. coast c^ island of Porto 



Our OceoH Highways. 



Bico ; lat. iS' stf N., Ion, 67° la' W. lis harbour has gpexl incliora(;e, and 
there is some trade in the export of tobacco and cofTee, 
Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Koppich and Co. 

AIDIN. — Route from London, see Smyrna; ihence by 
rail. 

A considerable inland towa of Turkey in Asia, prov. Anatolia, near the 
N. bank of river Marander, and 56 m. S.l£. of Smyrna, with which it is con- 
nected \p/ a line of railway, the first constructed in the Ottoman empire ; lat. 
37' 48' N. Ion, 17° 50" fc. Pop. about so.ooa Aidin n iuirountled by 
gardens and orchards. It has numerous ojid well filled baiiain, and is the 
entrepot of trade for an extensive district. 

Bonk — Branch of the Imperial Ottoman Bonk ; London cotiespoiident, 
The Imperin! Ottoman Bank, 4, Bank -buildings, Lodibuiy, E.C 
T. M.— 155. 6d. 

AIX (AquiE Sextitc). — Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages iv to bodi, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Lyons, 
Valence, Avignon, Rognac (junc). 

Dep. Bouches-du-Rhfine, France, 530 m. from Paris, on the Paris and 
Mediterranean railway, 40 m. S.W. Avignon ; lat. 43" 30' N., Ion. 5° 25' E. 
Pop. 28,100. It is an ancient .ind h.tndsome town, the sue of an archhi.-iop, 
and is celebrated for its hul mineml springs. Principal buildings : cathedral, 
town hall, museum, &c. 

Bank — Messrs. Cremieu, Milniud, and Laroqne 
Messrs. Herries, Farquhar aiid Ca, 16, St. Jamcs's- 

Hc^el — De« Princes. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

AIX-LA-CHAPELLE (or AACHEN).— Route from 
London by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover 
and Calais, or Dover, OsCend, Brussels, Verviers. 

A city of Prussian Germany, prov. Rhine ; laL 50" 46' N., Ion. 6° 5' E. 
Pop. 6S,00o. It is delightfully situated in a valley surrounded by mountains, 
17 m. N. Limburg and 13 m. N.E. Liege, on the railway betivcen the hirer 
place and Cologne, from which it is distant 40 m. It has become famous 
through its mineral waters, and was once the residence of the Emperor Charle- 
magne, who-e remains lie interred in the church of Notre Dame. There arc 
several important factories in the vicinity ; the Aix-la-Chapelle needles have a 
continental reputation. 

Clergynuui — Rev. Charles F. J. de Coetlogon. 

Bank — Messrs. Chartier and Schreiber ; Ij>ndon correspondent. The 
National Bank, 13, OU Broad-street, E.C. (Circular not fi.) 

Hotel— Neul lens. 

T. M.— 6s. 

AIX-LES-BAINS.— Route from London by rail, fixed 
mail services, see page Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Slacon, 
Amberieu, andCuloz, 

An inland watering place of France, dep. Savoy, situated 8 m. N. of 
Chambery, near the E. shore of the lake of Bouiget ; lat. 45' 42' N., Ion. 5* 



8 Our Ocean HtgJwoays. 



55' E. It has hot, aluminous and sulphureous springs, and Is much frequented 
during the summer months. Pop. 4,430. 

Clergymen (Protestant) — Rev. R. A. Bloomfield, M.A. ; Rev. R. H. 
Warner, M.A. ; Rev. H. C. Corry, M.A. ; Rev. J. B. Gordon, M.A. 

Bank — Messrs. Jules Tocanier et Cie ; London correspondent, The 
National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular notes.) 

Hotel — Grand Hotel dc I'Europe. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

AJACCIO. — Route from London, see Marseilles ; thence by 

steamers of Marc Fraissinet, p^re et fils, leave Marseilles for 

Ajaccio every Sunday, 9 a.m. Steamers leave Ajaccio for Nice, 

calling at Bastia, Saturdays, 7 p.m. ; returning every Wednesday, 

7 p.m. See Tables. 

A sea-port of Corsica, on the gulf called by its name ; lal. 48° 54' N., loo. 
8® 44' E. Pop. 14,600. It is chiefly notable as the birth-place of Napoleon 
I. , in 1 7C9, and contains numerous memorials of the Buonaparte family. The 
climate of Ajaccio is healthy between the months of November and June, bnt 
other\vise during the summer months, when malaria prevails. The trade of 
Corsica has been paralyzed for some years by the failure of her harvests. The 
shipments of timber, resin, turpentine, charcoal, &c., the produce of the forests^ 
have become the chief source of income. 

Clergj-man (Protestant) — Rev. C. W. Clewc, M.A. 

Consul (British) — ]. N. G. Auglin, Esq. 

T. M. — 4s. 2d. 

AKYAB. — Route from London see Calcutta, thence by 
British India Steam Navigation Company's steamers. 

A sea-port of India, gov. British Burmah, prov. Arracan ; lat. 20* 8' 24" 
N., Ion. 92** 54' E. Pop. 10,000. The harbour has good and safe anchorage: 
The commerce of Akyab is steadilv increasing, and promises to become of 
great importance, especially as regards its shipments of rice to various ports in 
the East, to Europe, and to America. 

Consul (Amencan) — ^James Dickie, Esq. 

Bank — Chartered Bank of India, Australia, and China (Branch) ; London 
correspondent. Chartered Bank of India, Australia, and China, liatton-comt^ 
Threadneedlc-street. 

Lloyd's Agents — Messrs. Bullock Brothers and Co. 

T. M.— 61S. 

ALAIS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
pages 1 v to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, Fontainebleau, Nevers, St 
Germain, d. P\ 

A town in S. of France, dep. Card, on the river Gardon (an affluent of the 
Rhone), lying 23 m. N.W. of Nismcs; lat 44*8' N., Ion. 4" 3' E, 
Pop. 19,900. It has iron and other hardware manufactures (due to the 
mineral wealth of the adjacent country), as well as those of ribbon, sei;ge, 
leather, &c. 

Hotel— Lion d*Or. 

T. M. — 3s. 4d. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



ALBANY, U.S.— Route from I^ndon.see New York, thence 
by train for Albany via Haarlem and Hudson River railways every 
hour. The steamers down the Hudson leave Albany at 7.30 a.in. 
and 8 p.m. 

Capital at New York, on the W. bank oT the Hml&an, 154 n. N. New 
York ; kt. 43 ° 30' N., Ion. 74° W. Pop. 70,000. Se™ from the river, the 
ciljr \a^ B VC17 fine nppcBi^nce. It raxi. giaduaJlir from a low ini! flat shote to 
an devalion of more than loo n., on which litands the state capiloL Besides 
it, the city hall, stale house, cathedral, church of St. Joseph, sulc arsenal, 
penitential, and hospital, are the most prominent buildmes. The &late library, 
the Dudley observatory, univeiaity, Alrany iniititute, and orphan atyluin, are 
the most Qotewotlhy puMic inslilutions. 

Hotel— The Delevui House. 

T. M.— 315. &I. 

ALBANY (Australia, Port and Island). — Route from LondOD 
see Batavia, thence by local steam ■ 



ALBANY (S. W. Australia).— See KING GEORGE'S 
SOUND. 

ALBY. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Orleans, Bordeaux, 
Langon, Agen, Touiouse, and Castelnaudary. 

An inland town of France, dep. Tarn, situated on S. bank of river Tarn, 
41 ra. N.E. of Toulouse, lal. 43° SS' N., Ion. 1° 9' E. Pop. 16,600. Il is 
an archbishop's see, and has a cathedral, tiesides some manufactures of linen 
clolhs, &c. rhe Albigenses, whose cruel persecution disgraces the records of 
the lath and 13th centuries, derive their name thence. 

Hotel— De L' Europe. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

ALDBOROUGH.— Route from London by Gt. E. Ry. 

(Shoreditch Station), 11.45 a-m ; 4.25 p.m.; via Ipswich. 
Fares : zos. 4d. 1st cL, 16s. id. znd cl., izs. 3rd. cl. 

An EnElish sea-port and bathing place, on the E. Coa.st of Suffolk, adjoin- 
ing Ihe estuary of the river Aide, lal. <il° 9' N., Ion. 1° 36' E. I'op. 1,710. 
]t is connected (by way of Leiston and Saxmundham) with the line of the lila^t 
Suffolk railway. Il was Ihe birth-place and residence of ihe poet Ciabbc. 

Bank — Messrs Gumey and Co. ; London correspondent, Messrs. BarcUy, 
Bevan, Trilton, Twells, and Co., 54, Lombard -street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— Newson Garrett, Ksq, 

Hotel- While Lion. 

ALDBOROUGH (Yorkshire).— Route from London see 
York ; thence by onmibus. 




lo Our Ocean HigJpways. 

An ancient and decayed town of England, W. Riding Yorkshire, near 
r. bank of river Ure, or Yore, 14 m. N.W. of York ; lat. 54* 5' N., Ion. 
0° 23' W. Pop. 2,279. 

ALDERNEY.— Route from London by L. and S. W. 
Ry. (Waterloo Station), to Southampton, which see ; thence by 
steamer daily, except Sundays, to Guernsey, Avhich see ; thence by 
the steamer " Queen of the Isle," to Aldemey three times a 
week. 

An island in the English Channel, off the coast of Normandy, and separated 
from it by the Race of Aldemey ; lat. (of St. Anne) 49** 42' N., Ion. 2* 12' 
W. Pop. 5,000. The Caskets, a dangerous group of rocks, lie a shozt 
distance W. of Aldemey ; a lighthouse has been erected on the highest, in 
lat. 49'' 43' N., Ion. 2** 22' W. 

Lloyd's Agent — Thomas Nicholas Burbenson, Esq. 

Hotel— Pratt's. 

T. M.— IS. 

ALDER SHOT.— Rail from London (Charing Cross Sta- 
tion), 6, 9.30, and 11.5 a.m. ; 2.25, and 6.10 p.m.; Sundays, 
7.20 a.m., and 6.3 p.m. ; fares : 5s. ist cl., 3s. 6d. 2nd cl., 2S. 6d. 
3rd cl. ', or from Waterloo Station to North Camp and Aldershot 

A town and military camp, in England, co. Hants, 51 m. from London. 
Bank — Branch of London and County Bank ; H. Gougon, Esq., rnang. ; 
London correspondent, Ix)ndon and County Bank, 21, Lombard-streeL 
Hotel — The Imperial. 

ALENCON. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, and Le Mans 
(June). 

A city of France, dep. Ome, on the river Sarthc, 27 m. N. of Mans, on the 
railway between that town and Caen ; lat. 48" 24' N., Ion. o* 5' E. Pop. 
16,000. Its principal buildings are the cathedral, hotel de ville, theatre, hos* 
pital, &c. It possesses some very important manufactures of cotton and 
muslins ; and the lace, of European reputation, called " Point d'Alenfon," is 
made here. 

Hotel— I^ Grand Cerf. 
T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

ALEPPO. — For steamers, see Alexandretta ; thence by 
horse. 

An inland city of Syria, in Asiatic Turkey, on the Kuweik, 170 m. N.E. 
Damascus, and 70 m. E. Alexandretta, its port (which see) ; Ut. 36* li'aS* 
N., Ion. 37** 10' E. Pop. ioo,oco. It Is the great emporium and centre of 
Ottoman commerce, from whence European goods find their way by caravan to 
all parts of the interior of India and Persia. Aleppo is built upon the sl<me of 
some hills in the centre of a pleasant plain, the castle standing on the hignestt 
and commanding the city. Good water is plentiful, brought by means of an 
aqueduct, built by the Empress Helena, from springs about 6 m. distant The 
commerce of Aleppo is considerable, especially in silks, camlets, ^fM and 
silver tissues, of which there are seveial manufactories. Recent reports on the 



e of Aleppo nre Jiiicoiiraging. The want of proper roads rendeis 
baosport expensive, so that the mcrclianl cannot eiiport sny cereaJs (mm this 
port wilh piolil. Only 17,000 bale: of British goads were imported here 
fluiing the year 1868, while in previous yeare the amount was tvrice as great. 
The people are poor and overtaxed ; they cannot afford luxuries, and but very 
little sugar or tea is imported. Of wool, only 33,000 boles were shipped in 
186S against 35,000 in prerious years. This is altributablc to the inercawd 
impOTtalion of Australian wool. Of cnll-nuts, which were formerly eiportal 
in) lai^ quanllties from this port, only 5,000 sacks were exported to Liver- 
pool and Marseilles, the chemical invcatioos for dyeing having lessened Ifae 
demand for gall-nuts, of which in former years ii.ooo sacks were exported. 

Poslal. — 'Letters from England to Aleppo, iid Marseilles, under i 01. 6d., 
4 IK. IS., 1 02. IS. 6d., I 01. IS., registr. fee none, newspapers zd. 

Consul (Britiih)— James Henry Skene, Esq. 

„ {American) — I. de Picciotti, Esq. 
Lloyd's Agent — James Hcniy Skene, Esq. 
T. M.— 159. 6d. 

ALESSANDRIA.— Route from London, see Turin. 

A city and fortress of N. Ilily, on the Tinaro, 15 m. N,W. Genoa, on the 
railway between that city and Turin ; lat. 44° 54 N., Ion. 8' 38' E. Pop. 
27,000. It is n bishop's see, and the Duonio is a very richly decorated and 
handsome church. The fortress is one of the strongest in Italy. THe battle uC 
Marengo was fought, on lOth June, iSoo, near a village distant 2 m. from 
Alessandria. There nre a few manu^tures of silk and woollen goods and 
coarse linen. At the exhibition of Italian wines, held at Alessandria in Nov., 
1867, the wines grown in the district surrounding (he city carried off the highest 
prizes for Italian wines. 

Hotel— L'Univers. 

T. M.— 7s. 6d. 

ALEXANDRETTA, or ISKANDEROON (Scande- 
roon), — Route from London by rail, see Marseilles ; thence by 
steamer, see Tables. 

A se.i-port of Syria, on the E. coast of the bay of same name, 13 in. N. 
Antioch ; lat. 36° 5' N., Ion. 36° 15' E. Pop. 5,000. It is the porlof Alepjio 

Consular Agent (American) — L. Lombroso, Esq. 

ALEXANDERSBAD.— Route from London, see Eat- 
reuth, thence by carriage. 

A village and bathing place of Bavaria (Germany), situated on the E. slope 
of the Fichtel Gebirge, 19 m. N.E. of Baireuth ; lat. 50° i' N., Ion. la" a' t. 
It has chalybeate and saline waters. 

ALEXANDRIA.— For steamers see Tables. 

A sea-port and city of Egypt, distant about 131 m. by rail from Cairo ; 
lat. 31° 11 31" N., Ion. 19° 5 E. Pop. about 250,000. The new city of Alci 



in every way uneaslem in its appearance, the European element 
having well-nigh submerged every remnant of ancient and local tradition. 
The English church, a plain but commodious edifice, occupies one of the 
extremilics of the great square. The roads round the city, especially that lo 
Ramlch, are planted with trees ; and some of the villa residences in the vicinity 




12 Our Ocean Highways, 



are handsome edifices, constructed with every modern European appliance, to 
ensure both luxury and comfort. Attention has ktely been given to the paving 
and drainage of the city, and the harbour is in process of improvement — new 
quays and a breakwater having been commenced. The Mahmoudieh canal, 
connecting Alexandria with the Nile, still serves to supplement the Cairo rail- 
way. A contract has recently been entered into to clean it thoroughly, and to 
give it an uniform depth of lo ft. at low Nile. The total number of vessels of 
all nations which arrived in 1 869 at Alexandria was 2,855, ^^ 1*263,444 tons. The 
number of vessels leaving during the same year was 2,870, with a tonnage of 
602,569. The total value of the exports was ;f8, 749, 900— considerably below 
the amount reached in the preceding year, a result attributed to heavy taxation, 
combined with want of labour and the low Nile of 1868. The export of cotton 
during 1869 amounted to 138,700,000 lbs. in weight, valued at ^6,200,000^ of 
which 94,000,000 lbs. were sent to Britain. {Consular Reftori^ 1871). 

Postal — Letters from England to Alexandria, viA Marseilles, not exceeding 
\ oz. 8d., from \ to I oz. is. 4d., from I oz. to 1 4 oz. 2s. ; newspapers 2d. 
not exceeding 4 oz. Via Southampton, not over \ oz. 6d., from \ oz. to I oz. 
Is. ; from I oz. to it oz, is. 6d. ; registr. fee 4d ; newspapers id. not exceed- 
ing 4 oz. Via Belgium and Trieste, not exceeding \ oz. 6d., from i oz. to I 
oz. is., from i oz. to \\oz. is. 6d. ; newspapers 5d. not exceeding 4 02. Vtd 
France and Trieste, not exceeding f oz. 8d., from \ oz. to I oz. is. 4d., from 
I oz. to I \ oz. 2s. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers 3d. not exceeding 4 ox. 

Money of all nations is current at Alexandria. The sovereign is worth 
from 97 to 98 piastres. A piastre is equal to 40 paras, or 2|d. The Egyptian 
sovereign is worth ;f I is. 

Consul General (British) — Col. E. Stanton, CB. 

Consul — George E. Stanley. 

Vice Consul — Henry Hunter Calvert, Esq. 

Consul General (American) — G. H. Butler, Esq. 

Consul — ,, 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. E. T. Davis. 

Bank — Bank of Egypt (Branch) ; I^ondon corresi>ondent. Bank of Egypt, 
26, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Tod, Rathlx>ne, and Co. 

Hotel — Abl)att's. Proprietor, C. Abljatt. 

T. M.— ;f I 8s. 6(L 

ALEXANDROVSK, (Amour River; lat. 51^ 29 'N.Jon- 
140^ 45 ' K). — Route, see steamer to Shanghai, thence by local 
steam line. 

Lloyd's Agent — Otto Eschc, Esq. 

ALEXANDROVSK, (Russia in Europe).— Route from 
I^ndon by rail, fixed mail ser\'ices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, 
Ostend, or Calais, Brussels, Cologne, Frankfort-on-the-Odcr, 
Brombcrg, Thorn, Alexandrowo, Dunaburg, St. Petersburg; 
thence by local conveyance. 

An inland port of Russia in Europe, gov. lekaterinoslav, situated on 1. billk 
of river Dnieper, 48 m. S. of the city of lekaterinoslav ; lat 47* 49' N., Ion. 
35** 12' E. It is fortified, and enjoys comuderable transit trade between the 
Black Sea and the interior. Pop. 4,440. 

T. M.— los. 



ALEXANDRO'WO.— Route from Ijindon by rail, fixed 
'mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Ostend, or Calais, 
Brussels, Cologne, Berlin, Fran kfort-on-the- Oder, Bromberg, and 
Thom {Prussian frontier). 

A smaJl town of Russian PolanJ, 60 m, W. of Warsaw. Pop. 3,7C». 
Travellers entering or leaving the Ru»ian dominion are here obliged to have 
Iheir passports examined and v'aid. 

r. M.-los. 

ALGESIRAS. — Route from London, see Gibraltar, thence 
by steam-ferry, Dis, 5 m. 

A sea-port of Spain, Andalusia, situated on the bay oT Gibraltar, and 6 m. 
W. o( it ! lal. 36'' 8' N., Ion. S' 't VT. Pop, ii,ocx>. The police of the 
Alcalde and the military hospital are the only edifices worthy of note. Tlie 
horboar is good and much frequented, 

Coasul (British)— George K. Glynn, E-^q. 

Consular Agent (American) — H. Spragiie, Esq. 

T. M.— 7s. 

ALGIERS. — Route from London, see Marseilles, thence by 
steamer, see Table. 

A sra-pon and tap. of the ru-iiLli i..j-e"ioii- in Afiia, on tlie MtiliH-r- 
ranean; lat. 36* 4/ N., Ion. 3° 5' K. Pop. 80,000. It lies on (he slope of a 
■nountun, in the fonn of an amphitheatre, headed by a castle, and has a very 
fine appearance from the sea. 

French occupation has effected a complete change in the appearance of 
Algiers. The old Moorish town is being rapidly destroyed and b, replaced by 
European structures, which stretch far into the adjacent country. A fine boule- 
vard along the sea is approaching completion. The neiehbouring rides and 
drives are very beautiful, and (he roads (all the work of the French army) ex- 
cellent. The climale is warm and dry— the breezes which nearly always blow, 
either from the sea or the adjacent Atlas mountains, producing an eihdarating 
effect. The imports, consisting principally of spirits and wine, cotton manu- 
factures, com, timber, building materials, &c., have reached the figure of 
200,000,000 fr. annually, against 5,000,000 fr. in 183O ; the exports, mostly 
raw wool, cotton, tobacco, oil, hides, bones, &c., to 100,000,000 fr., against 
1,000.000 fr. in 1830. France supplies 90 per cent, of all the wants of her 
colony with her own ships. Tlie manufactures consist chiefly of silk Muffs, 
woollen cloths, carpels, jewellery, &c. The raarkels are well provided iiilh 
meat, vegetables, and fruil. 

Consul General (British)— Ll. Co!. R. L. Playfair. 

Vice Consul „ Thomas J. Elmore, Esq. 

Consul (American)— W, L. M. Burger, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ R. L. Plajffair, Esq. 

Bank — Messrs. E. Rey and Co. ; London correspondent, Tlie National 
Rank. 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular noles.) 

Lloyd's Agent — Auguitin Vincent Jcmel, Esq. 



ALGOA BAY.— For steamers, see Tables, 

An inlet of the Cape Colony, between Capes Recife and Padro 




14 Our Ocean Highways. 



E. Cape of Good Hope. Port Elizabeth (which see) is the principal shipping 
port on its shores. 

Consular Agent (American) — J. L. Flanders, Esq. 

Bank — London and South African (branch), W, Wood, Esq., mang. ; 
]x>ndon correspondent, London and South African Bank, lO, King William- 
street, E.C. 

Hotel — The Phoenix. Proprietor M. Dreyer. 

T. M. — Ixjcal to Cape, and thence by steamer ; cost, 20 words, I2s. 6d., or 
postal rates, see Cape Town. 

ALICANTE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vici Dover, Calais, Paris, Tours, Poitiers, 
Bordeaux, Bayonne, Irun, Miranda, Madrid, Castillejo, Alcazar, 
Almausa. For steamers direct, see Tables. 

A sea-port and city of Spain, on bay of same name, 37 m. N.E. Murcia, is 
the south-easterly terminus of the Madrid railway, and communicates, r*f 
Almanza junction, with Valencia ; lat. 38** 21' N., Ion. o* 27' W. Pop. about 
32,000. The harbour is one of the Ixist on the coast of Spain, and is strongly 
forti fieri. The exportation of esparto-grass, chiefly to England, has largely 
incrcaswl, more than 10,000 toas having been shipped here last year. The 
avcraj^e price of this article is, acconling to the latest official consular returns, 
£\ per ton. Wine to foreign countries has l)een exported from Alicante to the 
amount of 2,500,000 gallons during last year, the average price, free on board, 
being Sd. per gallon, exclusive of casks, and of the brandy used to reinforce the 
wine for exj^ortation. The bulk of the wine goes to France, Italy, and Cuba. 
The works for enlarging and deepening the harbour are now finished, and ves- 
sels of the largest si/e may discharge in the port. The exports for 1869 
amouTiittl in value to <;f53^563 and the imports to ;fii6,l56. 

Consul (British) — Colonel Barrie. 

,, (American) — William L. Giro, Esq. 

Bank — Messrs. Jaspar White and Co. ; Ix)ndon correspondent, Messrs. 
llerries, Farquhar and Co., 16, St. James's-street, S.W. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Carey and Co. 

Hotel — Del Vapor. Proprietor, Juan del Dagnino. 

T. M.— 7s. 

ALLAHABAD. — Route from London, see Calcutta; thence 
by Gt. E. I. Ry, ; distance 630 m. 

An ancient city of British India, cap. N.W. provinces, near the confluence 
of the (Ganges and the Jumna ; lat. 22 22' N., Ion, 81" 50' E. Pop. Io6,00a 
It is a chief station on the great East India railway from Calcutta to Delhi, 
630 ni. from the former, and 389 m. by rail from the latter place. 

Bank — Bank of Bengal ; London correspondent, the Delhi and London 
Bank, 76, King William-street, E.C. 

T. M.— 57s. 

ALLEVARD. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Lyons, St Raxn- 
bert, Grenoble, thence by diligence. 

A village and inland bathing place of France, dep. Isire, 43 m. N.E. 
(irenoble, situated ^-ithin a hilly region (an outlying portion of the Savojaid 
Alps), 900 feet above the valley of the river Iscre ; lat. 45* 23' N,, Ion. 6* 4' 




E. It has sulphureous and olher apruiEs, and there are iron wotLs in the 

Hotel— Du Louvie. 
T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

ALLOA. — Route from London, by Scotch mail trains, see 
page liii, London and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vi& Carlisle; 
Gt N. Ry. (King's Cross), viA York. 

A sea-port of Scotland, co. Clackmamian, on Stirling imd DiinfenDlinc 
TBilway, near head of Firth of Forth, JJ m. W.N.W. Edintmrgb, and 424 m, 
from London by Gt. N. Ry. ; lat 56° 7' N., Ion. 3° 4/ W. Pop. 6,40a 
819 vesKls of 132,404 Ions burden, entered and cleared the portuuring the 
year 1S69, 

Bank— The Comiticrcial Bank of Scclland, Tames Molr, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspond ent, London and Westminster Buik, 4:, Lothbniy, E.G. 

Hotel— Royal Oak. 

ALMERIA. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
«ces,Bee pageslvtolxxii,i7^ Dover, Calais, Paris, Tours, Bordeaux, 
Bayonne, Inin, Miranda, Madrid, Cordova, Malaga ; tlience by 
steamer direct. 

A port on the Meditcmuican coo-st of Spain, prov. Andalusia, 6z m. S.E. 
Granada ; kt 36° 51' N., Ion. 2° 31' W. Pop. 30,000. It is the see of a bishop, 
and its calhcdnil boasts of having Mme very tine specimens of (he old masters. 
There are several smelting works in the vicinity, and as soon as the railway 
reaches the city, a powerful impetus will be given to its commerce. 

Lloyd's Agent — Francis de Paula Koman, Esq. 

Hotel— Del Siglo XIX. 

T. M.— 7s. 

ALNWICK.— Route from London by Gt N. Ry. (King's 
Cross Station), 10 a.m., and 9.15 p.m. ; Sun. 9.15 p.m. Fares : 
61s. id. ist cl., 46s. rod. and cl., 31s. id. 3rd cl. 

A town of England, on river AIn, Co. Northumberland, 30 m. N. New- 
castle, and 313 m, from London by (it. N. Ky. ; ial. 55° aj'N., Ion. i°43' W, 
i'op. 7,350. Immediately adjacent to it Ls Alnwick Castle, the seat of the 
Duke of Noilhumbetland. 

Members of Parliament- Coun/t" A>rMHmAv/a«/, A'ort*, Earl Percy (C), 
London residence. 15, Grosvenor- square, W. ; M, W. Kidley, Ea|. (C), 
London residence, 10, Carllon-house-tertace, S.W. Smli, \V. I). Beaumont, 
Esq. (L). London residence, 144, Piccadilly, W. ; Hon. H. G. Liddelt, (C), 
London residence, 9, Minsfield-slreel, W. 

Bank— Alnwick and County Bank, E. A. Ktorer, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Currie and Co., 67, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— The Star. 

ALOST. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, viS Dover, Ostend, Bruges, Ghent 

A town of Belgium, prov, E. Flanders, situated on river Dender, on the 
line of railway between Ghent and Bnisset^ nearly midway between the two ; 




1 6 Our Ocean Highways. 

lat. ^6" 5/ N., Ion. 4"* 2' £. Pop. 19,000. It is the centre of considcnble 
trade in the agricultural produce of the surrounding district, and has some lace 
and cotton manufactures. 

Hotel — Pays Bas. 

T. M.— 2s. 6d. 

ALTON A. — For route, see Hamburg. 

A to\\'n of Prussian Germany, prov. Sleswig-Holstein, on r. bank oC 
Elbe, immediately below Hamburg, which it adjoins ; lat. 53** 32' 42'' N., Ion. 
9" 56' 40" E. Pop. 67,000. 

Bank — Messrs. H. C. Schmidt ; London correspondent. The Continental 
Bank, 79, Lombard-street, E.C. (Circular notes,) ^ 

T. M.— 6s. 

AMAPALA. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Honduras, Central America, on the Pacific Ocean, 220 m. 
S.E. Guatemala, on the island of Tigr^, in the bay of Fonseca ; lat. 13"* 14' 
N., Ion. %f 35' W. Pop. 1, 00a It is the port for Tegucigalpa, Choluteciv 
Yuscaran, and other towns in the interior of Honduras. 

AMBLESIDE, see KENDAL, or from Liverpool to 

Bowness (The Queen's Hotel), by train direct, thence by steamer 
across the lake. Fare jQ^ 6s. ist cl. 

AMBOISE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser* 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Orleans, Blois. 

A town of France, dep. Indre et Loire, situated on the 1. bank of th« 
river Loire, on line of railway between Blois and Toun, 7 m. E. by N. of the 
latter ; lat. 47'' 24' N., Ion. o* 59' E. Pop. 4,188. It is chiefly notable for its 
antique castle, the scene, in the sixteenth century, of a cruel massacre of the 
unhappy Huguenots. 

Hotel — Cygne. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

AMBOYN A. — Route from London by sailing vesseL 

An inland to\\'n of the Dutch East Indies (Malay Archipelago), belongiQ{ 
to the group of the Moluccas; lat. 3°46'S., Ion. 127' 59 E. Clover fonn 
the staple product of the Island : coffee, pepper, indigo, and other tropicil 
staples are grown, with sago, which forms the principal food of the popnlatioa 
— chiefly Malays. Pop. (of island) in 1867, 162,00a 

AMIENS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Arras. 

An ancient town of France, dep. Somme (Picardy), on the Somme, on the 
railway from Boulogne to Paris ; lat. 49** 54' N., Ion. 2° 15' £. Pop. 6l,00a 
The river, which passes through the to\i*n, is crossed by several handsoine 
britlgeh. Its cathedral is one of the finest in France. Principal baildincs: 
hotel de villc, museum, university, barracks, &c. There are several mammu^ 
turcs, the chief of which are cotton velvets and woollens, likewise sevend 
chemical works and beet-root sugar refineries. War 1870-71 — Surrendered to 
the (jcrmans under Von Gceben, 28th November, 187a 



Bank — Messrs. S, Dufelei, Gumaux el Cic, Rue du Icurc Matin ; Loqdon 
cormpondent, the NKrional Bank, 13, Old Broad-alieel, E.C. f Circular nMa. J 
T- M.— 3s. Ad. 

AMLWCH.— Route from London by L. and N. W. Ry. 

(Euslon Station), 9 a.m., 7'iti Chester and Gaerwen June 

A sea-porttown of Wales, on N. shore Island of Anglesey ; lal. 53° 15' N,, 

Ian. 4" 10 W. Pop. 3,200. Its si 3 pie of trade K copper ore, derived from the 

neiglibouring Paiys mounlain. 

Lloyd's Agent — William Cox Painlei, Ev\, 
Hotel— The Castle. 

AMOY. — For steamers to Shanghai, see Table ; thence by 
the Shanghai Co.'s steamers, or those of the Union Steam Ship 
Co., which ply regularly between Shanghai and Tientsin, calling 
at Amoy and intermediate ports. 

A sea-port and diy of China, 290 m. N.E.of Hong-Icong, on an island of the 
-""■- "■»•"- with a large and seoarc harbour; 111, 14 30'N., Ion. 118' 13' E.. 
N . E. Canton, in a bay of the China Sea. " '" ' 

IS open to foreign trade. The imports are 
&C. : the exports camphor, stigar, earthenware, ftc 
Consul (British)— W. H, Pcdder, Esq, 
.. (American>-C, W. LeEendre, Esq. 
„ „ Edmund Pye, Esq. 

Inlerprcter „ Sit Kline Cook. 

Lloyd's Agents — Messrs. Boyd and Co. 
- T. M.— iTi) Kiachti 15 laels, or about £$ lis. 6d. for every 20 worth, 
3ZS. is payahle in London, and 905. 6d. at port of delivery. 

AMPHION (Baths of)-— Route from London, see Geneva; 
thence by local conveyance. 

A village and bathing place of France, dep. Haute Savoie, on. S. shore of 
I^ke of Geneva, 2 m. W. of Evian and 23 m. N.E. Geneva; lat. 46° 23' N., 
Ion. 6° 33' E. Il has chalybeate springs. 

AMSTERDAM.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
service, see pages Iv to Ixxii, rid Dover and Calais or Dover and 
Ostend, Bnissels, Antu'erp, Rotterdam, Utrecht. For steamers 
direct, see Tables. 

The metropolis of the Netherlnncis, and one of the leading commercial cilict 
of the world, lies on Ihe estuary of the V, a short distance above the Zuyder 
Zee, prov. N. Holland ; lal. 52' 22' N., Ion. 4° 53' E. Pop. 271,000. The 
public buildings are mostly of a very high order of architecture. The street-; 
are broad and well paved, and some of them are lined with trees. Here and 
there the canals intersect the city, and are crossed by light and elegant bridges, 
The churches and colleges of Amsterdam rank amongst the hnest in Europe, 
and the exchange is considered the greatest ornament of the city. The canal 
from Amstenlnm to Ihe HeldcT, which has hitherto enabled large ships to come 
op to Ihe town and discharge their cargoes at the quay-side, will tie superseded 

i 




1 8 Our Ocean Highways, 



by the great North Sea ship canal, in process of construction, under the 
superintendence of English engineers. The cost estimated for this stupendous 
work is ;f 2,500,000, the Dutch government guaranteeing 4 per cent, and re- 
demption of capital at par. The works are to be finished in 1876, and consist 
of three sections — the North Sea harbour works, the canal proper, and the dam 
and lock at the Pampus bar entrance. The new breakwater, which is in course 
of construction, will embrace an area of 200 acres, each pier running out 5,000 
ft., of which 1,500 ft. on the N. side are complete. The minimum depth of 
the canal will be 26 ft., and the width at the entrance, 853 ft The direction 
of the new harbour will be nearly due east and west, and the distance from 
JIarNvicli the same as to Rottenlam, which is an important feature in the direct 
traffic between I^ndon and Amsterdam. About 1,000 yards from the harbour 
large basin, with locks, will form the commencement of the canal. A great 
f)art of the outlay for the gigantic work will be repaid by the redemption of 
14,000 acres of land through damming out the Zuyder Zee between rarden- 
hoek and Schellingvk oude. The trade of Amsterdam is most important 
During the year 1868, 1,465 vessels, of 430,799 tons, arrived at the port, and 
1,508 vessels, of 421,566 tons, cleared it. During the same year 1,156,911 
Ijags and 1,764 casks of coffee were imported, and 36,842 chests of tea. Of 
raw sugar, 128,800,000 lbs. were importetl during 1868, and 23,437,900 lbs. 
raw, and 85,254,500 lbs. were re-exported. Of tobacco, about 10,000 hogs- 
heads of American, and 60,000 packages Java and other sorts, were imported ; 
of cotton, 54,726 bales, against 27,470 bales in 1867. The imports received 
by (jreat l^ritain from the kingdom of the Netherlands during last year 
amounted to jf 11,389,898 ; the British exports to the Netherlands to 
;^ 1 4,948, 824 in the previous year. 

Postal. ---Letters from England to Holland, vlA Belgium, imder ( oz. 3d., 
I oz. 6d. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers 2d. Vid France, not exceeding \ oz. 6d., 
from i to \ oz. is., from f to I oz. Is. 6d. ; registr. fee 6d. ^ oz. 

Money : --/^ I sterling is cauivalent to 12 florins; I florin (lOO cents) = 
IS. 8d. ; ducat, 9s. 2d. ; lo-florin pieces, i6s. 6d. ; i shillixig = 60 cents. 
The rate of exchange, during the year 1868, has varied from 11 florins 84 cents 
to 1 1 florins 98 cents per £1 sterling. The copper coins are the cent and the 
half-cent, worth one-fifth and one-tenth of a penny. 

Weights —The metrical system as in France is adopted in the Netherlands, 
but Flemish names are used instead of those used in France. 

The kilo is equivalent to 2 lbs. 30Z. avoirdupois ; the Dutch lb. = I.0851 
lb. avoinlupois. The foot = ii. 15 inches ; the kan = 0.220 gall. ; the mud = 
2$ bushels ; 30 mud = I last. 

Consul (British) — ^John George Cope Lewis Newnham, Esq. 
,, (American) — Charles Muetter, Esq. 

Vice Consul (American) — A. Vinkc, Esq. 

Chaplain — Rev. W. Jamieson, M.A. 

Bank — Messrs. Lippermann, Rosenthal, et Cic. London correspondent, 
The Continental Bank, 79, Ix)mbard-strcct, E.C. ( CircuJarnctes. ) 

Lloyd's Agent — ^Johann Hermann Schroder. 

Hotel — Amstel. 

T.M. — 3s. 9d. 

AN CON A. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Macon, Culoz, 
Chambery, Siisa, Turin, Alessandria, Piacenza, Pannai Modena, 

Bologna, Rimini. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



A sea-port of Italy, on Ihe Adrialic, 51 m. S,E. of Urbino. on the 
railway frain Boloenn toUrindiii; lat. 43*40 N., Ion. 13" 30' E. Top. 43,000. 
It U Imilt on the slope of two hills, havii^ the caihnlral on ihe apu of tbe one 
and Ihe outte on the other. The harbour it rendcied secure by a mole and a 
hreakwaler; the former has recently lieen extended 1, 00a ft. iaa N.W. direction, 
and ft jelly earned out from the centre of the haj-lxmr (connected with the 
oistom honse), at which vessels drawing not more than 21 ft. water can lav in 
safety and unload. A floating dock is in course of construction. Tbe arch of 
Trajan >» near the landward extremity of the mole. 

Ancona has condderabte trade. Tbe imports (chiefly from England) are 
inanufactured goods, cotton twisi, iron, haniwarc, salt fish, indiEo, coal, &c 
'ITie exports — grain, ulk, walnut-wood, hemp, rags, tartar, liunbskins, &c. 
Tliere arc not above jo .uiiling vessels belonging to ihe port. In 1S69, the 
iijlal value of imports, ^585,296 ; of expons, j£iS7i9^. 

Consul (British)— (Jus. Gaggiotli, Esq. 

Vice Consnl (American>-A. P. Tonuss-inL 

Bank— Messrs. G. Terni et Fils, Contrada del Potto. No. 31. Ij)ndon eoi- 
respoodent. National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, K.C. (Circular iiein.) 

Lloyd's Agents — Mesin. G. Tcmi ct Fils, 

Hotel— De U Pw». 

T. M.-7S. 6d. 

ANCUD.~For steamers, sec Table. 

A sea-port of Chili, on gulf of same name, N. side island of Chiloc; lal. 
41" 52' S., Ion. 73' 55' \S. Pop. S,ooO. This port is not one of easy access. 
The to«n lies partly on two eminences and partly in a valley between them. 
There are some fine buildings in the ' Plaza,' from which a very fine view of 
the shipping is obiainnl. 

ANDERMATT. — Route from London see Lucerne, thence 
by steamer to Fluelen, thence by local conveyance. 

A village of Switzerland, cant. Uri, near the t. bank of the river Kcuss ; 
lat. 46" 38 N., Ion. 8* 35' E. It lies on the lineof route over the St. Gothard; 
in its neighbourhood is the famous Teufelsbruck (IJevil's Bridge) which sjians 
the torrent of the Reuu. 

T. M.— 5s. tod. 

AN DOVER.— Route from London by L. and S. W. Ry. 
(Waterloo Station) 6.45, 10.50, and 11.40 a.m.; and 4 and 5.15 
p.m. Sundays, 9.45, 10.15 a-m. ; and 5 p.m. Fares: 13s, lod. 
ist cl., 9s. lod. snd cl., 5^- 6d. 3rd cl. 

A town and pari, bor, of England, co. Hants, lain. N.W. Winchester, 
and 66J m, from l^ndon liy -S. W. railway; lat. 51° 13' N., Ion. i' 
l8' W. Pop. 5,220. It lies on the banks of the river Anton, near Ihe skirls 
of a large wooded Iract. 'I'he chief occiip.il lont arc mailing and lanninp. 

Member of Parliament— Hon. I). V. horie^-.uc (1.). l,omion residince. 9, 
Hertford-slreet, W. 

Bank^ — Ixindon and County Rank (Branch). A. Foster, Esq., man;;. ; 
London correspondent. Ix)ndon and County Bank, 31, Lombard -street. 

Hotel— Star and Garter. 

ANGLESEA,-See BEAUMARIS. -■ 




20 Our Ocean Highways. 



ANGERS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
sec pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Paris, Chartres,andLe Mans. 

An ancient city of France, dep. Maine et Loire (Anjou), situated near the 
confluence of the rivers Loire and Sarthe, 42 m. £. of Nantes, and on the rail- 
^\ay from Paris to Nantes ; lat. 47' 28' N., Ion. o' 33' W. Pop. 55,00a The 
rivers pass through the citv, and are crossed by two fine briqges. Angers is 
tlic see of a bishop ; the cathedral is one of the oldest architectural monuments 
in France. The castle, visible for many miles around, stands on a rock in the 
midst of the city. The university dates from the 13th century ; and there is an 
Academy of Arts and Sciences. The ramparts, built by King John of En^nd, 
arc now converted into agreeable promenades, ornamented with trees. It is a 
])l.ice of considerable commercial importance, and has manufactures of woollen 
aivl linen, with several sugar bakeries. ' The trade in slate is of very ancient 
date, and the supply is still kept up from the quarries in the neighbourhood. 

l>ank — Messrs. Bougere, Kobm, et Cie. ; London correspondent, Messrs. 
I ferries, Farquhar, & Co., 16, St. James's-street, S.W. ( Circular notes, ) 

Hotel— Le Roy. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

ANGOSTURA.— Route from London, see Trinidad or La 
Guayra ; thence by local steamer vi& Orinoco River. 

A city of S. America, rep. Venezuela, on the S. bank of the Orinoco, about 
240 m. from its mouth ; lat. 8' 2' N., Ion. 63' 56' W. Pop. 10,000. Eiports : 
cotton, indigo, tobacco, coffee, cattle, &c. Imports : British goods of all kinds. 

Consul — Lewis Joel, Esq. 

(American) — \acant. 

ANGOULEME.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Orleans, 
Terrs, Poitiers, Ruffec. 

1 )ep. Charente, France, lies on the Charente, 25 m. W. Limoges and 66 m. 
N.]'.. Hordcaux, on the railway from Poitiers to Bordeaux; lat. 45* 39' N.» 
Ion. 6' \d E. Pop. 25,000. Chief buildings : the hotel de ville, cathedral, 
l:iv courts, public library, Hotel Dieu, and theatre. Angouleme enjoys a 
con idorablc trade, and has large manufactories, distilleries, paper mills &c. 
T.'lc celebrate<l fountain of Trouve is in the vicinity. 

Ht;tei— l)es Postes. 

']'. M.— 3s. 4d. 

ANGRA. — For route, see Lisbon; thence occasional steam 

communication with Fayal. 

A sea-]X)rt and cap. of the island of Terceira, one of the Azores ; lat. 38* 38* 
N., 1. :^ 2b' 13' \V. Pop. 12,000. 

I'o^tal— Letters from England to the Azores, z>iA France, under \ oz, 6d., 
\ (>'.. Is., \ oz. IS. 6d., I oz. 2s.; newspapers 3d. not exceeding 4 ozs. ; 

re;;i-«!'. fee 4d. 

ANNECY. — Route from London, see Aix-les-Bains ; thence 

viii Albcns and Ix)vagny. 

A town of France, dep. Haute Savoic, situated at the lower end of a lake 



Our Ocean Highioe^s. 



called by ii!, niine. lo m. S. of the^ ciiy of Geneva, anit 33 m. N.N.E. of 
Chambcry, with both of which it a conncclwl by railway ; Ul. 45° 54' N., Ion. 
6' S' E. Pop. 11,500. It h>i some nunulacture^ of collon, iilk, &c. The 
lake of Anoecy. which U 10 milea long, and .surrounded by n 
navigstrd by pilcameni. 

Holel-D'Anelclore. 

T. M.-3^. 4d. 



ANTIGUA.— For steamers, see table. 

Ooc of the Windward likodt, in the Wc&t Indict, belonging to Engluiil, 
About 60 m. S.E. Si. Kitts. In two principal pods ore St. John (the chief 
town), situated on the N.W. coast, in lal. I7°6' N., Ion. 61' jO' W., and Eiwllsh 
Huboui, on the S. ude of the island, in lal. 17' N., Ion. 6i°45'W. Pop. 
J7,oao. The eiport.-! amoiml to about 1^300,000, and the imports Eo a. quarter 
oT a niillion sterling. 

Postal — Letterefrom Engiond to Anligua, not exceeding J oi. lb., I 0/. z*. ; 
legiilt. fee 4d. ; newspapers Id. 

Commercial Agent (American) — H. A. Anindell, Esq. 

Vice „ „ „ E. H. Mans. Esq. 

Uonk — Colonial Bank (Branch), William Kelso Martin, mang. ; I^ndon 
iioiTespondenI, Colonial Bank, ij, Bishopsgsle-^tteel-within. 

Lloyd's Agetil^Pattick Burns, Esf). 

ANTIVARI.— Route from London, see Trieste; thence by 
steamer, see table. 

A sea.port of Turkey in Europe, on the Adriatic, 17 m. W. .Scutari; 
lit. 42" 4' N., Ion. 19° 9' E. Pop. 5,000. 

Postal. — See Candia. 

T. M.— 9s, 

ANTRIM. — Route from London (Euston Square), Ti& Fleet- 
wood and Belfast, see Table, or by Irish mail, see page lii, r/i* 
Chester and Holyhead. 

A tovfn of Ireland, co. Antrim, prov. of Ulster, 14 m. N.W, Belfast by lai;, 
and 106 m. N. Dublin. It is a station on the Belfast and Northern Coui.tic- 
railway. Pop. z.ioo. Near the town stands Antrim Caslle. 

Members of Parliament—See Belfast. 

Bank — ^Bninch of the Ulster Banking Company, S. K. Black, inang. : 
London correspondent, London and Westminster Dank, 41, Lothbury, E.C 

Hotel^The Masscrenc Arms. 

ANTWERP.— Route from London, by rail, fixed mail 
services, see images Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Ostend, Lille, Cotiriraj-, 
Ghent, or via Calais. For steamer, direct see table. 

Acityo(Belgium,prov. same name, on river Scheldt, 26 m. N. Bnissek Milh 
which il is connected by railway ; lat. 51° 13' N., Ion. 4°24'E. Pop. IZ3.000, 
Antwerp enjoys a European repntation, not only for its many interesting monu- 
ments, but also for its extensive commercial operations. Its chief building!^ ate 
the cathedral, hotel de viUe, the exchatige, churches, gallery of sculpture and 
of paintings, courts of law, &c. The port contains several dockyards, and ship, 
budding is extensively carried on. Few European cities have undergone 
greater change, or exhibit more rapid improvement, than Antwerp within :i 




22 Our Ocean Highways. 



recent period. The old ramparts have been demolished, and are replaced by a 
more extended line of defensive works, comprehending the adjacent suburl>s 
within a radius of a mile and a half from the cathedral, while the space they 
formerly occupieil is covered with handsome dwelling houses, boulevards, &c. 
The old citadel is being replaced by extensive docks and warehouses, with 
various works for facilitating communication with the mineral fields of the 
southern provinces. Previous to 1825, Belgium was a corn-exporting country. 
Rut the vast increase in its manufacturing and mining industry since 1 830 has 
involved a corresponding increase in the consumption of bread-stuf&, and grain 
of all kinds now forms a considerable item of import. In 1869, the leading 
articles of foreign produce imported into Antwerp were — coffee, 12,500 tons ; 
cottons, 130,000 bales ; raw sugar, 12,520 tons (besides 30,000 tons of beet- 
root sugar, produced in Belgium) ; tol^acco, 7,600 hogsheads and 14,000 bales ; 
petroleum, 566,500 barrels ; sheeps' wool, 125,700 bales (mostly from the River 
IMate) ; Peruvian guano, over 75,000 tons ; tallow, i6,000 tons ; wheat, 
375,000 imp. qrs. ; other grains, 300,000 qrs. ; all oil seeds, 410,000 qrs. ; 
pig iron, 360,000 tons ; zinc, copper, lead, and other minerals, 103,000 tons. 
The principal exports are railway, bar, and other iron ; machinery, coal, flax, 
linen, zinc, nails, window and plate glass, hops, and (in the season) fruit. 
The arrivals of steamers in 1869 were 1,316, measuring 693,620 tons. Steamers 
of the Clyde Shipping Company, 2, Oswell-street, Glasgow, leave Glasgow for 
Antwerp Wednesdays, returning Wednesdays. 

Consul (British) — Edmond Amout Grattan, Esq. 
,, (American) — 

(Jlerg)'nian (Protestant) — Rev. Robert Byron. 

Banks — ]. R. Bischoffsheim ; London correspondent. National Bank, 13, 
Old Broad-street, E.C. Bros. Nottebohm ; Lon. cor., English Bank of Rio 
dc Janeiro, 13, St. Ilelen's-placc, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Arnold P'rcdenck Angals, Esq. 

Hotel — St. Antoine. 

T. M.— 2s. 6d. 



APPALACHICOLA.— For steamers, see Charlestovra ; 

thence by local steam line. 

A town and port of Florida, U. S., situated at the entrance of the river 
Appalachicola into the bay of that name — an arm of the Gulf of Mexico ; lat. 
29** 51' N'., lon. 85" 23' W. The river (which is formed by the junction <i the 
Flint and Chattahoochee) is navigable by small steamers and other vessels. 

Lloyd's Agent — Daniel Jones Day, Esq. 

T. M. — To Charlestown (nearest station) £1 17s. 6d. 

APPLEBY.— Route from London, by London and N. W. 
Ry. (Fusion Square Station) to Penrith, 6.25, 7.30, 9.10, and 
II a.m. ; 9 p.m. Sundays, 10 a.m. and 9 p.m. Fares: 51s. 3d, 
I St cl. : 37s. 3d. 2nd cl. ; and 22s. 7id., 3rd cl. ; thence to 
Appleby by local conveyance. 

A town of England, co. Westmoreland, 300 m. from London by the 
Lancaster and Carlisle and London and N. W. railways; lat. 54* 34 N., 
lon. 2" 28' W. Pop. 1,255. The town is almost surrounded by the river Eden, 
and i>. the county town, where the elections of members of Parliament take 
place. The castle is celebrated for having withstood a long siege against 
Oliver Cromwell. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Ucmben of Parliamenl [County Wtam9rtland]—'EM\ of Bective (C). 
Loodon residence, 34, Gmfton-slreet, W. ; William Lonther, Esq. (CJ, London 
lesidence, Eden \j^^e, Keasinglon, W. 

Bank — The Cumberland Union Bank, W. S. Fulton, Esq., mang. ; London 
corteipondeni, Mewrs. Barclay, Benn, Tritlon, TweU-i, and Co., 54, Lorn- 
hard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— KLng'y Head. 

ARANJUEZ (Ara Jovis).— Route from London, see 
Madrid ; thence by carriage. 

A town of Spain, I. bank of the Tagus, 39 m. S.S.E. Madrid, and 32 ni. 
E.N. E. Toledo, on Ihe rnilvray from Madrid lo Alicante. Pop. ll,ooa. The 
royal palace, built by Philip II., with ir; beautiful gardens the favourite mi- 
d^cc of the kings of Spain, haEi given Aranjuera world-wide reputation. 

T. M.— 7-. 

ARBROATH. —Route from London, by Scotch mail trains. 
see page Hi, London and N, W. Ry. (Euston Square), iiid Carliale ; 
by Gl N. Ry. (King's Cross), vi& York. 

A nca-port of Scotland, co. For&r, at the entrance of the Brotlkock into 
Ihe N,-,rth Sea. !■; in. N.K. .St. Andrew's, \b\ 111. N. L. Dimdte, on ihc N. 
-.■.-,.. i ■:. i..:uin Ky,, and 468 m. froii. I ■ .■■■■ .!■.■■■ > Ky, ; lal. 

^|J ' \V. Pop. 8,140. It 111- . i.f coarse 

Ir, lis trade is princi. ... ■., whence 

it imports Iimljer and flax. The ruins of an old abbey, founded here in 1178 
and dedicated to St. Thomas L Becket, are an inteiebting historical relic. 693 
vessels, of 53,869 Ions burden, enlertxl and cleared the port during the year 
1S69. 

Bank — Commercial Hank of Scotland, Wm, Rollo, Esq., mane. ; London 
correspondent, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbury, E.C. 

ARCACHON. — Route from London, see Bordeaux, thence 
by rail. 

A watering place of France, siluateil 31 m. S.W. of Bordeaux, dep. Landes, 
near the entrance of the Bassin d'Atcachon, an inlet of the Bay of Biscay. It is 
connected with Bordeauibyrailway. Pop. 3,000. Atcachon owes lis attractions 
chiefly to Ihe neighbouring pine forests, the inhalation of ihe resinous odours 
from which is found etficacioiis in chesl diseases. There Ls some trade in fish, 
and oysters are cultivated. 

Clergyman (Protestant)— Rev, S. Hadcliff, B.A. 

Bank — Messrs. Saunders and Trimmer. 

Hotel— Le Urand. 

T. M.-3'i. 4d. 

ARCHANGEL..— Route from London, see St. Petersburg ; 
thence by steamer on the river Neva, lake Ladoga, and river Svir, 
to Voznesenia Wharf {a village on the Svir, where it joins lake 
Onega) ; thence by steamer on lake Onega to Chemi Peski 
black sands); from Chemi Peski by canal boat on the river Vytegra 




24 Our Ocean Highways. 



to the towTi of Vytegra (25 versts) thence by the Marianski canal to 
the river Korjie {eti route there are 36 sluices and 7 drawbridges to 
])ass) ; by canal boat still on river Korjie to the town of Bdozersk, 
from thence by Belozersk canal to the river Chaiki (4 sluices) from 
the river Chaiki by the river Sheksna, of which it is a tributary, 
to Topomoy point ; here the boat enters the Prince Alexander 
of Wurtemberg's canal (13 sluices and 4 drawbridges to pass before 
entering the river Porovitza) ; thence across the Kubinskoe lake to 
Sukhona river, along which the route continues until it joins the 
Upper Dwina, at the village of Aristovoy ; thence to the town of 
Veliky Oustjug, and on by the Upper Dwina to its conflu- 
ence with the river Pichegoa at the village of Katlas, thence by 
the Northern Dwina to Archangel ; total distance by water 
from Prince Alexander of Wurtemberg's canal to Archangel i,62o| 
versts. 

A sea-port of N. Russia, 300 m. N. Moscow, and 400 m. N.E. St. Peters- 
burg, near a gulf of the White Sea, and a few miles above the mouth of 
the river Dwina, which is here 4 m. broad ; lat. 64''33'N., Ion. 40**42'E. Pop. 
19,100. The principal buildings arc the public schools, the observatoiTv and 
the churches. Ice prevents the port being entered from October to Mav. During 
bummcr there is water communication between St. Petersburg and Archangel, by 
way of lakes I>adoga and Onega, the town of Vytegra, and the rivers Sukhona and 
Dwina (see alx)ve. ) The passengers by this route, however, are very few. The 
inhabitants of the town and its vicinity are principally employed in connection 
with the export trade. The articles exported comprise linseed, oats, rye, flax, tar, 
pilch, deals, mats, &c. ; the imports consisting of fish from Norway, tea, salt, 
wine, and machinery, mostly from Great Britain. In 1869 the total value oif 
exports was jfi, 679,069, of which ;£^i,09i,592 were to Great Britain. 

ARDROSSAN. — Route from London by London and N. 
W. Ry. (PLuston Square), 6.25, 7.30, 9, 10, and 11 a.m. ; 9 p.nL 
Fares : 70s. ist cL, 51s. 2nd cl., 32s. 9d. 3rd cl. 

A sea-port town of Scotland, co. Ayr, 31 m. W.S.W. Glasgow, and 426 m. 
from Ix)ndon bv Gt. N. Ry. ; lat. ^^ 39' N., Ion. 4' 48' W. Pop. 3,896. 
2,297 vessels, of 334,167 tons burden, entered and cleared the port during 
the year 1869. 

Bank — Branch of Bank of Scotland, David J. Mack, Esq., mang. ; Lond<»i 
correspondent, Bank of Scotland, 43, Ix)thbury, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Duncan Cameron Love, Esq., firm of Barr and Shearer. 

Hotel — Eglinton Arms. 

AREQUIPA. — For steamers, see Islay ; thence by local 

conveyance. 

An inland city of Peru, S. America, cap. dep. of same name, sitomted 
on the western slope of the Andes, at an elevation of 7,800 it. above the sea* 
and between 50 and 60 m. distant ifrom Islav, on the coast of the Pacific, which 
constitutes its jwrt ; lat. 16' 30' S., Ion. 71'' 33' W. Pop. 35,ooa Arequip* 



Our Ocean Highways. 



is a wet! built place, luid has manufaclures of woollen onil cotlon stulEs, &c. ; 
bul il has suffeied repeatedljr from earthquakes, in common with tbc whole 
Andeaa region. The volcaBic cone o( Arequipa is a few milcii dbtanl lu the 
cutwaid. 

ARGOSTO LI. —Route from London, see Trieste ; thence 
by steamer, see Table. 

A sea-port, and cap. of Cephalania, Ionian Islands, opposite Albania ; lit. 
38' n' 12 N., Ion. 10° 28' 30" E, Pop. S,ooo. An earthquake dnlcoyed 
pait of the (own in 1S66. Its harbour ia the most sheltered of the blond. For 
commerce, see Cephalonia. 

ARGYLE— For county members, see INVERARY. 

ARICA. — For steamers, see Table. 

.\ sea-pori of Petu, 30m. .S.S.E. T.icna, ivitli which il ii connected by 
raii, and 550m. .S.E. Lima ; lat. 18° 28' S., Ion. 70" 24' W. Pop. 5,000, 
Arica hot buffered greatly from earthquake. Having been all but destroyed 
by volcanic action in the year 1605, it was again vtsiled by riolent shocks in 
ib6S, which laid the town in rubs, and left those inhabitanb who escaped 
homeless and destitute. It is an open roadstead, only defended southwards by 
a hiyh promontory. Ships are obliged to discharge iheir caigoes into lighteis 
at this port. Exports : silver and copper ore, and wool. 

Vice Consai [British)— G. H. Nugent, Esq. 
• (American)— Vacant. 

Bank — London Bank of Mexico and South America; London correspondent, 
London Bank of Meiico and South America, 144, Leadenhall -street, E.C. 

Note — A railway runs between Arica and Tacna. 

ARICHAT. — Route by sailing vessels or by steamer to 
Halifax, which see, thence by local water conveyance. 

A sea-port of British N. America, dom. of Canada, on Island of Madame, 



ARLES. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, 7'iA Dover, Calais, Paris, Lyons, Avignon. 

A city of France, dep. Bouches-du- Rhone, 20 m. S.E, Nismes, situated on 
1. liank of river Rhone, at the head of ils delta, and on the railway from Avig- 
non to Marseilles; lat. 43° 41' N., !on. 4° 38' E. Pop. 26,30a Aries is 
famous for its Koman antiquities, the most noteworthy bcmg the amphitheatre, 
obelisk, and temple. There are several ship-building establishments, and it 
ha'< a considerable trade with Marseilles, which it supplies with soap, bottles, 
sausages, &c. The olive tree is much cultivated in the vicinity. 

Hotel— Du NorJ. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 




26 Our Ocean Highways. 



ARMAGH. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, sec 
page Hi, vi(i Chester and Holyhead. 

A city and pari. bor. of Ireland, chief town of co. of same name, 30 m. 
S. Ix)ndonderry, and 33 ni. from Belfast, on the Belfast and Armagh railway ; 
lat. 26" 47' N., Ion. 6° o' W. Pop. 8,800. Armagh is the metroi>oUtan see of 
the primate of all Ireland. Elections for the county, which sends twomembers, 
and the town one mcml>cr, to the House of Commons, take place here. St. 
Patrick fixed his see at Armagh, anno 444, and tradition records seretal 
miracles performed by the saint. The cathedral was anciently called **Dniim 
Sailec," or ** built of willows," as most of the primitive churches in Ireland 
were. The cathedral has been repeatedly destroyed by fire and rebuilt. 

Members of Parliament — County, Sir James Si. Strong, Bart., (C), Londoo 
residence, Carlton Club, S.W. ; William Vemer, Esq., (C), London residence, 
86, Eaton-square, S.W. City^ John Vance, Esq. (C), London residence, 
Carlton Club, S.W. 

Bank — Branch of Bank of Ireland, Geoi^ge Johnstone, Esq., agent ; London 
correspondent, Messrs. Coutts and Co., 59, Strand, E.C. 

ARRAN, ISLE OF. — Route from London, see Ardrossan ; 

thence by steamer, running twice daily during the summer monthsi 
and during the winter every second day. Through fare frcmi 
Glasgow, rail and steamer, return tickets, ist cl. 5s. 6d., 2nd d. 
rail and ist cl. cabin 4s. Time of water transit, 45 minutes. 
Steamers also run from Glasgow direct. 

Lying in the broader portion of the Firth of Clyde, and forming with the 
neighbouring island of Bute the county of Bute ; area, 125 sq. m. Pop. (1861) 
5,538. Arran has great diversity of surface, Goat Fell, its loftiest snmmit, 
reaching 2,874 ^^- \ ^^^ ^1^^ scenic attractions render it a favourite place of 
summer residence. Brodick and Lamlash, lx>th on the £. coast, are tne diief 

}>laccs of resort, and are easily accessible by steamer from Glasgow ; at the 
brmer, the construction of a pier has l)een commenced. 
Postal — Post office orders are payable at Brodick. 
Bank — City of Glasgow (Branch) M. Mac Intosh, agent. 
Hotels — (Brodick) the Douglas ; (Lamlash) Bannatynes ; the Clyde. 

ARRAS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 

see pages Iv to Ixxii, v'u% Dover, Calais, and Hazebrouck. 

A city of France, dep. Pas-de-Calais, on the river Scaipe, 12 m. |S.W. 
Douay, on the railway between Calais and Amiens ; lat. 50* 16' N., loo. 2*45!' 
K. Pop. 25,700. The fortifications, built by Vauban, are said to be the 
strongest in France. The cathedral, hotel de ville, museum, and botanial 
ganlens are noteworthy. There are several very large sugar refineries and 
manufactories of thread, lace, woollens, &c. 

Hotel — De L' Europe. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

ARU N DEL. — Route from London, by Brighton and S. C. Ry. 
(Victoria Station), 7.45, and 11.40 a.m. ; and 2, 4» 4.55, and 6.30 
p.m. Sundays, 6.50, 8.50 a.m. ; and 6.20 p.m. Fares: iis. 5d. 

ist cl., 8s. lod. 2nd cl., and 4s. 9d. 3rd cl. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



A mackel lawn of England, co, SiLtsex. on Ihc Anin, 8 m. £. Chichester 
and 57 m. from London, on the L, B. and S. C. Ry. ; lal. 50' 52' N.. Ion. o* 
3S'\V. Pop. 2,500. Arundel formerly sent a member lo pirliaroent, Iwt is now 
d^ranchiscd. Arundel Castle, the seat of the Duke of Norfolk, is one of ihe 
liTiesI of the old feudal cutlcs in Englanit. Linlehimpton, at the mouth of the 
Aran, formi in poit. 

Bank— Branch of London and Conntf Bank. M. T. E. Milwaid, Emj.. 
mang. 1 London correspondent, London aod Connty Bank, 31, I.Ambatd 
slreet, E.C. 

Hotel— The Norfolk. 

ARZEW.— Route from London, see Algiers ; thence by 
Steamer, see Table, 

A sea-pott of Algeria, prov. Oran, on the Medilcrranean ; Inl, SJ" 50' N., 
Ion. o' 10' W. I'op. 5,000. 

ASCENSION — For steamers, see Table, 
mall i&lnnd belonging to Ci. Britain, in the Atlantic, 600 n. N.W. : 
la; Ut. 7' 55' S., Ion. -■--■■" - ' - — ■■ - - 

pdndpal anchoring place, is 
It Ascension in great numbers. 

Poilal— Leiltis from England t 



(cccdinc [ 
Lloyd's 



s Agent— Vacant. 

ASCHAFFEN BURG.— For route from London, see 
Mayence ; thence by rail, vid Daimstadt. 

A town of Bavaria, situated on r. bank of river Main, 33 m. E.S.E. of 
Frankfort, and on Ihe line of railway which communicates between ihat city 
and the more castwardly towns of WiinbarEand Bamberg ; lat 49" 58' N., Ion. 
9* 10' E. I'op. 10,280. It has a royal palace, the frequent summer reudencc 
of the Kii^ of Bavaria, and some fine cnurches. The surrounding country is 
highly attractive. Cloth and paperare mannfiictured, and there is considerable 
trade by means of the river, as well as by rail. 

Hotel— Adler. 

T. .M.— 5s. lod. 

ASCOT.— Route from London, by S. AV. Ry. {Waterloo 
Station) 11 a.m., 6.35 p.m. Sundays, 9.30 a.m., 6.ig p.m. Time, 
ih. 13m. Fares : 5s. ist cl., 3s. 6d. ind cl., is. sd. 3rd cl. 

In Berks (Encland) situated between 5 and 6 m. ."i.W. of Windsor, and 
near the village of SunninghiU ; is notable for its races, held annually in July. 
The railway station of Ascot, les.'; than a mite distant from the course, is on 
the line of rail between Staines and Wokingham. 

Hotel— The Ascot. 

ASHFORD Rome from London, by S. E. Ry. (Charing 

Cross Station), 7.40 and 8.55 a.m. ; 12.35, ^-^S, 4,48, 6.3s and 
9.15 p.m. Sundays, 7.40, 7.50 a-m. ; 6.40 and 8.50 p.m. Fares : 
15s. ist cl., los. 6d. 2nd cl., ss. zd. 3id cl. 




2S Our Ocean Highways. 



A towii of England, co. Kent, 24 m. S.£. Maidstone, and 53 m. from 
London by the S. E. Ry. ; lat. 51** 8' N., Ion. o' 52' E. Pop. 6,950. It ha« 
a fine old church with a good i>e£il of bells. 

Bank — Branch of Ix)ndon and County Banking Company, J. F. Coombs, 
Esq., mang. ; London correspondent, London and County Bank, 21, Lom- 
iiard-strcct, E.C. 

Hotel — Saracen's Head. 

ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE.— Route from Ix)ndon, by 
London and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), 6.15, 7.30, 9, 10, 11, 
and 12 a.ni. ; and 2.45 and 5 p.m. Sundays, 8.15 and 10 a.m. 
Fares : 33s. ist cL, 24s. 2nd cl., 15s. 8d. 3rd cl. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, on the Tame, co. Lancaster, 6 m. E. 
Manchester, and i88i m. from London by London and N. W. Ry. ; Ut. 53* 
29' N., Ion. 2' 6' W. Pop. 35,000. The town is intersected by canals. There 
arc several very large cotton mills, calico printing, bleaching, and dyeing works ; 
and some large collieries are in the vicinity. 

Member of Parliament — Thomas W. Mellor, Elsq. (C) ; London residence, 
18, Petersburgh-place, W. 

Bank — Manchester and Liverpool District Bank, Samuel B. Tomlins, 
Esq., mang. ; London correspondent, Messrs. SmiUi, Payne, and Smith, 
I, LomKaru-street^E.C. 

Hotel— The Globe. 

ASPINWALL, or COLON.— For steamers, sec Table. 

A sea-port of U. S. of Columbia, N. side Isthmus of Panama, on Navy 
Bay ; lat. 9* 24' N., Ion. 79' 23' \V. Pop. about 3,000. It is situated on a 
small ibland, called Manzanilla, in a low and unhealthy position. It is the 
terminus of the Panama railway, to which it owes its existence. The line fir«t 
passes through a dense tropical forest, crosses the Chagres river upon a hand- 
some iron bridge at Barbacoas, and, continuing through magnificent scenery, 
cuts at last through huge granite cliffs, beyond which the Ixautiful valley of 
Taraiso lies, and both the ocean and the city of Panama come in view. 

Vice Consul (British) — U. R. Martin, Esq. 

Consul (American) — Charles E. Perry, Esq. 

Vice Consul (American) — G. C. Crane, Esq. 

Hotel — Howard House. 

ASTI. — Route from London, see Turin ; thence rid Cam- 
biano, Villafranca, San Damiano. 

An inland city of Italy, prov. Alessandria (and 20 m. W. of the town of 
that name), situated on 1. bank of river Tanaro ; lat. 44'' 53' N., Ion. 8* iz' E. 
Pop. 20,240. It was the birth-place of AUieri. Asti has a cathedral and other 
fine churches, with some silk mills ; good wine is produced in the vicinity. 

Hotel— Reale. 

T. M.— 7.S. 6(1. 

ATHENS. — Route from London, see Marseilles or Trieste; 
ihcnce by steamer to the Piraeus, the port of Athens ; a railway 
connects the Piraeus with Athens. Distance, 7 miles. 



Our Ocean Iligh-s-ays. 



Cap. of Ihe modem Lingiiom of Greece, and once of ancient Atlica, is 
*Jluat<U on ib« weslon ude of the Allic penin&uln. 4 miles inland bosa Ihe 
Uulf of /ligina (an arm of the Archipcbgo), upon which is the Pitxus, its port 
— now connected wilhlhe city by nulway ; lat. 37° S^' N., Ion. 33' 38* E. Pop. 
50^000. The rninsof Ihe citadel, on icn^gyrtHJi, theancient Acropnlis, of the 
Parthenon, and of the Temple of Theseus, attest (he grandeur of Athens in the 
jierial of classic ■ntiquily. The modem city (which lies chiefly to the N.E. 
of the ancient site) mm Mime line and wide streets ; Ihe royal palace, the 
nnivenity, and thecalhedntl, being amongst the most prominent edifices. The 
minor buildjngi comprise gymnosin, hc^itali, churches, bonscks, the royal 
mint, observatory, iheatte, ami an English chapel. 

PMlal — Letters from England to Greece, by French packet, not exceeding 
I 01. Sd., from i 01. to I at. is. 4<i., I 01. to \\ ra. as. ; regiilr. fee 4d. ; 
newspapers not exceeding 4 <a. 4d. ; viS Italy, nol exceeding \ o(. is., from \ 
ox. to I or. zs., from i 01. to It 01. 3a. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers nol 
exceeding 4 01. 3d. 

Money— /l sterling is equivalent lo 28 dmchmai 30 lepla ; 1 drachmai W 
100 Icpla, or Sid. Gold drachmaii, 15s, ; .silver 5 dracbmais, js. 9d. French 
money passes current . 

Weights, &c — The canbiro (40okes)=iii Iba. avoinliipoiK. Mca-inies t\K 
length are as the Venetian, the bracdo being called a piche. 

(I'ireus) Comnil (British)— C. L. W. Merim, E»i. 
(.American)— Robert P. Keep. Ewi, 

(Alhen-s) Bank— llraiich of Ionian Bank, C. I,. W. Merlin, Esi., mang. 
I.on<fon correspondent, the Ionian Bank, 31, Fmsbury-circus, E.C. 

'"' us) Lloyd's Agent— Vacant. 



ATHLONE. — Route from London by Irish mail traitis, see 
page lii, via Chester antl Holyhead. 

A town and pari. bor. of Ireland, on both banks of the Shannon, a short 
ilistance below ils outlet from Lough Ree, cos. Roscommon and Weslmealh. 
18 m. .S.E. Roscommon and 60 m. from Dublin, on the Midland Gl. Weslcm 
Ky. : lat. 53° 26' N., Ion. 70° 54' W. Pop. 6,Zoo. Near Athlone is a chaly. 
bealc spring, of excellent quality. 

Memlier of Parliament— John James Ennis, Esq. (L), London resilience, 
41, .'^t. James's- place, S.W. 

■tank — Branch of the National Bank, J. S, Darling, E«]., mang. ; Ix>ikIod 
corrc-pondent, the .\ational Bank, 13, Old Broad- '.treel, E.C. 

AUCH.— Route from Ix)ndon, see Agen, thence by rail, 7/4 
Astalfort, rieurance. 

An inbnil city of France, cap. dcp. Gers, situated on the river (Jers (an 
affluent of the Garonne), 44 m. W, by N. of Toulouse ; lat. 43" 3S' N,, Ion. 
o" 35' E. It is a place of great antiquity, with a hue cathedral and a royal 
collide, and has considerable trade, chiefly in the produce of Ihe adjacent dis- 
trici, wine, fruits, &c. Pop. ll,Soa 

Motel- Du Chemin de Fer 1 De France 

T. M.— 3^ 4d. 



/ 




30 Our Ocean Highways. 



AUCKLAND. — Route from London, see Melbourne; thence 
by local steamer. 

A sca-portof New Zealand, North island, cap. prov. of same name, situated 
on N. side of a narrow isthmus which divides the waters of the Gulf of Hanraki 
nnd Manukau harbour ; lat. 36" 5 T S. , Ion. 1 74** 46' E. Pop. io,ooa It has some 
good buildings, amongst which are the former government house, law courts 
churches, &c. Auckland was formerly the capital of the colony, but since the 
removal of the seat of the general government to Wellington (in 1865), its pros- 
perity has been materially checked. The climate of New Zealand, as mr a^ 
salubrity is concerned, has a marked superiority over that of England ; in the 
North island, except on the higher portions of Mount Egmont and a few other 
lofty summits, snow is never seen, but the winter is wet. ITie mean temp, of 
Auckland is 58° Fahr. Emigration agents in London, A. F. Ridgway and Sons 
2, Waterloo-place, Pall Mall, S. W. The value of the annual imports amounts 
to about a million sterling, but the exports are comparatively trifling. 

Consul (American) — 

Bank — Bank of New Zealand (Chief Office), lliomas M. Stewart, Esq., 
niang. ; London correspondent, the Bank of New Zealand, 50, Old Broad- 
.stiecl, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Brown, Campbell and Co. 

AUGSBURG. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, I'id Dover, Calais, or Dover and 
Ostend, Bmssels, Aix-la-Chapelle, Cologne, Mayence, Darmstadt, 

Bruchsal, Stuttgard, Ulm. 

An ancient city of S. ficrmany, kingd. Ba\'aria,|between the rivers Wertachand 
the Loch, 90 m. X. \V. Munich, and 58 m. S. Nureml)erg ; lat. 48" 22' N., Ion. 
15'' 54' E. Pop. 50,000. The city is surrounded with fine pasture lands and 
])cautiful and fertile plains. The churches, town house, and other pablic 
buil(lin{;s are very fine. In the bishop's palace the Lutherans presented 
their confession ot faith to the Emperor Charles V. in 1530. ITic manufiictiiTeit 
and commercial relations of Augsbui^ are considerable ; printing is carried on 
extensively ; the Augsburj^ AUgenuitu Zeitung is the most widely circulated 
newspaper of Germany. 

( "onsul (American) — Gustave Jarecki, Esq. 

Bank— Paul de Stettin ; I^ndon correspondent, the National Bank, 13, 
Old Broad-street, E.C. ( Circular notes, ) 

Hotel — Die Drie Mohren. 

T. M. — 6s. 

AURUNGABAD. — Route from London, see Bombay; 
thence by Bombay and Nagpore Ry. 

An inland city of India, within the dominions of the Nizam, on an affluent 
of the Upj^r (lodavery, situated 175 m. N.E. of BOTibay; lat. I9*53^N., 
Ion. 75*" 21 £. Pop. about 50,00a It was formerly of uuqgcr size »Cn al 
present, and many of its former structures (amongst them a palace built by 
Auningzebe) are in ruins. 

T. M.— 57s. 

AUSTIN. — For steamers to New Orleans, see Table; thence 
by local steamer (daily) to Galveston ; dience by rail. 



Our Oeuin Highways. 



n of Nevada, U.S., Ihc ci 
of the Reese river, and o 
ihe Rocky Mountains and the chain of the Sicrm Nevada.; Int. 39''i6'M., 
116* 40' W. It is cntireljf of modem growth, owing its existence lo the rapid 
development of industry in connection with the silver and olhcr mines of Ihe 
st»te of Nevada. 

Hotel— Stringer's. 

T. M.-45S. 

AUTUN. — Route from London bv rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, Melun, Fontainebleau, 
Nemours, Montargis, Chatillon, S. Loire, Nevers, Etang (junc.) 

An ancient and handsome episcopol lown of France, dep. Sa&ne-el- Loire, 
43 m. S.W, Dijon, on the railway from Dijon to Nevers ; kt. 46* 57' N., Ion. 
4 19' E. Pop. 12,400. It is picturoiQucJy sitnated at the foot of a range of 
wooded hitls, and has some fine public buildings, including hotel de ville and 
catlicdral, bciides some ialeresling remains of Koman antiquily. Manufac- 
tures : cotton velvet, hosiery, &c. 

Hotel-DelaPmte. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

AUXERRE. — Route from Ixjndon by rail (fixed mail ser- 
virt-s), see pages Iv lo btxii, rv'.i Dover, Calais, Paris, Melun, 
Montereau, and Laroche (June.) 

An ancient town of France, dep. Yonne, on the 1. bank of that river, 34 m. 
S. E.ofSens, on the Paris and LyonsrailwayjUl. 47*40' N., Ion. 3°34'E. Pop. 
15,500. The episcopal palace is one of the handsomest in France, and the 
churches are very beautiful. 

Hotel — Le Leopard. 

T. M.-3S. 4*1. 

AVIGNON.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, Lyons. 

A large town of Fiance, dep. Vauclusc, on the 1. bank of the Rhone, 20 m. 
N.E. Nismes, and a station on the railway between Lyons and Marseilles ; lat. 
43° S/ ^■' l""' 4° 4^ ^' '"''?■ 361400. Avignon wa.s formerly the residence 
of the popes, and is now the see of an archbishop. The principal buildings arc 
the ancient pontifical palace, now turned into barracks, the hold dc ville, the 
university, a museum, and an old cathedral. There arc some fine public 
fountains. The trade consists of silk stufTs and velvets, also woollen and cotton 
fabrics. 15 m. E. from Avignon is the Fontaine de Vauctuse, celebrated for 
the picturcsqueness of its scenery, but more so as having been the residence of 

The Uttle town of Villeneuve les Aviono.n, opposite Avignon, on the 
t. bank of the Rhone, is well worthy of a iHsit, on account of the many ancient 
^nd beautiful monuments it contains, especially that of Pope Innocent VI., in 
the chapel of the hospital. The castle of Si. Andre, the ruins of the Chartreuse, 
and the tower of Philip le Bel arc amongst its antiquarian attractions. 

Bank— Julius de Speyre ; London correspondents, Messrs. Herries, Far- 
'juhar, and Co., 16, St. James's-slreet, S.W. (Circularnela.) 

Hotel— De I'Europe. 

T. M.— 3*. 4d. 




32 Our Ocean Highways. 

AVRANCHES. — Route from London see Granville, thence 

by diligence. 

A town of France, dep. Manche, lying 5 miles inland from the Bay of Can- 
cale, 63 m. S. of Cherbourg, and 31m. E. of St. Malo ; lat. 48' 41 N., Ion. 
i" 2\' W. Pop. 8,600. It is within the limits of Normandy, and has some 
relics of former English dominion. It is a favourite resort of English visitors. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. A. F. Thompson, B.A. 

Bank — Messrs. Gilbert Jeune, Fils ; London correspondent, Messrs. 
Ilerries, Farquhar, and Co., 16, St. James's-street. (Circular notes.) 

Hotel — D'Angletcrre. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

AYLESBURY.— Route from London by London and N. 
W. Ry., (Kuston Square), 6.25, 7.40, 9.5, 10.10 a.m.; and 1.45, 
4.15, 6, and 7 p.m. ; Sundays, 8.30 a.m., and 2.45 p.m. Fares: 
6s. 9d. 1st cl., 4s. 9d. 2nd cl., 3s. 3rd cl. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Buckingham, 16 m. S.E. Bucking- 
ham, and 42 i m. from London by the London and N. W. Ry., with which it 
is connected by a branch line ; lat. 51° 48' N., Ion. O* 50' W. Pop. of pari. 
bor. 27,000. 

Members of Parliament — County Bucksy Caledon G. Du Pre, Esq., (C), 
I^ondon residence, 40, Portland-place, W. ; Rt. Hon. B. Disraeli, (C), Londoo 
residence, I, ( irosvenor-gate, W. ; Nathaniel G. I^mbcrt, Esq., (L), London 
residence, 21, lA)wndes-square, S.W. City^ N. M. de Rothschild, (L), Lon- 
don residence, 6, Buckingham-gate, S.W. ; S. G. Smith, Esq., (C), London 
residence, 5, All)einarle-street, W. 

Rank — Branch of London and County Bank, A. Selfe, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent, London and County Bank, 21, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel — The George. 

AYR. — Route from London, No. i, by London and N. W. 
Ry., (Euston Square Station), vid Carlisle and Dumfries; No. 2, 
by (It. N. Ry. (King's Cross Station). Fares: 69s. 9d. ist cl., 
5 IS. 2nd cl., 32s. 4d. 3rd d. 

A sea-port of Scotland, cap. co., on river Ayr, 65 m. S.W. £dinbtii]gh, 
with which it is connecte<l by railway ; lat. of lighthouse, 55* 28' N., Ion. 
4" 39' ^V., with a fixed light on the N. pier. Pop. 8,200. 1,609 vessels, of 
119,772 tons burden, entered and cleared the port m 1869. 

Menil)ers of Parliament — Ayrshire^ Norths William Finnie, Esq., (L), 
I^ondon residence, 95, Eaton-place, S.W. ; Southy Sir D. Wedderbum, Bart.* 
(L), London residence, 105, Pall-mall, S.W. 

Bank — Clydesdale Banking Company, R. M. Kay, Esq., agent ; Lcmdon 
correspondent, London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbury, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — James Baird, Esq. 

Hotel — King's Arms. 

AZORES — See ANGRA and ST. MICHAEL. 
BAD OEYENHAUSEN.— Route from London by rail. 



Our Oc&in Higka^s. 33 

fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, or 
Dover, Ostend, Bnissela, Cologne, Bremen, thence by sleamer 
and diligence. 

A rillage and bathine P'*cc of Prnuiui Gemuny, prav. WcMphalia, lying 
a short distance Irnni tlie 1, bank of the Woer, and a rew miles S.W. of the 
Minden ; kt. 51" 11' N., Ion. 8* 55' E. Its wislcncc is inlitely due to ils hot 
siline ^prines, diitcncrcd in 1845. There is ollractive scenery in its neighbour, 
hood, mcluding the fmiious "Wcstphalian Gates." 

Holel— VoEclci-, 

T. M.-fr., 

BAD£N, Austria.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viti Dover, Calais, or Dover, Ostend, 
Brussels, Cologne, Vienna, Modling. 

A lown erf Lower Ausirin, 15 111, S. by W. of Vienna, lying at the fool of 
Ihe Styiion Alps ; Ut. 48* 1' N,, Ion. 16* 14' E. Pop. 7,59a It< hot sul- 
phureous springs, exlen»ve1y U',«l bolh for bathing and drinking, give it wide 
cclebritv. The scenery in the ndghbourhood is highly attractive. 

Bank — Me«sn. 11. Miilter el Cic. London correijHiniJcnt. Meura. HemM, 
I'arquhar, and Co., 16, St, Jomcs's-sltect, S.W. 

liolel— Gniiicii Ilaum. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BADEN, Swit/. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, or Dover, Ostend, 
Brussels, Cologne, Frankfort, Bale, Zurich, Schaffhausen, Wald- 

shut. 

A (own of .SH'ilzerlanrl, cant. Aargau, situated on the river Limmat, I3 m. 
N.W. of Zurich, and nearly the same distance (o ihe N.E. of Aaisu ; Lai. 
47' 28" N., Ion. 8° 17' K. it is (as the name indicates) one of the many places 
of resort on account uf its mineral wateis, which are sulphureous, and of high 
tcmperalure. 

T. M.-S-'. fo<l. 

BADEN-BADEN.— Route from London by rail, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Cha- 
lons, Nancy, Sirasburg, and Kehl ; or viA Dover, Calais, Brussels, 
Cologne, Heidelberg, and Carlsruhe ; or ri6 Dover and Ostend. 

A town of Iho grand duchy of Baden, famous for ils hot mineral batbc, 
romantically silu.itcd on the Rhine, 4 m. S. KaMadl ; lat. 48° 46' N., Ion. 
«' 16' E. Pu]i. 9,300. Ilatlen-Haden is sllunled eooft. above the levei of the 
>ca, in a charming valley overlooked by Ihe hills of Ihe Hbck Forest. Ituill 
un ils mountain slopes, it stretches along the little stream of the Oos, an affiueni 
of Ihe Rhine. Its locality uas already familiar to the Romans ; the eni]u;ror<: 
Adrian and Caracalla cslahlbhed bnlhs here, whence it bore the cla&sic name, 
" Civilas Aurclia Anuensi-.." ll divides into two distinct parts, Ihe old ton-n 
on Ihe height, and the new town at the foot of ihe hill, with its fine hotels and 
handsome houses. The old quarter has preserved many antiquities amongst 
others the Roman bath, a fragment of that built by Caracalla. The grand 




34 Our Ocean Highways. 



ducal castle, on the summit of the hill, was built in 1478, and has been 
destroyed and rebuilt twice. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. J. B. Hawkins, B.D. 

Bank — Messrs. G. Miiller ct Cie., 156, Leopold's Strasse. London cor- 
respondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. (Circular notes,) 

Hotel— De Hollandc. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BAD GASTRIN, or WILDBAD GASTEIN, Aus- 
tria, — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see pages 
Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, or Dover, Ostend, Brussels, Co- 
logne, Mayence, Wiirzburg, Linz, Vienna, Salzburg, thence by 
diligence. 

A village and bathing place of Austrian Germany, prov. Salzburg, Wing 
amidst the romantic scenery of the Noric Alps, on the northern slopes of^ the 
mountain chain, at an elevation of 3,000 ft. above the sea, 50 m. S. of the town 
of Salzburg ; lat. 47"* / N., Ion. 13" 8' E. The Gasteiner Thai (or valley) lies 
in the direction of N. and S., and is traversed by a torrent which joins the river 
Salza, an affluent of the Inn, on its r. bank. The springs, which are thennal, 
are impregnated with salt, carbonate of magnesia, and lime. 

Hotel — Moser. 

T. M. — 6s. 

BAGDAD. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, r/i Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, I«yons, Va- 
lence, Avignon, and Marseilles, steamer from Marseilles (Mes- 
sageries Imperiales) to Beyrout, thence by horse to Damascus (3 
days), thence by horse to Bagdad (15 days) ; or, viA Alexandretta 
(which see), thence by horse to Antioch, Aleppo, Orfa, Diarbekir, 
Mardin, Mosul (Nineveh), and Kerkook ; or, vi& Samsoon (which 
see), thence by horse to Tokat, Sivas, Karput, Diarbekir, and as 
above ; or via Trieste (which see). For steamers, see Table. 

An ancient city of Asiatic Turkey, situated chicflv on 1. bank of river Ti- 
gris, lat. 33* 20' N., Ion. 44* 25' E. It is the cap. ot an extensive pashalick, 
and is still a place of considerable commercial importance, though much de- 
clined from its former greatness, when (during part of the middle ages) it was 
the capital of the empire of the Caliphs. Its present pop. is probaUy under 
50,000. There arc some large and well supplied baau^s. The importa- 
tion of English and Indian produce and manufacture is steadily increasing ; it 
comprises the through trade with Bombay, by means of the Euphrates and 
Tigris Steam Navigation Company's steamers. The exports, namely, wool* 
grain, horses, skins, and dates, amounted to about 3,000,000 piastres daring 
the year 1868 ; the imports, mostly from India and Persia, and consisting of 
tobacco, indigo, silks, carpets, cotton, linen and woollen manufactures, goat- 
hair tents, sheep, drugs, &c., amounted to about 20 millions of piastres. The 
trade is extensive with Mosul and Bussorah, in metals, ores, and timber. 

Consul (Jencral (British) — Lieut. Col. Herbert. 

Vice Consul ,, Michael Minos, Esq. 

Bank — lx>ndon and Bagdad Banking Association ; London correspondent, 
London and Bagdad Banking Association, 71, Gt. Tower-street, E.C. 



Our Occmi Him 



= 134* "«. 

BAGN6rES-DE-B1G0RRE. — Route from London by 
rail, fixed nmil services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, 
Paris, Orleans, Vietzon, St. Sebastian, Perigueux, \lviere, Tou- 
louse, and Tarbes. 

A town of France, dcp. Ilxnles Pyrenees, on the river Ailoar, in a. delightful 
sitiiatkin, lom, S.S.E. Tarbes ; laC. 43° 3" N., Ion. o' 5' E. Po^. 9,400. li 
derives its name from wum suiphureous and other walerri, and a much frc- 

Suenled during the summ«r months. Besides the bathing e*tabli),liments, 
leie are several places of public retort, concert' rooms, ihctklre, &c. 
Clergyman (Prate.'iUnt)— Kev. Charles D. Bloomfield. 
Bank — Messrs. H. Vincent and Menginoer ; London correspondent, the 
National Bank, 13. Old Brond-sireet, ILC. (CireulamUn.) 
Hotel de France. 
T. M.-3^. 4<1- 

BAGNERES-DE-LUCHON.— Route from Ix)ndon by 
rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, 
Paris, Bordeaux, Tarbes, Montrejean ; thence by ililigence. 

A village and bathing place of France, dep. Haules Pyrenees, 33 m. S.E. 
of the above, within the valley of the river Pique, an atfluent of the Upper 
(iaronne ; lal. 42° 46' N., Ion, 0° 37' K- Pop. l,va- II has wann sulphureous 
and olher springs, and enjoys deserved celebrity Ijoia its proximity lo the lincst 
scenery of the Pyrenees. 

Hotel— IJes Bains. 

T- M.— 3s. 4d. 

B AG NOLLES.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vuk Dover, Calais, Paris, Le Mans, 
Alen^on, Mezidon ; thence by diligence. 

A bathing place of France, dep, Ome, near (he liUle town of Couterno, 
25 m. N.W. of Alen^n ; lat. 48° 31' X-. Ion. o" 24' W. Il lies within a pic- 
luresque i-aliey, traversed by an aifluenl of Ihe river Mayenne. The iialers am 
some of Ihem chalybcale, others sulphureous. 

Hotel— Lacom be. 

T. M.-3S. 4d. 

BAHIA or SAN SALVADOR.— For steamers, sec 

Tables. 

An iniporlant sea.port of Bmiil, on the Atlantic Ocean, IC. coa...t of S. 
America, between the ports of Pemambuco in the X. and Kio de Janeiro in llii- 
S. ; lat. I2*57'S., Ion. 38° 30' W. Pop. 200,000. The trade earricl on 
by Bahia coastwise and with Europe anti Ihe United Slates is very F\tcn- 
sive, Ihe exports consisting principally of sugar, cotton, coffee, tobacco, hides, 
iliamonds, &c. ; and ibe imports of collon manufactures, woollen and linen 
stuffs wine, copper, iron, &c. The nutnber of vessels, of all nations, jiiriving 
nl Bahia in 1S69 was 464 (210 of them British), with a tonnage of 195,722 : 
the departures numbered 430 vessels, with a tonnage of 188,761. The value of 




36 Our Ocean Htgfnvays. 



British imports was ;£'i,766,734 ; exports, ;f 1,616,027. The Bahia and San 
Francisco railway communicates with the extensive valley of the river San 
Francisco. 

Consul (British) — ^John Morgan, Esq. 
,, (American) — R. A. Edes, Escj. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. G. A. Caley, M.A. 

Bank — London and Brazilian Bank (Branch), Limited ; London corres- 
pondent, London and Brazilian Bank, 2, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Schraunn, Wylie, and Co. 



BAIREUTH (or BE YREUTH).— Route from London by 
rail, fixed mail .services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, or 
Dover, Ostend, Brussels, Cologne, Frankfort, Leipzig, Eger,Weiden. 

A town of Bavaria, S. Germany, situated on one of the feeders of the Upper 
Main (the Rother Main), near the foot of the Fichtel Gebirge, 41 m. N.N.E. 
from Niimberg; lat. 49° 5/ N., Ion. ii' 36' E. Pop. 19,460. The pic- 
turest|ue environs give it great attraction ; amongst objects of interest is a statue 
of Jean Paul Richter, who died here in 1825. 
' 1 lot el — Eiscnhahner Hof. 

T. M.— 15s. 6d. 

BAKU. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Russia, on the W. coast of the Caspian Sea, 30010. S. of 
Astrakhan ; lat. 40' 32' N., Ion. 49** 53' E. l*op. 6,000. The town is pro- 
tected by a citadel, and has a good harbour. 

BALAKLAVA. — For steamers, see Sebastopol. 

A sea-port of Russia in the Crimea, 18 m. S.E. Selxistopol ; lat. 44* 29' N., 
Ion. 33" 31' E. Top. 5,000. A great Ixittle was fought here on the 25th Oct., 
1854, between the Russian and the allied Anglo- Erench troops. The harbcor 
i'. a verygoovl one. 

BALEARIC ISLANDS. — See MAJORCA and 
MINORCA. 

BALFROOSH.— Route from London, see St Petersburg; 

thence by rail via Moscow, Nijni-Novgorod ; thence by Valja 
steamer touching at Astrakhan, on the Caspian. 

A commercial city of Persia, prov. Mazanderan, lying 12 m. S. from the 
shore of the Caspian ; lal. 36^ 33 N., Ion. 52'' 51' E. Pop. about ICO^ooa 
It has considerable trade in 2>ilk and cotton goods, and iron is vvorkea in its 

vicinity. 

BALL A RAT. — For steamers to Mellx)ume, see Tables. 

An inland town of Victoria, Australia, 62 m. W.N.W. from MdbonnHV 
and 47 m. N.W. from Geelong, lat. 37" 34' S., Ion. 143* 50' E. Pop. 35,OO0u 
It lies witliin one of the most productive of the Australian gold-fields. 

Hanks -Bank of Victoria ; London correspondent, Sank ot Victomt 3» 
'1 hrcadnecille-street, K.C. ; Chartered Bank of Australia, Lon. ccr., Nitiooal 
Provincial Bank of England, 1 12, Bishopsgate-street-within, £.C. ; Unioa 
Bank of Australia, Lon. cor.. Chief olhce, i, Bank-buildiogs, Lothbuj, £,C ; 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Colonial Bank of AiulniluL, Lon. cor.. Colonial Bank of Anstralio, 4, Royal 
Eichangc-builtlit^, Cornhill, E.C. ; Bank of Auitraluua, Lun. cor,, Bank uf 
Auslralaiia, 4, ■rhreodnccdle-street, K.C, ; Bank of New Soulh Wales, Lon. 
cor.. Bank of New South Wales, 64, Old Broail-rtrect, E.C. 

BALLENITA. — For steamers, see Tables. 
A seaport of Ecuador, on ilie W. cout of K. Aoierica, S.W. of Quilo, 
on Ihe S, I'acific Ocean ; lol. l' 3' S., lon. Si" 5' W. 

BALLINA. — Route from I^ndon by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, vi& Chester and Holyhead. 

A port uf treUnii. on the Moy, t6m. N.N.E Ca.stlebar, and isonL from 
Dublin ; la(. 54° 7' N., Ion. 9' 9' W. Pop. 5,000. Two mild fram Balllna 
arc Ihe ruins of Connor Ca-ille. W)7 vessels, irf 17,543 ions burden, entered anil 
cleared Ihe port during Ihe year 1869. 

Baok^Nalional brink (Branch), James Jackson, Emj., mang. ; London 
corrcspondenl, Ihe National Bank, 13, Old Broad ■slttet, L.C. 

Hotel— Moy. 

BALTIMORE.— For steamers, see Tables. 

.\ sta-port ,:,{ iIil- U, Staic'i and pn.idp.il town in Maryland ; lal 39° 30' 
>■,;■!: :■ v, ■■\ . ..:■!. -'A I ..!■■■:;■■., :.ii.[ :86 m. from New 

■S". ilr.ite. Pop. 167,000. 

Chesapeake Bay. Being buill tenocewise on ihe hill slopes, it presents a 
striking appearance from the river, the ceiebrated monument of Washington [a 
I)oric column, more than lOO ft. high, surmounted by a colostol statue) soaring 
above all other .slmctutes. Baltimore has not only recovered its fonner pros- 
perity, lost for a time during the dii>astrous dvjt war, but is gaining a commer- 
cial importance which before long will only render Ihisport second to that of 
New Vork and Boston. Dnring the past year 100 steamers and 9013 sailing 
vessels carried on the trade of the port. The imports amounted to 13^ million 
dollars, gold, dnring 1B6S ; the exports to nearly 15 million dollan in currency. 
The principal imports which showed an increase were sugar, molasses, fruit, 
fish, and iron ; the amount of duties collected on these in 1868 was 6i millions 
of <lollars. against less than half that sum in 1865. Nearly 100,000 bales of 
cotton were exported from Baltimore last year, beingtreble the number of bales 
exported in 1S65. This port being the nearest Atlantic market to a large 
section of cotton-growing districts, and having great railwajr and other faci- 
lities for transport, there can be no iloubl that raw cotton will find its way in 
very large and increasing quantities to Baltimore, both for manufacture and 
exjKirt There are already twenty cotton factories in and near Baltimore, em- 
ploying more than 5,000 hands. 

Consul (British)— H. T. A. Rainals, Esq. 

Vice Consul (British)— John J. Jackson, Esq. 

Bonk — Messrs. Brown, Brothers, and Co. London correspondent, Messrs. 
Brown, Shipley, and Co., Founders-court, Lothbuty, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— James C. Coale, Esq. 



BAHBERG.— Route from London by rait, fixed mail ser- 




38 Our Ocean Highways. 



vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viCi Dover, Calais, or Dover, Ostend, 
Brussels, Cologne, Frankfort. 

A town of Bavaria (S. Germany), attractively situated on the bonks of the 
river Regnitz, a short (li.>>tance above its junction with the Main, 33 m. N.N. W. 
from Niimberg ; lat. 49** 54' N., Ion. lo** 54' E. Pop. 26,00a It is a well 
liuilt place, highly attractive as a place of residence for visitors, a cathedral — 
one of the finest in Germany — being amongst its objects of interest. 

Hotel — Bamberger Hof. 

T. M. — 6s. 

BANBURY. — Rail from London (Euston Square) 9.5, 
10.10, and II a.m. ; 3, 5, and 7, p.m. Sundays, 10 a.m. Fares : 
145. I St cl. ; I OS. 3d. 2nd cl. ; 6s. 6d. 3rd cl. 

A town and pari. Iwr. of England, co. Oxford, near r. bank of river Cher- 
well, 17 m. \V.N.W. Buckingham, and 78 m. N.W. Ix)ndon by London and 
X. W. Ry., with which it is connected by a branch line from Bletchley, and 
is also oil the Oxford and Binningham branch of the Gt. \V. Ry. ; lat- 
53^ 4 N., Ion. I** iS' W. Pop. 10,200. 

Member of Parliament — Bernhard Samuelson, £.sq. (L), London residence, 
69, Princes-gate, \V. 

Bank — London and County Bank, R. Havers, Esq., mang. ; London cor- 
respondent, London and County Bank, 21, Lomlxuxl-street, E.C. 

Hotel — The Red Lion. 

BAN DON. — Route from Ix)ndon by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, via Chester and Holyhead ; thence by steamer to Kings- 
town ; thence by Gt. Southern and Western Ry. 

A town and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Cork, 12 m. S.W. Cork, and iSo 
ni. from Dublin by railway ; lat. $1*45' ^m ^o*^- 8*42' W. Pop. of pari. bor. 
6,200. A small imix>rt and a large export trade in com and butter is carried 
on. Not far from Bandon is the old castle of Dundaneere, likeuise a good 
clialybeate spring. 

Member of Parliament — William .Shaw, Ksq. (L), London residence, 43^ 
Pall Mall, S.W. 

Bank — Provincial Bank of England (Branch), Henry J. Simms^ Esq. 
mang. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, and Ca, 54 Lombua* 
street, E.C 

] lotel — Commercial. 

BANFF. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, see 
pages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vi& Carlisle ; 
Gt. X. Ry. (King's Cross), via York. 

A soa-port and pari. bor. of Scotland, cap. co. Banff, 44 nL N.W. Aber* 
decn ; lat. 57' 40' N., Ion. 2" 30' W. Pop. of pari, bor., 6,70a The Unm is 
.seated on the sIo]>e of a hill, at the mouth of the Doveran. A brid|*e unites the 
town with Macduff, and its harbour has a (;ood pier. Banff unites with Elgin, 
Cullen, Inverury, Kintorc, and Peterhead to send one member to the House of 
C^)mmonN. (See Elgin). 634 vessels, of 42,643 tons burden, entered and 
clearwl the jHirt during the year 1869. 

Member) of (Parliament — Count)\ Robert W. Duff, Esq. (L), London 



Our Ocean Highways. 39 

d«nce. Brook's Club, S.W. ; BarougA, Mountilaiul E. Grant Duff, Esq, (L), 
London residence, 4, Queeo's-gate-gBrdais, W. 

Bank— Commercial Bank of S«oiUnd, Wm. Auld, Esq,, m«ng. ; London 
correspondent, tlie National Bank, 13, Old BtoKl-sCreel, E.G. 

BANGALORE. — For route from London, sec Madras; 
thence by rail. 

A fodifiol (own of Mysore, S. India, 215 m. from Bomliay, and 180 m. 
W. by S. from Madras ; Ut. ll' 58' N., Ion. 77' 39' E. Pop. 70,000. Tlie 
lown is surrounded with walls, and i,s defended by a fort which contain* ihe 
palace of Tippoo Sahib, It b connected by a branch line with theGt. Southern 
of India (Mndra^) rulway, 316 m. from Madras 

BANGKOK. — For route from London, see Singapore; 
thence by local steamer line. 

Capital of the kingdom of Siam and its principal sea-port, Mands on both 
sides of ihe Meuam; lat. i3°4rN., Ion. loi'ii' E., ij m. N. the Gulf of 
Siam. Pop. 300,000. The Meiuun is nearly i m. wide here, and vessels op 
to 150 tons burden nuy ixlway> reach Bangkok in safety. The town is exlen- 
*lve ; the palace of the king, the court, and the offidals forming npante parts 
occupying a lot^ area. Part of the population live npoo r^ on the river. 
The buildings, mclading the temples, ore plaitt The Siamese are striving 
10 attain excellence in European maufactures, and to avikil ibetnselvea of 
our mechanical appliances. Iron bridges hate been erected over some of 
their creeks ; gas-works have been erected in the palaces of Ihe king and 
the prime minister ; slcam dredges have been put together to cleanse Ihe 
river; steam mills have been eteclerl with niachinery imported from Eng- 
tand. fn <Aot1, there i* good hope of growing commercial intercourse, '["he 
total exports, consisting prindfolly of rice, sugar, salt 6sh, teak, gum, 
span wood, peas, rose wood, and specie, amounted to more than a million 
sterling during last year ; the imports, consisting of manufactured and fancy 
goods, liquors, opium, silks, &c., to nearly a million sterling. A canal U 
in progress to Ratburi, to open direct communication with the rice districts in 
the interior. A lighthouse has been erected, to show (he anchorage and 

Money, &c.^The "tical" is the silver coin = 3s. 6d. Spanish dollars 
worth 4!^ 3d. are taken in payment, at the rate of 3 dollars for 5 licals. There 
arc some pewter coins, hjdf and quarter phainung ; Ihe latter nearly = i<i. ; 
4 phainungs = 1 fuang ; 2 fuangs = 1 miam ; 4 miams = I tical ; 4 ticals = I 
tamlug ; 30 lamlui^p = l catty = j^\o ; 100 catties = I pecul = ^1,000. 

IVeights, &c.— I catty = af lbs. ; 50 catties = 1 pecul = 133^ lbs. 

The Siamese divide the lunar month into two parts, the increasing and the 
waning moon. The days of the second half also number from I to 14 or 15. 
Even months have 30 days, odd ones 29. Every 19 years 3 days are added. 

Consul (Jeneral (British) — Thoma.s Geort-e Knox, Esq. 

Consul (American)— F. W. Partridge, Esq. 

}tank — Hong-kong and Shanghai Banking Company ; London corres- 
pondent, Hong-kong and Shanghai Banking Co., 33, Nicholas- lane, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— John Blyth, Esq., or the officer for the time being acting 
for the Borneo Company Limited. 

BANGO R( Ireland) — Route from London by Irish mail trains, 
see page lii, viA Chester and Holyhead, or w^ Fleetwood (which see). 




40 Our Ocean Htgfiways, 



A sea-port of Ireland, co. Down, prov. Ulster, 90 m. N. Dublin, and 13 m. 
E.N.E. Belfast ; lat. 54** 8' N., Ion. 9-42' W. Pop. 2,530. The town is 
situated on the S. side of the Bay of Carrickfergus. In summer Bangor is a 
favourite resort for sea bathing. 

Member of Parliament — Lord A. £. Hill-Trevor (C), I^ndon residence, 
Carlton Club, S.W. 

Bank — Belfast Banking Company, A. G. Cuthbert, £s([., mang. ; London 
correspondents. Union Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.C 

Hotel— Castle. 

BANGOR, Wales. — Rail from London (Eiiston Square), 
6.15, 9, and II a.m. ; 2.45, 5, and 9.15 p.m. Sunday trains, 10 
a.m. ; 5, and 9.15 p.m. Fares: 42s., 31s. 6d., 19s. lod. 

A sea-port of N. Wales, co. Camar\'on, 36 m. W. of St. Asaph, and 226i 
m. from London by London and N. W. Ry. ; lat. 53* and 13' N., Ion. 4* 8* W. 
Pop. 10,600. Bangor is the see ofabiishop. Principal buildings : bishop's 
palace and cathedral. The harbour is accessible to vessels of 200 to 300 tons ; 
the trade, however, is comparatively insignificant, and is confined to the import 
of coals and other necessaries. 

Member of Parliament — W. B. Hughes, Esq. (L), lA>ndon residence, Union 
Club, S.W. 

Bank — The National Provincial Bank of England, Richard M. Griffith, 
mang. ; London correspondent, the National Provincial Ikmk of England, 1 13^ 
Bishopsgate-street- within, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Parry and Co. 

Hotel — Penryn Arms. 

BAR-LE-DUC (or BAR-SUR-ORNAIN).— Route ftom 

London by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, riVf Dover, 
Calais, Paris, Epemay, Blesme. 

An inland town of France, dep. Meusc, situated in the \-aIlcy of the Onuiin 
river (an aiHuent of the Mame), nearly midway 1)etwcen the towns of ChiloDS- 
sur-Mamc and Nancy ; lat. 48'* 46' N., Ion. 5*' 10' E. Pop. 15,300. It is 
noted for its confitures, great quantities of which are exi>ortea. Ine town con- 
tains a htatue of Marshal Oudinot, who was bom there. 

Hotel — Grand Cerf. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

BARBADOES.— For steamers, see Table. 

One of the British W. India islands the easternmost of the Windward 
chain, is 23 m. in length and 15 m. in breadth. Bridgetown, the capita], if ia 
lat. 13" 12 N., Ion 59** 4^ W. Pop. of island (i860) 152,000. Climate healthy. 
Imports consist principally of cottons, linens, woollens, &c. ; exports piiii* 
cipally sugar and molasses, the former chiefly consigned to London merchants 
for sale, the latter purchased by Americans. The produce averages aboot 40 
tons of sugar and 20 puncheons of molasses annually. The tonnage entered 
inwards in 1869 was 140,560 tons, in 1,350 vessels. 

Postal — letters from England to Barbadoes under \ oz. is., I oz. as. ; 
registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers id. Money orders are issued, which arcavailabk. 

Consul (American) — Robert T. HaUey, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ D. C. Da Costa, Esq. 



Our Ocean ffighwi^s. 



Bonk — Messrs. Michael Cbvid el Cie ; London correspondent, M'e^srs. 
Herriei, Fartjuhar, and Co., l6, Si, James's-street, S.W. (Circtiiar rtola.) 
IJoyd's Ageni — Mcsf^rs. Michael Civoa Et Cie. 

BARCELONA.— For steamers, sec Table. Route from 
London by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, 
Calais, Paris, Orleans, Perigueux, Agen, Montauban, Toulouse, 
Narbonne, Perpigoan, Rosas, and Gerona. 

A sea-porl, and also a large, rich, and strong clly of Spain, on the 
Mcdilcrnincan, 315 m. E.N.E. Motlrid, 124 m. N.E. Valencia, and connected 
b* railway with bo!h those cities: '»'. 41° il' N., Ion. a° 10' E. Pop. 190,000, 
llie town i.s strongly fortified, and Ls divided by a promenade, ca!li:d La 
Bxcnblu, into two pons. With the exception of the cathedral, the custom 
home, (uid the old palace of the kingi of An^n, few bnildinn are worthy of 
note. The opera enjoys coosiderame reputation ; there iiK sSio several t^B- 
aiiie libraiiea. Principal imports, cotton, sugar, hides, dye-woods, coflc^ &c. 
Alports, wix}nf|;ht lilks, soap, paper, lace, steel, &c. 

CoDEuI (Bntish) — James Huuuy, Ksq. 

Vice Consul (Bcititdi) -Jt^n Pmt, Eso. 

Consul (American) — Henry Ru^lei, ksq. 

CleTByraan (Prole«anl)— R-^v. Henry Housman, M,A. 

Bank— Messrs. Comple el Cie. ; London correspoodeDI, Messrs. Hcrric^ 
Farquhar and Co. , 16, Si. JnmesVslrect, S.W. { Circuiar neia. ) 

iJoyd's Agent — Senor Josi Serw y Foot. 

Hotel — Cuatro Naciones. 

T. M.— p. 

BAREGES. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Bordeaux, 
Tarbes, thence by diligence. 

A village and bathing place of S. Fiance, dep. Hautes Pyrenees, within 
the romantic valley of the Gave de Bostan (an affluent of (he Adige basin) ; 
23 m. S. of Tarbes; lal. 41° 51' N., Ion. o° l' E. Its hot sulphureous springs 
nuke it a crowded resort during the summer months (June to September) ; for 
the rest of tbe year it is almost deserted. Some of the grandest scenery of tbc 
Pyrenees is found within its immediate ndghbourhood. 

Bank — Messrs. H. Vincent and E. Mermnon (Bagnires de Bigorre) ; 
London correspondent, Messrs. Flerries, Farqimar and Co., 16, 'St. James's- 
Slreel, S.W. (Circular nolrs.) 

Hotel — De 1' Europe. 

T. M.— 3s 4d. 

BAREILLY.— For route, see Agra ; thence by dSlc 
A city of British India, N.W. prov., cap. of district of same name, ntnated 
on 1. bank of the Jooa. river (an affluent of the Ramgunga) ; lat. 18° 31' N., 
Ion. 79° 16' E. ; 122 m, N.E. Agra, and 700 m. N.W. Calcutta. Pop. 
105,600. The principal maliubcture is brass ware. 
T.M.— S7S. 



BARI.— For steamers, see Table. 



r 




42 Our Ocean Highways. 



A sea-port of S. Italy, on the coast of the Adriatic, 25 m. E. by S. Tnmiy 
and 50 m. N.N.W. Taranto ; lat. 41** 8' N., Ion. 16" 56' E. Pop. 33,ocxx It 
lies on the great line of railway which stretches along the E. side of the Italian 
peninsula, between Bologna and Brindisi. The trade of Ban Ls chiefly in the 
export of olives and almonds. It has fabrics of cotton, cloth, silk, hats, soap, 
glass, &c. The port only admits small vessels ; but there is good anchorage 
in the roads. A railway connects the to^\'n with Trani and Ancona. 

Vice Consul (British) — G. Zonno, Esq. 

T. M.— 7s. 6d. 

BARMOUTH.— Route from London by Gt Western Ry. 
(Paddington Station) 10 a.ra. Fares : 1st cl. 40s. 6d., 2nd d. 
29s. 7d., 3rd cl. 1 8s. 4d. 

A sea-port and watering place of N. Wales, co. Merioneth, situated on the 
shore of Cardigan Bay, at the outlet of the river Maw, 8 m. W. by S. from 
Dolgelly, and 185 m. W.N.W. from ]x)ndon ; lat. 52" 43' N., Ion. 4* 4' W. 
Barmouth enjoys great scenic attractions : the town is picturesquely bujlt at 
the base and up the slope of a high rock, while a fine expanse of level sand 
extends along the heath to the northward. The rides inland possess endless 
variety of charm, Cader Idris l)eing conspicuous amongst the mountains which 
close in the prospect to the south-eastward. 

Lloyd's Agent — Evan Evans, Esq. 

Hotel — Commercial. 

BARNSLEY. — Rail from London (King's Cross) 10 and 

12 a.m.; 2.45 p.m. Sunday trains (none). Fares: 30s. 8d., 
22s. 3d. ; 14s. 6Jd. 

A town of England, West Riding Yorkshire, 53 m. N. by W. Nottingham, 
1S5 m. from Ix)ndon by Gt. N. Ry. ; lat. $3° 32' N., Ion. I* 28' W. Pop. 
17,890. It is the seat of an extensive linen manufacture, and in the vicinity 
are many bleaching grounds and coal mines. 

Bank — Wakefield and Bamsley Banking Company, Jas. Hunter Watsoiit 
Esq., mang. ; London correspondent, Glyn, Mills and Co., 67, Lombard -strceL 

Hotel — King's Head. 

BARNSTAPLE.— Route from London (Waterloo) 10.15 
and 11.40 a.m., and 4 p.m. Sundays, 10.15 ^™* F^cs : 485., 
35s. 6d.* ; 43s., 30S. 6d., 17s. 7d. 

A sea-port town of England, co. Devon. It lies on the river Taw, where 
it begins to expand into an estuary of the Bristol Channel, 35 m. N.N.W. 
Exeter, and 21 1 m. from Ix)ndon by S. Western railway ; lat. 5 1* S* ^-t ^o"*- 
4" 5' W. Pop. 10,740. Imports consist chiefly of timber and deals ; exports 
of manufactured and agricultural produce. 2,193 vessels, of 139*683 tons 
burden, entered and cleared the port during the year 1869. 

Members of Parliament — Thomas Cave, Esq. (L), London residence, 66^ 
Lancaster-gate, W. ; Charles H. Williams, Esq. (C), London residence, 41. 
Dover-street, W. 

Bank— National Provincial Bank of England, T. W. M. W. Gnppv, Esq.» 
mang. ; London correspondents, the National Provincial Bank of Ln^andy 
112, Bishopsgate-street- within, E.C. 

Hotel— Royal. 



Our Ocean Highme^s. 



BARODA. — For steameis, see Bombay ; thence by rail. 

A cily of India, isip. of the Guicowar's dominions, And the sent of a Brilish 
resident, Z44 m. from Bombay by Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Ry. j 
Uit. 11° ^t^ N,, Ion, 73° "' E- Pop- 120,000. 

T. M.-57S. 

BARRA, ISLB OF— Route from London, see Inverness; 

thence by steamer. 

One of a gioup to which it cives name, forminc the southward exlremit]' of 
the chain of the Outer Hebrides ; lal. 57* N,. Ton. 7° 28' W. Tlie Barra. 
Islands form part of the county of laveroess. TT;ey exhibit bold and striking 
— thougli nakeil and somewhat desolate — scenery. The Inhabitants, 1850 in 
number, are chiefly engaged in rearing block cattle, and in hshing. Bam 
has .<K>me interesting remains of Druidical and Scandinavian antiquity. 

Lloyd's Agcnl— G, W. M. McGiUivray. 

BARROW-IN-FURNESS. — Rail from London (SL 
Pancras Station), 10 a.m. and 8.35 p.m. ; Sundays, 8.35 p.m. 
Fares : 48s. jd,, 36s. 3d,, azs, 2d, For steamers, see local steam 
lines, 

A sea-port of England, co. I-incasbire, on the coast of the penins. of 
Fumcss, near the N,\V. cstrcmily of Ihc comity. lal. 54' 6' N., Ion. 
3° 14' W. It has acquired great recent importance from the extensive 
working of iron ore in its vicinity, aod its shipment hence. Its large new 
docks were completed three years ago. In the vicinity is the picturesque 
ruin of Fumcss Abbey. (F'umess Abbey Hotel.) 

Bank — Lancaster Banking Company, Robert Wallis, mang. ; London cor> 
respondent, Barclay, Bevan, and Co., 54, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— Fumess Abbey Hotel, in the Vale of Nightshade, adjoining the 
splendid ruins of St. Mary's Abbey. Proprietor, J. Scoones. 

BASEL (French, BASLE, or BALE). — Route from 
London by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ijtxii, viA Dover, 
Calais, Paris, Troyes, Chaumont, Vesoul, and Miihlhausen. 

Cap. of cant. Basel, in Switzerland, 17S m. N. by E. Geneva, and 250 m. 
E. by S. Paris ; lat. 47° 33' N„ Ion. 7° 35' E. Pop. 38,000. It is a la^c and 
Bourishing city, lies chiefly on the [. bank of the Rhme, spanneil by a fine bridge, 
has a handsome cathedral, and a university, with a line libiary and a rich cabinet 
of medals. The hotel de ville has many valuable paintings and frescoes. 

Consul (American)— Henry Erni, Esq. 

Vice Consul— A. L. Wolff, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant)— Rev. W. Grey, M.A. 

Bank — Messrs. Passavant et Cie. ; Lortdon correspondent, the National 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C, (Circular neles.) 

Hotel— Tete d'Or. 

T. M.— ss. lod. 

BASSANO. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, viS Dover, Calais, Paris, Macon, Culoz, Cham- 
bery, Turin, Milan, Brescia, Treviso ; thence by diligence, or viS 




44 Our Ocean Highways. 



Dover, Ostend, Bnissels, Cologne, the Brenner pass, Botzen, 
Vicenza, Treviso. 

A town of N. Italy, lying on the river Brenta, within the N.W. portion of 
the Venetian plain, not far from the foot of the Alps, and 37 m. N.W. of the 
city of Venice; lat. 45" 46' N. , Ion. ii°44'E. Pop. 11,000. Its trade is 
chiefly in silk and other produce of the neighbouring country. One of the vic- 
tories of Napoleon I. over the Austrians, in 1796, was gained here. 

Hotel — St. Antonio. 

T. M.— 7s.6d. 

BASSEIN. — For steamers, see Bombay; thence by Bombay, 
Baroda, and Central India Ry. 

A town of Brit. Burmah, prov. P<^, situated within the fertile delta of the 
Irawady, on one of the channels of that river. Since the acquisition of P^u by 
the British in 1S52, it has risen from the rank of a mere village into a omi- 
mercial town, with more tlian 30,000 inhabitants. Lat. l6*47'N., Ion. 94* 
48' E. 

Lloyd's Agents — Messrs. John Ogilvy, Hay, and Co. 

BASSE-TERRE.— For steamers, see Table. See also 

Basse-Terre under St. Kitts. 

A sea-port and capital of the island Guadeloupe, belonging to the Frendi 
W. Indies, on its S. W. coast ; lat. i** 4' N., Ion. 61' 46' W. Pop. 6,00a It 
is the residence of the governor, and is defended bv a citadel and other fortifi- 
cations. There is no harbour, and little shelter in tne roadstead. 

Consul (British) — Paul Hurel, Esq. 

BASTIA. — For steamers, see Table. 

A sea- port on the E. coast of Corsica, and formerly its capital, 8 m. E. 
Florence, no m. S. by E. Genoa, and 80 nu S.S.W. Leghorn; laL 42*41' 
N., Ion. 9' 27' E. Pop. 20,000. This town has a fine appeamnce from the 
sea ; it is defended by a citadel. The harbour is only fit for small vessels. Tbe 
exports are oil, wine, goat-skins, coral, wood, and bricks. At the entrance to 
the port is a rock, called ** II Leone," from the .striking resemblance it bears to 
n. lion couchant. The ex-Empress of the French, on a visit to the island with 
the Prince Imperial, laid the foundation stone to a new hospital in August, 1869. 

Consul (British) — W.Jesse, Esq. 

T. M.— 4s. 2d. 

BAT AVI A. — For steamers, see Table. 

A city and seaport-town, with sheltered road.stead, on the N. coast of Java, 
about 70 m. distant from the westernmost point of that island, in the Straits of 
Sunda ; lat. 6" 8' S., Ion. lo"* 53' E. It lies on the river Jacatra, and is a lisge 
and handsome town, the capital of the Dutch possessions in the East, the seat 
of government and supreme court of justice, and head-quarters of the oooi- 
manders-in-chief of the army and navy. The old city, formerly remarkable ftw 
its unhealthiness, though greatly improved by the shutting up of auudl and 
drainage, is still only inhabited m the day-time by the European merchants^ 
who have their dwelling in the new part of Batavia, from 2 to 7 m. failand. 
Principal buildings : residency office, palace of justice, palace of gOTernor, now 



Our Ocean Highways. 



used [or puWc offices ; custom hoiuc, Diuseum, churches, niUtary hohoilal and 
banaGlL&, th«tte, 4c. I'dj). (In 1870), not including the tnilitftry, ^,639, or 
whom were 4.S13 Kuropeans, 71,476 nalives, 21,634 Chinese, 611 Arabs, and 
106 DeiigDiccs anil others. 'rh« Keiidency of Balavia includci an area of nbout 
4&S ^. ID., itilhin which nns (in 1S6S) it pop- if 5,923 Europiaiis, 859,736 
nalires, 62,968 Chinese, 60S Aral», and 178 of other nations, making a total of 
919,413. A railway is in course of construction between Batavia and Buitea- 
lorg, a con^Jdoablc inland town 36 m. to the southward. An iron tiunway 
(for horse-Iiaction) connecli, the principal street.s of the dly willi the landing- 
place. The commerce of Batavui is extensive. The imports from Java 10 
Great Britain amounted tOj£7J,a9'> lastyeni; the exports to ^£^1,349,225 in 
the previou.-! year. CoITec a the great tlaple export ; it is isised b most of the 
upland^ as well as indigo, tobacco, cotton, cinmimoli, moiie, cocoa, ugo, tjic 
There are dense forests of teak tms in the island. A good road iravetsct the 
island throughout its entire length. Batavia has lelqfiaphtc communication 
with Singapore. 

Postal — Letters from England to Java, nit Briodisi, by llritLth packet, under 
J 01. IS. 3d,, I ox. 29. 6d. ; newspapers not exceeding 4 01. 4d. ; I'ii South- 
ampton, under i 01. is., i oi. 21. ; newspapers not exceeding 4 01. 2d. By 
French packet, not excccdii^ t ot. t«. 4d., t 01. as. 8d. i newspapers not ex- 
ceeding 4 ot. 3d. ; registr. fee, 4d. Money orders are issued, which ore avail- 
able. 

Money, S;c,— The sovereign ^ 12 florin.s. The Spanish doubloon (current 
here) = 38 H. 40 c. 

Weights, &c.— icalty = 16 laels = 135 lbs. ; l pecul = 136 lbs. ; I sack 
-.. 61 lbs. 

Consul (British)— James McUchan, Esn. 
,, (American)— S. Mif^nson. jr., E>q. 

Vice Consul (American)— M, P. Pelo. Esq. 

Bank — Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China. London cor- 
respondent, Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China, Hatlon-court, 
'ITireadneedle-slreet, E.C. 

Uoyd's Agent— Messrs. Maclaine, Watson & Co. 

Hotel— U-s Pays Has. 

BATH.— Rail from London (Paddington), 6.8, 9,15, 10.15, 
and 11.45 a.m.; 2, 2.40,8,10, and 9 p.m. Sundays, 2.30 and 
S. 10 p.m. Fares : i8s. gd., 14s. id., 8s. lojd. 

A city of England, co. Sometsel, on the Avon, 12 m. E.S.E. Bristol, and 
I06i m. W.S.W. London by the Ct. W. Ry ; lal. 51° 24' N., Ion. 2° 22' 
W. Pop. 52,500. Bath is famous for its hot mineral springs, which cause it 
to lie frei|Uenlctl by large numbers ot visitors, especially in summer. The 
springs, or wells, are distinguished by the names of the Cross bath, the Hot bath, 
the King's bath, and the <Jueen's bath, their temperature varying between 1 10° 
and 120° Fahrenheit. Bath is one of the finest towns in liigland, as regards 
its splendid outward appearance and the elegance of its houses and public 
edifices. Amongst the latter are the abbey church, guihihall, market house, 
assembly rooms, mechanics' institute, &c. In the neighbourhood arc the 
valleys of Lyncomb, Claverlon, with an Eliiabelhan mansion belonging to the 
Vivian family, and possessini; some fine paintings ; Salisbury Hill, 600 It. high ; 
and the ruins of Karleigh Castle and Hinlon Pnory. 

Members of Parliament— Sir William Tite, Bart. (L), London residence, 




46 Our Ocean Highways. 



42, Lowndes-square, S.W. ; Dr. Donald Dalrymple (L), London readence, 

43, Vail Mall, S.W. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England ; James Quin, Esq., mang.; 
Tendon correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 112, 
Bishopsgate-street-within, E.G. 

Hotel— The York House. 

BATHURST (W. Africa).— For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of W. Africa, on the island of St. Mary, about 60 m. above the 
mouth of the river Gambia ; cap. of the British possessions on that river ; lat 
13'' 28' N., Ion. 16** 35' W. Pop. varies from 3,000 to 5,000. The imports 
Amount to about ;£'ioo,ooo annually, and the exports to half as much more. 

Vice Consul (American) — D. W. E. Browne, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — William Goddard, Esq. 

BATHURST (Australia). — For steamers, see Sydney; 
thence by local conveyance. 

An inland town of New South Wales, Australia, situated in the \'alley of 
the upper Macquarie, to the westward of the Blue Mountains, 100 m.W.N.W. 
from Sydney ; lat. 33° 25' S., Ion. 149' 36' E. Pop. 4,040. It was the earliest 
in date amongst the inland towns of Australia, having been founded imme- 
iUately after the first passage of the Blue Mountains, in 1813, and it was in its 
neighbourhood that gold was first discovered by Mr. Hargreaves, in 1 85 1. 

Bank — Australian Joint Stock Bank, W. C. Greville, Esq., mang. 
Tx>ndon correspondent, Australian Joint Stock Bank, 18, King William-street, 
E.C. 

BATHURST (Brit N. America).— For steamers, sec 

Halifax ; thence by rail. 

A town and port of Canada, prov. New Brunswick, on the southern arm of 
the Bay of Chaleurs, at the mouth of the Nepisiguit river ; lat. 47*3/ N., loo. 
65" 36 W. It has some share in the timber tn^e and the fisheries, and is on 
the line of the Intercolonial Ry., which connects Halifax (Nova Scotia) with 
Riviere du Loup, the eastern terminus of the Grand Trunk Ry., traversing the 
^>t. I^wrcncc valley throughout its length. 

BATOUM. — For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of Turkey in Asia, prov. Trebizond, near the Russian frontier, on 
the E. shore of the Black Sea ; lat. 41' 37^ N., Ion. 41* 40' E. The harbour, 
which is open to the E.N.E. and N., Is defended on the W. by a projecting 
tongue of land, and has deep water, large ships anchoring within a few feet a 
the shore. 

T. M.— 15s. 6d. 

BAUTZEN. — Route from London by rail, fixed xsaSX ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix-la- 
Chapelle, Cologne, Hanover, Magdeburg, Leipzig, and Dresden. 

A town of Saxony, on the river Spree, 30 m. E.N.E. Dresden and 65 m. 
N. of Prague ; lat. 51 10' N., Ion. 14* 27' E. Pop. 12,600. Principal boildngs : 
«>taclthau<;, theatre, St. Peter's kirche, Schloss Ortenburg, gymnaihimy and 
public library. 

Hotel — (loldne Krone. 

T. M.- 6s. 



Our Ocean Higkat^s. 



BAYONNE.— For steamers, see Table. Route from London 
by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, 
Paris, Orleans, Tours, Poitiers, Bordeaux, 

A sci-port and fortified town of France, dep. Basses Pyrenees, about 3 m. 
Irom the eca, on the Adour, at its confluence with the Nive, 25 m. S.W. Dax 
Mid 4S6 m. from Purit ; la.t, 43*39' N., Ion. 1*38' W. Pop. 2^000. Bayonne 
is protected by a strong citadel, biiih by Vauban. ' It i« a very handsomely built 
town, the quays aJoufi the banks of the Adour forming pleaiant promenades. 
It is a iMShop's sec, and its principal buildings are the eatnedral, halel de viUe, 
public libraiy, college, theatre, oiid exchange. An exccUenI harbom lenders 
tbe port one of great trade, five mites from Bayonnc lies Biakutz, which 
lus become celebrated since Napoleon III. built the ' Villa Eug6iie,' until 
fecent political changes a fiivorite marine residence of the imperial tamily. 

Consul (British) — F. J. Graham, Esq. 

Bonki — Messrs. Rodrigues and tialiedo ; Ixiodon correspondent, the 
Natiomil Bank, 13, Old liroad -street, E.C. Messrs. Saunden and Trimmer j 
LotL cor.. Union Bank, i. Princes-street, E.C. (CireularHOlet.) 

Lloyd's Agent~M. Jean Marie Norbert Roby. 

Hotel — De Commerce. 

T, M,-3s. 4d. 

BAZIASCH.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix, Co- 
logne, Hanover, Magdeburg, Dresden, Bodenbach, Prague, Briinn, 
Marchegg, Pcsth, Szegedin, and Temeswar; or viA Dover and 
Ostend. 

A town of Austria, on the 1. bank of the Danube, 45 m. E. of Belgrade, lal. 
44° 49' N., Ion. 20° 37' E. Baiiasch is almost entirely surrounded by the Car- 
pathian mountains. The river is wedged in between high rocks, anil the 
scenery, for (he traveller who has arrived here by rail and proceeds from here 
by steamer down the Danube, is romantic and grand. It is a terminal station 
of the Staatsliahn railway, on the direct route from London, vid Vienna, to 
Varna, the Black Sea, and Constantinople. The steamer takes the traveller 
down the Danube to Kui«chuk ; thence by rail to Varna, and steamer to 
Constantinople. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BEAUFORT.— For steamers, see New York, thence by 
rail 

A town and harbour of N. Carolina, U.S., lal. 34°4o'N., Ion. 76° 34' W. 
It is connected by railway with Raleigh, the state cap., and is the point at 
which the rivers of N. Carolina convei^ and extend to deep water ; a^^ yel, 
however, but little trade has found its way ihither. — f Co"™^"- Rfparls, 1870.} 

BEAUMARIS.— Rail from London (Euston Square Su- 
tion) to Bangor, 6.15, 7.15, 9, and 10, a.m. ; 5, 8.15, and 9.15, 
p.m. Sundays, 10, a.m. ; 5, S.35, and 9.15, p.m. Fares, 4zs., 
31S. 6d., 19s. lod. For steamers, see local steam lines. 

A sea-port of Wales, and favourite watering place, co. Angles«a. 4 m. 
N.N.E. the Mcnai Bridge, 59 m, W, by N. Chester, and aji m. N.W. Lon- 




48 Our Ocean Highways. 



<lon ; lat. 53"* 17' N., Ion. 4° 5' \V. Pop. 2,500. Beaumaris lies on the old 
line of road between Chester and Holyhead, and is pleasantly situated and well 
l)uilt. The scenery in the vicinity is picturesque, and contains the ruins of an 
ancient castle. The harlx)ur is good, and protected by a quay. 2,671 vessels, 
of 646, 180 tons burden, entered and cleared this port in 18(69. 

Members of Parliament — County (Anglesea)^ Richard Davis, Esq., (L), 
London residence, 61, Lancaster-gate, W. ; City^ the Hon. W. O. Stanleji 
(L), I^ndon residence, 40, Cirosvenor-place, S.W. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England ; London correspondent, the 
National Prov. Bank of England, 112, Bishopsgate-street-within, E.C. 

Hotel — Bulkeley Arms. 

BEAUNE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Montereau, Ton- 
nerre, Dijon, Nuits. 

An inland town of France, dcp. Cote d'Or, situated at the foot of the high 
ground called by that name, and within the former prov. of Burgundy, 23 m. 
S.S.W. of Dijon ; lat. 47° i' N., Ion. 5*' i' E. Pop. 10,900. Beaune has a 
great trade in the wines of the adjacent district. Its fine hospital, founded by 
Philip the (.iootl, Duke of Burgundy, in the 15th century, attracts the notices 
visitors. Beaune is on the direct line of railway from Dijon southward to 
Lyons. 

Hotel — I)e France. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

BEAUVAIS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see i)ages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Creil. 

An ancient town of France, dcp. Oise, lying at the junction of the Avelon 
and the Tlicrain (affluents of the Oise), 43 m. N. by W. of Paris ; lat. 49* a6' 
N., Ion. z^ 5' E. Pop. 15,300. Its cathedral is one of the finest in France. 
Beauvais has an extensive manufacture of carpets, tapestries, and other wool- 
lens, and is historically noteworthy for the gallant defence which its dtizens, 
animated by the heroism of Jeanne Hachette, made against the armyof Charies 
the Bold, in 1472. 

War 1870-71 — Captured by the Germans, Sept. 30, 1870. 

T lot el — 1 )' Angleterre. 

T. M. 3s. 4d. 

BEDFORD.— Rail from Ix)ndon (St. Pancras), 6.15, 8.45, 
9.10, 10, and 11.45 a.m.; 3, 5.15, 5.28, and 8.21. Sundays, 
2^50 and 8.35. Fares : 8s. 6d., 6s. 6d., 3s. ii^d. 

A town of England, on the Ouse, 27 m. E. by N. Buckingham, and 45 m. 
N.N.W. London, on the Midland Ry. ; lat. 52" 8' N., Ion. I* 28' W. Pop. 
13,400. The town is handsomely situated in a valley on both sides of the 
river, spanned by a handsome bridge. Principal buildings, sessions house, 
theatre, as^^embly rooms, county gaol, lunatic asylum, and infirmary. 

Members of Parliament — CountVy F. C. Hastings Russell, Esq., (L), Lon- 
don residence, 82, PLaton-square, S.W. ; Colonel Richard T. Gilpin, (C), 
London residence, 119, Pall-mall S.W. ; Borough^ James Howard, uq., (L), 
London residence, The Hoo, Sydcnham-hill ; Samuel Whitbread, Esq,, (L), 
London residence, 2, Qucen*s-gatc-gardens W. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Bank— Mcuis. Barnard, Barnard, saA Wing (Branch) ; London corres- 
poDilent, Messn. Smitb, Faync, and Smith, i, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel — Si. George. 

BELFAST. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, vid Chester and Holyhead ; or vii Fleetwood {which see). 

A sea-part and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Antrim, situated at the head of 
Belfast Lough, at the outlet of the river Lagan, gm. S.W, of CanicWcrgus, 
and SSm. N. liy E. of Dublin; lal. 54° 36' N„ Ion. 5° 56' W. Pop. I3i,5oo. 
It is at once the most nuuiufacturing and the mo<it cominercial city of Ireland, 
combining in these regards the characleriMics of Monchealet and Liverpool, 
knd has cxiubited a greater Increase in point of population and wealth than any 
oUier place in IrelaiS within recent jeais. Both (he linen and cotton roanu- 
bctures are pursued on a scale of gmt magnitude. Ship building is also an 
extensive branch of industry. Belfast, espedailj? its more modern portions, U 

Enally well baill, and has several fine public erections, amongst them iU 
«n's College (opened in 1849), the Royal Academioil Instilnn'on, Belfnit 
demy, the CommerciaJ Buildings, linen-balls, and numerous churches, &c. 
Belfast Lough, with its vast expanse and ample depth, forms one of the ^nest 
harbonis in the world. 10.4S9 ve<&els, with a tonnage of 1,832,068, entered 
■nd deind at Belfast in 1S&9. 

Members of ParliamenI— Cpuiwy Antrim, Hon. Edward 0"N "" ■"■ 



J, Bclgrave-square, S.W, ; Earl of Yarmouth (C), I-ondon 
ii-i-t-ate, S.W. Borough, William Johnson, Esq. {C), 
■, Ebury-slreet, S.W. ; Thomas M'Clure, Elsq. {L], London 



iidcnce, Kufonii Club, S.W. 

Consul |Anieric:Ln}— James Rea, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ Hugh Creighton, Esq. 

Bank— The National Bank (Branch), William 
. irrespondenl. The National Bank, 13, Old Bro: 

ing Company; Lon. cor.. The Union Bank, , . , 

Northern Banking Company ; Lon. cor., Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Co., 
67, Lombard -street, E.C. ; Ulster Banking Company; Lon, cor., Messrs. 
Prescott and Co., 62, Thread needle-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Sinclair and Boyd. 

Hotel— The Imperial. 

BELFORT.— Route from London, see Vesoul ; thence via 
Colombier, Bas-Evette. 

A fortified town, formerly within French dep. of Haul Rhin, 78 m. S.S.W. 
of Stra-sburg ; lal. a,i' 38' N., lon. 6' S3' l^' 1'<>P' 8,400. It occupicil a 
conspicuous place in Ihe Franco-German war of 1870-71, when it sustained a 
lengthened siege, which Bourbaki vainly atlempled to raise. It was surrendered 
to the German arms in Feb. 1871, and is heltl by the Germans until the terms 
of the peace shall hare been fully executed, when it is to be restored to France. 

Hold — M essageries. 

T. M.-3S. 4d. 

BELGRADE. — For route from London see Vienna; thence 
by steamer on the Danube, or by rail to Baziasch (which see), 
and steamer. 

A fortified city on Ihe Danube, cap. principality of Servia ; tat. 44" 49' N., 
Ion. 20" 31' E. Pop. 25,000. Il lies in a comniandiiw posilion at ihe con- 
fluence of the Danube w*ith the Save, and is strongly lortified. The town is 




50 Our Ocean Highways. 



protected by a strong citadel, which has endured many sieges. There are many 
churches and mosques in the town, which is gradually being transformed from 
an Eastern into a European town. Belgrade has manufactures of silks, cutlery, 
carpets, &c., and carries on an active trade between Austria and Turkey. 

Postal — Letters from England to Servia, i>id Belgium, under \ oz. 4d., i or. 
S<i. ; newspapers, not exceeding 4 oz., 4d. ; registr. fee 4d. ; money oiders are 
issued, which are available. 

Consul General (British) — ^John Augustus Longvvorth, Esq., C.B. 

Vice Consul (British) John Watson, Esq. 

T. M.— 6s. 6d. 

BELIZE. — For steamers, see St. Thomas ; thence by local 
steam line. 

A sea- port to^^^l of British W. Indies, cap. prov. Honduras. It is 
situated at the outlet of the river Belize into the Gulf of Honduras, in lat. 
17" 32' N., Ion. 88" 12' W. The pop. of the entire colony of Belize is 25,600 ; 
that of the town about 10,000. llie inhabitants, chiefly of negro race, are 
engaged principally in the mahogany trade. The climate of Belize, though 
tropical, is not unhealthy, and the heat is seldom oppressive, excepting during 
the three months from April to July. The mean annual temperature is 80* Fahr. 

Postal — Letters from England to British Honduras, znd United States, not 
exceeding \ol. is., I oz. 2s. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 4 oz., 2d. 

BENARES. — For steamers, see Calcutta; thence by E. I. Ry. 

A large city of Brit. India, N.W. provinces, Bengal pres., lying on the I. 
bank of the Ganges ; lat. 25' f^' N., Ion. 83" 2'E. Pop. 173,000. It is 89 m. 
E. Allahabad, and 541 m. N. \V. Calcutta, on the E. I. Ry. It is held in great 
veneration by the Hindoos, who have some fine temples here. The celebrated 
mosque of Aurungzebe, a Mohammedan structure, immediately fronts the river. 
The bankers and merchants of Benares are wealthy. The Hindoo pilgrims 
from all parts of India flock to Benares at certain festivals. 

Bank — Delhi and London (Branch); London correspondent, Delhi and 
London Bank, 76, King William-street, E.C. 

T. M.-57S. 

BENGAZI. — Route, see Malta; thence by sailing packet 
Or via Tripoli (which see) thence by local sailing packet. 

A sea-port of Tripoli, 420 m. E.S.E. Tripoli ; lat. 32** 6 N., Ion. 20* 2* E. 
Pop. 3,000. Cattle, wool, butter, and skins are exported. The harbour only 
admits vessels of small tonnage. 

Vice Consul (British) — 

T. M.— 17s. 

BENIN. — For steamers, see Table. 

A town of Africa, cap. of kingdom of same name, on the Benin river, 80 m. 
from its mouth in the Bay of Benin; lat. 6" 16' N., Ion. 5* 55' E. Pop. 
16,000. The streets of Benin are long and broad, and the .shops are filled with 
European merchandise, as well as with native products. The royal palace is 
an extensive building, Ijut >%'ithout any pretext to splendour. The district pro- 
duces cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry, yams, cotton, ivory, but the river not 
being navigable for large ships higher than 40 m. below jBenin, the traffic is 
chieny carrieil on at Brass. Gatto, or Agattou, is the port of Boiin ; it lies 
about 15 m. S.S.W. Benin, on a creek of the Benin, accessible to vessels of 
600 tons burden. 



Our Ocean HigkvupfS. 



BERBICE. — For steamers, see Demeraia ; thence by looil 

conveyance. 

A lown ftnd river (the former raorc slriclly known a.t New Am*lerdam), of 
British Guiana, S. America. The lown of New Anuleidani, immediaLcIy 
above the natlet of the Berbice river into the Atlantic, is in Int. 6a° 15' N., 
ion. S7°^'' W. Bcrbice gives its name to one of the three counties into 
which the maritime portions of British Gnioiui are divided. The river Berbiet 



it navigable for a <tistance of 16; m. upwanls. Sugar and coffee are the ex- 
elusive otijeets of cultivation. Pop. o\ New Anutetdam about 3,000. 

Bonk*— British Gninna ; London correspondent. Smilh, Payne, and Co., i, 
Lombard -street, E.G. The Colonial; t.on. mt., the Colonial Bonk, 13, 
Bishopsgale-street- within, E.C, 

Lloyd's Agent — The Colonial Co, (Limited). 
BERDIANSK.— For steamers, see Table. 
A !ea-port of S. Russia, Taarida, at the mouth of the Benia, N. shore of 
the Sea of Azov, 155 m. N.E. Simferopol; lat. 46° 39' N., Ion. 36° 49' E. 
Pop. 10,000. It is a well built town, with a good harbour. There uc some 
salt lake in the vicinity. Wheat, barley, linweil, rapeseed, tallow, and wool 
constitute the exports of Berdisnsk, to a total value, in iS6<h of j£'S5S,930, 
wheat alone representing ;^Soo,ooo. British shipping has hut a small share in 
this trade, which is chiefly engrossed by the IlilLins. 
CoUNui ( British h-James Zahral, Esq. 
Lloyd's Agent — James Zahral, Es<|. 

BERGAMO.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxij, f/ii Turin (which see), Novara, Milan. 

A city of N. Italy, cap. prov, of same name, finely situated within the 
N, portion of the I^mbanl plain, at the foot of the Alps, and near the r. bank 
of the river Serio, an affluent of the Po ; lat. 45° 41' N., Ion. 9*41' E. Pop, 
25,000. Bergamo has some fine buildings, chief amongst them an ancient 
cathedral and other churches ; it is noIw>le, commerci.-uly, for a great fair, 
held .annually in August and September, at which a vast amount of silk, wine, 
and other local produce, is dispos«l of. 

Hotel— L'ltalia. 

T. M.-7S, 6.1. 

BERGEN.— For steamers, see Table. 

Asea-port ami city of Norway, 162 m, W.N. W Christiania ; lat. 6o* Z4' 
N., Ion. 5 iS' E. Pop, 30,000. It lies at the bottom of a deep bay, and 11 
bailt on a promontory. The castle and cathedral are remarkable edilicn. 
The harbour is safe and commodious, but the entrance to it is difficult. This 
is the most convenient port for Norway from England. The town Ls one of the 
most important in Norway, and is full of interest (o the traveller. The princi- 
pal business is litdiery, and there is considerable trade with Denmark, Sucilen, 
Holland, Hamburg, anrl England. 

Vice Consul (Hrilishl-J. Greig, E.sq. 

(American)— Albert Gian, Esq. 

Banks — A. (ircig ct fils ; I^ndon correspondent, the National Bank 13, 
Old Broad.street, E.C. {Circular mta.) Christiania Bank; l^ndon cor- 
re*pondenl, the Union Bank, 2, Princes-slrccl, E.C. 

IJoyd's Agents — Aleiander Greig and Son. 

Hotel — Scandinavian. 

T. M.— 8s. 6d. (it 




52 Our Ocean Highways. 



BERKS.— For co. members, see ABINGDON. 

BERLIN. — Route from London by mail, fixed mail service, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, vici Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix, Cologne, 
Hanover, and Magdeberg. 

Tlie capital of Prussia, (and, in virtue of recent changes, of the revived 
ICinpire of Germany) situated on the river Spree, 150 m. E.S.E. Hamburg, 
100 m. from Dresden and 700 m. from Paris ; lat. 52** 30' N., Jon. 13* 24' E. 
Pop. 700,000. Although Berlin stands in a flat and sandy plain, it is one 
of the finest cities in Europe. The streets are broad ; that termed * Untcr 
den Linden ' is the finest. At its one end is the * Brandenburger TTior,' 
sunnountcd by the colossal effigy of Victory, drawn by four horses ; it was 
taken to Paris in 1807, and brought back in 1814 : at the other end U 
the Royal Palace. Of the many bridges the * Schlossbriicke' and the 
* Friederichsbrlicke" are the finest. Amongst the open squares the * Lust- 
garten ' is the finest in Berlin, and the * Thiergarten' is the great public prome- 
nade outside the Brandenburg Gate. The university bears a very high name 
throughout (Germany : there are, besides, many educational, literary, and scien« 
tific academies and institutions, with numerous churches, hospitals, theatres, 
&c. Berlin is an important entrepot of commerce. The great railway from 
Hamburg forwards all the colonial goods landed at that port for the interior of 
(jerniany, hoides which it has canals connecting it with the Elbe, Oder, and 
Vistula. Our imports from Prussia amounted to ;f 7,320,410 last year, and our 
exports to Prussia to ;£^5,377>545 ^'^ previous year. The manufactures of 
Berlin comprise woollen, cotton, linen, and silk fabrics, hosiery, porcelain, 
admirable cast-iron articles, called ' Berlin jewellery* ; type, mathematical 
and optical instruments, dye-stuffs, and articles of delicate workmanship. 

Postal — Letters from England to Prussia, Coburg (Saxe), Hanover, Hesse, 
Lippe-Detmold, Luxemburg (Duchy of), and Schaumburg-Lippe, vid Belgium, 
^Kii.. 3d., I oz. 6d. ; newspapers, not exceeding 4 oz., 2d. ; r^;istr. fee 4d. 
Money orders arc issued, which are available. Money : is. sterling = 6 thalers 
25 groschen ; I thaler = 30 silber groschen = 2s. I id. Frederick's d*or 
= i6>. 6d. 

Weights, &c. — I Prussian lb. = I '0311 avoirdupois, I centner = 110*23 
lbs. ; I last = 4000 lbs. ; I eimer — 12118 gallons; the foot = 12. 356 
English inches ; the morgen = 0.61308 acre; the mile 8237 yards. 

Consul General (British) — Victor de Magnio, Esq. 

Consul (American) H. Krismay, Esq. 

C ler^^man (Protestant) vacant. 

Rmk — Les Frcres Shiekler, 16, Verteanten Strasse ; Messrs. R..Thode 
and Co. ; Ix)nd. cor. the Union Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.C. (Circular notes. ) 

Hotel — De Russie. 

T. ^L— 6s. 

BERMUDA.— For steamers, see Table. 

The largest of a numerous group of small islands belonging to Great Britain, 
in the Atlantic, 580 m. S. E. of Cape Hatteras, in S. Carolina ; Hamilton, on 
its \V. side (the ])rincipal town of the group) is in lat. 32' 17' N., Ion. 64*48'\V. 
Pop. 11,400. 

Consul (American) — Charles M. Allen, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ C. F. Allen, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — Nath. Augustus Butterfield, Esq. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



BERN. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
pages Iv to Ixjiii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Milan, Montereaii, 
Dijon. Dole, Pontarlier, Neufchatel, and Biel. Another route: 
Dover, Ostend, Brussels, Cologne, Mayence, Carlsnihe, Freiburg, 
and B41e. 

A lown of Switierland, cap. of canlon of ramc name, and also of Ihe .Swiss 
Fedeialion, on the Aar, 70 m. N.E. of Geneva, 51 m. S. B&lc, and 60 m. 
S.W. Zurich, on the railway between Bile and Lausanne; lal. 46° 55' N., 
Ion. 7* 26' £. Pop. 30,000. Bem is remarkabJe for being built almost entirely 
of freestone, for the arcades fonned by the houses, and for its fouiilains. 
Its trade is of some importance ; there are manufactories of silt, straw hats, 
woollen cloth, and stockings, and hLh) lanneries uul breweries. 

P<Kt.iI— Letters to Switzerland viS Belgium, under t oi. 3d., I ai. 6d. ; 
n^iMr. fee 4d., newspapers id. ; viA France, under \ 01. 5d., \ m. lod., \ 01. 
IS. 3d., I 01, IS. M. ; registr. fee sd. 1 01. ; newspapers not exceeding 4 01. 
3d. Money orders are issued which are available. 

Money — £1 sterling = 35 fr. aoc, ■ fr. = looc. = 9id. There arc \b., 
I fr., 3 and 5 b; pieces, the latter 4s. 

-Weighia, ia. — 100 lbs. = no lbs. avoirdupois, the ohm = lO A 
gallon.1, the mnas = li pints, large cil = 46-1^ inches small ell = 

Clergyman (Protestant)-- Rev. Jenkins Hinton Best, M.A. 

Bank— Messrs. M. M. Marenard et Cie, 87, Rue du Matche ; London 
correspondent, Messrs. Merries, Farquhar, and Co., 16, St. James's-streel, 
S.W. ( Circular nola. ) Canfonalc Bank ; London conespondenl, the Union 
Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.C. (Ciriular iiata.) 

Hotel— Bemerhof. 

T. M.-5S. lod. 

BERNARDIN PASS (Switzerland). 

An Alpine pasii, connecting the valley of the Upper Rhine (Hinter Rhin) 
with the Val Misocco, traversed by the river Moesa— an afflueiil of the Ticitiii, 
which flons into the he.Td of the I.ago Mag^iore, passing the town of Bellin- 
lona on tlie «av. The highest point of the pa« (7,015ft.) isinlat. 46''30'N., 
Ion. 9° 10' L. 'll is between 7 and 8 m, W. of the .Splugen. 

BERWICK-UPON-TWEED. — Rail from London 
(King's Cross) 10 a.m., 8.10 and 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 5 and 9.15 
p.m. Fares r 66s. 3d., 4gs., 32s. 

\ sea-port and ancient bortlcr town of ICngland, co. Northumlx^rl.ind, 52 
m. S.E. Ldinhurgb, 147 in. N. York, and 342 in. from I.ondon by Gt. N. 
and .\. K. and iVeneaslle and Berwick Rys. ; lat. 54° 46' N., Ion. 2° o' W. 
Pop. S,6cio. It is chiefly intcre.stinc through its liistorical associations. Amongst 
Ihc pulJic buildings are the town hall, the exchange, and a fine old church. TTie 
Tweed is famous for its salmon fishery, and targe quantities of timber are im- 
ported here from London and Norway. 

Members of Parliament— I jird Bury (L), London residence, 65, Princes- 
gate, W. ; John Staplcton, Es<i. (L), London residence, 8, Queen's-gate- 




54 Our Ocean Highways. 



Bank — The National Bank of Scotland, Stephen Sanderson, Esq., mang. ; 
Lon. cor. National Bank of Scotland, 37, Nicholas-lane, E.G. 
Lloyd's Agent — Benjamin George Sinclair, Esq. 
Hotel — King's Arms. 

BERWICK.— For county members, see GREENLAW. 

BE SAN CON. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, Montereau 
Joigny, Montbard, Dijon, and Dole. 

An ancient town in France, dcp. Doubs, on the river Doubs, and on the 
Rhone and Rhine canal, 251 m. S.E. Paris and 50 m. from Dijon : lat. 47' 
15' N., lon. 6* 3' E. Pop. 47,000. The town is well built and strongly forti- 
fie<l. Principal buildings : the cathedral, the arsenal, hotel de xnlle, theatre, 
and hospital. There are several interesting relics of Roman antiquity in the 
neigh])ourhood, and vestiges of an amphitheatre. Besan^on carries on an active 
trade with Switzerland. 

War 1S70-71 — Garibaldi arrived, 14th October, 1 870. Baden troops defeated 
near here, 28th October, 1870. 

Bank — Messrs. Jacc^uanl et Cic. ; Eondon correspondent, the National 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. (Circular notes.) 

Hotel — Du Nord. 

T. M. 3s. 4d. 

BETHLEHEM.— For route, see Jerusalem. 

A town in Syria, 6 m. S. Jerusalem ; lat. 31** 43' N., lon. 35* 13' E. Pop. 
4,000. It is situated on the slope of a ridge of hills which run in a direction 
from IC. to W. The church, erecteil by the Empress Helena, in the foim 
of a cross, covers the reputed place of nativity of our Saviour. It is 
supported l>y four rows of pillars, ten in a row, formetl of an entire block of 
white marble. The church contains nothing remarkable ; but the underground 
chancl, calle<l the Chapel of the Nativity, is shown as the actual place of the 
birth of Christ. The vault is 30 ft. in length by 12 ft. broad, and receives no 
light from without. Here is shown the marble manger, standing about 2 ft. 
from the floor, and opposite it is the rcH;ess where the wise men of the East sat 
and worshii)ped. Beside the church there is a laige convent, where the 
Franciscan monks dispense hospitality to the traveller. 

ClergjTnan (Protestant) — Rev. Samuel Midler. 

BEVERLEY.— Rail from London (King's Cross), 9 and 

10 a.m. : 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 9.15 p.m. Fares : 32s., 24s., 14s. 8d. 

A to\\*n and pari. bor. of Kngland, and cap. of E. Riding, co. York, 9 m. 
N.N. W. Hull, and 224 m. from Ix>ndon by railway ; lat. 53* 50' N., Ion. o* 
26' W. Pop. 9,650. It is a station on the Scarborough, Bridlington and Hull 
section of the N. E. Ry. The \Q\\n stands a mile from the river Hull, with 
which it is connected by a canal called Beverley Beck. It is a large well boilt 
town, and has a fine minster with two towers and beautifully carved screen and 
altar. It stands upon the site of a mona.stery endowed by John de Beverler, 
Archbishop of York, in 717. Trade : com, coals, malt, and leather. Ship 
building and tanning are rather extensively carried on. 

Banks — Hull Banking Company (Branch), Richard Liwson, Esq., mmng. ; 
London correspondent, Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, Tritton, Twells and Co., 54, 
Lombard-street. 

Hotel — Beverley Arms. 



Our Ocean ffigkwe^s. 



BEWDLEY.— Rail from London (Paddington Station), vi& 
Worcester (which see). Fares: aas. 7d., i6s. lod., los. 6d. 

A lown and purl. bor. of Englind, co. Wotcesler, 14 m. N.N.W. Worcei- 
Icr, tg m. S.W. Binninghitn, 137! m. N.W. London, on a blanch of the Gt. 
W. Ry. Pop. of pirl. bor. 7,000; of (own, 1,900. I( is pleasantly si lualol on 
the Severn, has a Deal appcaiance, and the houses aie well builL Manufac- 
tures in malt, lannine, and conring leather. 

Members of Parliament — Hon. Augustus H. A. Anson, (L), London resi- 
dence, Anmr and Navy Club, S.W, 

Bank— Bitmingham and Midland Banking Co., A. W. Clinch, Esq., mang., 
London correspondent — ^Messrs. Banictts and Co., 61, Lombanl-ilreet. 

Hotel— The George. 

BEYPOOR.— For steamers, see Madras ; thence by rail. 

A sea.port town of Btilish India, Madras presid., on the Malabar ctasX of 
India, 6 m, S. of Calicut ; lat. ii" 10' N., ton. 75* 51' E. It i» the western 
tenniniu of the Madras Ry., and derives its chief imponuice bom Uiis circum- 
itence. Iron ore ii worked in its vidni^. The ktrbour is good, bul the 
entruice U obstructed by a bitr. 

T. II— 57*. 

BEYREUTH.— See BAIREUTH. 

BEY ROUT.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, and Marseilles ; 
or vi& Triest (which see) ; thence by steamer. For steamers, sec 
Table. 

ranesn, 3 cr 

town, and has been several times destroyed by earthquakes. It has m 
of note, but a good bazaar. The exports from Great Briton to Syria exceed a 
million ami a quarter annually, consisting of silk, wine, oil, gums, &c. Imports: 
muslins, cottons, haniware, cloth, &c. Beyiout is the port of Damascus, with 
which it is connected byagood road. 

Postal— Letters from England to Syria vid Marseilles by French packet, 
under \ oz. 6d., | oz. is., from } 01. to I oz. is. 6d., every additional } oz. 6d. ; 
registr. fee 6d. } o;., newspapers not exceeding 4 oz. ad. ; vid Belgium and 
Trieste, not exceeding § oz. 6d., i 01. is., i) oz. is. 6d, ; regiUr. fee 4d. ; 
newspapers 4d. Money orders are issued which are available. 

Consul General (British) — G, J. Eldridge, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ Thomas S. Jago, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant)— Rev. William Patry, b.C.L. 

Bank— The Imperial Ottoman Bank ; London correspondents, the Imperial 
Ottoman Bank, 4, Bank-buildings, Lothbury. 

Lloyd's Agent — Henry Heald, Esq. 

T. M. — 15s. 6d. 

BEZIERS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, vii Dover, Calais, Paris, Monteicau, Joigny, 




56 Our Ocean Highways. 



Dijon, Macon, Lyons, Valence, Avignon, Tarascon, Nismes, Mont- 
pel iei, and Cette ; or Paris, Orleans, Perigueux, Brives, Toulouse, 
and Narbonne. 

An ancient and handsome city of France, dep. H^rault, 39 m. S. W. 
Montpclier, 12 m. N.E. of Narbonne, and 8 m. N. of the Mediterranean, lies 
delightfully situated on a hill near the River Orbe and the Canal du Midi ; laL 
43** 21' N., Ion. 3" 11' E. Pop. 27,7cx). It was formerly an archbishop's sec, 
and is surrounded by walls with towers. Good wines are grown in this district^ 
which is also fertile in cereals. Brandy distilling and manufactures of confec- 
tionery arc carried on extensively at Beziers. 

Hotel— E)u Nord. 

T. M. — 3s. 4d. 

BHAUGULPORE.— For steamers see Calcutta; thence 

by rail. 

A town of British India, prov. Bengal, on the Ganges, 1 13 m. N.W. Moor- 
shedabad and 150 m. N.W. Berhampore ; 266 m. N.W. Calcutta, with a 
station on the E. I. Ry. ; lat. 25" 15' N., Ion. 87** i' E. Pop. 35,000. 

T. M.— 57s. 

BHURTPORE.— For steamers see Calcutta; thence by rail. 

A town in India, the seat of a native rajah, 31 m. N.W. Agra; lat. 
27° 17' N., Ion. 77" 23' E. Pop. 100,000. It is noteworthy on account of 
two famous sieges by the British in 1805 and 1 825, in the latter of which it 

was taken by storm. 
T. M.-57S. 

BIARRITZ. — Route from London, see Bayonne. 

A chai-mingly situated watering place of France, dep. Basses Pyrenees, 5 m. 
S.W. of Bayonne, with which it is connected by rail: here the ex-£mperor 
Napoleon III. built the villa Eugenie, a marine residence for the imperial 
family. Pop. 3,600. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. W\ Jameson, M.A. 

Bank — Messrs. Saunders and Trimmers ; London correspondent, UmoB 
Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.C. (Circular notes.) 

Hotel — L)e France. 

T. M.^3s. 4d. 

BIDEFORD.— Rail from London (Paddington Station) 
9.15 and 11.45 ^•"^- • 5-^o and 9 p.m. Sundays, 8.10 and 9p.nL 
Fares : 56s. 6d., 37s., 45s. 6d. 

A sea-port of England, co. Devon, on the estuary of the Torridge, 16 m. 
from Ilfr.acoml>e, 8 m. S.W. Barnstaple, and 242^ m. from London bj Gt. 
Western Ry. ; lat 51" I ' N., Ion. 4" 14' W. Pop. 5,700. Bideford is a large 
and well inhabited place, and has considerable trade in coal, culm, timber, 
bark, and oak. The Torridge is crossed here by a good bridge. Vessels of 500 
tons burden come up to the town. 1,015 vessels, of 58,978 tonsburden, entered 
and clearc<l the port during the year 1869. 

Bank — Worcester City and County Bank Limited (Branch), S. Lee, Esq., 
mang. ; Ix>n. cor., London Joint Stock Bank, 5, Princes-.strcet, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — ^John Groves Cooper, Esq. 

Hotel — New Inn. 



Ottr Ocean Highways. 57 

BIEBERICH.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, scepageslv totxxii, !'iy Dover, Ostend, Brussels, Cologne, 
Oberlahnstein, St. Coarshausen, Rudesheim. 

A lown of Pnuiiiin Germany, prav. Hessen-Nusnu, attractively situated oit 
r. lank of the Rhine, 4111. S. <rt Wiesbttden, andwithlhcrwigcof IheTaunusas 
a backgTQuad, to lie northward; lot. 50' 3' N., Ion. 8 15' E. It was a 
favourite iiummcr residence of the former grand iluke^ of Naatau. 

Hotel — Ei?Yenbahn (Railway). 

T. M.— 65. 

BIELEFELD .—Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Lille, Brussels, 
Aix-la-Chapelle, Dtisseldorf, and Hanover, 

A town of Prassian Gennany, prov. Weslpbalia, i8 m. N. Lippstadt, 36 m. 
S.W. Minden, and 38 m. E. Miinsler, on the railway between Hanover and 
Minden. Pop. 18,700. It isalhrivingplacc, tian CKceltent bleaching grounds, 
and is noted for its eitensive xoanufiictures of thread and linen. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BILBAO. — Route from London by rail, fixed mml services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Tours, Poitiers, Bor- 
deaux, Bayonne, St. Sebastian, Vittoria, and Miranda (June) For 
steamers, see Table. 

A BeS'port of Spain, situated on the river Nervion, between 7 and S m. 
at>ovc its termination in the Bay of Biscay, 5 m. W. Sebastian and iSo m. N. 
Madrid, and is the terminus of the railway tunning northwards from Madrid, 
■:ui Burgos, to the Bay of Biscay, andHkewise the terminus of the railway from 
Paris •iouthwatds, via Bayonne and St. Sebastian ; lat. 43' 14' N., Ion. z' 56' 
W. Pop. 30,000. Its port is Portu^lete. The mountains by which Bilbao 
is nearly encircled abound in iron, which Ls extensively worked, and its exports 
of which ciiceed those of any other port in Spain, as do its imports of calicoes 
and petroleum. The trade is chiefly with England, France, and the Spanish 
West Indies. It is a larce and well built town, with line houses, ornamented 
in many instances with frescoes. It has an excellent quay, docks, town 
house, cathedral and several bridges. The exports of Great Britain to 
Bilbao have risen from /lOO.OOO in 1858 to a million sterling last year. The 
exports consist principally of iron ore. of which loo.ooo tons were eiiiorted, 
mostly lo England. The other exports ate (lour, wool, preserved food, wheal, 
copper, paper, wines, &c., amounting in all to ^£300,000 last year. The pros- 
perity of Bilbao is seriously retarded by a bar at the mouth of the river, but local 
interest has hitherto prevented the constrxiction of a suitable harbour at Portu- 
galete. 

Consul (British) — Horace Young, Esf]. 
„ (AmericanHL. Dahi, Esq. 

Vice Consul (American) — Edward Arenar, Esq. 

Rink— Allen T. Jones, Esq. ; London correspondent, the Union Bank, 
a. I'rinces-street, E.C 

Lloyd's Agent— Messrs. F. de Cava and Clark. 

T. M.— 7s. 



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58 Our Ocean HtgJvaxxys. 



BILSTON. — Rail from London (Faddington Station) 2.20 
and 2.40 p.m. Sundays, 2.30 p.m. Fares: 21s. 8d., 16s. 3d., 

I OS. 3d. 

A market town of England, co. Stafford, 2 m. S. K Wolverhampton, 1 1 m. 
N.W. Birmingham, and 139 m. from London by GL W. Ry. ; lat. 52*32' 
N., Ion. 2" 3' W. Pop. 24,300. Having near it large coal and iron mines, 
Bilston is an important place for the production of hard^re and iapanned and 
enamelled goods. It has many furnaces, forges, and slitting miUs, and exten- 
sively manufactures machinery, wire, screws, locks, nails, &c. 

Bank — Dudley and West Bromwich Banking Company, W. H. Clemow, 
Esq., mang. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Williams, Deacon, and Ca, 20^ 
Birchin-lane, E.G. 

liotcl — The Lion. 

BIMLIPATAM. — For steamers, see Madras; thence by 
British India Steam Navigation Company's steamers. 

A sea-port of British India, pres. Madras, 15 m. E.N.E. Vizagapatam, on 
the W. side of the Bay of Bengal ; lat. 17' 52' N., Ion. 83* 2/ E. A con- 
siderable coasting trade is carried on here. 
T. M.— S7s. 

BIN GEN. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Ostend, Brussels, Cologne, 

Coblentz. 

A town of W. Germany, grand duchy Hesse- Darmstadt ; picturesqndy 
situated on the 1. bank of Rhine, in the angle formed by the junction with that 
river of its affluent the Nahe, 16 m. W. by S. of Mainz ; lat. 49** 58* N., Ion. 
7° 55' E. Pop. 5,600. Bingen lies in the centre of the most celebrated porw 
tion of the Rhine scenery, and is hence much frequented by visitors. 

Hotel — Victoria. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BIORNEBORG.— For steamers, see Abo; thence by 

local conveyance. 

A sea-port of Europ. Russia, grand duchy Finland, on the estuaiy of the 
Xumo river, a few miles above its entrance into the Gulf of Bothnia ; lat. 61* 
27' N., Ion. 21° 36' E. Pop. 7,200. It has ship building yards, and a share 
in the timber trade. 

Lloyd's Agent — William Rosenlew and Co. 

T. M.— los. 

BIRKENHEAD.— Rail from London (Paddington Sta- 
tion), 6 and 10 a.m. ; 12.30, 3.30, and 6.20 p.m. Sundays 9 a.iiL 
Fares : 33s. 6d., 25s., i6s. ijd. 

A sea-port of England, co. Chester, on the W. shore of the Mersey, x m. 
from the sea, opposite Liverpool, 13 m. N.W. of Chester, and 228 ol nom 
I^ndonby Gt. W. Ry. ; lat. 53" 24' N., Ion. 3* i' W. Pq>, 5i,Goa Less 
than forty years ago Birkenhead had only a population of 2,00a lUatieets 
are broad and well paved ; the houses are handsomely built ; it has tome fine 
squares, and a well laid out park. It is coimected by rail wiUi Cheitcr, and 
by steam feny with Liverpool Its docks are capable ^f ai«^.^ff^|p>win^ng *^*' 



Our Ocean Ilighvmys. 



of ihe laije^ bunlen, and extend over a vist ai«a. The cfIcIubIciI ^liip 
building cswblishmenti of Messrs. Loinl we here. 

Member of Parilameol^ahn Xdird, Esq. (C), LondOQ reiidenee, to. Park- 
place, Si. Jamea-s, S.W. 

Bank — Alliance Banking Company (Branch), W. E. Hinde, Esq., miuie. ; 
London correspondent. Alliance Bonk, 40, Bartholomew-lane, E.C. 

Hotel— Wood sklc. 

BIRMINGHAM.— Rail from London, No. 1 byGt W. Ry. 

(Paddington Station), 6 and 10 a.m. ; 12.30, i.ao, 3.30, and b.20 
p.m.; Sundays, 2,30. p.m. No. t by L. and N. W, Ry. (Euston 
Square), 6.15, 6.35, 7.30, 7.40, 9.0, 9.5, lo.o a.m.; 13.0,3,0, 
3.30, 5.0, 6.0, 9.15 p.m, Sundays, 8.30, 10.0 a.m. ; S-o, 9-'S P-m. 
Fares: los., 153,, 9s. 5d. 

A town of England, co. Warwick, iSm. N.W. Coventry, 4001. S.E. 
Shrewsbury. 63m. S.S.E. Mandiester, and lagm. N.W. London by G. W. 
Rf. ; Ul. 52° 29' N., lotL i" 54' W. Pop. 370.000. Birmingham is the most 
flourishing town in Englstnd for all kinds of iron-work and other kindred 
manufactures. It stands on a hill side in the shape of a crescent ; its lower 
pan is filled with manufactories and warehouses, while Ihe upper pari contains 
many ne\v and spacious streets and squares, with fine buildings, such as the 
town hall, free grammar school, market !iall, Roman Calholic cathedral, ei- 
change, gaol, lunatic asylum, &c., besides many literary and scientific institu- 
tions, hospitals, theatres, &c. There is nothing that Birmingham does not 
produce in the way of manufacture, from a needle to an anchor, machinery of 
all kinds, articles in every metal, cast or forged tools, electro-plated goods, fire- 
arms, jewellery, glass and papier-mache wares, buttons, pins, needles, &c. 
The immediate vicinity of immense iron and coal beds has given Birmingham 
advantages in manufacture such as no other city of England possesses. 

Members of Parliament — George Dixon, Esq. (L), London residence, 24, 
Boltons, South Kensington, S.W. ; Philip Henry MunU, Esq. (L), London 
residence, Westminster Palace Hotel, S.W. ; Rt. Hon. John Bright (L), 
London residence. Reform Club, S.W. 

Consul {American)— J. B. Gould, Esq. 

Bank — The National Provincial Bank of England, Joseph Lincoln Porter, 
Esq., mang. ; London correspondent, the National Provincial Bank, 112, 
Bishopsgale- street. within, E.C. 

Hotel— The New Great Western (Snow HQI Sution), J, Hall, Proprietor. 

BLACK FOREST (Schwarz Wald).— Route from London, 
see Freiburg. 

A celebrated hill region of Germany, stretching in the general direction of 
N. and ,S.. along the E. side of the Rhine valley, between the parallels of 
47° 30' and 4{|° o'. It falls chiefly within the grand duchy of Baden, of which it 
constitutes the most notable feature : a small portion is within the western 
borderof Wiirlembei^. Many favourite places of resort — amongst them Baden- 
Baden and Wildbad — are within its limits. 

BLACKBURN.— Rail from London (St. Pancras^, 10 
a.m., 8.3s p.m. Fares: 37s., 27s. 6d., 17s. fid. 

A town of England, co. Lancaster, 31 m. N.E. Liverpool, 31 m. N.W. 
Manchester, and 110m. N.W. by N. London by Gt. N. Ry. ; lat. S3''4S'N„ 



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6o Our Ocean Highways. 



Ion. 2" 28' W. Pop. 63,cxx). Blackburn has its name from the brook Black- 
water, which runs through it, and is seated on the river Derwent. It has a 
town hall, exchange, market house, and a fine old church (SL Mary's). There 
are extensive cotton spinning and weaving works here, the town being one of 
the great centres for the prciduction and sale of cotton manufactures. There 
is an abundant supply of iron and coal in the vicinity.. 

Members of Parliament — Kdward K. Hornby, Esq. (C), London residence, 
24, Pall Mall, S.W. ; Henry M. Fcilden, Esq. (C), London residence, I, 
<^uecn's-gate-gardens, W. 

Bank — Manchester and Liverpool District Bank, William Barlow, Esq., 
niang. ; Ix>ndon correspondent, Messrs. Smith, Payne, and Smith, I, Lombard- 
i^trcet, E.G. 

Hotel — Old Bull, Leonard Billington, manager. 

BLIDA (BLIDAH.)— Route from London, see Algiers; 

thence by local conveyance. 

An inland town of Algeria, lying 30 m. S. of the city of Algiers, at the 
northern foot of the Atlas ; lat. 36" 30' N., Ion. 2* 48' E. Pop. 5,000. It is 
connected with Algiers by railway, and lies within a tract of country highly 
pro<luctivc in oranges, olives, and other fruits. 

BLOIS. — Route from London to Paris by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, and Orleans. 

A town of France, dep. Loir et Cher, on the Loire, 99 m. S.S.W. Paris, 
35 m. S.S.W. Orleans, and 47m. W. Tours; lat. 47** 35' N., Ion. i' 20' W. 
Pop. 20,000. Blois was at one time the residence of the kings of France, and 
is the see of an archbishop. It has narrow streets and is irregularly built ; its 
cathedral is a large structure, and stands in an elevated part of the town. The 
castle is very ancient, and stands on a rock overhanging the river. TTic Duke 
of (iuise, and his brother, the cardinal, were assassinated here by order of 
Henry IIL Blois has some manufactures of gloves and porcelain, and carries 
on a brisk trade in wines. 

War 1870-71 — Occupied by the Germans 13th Dec, 1870. 

Bank — Sf. A. Blanchon, Rue de Lion Ferrc, No. 1 1 ; London correspondent, 
Messrs. Herrics, Farquhar, and Co., 16, St. James's-street, S.W. 

I lotel — D' Angleterre. 

T. M. — 3s. 4d. 

BLUFF, or A^VARUA. — For steamers, see Melbourne ; 

thence by local steam line. 

A harlx)ur. New Zealand, N. shore of Foveaux Strait, which divides the 
South Island from Stewart Island, farther to the southward ; lat. 46* 33' S., 
Ion. 168° 19' E. The space for anchorage is narrow and confined : it is a point 
of call for the dist. of Southland, now re-united to the prov. of Otago. 

BODMIN. — Rail from I^ndon (Paddington Station), 6, 

9.15 a.m.; 8.10 p.m. Sundays, 8.10 p.m. Fares: 52s. 4d., 

36s. I id., 21s. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Cornwall, 25 m. W. by N. Ply- 
mouth, 32 m. N.E. Falmouth, and 273^ m. by Gt. W. Ry. from Lcmdon ; 
lat. 55" 28' N., Ion. 4' 45' W. Pop. of pari. bor. 6,380 ; of town, 4,46a It 



Our Ocean Higkroays. 



has a town house, court house, county gitol, and lunatic asj'luin, and some 
manufactures uf serge and woollens, 

Mcmbcra of Parliament— CtfH«/»i Ccrmaall, East, Sir J. G. S. Trelawney, 
Hart., (i.), London residence, 3, Rutland -Kftlc, S.W. ; E. W. Brideea Wi!- 
Uams, Eiv)., (L), Ijindon residence, II, St. James's-place, S.W. : IVeil, John 
St. Aubyn, Esq., (L), London residence, S4. Eaton-place, S.W. ; Arthnr P. 
Vivian, Esq., (L), London residence, 7, Belgrave-Bquore, S.W. : City, Hon. 
Edwaid Frederick LevesoD-Gower, (L), London residence, 14, South Audlcy- 
sttecl, W. 

Bank — Messrs. Robins, Fonrter, and Co. ; Ijmdon correspondent, Messrs. 
Williams, Deacon, and Co., 20, Birehin-Unc, E.C. 

Hotel— The Royal. 

BOGOTA. — For steamers *see Sta. Martha, thence by local 
§[eanier to Honda on the Magdalene, thence by horse. 

A city in South America, cap. of the United Stales of Colanibia, lat. 4" 
aS' N., loll. 74° 28' W., lies newly 9,000 tt. above the level of the sea, on an 
elevated plalcau at the foot of Mount Chiaga-W and on the San Fruicisco river. 
I'up. 40,000. There are a great number of relicious buildings and a univeisitjr. 

Consul General (British)— Robert Buoch, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ Charles O'Lwry, Esq. 

BOLIVAR. — For steamer see Trinidad, thence by local 
steam line vid Orinoco river. 

BOLIVIA, see SUCRE. 

BOLOGNA. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, j'/iJ Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Macon, 
Culo-^, Mont Cenis, Susa, Turin, Alessandria, Stradella, Piacenza, 
I'arma, and Modena. 

An.incicnt, l.itge. and rieheilyN. Italy, 17J m. S.E. Modena, 25 m. S.W, 
Kerrara,48 m. N. Florence, and 175 m. N.W. Rome. Top. 90,000. The 
|)ublic buildings are magnificent, as well as regards the architecture as the orna- 
ments, especially thcpamtings, many of which are by the best masters. There 
arc a great number of fine palaces and other residences, amongst which the 
l'ala?io Publico, In the middle of the city stand the two leaning lowers, 
inclining the one 3I ft. and the other 8 ft. from the vertical. Bolc^a has nume- 
rous convents and churches, a university and public library, three theatres, and a 
casino. The manufactures consist of crai>e, silk, glass, sulphuric acid, sausages 
&c. Exports : silk, oil, and wine. 

Bank— Mr. G. B. Venoli ; London correspondent, Messrs. Herries, Far- 
quharand Co., 16, St. Jamcs's-street, S.W. ( Ciriular noUs. ) 

Hotel— Europa. 

T. M.-7S. 6d. 

BOLTON.— Rail from London (Euston Square), 6.13, 6.25, 
ro, and 1 1 a.m. ; 9 p.m. Sundays, 10 a.m. and 9 p.m. Fares : 
34s. 6d., 25s., i6s. 3d. 



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62 Our Ocean Highways. 



A lt)wn of England, co. Lancashire, on the Trwcll, 31 m. E.N.E. Livenxx>l» 
lom.N.W.ManclicMcr, ami 200 m. from London by London and N.W. Ky. ; 
lat. 55' 55' N. ,lon. 2" 47' W. I^oj). 70,000. Bolton is an important manu- 
fncturini,^ town. Principal buildings : town hall, exchange, mechanics' institute, 
cloth halls, a'isembly rooms, theatre, i*tc. Manufactures : muslins, printing 
caliciKS, quilting^, and counteqianes, dimities, sattcens, jeans, cotton shawls. 
^\:c. There are also extensive bleaching grounds, paper mills, machine works, 
iron foundries, &c. The coal pits in the vicinity contribute greatly to the industry 
uf the town. 

Members of Parliament — ^John Hicks, Esq. (C), London residence, 57, 
Quccn's-galc, W. ; Lieut. -Col. William Gay (C), London residence, 26, Princes- 
gardens, \V. 

Bank — Manchester County Hank, Edwin Woolard, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, the Union Bank, 2, rrince>-.streei, E.C. 

BOMBAY. — Route from London No. i, Overland, via 
Soutlianipton, for steamers, see Table. No. 2, Overland, viA 
Jirimlisi ( .NLirseilles, interru pled on account of the war), or Trieste, 
.see pages Ixv to Ixxii. No. 3, by Euphrates Valley route, via 
Bcyrout (which see) ; thence by Camel to Damascus, (3 days) ; 
thonco to Ihgdad (15 days); thence by steamer to Bussorah 
(Tigris and luiphrates Steam Navigation Co.), via Kut, Dufas, 
and K/ra's Tomb ; t]ience])y steamer (H. I. S. N. Co.) to Bombay. 
Via Fao, Dusliire (j)ort for Ispahan, Teheran, and Caspian 
Sea), Linga, IJunder Abbas, Mu.scat, Gwadur, Kurrachee, and 
ljoml)ay — Alcxandretta (which see) ; thence by <\amel to Antioch, 
AlepjK), Arfa, Diarbekir, Mardin, Mosul (Nineveh), Kerkook, 
Bussorah ; tlience by steamer as above — Samsoon (which see) ; 
thence by Camel to Tokat, Suas, Karput, Diarbekir, Mardin, Mosul 
(Nineveh), Kerkook, Bussorah ; thence by steamer as above. No. 4, 
Via St. Petersburg (which see) ; thence by rail to Nijni Novogorod ; 
thence by steamer on the Volga to Astrakan ; thence by fortnightly 
steamer to Resht on the Caspian ; thence by camel, or horse to 
Teheran, Ispahan, Shiraz and JUishire, (Persian Gulf); thence by 
mail steamer twice a month to Bombay. 

The principal sea-port on the W. co.ost of India, and the cap. and seat 
of ^nveniinent of the Prcsi<Icncy of Homlwy, which has an area of moix; than 
2oo,c>cx) s(j. ni., Iie«i on the S.K. extremity of the island of same name, close to 
tliL in;\inlrin(l, in l.il. iS' 56' N., Ion. 72" 53' K. ; and lias a population of nearly 
.•. million (816,562). 'I'he Kuropcans and I'arsee merchants have their places of 
Ijii-inc^N in the fort or now town, and their private residences some miles away ; 
till' n:itive iH)pulalion. l>oth Hindoo and >Inhoniedan» live in the town, about a 
milo from tlio fort. rrincii)al buildinjjs : j;ovemment house, Sudder Hcwanec 
c(»nrl h«mso. cathedral, Klphinstone institution, Cjrant me<lical college, town 
hall, ^ovcnimcni offices, I'ortuguese and Anncnian cimrches, and manv mosques 
and temples. The Parsees of Bombay form the most wealthy part of the com- 
nmnity, and are the boldest, most enterprising, and most successful merchants 



Our Ocean Highmays. 



in India. The harbour of Bombijr ia eiceUent and commodious. Bombay has 
an cxicosive trade with China ; importing thence silk, Sl^ar, treasure, £rc. 
TTie cnjorU are ravr cotton, opium, peuU, sandal wood, 4c Imports from 
GreM Britain : cotton anil wooUcn stufli;, collon vont, hardware, copper, iroa, 
lead, s!'^! ^'^ Exports to Ei^land : coilon, alk, ivoiy, apices, cottec, wool, 
&c. The American civil war gave a great nimulus lo cotton-gTotrth in India, 
and, with it, to the ejport trade of Bombay. The Pcainsular and Oriental Steam 



ivigalion Co., whose fleet of steamers contribute so largely lo the elosei 
more rapid connectioa and increasing commercial prosperity of Europe aod 
keep up a large establishment here (or the Bombay Presidency, similar li 



u Calcutta for llle Beneal Presidency. 

Stearoenofthc Bnlish India Steam Navigation Co. (chief office, i«, Strand ; 
Calcutta, G. J. ScotI, secretary ; agents at Bombay. Mesin. W. Nicdl and Co. ) 
leave Bombay for Calcutta and intermediate potts, lad and i6th ; rttuining gih 
ami 33rd. 

The Ueamci^ of the Bombay and Bengal Steam Navipilion Co. Limilcd 
(Steams, Hobart, and Co., managers), leave Bomba)^ for feuei alternate \\'ed- 
ncsdays, returning about the isl and 15th, connecting with the steamers of 
Messrs. Moss and Co.'s Liverpool line of steamers from Alexandria. Farelo 
Aden, ^25 ; to Snei. CtA '•' «'■ ^^^ Messrs. Moss and Cc's steamers for 
England, see Alexandria. 
Postal— See Calcutta. 

Vice Consul (American)— A. Kitlredge, Esq. 
\ Bank — Agra Bant, Rampart-row, E. Morris, Esq., mang. ; London cor- 
respondenl, Agra Bank, 35, Nichola.s-lane, E.C. New Bank of Bombay 
(Limilcd). Elphinitonc -circle, M. Balfour, Esq.. mang. Chartered Bank of 
India, Australia, and China, Elphinslonc-circle, James Douglas, Esq., mang. ; 
Lon. cor., Head Office, Hatton-court, Threadneedlc street, E.C. Charlered 
Mercantile Bank of India, London, and China, Elphinstone-circle, R. Camp- 
bell, Esq.. mang. ; Lon. cor.. Head Office, 6$, Old Broad-streel. E.C. 
Comptoir D'Escompte dc Paris, Rampart-row, E. T. HanlcasJie, Esq., mang. ; 
I^n. cor.. Union Bank of London, 2, Princes-street, E.C. ; C.J. Hambroand 
.Son, 70, Did Broad-street. E.C. Government Savings* Bank, Office. New 
Bank of Bombay, M, Balfour, Esq., mang. Hongkongand Shanghai Banking 
Coqioration, Kampart-row, R. Stevenson, Esq., mang. ; Lon. cor., I^undon 
and County Bank, ai, Lombard- street, E.C. Patsee, Baiaar-strcet. Messrs. 
Grindlay and Co., Lon. cor., Messrs. Grindlay and Co,, Parliamenl-filrcet, 
S.W. Oriental Bank Cori>oration, Rampart-row, J. F. Moir, Esq., mang.; 
Lon. cor.. Oriental Bank Corporation, 20, Thread needlc-st reel. 
Hotels — Adelphi; Byculla, Pallongee's ; Esplanade. 
T. M.-57S. 

MosKV. — Value Sterunc. £ s. d. 



^^^ 



= 


I gold rupee 


, 














= 




... l.ooe^ooo 




64 Our Ocean Highways, 

Weights and Measures. 
In Bomlxiy, the following are the local weights in use : — 

4 dhan or yav ... = I rakticaorgunj 2*1267 gr.tr. 0*01182 tola. 

8 raktica — I masha 8.5069 ,, 0*09452 

4 masha — I tank 2*4889 dr.av. 0*37802 

72 tank, or 30 pa'is = I ser ll^ oz. ,, 27f 

40 .scrs = I man 28 lb.,, io88f 

20 mans = I khandi 560 lb. ,, 6*8056 imp. man. 






The khandi for cotton is 28 mans, or 784 lbs. avoir., or 7 cwt. 

Tlie **pakka ser" is i\^ lbs. avoir., or 72*59 tolas. At Panwel the scr 

M'eighs 72 83 tolas. 

The British Indian or Imperial ser and man are 2*9387755 Bombay sers and 
mans respectively ; and the Bombay man is 0*3402778 imp. mans. 

The Bombay ser weighs 317*51485 grammes, and the mdn 12*700594 kilo- 
grammes. 

Native Jewellers* Weight. 







I dhan . 


4 dhan 


• • ' 


I rati 


8 rati ... . 


• • ■ 


I masha 


12 masha ... 


= 


1 tola . 



H gr. troy. 


If 


9» 


15 


»» 


180 


ft 



2gimj ... 


= I wal ... 


... = 38282 


4 wal 


= I masha 


... = 15 3128 


12 masha ... 


= I tola ... 


••• = 183*7536 



A dhan is 0*46875 gr. troy, or 0*0303745 French grammes. 

Goldsmiths' Weight. 

gr. troy. 

»9 

Mashas, rati, dhan.s, arc employed in the native valuation of assay of the 
precious metals : thus *' 10 mashas fine" signifies io-i2ths pure ; or the same 
as " 10 oz. touch." 

Measures of Length. 

The gaz or unit of lineal measure not only differs in different proTinoes of 
India, but also, like the scr, in the same province for different purposes. The 
English yard, however, is rapidly becoming the only standard umt, espedaO/ 
where English education has obtained a firm footing. 

3Jau = I angli i in. or 19*05 mm. 

4 angli = I muthx 3 ,, 76** 

12 angli = 1 big'hathorbilisht 9 „ 228*6 

2 l)ig'halh,or24Ang. = I hl^th or cubit 18 „ 457*19 

2 hath = igazoryard ... 3 ft. 914*^8 

4hfith = 1 oanda or bam ... 2 yds. 1*8287 

2000 dlinda = I kos or kros ... 4000 )rds. 3657*5 

4 kros = I yojan 9^^01.14630 






ff» 
ff» 



In Bombay, the half hath is called vent ; and the measuring rod or katbi Ibr 
land, according to Jer\'is, is 9*3644 feet. In Gujarat, 5 hilth make I tm2^ or 
kathi. In Western India, almost every village has its own kathL 



^H^^^^^^^SI 


Ow Ocean Highioays. 


65 


Is Bomhav— PoB Clotii. 




2 niiEali = lUsi 

i* tasil = igai 


t| Inch. 
S7 ■. 


In Puia, [he gat i-i 34i in., but English dolh is sold by the yoid. 


Jn Bengal. 




a hith = igaz 


3l inch. 
IS „ 
36 .. 


MEAStl&eS OF SUKFACK. 




Ill Bengal the following are used :— 




3 square hilbs = 1 gutdeh 

aogandeh = i chhatink 

l6 chhdiank = I kaltlii 

20 kfllthi = I bigha 


ii«,. fl, 

1600 „ 


•Hie Bengal bigha is -ffi, or 03305785 "f "° "cre. 
The BcDOEES and GhaiecDoic bichi contains t.6oo 


SQuaiE Benarei inz. or 



3,136 square yanis, or 0647934 acre. 

In Bombay, Poona, &c. 

34^ square hiiha ... 
30 kalhlyio 

6 ^S 

lao bigha 



= I fc^"' 
: I lukdl. 



Ik Bombay— j^R Guin. 

36 tanks = I tipari 97046 c in. 5i 01. av. 

2 tipari = 1 ser 19'4093 „ ii^ „ 

4 sers = 1 payali or adhali ... 77"6367 „ if lbs. 

16 payali = i pbaro or faro ... 11421^ >i 44^ •■ 

5 pharasorfara = i khandi 9937* .. 35*1 

35 tara = I muda I7'97l5cft. 14 qrs. 

I7i pay»lis ... = i fara of rice '33933 c. in- 604 gall. 

17I payalis ... = i bia of other grain 1358-66 ,, 6^ 
8* payalis ... = I faraof limcorchunam 65991 „ 2-9S ,, 
These fans are not regulated on any aiithoritati»e basis. 
In Bombay— for Salt. 

I adhvalli 4*11745 pints. 

lot adhvalli = 1 pharo ot faro S'7979 pU- 

100 phara = I ano 7l'474 oush. 

16 ana = 1 ras I44'948 qi*. 

The faro foe salt contuns i6o^'6i cnb. inches; andtbcMiikifrfor liqoid* 
of 6otcJai, 01 about 4a'7Saib. uicIks, thatii 1*3343 pint. 




66 Our Ocean Highways. 



BONA, (Arab. Beled-el-Aneb). — ^For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of Algeria, 80 m. N.E. Constantine, and 270 m. E. Algiers, 
on the Mediterranean : lat. 36'' 54' N., Ion. 7* 46' $" E. Pop. io,ooa The 
French occupation of Bona, since 1832, has greatly improved the aspect and 
sanitary condition of the city ; there are markets, bazaars, caAs, reading rooms, 
a theatre, &c. Several fine quays have been erected ; the port Is frequented 
for its coral fishery. Some superior woollen stuffs, called * Constantinehs,' are 
manufacturetl here. Exports : cattle, leather, oil, wax, wool, iron. 

Vice Consul (British) — John Francis Llambias, Esq. 

T. M.— 8s. 

BONIFACIO.— -For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of Corsica, at the .S.W. extremity of the island, and on the strait 
which divides it from Sardinia, 40 m. S.S.E. Ajaccio ; lat. 41* 23' N., Ion. 9* 
8' E. Pop. 3,600. It has a strong citadel. The port has deep water 
throughout, and is very good, but the entrance is rather difficult. There is 
good coral fishing here. 

T. M.— 4s. 2d. 

BONN. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Lille, Brussels, Aix-la- 
Chapelle, and Cologne ; or via Dover and Ostend. 

An ancient town of Prussian Germany, on the 1. bank of the Rhine, IC m. 
S. Cologne, and 60 m. N. by W. Mayence ; lat. 50* 40' N., Ion. 7" 9 E. 
Pop. 23,800. Its university is celebrated, and has on the average 600 students. 
It contains a fine library of 150,000 vols. There is a fine old cathedral, also a 
good town hall, theatre, museum, &c. Bonn is delightfully situated ; it is one 
of the most pleasant places on the Rhine, and is chosen by many foreigners as 
a place of residence. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. George H. Moberly, M.A. 

Bank — M. Jonas Cahn, Weichser Hof, No. 855. London correspoDdent, 
the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. (Ciradar notes,) 

Hotel— Grand Hotel Royal. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BONNY.— For steamers, see Table. 

A sea>port of Africa, on the £. bank of the Niger, near its mouthf on the 
Atlantic Ocean ; lat 4* 26' N., Ion. 7* 10' E. The country aioond is a 
swamp, little above the level of the ocean. There is a great trade carried on in 
palm oil. 

Postal — Letters from England to Bonny, not exceeding ioz., 6d., i oz, is.; 
registr. fee, 4d.; newspapers id. Money orders are issued, which are avail- 
able. 

BORDEAUX.— For steamers, see Table. Route from Lon- 
don by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, Vftcl Dovei; 
Calais, Paris, Orleans, Tours, Poitiers, and Angoul^me. 

A commercial dty of France, dep. Gironde, on the 1. bank of the Garann^ 
102 m. N.N.E. Bayonne and 363 m. S.W. Paris, on the railway from Fuis to 
Madrid ; Ut 44* 50' N., loo. o* 34' W. Pop. 194,000. Principal IwiUSBg^ 



Our Ocean Higkioays. 



the itrdiicpiscopsl palace, caihcdral, Ihree thtalro (of which the 'Gruid 
Theaire' is one of Ihc finest m Europe), exchange, Irihunil of commerce, mU' 
seum, mini, banks, college, &c. Il hju a very fine bridge and a railway bridge, 
and several fine promenades. Bordeaux is the great scat of the wine trade of 
France. A visit (o the different chateaux (such as Chateau MatgauXi Lafitte, 
Lalour, Sc.) forms one of the chief attractions to the rtianger. The trip — one 
that will welt repay the cost — can be mode b; reamer down ihe river (o Psvillac^ 
and thence by CBHtage. An order bomalionleaux wine hoiue is requisite to en- 
sure admission to the various wine cellars. Tlieport is very large, and able lo 
accommodate a fleet of ves.<>cls of large siie. The quays are very alen.dve ; 
and the commerce carried on most important. The exports consist principnllT 
of wine, of which mare Ihon a million of hectolitres annually are shipped. A 
gieal quantity goes lo England in return for coal, of which a quarter of a 
million tons annually is sent to Bordeaux. The manufactorcs of Bordeaux 
consist of cotton, woollen, and dlk fabrics, lobaeco, soup, chocolate liqueurs, 
vernikclli, wax candles, porcelain, sugar refining, &c 

Consul (British)— Thomas Curew Hunt, Esq. 

Vice Con.sul ,, John C. Millar, Esq. 

Consul (American) — Chos. J. Clinch, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ Victor Olcjatl, Esq. 

Clergynuja [ProCeilant) — Rev. E. S. Froissard. 

Bank — Messrs. F. de Fordelier, Lsrau, et Cie ; London correspondent, 
the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular nola.) 

IJoyd's Agents— Messrs. Lartite and Vaudercniyce. 

Hotel— Des Princes cl <ie la Pali. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

BORNBO. — For steamers, see Singapore ; thence by sailing 
packet to Sarawak. 

A large island of Asia, in the Pacific Ocean, between laL 7° 4' N. and 4° 15' 
S., Ion. 108° 53' and 119° 11' E. Length 800 m, ; breadth, 700 m. Area, 
370,000 sq. m. Pop. estimated at 1 to 3,000,00a In the interior Ihe country is 
mountainous, two mountain ranges intersecting Ihe island from N.E. to S.W., 
but towards the shores there are many fine and level plains, which are very 
fertile. The forests furnish valuable timber and cutta-percha trees. Sago, 
camphor, and benione are indigenous. The Briti^ trade is extensive, ^id 
earned on through the port of Singapore (which see). The best known of Ihe 
states of Ihe islajids is Bruni, or Borneo proper, on the N. coast, and Sarauak, 
of which the late Sir James Brooke made himself the ruler and rajah, and to 
whom his son has succeederl in power. The Dutch possessions are, on the W. 
coast, cap. Pontianak, ant) on the K. and E. coast, cap. Banjermassin. On the 
N. coast of the island, 30 m. N.E. Bruni, is theisland of Labuan (which sec), a 
British possession. 

Consul General (British)— John Pope Hentiesy, Esq. 

BORNHOLM. — For route, see Abo ; thence by local sailing 
packet and occasional steamer. 



An island in Ihe Baltic, belonging lo Denmark. Area, 315 K 
1. »9,30O. Riinne, at the S.W. comer of the island, and ' 



J5^6'N.,lon. I4*43'E. The coasts are geneiatlv steep and ncky, but 
tenor of the islaitd is only of moderate elevation, the highest point being 




68 Our Oceafi Highways. 



under 500 feet. The inhabitants arc chiefly engaged in agricultural pursuits or 
in (ishing. 

Lloyd's Agent — Adolf Kasch, Ksq. 

BOSNA-SERAI.— Route from London, rvVf Vienna (which 
see) ; thence by rail vid Gratz, Marburg, and Laybach to Trieste ; 
thence by steamer to Ragusa, nearest port (which see). 

A city of Turkey, gov. Bosnia, on the Migliazza, 570 m. W.N.W. Con- 
stantinople and 120 S.W. Belgrade; lat. 43* 55' N., Ion. 18* 26' K. Pop. 
50,000. The conkmercial condition of the trade of Bosnia is not encouraging. 
Roads have l)cen made, but they arc far from what they ought to be ; the 
carters are obliged to travel in company, and harness all their horses to one cart 
to get it over many ascents. What is wanted for Bosnia is free access, by rail 
or gowl roads, to European markets through the Turkish port of KIek, on the 
Adriatic. Until this is done the English merchant can take little interest in the 
trade to Bosnia. {Vidf * Consular Report,' 1869.) 

('onsul (llritish) — William R. Holmes, Esq. 

T. M.— 9^. 

BOSTON, U. S.— For steamers, see Table. 

A sea -port and maritime city, is situated on several adjacent penin- 
sulars at the lK)ttom of Massachusetts Bay, and connected 'with the mainland 
by numerous railways, which traverse the isthmuses and adjacent waters ; bt. 
42"* 20' N., Ion. Ti" 54' W. Top. including suburl>s, 250,000. Principal build- 
ings : the state house, Faneuil hall, court house, exchange, aistom house, 
gencr.il ho^i>ital, city hall, Har>'ard University, Athen:cum, &c., besides which 
it has many churches, and scientific, literary, and charitable institutions. This 
city, the cap. of the New England States, is one of the oldest on the American 
continent. The harbour has been much improved, and is now one of the 
Inrst and most secure on the coast. Nearly 10,000 vessels of all nations entered 
this port last year. 850,000 tons of coal were imported ; 1,500,000 banrels of 
flour : 250,000 bales of cotton. The trade in l)oots and shoes is immense, and 
amounts to 50.000.000 dollars annually ; 3,000 cases are on the averase ex- 
porteil daily. The sale of sugar amounted to 78,000 hogsheads 85,000 boxes 
and 100,000 bags and liaskets, besides 65,000 hogsheads of molasses. Of 
wool, 300,000 bales, foreign and domestic, were received last year, an in- 
crease of 500 per cent, in ten years. The annual sales of Boston may, accord* 
ing to the authority of the British consul, he set down at 1,000,000,000 dollars. 

Bank — Messrs. Brown, Brothers and Co., I^ndon correspondent, Mcbxs. 
Brown, Shipley and Co., Founders-court, Lothbury ; Messrs. Bowles, Brothers 
and C»). ; London corTes]>ondent, Messrs. liowles, 449, Strand, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — ^James Sturgis, Esq., 

Hotel — Revere. 

T. M.-30S. 

BOSTON. — Rail from London (King's Cross), 9 a.m. ; 2.45, 

5, and 9.15 p.m.; Sundays, 7.30 a.m. ; 9.15 p.m. Fares: 19s., 

14s. 6d., Ss. I id. 

A sea-port of England, co. Lincoln, on both sides the Witham, not Cur 
from its influx into the sea, 37 m. S. K. Lincoln and 107 m. from Ixmdon by 
c;t. N. Ry. ; lat. 52* 59' N., Ion. 0*3' W. Pop. 14,700. The. two parts, into 
which the town is divided by the river, are connected by a good bridge. It 



Our Ocean High-ways. 



\as, B tnclc in wool, and the lofly !<pirc of ils church ^icrves as a landmaik for 
mariners. Imports : timber, hemp, tar, anil iion from the Baltic. EiporLs ; 
corn ojitl other agricultural produce. 709 vesseLi, of 43,409 loos biuden, 
enlcreil anil cleared the port during the year 1869, 

Mcmbeis of Parliament— J ohti W. Malcolm, Esq. (C), Loodon rtiidence, 
7, Great Stanhope-street, W. ; Thomm Collins, Esq. (C), London residence,' 
3, Hare.court, Temple, E.C. 

Bank— Nalionul Provincial Bank of Eneland, Charles Dobson, Esq. , maog. ; 
London correspondent. The National Provincial Bank of England, m, 
i)iihop5eaie-5lre«- within, E.C. 

Hold— 'n>c Peacock. 

BOUGIAH.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A port of Algeria, prov. Conslantine, 112 m. E. Algiers, at tnoulh of 
river of same name, which here flows into the Mediterranean 1 Int. 36* 41' N., 
foD. 5° 13' £. Pop. 3,000. It han three strong forts, and comidcrable tiaile 
is carried on here in oil, wa)i, honey, betel, and grain, especially in the two 
first. France has had posscsbion of Bougiah since 1S33. 

T. M.-ftr. 

BOULAC— Route from London, see Cairo. 

A town of Egypt, I. bank of Nile, 2 ni. N.W. IZ^ro, of which it forms a 
^burb. Pop. 20.000. It is the port of Cairo (which see), at which the ships 
navigating the Nile discharge their oiigoes. Sleamcrs and duhaliles {the 

BOULOGNE-SUR-MER.— For steamers, see Table. 
Route from London by rail, see pages Ivto Ixxii, vi& Folkestone, 

A sea-port and favourite watering place of France, dep. Pas-de-Calais, i7oni. 
by rail from Paris; lat. 5a°44'N., Ion. 1° 35' E. Pop. 40,01x1. Buill in 
the form of an amphitheatre, encircled by gardens, and overshadowed by hills, 
it is one of the pleasantest towns of the N. of France. Its principal places of 
interest are the Beflroi, or watch tower, the diadel, bcdanic gardens, and 
cathedral, to whose crypt thousands of pilj^rims come yearly from all parts of 
Europe. The museum contains one of the tinest and best assorted collections 
in France. Boulogne is a connecting link of the tidal service which unites 
England, viS Folkestone, with France and the Continent. It ha.s several pub- 
lic buildines, chief of which are the " Etablisseroent des Bains," the general 
hospital, the barracks, a public libraiy, and a theatre. The harbour ii formed 
of two large basins, connected by a quay. There is a large amount both of 
import and eiport traile, the tonnage of ships entering and clearing amounting 
to nearly a quarter of a million tons annually. TTie imports arc chiefly manu- 
factured gooiis, Australian wool, jute, coal, machinery, silk, hardware, cotton 
and woollen yam, paper-hangings, mall, beer, and chemicals. The exports 
■-- ■- indy, artificia' " '' ■* ' '" ■ " "' " 



:, brandy, artificial flowers, and fancy articles, lace, qjgs, cattle, &C. 
ul (British)— Willian' '■ ' 
Consul „ Captaii 



Consul (British)— William Hamilton, Esq, 
Vice Consul ,, Captain James H. Sadler. 
Consul (American)— J. Ue la Montaigne, Esq. 



Vice Consul „ James Fontaine, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant)— Rev. C. H. H. Wright, M.A. 
Bank— Messrs. Adam et Cie. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Coutts and 
Co., 59, Strand, W.C. (Circutarnela.) 




70 Our Ocean Highways. 



Hotel — Dcs Ikiins ct tie IJelle Vue. 
Lloytl's Agent — Messrs. Adam and Co. 
T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

BOURBON L;ARCHAMBAULT.— Route from Lon- 
don by rail, fixed mail services, sec pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, 
Calais, Paris, FonUinebleau, Montargis, Nevers, Moulins-sur- 
Allier; thence by diligence. 13 m. 

An inland watering place of France, dep. Allicr, 12 m. W. by N. of Mou- 
lins, lat. 46** 37' N., Ion. 3" 2' E. Pop. 3,460. Its saline waters render it a 
favourite place of summer reiwrt. It was the cradle of the Bouiixm race, 
vestiges of whose ancient chateau still remain. 

BOURBON, or ILE DE REUNION, see ST. 
DENIS. 

BOURGES. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vict Dover, Calais, Paris, Orleans. 

An inland town of France, cap. dep. Cher, situated at the confluence of the 
Auron and Ix)rette, affluents of tne Cher, 124 m. S. of Paris ; lat. 47° 6' N., 
Ion. 2" 22' F. Top. 30, OCX). Bourges is one of the most ancient cities of 
France, and has numerous historic associations, from the period of Rmnan 
dominion duw nwards ; its most celebrated building is the hotel de \'ille, the 
former resilience of Jacques Cceur, the famous merchant of the 15th century. 
Its cathedral is a fme Gothic structure. It has some manufactures of woollen 
goods, &c., and is the head quarters of one of the military divisions of the 
kingdom. 

Hotel — De France. 

T. M.— 3*;. 4d. 

BOURGAZ (BURGHAS or BURGAS).— Route from 

London, see Constantinople ; thence by steamers, see Tables. 

Vice Consul (British) — C. A. Brophy, Elsq. 
T. M.— 9s. 

BOWNESS.— A village on the E. shore of Lake Winder- 
mere, CO. Westmoreland, 8 m. N.W. of Kendal (which see). 

BRADFORD (Yorkshire).— Rail from London (King's 
Cross), 7.40, 9.10, and 12 a.m. ; 2.45, 5.25, and 9.15 p.m.; Sun- 
days, 5 and 9.15 p.m. Fares : 33s. 9d., 25s. 3d., 15s. iid. 

A town of England, co. York, 36 m. W. by S. York, 9 m. W. Leeds, 193m. 
N.N.W. London by road, 196m. by Gt. N. Ry., and 3iai m. by 
Midland Ky. ; lat. 53^ 47' N., Ion. i'45'W. Pop. I20,ooa It lies a few 
miles S. of the river Aire, at the junction of three exteiLsive valleys. The town 
lias an exchange, court house, gaol, music hall, many churches and chapels, 
and is well supplied with ^-ater brought from a duitance of 9om. Houses 
wholly of stone. 'I1ie production of worsted yam and stuf& constitntes the 



Our Ocean Highways. 



great husiness of BrailfonL I^igc iron foundries and collieries are in the 

Members of Pailiimenl — Rt. Hon. W. E. Forater, [L), I^ndon residence^ 
80, Ecclesloo.sqnare, S.W. j Edward Miall, Esq. (L), I^ndon residence, tS, 
Bonvme-slrccl, E.C. 

Bank — llnidfoid Bonking Company, G. Ackroyd, Esq., mang. ; London 
<x»iespcmden(, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbury, E.C, 
Hotel— The Talbot. 

BRADFORD (Wilts) .—Route from London by Gt. W. Ry. 
{Paddington Station) ; local line from Bath. Fares: 19s. id. ist 
cl., 14s. 4d. 2nd cl., 9s. id. 3rd cl. 

A town of Eiu[Uuid, co. WUt,?, situated oa the river Avon, 8m. S.E. of 
Bath, and uro. W. of Devizes; lat. 51' 21' N., Ion. 2° 14' W. Pop. S.ooo. 
It Has early distinguished as a seat of the woollen cloth manufacture, which is 
(till cairied on, Iral ils importance in this respect has been dwarfed by the 
•Mdem giom-th of ill Ertater najniaake in Yorkshire. 

Bank — Wilts and Dorset Banking Co. (Branch) ; London conespondeot, 
London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbury, E.C. 

Hotel— The Swan, 

BRAILOW.— See I BRAIL. 

BRANDENBURG.— Ronte from London by rait, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to Uxii, vi& Dover, Ostend, Brussels, 
Cologne, Magdeburg, 

A town of Prussian Germany, prov. same name, situated on the river 
Havel (in part on an island formed by the stream), 35 m. W.S.W. of Berlin ; 
lat. Sa°24'N., Ion. 12° 33' E. Pop. 25,500. The locality is not attrac- 
tive, bat the town has some good buildings, amongst them a cathedral, with 
some manufacture of woollens, &c. , and considerable shipping trade by means 
ofthe river. 

Hotel— Brand en buiy. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BRECKNOCK. — Rail from London, No. i, viA Hereford 
(Paddington Station), 1 1,45 ; No. 2, vi& Shrewsbury (Euston Sta- 
tion). Fares : 33s. sd. ist cL, 24s. gd. 2nd cL, 155, ajd. 3rd ct. 

A town and pari. bor. of S. Wales CO. Brecknock, at the eonfluence of the 
Honddhu with the Usk, 34 m. N.W. Monmouth, and 171 W. London, I vGt. 
W. Ry. ; lai. 51" N., Ion. 3'' 30' W. Pop. 5,230. It is an ancient place, 
and was one of consideiable importance under the Romans — many of their coins 
are found here. St. David's and St. John's churches are fine structures. 

Members of Parliament— CiniB^', Major Hon. G. C. MoiOTi (C.) London 
t«sidence, 29, Porlman- square, W. Bi>rim!;k, James Price W. Gwynnc Hol- 
ford, Esq. (C), London residence, 31, Grosvenor-square, W. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England, Thomas Forstcr, £sq.,mang,; 
Lott. cor., the National Provincial Bank, III, Bishopsgate- street- within, E.C. 

Hotel— Castle of Brecon (Umited), 

BREDA. — Route from London by rail, fixed nuul services. 




72 Our Ocean Highways. 



see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Ostend, Brassels, Moerdyck, Til- 
burg, or by steamer direct to Antwerp or Rotterdam (which seel. 

An inland and strongly fortified town of kingdom of Netherlands, pror. N. 
Brabant, situated in a flat and wooded (though naturally marshy) comitriv on 
the stream of the Mark, 27 m. S.S.E. of Rotterdam, and 30 m. N.N.£. of 
Antwerp ; lat. 51* 35' N., Ion. 4"* 46' E. Pop. i^,200. Breda has considerw 
able trade, both by water and by land, with manufactures of carpets, hair-cloth, 
&c. Its historic fame is great, and it played a conspicuous part in the Dutch 
war of independence, in the i6th century. 

Hotel — Dc Flandre. 

T. M.— 3s. 9d. 

BREMEN . — For steamers, see Table. Route from London 
by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vicL Dover, Calai% 
Lille, Brussels, Aix-la-Chapelle, Cologne, Diisseldorf, and Minden; 
or via Dover and Ostend. 

A large and prosperous river-port of N. Germany, and one of the three 
Hanseatic cities, on Ixjth sides the Weser; lat. 53* 4' N., Ion. 8'48'E. ; 22 m. 
E. Oldenburg, 37 m. from Bremerhafen (its port) at the mouth of the river. Pop. 
75,cxx>. In sea-borne commerce it is second only to Hamburg in Gcnnany. 
The city is divided by tlie river into two parts, connected by a stone bridge. 
The ramparts by which the town was formerly protected have been converted 
into a fine promenade. Imports: tobacco, sugar, and other colonial prodnctk 
Exports : linen, cattle, snuffs, and cigars, of which an immense quantity 
manufactured here. The total of vessels arriving at Bremerhafen in 1861 
3,032, of 436,423 lasts (al)out 872,000 tons) burthen. 

Postal — Letters from England to Bremen, vid Belgium, not exceeding J . 
3d. ; I oz. 6d. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 2d. not exceeding 4 oz. Mooef 
orders arc issued, which are available. 

Money, &c. — The sovereign jiasses current at 6 thalers 10 grotcs ; the grote 
= |(1. ; I thaler = 72 grote = 3s. 4d. Silver coins : half thaler = is. Td. ; 
\ thaler and 6 grote pieces. £iOQ = 612 thalers. 

Weights same as Hamburg. 

Vice Consul (British) — Melchior Schwson, Esq. 

Consul (American) — Robert M. Hanson, Esq. 

liank — Mr. Henry Schroder Sohn ; London correspondent, the Natkmd 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. ( CircuIarnoUs. ) 

IJoyd's Agent — Herman Vietsch, Esq. 

Hotel — De I'Europe. 

T. M. — 6s. 

BRENNER PASS.— Route from London, see Innsbruck. 

One of the most frequented of the passes over the main chain of the Eastern 
Alps, which it traverses at an elevation of 4,660 ft. above the sea, on the line 
of road (and now also of railway) between the towns of Innsbruck and TreotL 
The summit uf the pass is in lat. 47" o' N., Ion. ii* 30' E. 

BRENTFORD.— Rail from London (Waterloo Station) 

every hour. 

A town of England, co. Middlesex, lo| m. from London by S.W. Ry. ; 



Our Ocean Highways. 



lat. 51' 19' N„ Ion. 0° wj' W. Pop. 9,500. The river Brent divides Brent- 
ford into the Old and New Town, which irc connected by 1 bridge. The 
Flection of the members of Parliament for the co. of Middlesex tMcs place 

Members of Purtiament— -Cfl«M(r MidilUsex, LonI C. F. Hamilton, (C), 
London residence, 31. Hertford-street, M>)f&ir, W. ; Viicoonl Enfield, <L|, 
London tesidenee, 17, Charles-street, Berkeley-square, W. 

Banl:— London and C»unly Bank, R, C. Tale, Ejq., mang. ; Lcndon cwt«s- 
pondeni, London and County Bank, Ji, l,onibard-*lrect. 

Hotel— White Hart. 

BRESCIA. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail service*, 
see pages !v to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Macoit, Cu- 
loz, Mont Cenis, Susa, Turin, Milan, Bergamo, and Coccagiio. 

A city ofN. Italy, 95 m. W. Venice, 37 m. N.W. Manlua, 51 m. E. Mi- 
lan, 30 m. N.N.E. Cremona, on the mlwaf from Milan to Venice; lat. 45' 31' 
N., Ion. 10° 13' E. Pop. 40,000. Brescia is a flourishing place, and plea- 
xautly aluated in a fertile valley on the bankc of the Gaiza. It is the see of a 
bUhop, and has a stroi^ citadel. Principal liuilding^. Iowa hall, old and new 
cathedral, episcopal pafice. Sic. 

Hotel— Del Cayselle. 

T. M.— 7s, 6d. 

BRESLAU. — Route from London by rail, fixed nmil ser- 
vices, see p^es Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix-la-Cha- 
pelle, Cologne, Hanover, Magdeburg, Leipzig, Dresden, and 

Kohlfurt. 

A beauliAil and large city of Prussian Gennany, prov. Silesia, lies at the 
oonftoencc of the Ohiau with the Oder, 1 12 m. N.E. Prague and 165 m. N. 
Vienna ; lat. 51° 5' N., Ion. 17° 4' E. Pop. 172,000. The old and new towns 
are separated by the river, but connected \><f numerous bridges. The public 
squares are spaciou5, the slrecls tolerably wide, and the houses lofty. The 
cathedral, arsenal, stadlhaus, the archiepiscopat palace, university, mint, ex- 
change, and theatre, are the most notewoith)' buildings. \\s commerce is 
extensive, timber, flai, hemp, com, cattle, wine, &c., forming the principal 

Bank — Mes'irs. Eichbom el Cie. Ixindon correspondent, the National 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-streel, E.C. {Circular fiela.) 
Hotel— Zcdlilz. 
T. M.— fc. 

BREST.— For steamers, see Table. Route from London by 
rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, 
Paris, Le Mans, Rennes, St. Brieux, and Morlaix. 

The principal naval sea-port of France, dep. Finisterre, 30 m. S. E. Mor- 
lux, 30 m. N. W. Quimper, and 325 m. from Paris by Chemin dc fer de I'Ouest, 
of which it is the terminal station ; lat. 48° 23' N., Ion. 4' 29' W. Pop. 79,So(X 
Brest is protected by fortifications and a citadel, and has large quays and baiiiks, 
and every appliance for ship building, arsenal, magaiines, &c. Brest has a new 
commercial harbour, with a dn^ar boulcvani, anenal, large di7 dock. 




74 Our Ocean Htghtvays. 



excavated entirely from the solid rock, hospital, and new theatre. Its chief in* 
dustrics consist in manufactures of sardines, preserves, glass works, flour and 
paper mills, chemical produce, breweries, tanneries, iron works, and earthen- 
ware. The fisheries are extensive, nearly 4,000 boats being employed in tlte 
trade in the deps. Finisterre and Morbihan.- These boats are mostly employed 
in taking pilchards, mackerel, lobsters, and common fish, of which large quan- 
tities arc forwarded to Paris by the Western and Orleans railways. Ships 
drawing 18 ft. water can moor alongside the quays. « 

Consul (British) — Richard Levinge Swift, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, E. A. L. Swift, Esq. 

Bankers — Mr. Edmond Bcsrau. London correspondent, the National 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. (CircularnoUs.) 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Kcrres and Sons. 

Hotel — Grande Monarque. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

BRIDGE OF ALLAN, see STIRLING- 
BRIDGNORTH.— Rail from London (Paddington Station) 

6.10 a.m. ; 2.20., and 6.20 p.m. Sundays, 2.30 p.m. Fares: 

20s. id., i8s. 7d., IIS. yd. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Salop ; 20 m. W. by N. Birming- 
ham, 20 m. S.E. Shrewsbury, and 149 J m. from London by Gt. Western Ry. ; 
lat. ^z^ 33' N., Ion. 2** 25' W. Pop. 6,240. Principal buildings : town hall, 
churches, theatre, gaol, workhouse, &c. It lies on the Severn, here cro tse d 
by a handsome bridge, has spacious quays, and offers every facility for tlie 
transit of goods. 

Member of Parliament — William Henry Forster, Esq. (L), London resi- 
dence, 63, St. James's-street, S. W. 

Bank — Worcester City and County Bank (Limited) George Weils, Esq., 
mang. ; London correspondent, London Joint Stock Bank, 5, Princes-strecty 
Mansion House, E.C. 

Hotel — The Crown and Royal. 

BRIDGWATER.— Rail from London (Paddington Stadon) 
6, 9.15, 10.15, ^^^ 1 1 -45 ^•"^* '> '> 4*5^ P*™* Sundays, 8.10 pan. 
Fares : 28s. id, 21s. 2d., 12s. yd. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Somerset, 8 m. S. Bristol Channd, 
18 m. S. W. Wales, 31 m. S.S.W. Bristol, and 151 J W. of London by GL 
W. Ry. ; lat. 51* 8' N., Ion. 3" o' W. Pop. 11,320. It is seated 7 m. 
from the mouth of the river Parret, which is crossed by a stone bridge; 
vessels of 200 tons burden can come up to the town. Imports : wines^ 
hemp, tallow, and timber. Exports : agricultural produce. The Taunton and 
Bridgwater canal conveys considerable quantities of Welsh coals inland. 5»522 
vessels of 294,232 tons burden, entered and cleared the port last year. 

Member of Parliament — Seat vacant. 

Bank— West of England and South Wales Dist Bank, William John Foidt 
Elsq., mang. ; Ix>ndon correspondent, Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Ca, 
67, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— Railway Hotel. 

B RID PORT.— Rail from London (Paddington Station) 



Our Ocean Highways. 



9.15, 10.15 ^"^ > 4-5° Pi"- Sundays, 2.30 p.m. Fares : 29s. 41!., 
313. 6d., I2S. ijd. 

A sea-port and pari. bor. of Englanri, co, Donel, on Ihe Bril, 13 m. W, 
DorchestcT und 154 m, from London by Gt. W. Kjr. ; InL 50° 44' N,, 
Ion. I* 45' W. Pap. 7,7iM. Bridport is noted for iis manufacture of sail- 
dotli, and has a considerable Itade in fi^hing-ncts. Principal buildings : town 
hall, matkel house, mechanics' institute, &c. Imports: beinp, flax, deaU, 
laJlov, skins, &c. loi Tessels, of 8,844 tons burden, entered and cleared the 
DoH in 1869. 

Member of Parliament — Thomi* Alesnnder Milcbell, Esq. (L), London 



residence, Jo, Charles- street, Berkelcyw 

Bank — Wilts and Dorset Banking Coioponyv Chailes Wilson, Etq., mang. ; 
London coTTespandent, the London ^d Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbaiy, E.G. 



Lloyd's Agetil— Daniel Good, Ef-q. 
Hotel— The Greyhound. 

BRIENZ. — Route from London, by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxit, vid Dover, Ostend, Brussels, Cologne, Dre&- 
den, Vienna. 

A town of Switzerland, eanl. Ben, beautifully siliialcd on Ihe N.E. shore 
of the lake called by its name, to m. N.E. of Interlakcn : lal. 46° 46' N.. 
Ion. 8° 2' E. Pop. 3.000. The Giesbaeh, a lorrenl which fonns a snccession 
of falls in Ihe course of its descent, enters the lake of Brienr, on its opposite 
shore, within a quarter of an hour's distance (bv ateamer) frotn the town, and 
the magnilicent scenery of the Bernese Alps is within easy access thence. 
The lake of Biieiu is nine miles in length, and between one and two miles 
broad ; it lies at an elevation of 1.946 ft. above the sea. 

Hole) — Kaiser Von CEsleneich. 

T. M.— 6s. 

BRIDLINGTON (Bridlington Quay). — Route from London 
by GL N. Ry. (King's Cross) 9 a.m. ; 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 9.15 
p.m. ; or viA Midland Ry. (St. Pancras) 6.15, 10 a.m. ; 8.35 p.m. 
Sundays, 8.35 p.m. Fares: 1st cl. 36s., and cl. 37s., 3td cL 
1 6s. 6id. 

A sea.port fo»-n of Engkuid, E. Riding, Yorkshire, lying near the shore of 
the German Ocean, wtlhin ihe extensive sweep of the coast formed to the S. of 
Flamboro' Head, 40 m. E.N.E. of York ; lat. S4° 6'N., ion. 0° 13' W. Pop. 
6,Soo. The older portion of [he town is a mile inland : Bridlincton Quay, which 
is of modem growth, immediately fronts the sea, and is a popular bathing place, 
of summer resort. There is a chalybeale spring near it. Bridlington forms 
a subordinate member of the port of Hull ; it has some coasting trade, chiefly 
in coal, com, &c. 

Bank— Yorkshire Union BankingCompany; London correspondent, Messrs. 
Glyn, Mills, Currie and Co., 67, Lombard -street, E.G. 

Lloyd's Agents — Messrs. Waters, Bramble and Son. 

Hotel— The Britannia. 

BRIGHTON.— Rail from London (Victoria SUtion), 7.45. 




76 Our Ocean Highways. 



9.50, 11.50 a.m.; 3.55, 4, 4.55, and 7.10 p.m. Sundays, 6.50, 
8.50 a.m. ; 5.50, 8.5 p.m. Fares: los., 7s. 9d., 4s. 2d. 

A sea-port and fashionable watering place of England, co. Sussex, built 
along the shore and on the slopes of a gentle valley, 9 m. W. by N. Newhaven, 
7 m. E. of New Shoreham, and 50 ni. S. London by L. B. and S. C. Ry. ; 
lat. 50** 50' N., Ion. o" 9' ^V. l*op. 90,000. The town faces the Channel, and 
extends for several miles along the shore. Situated directly on the line of the 
southern coast, and sheltered at its back by the rising ground of the South 
Downs, the climate of Ikighton renders it peculiarly eligible as a winter 
residence. As a watering place, its season l^egins when that of others is 
at an end. The town is handsomely built, has many el^ant streets and 
squares, a fine ciuay and promenade, a chain pier extending tar into the sea, 
with a new pier of later construction immediately fronting the Grand HoteL 
Amongst the ]>ruminent buildings are the Pavilion, built by George IV., when 
Prince of Wales, the piers, St. Peter's church, the town hall, theatre, assembly 
roi.)ms, ho<>i)ital, and the buildings connectetl with the various bathing estab- 
lishmcnts. 

Members of Parliament — ^James White, Esq., (L), I^ondon residence. Re- 
form Club, S.W. ; Henry Fawcett, Esq., (L), Ix>ndon residence, 42, Bess- 
borough-gardens, S.W^. 

liank— London and County Bank, J. G. Cockbum, Esq., maiig. ; Lon- 
don correspondent, the I^ndon .md County Bank, 21, Lombard -street, E.C. 

Hotels -Royal Albion Hotel, Old Steyne, David Lawrence, proprietor ; 
the Bedford ; the Grand ; the Norfolk. 

BRIGHTLINGSEA.— Route from London by Gt. E. Ry. 
(Shoreditch), 9.15, 11.45 a.m. ; 3*3S> 4-^5 P*™* Fares: ist d. 
I2S. 6d., 2nd cl. los., 3rd cl. 7s. 6d. 

An English port, co. Essex, 7 m. S.E. of Colchester, situated on E. side 
of estuary of river Colne, a short distance abt)ve its entrance into the sea, and 
opposite to Mersea Island. Pop. 3,800. Brightlingsca Creek offers advan- 
tages f»;r laying-up yachts during the winter, and has building yards, &c., for 
barges and other small craft. An Act has been obtained for the constniction 
of docks, a pier, with tramways and wharfs. The fishing and oyster trade is 
pursued to a considerable extent, tiriglitlingsea is a subordinate member of the 
cinque ])orts corporation, attached to Sandwich. 

ibnk -Me'isrs. Round, (jreen, and Co ; London correspondents, Messrs. 
Pamcit.s, Iloares, Han1)ury and l^loyds, 60, Ix>mbard-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Albert Aldous Jefferics, Esq. 

BRINDISI. — For steamers, .see Table. Route from I^ndon 
by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Ivto Ixxii, vi^ Dover, Ca- 
lais, Paris, Dijon, Macon, Turin, Parma, Modena, Bologna, Ri- 
mini, Ancona, Koggia, and Bari. 

A sea-pm on the S.E. or Adriatic coast of Italy, on the great line of rail- 
way which traverses tlie length of the peninsula upon that side, and which forms 
pnit of the <lirect passenger and postal route to the East, by way of Alexandria 
and Sue/ ; lat. 40" 38' N., Ion. 18" E. Pop. 12,000. The geographical posi- 
tion of the |H>rtof Brindisi makes it a convenient place of call for v&sselstrsiding 
in the Adriatic, and it is the only safe harbour of refuge on this coast. British 



Our Ocean Highw^s. 



vessels are carrying o _ 

ind returDuig with com from the &Lu:k Sm. There ia no dock a, 

.modndon. bul (he harbour Vi laree and Kcure, unci part of it has been latelf 
deepened to 16} fl. of waler. In 1S68, the total imports, conEutitig prtncipailjr 
<jf sngar, coflTee, wheat, coab, &c., amounted to /"laOiOOO; the exports, cun- 
!>isling of olive oil, oats, linseed, &c., to nearly ^100,000. 

Postal— Letters may be sent to Egypt viA the Brimlisi route, 8d. ; the East 
Iruliei and Ceylon, 1.1. id. ; China, is. 3d. ; and Australia, 9d. ; (not exceeding 
the Joi.), every Saturday moTruDg. Newspapen, 4d. not exceeding 4 oz. 
They must be prepaid, arid specially marked via Brindisi. Money orders are 
issued, which are available. 

Consul (Briiiah)— Henry Grant, Esq. 

„ (Ameiican) — Sarouel H. Kiugmac, Esq. 

Vice Conmi „ Theo. Titi, Esq. 

Bank — Banco del Popolo, I.ondon correspondent, none. 

Lltml's Agents^Nevregua Brothers. 

T. M.— 7s. 6d. 

BRISBANE.— For steamers, see Melbourne; thence by 
occasional steam and sail communication. 

A town and port of Australia, cap. of the British colony of QueenslaiKt 
(formerly the Moreton Bay district of N. K. Wales), about 15 m. from the 
embouchure of river of same name ; lat. 27° 30' S., Ion. 15a* 4c/ ^V. Pop. 
20,cno. Wheat, maize, potatoes, cotton, snrar-cane, tobacco, indigo, coffee, 
rice, and almost all the English and tropical miits are successjiilly cullLValed, 
Several millions of acres are well suited for the production of cotton. The 
local Eovtranicn! p.iys a tjonu-i of /; fur every bale uf foUon |JOoll),Jts()ortwi. 
To encourage immi^lion, land oidera are granted to the value of £30 to each 
adult immigrant direct from Europe who pays his passage, or that of any 



BRISTOL.— Route from London by rail {Paddiugton Sta- 
tion), 6, 9.15, 10.15, 11-45 a'>"' '' ^> '-4°< 4-5°> 3.10, and 1 p.m. ; 
Sundays, 2.30, 8.10, and 9 p.m. Fares : los. lod., 15s. 8d., 
9s. lod. 

A city and pott of England, co. Gloucester, situated on the river Avon, 
S m. above the sea, 34 m. K.W. Gloucester, ami I iSi m, by Gt. 
W. Ry. from London; lat. 51° 17' N., Ion. 1° 36' W. Pop. i$4.ooo. 
The city is well built. In the new parts there are many handsome 
squares and terraces, the streets are wide and well paved, and some of the 
public buildings worthy of note, especially the church of St. Mary Redcliffe, 
the cathe<tral, the exchange, custom house, bank, &c. It haii, b^des, biasa 
and iron founilties, refineries, and distilleries, aitd manufactures of tobacco, 
leather, soap. &c. The lower and old parts are composed chiefly of nirrow 
streets and high houses. Bristol ranks next to Liverpool as regards commerce. 




78 Our Ocean Highways. 



and enjoys a very considerable trade with the W. Indies; the imports are 
chiefly sugar, molasses, rum, lea, cocoa, tobacco, timber, wine, brandy, tallow, 
fruits, meal, hemp, dry-stuffs, oils, saltpetre, and hides. The exports arc salt, 
iron, coals and culm, cotton, linen, and woollen goods. The Bristol hot well, 
under the CMifton rocks, is much resorted to by invalids, its waters being con- 
sidered efficacious in consumptive cases. During the year 1869, 12,628 vessels, 
of 1,379,962 tons burden, entered and cleared the port. 

Members of Parliament — Samuel Morley, Esq. (L), London xesidence, 22, 
Carlton-house-terrace, S.W. Kirkman Daniel Hodgson, Esq. (L), Ixmdon 
residence, 67, Brook-street, W. 

Consul (American) — Edgar Stanton, P2sq. 

Vice Consul (American) — ^James Burrill, Esq. 

l^ank — West of England and South Wales District Bank, John Pomeroy 
Gilbert, Esq., mang. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Currie 
and Co., 67, Lombard -street, E.C. 

Hotels— The Royal, J. Swanson, mang. Clifton : St. Vincent \ ocks 
Hotel, on Clifton Downs, near Bristol, James Davies, mang. 

BRIXHAM. — Route from London by Gt Western Ry. 
(Paddington) 10.15, ii«4S ^•'^* y 4-5<^ P*"^* Sundays, 10 a.in. 
Fares : ist cl. 41s. 4d., 2nd cl. 29s. id., 3rd cl. i6s. lo^d. 

A sca-|X)rt and fishing town of England, co. Devon, lying on the S. shore of 
Torbay, 23 m. S. of Exeter, and, by railway, 199 m. S.W. of London ; lat. 50* 
23' N., Ion. 3** 31' W. Pop. 5,980. It lies within a picturesque valley open- 
ing to the sea, and with highly attractive scenery immediately adjacent. Beny 
Head, a bold promontory, is a short way E. of the town, and Torquay, on the 
opposite shore of the bay, is only 5 m. distant. The fisheries are on an exten- 
sive scale, large quantities of turbot, soles, mackerel, &c., being supplied to 
I/ondon and other markets ; about 1,600 seamen are engaged in this pursuit 
Kope making and ship building are carried on. Brixham Ls historically note- 
worthy as the landing place of William of Orange in 1 688. The port of Brix- 
ham is subordinate to Dartmouth. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England (Branch) ; London correspon- 
dent. National Provincial Bank of England, 1 1 2, Bishopsgate-street- within, 
E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Edward Viltcry, Esq. 

Hotel —Bolton. 

BRUCKENAU.— Route from London by rail, fixed maU 
services, see images Iv to Ixxii, vid Kissengen (which see) ; thence by 
diligence. 

A village and watering place of Germany, kingd. Bavaria, lying within the 
picturesque region of the Hohe Rhon, 37 m. N. by W. of Wiirzburg ; lat 50* 
19' N., Ion. 9" 45' £. It has saline, alkaline, and chalybeate springs. 

I*ension — Victoria, 

T. M.— 6s. 

BROOKLYN.— See NEW YORK. 

BRUGES. — Route firom London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Ivto Ixxii, vid Calais, Lille, and Mouscron ; or vid Dover 
and Ostend 




An andent cil; of Belgium, pror. W. Plunders, 54 m. N.W. Bnissels aad 
14 m. E, Osiend, on (he railway between ihttldtywidGhenl; lal. 51° 13' N., 
Ion. 3° 14' £. Fop. 47,000. Bmgcs has undergone the least change of all the 
old Flemish cities. Tbejjcincipal buildings arc the csthedral, Ihe church of 
Notre Uame, the uniTGrsity, museum, hotelde ville, bishop's pBlace. and courts 
of law. There are more than 50 bridges across the canafe. Its mjumfacturcs 
consist of lace, linen, woollen and cotton goods. Exports : torn, cattle, and 
agricultanil produce. Imports : wool, cotton, metal, dye wood, &c. 

Oeigynjan (Protestant)— Rev. A. C. H. Haltet. 

Bonk — Messrs. J. E. and E. du Jatdin, Rue Eckhout, No. 48 ; London 
ooiresptBidenls, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. ( CinuJar no/a. I 

Hotel— De Flandre. 

T. M.— 2s. 6d. 

BRUNN. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, z'td Calais, Brussels, Aix-1 a- Chapel !e, Cologne, 
Frankfort, Guntershausen, Eisenach, Gotha, Erfurt, Leipzig, Rcisa 
(June), Dresden, Lobau (June), Tieniau, Pardubitz, Bohm (June), 
and Zwittau. 

A dty of Auiitrian Empire, prov. Moiavia, on the riven Zwitta and the 
Schwaiza, 32 ID. S.W. Olmutz, and on the Vienna Ry. between Lunduiburg 
and Bohm ; lat. 49°ij'N., Ion, i6°4o'E. Pop. 73,000. The prinei pal build- 
ings arc the sladthaus, Jacob's kirche, public schools, theatre, the palace of 
Prince Uchtenstein, and the state prison of Spielburg, which stands on an 
eminence above the city. Uriinn has manulaclures of cloths, flannels silks, 
muslins, anil linens, and lakes slandinj; as one of the chiL'f commercial tilies of 

Bank — J. Herring, Esq. ; London correspondent, the National Bank, tt, 
Okl Broad-street, E.C. (Circular neUi.) 
Hotel — Drei Fiirsters. 
T.M.-6S. 

BRUNSWICK.— Rotite from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi^ Dover, Brussels, Aix-la-Chapelle, 
Cologne, Minden, and Hanover ; or vi& Dover and Ostcnd. 

A city of N. Germany, cap. duchy of Brunswick, lies 8 m. S.E. Hanover, 
on the railway from Hanovei lo Berlin ; lat. 51° 15' N., Ion. 10' 35' E. Fop. 
50,000. 

Bank — Messrs Lobbecke frires et Cie. ; London correspondents, the 
National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. ( Cirtularneta. ) 

Hotel — Blauet Engel. 

T. M.-fa. 

BRUNSWICK, U.S. (Georgia).~For steamers, see New 
Orleans ; thence by local line. 

A town and port of Geoigia, U.S., 80 m. S.S.W. of Savannah, 1«L 31*9^ 
N., Ion. Bl" 36' W. Il has a good and safe harbour, formed by the moinh of 
Toitle river, on which it stands, 1 8 m. above the sea. The Hacon and 
Brunswick mjlway, recently completed, connects it with the tnlaad towu of 
CnRgia and the neighboum^ Slates. 




8o Our Oceati Highways. 



Bank — Commercial I5ank of Australia (Branch), Tames Scott, £sq., mang. ; 
Lon. cor., Messrs. Robarts, Lubbock, and Co., 15, Lombard-street, £.C. 
Lloyd's Agent — Carl Epping, Esq. 

BRUSA. — Route from Tendon to Constantinople (which 
see) ; thence by local packet to Moiidaniah, the nearest port, on 
the Sea of Marmora, thence by horse (15 m.) 

A city of Asiatic Turkey, 62 m. S. by E. Constantinople ; lat 40* 1 1' N., 
lon. 29** o' E. Pop. 60,000. It is the see of Greek and Armenian archbishops^ 
and has nearly 300 mosques. It has some hot springs. Brasa cairies on an 
active trade with Aleppo and Smyrna, especially m linens, silks, and carpets. 

Vice Consul (British) — ^J. E. A. Maling, Esq. 

T. M.— 15s. 6d. 

BRUSSELS.— Route from London by raU, fixed ma3 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, and Lille. Or vii 
Dover and Ostend. 

Ca]>. of the kingdom of Belgium, prov. Brabant, on the Senne, about 22 m. S. 
Antwerp, and 148 m. N. by E. Paris ; lat. SO^Si'N., lon. 4*20' E. Pop. (with 
suburbs) 287,000. The city is built on the slope of a hill, and presents a pic- 
turesque appearance, being built in the form of an amphitheatre. There aie 
spacious boulevards, planted with rows of trees and nearly encircling the 
city. Principal edifices the palace du Congres royal palace, palace of the 
Prince d'Orange, palace of fine arts, public library and museum, hotel deTille^ 
cathedral churcli of St. Gudule, church of Notre Dame, and theatre. Then 
are numerous charitable institutions, hospitals, &c. The public library contaim 
150,000 vols., and 15,000 historical MSS. The manufactures consist of 
lace, carpets, linens, hosiery, printed cottons hats, paper, soap, candles, che- 
mical productions, articles of brass, gold, silver, bronze, and cut glass. Oar 
imports from Belgium amounted to ;£^8, 255,043 last year, our exports to 
;f 7, 381, 002 in the previous year. The village dT Waterloo lies 9 m. S.S.E. 
]$russels. (Hotel du Musce.) 

Postal — Letters from England to Belgium (direct mail), under \ oc vL, 
107.. 6d. ; newspapers, 40Z., id. ; viA France, under ^oz. 4d., I oc. w. ; 
new>papcrs, 40Z., 2d. ; rcgistr. fee 4d. Money orders are issued which are 
available. 

Money — ;^i sterling = 25 francs 20 centimes ; I franc = ICO centimes s 9|d. ; 
5-franc piece -- 4s. ; 2i-franc piece = 2.s. ; 2-franc piece = is. 7id. 

Weights and measures same as in France, substituting livre for kilognimnc^ 
litron for litre, and anne for metre. 

Vice-consul (British)— T.J. Maltbv, Esq. 

,, (American) — Aug. L. Chctham, Esq. 

Clergymen (Protestant) — Rev. C. E. Jenkins M.A., Rev. J. C. Jenkiiis 
M.A., Rev. W. Drury, Rev. C. W. Moffat, LL.D. 

Bank — M. lirugmann fds. ; I/ondon correspondent, Messrs. Hexrici^ Far* 
quhar, and Co., 16, St. James's-street, S.W. ( Circular noUs. ) 

Hotel— De Klandrc. 

T. M.— 2s. (kl. 



BUCHAREST.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
vices, sec pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Brussels, ColognCi 



Our Oeean Highaays. 



Frankfort, Wiirzbui^, Nuremberg, Ratisbon, Geiselhoring (June), 
Passau, Linz, Vienna, Pesth, and Arad ; thence by diligence. 

A dty of Turkey in Eurojie, cup. prjncip. Roumania, within ptov. of 
V/allachiit, DO tht: rivtr iJumboviliii, an affluent of the Danube ; laL 44' 3/ 
N.. IcBu 26° 8' E. Pop. l&j(.ooo. Il is H la^e, straegling, ill paved cilr. 
The only buildings vronhy of note are the pilacc oflhe arehbiihop, the 
dnirch of St. Geoij;:. the fort, uid the etivemgt'& midence. Budiarest is odc 
of liie great commercial tmporiums of Easleni Europe. The agricallut*! 
produce of the province consists ai whe!l^ barley, silk, tobacco, wool, cotton, 
mnd some fliuc. Exports : wool, butter, wheal, hides, and homed cattle. 

Postal — Letters from England to Buchareu I'id Belgium under \ 01. 5d., 
t 01. lod., registr. fee 41!. ; newspapers, 401.1 4d. To Ibrailja, by Frerub 
packet, not over \ 01. 6d., i to ) oi. Is., J oi. to i 07, 15. 5d. ; newspapers, 
401., 3d, ; r^islr. fee 6d. \ oz. Money orders are issued, which are avaU- 

Coniol (British)— John Green, Esq., C.B. 
,. (American)— B. F. I'eiiotlc, Esq. 
Bank — The Imperial Ottorrun Bank -, London correspondent. The Imperial 
Oltnotaa Bank, 4, Bank-buildings, Lothbury, E.C. 
Kotel-^CoDcordia, 
T, M.— 7s. 6d. 

BUCKINGHAM.— Rail from Loodon (Euston Square) 
6.35,9.5, 10.10, and II a.m. ; 3, 5, and 7 p.m. Stindays, 10 a.m. 
Fares: iis., 8s. id., 5s. ojd. 



of pari. bor. 7,600 ; of town, 3,Soo. The town is almost surrounded by thu 
rivet Ouse, which 'v. crossed here by three stone bridges. Principal buildings, 
town hall, county g^o!, and union. There is little trade ot maoufacture. 

For Members of Parliament for county, see Aylesbury. Ctty— Sir Henry 
Vcraey, Bart. (L), London residence, 31, South-street, Park-lane, W. 

Bank— London and County Bank (Branch), W. Slade, Eiq., mang, ; 
I.oiidon correspondent, Lot>don and County Bank, II, Lombard-street. 

Hotels— The Swan and Caallc. 

BUDE.— Route from London by Gt. W, Ry. (Paddington), 
viA Bidefotd (which see) ; thence by local conveyance. 

A maritime village and port of Cornwall, on a small inlet of the Atlantic, 
Ijm. N.N.W. of Launceston ; lat. so°49'N., Ion. 4' 31' W. Its harbour, 
which is subordinate to Padstow, only admits ves-sets of small size. The Budc 
Canal connects it with the navigation of the Tamar, at Launceston. It is of 
xome resort as a summer bathing- place. 

Lloyd's Agent— William Rowe, Esq. 

BUENAVENTURA.— For steamers, see Tables. 
A maritime city of New Granida, .S. America, on the Bay of Choco ; 
bl. 3° 41' N., Ion. 77° 35' W. Pop. 1,000. Eiports : rum, tugtiT. Ude*, and 

BUENOS AYRES,— For steamers, see Tables. 

/ 




82 Our Ocean Highways, 



Capital of the Ai^ntine Confederation, in S. America, on the banks of the 
I A Plata, 50 m. from the sea ; lat. 34° 36' S., Ion. 58' 22' W. Pop. loo^ooa 
Buenos Ayres was founded by Mendoza in 1535, retaken by the Indians and 
destroyed, and re-establLsbed in 1580 ; it is the most important sea-port on the 
£. coast of S. America. Buenos Ayres was formerly the chief emporium for 
merchandise and treasure from Peru to Chili, and the overland route througfa 
Rosario, San I.uis, across the Cordilleras, to Santiago de Chili, is one of 
the most interesting the traveller can traverse who has exhausted the beaten 
tracks of modem travel in Europe and the East. The city is fortified and well 
built ; the streets are spacious and well paved, llie principal buildines are 
the university, cathedral, observator>', church of San Francisco, and that of 
I^ Merced, government offices, senate house, academy, the mint, military 
college, foundling hospital, churches, &c. Large ships cannot come up to the 
town, on account of a bar, and have to discharge their cargoes into lighten. 
The exports consist of preserved beef, wool, hides, tallow, &c. Imports : 
cotton, linen, and silk manufactures, hardware, cutlery, &c. The exportation 
from Buenos Ayres of meats preser\'ed by different chemical processes at the 
various cstaiicias throughout the Argentine republic has, dunng the last two 
years, assumed important dimensions. By a carefully compiled return lying 
before us, it is proved that the number of animals at present reared by the 
united provinces of the Argentine Republic amounts to i7,ooo,OCX> head of cattle, 
and 72,000,000 of sheep. 

Postal — Letters from England to the Argentine Confederation, viA Sooth* 
ampton and 7.'id Liveqx>ol, not exceeding i oz. is., I oz. 2s.; re^^r. fee 4d.; 
newspapers, 4 oz. id. By French packet, not over ^ oz. is., I oz. 2s., rcgu<r. 
fee, fiouf ; newspapers, 4 oz. 2(1. ^l oney orders are issued, which are available. 

Money — Oold doubloon — £^ 3s. 6d., silver dollar = 4s. id. 

Weights and measures — English are used in some parts, but Spanish and 
Portuguese arc mostly employed. 

Consul (British) — Frank Parish, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, — ^Joseph A. Green, E^q. 

Clerg>'mcn (Protestant)- -Rev. T. P. Powell, B. A., Rev. Jas. W. L. Bnike. 

Banks — Messrs. Wanklyn and Co. ; the I^ndon and River Plate Bank 
(Branch) ; London corresjxjndent, the Ix)ndon and River Plate Bank, 40^ 
Moorgatc-street, E.C. 

IJoyd's Agent — Zimmerman Fair and Co. 

BUFFALO. — For steamers to New York, see Tables; 

hence by rail. 

A large city and inland port of the U. States, New York, on Ijdce Erie ; 
bt. 42** 53' N., Ion. 78*" 55' W. Pop. 118,000. Buffalo lies at the £. end of 
Lake Erie, where it forms the Niagara river. The citv extends for 5 m. akxig 
the shore, and is regularly built. The streets are both broad and straight, and 
mostly at right angles with each other. Theprincipal soaares are the Wash- 
ington, Franklin, Niagara, and Delaware. The principal buildings : the dty 
hall, university, custom house, post office, court house, arsenal, penitentiair, 
gaol, city hospital, &c. The cit^ has extensive manufactures of iron, and its 
trade in grain is immense, llie imports of grain by lake in 1868 amounted to 
50,000,000 bushels, and the exports of grain bycaxud to more than 36^000^000 
bushels ; the imports of pork, beef, bacon, and lard amounted to more Chan 
12,000,000 lbs., and the exports of pork and beef to 300^000 barrels, and of 
bacon and lard to 22,000,000 lbs. Of butter there were imported bylakcnMie 
than 1,000,000 lbs., and of iron, copper^ and lead about lo^ooo^ooo lbt.» whik 



Our Ocean Highways. 



about the lame quantUy was i;xporled by canal. Of staves. 35,000,000 
impoited by lake, and 125,000 tons exported. Ttic total value of the iuii 
■iDOUineii to 30.000,000 JoUars, aud the value of Ihe ciports amounted U 
enonnoufi sum of 64,000,000 dollars. 

ConsuHBritish)-- H. W. Henians, Esq. 

Hotel— The Mansion. 

T. M.— 32s. 



BURGAS.— For steamers, see Tables. 



A sea-port of Turkey, on Ihe Black Sea, at boltom of gulf of same name, 
70 m. N.E. Adiianople; lat 42' ll' N., Ion. 27^ 31' E, Pop. 6,000. 
T. M.— gs. 

BURNLEY.— Rail from London (St. Pancras), 6,15, 8, 10, 
and 1 1.45 a.m. ; S.35 p.m. Sundays, no trains. Fares : 35s. 6d., 
!t6s. 6d., 17s. 



LondoD by the Midland Ry ; lal. 53'48'N.. Ion. 2° 14' W. Pop. 18,700. Its 
prospeiily is owing to cool lidds in the neich!>ourho(Kl, and to ample rail and 
canaJ communication with 1)te surrounding district. 

Member of Parliament — ^Richard .ShaH', Maq. (L), Ijindon residence, 
Brunswick Hotel, Hanover- square. 

Bank^ Manchester and County Bank, VVm. Bentham, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent. The Union Bank of London, 2, Princes -street, E.C. 

Hole]— Queen's. 

BURTON-UPON-TRENT. — Rail from London (St. 
Pancras), 6. 15, 8, 10, and 11.45 a.m.; 5 and 8.35 p.m. Sundays, 
2.50 and 8.35 p.m. Fares: 22s. 4d., i6s. gd., los. 2d. 

A maikeC town of Staffordshire, N.E. Lichfield, is 128 m. N.N.W. I,on- 



crossed by a fine bridge of 3 
eiporteil all over the globe, 
irton, UltoKctcr, and Ashl 



;e of 37 ai 
..... lobe. 

..—Burton, Ultoxctcr, and Ashbourne Banking Company, Edwin 
Browne, Esq., mang, ; London correspondent, Robarts, Lubbock and Co., 15, 
I^mhanl-slreel, E.C. 
Hotel— The (Queen's. 

BURY. — Rail from London (Euston Square), via Manches- 
ter (which see) ; ihence by local line. Fares : 34s., 15s., 16s. 3d. 

A town and pari. Imr. of England, eo. Lancaster, 9 m. N.N.W. Man- 
chester, 36 m. .S.E. l.anca.sler, and 196 m. N.N.W. London by 1.. and 
N. W. Ry. ; lat. 53° 35' N., ion. 2° 16' W. Pop. 37,500. U is situaleil 
on the 1. bank of tlie Irwell. Tlie town has a mechanics' institute, seveial 
libraries and news rooms, and some good churches. Manufactures : collon 
and woollen spinning and weaving, calico printing, bleaching, and machine 
makii^. Extensive coal mines in the neighlioui^ood. 

Member oi^ I'arl lament— Robert V. Philips, Esq. (L), London residence, 
47, Berkclej'Square, W. 




84 Otir Ocean Highways, 



Bank — Manchester and Liverjjool District Bank, John C. Shaipc, Evj., 
mang. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Smith, PajTie, and Co., I, Lombanl- 
strcct, E.C. 

BURY ST. EDMUNDS.— Rail from Tendon (Bishops- 
gate-street), 8 and 11.20 a.m. ; 4.5 and 5 p.m. Sundays, 2.15 p.m. 
Fares : i6s., 12s. 9d., 7s. 3d. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Suffolk, 14 m. E. Newmarket* 25 m, 
N.VV. Ipswich, and 86J m. from London by Gt. E. Ry. ; lat. 52* 16' N., 
Ion. o* 42' E. Pop. 13,300. The town is pleasantly situated within the valley 
of the Lark (an affluent of the Ouse), and is considered one of the healthiest 
spots in England. Principal buildings : town hall, assembly rooms, county 
court, museum, churches, &c. The churches of St. Mary and St. Tames, be- 
tween which formerly stood the Abbey, were at one time considered the finest 
in England. In the first-named church lies buried, Mary, wife of Louis XII. 
of France, and afterwards of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. 

Members of Parliament — Edward Green, Esq. (C), London residence, 
Buckingham Palace Hotel, S.W. ; Joseph A. Hardcastle, Esq. (L), London 
residence, 54, Queen*s-gate-terrace, \V. 

Banks — Messrs. Huddlest<m, Cooper, Greene and Co. ; London correspon- 
<lent, Messrs. Barclay, Bevan and Co., 54, Lombard-street, E.C. National 
Provincial Bank of England, John W. Whelan, Esq., mang. ; London cor- 
respondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 112, Bishopsgate-street- 
within, E.C. 

Hotel — The Angel. 

BUSH I RE. — Route from London, sec Bombay; thence by 
British India Steam Navigation Co/s steamers to Bushire (port 
for Shiraz, Ispahan, Teheran, and Caspian Sea route to Russia). 
Or via St. Petersburg to Ispahan (which see) ; thence by horse or 
camel to Shiraz (15 days) ; thence to Bushire (13 days.) 

A sea- port of Persia and one of the principal ports of the Persian Gulf, lies 
120 m. W.S.W. Shiraz and 255 m. S.W. Ispahan ; lat. 29° \' N., Ion. Sl'*5'E. 
Pop. 15,000. On the land side Bushire is surrounded by a wall, with towers. 
There are numerous masques and a good bazaar. Imports : rice, sugar, indigo, 
pepper, and spices, iron, steel, tin, lead, woollen cloths, cutlery, &c. Expects : 
horses, carpets, shawls, tobacco, attar, and s})ecie. I.Arge vessels cannot come 
up close to the town, but must anchor in the roadstead. 

Bank — I^mdon and Bagdad Banking Association ; London correspondent, 
London and Bagdad Banking Association, 79, Great Tower-street, £1.C. 

Llovd's Agents — Messrs. Gray, Paul, and Co. 

T. M.— 29s. 6d. 

BUSSORAH. — For steamers, see Tables. Route from 
Ix»ndon : To Bey rout (which see) ; thence by horse to Damascus 
(3 days) ; thence to Bagdad (15 days); thence by steamer on the 
Euphrates to Bussorah. Or via Alexandretta (which see) ; thence by 
horse, via Antioch, Aleppo, Arfa, Diarbekir, Maidin, Mosul 
(Nineveh), and Kerkook. Orvid Samsoon (which see) ; thence by 
horse via lokat, Sivas, Karput, Diarbekir, Mardin, Mosul, 



Our Ocean ffighjavj/s. 



and Kerkook to Bagdad ; thence by steamer (Euphrates and Tigris 
Steam Navigation Co.) rui Kut, Dufas, and Ezra's Torab to Bus- 
sorah. 

A tAtj and port of Turkejrin Asia, situatnlncir the r. bank of Ihe Shai-el- 
Arab, 75 ro. alwvc iti entrance into the Persian Gulf, and 45 m. helov the con- 
flncncc of the Euphrates and Tigris, in a low marshy riisirict ; lal. 30° 19' N., 
Ion. 47° 34' E. Thesileisunhenllhy, and feveria ]irevilen[ ; the soil nch but un- 
cultival^. owing 10 indolence oflhcinhabitants>iind a vicioas system of taxation- 
Pop, (which exhibits a vastdcclme from ifs former numbers) 4,000 Mabomedans, 
4D0 Jews, and 200 Christians. The commerce, nowgreatly decayed, employs 
chiefly native shipping trading with the Persian Gulf, the W. coast of India, and 
the Red Sea. The total number of ve«>cls visiting the pari during the year ending 
March, 1S69, was, steamers 37, with a Ionna£caf 16.28S ; sailii^ vefAcls 832. 
with alontiage of 75,241. The lotal value olf imparts on which duty iraspaid 
■I the £us.<^orah custom hoUK was j£l40,ci44. 

Money — Though the Persian keran is almost the oaly coin in drculalion 
(— iid.) purchases and sales are node in shamis (zjs.), the keran and other 
coins being accepted at the rate of the day when payments Bill due j jf I = to 

Weights — Dates are sold by the large eara (5>6ao lbs.) ; but reported as 
prodnmi and exported in small caras {i,Sxi lbs.) 

Vice Consul (British)— Patrick Koberlson, Esq. 

ilank^Ijindon and Bagdad Hanking .^ssociation ; l.ondon correspond enl, 
London and Bagdad Bonking Association, 79, Great Tower-street, E.C. 

T. M.— iss. 6d. 

BUTE.— For co. member, see ROTHESAY. 

BUXTON — Rail from Ixindon (St. Pancras), 6,15, 8, 8.45, 
and 1 1.45 a.m. ; 3 p.m. Sundays, no trains. Fares : 30s., 22s. 3d., 
13s. 7d. L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), 6.15, 6.25, 9, 10, 
1! a.m. ; 12 noon; 2.45, 3, and 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 8.30 and 
10 a-m. ; 9.15 p.m. Fares: 31s. 6d., 235. gd., 155. lid. 

A watering jjlace of England, co. Derby. 31 m, from Derby and igji m. 
from London by Midland Ry. Pop. 1,870. It is situated in a valley 900(1, 
almve Ihe sea, and ia noted for its saline hot and cold springs, visited by nume- 
rous invalids in the summer months. 

Bank — SheftieM Banking Company, Isaac Walton, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, London and Weslminslcr Bank, 41, Lothbury, E.C. 

Hotel—The Palace. 

CABELLO (Puerto).— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Venezuela, S. -America, on the Caribbean Sea ; lal. 10° 30' 
^■,, Ion. 68° 8' W. It has a good harbour, and some trade, but the site is un- 
hcnllhy. Pop. almiil 3,000, 

Lloyd's Agent— Messrs, Mestem and Knock. 

CADIZ.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of .Spain, in Andalusia, on the Atlantic, 94 m- S. Seville, being 
the terminus of the railway from Madrid ; lat. 36° 3' N., Ion. 6° 10' W, Pop. 
72,000. It occupies the cxtremiiy of a tongue uf land, which forms part of the 




86 Our Ocean Highways, 



Isle of Leon (Cadiz), is strongly fortified, and its appearance fix)m the sea very 
))eautiful. The most conspicuous edifice is the lighthouse of San Sebastian. 
There are two catliedrals, a custom house, several hospitals, churches, oast- 
vents and an opera. Cadiz has commercial relations with nearly all ports of 
the world, and tlie port is continually receiving \'isits from ships of all natioiis, 
but principally British, American, and Italian. It is the centre of the sherry 
trade. Imports : linen, wool, silk, and cotton fabrics, &c. Exports : wine, 
to the amount of a million and a half sterling annually. 

Consul (British) — ^Thomas P'ellowes Rcade, Es<i. 

Vice Consul ,, William McPherson, Esq. 

Consul (American) — A. N. Duffie, Esa. 

Vice Consul ,, C. H. Younger, P^. 

Clergj-man ( Protestant) — \'acant. 

Bank — ^John Duncan Shaw, Esc^ ; London correspondent, the Unioa 
Bank of London, 2, Princes-street, E.C. (Circular notes. ) 

IJoyd's Agent — Daniel McPherson, Esq. 

I lolcl — Alameda. 

T. M. -7>. 

CAEN.- -Shortest route from Ix)ndon, by rail, fixed mail 
scr\ices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, I'ia Dover, Calais, Amiens, and 
Rouen. 

A town in France, de]\ Calvados, lies 8 m. from the mouth of the Orne, 
I47i 111. W. Paris, on the railway from Paris to Cherbourg ; lat. 49' l' N.» 
Ion. o' 21' W. Pop. 41,500. There are some fine old churches. TTic manu- 
factures of Caen are considerable, especially of Angora and woollen glo\'es. It 
has consideraI)le trade by means of the river, 1,107 vessels, with a tonnage of 
129,732 tons havinjj entered and cleared at its port in 1869. 

Vice Consul (British) — Charles C (>. Percival, Escj. 

ClergjTnan (Protestant) — Rev. Peter Ilannel, M.A. 

lUnk — Messrs. F. CJilberi et Cie., 12, Rue de Bemieres ; Lon- cor., Messn. 
ilerrics Farquhar, and Co., 16, St. James's-strcet, S.W. (Circular notes.) 

Lloyd's Ajjent — Augustus Cmbtree, Es(|. 

Hotel— De I'Anglcterre. 

T. M.— js. 4d. 

CAGLIARI. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A fortifie<l sea-|>ort of Italy, island of Sanlinia, on the S. coast and bajof 
same name; lat. 39^ 13' 14" N., lon. 9' 7' 48" E. Pop. 28,00a The dly, 
situated on the summit of a low hill, comprises the citadel, vice-regal f^j**^, 
and cathedral. The *^Llrina,* extending thence down to the shore, con- 
tains the dwellings of foreign consuls, with the bonding warehousie, anenal, 
lazaretto, and mole. Exports, com, pulse, oil, wine, and salt. 

Consul (British)-— Edward Henry Walker, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, J. Pemis, Esq. 

Bank- Societa di Credita. 

Lloyd's Agent — William J. E. Craig, Esq. 

T. M.— 7s. 6d. 

CAIPHA. — For .steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-i)ort town of Svria, at tlie foot of Mount Carmel. on the W. side of 
the Bay ot Acre ; lat. 32 48' N., lon. 34** 53' £. The harbour is very good. 
It has a fortress with a garrison, and is interesting from a hospice, ~ ' ' " 



Our Ocean Higksiays. 



by the monks of Mount Camid, where stranEers of nil nations and icligioni 
are lodged :md cnlertaineii. 
T. M.— Ss. 

CAIRO.— Route from London, see Alexandria; thence by 
rail viA Kafr-Zayal. Fares between Alexandria and Cairo, lao 
piastres ist cl., 77 piastres and cl. 

The cap. of Egypt, and chief residence of the viceroy, lies on the r. bank of 
IhcNilc, 9E m. S.S.W. Damietta, and 90 tn. W. Suu, on the railway from 
AlexBodria to Suei ; kt. 30" a' N., Ion. ji" 15' E. Pop, 300,«X). The 
irtiole city is enclosed by a slone wall, tctminnling on the S.E. ^ a high rock, 
on which stands (he citadel. The metropolitan moiique of Ll-Aihor, with 
those of i^ullan Hassan, the Murislan, Hassan Ain, El Gfaoree, the gfAe called 
Bab-cl-Na^T, the aqueduct on the road to Old Cairo, and the lombs of the 
Mamelukes, are most magnificent structures. Along the banks of the Nile, be- 
tween Boulac and Old Cairo, are a number of handsome palaces, the luost con- 
Sicaous bein^ that of Ibrahim Pacha. There are about io stone bridges over 
E canals of the city. Amongst Ihe moit remarkable objects in aiid iiesr 
Cairo are ; Ihe Nitometer, erected u far back as 864 a.d., on the island neii 
Curo ; Joseph's well, :6o ft. deep, and having a spiral stone staircase ; and ihe 
petrified forest, lo m. from Cairo, prescnlini; iho (■Mr.iiinlinnr)- -.ight of vast 

nunibois of Irres slreivn nbunt in a silicified sI.iIl, . ■ 'li- , i '!i[i liown .ind 

turned into slone. Malarieh, the site of the :ii'. .: h.iurs' ride 

from Cairo ; an old hollow sycamore is pointed out as the spot where the HcJy 
Family reposed on their flight into Egypt. The PyitiiiiiiU arc within lo m. of 
Cairo, and are reached by an ea.sy carriage drive. In the Protestant church at 
~ ' which has been established for more than a quarter of a century, divine 



service is performed twice on Sundays. The climate is most grateful l< 
invalid, especially for those suffering h'om pulmonary complaints, (o whom the 
highlyoxygeniiedalmosphereofCairoandUppcrE^ptislhe 'elixir of life.' A 
great boon lo Iravelleri in the East is the recently-established agency in London 
(34. Nicholas-lane, E.C.), which enables them to engage Nile boats, dragomans, 
and all the necessary requisites, before slatting Irom London. (West End 
agency, Buckingham Palace Hotel, Buckingham Gate, .S.W.) 

Postal— Letters lo Cairofi^t Briiidisi (by British packet) not exceeding i oz. 
SiL, I oz. IS. 4d. ; registr. fce4c]. 1 newspapers, 401, 3d, f^iil Southampton 
not exceeding \ oz. 6a., t oz, is, ; rcgistr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 4 oz. id. 
Vui Belgium, not exceeding \ oz. 9d., i oz. is. 6d., i} oz. 2s, 3d. 1 registt. fee 
4d. ; newspapers, 4 oz, 5d. Money orders are issued, which are available. 

Money — The coins of Europe as well as Ihe Turkish coins, pass current here. 
The Egyptian sovereign = 21s., the sovereign = 97 piastres 20 paras, the 
shilling = 4 piastres 35 paras, the piastre = ijd. 

Weights — The rottolo, -^ of the oka and - 9.5323 01. aToirdu[)ois 
English. 

Consul (British)— Ed wanl T. R<^ei>, E)«|. 

Vice Consul (American)—?. Walmers. Esq. 

Bank— Bank of Egypt ; London correspondent, Ihe Bank of ^ypl. 26. Old 
Kroad -street, E.G. 

Hotel— Shepherd s. 

Lloyd's Agents— Messrs. Tod, Rathbone, and Co. 

T. M.— sjs. rod. 

CAITHNESS.— For co. members, see WICK. 




88 Our Oceaji Highways, 



CALAIS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 

see pages Iviii to Ixiv. For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of F'rancc, dep. Pas dc Calais, on the strait which here divides 
the French and Knglish shores, 27 m. N.N.E. Boulogne ; lat. 50** 5/ 36" N., 
Ion. i" 51' 15 'E. Pop. 12,700. The town is well fortified, and derives iu 
importance from being the nearest French port to England ; it is only 20| m. 
from the S. Foreland, and 22 J ni. from Dover. The mail steamers from 
Dover, wliich arrive twice a day, make the passage in about an hour and a 
half. About 200,000 passcngei's pass tlirough Calais annually. A considerable 
trade is carried on in spirits, sah, oil, grain, wine, hemp, wood, coal, &c, and 
more than 50,000,000 of eggs are annually exported to England. 

Consul (Hritish)- -Captain H. W. Hotham. 

Vice Consul ,, William Thomsett, Esq. 

Consular Agent (American) —J. P. Vendroux, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. Thomas St. Hill. 

Hank— McNsrs. Bellart et fils, Rue Ro)rale ; London correspondeiit, 
London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbury, E.C. ( Circular notes. ) 

Lloyd's Agent- \V. Thomsett, Escj. 

Hotel- Dessin. 

T. M. — 3s. 4d. 

CALBUCO.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of S. America, Chili, on the N.W. shore of the Gulf of Ancnd, 
and at the foot of the volcano Puarraguc, 140 m. S.S.E. of Valdivia ; lat 
41" 50' S., Ion. 73' iS' W. Pop. 5,000. 

CALCUTTA. — For steamers, see Tables. For overland 

route from Southampton and Ikindisi (which see) to India and 
China, see Tables. 

The chief port and cap. of British India, lies on the 1. bank of the river 
Hooghly, an arm of the Cianj^es, about 100 m. alK)vc its entrance into the Bay 
of Bengal ; lat. 22" 34' N., Ion. SS'' 29' E. Pop. 500,000. Calcutta has been 
styletl the ** city of palaces ;" and no one who sees it for the first time can fail 
being impressed with the magnificence of its approaches and the elegance of 
its buildings. It contaiuN every element of European as well as Asiatic 
luxur)' ; noble >tieeis, bonlcred by palatial mansions, interspersed with caidens 
blooming with every variety of tropical plants. Its splendid quay, (tanking 
the river, and coimecteil with it by ghauts, forms a fitting approach to the 
queen city of our tlastem hemisphere. The northern part of the city (lUack 
Town) is inhabited by the native population ; the southern uart (Chowringhee) 
by the Kngli^h and foreign residents and merchants. Fort William is a strong 
and extensive citadel, and the headquarters of the military authorities for 
Ik-ngal. It is built in the form of an octagon, and has an excellent arsenaL 
The interior of the fort i^ laid out in fine walks and grass plots. Between the 
fort and the city is the esplanade, the fashionable resort for driving and ridingp 
morning and night. The principal public buildings are government house» the 
residence of the viceroy and governor-general, town liall, courts td justice^ 
mint, bank, of Bengal, theatre, hospital, cathedral, &c. TYke educational 
institutions are numerous, comprising Hindoo and Mahomedan as well as 
English colleges. Amongst the scientific and literary establishments, tlie Dal- 



Our Ocean Higkme^. 



koiuie institnte and the Asislic and BMhune tiocietiei are promuienL The 
exports of C&lculta coiubt of opium, Einlt, lUgar. sallpclre, indigOi musliD^ 
liee, cotton, tea, silks, iic. ImportEi, piece goods, twisl and yam, metals, 
book!^ wine and spirits, voollcn, cotton, uid silk manufacturo, &c. Calcutia 
is the chief en(rcp6l for the steamers of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam 
Mirigation Co., London iifiicei, llz, Leadenhall-slreet, £.C. 

Postit — Letters lo India, viS Brindbu, by British packet, not exceedinc 
■Jo*. Is., 1 01. IS., l|oi, 3S. ; regislr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 401., 4d. ; 1^ 
SoathamplaD, not exceeding \ oz. gd., I oi. is. 6d., Ifoz. zs. 3d. ; registr. 
fee 4d. ; newspapers, 401., ad. Money ordera ore issued, whidi are avail- 
able. 

Money— 1 rnpee = 2.1. ; 16 annas = i nipee ; 1 anna. ( = lid.) hw 4 pice. 
For accounts the anna is divided into 16 pie ; the latter are nol current ; iHe 
coppers are \ anna and 1 anna. Bc<^ides the rupee, there are silver l-rapee 
pieces (8 anna.4), i rupees, and 2-anna pieces, of similai size and appearance 
as our shillings, sixpences, and threepenny-bits, with which Ihey have equal 
nJne. The gold mohiir is worlh about tj rupees. Nadve money orders 
(hoondees) arc perfectly safe to and from all parts of India at a very trifling 

Weights — -Tlie maund = 81 \\n. avoirdupois ; 40 secis = I maunJ ; the 
seer = 2 lbs. 

Banks — The Agra Bank ; London correspondent. The Agia Bank, 35, 
Nicholas- lane, E.C. ; the Land Mortgage Bank of India ; Lon. cor., Land 
Moi^tge Bank of India, 17, Change-aUey, EX. ; the Bank of Bengal ; Lon. 
cor., Messrs. CouHs and Co., Strand, W.C. ; the Chartered Mercantile Bank 
of India, London, and China ; Lon. cor.. Chartered Mercantile Bank of Indiaa 
London, and trhina, 65, Old Broad -si reel, E.C. ; the National Bank oflndia ; 
Lon. cor.. National Bank of India. 80, King William -slrccl, E.C. ; the Delhi 
and London Bank ; Lon. cor., Delhi and London Bank, 76, King William- 
street, E.C. ; the Oriental Bank Corporation 1 Lon. cor., Oriental Bank Cor- 
poration, the Bailie, Thread needle-stteet, E.C. ; the Chartered Bank of India, 
Australia, and China; Lon. cor., Chartered Bank of India, Australia, and 
China, Hatlon-court, Threadnecdle-street, E.C. ; the Hong-kong and Shan- 
^lai Banking Coiporation ; Lon. cor., llong-kong and .Shanghai Banking 
Coiporalion, 32, Nicholas-lane, E.C. ; Messrs. Crindlay and Co. ; Lon. cor., 
Messrs. Grindlayand Co., 55, Parliament. street, S.W. 

Consul Genera! (American) — Marsh Giddings, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ Charles H. Bailey, L.tq. 

Lloyd's Agent— Messrs. Gladstone, Wyllie, and Co. 

Hotel — S pence's. 

T. M. — S7S. for 20 worcN, half charge added for every subsequent lO words 
or fraction of 10 words ; stations east of Chittagong 4s. extra. 

CALDERA.— For steamers, see Tables. 

u the Pacific, 30 m. N.W. Copiapo ; lat. 23° s' S., 
[,000, The exports of silver, copper, and regulus 
amonni lo neany seven million dollars annually ; noagricultuial produce is Ci- 
poned from here. With (he exception of coals, iron, bricks, and machinery, 
all manufactured goods are imported wif Valparaiso, in the Pacific Sleam Navi- 
gation Company's steamers, or in other coasting vessels. A lighthouse has been 
erected in Ihe S.W. entrance of the port. There is telegraphic communication 
from the capital (Suitlago) north as far as Copiapo, from which city a railway 
extends to this port. Immediately after the arrival of the mail from Panama, 




90 Our Ocean Highways. 



important news is telegraphed to Santiago. About 350 vessels annually anire 
at and clear this port ; tonnage, about 3CX),ooo tons. 

Vice Consul (Hritish) — ^John Joseph Murray, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Siewerts and Co. 

CALICUT. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port town of Brit. India (Madras ores.), Malabar coast, 130m. S.E. 
Mangalore, 50 m. S.E. Cannanore, 96m. I\.W. Cochin, 170m. S.W. Banga* 
lore, 335 m. S.W. Madras, and 566 m. S.E. Bombay; lat. II* 15' N., Ion. 
75" 50' E. Pop. 25,cxxj. Exports : teak, pepper, cardamoms, wax, coir, 
cordage, sandal wood, and cocoa nuts. 

Lloyd's Agents (and at Beypore) — Messrs. Andrew Irvine and Co. 

T. M.— 57s. 

CALLAO. — P'or steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Peru, about 7 m. W. from Lima, of which it is the port ; lat. 
12° 3' 45'^ S., Ion. 77^4' I " W. Pop. 8,000. It is well fortified. The road- 
stead is by far the best on the Peruvian coast, with good anchorage in from 
7 to 10 fathoms. Vessels load and unload at at the pier. A railway connects 
this port with Lima ; trains run frequently. 

Consul (British) — C. A. Henderson, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, Bracey R. Wilson, Esq. 

Consul (American) — D. J. Williamson, Escj. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. T. W. Wilkinson, M.A. 

Bank — Ix)ndon Bank of Mexico and S. America, F. Ford, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent, London Bank of Mexico and S. America, 144, Leadcn- 
hall-btrect, E.C. 

CALMAR. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, Hanover, 
and I^uenburg. Or by steamer to Hamburg, and by rail to Lubeck; 
thence by steamer. 

A sea- port of Sweden, on the Baltic, upon the W. side of the nairow strait 
which separates the island of Oeland from the mainland, 85 m. N.E. by £. of 
Carlscrona ; lat. 56** 40' 30" N., Ion. 16° 26' 1 5" E. Pop. 9,400. The toMm stands 
on a small island, called Quamholm, and communicates with the main land, 
where there is a suburb, by a bridge of Ixxits. The cathedral is a fine stone 
building. The port is small, but safe and commodious. 

Vice Consul (British) — Captain Soderbergh. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs P. E. Kreuger and Jennings. 

T. M.— 7s. 

CALNE. — Rail fi-om London (Paddington), 6, 6.50, 9.15, 

10.15, and 11.45 a.m.; 2, 2.4o,and4.5o p.m. Sundays, no trains. 

Fares : 17s. 9d., 13s. 3d., 8s. 2id. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Wilts 6^ m. N.W. Devizes, 30N.W. 
Salisbury, and 100 m. W. of London by Gt. Western Ry., which has a station 
at Chip)x:nham, 6 m. from Calne. Pop. 2,500. The town has water co ma i u - 
nication with l^ndon and Bristol by the Wiltshire and Berkshire canaL St 
Mary's church is a fine structure. Many fossils are found in the n( 
hood. 



% 



Our Ocean Ifighways. 



Membcrof rxrliimcnt — LonI Etiiviitl i\. FiUinHuHce (L), London resklmce, 
(, Arliiigton-streei, ,S.W. 
Hotel — Lansdowiiv Amu. 
CALVI.— For steamers, see Tables. 

Asca-port of Corsica, N.W. coast of the i aland ; lit. 42° 34' N., loo. S° 4J' 

Po|>. 3,cxxx The town has a good harbour and roai), 
Vict Consul (iirUish)— Viicant. 
T. M,— 4s. 2d. 

CAMAROONS.— For steamere, see Tables. 
A port of Western Africa, at tlic entrance of the Camaroons ti 
■ o.... . "ig'E. The Pcakof Cama 

3 fl. high— overlooks Uie MtUemenl of 

CAMBRIDGE.— Rail from London (Bishopsgate Strtet), 
6.45, 8, and 1 1.20 a.m. ; 2.45, 4.5, 5, 6, and 8.40 p.m. Sundays, 
6.30 a.m.; 1.15, and 8.40 p.m. Fares: iis., 8s. gd., 4s, 9^d. 

f/4 Gt N. Ry. (King's CrossJ, 7.40, 9, 10.37, a.m.; isnoon; 3.50 
4.25, s, and 8. 18 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a.m.; 6 p.n; Vv^' . -■■ '1 ■■s..'. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, cu. CambriJgi-. !i 

universities, on the Cam, 57I m. by Gt. E. Rj. fmni I ■ 
He town lies in a level tract, and many of its public stii:ctuitfs, with thtJr ujlts 
and gardens, are surrounded by groves. S(. Mary's, St. Sepulchre's, and 
Trinity churches are ancient and noleworth/. Principal edifices ; the senate 
^house. the public schools, library, observatory, printing office, Fitiwilliam 
museum, chapels of King's College and Jesus College, hall and library of Trinity 
College, and a very fine chapel. The two members of Parliament which the 
university sends to ihc House o( Commons are chosen by the seniUc. 

Members of Tarliament — County. Lord Ceo^e J. Manners (C), Lomlon 
residence, 25, Grosvenor-square, W. ; Kl. Hon. Viscount Royslon (C), London 
residence, 38, Ilenford-stteel, W. ; Rt. Hon. H. B. W. Brand (L), London 
residence, 18, Lowndes-streel. S.W. Borougii, Robert R. Tonenii, Esq. (L), 
London residence, I, Gloucester-place, W. ; William Fowler, Esq. (L), London 
residence, 45, St. James's-placc, S.W. Unh>trsity, Rl. Hon. S. H. Waliiole 
(C|, London residence, 109, Eaton-square, S.W. ; A. J. Beresfonl Hope, Esq. 
(C), London residence, i, Connaughl- place, W. 

Bank— London and County liank. J. H. S. Sweeting, Esq., mang. ; London 
coiTcs|)ondent, Ihe Ixindon and County Hank, 21, Lombard -street- 
Hotel— The Bull. 

CAMBRAY. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, sec pages Iv to Ixxii, 7-ik Dover, Calais, Busigny (junc.) 

A foilified town of France, dep. Nord, on r. bank of river Schelde, 31 m. 
S, by E. ofLille, and 95 m. N.N.E. of Paris ; lat. 50° ll' N., Ion. 3° 14* E. 
Pop. 22,200. It has coiuiidcrabic manufactures of line linens, the description 
known as 'cambrics ' deriving that name hence ; it is, besides, of considerable 
historic celebrity. A monument 10 Fenclon, whovas Archbishop of Cambray, 
attracts the notice of strangers. 

Hold— Ue I'Europc. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 




gz Our Ocean Highways. 



CAMPBELLTOWN.— Route from London, see Scotch 

mail trains, pages Hi to liv. 

A sea-port and pari. lx)r. of Scotland, co. Argyle, 40 m. S.W. A)rr ; lat. 
55"* 24' N., Ion. 5** 42' \V. Pop. 6,cxx). The town has some distilleries and 
a good harbour. 

Member of Parliament for Ayr, Irvine, Campbelltown, &c. — E. H. J. 
Crawfurd, Esq. (L), London residence, 89, Belgrave-rood, S.W. 

J.loyd's Agent — W. Dickson, Esq. 

CAMPEACHY. — For steamers, see Vera Cruz ; thence by 

local communication. 

A sea-port of the Mexican confederation, cap. of state of that name, situated 
on the W. coast of the Yucatan peninsula, uj>on the extensive Bay of Cam- 
peachy — a arm of the Gulf of Mexico ; lat. 19" 50' N., Ion. 90*33' W. Pop. 
about 18,000. Its harbour is extensive, but only admits vessels of light dnmgnt 
of water ; considerable trade, however, is carrietl on, chiefly in the export of 
timber and wax. 

I^loyd's Agent — Messrs. Joaquin Gutierrez and Co. 

CANARY ISLANDS.— For steamers, see Teneriffe. 

A group in the N. Atlantic Ocean, belonging to Spain, lying between 
the parallels of 27" and 30", and the meridians of 1 3° and 19' N. of Greenwich. 
The seven principal islands of the group (named in the order of their respectiirc 
magnitudes) are Teneriffe, Grand Canary, Fucrtaventura, Lanzarote, ralnu, 
CJomera, and Ferro. Total pop. 256,000. (See Teneriffe, Santa Cruz, &c.) 

CANDIA. — For steamers, see Table. * 

A fortified sea-port and cap. of the island of Crete, on its N. shore, near iU 
centre ; lat. 35" 21' N., Ion. 25" 9' E. Chief buildings: governor's palace, 
the CJreek cathedral, many mosques, a lighthouse on the W. mole, and some 
goo<l baths. The articles of British produce and manufacture imported are 
coals, calicoes, cotton, hardware, herrings, &c. amounting to nearly jf lOO^ooo 
annually ; the exports consist of olive oil, silk, almonds, cotton, wool, ftc, 
the first-named article Iiaving been shippe<l to England direct, to the amount of 
;f 12,000 last year. 

Postal — letters for Candia, rid Belgium and Trieste, not exceeding J os. 6d., 
I oz. IS., i^ oz. IS. 6d. ; registr. fee, 4d. ; newspapers, 40Z. 4d. Money Ofden; 
are issued, which are available. 

Vice Consul (British) — L. Calocherino, Esq. 

T. M. -9s. 

CANE A. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port and principal commercial to^Ti of the island of Candia, on its 
N. coast, 64 m. W.N.W. Candia ; lat. 35* 30' N., Ion. 24* i' E, Pop. 16,00a 
The port is the best in Candia ; it is formed by a mole 1,200 ft. long, with a 
lighthouse at its extremity. It has an arsenal, docks, lazaretto, &c It is the 
seat of a pacha, and has a handsome mosque. Considerable trade is canifld 
on with France, Trieste, and Venice. Chief exports : wax, oU, finiti^ aad 
wool. 

Vice Consul (British) — E. G. Boone, Esq. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



CoDsnl (Amerioui}— H. lUldebnodt, Esq. 
\1ce Consul „ IL A. Alexis, Esq. 
T. M.— gs. 

CANNANORE.— For steamers, see Bombay; tiience by 
B. I. S, N. Co's steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port and mililaiy cantonmeDt of Brit. India, Madriii ptes., situate un 
N. shoraof asmiUbay in the Malabar di.itrict, 79 m. S.K. of MangaJoie, 345 m. 
S.W. Madias, and 615111. S.E. Bombay ; lal. ii' 52' N., Ion. 7S°a6' E, The 
Britiih canloninent is situated cioie 10 the sea shore and to the N. W. of the 
fort. There are barracks for an English regiment and two native, and a 
regiment of native foot artillery. 
^T.M.~57s. 

CANNES. ^Roiitc from London by rail, fixeti mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv lo I.vxii, v'sA Dover, Calais, Paris, Monlereau, 
Joigny, Uijon, (Buffet), Chalons, Macon, Lyons, Valence, 
Avignon, Aries, Marseilles, Toulon, and Les Arcs. 

A town and wa' '" 

Aolibei, cm tlie h 
Being entirely shell 
mate, ami i- 1.' ; ' 

Vice i;. ., ■ ■ 

ClerRVL . Y.. V. Nevilc Rolf, M.A., Rev. ThoiuasH. 

Kilvranl-, M . . . ' . r.vorth, M.A. 

Banlt^Mcssrs. Kiancois Rigal, 5, Roe de Grasse ; London correspDndenl, 
The National Bank, 13, Old Broad.slreet, E.G. ( CircularitoUt. ) 

Hoiel— Beau Site. 

T. M,— 3s. 4d. 

CAN NSTADT.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to lx.\ii, vi& Dover, Calais, or Ostend, Brus- 
sels, Cologne, Mayence, Stuttgart. 

A (own of .S. GcmDny, kingd. Wijrtemberg, situated on the fertile banks 
of the river Neckar, 2 m. N. Ii. of Stuttgart ; lat. 48° 48' N., Ion. 9° 1 1' E. 
Pop. 8,600, It has mineral waters, liaths, and pleasure grounds, and is a 
highly attractive place nf resort, especially recommended by its mild winter 
climate. Considerable Iraftic is maintained on the Neckar, as well as by 
means of its exlcnsivi; railway conununicalion with all parts of S. Germany. 

Hotel— Herman. 

T. M.— 6s. 

CANTERBURY.— Rail from London (Victoria Station), 
6.25, 6.50, 7.40, and 10.30 a.m-; 2.5, 4.20, 6.25, and 8.35 p.m. ; 
Sundays, 7.40 a.m.; 6.25 and 8.35 p.m. Fares: 15s., 10s. 6d., 
5s. 2d. 

A cathedral city, the scat of the primacy of England, co, Kent, lies 16 m. 
distant from Dover anil Margate respeclively, and 6jm. from London by the 
L. C. and 1>. Ry. Pop. 21,300. The cathedral is one of the largest 
and most magniliccnt ecclesiastical structures in England. In 1170^ Thomas 
k Bcckct was murdered in it. 




94 Our Ocean Highways. 

Members of Parliament — H. A. Butler-Johnstone, Esq. (C), London resi- 
<lence, 33, Park-street, W. ; Captain T. H. Brinckman (L), London residence, 
56, Park -street, W. 

Bank — London and County Bank, J. Hennery, Esq., mang. ; London cor- 
respondent, London and County Bank, 21, lx)mbard-street, E,C. 

Hotel — Royal Fountain. 

CANTON. — For steamers, see Hong Kong ; thence by local 
steam line (the Hong Kong, Canton, and Macao Steamship Co.). 

A maritime city of China, on its S. coast ; the principal emporium of the 
East, and the first port in China at which any Europeans were established. It 
stan(is on the N. bank of the Chookiang and the E. bank of its affluent, the 
Pckiang, 60 m. N.N.W. the Chinese Sea, and 420 m. S. by W. Pekin ; UU. 
23^ 7' N., Ion. 113'' 14' E. Pop. i,coo,ooo. It is divided into 2 parts the 
outer or Chinese, and the inner, or Mantchoo city, surrounded by one uill 
and separated by another. There are 12 gates, which are opened at dawn and 
*;hut at night. Several canals intersect the city and suburbs. The foreign 
factories, or hongs, as the Chinese call them, are situated in the S. W. suburo. 
They occupy a flat, which is railed in, and forms a promenade, called Respon- 
<lentia Walk. No cily in china has stamped on it more unmistakeable signs of 
malcrial prosperity than Canton. The streets and the river teem with a busy 
population ; the shops are large and well stocketl, and the people robust, 
intelligent, and industrious. Hong-kong (which see), the British colony, lying 
some 6 or 7 hours distant, is the head-quarters of the trade of Canton, and 
steamers run daily between the two ports. The anchorage for vessels visiting 
the ])on is at Whampoa (which see), al)out 12 m. below the city of Canton. 
Nearly 20,000 persons are employed in silk weaving, and 50,000 in the mann- 
faclure of cloth, besides thousands of shoemakers, and many who work in bras.s 
iron, and stone. The tea exported from Canton amounts to about 30,000,000 lbs. 
annually ; the silk to about 1,500,000 lbs. The value of the imports is about 
j^2, 500,000 per annum, and the exports about /^4,ooo,ooo. 

Consul (British) — Daniel Brooke Robertson, Esq., C.B. 

Vice Consul (American) — D. Vrooman, Esq. 

Clerg>man (Protestant) — Rev. J. H. (Jray, M.A. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. (Oilman and Co. 

T. M.— 22s. 6d. 

CAPE COAST CASTLE.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Africa, on the coast of N. Guinea, cap. of the British settle^ 
menis ; lai. 5** 5'N., Ion. i''i2'W. Pop. io,ooo. Exports: gold dust, maize, 

palm oil, and lortoiseshell. 
Lloyd's Agent — Vacant. 

CAPE HAYTI.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of I layti, on the N. shore of the island, 90 m. N. Port-au- 
Prince ; lat. 19" 46' 20" N., Ion. 72"* 14' W. Pop. 10,000. 
Vice Consul (British) — John Dutton, Esq. 
Consul (American) — .Stanislaus Goutier, Esq. 
Vice Consul ,, Vacant. 

Lloyd's Agent — ^John Littlejohn Wilson, Esq. 



Our Ocean High-mays. 



CAPE PALMAS.— For steamers, see Tables. 
A sca-porl and low promonloty of N. Guinea, in the Allanlic ; lat. 4° 22' l" 
N., Ion. 7 44' 3" W. The anchoring place is one of ihe best on ihe coast, 

CAPE TOW^N.— Fgr steamers, see Tables. 

A sst'poct of S. Africa, cap. of Cape Colon;, situated on S. shore of Table 
Bay, al Ihe foot of Table Mounlain, abmil 32 m. N. &oni Ihe Cape of Good 
Hope ; lal. 33* 56' S., Ion. 18° l' E. Pop. 30.000. The principal buildings 
are the government house, tlie senate hau^, eichange, custom house, gaol, and 
Somerset hospital. Exports : wool, wines, com, fluur, hides, hom«. horses, 
butler, ivory, whale oil, aloes, salt beef. Imports : wotlen and cotton manu- 
bulures, hardwares, fire anus, fumiture, ^oap, sugar, tea. Six. There are many 
vioeyanls in the vicinjly, and much inferior wine has of late years been i>ent lo 
England from Ihe Cape ; the best, ConstanCio, \s produced on a farm of that 
name, 8 m. from Cape Tovm, iiuperior wines might be produced in other parts 
of the colony, if sufficient pains -were taken in the cultivation. 

Postal — Letters for Cape of Good Hope, not exceeding Joe. is., I oz. 2s.; 
registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 4 oz. id. Money orders are issued, which are 
available. 

Money — English ; thepaper rix dollar = Is. fid. 

Weighis— iJulch and Kiiglish \ 93 Amslerdani punds are = tco lbs. avoir- 
Consul (American)— Uco. Ueranf, Esq. 

Bank — London and South African Bank, H. J. Feltham, Esq. mang. ; 
l»ndon conespondcnl, London and 6outh African Bank, 10, King William- 
,treet, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent-Messrs. William Dickson and Co. 

CAPE VERD ISLANDS.— For steamers, see St. Vin- 
cent. 

A group lying in the N. Atlantic Ocean, off the W. extremity of the African 
continent, between Ihe parallels of 14° and 18° N., and the meridians of 22° 
and 36° W. They belong to Portugal. Santiago (400 sq. m.) is the largest of 
the group 1 the others are Mayo, Fogo, Brava, Boavista, Sat, St. Nicholas. St. 
I^ucia, St. Vincent, and St. Antonio. They are a volcanic group, and are all 
high ; Kogo. the peak of which reaches ahmve Q.OOO ft., being an active vol- 
cano. Though but of moderate fertility they produce fruit (oranges, &c.) in 
abundance, with tnaize. coHee, cotton. &c. Mindello, on the island of St. 
It (which see) is Ihe cap. Pop. (of the entire group) 67,000. 

r, Esq. 

CAPRAJA.— For steamers, see Tables. 

An Island of N. Italy, Mediterranean, with fortified port of same name, on 
E. side, 17 m. E. and N. extremity of Corsica ; length 3^ m., breadth ij m. ; 
lat. 43° 2' N., Ion. 9° 49' E. Pop. 1,000. Il is a mounlainons place, producing 

CAPRERA. — For steamere, see Genoa; thence by occa- 
sional steam communication. 

An island of Italy, in the Mediterranean, off the N.E. Coast of Sardinia ; 
lal. 41' 12' N., Ion. 9° 27' E. ; the home of Garibaldi. 




96 Our Ocean Highways. 



CAPUA. — Route from London, see Rome; thence by rail, 

vi& Velletri, Ceprano, San Germano, Presenzano. 

A fortified city of Italy, pro v. Terra di Lavoro, situated on the river Vol- 
tumo, 18 m. N. of Naples ; lat. 4r 7' N., Ion. 14*" 12' E. Pop. lo^ooa It 
lies on the line of railway between Rome and Naples, and has some good puUic 
buildings. The ancient Capua was 7\ m. S.E. of the modem city, on the site 
of the present Santa Maria di Capua. 

Hole! — l)e I^ndres. 

T. M.— 7s. 6d. 

CARACAS. — For route, see I^ Guayra; thence by local 

conveyance. 

A town of S. America, cap. of republic Venezuela, ii m. S.S.E. La Gnajfim, 
which is its port ; lat. lo** 30' N., Ion. 66'* 54' W. Pop. 47.000. The nrer 
Guayra bounds it on the S. The town is well built ; the streets are almost all 
furnished with fountains. Tlie * Plaza Major ' is tlie chief square, where the 
market is held. Caracas has a university. Earthquakes are common^ and 
have much damaged the churches. The cocoa growTi in the province is the 
best brought to Europe. 

Postal — Letters to Venezuela not exceeding ^ oz. is. ; I oz. 2s. News* 
papers, 4 oz. id. ; vid Southampton, by French packet, 2d. ; registr. fee^ 4d. 
Money orders are issued, which are available. 

Consul General (British) — R. T. C. Middleton, Esq. 

CARCASSONNE.— Route from London, see Bordeaux; 

thence by rail vid Agen, Montauban, Toulouse. 

A town of France, dcp. Aude, situated on the river Aude, 53 m. S.E. of 
Toulou>c ; lat. 43"* 12' N., Ion. 2" 21' E. Pop. 22,000. It lies on the great 
line of railway which connects Toulouse with the coasts of the Meditenaneaiit 
and also on the Canal du Midi, and enjoys considerable trade, besides a lai^ 
share in the woollen manufacture. It is divided into an old and a new town, 
the former much decayed, the latter of cheerful and attractive aspect. 

Hotel — St. Jean Baptiste. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

CARDIFF. — Rail from London (Paddington), 6, 9.15, iai5, 
and 1 1.45 a.m. : 4.50, 8.10, and 9 p.m. Sundays, 10 a.m. ; 8. 10 and 
9 p.m. ; or by L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vi& Stourbridge. 
Fares : 30s., 22s. 6d., 14s. 2^d. For steamers, see Tables, 

A sea-port and pari. bor. of S. Wales, co. Glamorgan, on the Taff, 170^ m. 
\V. I^ntlon by Gt. Western Ry. ; kt. 5i''28'N., Ion. 3" 16' W. Pop. of pari. 
bor. (1S61), 58,000. The castle is of great antiquity. Cardiff b the port of 
Merthyr Tydfil, and has a considerable trade. Large quantities of copper oie 
from the W. coast of S. America are shipped to this port. 16,687 vessels entered 
and cleared the port during the year 1 009, having a tonnage of 3,311,059 tons. 
The ship canal and docks are magnificent. 

Members of I*arliament — County Glamorgan^ Christopher Rice M. TalboC, 
£s(i. (L). London residence, 3, Cavendish-square, W. ; Henry Hussev Viviaii, 
Es((. (L). London residence, 27, Belgrave-square, S.W. ; City of Cmrd^^ 
Lieut. -Col. James F. D. C. Stuart (L), London residence, 25, Witton-cresoenty 
S.W. 



Out Ocean Hi^tmays. 



Bank — Naltonal Provincial Bonk of Kngland, William B. WatluDS, Esq., 
mang.; London correspondeni, Ihe Natioiml Provincial Bank of Ei^lanii, 
ii», Bishopsgale-streel-wilhin, E,C. 

Lloyii's Agent— John Bovejr, Es<]. 

Holel— The Royal. 

CARDIGAN.— Rail from London (Paddington), to Car- 
marlhen {junc.}, 6, 9.15, 1D.15, and 11.45 a.m.; 4.50 and 8.10 
p.m. Sunilays, 10 a.m.; 8.10 p.m. Thence by rail as far as 
as Llandyssil ; thence by coach lo Cardigan. Fares to Cannar- 
then : 40s. 9d., 30s. 6d., iijs. ad. 

A sea-port and pari, bor. of S. Walci, co. Candiean, 198 ni. W.N.W. 
London by Gl. Wcslem Ry., viA Cannarthcn ; lal. 51' 30' N., Ion. 4' 20' W. 
Pop. of paj|. Imr. 3,S0O. A bar at the moulh of the river Towy, 00 which the 
town is »tualeil, l.i a great impediment to navigation. 556 veuels, of 18,567 
tons bonlen, entered and cleared the port in 1S69. 

Meiubcra of Pailiament — Cmmty, Evan M. KictuuiLs, Esq. |L), London 
lEsideiice, Refonn Clab, .S.W. Bonngk, Sir Thomas D. Lloyd, Barl. (L), 
London nsiilenee, 4, Charles-street, St. James's. S.W. 

Bank— Messrs. Wilkinsand Co.; London correipondcni, Messrs. Willioim, 
Deacon and Co., 10, ISirchin-lnne. F,C. 

Lloyd's Agent— David Davics, Esti- 

Hotel— The Black Lion, 

CARLISLE — Rail from London (Euston Square), 6.25 
7.30, 9.10, and II a.m., 8.40 and 9 p.m. Sundays, 10 a.m.; 
8,35 and 9 p.m. Fares: 54s. 9d., 40s., 24s. 2Jd. (St. Pancras), 
8.45 and 10 a.m. ; 8.35 p.m. Fares : 55s., 40s. 3d., 245. 2^d. 

A city and port of England, co. Cumberland, on the river Eden, 'i m. 
above its entrance into the Solway Firth, 300 m. from London by L. and 
N. W. Ry.; iai. 54* 53' N., Ion. 2° 56' W, Top. 29,400. Carlisle i? Ihc 
scat of a bishopric, and has several literary anil scientific institutions. The 

ward and inner wall, each of great thickness, anil of a great square tower. 
The ramp.irls command a icry fine view. The environs afford many delightful 
rides and walks. The .staple manufaeliire of the town is cotton, cmi>lojing 
several thousand hands. The situation of Carlisle gives great facilities to its 
trade. 916 vcsels, of 146,233 tons, entered and cleared the port in 1S69. 

Meml)crs of Parliament— C'unw//' Cumberland, F.ail, W. Nicolson Hodgson, 
Esq. (C), Ixindon resilience, 33, Duke-slrcel, Si. James's. S.W.; lion. 
C W. (;. Howard (L), London residence, I, I'alacc-grccn, KcnMngtoii, W. 
Wat. Lieul.-Col. H. I^wlher (C), Loiulon residence, 21, Wilton .crescent, 
S.W.; Cant. Hon. P. S. Wyndham (C), London residence, 44, Belgrave- 
squarc, S.W. Dffrougk. Sir Wilfrid Uivson, Ban. (L), I.ondon residence. 
Reform Club, S.W. ; Edmund Poller. Esq. (L), London residence, 64, Qneen's- 
gate. W. 

Bank— Cumberland Union Bank, W. U. Gordon, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent. Messrs. liarchy, tk^-an, Tritton, Twelli and Co., M. Lombard- 
street, E.C. 

Hotel — County. 




98 Our Ocean Highways. 



CARLO W. — Route from London, sec Irish mail trains, page 

lii, viil Chester and Holyhead. 

A town and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Carlow, 44 m. from Dublin by GL 
Soulhcm and \\'c>leni and the Kaslern Ry. Pop. of pari. bor. 8,900. Ex- 
ports : com, bacon, and butter to Waterford by the river, and to Dublin by 
the (irami Canal. 

Members of rarliament — County y Henry Bruen, Esq. (C), London resi- 
dence, Clapton Club, S.W. ; Arthur M. Kavanagh, Esq. (C), London rwi- 
dence, 12, Victoria-square, S.W. Borou^hy Captain William Fagan (L), 
London residence. Junior Uniteil Ser\ice Club, S.W. 

Bank — The National Bank (Branch), James Palmer, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Hotel — County Club House. 

CARLOFORTE. — For steamers, see Genoa ; thence by 

occasional steam and sailing communication. 

A town of Italy, on the island of San Bietro, which lies off the S.W. shore 
of the larger islan(l of Sardinia ; lat. 44** S' N., Ion. 70*39' E. The coral and 
anchovy fisherie*^ are pursued in the neighlxjuring waters. 

Lloyd's Agent — Ciiulio Strina, Esq. 

CARLSCRONA.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Swalen on the Baltic ; lat. 56' 10' N., Ion. 1 5* 33' E. Pop. 
I7,5cx). The greater part of the town is built on the small island of Trottsoe, 
and the rest on some adjoining islets, the communication being maintained 
partly by a mound, jjarlly by a wooden bridge. The harbour is large and safe, 
with water sufficient to lloat the largest ships. 

Vice Consul (British) ---.Vdolph l*alander, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent- Messrs. (iuslaf, Ernberg, and Co. 

r. M.— 8s. 

CARLSBAD. — Route from Ix)ndon, sec Egcr; thence by 

rail, via Maricnbad. 

One of the most favoure<l of continental watering places, situated within a 
romantic valley in the N.W. of Bohemia (Austr. Emp.), beside the stream erf 
the river Tepl, imnietliately al>ove its junction with the E^r — an affluent of 
the Upper Elbe— 6S m. W. by N. of Prague ; lat. 50" 14' N., Ion. 12' 52' E. 
Pop. about 3,500, which 1>ecomes more than doubled during the summer 
season. The celebrity of Carlsbad is wholly due to its hot mineral springs 
(chiefly alkaline, carlxmate and sulphate of soda being the principal mmeral 
ingrcnlienls), which var>' in temperature from 97** to 168** Fahr. There are 
charming walks and drives in the immctliale vicinity of the town, with grander 
scenic aspects to be found amongst the pine forests of the Bohemian mountains, 
only a few miles distant. There is good accommodation for visitors. 

(;*lergyman (Protestant) — Rev. J. R. Briscoe, M.A. 

l^ank — A. F. SeifTert, Esq. ; London correspondent, the National Bank, 
13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular notes.) B. Schvalb, Esq.; Lon. cor., 
Messrs. Herries, Faniuhar, and Co. , 16, St.James's-strect,S.W. ( Circular moia,) 

Hotel--I)e Rubsie. 

T. M.— 6s. 

CARLSHAMN. — For steamers, sec Stockholm and Calls- 
crona ; thence by local steam line, during summer months onlj. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



A sea-pon of Sweden, on ihe Bailie coast, 27 m. W, of Carlscrona ; !h1. 
56° lo' N., Ion. 14° 51' E. Pop. 5.600. It lies at the outlet of the Mie tiver, 
suid i& a well bailt pkice, with n g^^ harbour ; hot a cunsideruble share in the 
timber trade, and some innnuraclurcs of >ia>l-dolh, ship-building, &c. 

IJoyd's Agcm— Messrs. Winberg and Meyer. 

T. M.— 7s. 

CARLSRU HE. —Route from London by rait, fixed ma 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Brussels, Frank- 
fort, ami Mannheim. 

A city of Geimany, am 
of the Rhine, 37 m. W.N.W.' StuHEirt J .. . 

3Z,cxXX The grand-ducal palace is the centre from which 32 diverging slreela 
radiate, making Ihe ground plan of the city fan-Iilte in shape. 

Bank — ^Messrs. C. MiiUcr el Cic., Martelploli, No. 8 ; London cormpon- 
deni, the N.iiional Bank, 13, Old Brood-sireel, E.C. (Circular Bflto.J 

Holei— Erbirini. 

T. M.— 6s. 

CARMARTHEN.— Rail from London (Paddington), 6, 
g.15, 10.15, and 11.45 ^■™- ' 4-50 and 8.10 p.m. ; Sundays, 10 
a.m. ; 8.10 p.m. Fares ; 43s. id., 313. 4d., 20s. 5d, 

\ sea-port of England, and cap. of co. of same name, on ihe Towy, 7 m. 
N. from its embouchure in Carmarthen Bay, 245! m. from London by Gt. 
W. and S. Wales Ry. ; lat. 51° 51; N., Ion. ^'ig'w. Pop. 10,000. Vessels 
of 200 tons may come up to Ihe lirtdge at spring tides. 

Membersof Parliament — Ciiutif); Edwardjohn Sartoris, Esq. (L), London 
revidence, 9, I'ark.place, Si. James'-S S.W. John Jones, Esq. (C), London 
residence, 45, lluckingham.paloce-road, .S.W. CVfc, Lieut. -Col. J. S. C. 
Stepney (L), London residence, S, Si. Ceorge's-placc, Hyde-park, W, 

Bank— National Provincial Hank of England, John William Thomas, Esq., 
mang. ; London corresjiondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 
112, Bishopsgate.slreel-within, E.C. 

Holels-h7 Hush, and Royal Hold. 

CARMEN, see LACUNA DE TERMINOS. 

CARNARVON.— Rail from London {Euston Square), 6.15, 
9.0, 9.5, and I i.o a.m. ; 9.15 p.m. Sundays, lo.o am., 9.15 p.m. 
Fares : 43s. 6d., 33s., aos, -jd. 

A sea-port of N. Wales, on the S.E. side of the Menai Strait, 246 ni. 
from London by L. and N. W. Ky. ; iaf. 53' 8' N., Ion. 4' 15' W. I'op. 
8,500. The harljour admilii vessels of 400 Ions burden ; but ihe coastinp iraile 
is principally by small vessels ami steamers. 1,679 vessels, of 120,986 tons 
burden, entered and cleared the port in 1869. The principal export is slate. 
Carnarvon castle is one of the noblesi ruins of its kind in the kingdom. A 
small chamber in the Eagle Tower is shown as the birthplace of Edward IL, 
Ihe first English Prince of Wales. 

Members of ParlUment—CBBH/r, T. L._D. ^ones- Parry, Esq. (L), I.ondon 
sklencc, S' ' '" ' "' '^ ' '" ■■ ■ ^ .. . . . 

reudence, L 




loo Our Ocean Highways. 



Bank — Messrs. Williams and Co. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Robart>, 
Lubbock, and Co., 15, Lombaixl-street, E.C. 
Lloyd's Agent — ^John Thomas, Esq. 
Hotel— The Royal. 

CARRICK-ON-SHANNON.— Route from London, by 
Irish mail trains, see page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A town of Ireland, co. Leitrim, 19 m. N.W. Ix)ngford. Pop. 1,600. 

Members of Parliament— C^/zw/y I^itrim, Major W. R. Onnsby Gore (C), 
London residence, 43, Lowndes-square, S.W. ; Dr. John Brady (L), Lozidon 
rcMdence, Cirosvenor Hotel, S.W. 

Bank — Trovincial Bank of Ireland (Branch), Michael Mitchell, Esq., 
mang. ; London correspondent, Barclay, Bevan, and Co., 54, Lombard- 
.street, E.C. 

CARRICK-ON-SUIR.— Route from London by Irish 

mail trains, see page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A town of Ireland, co. Tipperary, on the line of railway betw^ecn Waler- 
ford and Clonmel (15 m. N.W. of the fonner and 12 m. E, of the latter) ; lal. 
$2"- 2\' N., Ion. 7** 26' \\. Pop. 5,000. 

Bank — The National Bank (Branch), David Kent Cannicrs, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-strcct, E.C. 

CARRICKFERGUS.— Route from London, by Irish mail 

trains, see page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A town and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Antrim, situated on Belfast Lough, 
9 m. N. N.E. Belfast. Pop. of pari. bor. 9,400. There are extensive salt 
mines within I m. of Carrickfergus. 

Member of Parliament — Merriott R. Dalway, Esq. (C), London residence, 
91, \'icl«)ria-street, S.W. 

liank— Northern Banking Company, D. Pasley, Esq., mang. ; London 
c'»; respondent, Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Co., 67, Lombard-street, E.C. 

CARRIZAL-BAJO.— For Steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Chilli, on the S. Pacific, on the route from Callao to Val- 
])rirai><o, l)ct\»ccn the ports of Caldera and Coquimbo ; lat. 26' </ S., loo. TO* 
30 W. 

CARTAGENA.— Route from London, by rail, fixed mail 
serv ic cs, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Paris ; thence 
by Toi^rs, Bordeaux, Bayonne, Madrid, and Murcia. For steamers, 

see Tal)lcs. 

.\ soa-pori of Spain, prov. Murcia, on the Mediterranean, 17 m. W. Cape 
I\ilos and 32 m. S.S.K. Murcia, with which it is connected by nilway; 
lat. 37" 36' N., Ion. 0° 56' W. Pop., of town, 26,000 ; of distr., 54,00a TTie 
harbour, which is one of the l>est on the Mediterranean, consists of a circular 
ba^in, has <leep water throughout, and is protectcii from every wind by the 
surrounding; heijjhts and by an islet at its entrance. Important works for con- 
struction of quays are now in progress. The principal exports arc sU%-er^lead, 



Our Ocean Highways. 



with calamine, iron, and esparto-Brass— chiefly lo Englimd, France, and Bd- 
giuiti. Coals and coke arc imported from ihe United Kingdom, and grain and 
Hour from Marseilles and Greece. The lota[ number of vessels entered in 1S69 
was 34$, with a tonnage of 148, 3J0— above two-thii^u of them (and more than 
(our-fifths of the tonnage) Britii 



CARTAGENA (S. America). 

A strongly fortiSed city and sea-port of S. America, United Stales of 
Columbia, of whith it is the chief naval arsenal ; lat. ta' 3jc' N., Ion. 75* 33' 
\V, Its fine bay is fronted to seaward by the island of Tierra Bomba, the 
large entrance of whicli, ' Boca grande,' was closed by the Spaniards for 
strategic purposes, but a project is on foot for re-opening it. The ' Boca 
Chica,' or Little Entrance, Is u.sed by ships. The Pops, a lofty hill sutmounled 
by a convent, forms a splendid landmark. Pop. ia,acx]. Eipoits : cotton, 
ibher, tobacco, and specie ; imports : nearly all the ni^ccssaries of life. 



uT (British) — Albany Fonblonque, I^. 



CAR'WAR — For steamers, see Madras; thence by B. I. S. N. 

Company's steamer, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Madras, at the mouth of the Kali Nuddy, 50 m. S.E. Goa, 
260 m. N.W. Bangalore, and 295 m. .S.E. Bombay 1 lat. 14 50' N., Ion. 74' 
15' E. Carwar, formerly a considerable seat of trade, but subsequently de- 
cayed, is now fast regaining importance, and has greatly increased in sire 
during the past year. Improved harbour accommodation, and railway com- 
munication with the Dharwar and Madras districts, are in contemplation. Pop. 
about 4,000. 

Lloyd's Agent— Messrs. Robertson, lirolliers and Co. 

CASHEL. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A city of Ireland, co. Tipi)erary, 95^ m. S.W. of Dublin by Gt. Southern 
!Uid Western Ry. Pop. 4,300. On the rock of Ca.shel, which rises imme- 
dialely over the city, are ecclesiaslieal ruins of great beauty and archi- 
tectural interest; Cormac's chapel, in particular, is a gem of meili;vvnl 

Member' of Pariiament— Vacant, 
liank-Tlie National Bank (Brai 
mant; ; I^ndon corrcsponden 
Hotel^Corcoran's. 

CASMA.— For steamers, see Table. 

A port of Peru, .S. America ; lat. 9" 30' S., Ion. 78* 25' \V. To the N. 
lie the two minor ports, Samanco and .Santa (which see). 

CASSEL. — Route from London, see Cologne; thence by 
rail, vi& Giessen (j""c.) Marburg, Neustadt, Guntershausen, 




102 Our Ocean Highways. 



A town of Prussian Germany, prov. Ilesscn-Nassau, (cap. of the former 
electorate of HeKsen-Cassel), situatetl on the river Fulda — a principal arm of the 
Weser — 112 m. E.N.K. of Cologne, and nearly the same distance S.W. of 
Magdeburg ; lat. 51** 19' N., Ion. 9^ 30' E. Pop. 42,000. It comprehends 
an old and a new town, the latter of which includes some verj' fine structures, 
amongst them a fine museum ; but the general aspect is unattractive. Cassel 
has some manufacturing industry, chiefly cotton and woollen fabrics, andconsi' 
dcrable trade. 

Bank — Ooldschmidt Freres, 996, Untere Kinings Strasse ; London cor- 
re^^pondent, Messrs. Herrics, Farquhar and Co., 16, St. James's-street, S.W. 
( Circular notes. ) 

Hotel— l)u Nord. 

T. M. — 6s. * 

CASTEL. — Route from London, see Mayence; thence 
across the bridge of boats. 

A town and fortress of (icrmany (grand duchy Hessen-Darmstadt), on the r. 
bank of the Rhine, immediately opposite Mainz ; lat. 50" i' N., Ion. 8' 18' E. 
Pop. 3,600. 

Hotel - Barth. 

T. M. -6s. 

CASTELLAMARE.— Route from London, see Naples; 

thence by rail. 

A sea-port town of Italy, beautifully situated at the S.E. angle of the Bay 
of Naples, 17 m. S.E. of the city of Naples, with which it is connected by a 
railway running throughout along the shore of the bay, and commanduig 
beautiful prospects of the sea, the neighbouring cone of Vesuvius, and the 
mountain ridge which divides the bays of Naples and Salerno ; lat. 40*41' N., 
Ion. 14" 2S' E. Pop. 18,500. Its hot mineral springs, combined with its 
unsuq)assed scenic attractions, make it a place of great resort during suxnmer. 

Vice Consul (British) — S. Acampara, Esjj. 

Hotel — Gran Bretagna. 

T. M. — 7s. 6d. 

CASTELLAMARE.— Route from London, see Palenno ; 
thence by occasional steam and sailing communication, or by car- 
riage. 

A sea-port of Italy, on the N. coast of the island of Sicily, at the foot of an 
extensive gulf, to which its name is given, 26 m. W.S.W. of Palermo; lat. 
38' i' N., Ion. 12" 53' E. Pop. 9,000. It has some trade in wine, fruits, ftc. 

CASTLEBAR. — Route from I^ndon, by Irish mail trains^ 

see page Hi, viil Chester and Holyhead. 

A town of Ireland, co. Mayo, 126 m. from Dublin, on the Midland Gt. 
Western Ky. Pop. 3,000. 

Members of Parliament— Ow/z/y ^fayo, l*ord Bingham (C), London resi- 
dence, 7, Portland-place, W. ; George E. Browne, Esq. (L), Ixnidon residence* 
^^y P;ilace-gardens-tcrrace, W. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Bank— Branch of the National Bunk, Cosby Ceo. Wilton, Esq., roang. ; 
London correspoDdcnt. the Nation^ Built, 13, 6ld Broad-slreet, E.C. 

Hotel— Daly's. ' 

CASTLETOW^N (Isle of Man)— For steamers, see Tables, 
Gt. Britain local steam lines. 

Cap. Isle of Man, silualed on a fine bay, at the S. entttmity of the Island. 
9 m. S.W. of Douglas; kt. 54° 4' N.. Ion. 4' 39' W. Pop. 2,370, The 
Hou.sc of Keys, or local parliament of the island, has its siiiings hefc. The 
harbour is ^lall, and di^cull of access, but has some cooating trade ; nmnj' of 
the inhabitaiils are engaged in the fisheries. 

Bank — lionk of Mona, Stewart L. Jackson, Esq., mang. : London coiies- 
pondenl, Messrs. Prescolt, Grotc, Cave and Co.,6J, Threadneedlc-streel, E.L'. 

Lloyd's Agent— VVilliam Bcrey. E^q. 

CASTLETOWN -BEARHAVEN Route from Lon- 
don, by Irish mail trains, see page lii, vi^ Chester and Holyhead. 

A village and port of Ireland, co. Cork, on the N. W. shore of Banttv Bay, 
iom.W.ofthetownofBantry, and66m. W.S.W. of Cork j lat. 31- 39'N., 
Ion. 9° 55' W. Pop. 1,070, chiefly engaged in the fisheries, with some little 
coasting tradu. Dunmanway (on the roail between Cork and Bantry). and 
Killamey (31 ra. lo the N.lv.) are the nearest railway stations. 

Bank — The Munster Bank ; London correspondent, the Union Bank. 2, 
Princes- street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Mortimer G. Dawning, Esq. 

CATANIA.— For steamers, see Table. 

An ancient ami celebrated sea-port of Sicily, on the K. coast of the island, 
17 m. S.S.K. of Mount Etna, 31 m. N.N.W. Syracuse, on the railway 
trom Messina lo Syracuse ; lat. 37* 18' N., Ion. 15° 5' E. Pop. 65,000. 
It has a noble appearance from the sea, and the effect is not diminishe<l 
tn\ landing. The streets are spacious ; and the numerous churches, con- 
vents, palaces, and public establishments, principally constructed of lava, 
are magnificent. The principal manufacture is that of silk, which is hugely 
carried on. The working of the yellow amber found on the S. coast of the 
island affords emptoymcnt to several thousands. The snow of Mount Etna is 
also a source of wealth. 

Vice Consul (British) — John Joshua Deans, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant)— Rev. R. M. U. J. Johnson. 

Bank— Messrs. F. Mitthey el Cie., Strada Marina; London corres- 
pondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular nolis.) 

Hotel— <;rand Hotel de Catania, 

T. M.— 7s. W. 

CATTARO.— For steamers, see Table. 

A fortifieil seaport of Austria, at the S.E. eilremily of the Gulf, or ' Bocca 
" as' 16" N., Ion. 18° 46' 16" E. Pop, 
I.. — . ^ j^iij gloomy. It 




I04 Our Ocean Highways. 



has a cathedral and many chapels and churches. The harbour is one of the 
best on the Adriatic. 

For Consul (British) see Ragusa. 

T. M.— 6s. 

CAUTE RETS.— Route from London, see Tarbes; thence 

by diligence. 

A village and watering place of France, dep. Hautes Pyrenees, on a little 
affluent of the Gave do Pau, 26 m. S.S.W. of Tarbes, and 33 S.S.E. of Pau ; 
lat. 42' 51' N., Ion. d*() W. It lies 3,250 ft. above the sea, and is in proximity 
to some of the finest scenery of the Pyrenees. Its springs are thermal. 

Hotel— De la Paix. 

T. M.— 3s.4d. 

CAVALLA. — For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of Turkey, Macedonia, on the ^^gean Sea, opposite the island 
Thaso, 80 m. E.N.E. Salonica ; lat. 40*55' N., Ion. 24** 25 k. Pop. 5,00a 
It is walled, has a citadel, and export trade in cotton and tobacco. The hu'boiir 
is .small. 

Vice Consul (British) — F. A. Cartazzi, Esq. 

T. M.— 9s. 

CAVAN. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, sec 

page Hi, 77V/ Chester and Holyhead. 

A town of Ireland, co. Cavan, 85 1 m. from Dublin by the Midland Gt. 
\V. Ky. Pop. 3,100. The royal school is of ancient foundation. 

Meml)crs of Parliament — County^ Lieut. -CoL Hon. Hugh Annesley (Q, 
Tx)ndon residence, 25, Norfolk-street, Park-lane, W. Edw^ud J. SauncMTSon, 
Estj. (L). 

Hank — Provincial Bank of Ireland, William Anderson, Esq., mang. ; Lon- 
don correspondent, Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, and Co., 54, Lombard-street, E.G 

Hotel — Famham Arms. 

CAWNPORE. — For steamers, see Calcutta; thence by 
E. I. Ry., 749 m. 

A town and military station of Brit. India, N. W. provinces, on tlw 
Ganges, 38 m. S.W. Lucknow ; lat. 26* 31' N., Ion. »o* 14' E. Pop. 
113/KO. It is one of the hottest stations in India, and smothered m diHt 
six months out of twelve. Its name is imperishably connected with the 
infamous massacre of its garrison, with the wives and children of the oflioen^ 
in 1857, at the outbreak of the sepoy mutiny. 

I)ank — Bank of Upper India ; London correspondent, the Union Bank, 89 
Princcs-strcet, E.C. 

T. M.— 57s. 

CAYENNE.— For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of French Guiana, cap. of that colony, at the N.W. extremity 
of the island of same name, at the mouth of the Oyaque ; lat. 4* 50' 15* N., 
Ion. 52** 14' 45" W. Pop. 8,ooa The streets of the town are wide, strai^it, 
and clean. There Ls a handsome church, with some huge warehouses^ and 



Our Oceatt Highways. 105 

li commanded Inr a {an, which pro- 
Iter u Eihallow, bat ( ' 
acd well adapted for merchant vessels of moderate si 

CAYES. — For steamers, see Port-au-Prince. 

A sea-port of Hayli (W. Indies), on S. coasl of the island of Hsyti, or S. 
Domingo, and within its wesleni division, which forms the republic of Hayti ; 
1«I- IS'^IO' N., Ion. 73' 36' W. Pop. about 2,000, The haibout is exposed 
lo S, ajid S.E. gaie^, but there is some trade in sugar, codec, &c. ; though (as 
is the ca.se mth all the ports of this fine btit much neglected Uland), much less 
than at 3, former period. 

CAYMAN ISLANDS, see GRAND CAYMAN. 
CEARA or FORTALEZA.— For sieamets, see Table. 

A port of the mnrilimc prov. of Ceara, in the N. of Braiil, laL 3° 42' S., 
Ion. 38° 30" W. Fojj. about 5,00a The surface of the prov. risesinlheform 
«f an amphitheatre from the coast. Cotton, rice, Bugar-cane, and caoutchonc 
are indigenous, as well as medicinal plants. There is roaenilicent cattle pas- 
lorage. Among its mini-ials nre gold, iron, copper, and siul. 

Vice Consul (British)— J. W. Studait. Esq. 

lb Ilk— Lor lion and ISraiiliaii Bank (.\£ency) ; London correspondent, 
London and Bnuilian Bank, 2, Old Btoad-stieet, E.G. 

Lloyd's Agent- Messrs. Singlehunl and Co. 

CELEBES. — For steamers, see Macassar; thence by occa- 
sional steam and sailing communication. 

CENIS, MONT, see SUSA. 

CEPHALONIA. — For steamers, see Argostoli ; thence by 
local conveyance. 

One of the Ionian Tslamli, kin(pl. Greece, lying due W. of entrance of 
Gulf of I^panlo or Cortnlh. Pop. 81,000. The island, which is4oni. long, 
and from 10 lo zo m. broad, is mountainous, but very fertile in olives currants, 
and cereals. It was visited by a severe earthquake in 1S67, which caused 
great loss of life, and damage to property, estimated at /'2,ooo,ooo sterling. 
The ports of Argosloli and Lixuri {situated on opposite sides of the Bay of 
Argostoli), t.irry on the commerce of the island. The gross imports during 
(he year 1S68 amounted to i£z37,ogz, consisting of cereals, timber, colonial 
produce, cattle, furniture, &c. ; the eiports during the same year amounted to 
jCiji.IOS, ntarly half of which was for currants, which are chiefly ex [Kirtcd lo 
England. 

Bank— Ionian Hank ; London correspondent, the Ionian Bank, 31, Fins- 
bury-circus, E.C 

Lloyd'^ Agent— Me>*rs. liarfl-and Co. 

T. M.— los. 6d. 

CERIGO.— For steamere, see Table. 

The most S. of the loni; 
Eula of the Morca, at the ea; 




io6 Our Ocean Highways. 



nisi ; lat. (N. point) zf 23' N., Ion. 22** 57' 15" E. Pop. 15,000. The safest 
anchorage is at St. Nicolo, on the E. coast. Exports : olive oil and honeys 
both very superior quality. Near St. Nicolo are the ruins of the ancient city 
Cythera, and of the temple devotctl to the worship of Venus. 
T. M.— 9s. 

CERRO-AZUL.— For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of Peru, dep. Lima ; lat. 13** o' S., Ion. 78** o' W. Pop. I,ooa It 
lies S.S.K. from Callao, on the W. coast of S. America, and N. of the Chincfaa 
islands. 

CETTE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Lyons, 
Valence, Avignon, Nismes, and Montpclier. For steamers, see 

Table. 

A fortified sea-port town of France, dep. Herault, 15 m. S. W. Montpelier, 
on the railway from that place to Narbonne, and at the Metliterranean tenninus 
of the Canal du Midi; lat. 40"* 24' N., Ion. 3^" 42' E. Pop. 24,10a The 
harbour is formed by two moles, with a breakwater across the entrance. 
About 50,000 tuns of wine and 5,000 tuns of brandy arc annually exported, 
principally to Algeria. A good deal of Spanish wine is imported, for mixing. 
The imports consist principally of iron ore, sulphur, tar, grain, and staves, of 
which latter article about 200,000,000 are annually imported from the Black 
Sea, the Adriatic, and the U. States. Sardine fishing is extensively pnisned, 
and tliere arc considerable salt works. 

Vice Consul (British) — C. L. M. Retlmeyr, Es(|. 

Consular Agent (American) — L. S. Mahmeno, Esq. 

Bank — Messrs. Blonquin Fils, et Westphal ; London correspondent, the 
National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. ( Circular noUs, ) 

I-.loyd's Agents — Messrs. Bazille and Castclnau. 

T. M. -3s. 4d. 

CEYLON, see COLOMBO and POINT DE GALLB. 
CHALA. — For steamers, see Table. 

A sea-port of Peru, S. America ; lat. 15' 50' S., Ion. 74* l' W. Pop. 
2,000. 

CHALONS-SUR-MARNE.— Route from London, see 
Epemay ; thence by rail, via Jalons-les-Vignes. 

A town of France, dep. Mame, 90 m. £. by N. of Paris (107 by nilw^) 
and 24 m. S.E. of Rheims ; lat. 48* 58' N., Ion. 4" 21' E. Pop. 17,70a It licft 
in the heart of the ancient province of Champagne. The military camp, 
established in 1857, and known as the Camp of Chalons, is some miles to the 
northward, near the village of Mourmelons, on the line of railway bet wee n 
Chalons and Reims. 

War 1870-71 — Aug. 15, 1870. MacMahon, with the remains of his army 
(routed at Worth), entered Chalons, and on the 20th he commenced hb flank 
march for the relief of Mctz, through Reims and Rcthel. Occupied by the 
Germans 25th August. 

Hotel — De la Cloche. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



CHALONS-SUR-SAONE.— Route from London, by 
rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Isaii, vtA Dover, Calais, 
Paris, Dijon. 

A lown of France, dep. Sione-el- Loire, 34 m. N. Macon, 239 m. S.E. 
Paris, on the railway from Paris to Lj'ons. Pop. 30,000. It is favourabl/ 
liluated for a commercial cnlrepot, commiuiicaliiig with the Mediterranisiii 
by the great line of railway from Paris to Mareeilles, as well »s by the Rhone 
and SSone and the canals connected wiih them ; and with the North Sea by the 
Canal du Centre. 

Bank — Mr. J. Chaunt ; Ijjndon conespondeni, the National Bank, 13, 
Old Broad-slrcet. E.G. (Circular uoles.) 

Hotel — De Tnris Faisans. 

T. M._3s. 4d. 

CH AMBERY. — Route from London, see Lyons ; tlience by 
rail, vid Valence, Grenoble. 

A town of Kfaace, dep. Savoie, on a Utile stream which floH's into the 
Lake of Boui^t, 51 m. K.S.E. of Lyons, and 45 S, by W. of Goieva, from 
both of which it is accessible by railway. Pop. t8,loa There ii highly 
attractive i^ceoeiy in iU neighbourhood, and the town itself has some inter- 
ating buildings, and among others, the eastle, dating from the 13th century. 

Bank — Victor Python, Ewj. ; I.ondon correspondent, Ihc National B.ink, 
13, Old Broad-street, V.X. (C-nular nolts.) 

Hotel— De Fiance. 

T. M.-3S. 4d. 

CHAMOUNIX.^Route from London, see Geneva ; thence 

by rail to Marcigny ; thence by diligence (in the season), 

A village and Alpine valley, since i860 within French territory (dep. Haute 
.Savoie), lying at the N.W. foot of Mont Blanc, at an elevation of 3,15° ft- 
above Ihc sea. It is 40 m. S.E. of Ccneva, and 16 m. S.W. of MarliEny, 
and is readily accessible from both places ; lat. 45° 55' N., Ion. 6° 52' E. Fop. 
3,400; Chunounix is the point whence the customary visits to the many points 
of interest in connection with Mont Blanc— the Merde Glace, the Jardin, Sic— 
can be made with most facility, and il is Ihence that the ascent of the mountain 
is most frequently accomplished. 

Bank~H. Bradley, Esq. ; London correspondent, the National Bank, 13, 
Old Broad-street, E.G. (Circular nclcs.) 

Hotel — Koyal de Londres. 

T. M.— 5,-.. lo.i. 

CHANARAL.— For steamers, see Table. 

A seaport of Chili, to the N. of Caldcra ; iat. 26' 18' S., Ion. 70° 44' W. 
To the N, lies the small port of Taltal (which sec). Large quantities of co])per 
ore are shipped from this[iort, 

CHANTILLY.— Route from I.ondon, see Paris ; thence by 
the Paris and Senlis railway. 

A town of France, dep. Oise, pleasantly silualeil at a diblance of II m. N. 
of Palis, on a little affluent of the Oise ; 111. 49° 12' N. 2° 18' E. Pop. 3,300. 




io8 Our Ocean Highways. 



The domain of Chantilly was the residence of the great Cond^, many memorials 
of whom remain, though the chateau was destroyed during the early stages of 
the great revolution. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. Edw. H. Pinnock, LL.D. 

Hotel — Des Bains. 

T. M — 3s. 4d. 

CHARLESTON.— For steamers, see Tables. 

An important sea-port of S. Carolina (U. S.) seated on a low point of land 
at the confluence of the Cooper and Ashley rivers, 6 m. from the Atlantic, 1 18 m. 
N.K. Savannah, and 590 m. S.S.W. Baltimore; lat. 32*46' N., Ion. 
79" 50' ^V. Pop. 49,000. The town has a college, town hall, exchange, 
custom liousc, two arsenals, and numerous churches. The harbour is large and 
convenient, but difficult of access on account of sandbanks. The trade of 
Charleston, destroyed for a time by the civil war, is experiencing gradual 
revival. The exports from this port during the year ending August, 1869^ 
reached a total of ;^4, 603,000 ; cotton (amounting to $24,000,000) represent- 
ing; four- fifths of the whole. The imports reached the sum of j(f7f393,ooa A 
beautiful white porcelain, or kaolin clay, found in abundance near the 5i>avannah 
river, has been largely exported at 48s. per ton ; and a vast stratum of rock 
has been found, containing from 50 to 75 per cent, of phosphate of lime. 
5,000 tons of the former were exported la^t year, at about 505. per ton. (Qnt' 
sular Report^ 1 870. J 

Consul ( British)— H. P. Walker, Esq. 

Bank — Messrs. Ilighamand Co. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Herries, 
Farquhar andCo., 16, St. James*s-street, S.W. (Circular notes,) 

Lloyd's Agent— IL P. Walker, Esq. 

Hotel— Mill's House. 

T. M. — 37s. 6d. 

CHARLOTTE TO^VN (Prince Edward Island).— For 
steamers, see Quebec ; thence by local steam line. 

A commercial port of Brit. N. America, cap. Prince Edward Island, 
situated on an arm of Hillsborough Bav, a fine inlet which penetrates deqily 
into its southern coast line ; lat. 46** 15 N., Ion. 63* 7' W. Pop. 5,00a Its 
harbour is good. Prince Edward Island has an area of 2,173 ^> ™-> ^^ * 
pop. (in 1861) of 84,000. 

Consul (American) — E. P. Scanmore, Esq. 

Bank — Bank of Prince Edward Islana ; London correspondent, the 
Union Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.C. ( Circular twits, ) 

Lloyd's Agent — Henry Palmer, Esq. 

CHARTRES.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vtA Dover, Calais, Paris, Rambouillet 

An ancient town of France, dep. Eure et Loir, situated on ri\'er Emt^ 
49 m. S.W. of Paris, and 43 m. N. VV. of Orleans ; lat. 48* 27' N., Ion. I" 28^ E. 
Pop. I9>400. Its cathedral— one of the spires of which reaches 403 ft. in 
height — is among the finest in Europe. It is a great centre of the com tiade. 

War 1870-71 — Chartres occupied by the Germans, 21st Oct., 187a 

Hotel — Du Grand Monarque. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



CHATEAUDUN — Route from London by raU, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to bcxii, »((J Dover, Calais, Paris, 

A sniatl town of France, dep. Eure-el- Loir, 26 ni, S.S.W. Chartret, and 
near the r. bank of the river Loir. The old chateau of the Cotints of Dunois 
bip the vkinily. Pop. 6,776. 

War l%^<3-^\—fZAf'oatA by the Gemians afler 1 severe tight of aboul nine 
hours, in which the mobiles fought bravely, 18th Oct., 1870. Re-occupied by 
the French 6th Nov., 1870. 

Hotel — Grand Monarque. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

CHATELLERAULT.— Route from London by rail, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, xHA Dover, Calais, Paris, Orleans, 
Tours, Les Orraes. 

A town of France, dep. Vienne, 19 in. N.N.E. of Poitiers, and 4001. S. by 
W. of Tonrs; la(. 46''49'N., Ion. o" 34' E. Pop. r4,200. The mnnufacturB 
of cutleiy 15 carried on upon an extensive scale ; there is considerable trade by 
means of the Vienne, which begins to be navigable here. 

Hotel— De la Tfte Noire. 

T. M.— 3F. 4d. 

CHATHAM — Rail from London (Victoria Station), 6.50, 
7.40, 10.30, and 11.30 a-m. ; 12.30, 3.23, 4.20, 5-18, 7.15, and 
8.3s p.m. Sundays, 7.40 a.ra. ; 8.35 p.m. Fares; 5s., 3s, 6d., 
as. 6d. 

A port, military depot, and naval arsenal of England, co. Kent, on the 
E. bank of the Mcdway, 16 m. from Sheerness, JS ni. W.N.W. Canterbury, 
34i from London by the L. C. and D. Ry. ; lal. 51" 13' N., Ion. 0° 35' E. 
Pop. 36,100. The dockyard, which has been very much enlarged, is a mile 
in extent, and contains, besides ofliceis' houses, six building slips, four wei and 
one dry stone dock, store house, mast house, rope house, sail loft, Sc. The 
anenal and barracks extend more than z m. along the Medway. 

Member of Parliament — Arthur J. Otway, Esq. {L}, London residence, 9, 
Harley-slreel. W. 

Bank. — London and County Bank, O. J. Andrews, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent. London and County Bank, 21, Lombard- street, E.C. 

Holel-The Mitre. 

CHATILLON-LE-DUC, or CHATILLON-SUR- 

LOIRE- — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Gien ; thence by dili- 
gence. 

A small town of France, dep. Loiret, 13 m. S.E. Gien, and 47 ni. S.E. of 
Orle-in-. ; hi. 47° 35' N., Ion. 2" 44' E. Pop. 3,200. 

W.ir 1870-71— Germans repulsed 22nd Oct., 1870, by General Cambriels, 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

CHAUDEFONTAINE.— Route from London by rail, 
fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Brussels, 
Tirlemont, Lil-ge. 




no Our Ocean Highways. 



A village and walerinjj place of Belgium (prov. Li^ge)» charmingly situated 
in the valley of the river Vesdre, 6 m. S. E. oi Liege, and on the line of rail- 
way thence to Ver\'iers, Aachen, and Cologne. It has warm mineral i^'aters. 

Hotel — Des Bains. 

T. M.— 2s. 6d. 

CHE-FOO. — For steamers, see Shanghai; thence by local 

steam line. 

A ])ort of China (prov. Shan-tung), on the N. coast of the Shan-tung 
peninsula, and beside the channel which connects the Yellow Sea with the 
(iulf of Pe-che-lee ; lat. 37* 31' N., Ion. 121' 8' E. Its locality is accounted 
healthy, and is of frequent resort by foreign as well as native vessels. Che-foo 
has been open to foreign trade since the treaty of Tientsin in 1858 ; Teng- 
chow, the port designated in the treaty, is 30 m. to the north- westin'ard. 

Consul (British) — John Markham, Esq. 
, , ( American ) — Vacant. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Ferguson and Co. 



CHELMSFORD.— Rail from London (Bishopsgate Street), 
9.15 and 11.45 a.m. ; 3.35, 4.25 and 8.30 p.m. Sundays, 7.15, 
10.20 a.m. ; 2.45, 4.30, and 8.30 p.m. Fares : 6s., 4s. lod., 35, yd. 

A town of England, the county town of Essex, on river Chelmer, 29 m. 
from London by Gt. E. Ry. Pop. 5,500. 

Members of Parliament — Essex, South, R. B. Wingfield Baker, Ksq. (LJ, 
London residence, 2, Lowndes-squarc, S.W. Andrew Johnston, Ksq. (L), 
London residence, 16, Albert Mansions, S.W. East, James Round, Esq. (L), 
London residence, li, Belgrave-road, S.W. ; Col. S. B. B. Brisc (C), Lon- 
don residence, 19, Kensingtcm-gardens-terrace, S.W. Wfst, Sir H.J. Selwyn 
Ibbetson, liart. (L), Ix>ndon residence, 14, James-street, Buckingham-gate, 
S.W. Lord Eustace G. Cecil (C), I^ndon residence, 32, Ecdeston- 
.square, S.W. 

Hank -Ix)ndon and County Bank, C. Weedon, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, London and County Bank, 21, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— White Hart. 

CHELTENHAM. — Rail from London (Paddmgton 
Station), 6, 9.15, 10.15, and 11.45 ^-^^ > ^t 4'50f 6*20 p.in. 
Sundays, 10 a.ni., 2.30 p.m. Fares : 20s., 15s., 9s. 6d. 

* The Queen of Watering Places,* a town and pari. bor. of England, 00. 
(Gloucester, and a very fashionable place of resort, stands in a fine %-allcyt 
sheltcre<l by the Cotswold hills, through which runs the little river Chelt, 8 m. 
K.N.K. (Jloucester, and 120 m. by Gt. W. Ry. from London. Pop. 40^ooa 

Mem1>er of Parliament — Henry B. Samuelson, Esq. (L), London resideDcei 
69, Princes-gate, W. 

Hank— The National Provincial Bank of England, S. F. Sharp, Kiq., 
mang. ; London correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of Knglasd, 
112, Hi shopsgate-street- within, E.C. 

1 lotel — Queen's. 

CHEMNITZ.— Route from London, by rail, fixed mail 



Our Ocean Highaays. 



services, see pages Iv to Ixxii. via Dover, Ostend, or C:ilais, Brus- 
sels; Cologne, Frankfort, Leipzig, Gossnitz (June) 

A niEuiufaeturing Iqbti of N. Ccrmaiiy, k'mml. Haiony, silualed on (he 
Mream of Ihc Chi:miiitr, an afflueni of the MuEde nver (Elbe basin), 39 m. -S.W. 
df Uresitcn, with which— as well a& with I^ipiie anU other cities of N. Ger- 
many— il is conoecled by railway; lat. 50" 50 N., Ion. 12° 55' E. Pop. 
58,000, It hu long been distirvuishetl a« Lt great centre of the cotton manu- 
fadnre, eipecially ot cotton stockings. 

Consul (American)— Henry B, Ryder, Esq. 

Hotel— Rocmisther Kaiser. 

T. M.-6s. 

CHEPSTOW.— Rail from London {Padclington Station). 
6,9.15, 10.15, and '■-45 a.m. j 4.50, and S.io p.m. Sundays, 
10 3.m. and S. 10 p.m. Fares: z5s., i8s. 9d., iis. 9{d. 

A sea-porl of England. Monmouthshire, iSm. N. Bri<itol, ami 141! m. 
froro London by Gl. W. Ry. It is seated on Ihc slope of a hill, on the river 
Wye, near its conflaence with the river Severn. The Wye is here crossed by 
a substantial bridge. Pop 3i45o. Ship building ia - ■ - 

..r T",riL;hii(i OJ 

Co., 67, Lo'mbard-^lrcel, E.C. 
Holel— lieaufort Arms. 

CHERBOURG.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Rouen, and Caen. 
For steamers, see Tables. 

A princijKil sea-porl and fortified town of P'rance, dep. Manche, on its N. 
shore, nearly opposite the W. exitcmity of the Isle of Wight, at the bottom of 
a bay formed by Cape Levi on the E., and Ca[)e I-a Hague on its extreme W., 
185 m. W.N.W. Paris, at the terminus of the Paris and Cherboum railway ; 
lat. 49° 38' N., Ion. 1° 37' W. Pop. 37,K». Vast sums have lieeii spent 
by the French lo make this jinrl a great na^'al arsenal, and a .secure asylum 
for ships of war. The har^iour^ for merchantmen and ships of war are 
distinct. The htter, which was constructed by the Emperor Napoleon I., 
is a magnificent work. The commercial ]>orl, formed by the mouth of the 
Divettc river, consists of an outer harbour and a basin. The roadstead of 
Cherbourg is defended on all sides by batteries, and protected from northerly 
unnds by a vast artificial db^ue, or breakwater. This great work was com- 
menced by Louis XIV. in 17S4, continued by Xapolcon I., and completed by 
Napoleon 111, in 1864. 

Consul (Hri(ish) — Horace Hammond, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ 1!, C, Jolis, Ksq. 

Consular Agent (American)— Emile Postel, Esq. 

Bank— Messrs. Manf^ Freres, 4, Qua! Napoleon ; I-ondon correspon- 
dent, Messrs, Herries, Karquhar, and Co,, 16, St. James's-slreet, S.W, (Cir- 

Ltoyd's Agent— Messrs, l,e Jolis and Son. 

T. M.-3S. 4d. 

CHERCHELL — For steamers, see Tables. 




112 Our Ocean Highways. 



A port of Algeria, N. Africa, 55 m. W.S.W. Algiers ; lat, 36*35' N., loo. 
2* 16' E. Pop. 6,000. The port is shallow and exposed to N. winds, though 
protected by a rocky island. The trade, chiefly in grain, is important. IroOt 
copper, and gypsum are found in the vicinity. 

T. M.— los. 

CHESTER. — Rail from London (EustonSquare), 6.15, 6.35 
7.15, 9, and II a.m. ; 12.45, 3* ^^^ 5 P*^* Sundays, 10 a-m.; 
5, 8.25 and 9.15 p.m. Fares: 31s., 23s., 14s. lod. (PaddingtonX 
6.10 and II a.m. ; 2.30, 3.30, 6.20, and 10 p.m. Sundays, 
9 a.m. Fares as above. 

A river-port of England, co. Cheshire, on the Dee, 178^ m. distant from 
London by the L. and N. W. Ry., and 213 by the Gt. W. Ry., 84^ from 
Holyhead, 84^ from Birmingham, and 52 from Manchester; lat. 53" 12' N., 
Ion. 2" 54' W. Pop. 31,000. Chester Castle is, with the exception of one 
tower, modem ; it serves as a county gaol, barracks, shire hall, assize oourt, 
and county court. Chester possesses an iron ship building yard, tobacco and 
snuff manufactories, tan yards, smelting works, &c. A considerable number of 
sailing vessels and steamers belong to the port. 2,885 vessels, of 166,127 tons 
burden, entered and cleared the port in 1869. 

Members of Parliament — Comity^ East, William CunlifTc Brooks, Esq, (C), 
Ix)ndon residence, 5, Grosvcnor- square, W. ; William J. lA^h, Esq. (C), 
London residence, 38, IJclgrave-squarc, S.W. il/rV/, Hon. Wilbniham 
Egerton (C), London reMdence, 45, Rutland -gate, S.W. ; Major GeooigeConi- 
wal Legh (C), London residence, 6, St. James's-i)lace, S.W. ll^est^ Sir Philip 
de M. G. Egerton (C), Ix^ndon residence, 28, Albermarle-strcet ; John Tolle- 
mache, Esq. (C), lx)ndon residence, 8, St. James*s-square, S.W. Ci^^ 
Henry (recil Raikes, Esq. (C), I^ndon residence, 95, Oaslow-sqnarc, S.W. ; 
Hon. Nonnan de I'A. Grosvcnor (L), London residence, 35, Park-street, W. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England, George Henry Bramcll, £aq.» 
mang. ; London corres})ondent, the National Provincial Ikmk of Ki^laiKl« 
112, Bishopsgate-street-within, E.C. 

I lotel — The (^ueen. 

CHICAGO. — For steamers, sec New York; thence by laiL 

A town of the U.S., Illinois, at the embouchure of the Chicago river in 
the S.W. corner of I^e Michigan, 986 m. from New York, z/nl Bnfialo and 
Toledo ; lat. 42** o' N., Ion. 87" 37' W. Pop. 300,000. Tlie river divides the 
town into three portions, the principal seat of business l)eing on the S. sklc of 
the main stream. It is indebted for its wonderful development to its sitUAtioB 
and the entcrpri!>e of its inhabitants. It is the natural entrepot for the trade 
between the flourishing state of Illinois and the vast regions watered by the 
great lakes. The annual ex])orts of grain from this port amount to more than 
50,000,000 bushels, and the timber and provision trade is one of great magni- 
tude. 

Vice Consul — J. E. Wilkins, ICsq. 

Banks — H. Greenebaum and Co. ; I^nidon correspondent, the Union Bank, 
2, Princes-street, E.C. Real Estate Trust and Loan Co. ; Lon« cor., the 
Alliance Bank, Bartholomew-lane, E.C. 

I lotel — Tremont I louse . 

T. M.— 37s. 6d. 

CHICHESTER. --Rail from London (Victoria Station) 



Our Ocean Highways, 



7.45, 9.50, and 11.40 a.m. ; z, 4, and 4.55 p.m. Sundays, 6.50 
a.tn. ; 6.ao p.m. Fares : ijs. 7d., los., 5s, 6d. 

A city, cQ. of itself, ana pari. bor. of England, co. Snttex, £9 ta. fran 
London by Ihc Forttmoulh branch of the Brighton and S. Coast Ry. Pop. of 
paii. bor., S,ooo. The diy is about i| m. E, from the extreme N.K. angle of 
Ibe bay 01 irm of the sea called Chichester hacbour. 

Member of Parliament — LordK. G. C. G. Lennox (C), London residence, 
19, Grosvenor.gaidens, S. W. 

Built — London and County Bank, J. I', Beowell, Esq., mang. ; LondoD 
Gouespondetits, London and County Bank, 11, Lombord-^treeL 

Hotel— The Dolphin. 

CHIN-KIANG.— For steamers, see Shanghai; thence by 
local steam line. 

A city of China, on the Vang-t^e-kiane. 4S m. E.N.E. Nanking; lal. 
3a* 1/ N., Ion. 119° 25' E. Pop, 60,000. This city, which was destroyed ia 
the Taeping rebellion, is fast regaining prosperity. Well-built oubslantial 
luMues are everywhere springing up, and the trade of the port, which is one of 
those opened by the treaty of Tien-tsin, is rapidly iDcreasing. The imports 
consist principally of opium, oiU, sugar, sandal wood, and foreign piece-goodi ; 
the first-named drug lo the amount of three millions of laels annually, nearly all 
from India. The cspoils arc copper cash, cotton, silk, tea, &£., and have an 
annual value of about ^(Xi.ooo taels. 

Consul (British) — Frederick C. B. Harney, Esq. 
(American)— Eli T. Sheppard, Esq. 

T. M.— HIS. 6d. 

CHINCHA ISLANDS.— For steamers, see Table. 

.\ group lying off the coast of Peni, S. America, in lat. 13' 40' S., Ion. 
76° zS' W. They supplied during many years vast quantities of guano, now, 
however, well-nigh exhausted. There is a (own of the same name on the 
main land. 

Consuls— See Callao. 

CHIO, see SCIO. 

CHIPPENHAM.— Rail from London (Paddiiigton Sta- 
tion), 6, 6.50, 9.15, 10.15, ^"<' H-4S a.m. ; 2, 2.40, 4.50, and 
8.10 p.m. ; Sundays. 10a.m., 2.30 and 8.10p.m. Fares : i6s. 6d., 
I2S. sd., 7s. g^d. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Wilts, 94 m. W. London by the 
Cl. W. Ry. Pop. of pari. bor,. 7,000. of town, 1,600. A branch of the Berk- 
and Wills canal terminates in the town. 

Members of Parliament— tiabri el Gold ney. Est). (C), London residence, 
40, Hill-street, Berkeley-square, W, 

Bank— Wilts and Dorset Banking Company, Broome Pinniget, iisq., 
mang. ; Ijintion correspondent, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lutb- 
bury, E.C. 

Hotel— The Angel. 

CHITTAGONG, or ISLAMABAD — Forsteamers. sec 
Bombay ; thence by B. I. S, N. Co.'s steamers, see Tables. 




114 Our Ocean Highways. 



A town and port of lirit. India, prov. Bengal, cap. of district of 
name, situated at the outlet of the Kumimfoolec river into the Bav of Bennl, 
230 m. E. by S. of Calcutta ; lat. 22° 23' N., Ion. 91' 54' E. It hasconsiaer- 
able commercial activity, numerous native vessels resorting thither for rice, salt, 
&c. Ship building is carried on. The district of Chittagong extends between 
the parallels of 21"* and 23% or about 120 m. in the direction of N. and S., 
with a 1>rcadth varying from 25 to 50 m. ; its inland frontier is marked by a 
little-known range of mountains. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Bullock, Brothers, and Co. 

T. M.— 57s. 

CHRISTCHURCH.— Rail from London (Waterloo Sta- 
tion), 8.10 and 1 1. 15 a.m. ; 12.41 and 5.15 p.m. ; Sundays, none. 
Fares: 23.S. 4d., i6s. 4d., 9s. 4d. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Hants, 112 m. S.W. London by L 
and S. W. Ry. Pop. of pari. bor. 9,300. It is situated at the confluence of 
the Avon and Stour. 

Mcml)cr of Parliament — lulmund Haviland Burke, Ksq. (L), Ijondon resi- 
dence, 13, Arlington-street, S.W. 

Bank — Wilts and Dorset Banking Company, Henry Stokes, Ksq., mang. ; 
London corresiwndent, the I^ndon and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbuiy, E.C. 

Hotel — The King's Arms. 

CHRISTCHURCH (New Zealand).— For steamers, sec 
Aiic:kland ; thence by local conveyance to Port Lyttelton ; thence 

by rail. 

\ town of New Zealand, cap. prov. Canterbury (S. Island) ; lat. 43* 28' S., 
Ion. 172' 40' K. It lies about 5 m. inland from the shore of Pegasus Bay, an 
arm of the Pacific, and is separated from Lyttelton, its port, by an intervening 
mountain ridge, through which a railway is now carried. Pop. 7,000. 

Banks — The Bank of New South Wales, W. S. Robinson, Esq., mang. ; 
lx)ndon correspondent, the Bank of New South Wales, 64, Old Brood-streeL 
Bank of New Zealand (IBranch); Ix)n. cor., the Bank of New Zealand, 50^ Old 
Broad-street. 

CHRISTIANIA.— Route from I^ndon by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, rid Dover, Calais, Brassels« Cologne, 
Hanover, Hamburg, Altona, and Kiel ; thence by steamer to 
Copenhagen ; thence by rail to Elsinore, and cross over to Hel- 
singborg into Sweden ; thence by rail to Jonkoping and Gotten- 
burg ; thence by steamer to Christiania. Or, from Jonkoping, by 
rail to Ackersund, from whence the line of rail to Christiania is 
in process of formation. For steamers, see Table. , 

A sca-i)ort and cap. of Norway, on the A^er, at the extremity of a 
deep fionl, 162 m. S.K. Bergen, 242 m. S. by K. Drontheim, and 255 m. W. 
by N. Stockholm ; lat. 59° 54' N., Ion. lo* 45' E. Pop. 66,ooa It is the 
central ]mint of such railway communication as Norway yet possesses, lines 
extending thence in a northwardly direction up the \'alley of^the Glommen 
river, and to the shore of the Miofien l^ke. A much more extensive line, to 
connect Christiania with the Swedish capital, was to be completed hy the end 
of last year. 



Postal^Ltllcrs from EnKlonH to Norway, vi^ Denmitk, not eiceeding 
(oi. 6d., I oi. IE. ; itpslT. tie 41I. ; ncw!ipa.per>, 4 at,, $d. Vii Hviedea, nol 
cxceedinc 1 01. 6d., 1 (u. ti, : regisir, fee^d. ; newspitpcn, 401., jd. ViA 
Fnuice, nol ciic««ling t 02, is. ad., |oi. 31. 4d., i o;;. 35. 6d. : legistr. fee 
IS. 2d. -j) Dz. ; newspapen, 4 01., id. Money onlera are issued, vmich ore 
RvaiUble. 

Money — The sovereign = 4I specie dalcre ; I speciedaler = 4s. sld- 1 Ihe 
1> i' ^1 '""' "ts ipKie daler pieces are worth re^ectively zs. zfd., io{d., 
Sld., and 3(d. ; the copper coins arc i, I, and i (killing pieces, worth J, j, 
and fd. There are no gold coins, bul bank notes of from i specie daler to 50, 
irhicn may be exchanged for silver at the bank al a, loss of 10 per cent 

Weights, &c. — Snme as in Denmark, 

Consul General (British)— J. R. Crowe. Esq., CB. 

Vice Consul „ Charles SL John, Esq. 

Consul (American t---G. Code, Esq. 

Clergymim (Prolestanl)— Rev. S. Bryan Crowlher, B.A, 

Banks — Carl Cluistensen, Esq. ; London correspondent, the National Bonk, 
13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Cirdilar Hota.) Christiania Credit Bank ; Lon. 
eor., Messrs. Barings Brothers and Co., 8, BishopsE'le-slreel-wilhin, t.C. 
( Circular Huta. ) 

IJoyd's Agent — Messrs. Winger and Co. 



CHRISTIAN SAND. —For steamers, see Table. 

A town and port of Norway, cap. prov. same name, near (he S. eittemity 
of the country, at the outlet of the Torridal intoan arm of the Skager-rack, 
160 m. S.W. of Christiinia ; lat. 58° 6' N.. lor. 7° 59' E. Pop. lo,3oo. It 
has a deep and sheltered harbour, and considerable trade in the export of timber 
and lobsters — (he latter to the London market. 

Vice Consul (British)— Jacob Morsch, Esq. 

Consular Agent (American)— O, C. Remhardl, Esq. 

Bank— Jacob Miirsch, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — Jacob Morsch, Esq. 

T. M.— 5-. 

CHRISTIAN SUN D.— Route from London, see Christian- 
sand ; thence by local water conveyance. 

A port of Norway, situated on some islets immediately adjoining the W. 
toast. 86 m. W. by S. of Dron(heim, and no m. N.N.E. of Beigen -, lat. 6j° 
8' N., Ion. 7" 50' E, Pop. about 3,000. The harbour is nearly lnnd-lockt<l ; 
its chief trade is in dried fish, exported (o (he markets of southern Europe. 

Vice Consul (Urilish)— John Allen, Esq. 

Consul (American)— See Chrisliansand. 

Lloyd's Agent- John Allen, Esq. 

T. M,— 

CHRISTIANSTED— See SANTA CRUZ. 
CHRISTOPHER, ST.— See ST. KITTS. 
CINCINNATI.— For steamers, see New York ; thence by 
rail. 

h 2 




ii6 Our Ocean Highways. 



A to'M'n of the U. States, cap. of Ohio, on the Ohio, and at the focus of 9 
lines of railway ; lat. 39'' 6' N., Ion. 84" 27' W. Pop. 216,000. Thecitylie^ 
pleasantly situated in a valley, nearly surrounded by gently sloping hiUs, and 
extends for three miles along the river. The streets are well paved and lighted, 
and the houses well built. City hall, court house, observatory, masonic hall, 
Cincinnati College, and United States Building, are the chi^ edifices. The 
.suspension bridge across the Ohio is a magnificent structure. Manufiictures 
and trade are important ; iron works, pork-packing factories, and distilleries 
abound. The total arrival of steamers at the port is nearly 5>ooo^ Cincinnati 
being the largest pork market in the Union, besides having an extensive trade 
in iron, cabinet work, and cotton and woollen stuffs. 

I^nk — Messrs. Gilmore, Dunlop, and Co. ; I^ndon correspondent, the 
Union Bank, 2, Princes-street, K.C. (Circular notes.) 

Hotel — Burnet House. 

T. M.--37S. 6d. 

CIRENCESTER. — Rail from London (PaddingtOD 
Station), 6, 9.15, 10.15, ^^^ ii*45 ^-i^- \ ^1 A'S^y 6.20, and 8.10 
p.m. Sundays, 10 a.m., 2.30 p.m. Fares : i6s. 8d., 12s. 6d. 

7s. I id. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Gloucester, 95 m. from London by 
Ct. W. Ry. Pop. of pari. bor. 6,300. It is situatctl on the river Chuni and 
a branch of the Thames and Se\'cm canal. 

Member of Parliament — Hon. Allen A. Bathurst (C), London residence, 3, 
Grosvenor Crescent, S.W. 

Bank — County of Gloucester Bank (Branch), Joseph Smith, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent, Messrs. Bametts, Hoarc, Hanlnirj's, and Llo}'d\ o2, 
Lombard -street, E.C. 

Hotel — The Queen's Head. 

CIVITA VECCHIA.— Route from London by rail, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to \x\n,7'td Dover, Calais, Paris, Lyons, 
St. Michel, Susa, &c. For steamers, see Table. 

A fortified sea-port town of Central Italy, on the Mediterranean, 38 m. N.W. 
Rome, of which it is the port ; lat. 42' 6' N., Ion. 1 1* 44' E. Pop. 15,00a 
Its imj^orts consist chiefly of cotton, woollen, silk and linen stuffs, colonial pro- 
duce, &c. ; its exports of timber, com, cheese, potash, alum, &c 

Consul (British) — ^J. T. I^we, Esq. 

Bank — Messrs. I^we Freres ; London correspondent, the Natiooal 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. ( Circular notes. ) 

Lloyd's Agent — ^John T. lx>we, Esq. 

Hotel— L'llalia. 

T. M.--7S. 6d. 

CLACKMANNAN.— For co. members, see KINROSS. 

CLARE.—Forco. members, see ENNIS. 

CLERMONT. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Lx.xii, via Dover, Calais, Paris, and Nevers. 
A city of France, dep. I'uy-de-Dome, 82 m. W. Lyons, and ao8 in. S. by 



Our Ocean Highways. 



E. Paris, on Ihc railway from Bourges lo Lc Fuy ; lat. 45° 46' N., Ion. 3° ^V,. 
Pop. 37,600. The city is (ioely situated on an etnioence, and suirounded l>y no 
amphilheatre of mountains. The cathedral, (he com aod lineo hoUs, college. 
Hotel Dien, a library, and a thcalre, are iln principal buildings. Being on the 
great line of communication between Bonteaui and Lyons, there is coniitder- 
able trade. There are numeraiu warm dialybeole springb here. 

War 1S70.71 — Occupied by the Germani, after a sharp engagement, 17th 
■September, 1870. 

Bank — Me&srs. Blanc and I^comlie. 

Hotel— De la Paix. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

CLEVES. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages iv to Ixxii, i'i& Dover, Calai.s or Ostend, Brussels, Cologne, 
Crefcld. 

A town of Prussian Germany (Rhine Prov.), 3 m. distant from Ihe 1. bonk 
of the Rhine, and a little more than that distance from Ifac Dutch frontier ; Ut. 
51° 47' N., Ion. 6' 7' E. Pop. 9,300. It has some interesting memotials of 
the former Duke<t of Clever who in Ihe l6th century gave England a (jueen. 
The surrounding country, though lint, is rendered nttractive by its careful cul- 



CLITHEROE.— Rail from London (St. Pancras), 8, 10, 
1 1 .45 a.m. ; 8.35 p.m. Sundays, none ; or by Gt. N: Ry. {King's 
Cross), 8, 10, 12 a.m. Fares: 3gs., i8s. tjd., i8s. 4d, 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Lancaster, 188 m. N.W. by N. 
Ixindon, by Midland Ry. Pop. of pari, bor., to,Sooj of town, 7,000, A 
minerul :ipa near the town i!>much resorted to. 

Member of Parliament — Ralph Assheton, ELsq. (C), London residence, 
II, Quecn's-gate-place, W. 

Bank — Mes,srs. Alcocks, Birkbeck and Co. (Branch) ; London cor- 
respondent, Messrs. Dimsdale, Powler, Barnard and Dimsdale, 50, Cocnhill, 
E.C. 

Hold— The -Swan. 

CLONMEL. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, '.-ia Chester and Holyhead. 

A town and jiarl l)or. of Ireland, co. Tippcrary, 90 m. from Dublin, on the 
Limerick and WaterfonI liy. Pop. 11,700. The town is well situated for 
inland trade, and there ia an extensive salmon fishery in the neighbourhood. 

Members of Parliament— Coww/y Tipptrary, Capt. Hon. C. While (L), 
I,ondon residence, 7, Mineia-strcel, Chester-square, S.W. ; Denis Caulfield 
Heron, E.sq. (L}, London residence, Westminster Palace Hotel, S.W. 
Clanmrl, John Bagwell, Ei^q. (L), London residence, Reform Club, S. W. 

Bank — Branch of the National Bank. James Gill, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, the National Bank, II, Old Broad-street, E.C, 

Hotel— Glissan's, 



COBIJA.— For steamers, see Table. 




ii8 Our Ocea7i Highways. 



The only recognised sea-port of Bolivia, on the Pacific, on an open roadrtcad ; 
lat. 22** 34' S., Ion. 70** 17' 5" W. Pop. 4,000. It stands upon the beach, at 
the foot of a lofty range of hills. The landing-place is bad, owing to the 
heavy surf, but the harbour affords tolerably good anchorage. The pio s perity 
of Cobija is due to the mines of the district ; the quantity of copper shipped 
here being about 30,000 tons annually. 

Vice Consul (British) — H. Baillie, Ksq. 
„ (American) — 

COBLENTZ. — Route from London by raU, fixed mail 
.services, sec pages Iv to Ixxii, tnd Dover, CaJais, Brussels, and 
Cologne. 

The Confluentes of the Romans, a town and fortress of Prussian Gennany, 
Rhine prov., on the railway from Cologne to Mayence. Pop. (exclusive of 
military) 24,000. The town is beautifully situated on a point of land at the 
confluence of the Rhine and Moselle. On the opposite bank of the Rhine 
is the fortress of EiiRENBREiTSTEiN, communicating with Coblentz by a bridge 
of boats nearly 500 ft. in length. The view from the summit of the fortress is 
splendid. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. J. C. Pocock. 

Bank- -Messrs. A. Jordan, 15, Schloss Rondell ; London correspondent, 
the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (CircMlarnotes.) 

Hotel — Ricsen. 

T. M.— 6s. 

COBURG. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, or Ostend, Brussdsi 
Cologne, Eisenach. 

A town of Germany, cap. duchy Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, prettily situated is 
the valley of the little river Itz, an affluent of the Main, 103 m. £. by N. of 
Frankfort ; lat. 50** 15' N., Ion. lo"* 58' K. Pop. 11,40a It possencs spccal 
interest from the connection of its ducal house with the royal family of £i^[Uuid. 
The ancient ducal castle, on an eminence overlooking the town, was once die 
residence of Luther. 

Bank — Messrs. Schmidt 'and Hoffmann ; London correspondent^ the Ni" 
tional Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circuhrnotes,) 

I lotel — Goldner I>>we. 

T. M.-- 6s. 

COCHIN. — Route, for steamers to Madras, see Table; nil 
from Madras to Shoranoor, 20 hours; dak to Trichoor, 8 houis; 
water (rowing boat) to Cochin, 10 hours; dist firom Shoranoor xail- 
way station to Cochin, 60 m. ; for local steam conveyance between 
Bombay, Galle, Calcutta, and Cochin direct, see Table. 

A port of Brit. India, next to Bombay, the most eligible port on the Mali- 
bar coast. It is 150 m. N.W. Cape Comorin, 80 m. S.S.E. CalicQt, and 355 
m. .S.W. MadnL<i; lat. 9" 58' N., Ion. 76"* i^V £. Pop. Enropean* 134; 
East Indian and Native Christian, 6,804; Hindu, 2,996; Mnssidman, It 156; 
Jews, 25 — total, 11,115. The British territory occnpies a space of a s(|aait 
miles. 



Our Ocean High-ax^s. 



Physician— J. E. Whillon, M.B. and B.A. in cha^e. 
Bank — Brandi of Madras, A. Bcny, Esq., mang. 

Lloyd's Agenis — I'ierce, Leslie, and Co. ; London correspondent, John 
CainpbcJl and Co. 

T. M. — lo wonls. includinfi address, 37s, 

COCKERMOUTH.— Rail from London (Eos ton Square) 
9 a.m. and 9 p.m. Sundays, none. Fares ; $f>s. gd., 41s. gd., 
ass. ad. 

A town and paiL bor. ol England, co. Cumberland. 319 m. from London 
by L. and N. W. Ry. Pop. of pari, bor., 7,000. It is situated U the confln- 
ence of the Derwent and Cocker rivers. 

Member of Parliament — Isaac Fletcher, Esq., (L), London residence, 
Weslminsler Pakce Hotel. S.W. 

Bank —Cumberland Union Bank ; London Correspondent, the Nationtl 
Bant, 13. Old Broad-streel, E.C. 

Jlotcl-The Globe. 

COCON ADA — For steamers, sec Madras ; thence by local 
steam line. 

A port of British India, Madras pre*., on Bay of Bengal, near moulh of 
river Gudavery, 9 m, N. of Coringa, and 560 m, S.W. of Calculla ; laL. 16° 58" 
N., Ion. 82" 19' E. 

Bank— Chartered Mercantile Bank of India, London and Cbina, W. R. 
Robertson, Esq. mang. ; London correspondent. Chartered Mercantile Bank of 
India, London and China, 61, Old Broad-street. 

T. M.-57S. 

COCOS.— (Uninliabited). 

An island of the N. Pacific, about 400 m. W. of the coast of New Granada, 
in S. America ; lal. (Chatham Bay) 5° 32' 57" N. Ion. 86' 58' 23" W. It is 
about 30 m. in circumference, has an elevated surface, tiecoming visible al sea 
at the distance of 60 ro., and is abundantly supplied with excellent water. 
Wild pigs are numerous, and the sea around Ihe shores teems wilh fish. In 
Chatham Bay, on the N. E. side of the island, there is good anchorage in 14 
fathoms. The Pacific whalers frequently call al this island for fresh water. 

COEPANG.— For steamers, see Batavia ; thence by occa- 
sional steamer or sailing vessel, 

A sea-port on the island of Timor, Malay Archip., N.W. of Australia ; 
lat. 10° .S,, Ion. 126° E, The settlement belongs to Ihe Dutch, and lies in the 
•S.W. part of the island. It is a free port, and much frequented by v haleis 
and homeward bound vessels. The harbour is defended by a fort called Con- 

COLC HESTER. —Rail from London (Bishopsgate Station) 
9.15 and 11-45 ^■™-' 3-35i 4-'5> ^""^ 8.30 p.m. Sundays, 7.15 
a,m., 830 p.m. Fares : 105. 6d., 8s. 6d., 6s, 3d, 

A river-port and pari. bor. of England, co. Essei, 5li m. by Gt. E. Ry. 
from London; lat. 5' 53'N., Ion, 0° 53' E, Pop, 33,800. The town sunds 
on the declivity of a hill, rising from the Colne, which cuts off a small suburb. 




I20 Our Ocean Highways, 



Its coasting trade is extensive, the imports being chiefly colonial produce and 
home manufactures. The oyster fishery of the river has long been celebimted. 
887 vessels, of 52,726 tons burden, entered and cleared the port in 1869. 

Members of Parliament — Dr. William Brewer, (L), London rendenoe^ 
21, George-street, Hanover-square, W. ; Lieut. -CoL Alexander Learmoath (C)^ 
London residence, 93, Eaton-place, S.W. 

Bank — I^ndon and County Bank, G. Thomas, Esq., mang.; Londoo cor- 
respondent, London and Coimty Bank, 21, Lombard-street. 

Hotel — Red Lion. 

COLERAINE. — Route from London by Irish mail trains^ 
see page lii, vid Chester and Holyhead. 

A town and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Londonderry, 47 m. from Beliast 
by the Belfast and Portrush Ry. ; is situated on the river Bann. Pop. of pari« 
bor. 5,600. Exports: com, meal, provisions, and fine linens. 702 ve»els» 
of 106,330 tons burden, entered and cleared the port during the vear 1869. 
8 m. N. E. Colcrainc is Bushmills, a little town noted for its extensive whisky 
distilleries. 

Memlx:r of Parliament — Sir \l. H. Bruce, Bart. (C), London residencet 
7, Portman-square, W. 

Bank --Branch of Provincial Bank of Ireland, William Rowand, Esq., 
mang. ; I^ondon correspondent, Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, and Co., 54, Lom- 
banl-street, E.G. 

Lloyd's Agent — ^John A. Smith and Co. 

COLLO. — For steamers, see Table. 

A town of Algeria, prov. Constantine, 68 m. W. Bona, on bay of fame 
name. The harbour is only accessible to vessels of small tonnage. I^L 
36" 57' N., Ion. 6* 28' E. Pop. 3,000. 

COLMAR. — Route from London, see Strasburg; thence 

by rail. 

A city of (lermany. Upper Alsace (form. dep. Haat-Rhin), 00 a littk 
affluent of the river 111, 40 m. S.S.W. of Strasburg; lat. 48*5' N., Ion. T^ai* 
E. Pop. 23,600. Colmar was united to France by the treaty of Ryswick, 1697, 
and became the seat of the Sovereign Council of Alsace. The treaty whidi 
concluded the Franco-German war of 1870- 1, reunited it to Germany, after the 
lapse of nearly two centuries. 

War 1870-71 — It was occupied by the Germans 14th Sep., and again 5th 
Oct., 1870, in whose hands it remains. 

Hotel — Zum Weisen Ross. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

COLOGNE (Germ. KOLN).— Route from London, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, jnd Dover, Calais, and 
Brussels. 

A city of Prussian Germany, on L bank of Rhine, and at the juncdoa 
of the great lines of railways from Berlin to Paris, and from Amsterdam to 
Frankfort-on-thc-Main ; lat. 50* 58' N., Ion. 6*s/E. Pop. l2^,ooa It is 
one of the most flourishing cities in Germany, and is connected hw a railway 
bridge, and also by a bridge of boats, with the town of Deutz on toe opposite 
side of the river. It is well built in the form of a crescent, dose to the 
water, and is strongly fortified. The walls have a number of towen» and fom 



Our Ocean Highways. 



a circuit of oeaily seven miles, includii^ a «pace laid out in promenades and 
girdens. The principal building ia tbe cathedial, began about the year 1248* 
and only now approachinE completion. The mannfectures arc importani ; 
they consist principally of cotton yam, stuffs, woollen stockings, bonnets, silki, 
velvets, lobucco, soap, bats, lace, thread, &c. At Gremberg, in the vicinity (^ 
Cologne, 8,000 French prisoneri were tnterned Nov. 1870. 

Clc^yroantProlestant)— Rev, F. D. Rabbits, M.A. 

Buik^i — Messrs. J. D. lie^stalt ; L.ondon correspondent, the National Bank, 
13, Old Broad -street, E.C. ( Circular neUs. } Messre. Solomon Oppenheim 
■ " ■ . cor., the Continental Bank, 79, Lombard-stieet. (Cireular 



Bttl.) 

iiote] 



Hotel— De Holland. 
T. M.-65. 

COLOMBO.— For steamers, see Point de Galle ; thence by 
local conveyance. 

A sea-poit town of Ceylon and its modem capital ; tat. 6° 55' N., Ion. 79' 
45' E. Pop. 70,000. Tlie town has a fort, wbich contains the residences of the 
governor and roost of the British inhabitants ; the imlive Ceylonese reside 
chiefly in the suburbs. Besides iu bay for small vessels, Colombo has an open 
raodstcad, which is, however, onl^ sale during the U.S.. monsoon. The town 
is the dep6t for nearly all the foreign trade of (he island, being placed in the 
cenirr of the cinnamon country. A railway, 79 ni. in length, connec Is Colombo 
with Candy. 

Postal— Letters to Ceylon by British packet, not eicee«ding \ 01. is., 1 01. 
3S. li oz. 3s. ; regislr. fee 4d., newspapers, 4 oz., 4d. Vtd Brindisi, not ex- 
ceeding 1 01. 9d., I az. IS, 6d., ll at. is. 3d. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 
4 01., id. Vid Southampton, not exceeding \ at. Qd., 1 oz. is. 6d., i( 01. 
3s. 3(1. ; registr. fee4d. ; newspapers, 40Z., 3d. By French packet, not exceed- 
ing t oz. IS. id., I oz. 2s. 2d., li oz. 3s. 3d. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 
4 oz., 3d. Money orders are issued, which are available. 

Money, &c. — Accounts are kept in English pounds, shillings, and pence. 
The currency of Ceylon consists of government paper at par. There are rupees, 
3S. ; rix-dollars, is. 6d. ; and stivars and fanams ; 12 of the latter = 1 rix- 
doUar. 

Bank — Oriental Bank Corporation ; I,ondon correspondent, Oriental Bank 
Corporation, The Baltic, Thread needle -street, E.C. 

Lloyd'? Agent— Messrs, A. and K, Crowe and Co. 

T. M.— y-d Turkey, 6ls. 

COLON.— See ASPINWALL. 

COLORADO CITY (State of Colorado, U.S.) — For 
steamers, see New York ; thence by rail. 

Lie'; amongst the easlem spurs of the Rocky Mountains, 64 m. S. of 
Denver ; lal. 38° 51' N., Ion. 104° 50' W. It is one amongst the many recent 
and fast growing settlements, within the. vast middle region of the N. American 

"'"t"m.-45^ 

COMAYAGUA. — For steamers, see Acajutla; thence 
by land conveyance. 

An inland city of central America, Hondaras, 186 ni. £, Guatemala, on 




122 Our Ocean Highways. 



the Sirano, flowing to the Pacific Ocean ; lat. 14"* aS' N., Ion. ^Td^ W. 
Pop. 20,000. It 1ms a fine church, college, several convents, &a Toe di»» 
trict is famed for a superior breed of cattle. 

COMO. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services^ see 
pages Iv to Ixxiiy vid Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Macon, Am- 
berieu, Mont Cenis, Susa, Turin, and Milan. 

A city of N. Italy, at the S. W. extremity of the Lolce of Como, 23 m. 
N.N.W. Milan, with which it Is connected by rail ; lat 45** 4S' N., Ion. 9* 9' E. 
Pop. 19,000. The depth of the lake varies from 40 to 600 ft. ; its broiBdest 
part is about 3 m. Its picturesque banks are studded with villas, wiawM^f^ 
and palaces. There Ls a brisk tnule with the Swiss cantons and Gemumj, ml 
the lake. 

Hotel — Corona. 

T. M. — 7s. 6d. 

COMPIEGNE.— Route from London by rail, fixed mill 
services, see pages Iv to bcxii, vid Dover, Calais, and Amiens. 

A town of France, den. Oise, on the river of same name, 5a m. bjr tsSSl 
from Paris (four trains dauy), on the railway from Paris to St. Qnentin ; laL 
49** 25' N., Ion. 2** 50' E. Pop. 12,100. Its rojral palace was commenoed by 
Louis XV., and renovated by Napoleon I. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. William Lewis Mason. 

Hotel — De France. 

T.M.— 3s. 4d. 

CONSTANCE.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, or Ostend, Brus- 
sels, Cologne, Mayence, Schaffhausen. 

An ancient city of Germany (though Swiss by position), giand-diidij ef 
Baden, situated on the Lake of Constance, on the S. .shore of the Gbunel 
leading into its westerly extension, known as the Untersee, 73ni. E. by N. of 
B41e, and 95 m. N. £. of Bern ; lat. 47*" 40' N., Ion. 9" 9' £. Pop. ^fiOX 
It was a former free city of the German empire, and is distinguished E^ BUUf 
notable incidents of history — foremost amongst them as the seat of the haia» 
ecclesiastical council which condemned Huss, and his associate Jerane of 
Prague, to the flames, in 141 5. The Lake of Constance, 40 m. long^ hj 4& 
to 9 m. broad, lies at an elevation of 1,306 ft. above the sea, and Km a aw 
mum depth of 1,027 ft* 

Bank— Messrs. Macaire et Cie., 873 i Tile ; London correspondent, Ite 
National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular noies,) 

Hotel — Brochet. 

T. M. — 6s. 

CON STANTINE.—For steamers, see PhilippeviUc; thenoe 

by diligence. 

An inland city of Algeria, N. Africa, occupying the summit of a loAf 
rock, which on all sides but one is begirt by a deep ravine, the bed of the liw 
Rummel, 200 m. K. by S. of Algiers, and 22 m. S.S.W. of Philippevfllc^ Alt 
nearest point on the Mediterranean coast ; lat. 36" 20I' N., Ion. 6* 3o E. TW 



Our Ocean Highways. 



prov. of Conslanline, of which it is the oipild, hid in 1S70 a pop. of 137,000, 
of whom 74,000 were MohammecUns, anil 7,800 Jews. 

Hotel— De France. 

T. M.— 8s. 

CONSTANTINOPLE.— Route from London by rail, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, 7'i& Dover, CaJais, Vienna, and 
Trieste. For steamers, see Table. 

A city and sea-port of Turlte)', and cap. of the Tuckish dominions. It 
occupies ^ promontory at the junction of the Sea of Mannora vrith the Bos- 

Jhoras, being uparated from its suburts by the tiarbour, called the Golden 
[on ; lat. 41' o' N., Ion. 38° 59' E. Pop. Soo,ooo. It i>> built on acveo hills, 
each aC whidi afTords a site to some conspicuouii edifice. Thu amphitheatre of 
hills, with its inniunerable cupolas and minarel*. intmpeised with cypresses, 
and its port, has a most imposing effect, to which the intcTior rorms a tameat- 
able contrast. The streets are narrow, crooked, ill-paved, and diit]r ; the 
houses arc mostly small and low ; the palaces, mo.<^ues, bagiuos, bazaars, 
khans, &C., make a splendid show from a distance. It is defended on the W. 
ade 1^ walls, and on the outside by a ditch. In the S.W. ofthedty is the 
castle of seven loweis, built about the year 1.000, and now the tenninus of a 



surmounled by a dome. The two olher principal mosques are those of Soly- 
man the Magnificent, and Achmel, The largest space m the city is the horse- 
course or hippodrome, containing some ancient sculptore. All the water for 
the city comes from Belgrade, a village to the N. E. There are many sub- 
terranean cisterns 1 the chief are contiguous to the hippodrome. The fountaimi 
are uniformly square, with a leaden roof, and generally gilded. The public 
baths are mostly of marble, and their interior spacious and handsome. Con- 
stantinople is not a roanufaduring place, nor is it productive in its immediate 
ncinity. For many miles around, the soil is poor and ill -cultivated, and it js 
diflicalt to discover the sources of livelihood of the large population. What 
prosperity Constantinople possesses is due to its being the seat of the Supreme 
Government, and to its being a port of call for the large Heel of merchant 
vessels coming from the Danube and Aioff with cereals. They ship stores 
here, and the enormous number of steamers continually passing and repas.si[K 
induce a large trade in coal. Against less than 100 Britiah vessels whi<£ 
entered the port in 1865, more than 700 entered last year. A Urge business in 
Manchester goods is carried on, Greek merchants principally distributing 
these goods into the interior. The trade of p>ats'-hair, chiefly from Angora, 
is getting into British hands. There is a prosperous business on the Bos- 
phorus, Dardanelles, and Danube, by tug-boats, nearly all of which are con- 
structed in Kngland, and many of ihcm owned and managed by Knglish- 
men. The tonnage of vessels entered and cleared for 1868 was 463,078. 

I'oslal — Letters to Constantinople, 7'id Belgium and Vienna, not eiceedinc 
Aoz 6d , I oz. IS. ; registr. fee 4d, ; newspapers, 401.. 4d. Vii Belgium 
• 'inslo!. M. , „,..-f-..j ■?- . 



Trieste, not exceeding ioi. 6d., 1 01. is. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers. 401., 
id, Vid Belgium and Belgrade, not eiceeding i 01. 6d., I 01. Is. ; r<^slr. 
iee^. ! newspapers, 401., 41!. ViA Marseilles, by French packet, not exceed- 
ing ioi. 8d., I 01. I*. 4d-. itoi- 2S. ; registr. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 401., 3d. 
Money orders are issued, which are available. 



t 




124 Our Ocean Highways. 



Money— IS. = 112 piastres ; I piastre (copper) = 40 paras, or 2|d. ; i para 
: 3 aspies = ^d. ; i mejidie (gold) = 100 piastres = 1 8s. ; 20 piastres (silver) 
= 3s. 6(1. 

Consul General (British) — Sir Philip Francis. 

1st Vice Consul ,, F. Guarraimo, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, C. A. Cookson, Esq. 

Consul (jeneral (American) — ^J. H. Goodenow, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, James Garguilo, Esq. 

Clergymen (Protestant) — Rev. C. B. Gribble, B.A. ; Rev. Charles Geor^ 
Curtis, M.A. ; Rev. Dr. Kailler; Rev. S. C. Newman ; Rev. Charles Philip 
Tilcy. 

Banks — Imperial Ottoman Bank ; London correspondent, the Imperial 
Ottoman Bank, 4, Bank-buildings, E.C. Messrs. C. S. Hanson and Ca; 
Ix)n. cor., the Continental Bank, 79, Lombard-street, E.C. ( Circular n9ta.) 

Lloyd's Agent — Charles H. Hanson and Co. 

Hotel — I)' Angleterrc. 

T. M.--9S. 

COPENHAGEN.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne^ 
Hanover and Hamburg; thence by rail to Lubeck, and by 
steamer to Copenhagen. Or, by rail to Kiel ; thence by steamer 
to Korsocr ; thence by rail to Copenhagen. For steamers, sec 
'Jable. 

Copenhagen (Dan., Kiobmhavn^ merchants' haven), cap. of Denmark, and 
one (jf the finest cities of Northern Europe, lies upon the E. coast of ZeaUnd; 
lat. 55" 40' N., Ion. 12" 34' E. Pop. 162,000. The town is well fortified; the 
ramparts arc flanked with bastions, and surrounded by a deep ditch. It is also 
defended by a strong citadel, and by the "Three Crowns" battery, at the en- 
trance of the port. Amongst the principal buildings, the castle of Chiistians- 
ix)rg, with a fine collection of pictures and royal library, is the most note* 
worthy. In the centre of the new town, called Amalienborg, in which is the 
palace of the king, is a bronze equestrian statue of Frederick V., erected by 
the E. 1. Company. The royal palaces of Rosenborg and Charlottenboig, the 
university, the town house, the theatres, the exchange, and the barracks, are all 
structures of great architectural merit. The church of Our Lady (Frae Kirke) 
is reckoned the finest in the town ; the educational, literary, and scientific insti- 
tuions of Copenhagen reflect infinite credit on the government and the people. 
Thorwaldscn's Museum contains casts of all the works of that great sculptor. 
With the exception of distilleries, of which there are several hundred, the 
manufactures of Copenhagen are unimportant. The imports consist of tobacco^ 
rice, wines and brandy, coal, cotton and woollen stuffs, colonial produce, flax, 
hcmj), &c. ; the ex}X)rts of grain, hides, and cattle. The entrance to the har- 
bour is narrow, but the water sufficiently deep to admit the largest men-of-war. 
There arc dry docks, and ever^ facility for the repairing and Imilding of shim, 
it 1)eing the station of the Danish navy. Hie customs duties of Copenhagen Mr 
the financial year ending March 31, 1869, amounted to 4,733,345 rigs daleis; 
the quantities of coal and iron, the two most important articles of importatXMif 
were 220,000 tons and 10,000 tons respectively. The chief exports were : flov, 
54,000,000 lbs. ; com, 73,000 qrs. ; rice, 4,400,000 lbs. ; sugar, 7,000^000 IbL ; 
wool, 2,365,000 lbs. ; coffee, 5,000,000 lbs. ; meat and pork, 5,000^000 Ibc ; 
^nd about 6,000 head of cattle. Half the trade of Denmark is with Fnj'**^! 



Our Ocean Higfanays. 



which iloli alnuMl ncltulvely with Copenhagen, and pvei employment to 
several hunilreil British veiicli. 

Fasti]— Leiten Co Oenoiftrlc, viS France, not eieecding J oi. gd. ; \m. 
II. 6d. ; I (W. 2J. jd. ; regittr. fee, gd. ^ ™. j newspapen, 4 ox. id. ViA Bel- 
gium, not c^eedine t oi. 4d. } I 01. 8d. 1 \\ at,, it, regirtr, fee, 4d. ; news- 
papers, 4 m. ^d. Money orders are issued, vrhich ore available. 

Money — i I = 8 dalera 84 skilling to 9 dalen ; is. = 44 skilling ; i rigs- 
daler = is. i\&. ; I Christian'i d'or or Frederick'^ d'or = l6». aid. Bronze 
coin& : the skillini; jiiece and half ^killing piece. Bank notes : 1 to ioo dalcn>. 

Weights &C-— I pund = I '10 lb. ; loop., i centner = lio'lslba. ; 40c.. 
I laesl = 4409'3i !*»*■ 1 5* c. 1 ship^cst = 5733-12 lbs. 

The Daoiah mile = 4} miles. The fool is slightly longer than the Englisli. 
Consul ( British) — A. de Capel Crowe, Esq. 

,. (American)- 
Vice Consul (American) — L. A. Hecksher, Ewj. 



Clcigyman (Protestant)— Rev. R. S. Ellis. 
Banks— Me* "■ ' ■ 



Frolich et Cie. ; London comHpondenI, the National 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (C'trcvlar neUt.} Ptirate Bank ; Lon. 
eor., the Union Bank of London, 2. Princes-street, E.C. (Circular rioli'i,) 

Lloyd's Agent —Messrs. Smidt anil I.* Maire. 
Hotel— Th^ R'?v[!l. 
T. M.— Ss. 

COQUIMBO, or LA SERENA. — For steamers, see 
Table. 

A Bca-port town of Chili, in the N. pari of the republic, cap. of the prov, 
of the same name, on the Chuapu, near its month, 270 m. N.N.W. Santiago ; 
lat. 29'35'S., lon. 7i"a5' W, Top. 10,000. The town is clean, and the houses 
are inleripci>ied with numerous gardens. The harbour or lay of Coquimbo is 
latge, well sheltered, and secure al all season!i. There is sufficient depth of 
water for ships of large burden, 9 fathoms being found 200 yards olT the shore, 
and nearly j falhoms close in shore. A railway connects Coquimbo with La.'i 
Candas and the mines in the interior ; and a further extension of the railway to 
Ovallc is imminent. a!,O00 tons of English coa! were imported in 1869, and 
30.625 tons of copper were exported. An Englishman has become possessed 
of a large mine about 10 m. inland, and has erecteil extensive machinery for 
crushing the copper ore. The export duty on copper having been reduced, 
from 1st January, by one-thinl, namely, to 60 cents for bar copper, 40 cents 
for rcgiilns, anil 20 cents for ore, per qninlal of lOO lbs,, will give a great im- 
petus to the ccippcr Iraite of this pott. A lighthouse has been recently crcclcJ 
on Torloga point, at the entrance of the bay. 

Lonsiil(Hrili.h)— A. Callan, Esq, 

,, (American) —Charles C. Greene, Esq. 

CORDOVA. — Routi: frotn London by rail, fixed mail scr- 
vict;s, set pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Cakis, Paris, Bordeaux, 
Bayonne, Miranda, Valencia, Madrid, and Alcazar. 

A famous city of Spain, prov. Atkilatusia, on the Guadalquivir, lies 73 m. 
N.E, Seville and 185 m. S.,S,W. Madrid, on the railway from Madrid t» 
Seville and Cadir ; lal. 37" 51' N., lon. 4' 49' W. Pop. 42,000. The cily 




126 Our Ocean Highways. 



occupies a large oblong space of sloping ground, enclosed by walls, but a great 
part of it is covered with gardens and ruined baildings, and but little remaus of 
its ancient grandeur. 

Bank— Messrs. Jose Jorer ; London correspondent, the Cantinental Bank, 
79, Lombard-street, E.G. (Circular notes,) 

Hotel — Kizzi. 

T. M.— 7s. 

CORFU. — For steamers, see Table. 

Cap. island of Corfu, kin£;dom of Greece. It is on the £. side of the island, 
in lat. 39** 37' N., Ion. 19" 50 E. Pop., including suburban districts, 73»45a 
Corfu contains a cathedral, several Greek and Roman churches, a univeisity, 
gymnasium, and has some agreeable promenades. The harbour is safe and 
commodious, and a new wharf Ls in construction. Corfu is the chief seat of the 
external trade of the Ionian islands ; and olive-oil, wine, and cotton are its chief 
products. The trade is chiefly with Austria and England ; there is some com- 
merce of l)oats with the opposite coast of Albania. 

Consul (British)— Sir Charles Sebright, K.M.G. 

Vice Consul (British) — M. Augustus Cohen, Esq. 

Bank — The Ionian Bank ; Ix>ndon correspondent, the Ionian Bank, 31, 
Finsbury- circus, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— J. William Taylor, Esq. 

Hotel — St. George. 

T. M.— 10s. 

CORINGA. — For steamers, see Madras; thence by K I. 

Co.'s steamer, see Table. 

A town and port of Brit. India, Madras pres., at the outlet of one of the 
channels of the Godavery river, which forms its harbour, 562 m. S.W. of Cal- 
cutta, and 290 m. N.E. of Madras; lat. i6''49'N., Ion. 82* 19' E. A btr 
(with, however, 12 or 14 ft. water at spring tides) partially obstructs the en- 
trance of the harbour, but there is good depth within. Coringa has some diip 
building trade, but the site is low and liable to inundation, with prolonged 
N.E. winds. 

T. M.— 57s. 

CORK. — Mail route from London, by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. For steamers, see local 

steam lines. 

A city and river-port of Ireland, prov. Munster, at the head of the estnaiT 
of the 1^ ; lat. 51 54' N., Ion. 8** 29' W. Pop. 80,000. It is 165 m. S,W. 
from Dublin, by Gt. S. and W. Ry., and the third city of Ireland in oao- 
mercial importance. The city lies ii m. inland from the entrance of the river 
into Cork harbour. The principal manufactures are tanning, distilling, brewii^, 
iron foundries, &c., and the trade is extensive, chiefly in grain, provisions, and 
butter. Cork imports from Portugal wines and salt ; from the Meditenanean 
wine and fruit ; from the Baltic and America, timber, &c ; and exports chiefly 
grain, provisions, butter, and live stock. 3,854 vessels, of 905,318 tons buiden, 
tntercci and cleared the port during the year 1869. 

Members of Parliament — County , McCarthy Downing, Esq. (L), LqikM 
residence, 33, Half Moon-street, \V. ; Arthur Ii. Smith Bany, £sq. (L). Lon- 



Our Ocean Higkasays. 



Bulk — Branch uf the Nalional Bank, Thomu John Mactnahon. Esq,, 
lang. ; lionilon cotcupondcnt, Ihe Nationni BanL, 13, Oltl Broad-iitrcct, E.C. 
Lloyds Agent —Nicholas Gcoi^ Seymour, E«j. 
Hotel — The Imperinl. 

CORNWALL.— For co. members, sec BODMIN. 

CORONEL.— For steamers, see Table. 

A port nf Chili, on tlic Soulh Ticific ; Int. 37°o' S., Ion. 71° o' W. It li« 



S. of Ihe port of Concepdon. 

Vice LonsuH British)— F. \V. Schxigcr, Esq. 

CORRAL.— For steamers, see Table. 



CORSICA, see AJACCIO and BASTIA. 

CORSOER, sec KORSOER. 

CORUNNA (Fren< h, COROGNE).— Route from London, 
by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, 
Paris, Ikirdeaux, Bayonne, Miranda, Falcncia, and Leon. 



t' 7" ^^'. {'up. 3D,ooa. tl stands on the E, side of a smalt penin^itln, and 
consists of an upper nniibiver luwn, the former having the eitailcl and the latler 
conlaining the theatre, custom houw, palace of captatn.£eneial, aiKcnal, and 
barracks. The harliour of Coninna is hheltereil ami safe, and capable of 
receiving the largest vessels. II1C present trade consists chiefly in the export 
of oxen, copper ore, potatoes am! onions : aboiu fifteen vessels are engaecd 
in ihe catlle trade nilh England, ten uilli llav.iniiah and Monic Video. 

Consul (Urilish)-!-'. Glcnnic, Ks.). 

Vice Consul (lltilishl-.Nicolao M. del Rio, Esq. 

Bank— Edwanl >ian[a.s Esq. 

Lloy<i\ Agenl— Nio..l.io .M. dtl Rio, Est]. 

Ilolel-1-una.i .lei Cummerd-., 

T. .M.-7S. 

COSTA RICA, see SAN JOSE. 

COTRONE.— Stcimcrs, see Table. 

An ancient sea-port town of Italy, Naples, on ihe Medi 
moulh of (he Esato, 36 m. K.X.F. from Cat an laro and 194 m. 




128 Our Ocean Highways, 



COURCELLES— See METZ. 

COURTRAY.—Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, and Lille. 

A fortified and manufac. town [of Belgium, prov. W. Flanders, on, the 
river Lys, 17 m. E. Vpres, 25 m. S. Bruges, on the railway from Ghent to 
Toumay. Pop. 23,200. The spinning of linen thread, and the weaving of 
plain and damask linens, employ a large portion of the inhabitants. The fine 
linens of Courtray are known throughout Europe. 

Hank — Mr. B. Van Doorpc. 

Hotel— Hotel irOr. 

T. M. — 2s. 6d. 

COVENTRY.— Rail from London (Euston Square), 6.15, 
^•25. 7-30, 9, and 10 a.m.; 12, 3, 5, and 6p.m.; Sundays. 
10 a.m ; 5 and 9.15 p.m. Fares: i6s. 6d., 12s. 6d.. 7s. lod. 

A city of England, co. War^vick, 10 m. N.X.E. Warwick, i8m. E.S.E. 
Birmingham, 85 m. N.N.AV. London, and 94 m. by L. and N. W. Ry. Pop. 
41,000. Coventry stands on a gentle declivity on the X. W. Ry., and is 
watered bv the Radford and Sherborne brooks. 

-Membcr> of Parliament Hcnr)- William Eaton, Esq. (C), London resi- 
dence, 16, Princes-gate, W. Alexander Stavely Hill, Escj. (C), Ix)ndon resi- 
dence, 16, Wilton-street, Cirosvenor-place, S.W. 

Bank — I'nion Banking Comi>any, E. M. Swan, Esq., sub-mang. ; London 
correspondent, (ilyn, Mills, Currie, and Co., 67, Lombanl-street, E.C. 

Hotel — ("raven Arms. 

COWES.— Rail from London (Waterloo Station), 8.10 and 
11.15a.m.; 1,3.15, 5.15, and 9 p.m. : Simdays, 10.15 a.m., 8.30 
p.m. Fares to Southampton, 1 8s., 13s., 8s. 6(1. (Victoria), 9.50, 
11.40 and 12 a.m. ; Sundays, 6.50 a.m. Fares, i8s., 13s., 8s. 6d. 

A .sea-port and watering place, England, co. Hants, on the X. side of the 
Isle of Wight, and at the mouth of the ^^edina ; lat. 50** 46' N., Ion. i* 18' W. 
Po}). 5,480. It lies 80 m. from London by L. and S. W. Ry., and 12 m. W. 
Portsmouth. The harbour is finely sheltered, perfectly .safe, and the roadstead 
affonl^ excellent and .secure anchorage. On these accounts they arc generally 
crowded with ves.sels of all si/es and different nations, l)oth homcwaitl and 
outward bound. 1,066 vessels, of 60,985 tons burden, entcre<! and cleared the 
port duiing the year 1869. (owes is the rendezvous of the Royal Yacht 
Scpiadron, and is much res(jrted to as a bathing place. 

Bank (Tu. and Fri. ) -London and County Bank, R. Pinhom, Esq., mang. ; 
L(»n(l()n correspondent, London and County Bank, 21, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotels -The Fountain and filoster, Messrs. T. Jones and Co., proprietors. 

CREFELD. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, sec pages Ivtolxxii, vicL Dover, Calais, or Ostend, Brussels^ 
and Cologne. 

A manufacturing town of Prussian Germany, Rhine prov., 5 m. distant 



Our Ocean Highways. 



bom ihcl. binkof the river Rhine, li m. N.W. of Diiaeldorf, »nd3am. in 
the same direction froin Cologne ; lat. 51* 20' N.. Jon, 6' 34' E. Pop. 53.S00. 
It hu nuuinfaclurca of silk, cotton, and woollen ^oods. and ii 1 centre of 
I extensive railwity coininunicaiion with Cologne and the Rhine valley on the one 
nde, and Anuterdun, Rotterdani, Mtd ottict unrns of the Netherlands on the 

Hotel — Wildetman. 
T. M.—Gs. 

CREMONA — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixsii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, and by 
Mont Cenis Ry. to Turin. 

A city of N. Italy, on the L bank of the PD,46m. 5.E. Milan, and 16 m. 
N.W. Panna, on a bnmch of the raUway from Milan to Venice ; Ut. JS'lfN., 
ion. 10° 1' E. Pop. 31.000. The town it well laid out, but ii decaying. 
Among it<< many churches the " Duomo" deserves a viiit. The manufacture<^ 
silk ami cotton fabrid b consicltrablc. and there ii * brisk trade in com, flax, 
litk, <hI, &c. It was formerly highly celebrated for its -viotini made bj Amati 
and Slraduaiius. 

Hotel— L-llalia. 

T. M.— 7s. 6d. 

CRETE.— See CANDIA. 

CREUZNACH.— See KREUZNACH. 

CREUZOT.— See LE CREUZOT. 

CRICKLADE.— Rail from London to Purton (Paddington 
Station), 6.50 10.15 ^-^^ '< ^< 5-'**. ^"^ ^■''^ P-™- Sundays, 
10 a.m, ; 2.30 p.m. Fares: i6s. 6d., las. 5d., 7s. gjd. ; thence 
by omnibus. 

A town and pari. bor. ofEligland. co. Wills, loij m. from London by Gt, 
W. ky. ; is situated at the junction of the Chum and Key with the Isis. Pop, 



illagc) l.8c 
roooi, Bart 



3, Warwick-road, Maida-hill, W. ; Hon. Frederick W. Cadogan (L), London 
residence, i, (1 ranville.pl ace, Port man -square, W. 

Bank— (Jloucestcr Banking Company [Sub Branch) ; London correspondent, 
the Union Rink, 2. Princcs-slrecl. Mansion House, E.C. 

Hotel -Tho White Hart. 

CRONSTAD.— See ST. PETERSBURG. 

CROMER.— Ronte from London, see Norwich ; thence by 
coach, daily. 

A village and bathing place on the E. coast of England, co. Norfolk, 30 m. 
N. of Norwich : lai. 52" 56' N.. Ion. 1° 18' E. Pop, 1,360. It cominands a 
magnificent icawanl view, and is of growing popularity as a place of summer 

Bank— Messrs. Gumey and Co. ; London correspotident, Mesm. Barclay, 
Bcvan, and Co., 54, Lombard-itreet, E.C. 




130 Our Ocean Highways. 



Lloyd's Agent — William Partridge Cubitt, Esq. 
Hotel— Belle Vue. 

CROOKHAVEN.— Route from London, see Cork; thence 
by local conveyance. 

An inlet of the S.W. coast of Ireland, co. Cork, nearly adjacent to the S. ex- 
tremity of the island, 62 m. S.W. of the city of Cork, and a short distance E. 
of the entrance of Bantry Bay ; lat. 5 1 * 28' N. , 9" 43' W. It affords good shelter 
to shipping. The village of Crooktown is on its S. side. Pop. 455. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. James Hutchinson, Swanton, and Son. 

CROYDON.— Rail from London, S. E. Ry. (Charing Cross 
and Cannon Street and London Bridge Stations), or L. B. and 
S. C. Ry. (Kensington, Victoria, and London Bridge Stations), 
frequent trains. Fares : is. 6d., is. 2d., lod. 

\ town in ICngland, co. Surrey, to m. S. of London by S. E. and by L. 
B. ami S. C. Rys. Pop. 45,000. The town is well paved and drained. Many 
London merchants have villas here, owing to the great facilities of communica- 
tion with the metropolis. 

Bank — Ix)ndon and County Bank, E. Lowndes, Esq., mang. ; London 
corres])on(lent, lx>ndon and County Bank, 21, I^mbard-streeL 

Hotel — The (Jreyhound. 

CUBA.— See HAVANNAH. 
CULEBRAS. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A i)ort on the coast of Peru ; lat. lo** 36' S., Ion. 85' 34' W. It lies about 
100 m. N. Callao. 

CUMBERLAND.— For co. members, see CARLISLE. 

CUPAR. — Rc'iil from I^ondon (King's Cross) to Edinbuigh, 
9 and 10 a.m. ; 8.10 p.m. Sundays, 9.15 p.m. Through fare: 
76s. 6d. ist cl. 

A bor. of Scotland, co. Fife, 10 m. W. St. Andrew's. Pop. 4,980. Cupar 
ha> lon^ had a flourishing joint stock academy, with numerous other schools. 

Mcml)er of Parliament — Sir R. Anstruther, Bart. (L), London residence, 
3, Onslow-gardens, S.W. 

Bank —Commercial Bank of Scotland, (leorge Hogarth, Esq., xnang. ; 
London correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Hotel -The Royal. 

CURACAO. — For steamers, see Tables. 

An island in the Caribbean Sea, belonging to Holland, off the coast of 
Venezuela, between lat. 12* o' and 12' 13' N., and Ion. 68* 44' and 69* 13' W. 
Pop. about 20,000. It has several harbours, the chief of which is Sta. Anna, 
in the S.W., where its principal town is built. Wilhelmstadt, the cap. and seat 
of government, is one of the neatest cities in the W. Indies ; its puolic build* 
ings are magnificent, the private houses commodious, and the clean streets re* 
mind the traveller of Dutch towns. The port of Curasao, St. Burhaven, has a 
narrow entrance, but is laige and safe. Sugar, indigo, tobacco, and maiae are 



Our Ocean Highways. 



rai'ied. Tlie suple of the nlaml is salt, obtained by natuml evnpoiatioi 
ur the finest quality. Aboat 250,000 banels are annually exportecl. 
Consul (British)— D. A, Jesunin, Esq. 

(American) — Wm. H. Faxon, Esq. 
Conwl (Amerianl— H. M. (arv_ Vsa. 



CUXHAVEN. — For steamers, see Hamburg ; thcnct: by 
local steam line. 

A sea-port and watering place of N. Germiny, on the left side of llie 
river Kibe, at its entrance into the North Sea, 36 lu. N.W. HanibwB ; lai. 
53* Si' N., Ion. 8* 41' E. The harbour has been recently much enlarged, and 
n to be capable of holding i;o vessels of large tonnage, betides smaller craft. 
The port of Cunhaven (vriiich belongs to the Hanscatic city of tlamburg) ic 
entirely free, nodnes beine chatted. It is the head qaartcrsof the Hlbe pilotage. 
A few small colliers belong to the port. A strong fon, designed for the pio- 
lection of the Elbe, is being erectcil by the N. Uerman Con^leralion, sLiout 
Iwo miles off. Pop. about a, 000. 

Vice Consul (British)— G. Von der Meden, E»g. 

Consular Agent (American)— Augustus Bule, t,ti\. 

Lloyd's Agent. — G. Von der Meilen, Esq. (sub i^enl). 

Hotel— liSvidere, A. DoUe, proprietor. 

T. M.— 6*. 

CYPRUS.— For steamers, see Table. 

An i-;lanci of Asiatic Turkey, in the Eastern Mediterranean. Pop. 200,000. 
■ ■ ^dbutsc--■=' ■ '---^ — '-; ' - 



Its principal jmrl is Ijirnaka, on the S.E. coast, in Tat. 34° 55' N., Ion. 
33° 38' E. 1 he principal csports are wheal and barley. Of the former 
46,000 quarters were eiported in 1868, and 85,000 of the laller, havinc a 
respective value of ^£80,000 and ^90,000. The export of wine realized £l^,ooa 
.luring 1868. cotton ^27,500. *alt £i<).aoa, enrolls (locust beans) ^^34,000, and 
madder, ^7,500 (the latter mostly to England.) Total exports, l86», ^340,410. 
The imports of cotton manufacture for the same year amounted to ^70.000, 
of woollens to £\a,ooo, of "loip to £l l.ooo, sugar, £10,000, &c. ; the whole 
imports for 1868 rcaliring j£i69,7oo. 

Vice Consul (American)-l.. P. Di CesuoW. Esc]. 

Bank — Imperial Ollom.in (Sub Agency! ; London correspondent. Imperial 
Ottoman Ibnk, 4, Hank- buildings, l-olhbuiy, E.C. 

DACCA.— For Steamers, sec CalcutW: thence by the India 
General Steam Navigation Company's steamers ; see 'lables. 

A to«n of llrit. India, prov. Bengal, aliout 120 m. from the mouth of the 
Ganges, iiom, N.E. Calculla by the Eastern Bengal Ry, ; lat. 23" 50' N., 

mosques and temples of Mussulmcn and Hindoos, as well as English and Ar- 
menian churches, cemeteries. &c. The place is unhealthy, on account of its 
low site, anil has long been abandoned as a military station. Many respectable 
(JnN:k, Armenian, and Portuguese merchants reside here. 

Bank— Bank of llengal ; l^ndon correspondent, Meurs. Coutts and Co., 
59, .Sirand. W.C'. 

T.M.-s;.. 




132 Our Ocean Highways, 

DAKAR. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A port on the \V. coast of Africa, E. of Cape Verd ; lat. 14* 39' N., Iod. 
17' 24 W. It belongs to the French possessions on the SenegaL 

DAMASCUS. — For route from London, see Beyrout ; 

thence three days* journey by horse. 

An ancient and large city of Syria, Asiatic Turkey, I12 m. S. Antioch, 
and 112 m. N. Jerusalem ; lat. 33*" 32' N., Ion. 36" 20' E. Pop. 150,00a 
It is beautifully situated viithin a fertile plain, at the foot of the Anti- 
Libanus, and is watered by the Barrada, winch traverses the towii in several 
small streamlets, supplies the houses, fountains, and streets with water, and 
irrigates the whole vicinity of the city — a tract abounding in orchards of the 
finest fruit, including figs, pomegranates, and citrons. Damascus is sur« 
rounded by a wall. Principal buildings : the Grand Mosque, originally a 
Christian church, the Great Khan, Greek cathedral, many mosques, cafes, &c. 
The bazaars arc very superior and extensive, and crowded with a motley mul- 
titude of different nations. In i860 the Dniscs massacred nearly 5,000 Chris- 
tians here, and about 20,000 fled to Heyrout. The French, who took tem- 
porary possession of Damascus in consequence, have built a fine road to 
Beyrout, which greatly contributes to the development of the trade of 
Damascus Initwcen Egypt and Syria. Damascus has manufactures of linen, 
coarse woollen cloths, jewellery, saddlery, &c. 

Consul (British) — Captain R. F. Burton. 

Clerg)'nian ( Protestant) — Rev. Elias B. Frankal. 

Bank — Giorgio Marcopoli. 

1 1 otel — Demetri's. 

T. M. from Ix>ndon to Jaffa 16s. 6d. ; thence postage, 25. 

DAM I ETTA. — Route from London, see Alexandria or 

Cairo ; thence by dahabieh, or occasional steamer. 

A sea-port and ancient town of Egypt, seated on the eastern arm of the 
river Nile, about 9 m. above the sea, 100 ni. N.N.E. from Cairo, and 125 m. 
E.N.E. Alexandria; lat. 31* 2j'N., Ion. 31* 47' E. Pop. 40,00a A bar 
at the mouth of the river only allows vessels of light draught to reach the town. 
It has many mosijues, an<l some fine baths. From the lake Menzeleh, in the 
neighbourhood, large (}uantities of fish arc taken, in which and in rice a consi- 
derable trade is carried on. Port Said, at the entrance of the Suez Canal, is 
30 m. to the eastward of Damietta. 

Postal — Letters to Damietta, vid Belgium, not exceeding \ oz. 9d., I oz. 
Is. 6d., i\ oz. 2s. 3d., regLstr. fee 4d., newspapers, 4 oz. 5d. Money oiders 
are issued. 

Vice Consul (British) — Michael Surur, Eaq. 

T. M.— 25s. 

DANTZIG. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Brussels, Ai.x-la-Chapelle» 
Cologne, Diisseldorf, Hanover, Magdeburg, Berlin and Brombeig. 
For steamers, see Tables. 

A fortified town and sea-port of Prussia, on the Baltic, abont 2 m. from 
the mouth of the Vistula, 30 m. S. Marienburg, and 160 m. N.W. Wanaw^ 



Our Ocean I/ighways. 



on .1 brancb line of Ihe railway from Berlin to Bromberg »ikI Konigsberg ; 
\U.. S4' 40' a , Ion. 19' y>' E. Pop. 89,000. Thi: houMs o( Dantiig, as 
well n» the numetous grain-stores, are very high, often consbtiug of six or 
seven Morics. The L«ngcngiuue is a very line old Hrecl. There are numenmi 
churches, a calhcdral, nunneries, > museum, gymnasium, Db«ervalory, town 
hall, and many breweries and diMilleriea. Theharlioui is good, but onlyadmiu 
vessels dnkwing 8 or 9 it. water ; lar^rc fthips have to anchor at Neufahrwosser, 
at the mouth of the river. The principal trade of this port is timber and grain, 
on (he cX|Hin of which the town relies for its prosperity. Uf timber, from 
j^ioo.ooo to ^130,000 arc annually eiportoi— railway Kleepers to France and 
Belgium fonninganimponani iiemunderthis heading. OfgTaiu, frotn 500,000 
lo 1,000,000 quarter, are annually sent from thii port, mostly to England: 
The spruce beer of Dantiig is a speciality ; it is made of a decoction of Ihs 
]«ves and small bianches 0? the spruce-hr, properly sweetened. Il is exported 
cxchisivcly lo London. About 30,000 barrels are exported in a suigle year, at 
7s. 6d. per barrel, free on board. Of imports, cob! and herrinpan; the most im- 

Sirtanl items : more than 150,000 Ions of the former ore uinioUy tent here from 
onh British porti. Of salt, Liverpool send', about 10.000 tons annually. Of 
herrings, Scotland sends adoat 50,000 barreli annually to this port, and Norway 
about 30,000. The total eiporta of Danlrig, by mo, amounted b 1866 to a 
value of £z,y>t,Ooa; of hnporls, j£t. 105,000. The inland trade by way of 
the Vistula Ls of vast aniount, goods to ihe value of nearly ^^2,000,000 annually 
being fntroilucetl by [hat route. 

Consul (British)— W. A. White, Esq. 

Consular Agent (AmericinJ— M, Meshaka, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. Heiekiah Lawrence; 

Bank — Messrs. Gibson and Co.; l.ondon correspondent, (he National Bank, 
13, Old Hroad-slreet, E.C. (Cirrular Hola.) 

Lloyd's Agent— Melchior Frederick Ilebeler, Ivsn. 

Hotel— Englischer Hof. 

T. M.— 6s. 

DARDANELLES.— For steamer?, see Tables. 

The ancient Hellespont, a sirail connecting the Archipehigo with Ihe Sea 
nf Marmora, and dividing the continents of Europe and Asia ; it is about 40 m. 
in length, and varies in breadth from ll to 4 miles. The shores on either side 
are protcctc<l by numeious forts : the two most important of these, situated at 
the narrowest portion of the channel (lal 40" 9' N., Ion. a6° as'E.), are known 
as the Castles of the Dardanelles, and are not far distant from the sites of the 
ancient tou'us of Scslos and Abydos — Ihe former on the side of Roumania 
(Euro|ie|. the latter on the shore of Anatolia (Asia). There is a eonslant cur- 
rent settiriij outwani through the strait, i.t. lo the S.W. 

Vice Consul (British)— William II. Wrench. Esq. 

IJojil's Agent— William H. Wrench, Esq, 

DAR-EL-BEIDA, or CASA-BLANCA. — For 

.steamers, see 'I"ables. 

A sca-]X)rl of Morocco, prov. Fez, near cape of the same name, on (he 
Allantic Ocean ; lal. 33° 39' N,, Ion. l' 48' W. Pop. 1,000. The imports 
consist of calico, cloth, sugar, iron, and sundries, and amounted in 1869 to 
j£l26,564 ; the exports (chiefly wool, hides, and wai) 10 .^95,819 ; 99 vessels 
(41 of them British) entered Ihe port in (hat year. 

Vice Consul (Urilish)— H. L. Dupuis, Esq. 




134 Our Ocean Highways. 



DARIEN. — For steamers, see New York ; thence by rail. 

A }X)rt of Georgia, U.S., a few miles above the mouth of the Alatamaha 
river, which drains a laigc area of the state, 53 m. S. by W. of Savannah, 
in lat. 31" 23' X., Ion. 81" 30' W. The river has a good entrance, with 19 fU 
water on the bar at mean low tide. Before the introduction of railroads, Darien 
was the second cotton port of Georgia, but now its only trade i.s in pitch-pine 
timber and rice. For the former, it is the largest market in the States. 

DARLINGTON.— Rail from London (King's Cross), 7.40, 
9 and 12 a.m. ; 5.25 and 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a,m. ; 9.15 p.m. 
Fares: 41s. 4d., 31s. 4d., 19s. 4d. Also via St Pancras Station* 
Fares : 45s. id., 34s., 19s. 6|d. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Durham, 19 m. from Durham and 
236 m. from Ix)ndon by Gt. X. Ry., I'id York, lat. 54* 31' N., Ion. !• 32' W. 
^<^P- i5>78o. The town is seated on the river Skeme, and has a town hall^ 
market, mechanics' institute, several churches, and manufactures in iron and 
woollens. 

Member of Parliament — Edmund Backhouse, Esq. (L), London residence, 
17, Princes-gardens, W. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England, Thomas McLachlan, Esq., 
mang. ; London correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 1 12, 
Bishopsgate-street-within . 

Hotel — The King's Head. 

DARMSTADT.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
.services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix-la- 
Cha])elle, Cologne, and Frankfort 

A town of W. Germany, cap. grand-duchy of same name, 30 m. N.W. 
Htidelherg, and 8 m. hy rail from Frankfort ; lat. 49" 53' N., Ion. 8* 35' E. 
Po]). 31,000. The town consists of the old and new town, the latter of which 
is luindsomciy built, and contains the ducal palace, opera house, casino, college, 
military hospital, orphan asylum, several churches, and a fine square, ue 
'* Louiscnplatz." The manufactures and trade are unimportant. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. Thomas Sleeman. 

Bank — Messrs. J. A. Zoeppritz ; London correspondent, the Naticno) 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular notes.) 

Hotel — Darmstadter Hof. 

T. M. — 6s. 

DARTMOUTH.— Rail from London (Paddington Station), 
6, 9.15, 10.15, ^^^ 11-45 A-ni. ; 4.50 p.m. Sundays, xo a.m. 
Fares : 42s. 6d., 29s. nd., 17s. 4d. 

A sea-port of England, co. Devon, 30 m. W.S.W. Exeter, and 230 m. 
W.S.W. London by Gt. W. Ry. ; lat. 50" 21' N., Ion. 3* 35' W. Pop. 4,40a 
It lies on the river Dart, near its mouth, and has a sjvacious harbour for vcaels 
of the largest size. The exports consist chiefly of woollen goods and dder. 
1,062 vessels, of 75,968 tons burden, entered and cleared the port in 1869. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England, Frederick Ash, Esq., roang. ; 
London correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of Elngland, 112, Bidiops* 
gate-street-within, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— Richanl Ilingston, E."M1. 

Hotel -The Castle. 



Our Ocean Highways, 



DAWLISH.— Sec TEIGNMOUTH. 

DEAL.— Rail from London (Charing Cross), 6.25, 7.40, 8.55, 

and I2-3S a.ni, ; 4.48 and 6,35 P-m- Sundays, 7.50 a,m. ; 6.40 
and 8.45 p.m. Fares: i6s. lod., iis. lod., 6s. lod. 

A Bca-pon uf Englanit, co. Kent, 7 m S. by E. Sandwich, and 90^ m. 
ftom London by S. E. Ry. ; l«t. 51' 13 N., Ion. 1° J4'E. Pop. 7,500. The 
town \s silualed on Ihc E. coast of Kent, near the ks, opposite the GoodwiD 
Sands. The port is defended by two castles, Walmer L'asllc to Lhe S., and 
Sandawn Coalle to the N. The iohabilants ate mostly pilots, boatmen, and 
Bahrnncn, dependent on lhe resort of shipping to \\a roadalead, the Downii. 
The Utter iii a spacious anchorage, bounded seaward by lhe Goodwin Sands. 
Deal is suppobcd lo be on or near the spot where Cxsar effected a landing on 
invading Britain. 317 vessels, of 21,763 totu burden, entered and cleared 
thepoii during the year 1S69, 

Bonk — National Provincial Bunk of Enclaod, William Henry Brett, Esq.. 
Bang. ; London correspondent, the NitioQal Provincial Book of England, 1 13, 
Biahopsgate-street-vrltnin, E.C 



DELFT. — Route from London, see Rotterdam ; thence 
by rail. 

An old town of the Netherlands, prov. S. Holland, situated in 1 (lal plain, 
inteisected in all directions by canals, and on the line of railway connecting 
Amsterdam and Rotterdam, 34 m. S.W. of the former, and 8 ra. N.W. of the 
latter; hit. 51' 56' N., Ion. 4*21' E. Pop. 21,000. After a period of decline, 
the trade 01 Delfi has eiperienced some recent improvement. The pottery 
manufacture, for which it was once famous, is traiufened to Maastricht. 

DELHI. — For steamers, see Calcutta; thence by rail. 

A celebrated city of Hritish India, prov. Punjaub, Bengal presid., situated 
on r. bank of river Jumna, 350 m. N.W. AllaJiabad, lOO m. N. Agra, and 
1,019 m. N.W. Calcutta, by the E. \. Ry. ; lat. l8''40'N., Ion. 77" 16' E. 
Pop. 150,000. Il was at one time the largest city of India, covering a s-pace 
surrounded bjr a wall. The palace of the 
: magnificent apartments. The Jumma Mu.''- 
jeed, the lar|;;(;.-.t and handsomest mosque in India, is a noble slnicture of retl 
freestone, with high minarets and gilt domes. The bazaars of Delhi are amongst 
the best in ln<lia, and contain many well slocked shops. Sweetmeats, pre- 
served fruits, uSic, are prepared here in immense <)uanlities, besides which there 
are manufactures in metals, especially gold ; the Delhi jewellery being famous 
All over Indi.x The traveller starting from Calcutta at 7 a.m. is in Delhi at 
10 a.m. lhe second day after (51 hours), the journey now taking not many more 
hours than it formerly took days. In another direction, the Punjaub and Delhi 
Ky. connects l^lhi with Lahore, Mooltan, and other cities of the N.W. 

Bank— The Delhi and London Bank, C. E. BeresTord, Esq., mang. : 
London correspondent, the Delhi and London Bank, 76, King William- 
strcel, E.C. 

T. M.-57S- 



X 




136 Our Ocean Highways. 



DELLYS.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A port of Algeria, N. Africa, on the Mediterranean, 43 m. £. by N. of 
Algiers ; lat. 36*" 58' N., Ion. 3^ 58' £. Pop. 2,800. Its harbour is indifferent^ 
but large quantities of oil and grain are shipped thence. Dellys has been occn* 
pied by the French since 1844. 

DEMERARA, or GEORGE TOWN.— For steamers, 

see Tables. 

The cap. of British Guiana, on r. bank of Demerara river, near its mooth, 
here almost i m. across ; lat. 6* 49' 20" N., Ion. 58* ii' W. Pop. 30i,ooa 
Streets wide, and traversed by canals. Principal buildings : the government 
ofhces, churches and chapels, a Roman Catholic cathedral, barracks, buiks^ 
theatres, &c. The harbour, on account of its bar, admits only vessels drawing 
8 ft. water. Exports : rum, sugar, and coffee. About I m. distant, at the 
river mouth, is r ort William, and near it is a lighthouse. 

Consul (American) — P. Figyehnessy, Esq. 

Vice Consul (American) — ^J. Tengely, Esq. 

Bank — Messrs. Rose, Duff, et Cie. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Heniei» 
Farquhar, and Co., 16, St. JamesVstreet, S.W. (Circular naia,) Britidi 
Guiana Bank; Lon. cor., Messrs. Smith, Payne, and Smith, I, Lombard- 
street, E. C. ( Circular notes. J 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Samuel Barber and Co. 

Hotel— Bcrkwilh's. 

DENBIGH. — Rail from London (Euston Square), rid 
Chester (which see) to Rhyl junction ; thence by local line. Fazes: 
36s. 8(1., 27s. 6d., 17s. 4d. Also vid Gt. W. Ry. (Paddington 
Station). Fares as above. 




w. 

river Cl^^yd, and has a town hall, assembly rooms, literary society, market 
house, &c. The prospect from the castle is extensive and magnificent. 

Members of Parliament— Cw»0'i Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart. (C), LoiidoB 
residence, 18, St. James's-square, S.W. ; George Osborne Morgan, Esq. (L)» 
London residence, 20, Bolton-street, W. City, Watkin Williams, Esq. (l4t 
London residence, 97, St. George*s-road, S.W. 

Bank — The National Provincial Bank of England, John David, Es^p 
mang. ; London correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of Engiand, IIS^ 
Bishopsgate-street- within, E.C. 

Hotel— The BuU. 

DEN I A. — Route from London, see Valencia; thence by 
local conveyance. 

A port on the Mediterranean coast of Spain, prov. Valencia, lying abont 
midway between the cities of Alicant and Valenaa, in lat. 38* J3^N., km. 
o" 5' PI. Pop. about 7,000. Ships of 200 to 300 tons can enter the haibour. 
Except in the raisin season (August to November), the commerce is limited to 
a small coasting trade and the importing a few cargoes of timber and coaL ht 
the raisin season there is constant communication with Almeria, Bialaga* $bc* 
A few vessels belonging to the port trade with Manilla, Cuba, S. AmciKa, and 
Newfoundland. 



Our Ocean Highmays. 



Consul (Amcrioui) — J. Morand, E«j. 

Clergyman (Proteslanl) — Kcv. H. Hou'seman, of Barcelona (occasional 
pastoral visit). 

Bant— Messrs. J. Moranil el Cie. 
Lloyd's AgenI— Robert Rnnltin, Esq, 
"-■-■[-Del Vapor. 



lot%-Del \ 



DENVER. ^For steamers, see New York ; thence by rail. 

A town of Colorado. U..S., Soo m. W. by N. of Si. Louis (on the Mksis- 
sippi), lat. 39° 46' N., Ion. 105° 7' W. It lies in a vallejr tiavened by the upper 
portion o( Ibe Nebraska or Ptalte nver, and enclosed within an amphillieatrc of 
mounlaiDG— a portion of the great system of the Rocky mountains, apon ground 
thnl is elevalcd TDore than 5,000 ft. above the sea. Kailway conununicalion is 
now complete between Denver aitd St. Louis (along [he valley of Ihe Kansas 
river), and Ihence with Ihe whole vast area of the U. S. to the east of the Mis- 
siuippi. Denver is cnlirely of rcftait growih — its eiisienec being doe to ihe 
marvellouily rapid development of the resources both mineral and agricultural, 
of the creal western region within which it is situated. 

T. M.— 4SS. 

DERBY.— Rail from London {Sl Pancras), 6.15, 8,8.45, ^°> 
and 11.4s a.m.; 3, 3.20, 5, 530, and 8.35 p.m. Sundays, 2.50 
and 8.35 p.m. Fares : 23s. 6d., 17s. 6d., los. 7d. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, Derbyshire, on the Derweot, in a fine 
valley, 36 m. N. Coventry, 16 m. W. Nottingham, and 127 m. N.W. London 
by Midlattd Ry. ; lat. 52* 55' N., Ion. 1* 18' W. Pop. 43,00a The town it 
well built and paved, and has a handsome stone bridge over Ihe Derwent, 
by which it is intersected. Amongst the principal buildiiigs are the county 
ball, town hall, assembly rooms, museum, com exchange, hospital, &c. Being 
situated in the vicinity of extensive coal iields, Derby has every faciiily for its 
manufactures of cotton, wool, and silk, as well as of iron, tin, rnarble orna- 
ments, &c. 

Members of Parliament— Coun/v, North, Lord G. H. Cavendish (L). 1 jin- 
don residence, 3, Upper Eccleslon-street, .S.W. ; Augustus P. Arkwrighi, Km). 
(C), London residence, 15, Kii^-street, St James's, S.W. Aoiw*. Kouliuid 
Smith, Esq. (C), London residence, 85, Eaton-place, S.W. ; Colonel H. 
■Wilmot (C|, l.ondon residence. 7, Halkin-slreet. S.W. East, Captain Hon. 
F. Egcrlon (1.), 78, Piccadilly, W. ; Hon. Henry Strutt (L), London resi- 
dence, 88, Eaton-square, S.W. City, Michael Thomas Bass, Esq. (L), London 
residence, lOI, Eaton-square, S.W. ; Samuel Flimsoll, Esq. (L). 

Bank— Derby Commercial Bank (Umiled), T. R. Holton, Esq., mang. { 
London correspondent, the Union Bank. 2, Princes-street, Mansion-house, E.C. 

Hotel— The RoyaL 

DESSAU.— Route from London, see Leipzig ; thence by 
rail, viA Wittenberg, 

r Mulde, 
12* 14' E. Pop. 16,900. 




138 Our Ocean Highways. 



chiefly notable as the birth-place of Mendelssohn, and on account of the well 
cultivated district (once a mere sandy waste) in the centre of which it islooUed* 

Hotel — Der Koenig. 

T. M. — 6s. 

DESTERRO.— See SANTA CATHARINA. *' 
DETROIT.— For steamers, see New York ; thence by laiL 

A city of the U. States, cap. Michigan, on the W. side of the cfaaimel 
uniting lakes Eric, St. Clair, and Huron, 18 m. from lake Erie ; Ut. 42* vi 
N., Ion. 83** 12' \V. Pop. 79,cxx). It derives its name from the strait (Detroit), 
which is here about \ m. wide, and in which are several little islands. It is 
well laid out, lighted with gas, and has wide and well paved streets and 
squares. Noteworthy buildings : the old state house, city ludl, custom house, 
and many churches and literary and scientific institutions. The city is the grest 
commercial mart and emporium for the State, and the centre of a vast network 
of railways. Detroit has extensive manufactures of machinery, stoves, plongfai^ 
&c. The harl>our is one of the finest in the U. States. Its principal ezpoits 
and imports are lumber, wool, staves, flour, com, cattle, pork^ &c. 

Bank — National Insurance Bank ; Ix)ndon correspondent, London and 
Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbur}-, E.C. 

Hotel — The Russell House. 

DEUTZ. — Route from London, see Cologne ; thence across 

the bridge of boats, or by train direct 

A town of Prussian Germany, Rhine prov., on r. bank of Rhine» imme* 
diatcly opposite Cologne, of whicli it forms almost a suburb. Pop. io^5oa See 
Cologne. 

Hotel— Belle Vue. 

T. M.— 6s. 

DEVIZES.— Rail from London (Paddington) 6.50, lais 
a.m.; 3.30, 5.10, and 6.20 p.m. Sundays, 9 a.m., 4.45 p.in. 

Fares : i8s. yd., 13s. id., 7s. i|d. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Wilts, 24 m. N. W. Salisfaaij ■»! 
86 m. from London by Gt. \V. Ry. ; lat. 51" 22' N., Ion. l* 58* W. Pop, 
6,600. Among the public buildings are the com exchange, the cocinty hmatie 
asylum, and two ancient churches. 

Member of Parliament — Sir Thomas Bateson, Bart. (C), London residence^ 
12, (Irosvenor-place, S.W. 

Bank — Wilts and Dorset Banking Company, Richard Majrooson, Esq.* 
mang. ; Ix)ndon correspondent, London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbunr^ 
E.C. 
' Hotel— Tlic Bear. 

DEVON PORT.— Rail from London (Paddington) to Hf- 
mouth, 6, 9.15, 10.15, ^^d 11*45 ^m. ; 4.50 and &iop.ni.; 
Sundays, 10 a.m., 8.10 p.m.; thence by local line. Fares: 
46s. lod., 33s. id., i8s. 9|d. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



A sea-poit and piil. bor. of Knglarut. co, Dcvxin, 14SI m. fitim London bv 
Ut. W. Ry. ; lit. so" 24' N., Ion. 4" is' W. Pop. Sd,cxx). The borough 
adjoins PlyinouUi (which see). 

For members for co. of Devon, see Exeter. 

Membets of Parliament — John D. Lewis, Esq. (L). London residence, 30, 
Eaton-uuate, S,W.; Monlaeuc Chambers, Em, (L), London residence, 
3, ChiidVplnec, Temple, E.C. 

Itanks — Devon and Cornwall Banking Companj', I'. C. Clarke, Esq. mang. ; 
London corrcspandcnt, Messrs, Barclay and Co., 54, Larobatd-streel, E.C. 
The National I'rovincial Bank of Encland (Branch) ; I.on. cor., the Nattonal 
Provincial Bank of Englanil, tta. Bisbop^ate- street- within, E.C. 

Hotel— The RoynJ. 

DEWSBURY.— Rail from London (Euston Square), 6.15, 
7-30. 7-4'>. 9. 10, II a.m., 12 noon, and 3 p.m. Sundays, 8.30 and 
10 a.m. Fates : 33s., 24s., 153. 3d, Also i/i Sl Pancras Station. 
Fares as above. 

A town and pari. bor. of EoEtond, in the W. Riding of co. Yori^ on Ihe 
Calder. 10 m. S.S.W.Leed^s and 316) m. (Tom London by L. and N. W. Rjr. ; 
lal. 5J°4l'N., Ion. I* 37' W. Pop. 18,000. Principal buildings : mechanics' 
injlilule, bnnk, matkel hall, &>:. newsbury han iocai: ivoolk-n manuFactares 
and collieries in the vicinity. 

Member of Parliament — Seijeant John Simon, (L), London residence, 36, 
Tavistock.square, W.C. 

Bank — West Riding Union Banking Company, Richard Walker, Esq., 
mang. ; l^ndon correspondent, London and Westminster Bonk, 41, Lothbury. 
E.C. 

Iloiel— Tlie Royal. 

DIEPPE. — Route from Londoti by rail, fixed mail services, 
»ee pages Iv to Ixxii, viii Dover, Calais, Boulogne, Abbeville, and 
Amiens, or direct ria Newhaven, tidal service. 

A sea-port am! watering place of France, dep. Lower .Seine, of Ihe mouth 
of the Arques, on the British Channel, 30 m. N, Rouen, and 1*5 m, X.W. 
Paris on a branch line of the railway from Paris lo I< Havre ; lal. of light- 
house, 49° 55' N., ion. j" 5' E. Pop. 20,000. The town is well built, and 
consists of two parts 'he suburb, * Le PoUel,' being separated from the town 
by Ibc port, Uieppe ii protecteil by an old ca.stlc and by some batteries. 
From Ihc steeple of St. Jacques Ihe Enclish coasi may l)e seen. Aliout 
12,000.000 oysters are sent annually to the Paris market, besides mackerel and 
herrings. I>icp[ic is also noted ior its ivory carving. The number of .sliips 
that entered and cleared at its [lorl in 18^ was 1,175. with a tonnage of 
374.531. Iron and coals form the principal articles of import. 

War 1870-71 — Dieppe occu])ic<l by Ihe (lermans, Dec. I3lh, 1870. 

Vice Consul (British)— H. W. Lee Jattin, Esq. 

Consular AgenI (American) — J. Lcverl, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant)— Kev. James Hamilton, M.A. 

Bank— Messrs. Osmont. Dufour, el Cie., Place duThcialre, No. 9; l«iidoi» 
correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old liroad-slteef, E.C. (Circularnolis.i 

Lloyd's Agent — Leon Dtlani, ICsq. 

Hotel— Grand Hotel dcs Bains. 

T. M.-3S. 4d. 




I40 Our Ocean Highways. 



DIJON. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Paris, Montereau, and Ton- 
nerre. 

An ancient and handsome town of France (the former cap. of BiugimdyX 
dep. Cote d'Or, between the Ouche and the Suzon, 48 m. N.E. Autun, loom. 
N. Lyons, on the railway from Paris to that city ; lat 47* 14' N., Ion. 5* 5* £• 
Pop. 40,000. The streets are broad and well paved. Chief public bnU* 
ings : the university, an ancient palace, with museum, castle, which fonneriy 
served as State prison, town hall, cathedral, court house, &c., and some fine 
old churches. Dijon has some delightful promenades, and manufactures of 
cottons, woollens, and silks. 

War 1870-71 — Dijon was attacked by the Germans under General Bexer, 
30th Oct., 1870. Surrendered 31st Oct. Evacuated by the Germans, for 
strategic reasons, Jan., 187 1. 

Bank — Messrs. Guiot, Chanut, et Cie. ; London correspondent, the Natioiial 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. ( CircularnoUs, ) 

Hotel — De la Cloche. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

DIN AN. — Route from London, see St Malo; thence by 

diligence. 

An old town of N.W. France, within the former prov. of Brittany, dep. 
C6tcs-<lu-Nord, picturesquely situated on a hill which rises above the bank of 
the Ranee, 14 m. above the outlet of that river at St. Malo, and 30 m. N.W. 
of Rennes ; lat. 48** 2f N., Ion. 2^ 2' W. Pop. 8,500. Its nei^hbouiliood 
abounds in scenic attractions. A canal connects the river Ranee with the Ilk 
(an affluent of the Vilaine, Loire basin), by means of which, and the riTer, 
Dinan carries on a fair amount of trade. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. J. G. Olgar, B.A. 

Bank — M. Bazin de Jesscv. 

Hotel— De la Poste. 

T. M. — 3s. 4d. 

DIN ANT. — Route from London, see Namur; thence by 
rail, 77<? Givet. 

A town of Belgium, prov. Namur, on r. bank of river Meuse, 14 m. S. of 
the town of Namur, and 48 m. S.S.E. of Brussels ; lat. 50* 16' N., Ion. 4* 
55' E. Pop. 6,400. 

Hotel— Tcted'Or. 

T. M.— 2s. 6d. 

DINGLE. — Route from London by Irish mail trains^ see 

page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A town of Ireland, co. Kerry, situated within a recess on the N. side of 
Dingle Bay, 26 m. W.S.W. Tralec, and 34 m. W. by N. of KiUamey ; lat 
52" 9' N., Ion. 10* 1/ W. Pop. 2,260. The bay to which it gives iU dhm 
is a magnificent arm of the Atlantic, penetrating upwards of 30 m. inland, and 
15 m. wide at its entrance. 

Bank— The National Bank, John De Courcy, Esq., mang. ; Londoii oxw 
respondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Bastable Herbert liilliard, Esq. 



Out Ocean High-mays, 



DINGWALL, — ^Route from London by Scotch mail traiDS to 
Inverness, see pages Hi to liv, I,, and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), vi& York. 

A borough in Scotland, and cap, of co. Ross, at the head of Cromailjr 
Firth, tl in. W. Cromartj, and 614 id. from London by Gt N. Ry. Pop. 
Z.oSo. U has wbani^ for vesseb drawing less than 10 ft. water, but little 
trade. The borough joins with Tain, Uornodi, Wick, and Kirkivall in sending 
one member to the House of Commons. 

Member of Parliament— Cobb// Ross, Alexander Malheson, Esq, (L), 
London residence, 38. Sonlh-slreel, W. 

Bank— National Bank of Scotland, Messrs. John Mitchell and G. H. 
Duncan, mangs. ; London correiipondent, the National Bonk of ScolLuid, 37, 
Nicbolai-lane, E.C. 

DJEDDA, see JEDDA. 

DJIDJELLI.— For steamers, see Tables- 

A port of Algeria, on the Mediterranean ; lat. 36* 46' N,, Ion. j' 4I' E, 
This place vas aiinost entirely destroyed by earthquake in 1S5O. It has been 
a the possession of the French since 1S29. It has a smalt port. 

•^ ... 

DOLE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
;)ages Iv to Ixxii, fia Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Gray (junc.) 

A town of France, dcp. Jura, on r. bank of river Doubs, and on the canal 
vhich joins the Rhone with the Rhine, 29 m. N. Lons-le-Saulnier. and 
he iame distance .S.L. of Dijon. Pop. ll.ooo. The church of Notre Dame 
sifi chief ornament. 

War 1870-71— l)6Ie was occujiied by the Germans 13th Nov., 1870. 

Hotel— l>e Geneve. 

T. M.-3S. 4d- 

DOLGELLY.— Rail from London (Paddington), 6.10 a,m. ; 
11.30 p.m. Sundays, none. Fares : 40s. 6d,, 29s. 6d, i8s, 4d. 
\lso viii L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston S<iuare). Faresas above. 

A town of N, Wales, eo. Merioneth, 46 m, W. Shrewsbury, 31 m. N.W. 
Honlgomcry. and 12% ni. N.W. I^ndon by Gt. W. Ry. ; lat. 51" 44'N., Ion. 
[• 53' W. Pop. I.MO. It is seated on the Afon Wnion, above its confluence 

Member of Farliaraenl — Cimnly MerUiielh, Samuel Holland, Esq. (L), 
^ondon residence, Thompson's Hotel, l.'avcndi4h.squaje, W. 

Bank— National Provincial Bank of England, W. Pughe, Esq., mang. ; 
.ondon correspondent. National Provincial Bank of England, III, Bishops- 
rate-ilrect.wilhin. Y..C 

Hotel— The Golden Lion. 

DOMINGO.— See ST. DOMINGO. 
DOMINICA.— For steamers, see Tables. 




142 Our Ocean Highways. 



A British W. India island, Windward group ; Roseau, the principal to«ii 
and only port of entry, is in lat. 15* 18' N., ion. 6i* 24' W. Pop. 28,00a 
Tt is of volcanic origin, and hot and sulphureous sprixu^s abound. Expoits: 
sugar, molasses, rum, lime juice, cocoa, and coffee. In 1868, the Yttue of 
c'xj>orts was ;^62,959 ; of imports, ;f 57,180. 

Bank — Colonial Banking Company (Branch), John Charles Spooner, Esq., 
mang. ; I^ndon correspondent. Colonial Bank, i^, Bishopf^ate-stitet- 
within, K.C. 

Hotel — B. Jones's. 

DONEGAL. — Route from London, by Irish mail trains, see 

page lii, 77V? Chester and Holyhead. 

A sea- port of Ireland, co. of same name, at the mouth of the Eask, iR 
Donegal I5ay, 10 m. N.N.E. Dallyshannon, and iiom. S.W. Dublin; laL 
54^* 30' N., Ion. 8' 10' W. Pop. 1,540. Principal buildings: a church, inir* 
ket place, bridewell, workhouse, &c. It has a small harbour, and there art 
some exports of com and butter. 

Members of Parliament — County Donef^al, Thonuui ConoUy, Esq. (C), 
lx)udon residence, I^ngham Hotel, \V. ; Marquis of Hamilton (C), Loodon 
residence, 38, Upper Brook -street, \V. 

IJank— Ulster Banking Company (Branch) H. M. Lyner, Esq., mang. : 
Ixindon correspondent, London and Westminster Bank, 41, Ix>thbuTy, E.C 



DORCHESTER.— Rail from Ix)ndon (Waterloo Stotion), 
7.30, 8.10, and 1 1. 15 a.m. ; 3.15, 4.25, 5.15, and 9 p.m. Sundays, 
9.45 and 10.15 a.m. ; 8.30 p.m. Fares: 28s., 20s., zis. 6|A 
Also by Gt W. Ry. (Paddington Station). Fares as above. 

A t()\Nii an 1 ])arl. bor. of England, co. Dorset, on the Frame, 53 m. E. 
Kxcicr, and 140^ m. from Ix)ndon by the I., and S. W. Ry. ; lat 50*43' 
N., Ion. 2' 27' W. Pop. 6,800. The neighbourhood abounds in Roman 
antiquities. It has a town hall, market house, theatre, county gaol, some fine 
churches, and several good ale breweries. 

Members of I'arliament — County Dorset ^ Hon. \V. II. B. Portnum (L). 
I>ondon residence, 42, Portman-square, W. Henry Gerard Stnit, Esq. (CK 
lA)ndon residence, 50, C»rosvenor-street, \V. ; John Floyer, Esq. (C), Londaa 
residence, Carlton Club, S.W. ; Lieut. Colonel C. N. Stuit (C), LoDdoo 
residence, 61, St. James's-street, S.W. 

Hank — W^ilts and Dorset Banking Company, J. M. I^ish, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent, Ix>ndon and Westminster liank, 41, Lothbuiy, E.C. 

Hotel— The White Hart. 

DORNOCH.— Route from London by Scotch mail trains, 

see i)ages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vid Carlisk; 
Gt N. Ry. (King's Cross), vi& York, to Dumfries ; thence by 

<:oach. 

A town of Scotland, co. Sutherland, 14 m. N. Cromarty, and 40 m. N.E. 
Inverness ; lat. 57* 54' N., Ion. 4** 2' W. Pop. 647. It lies at the entraaot 
of the firth of the same name, over which it has a rerrr to Tain. 

Member of Parliament — County Sutherland^ LonI Ronald S. L» Gowcr (L)t 
London rcn>idence, Stafford House, St. James's, S.W. 



Our Ocean Highxays. 



DORTRECHT — Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv lo Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Lille, Antwerp, and 
Moerdjik. 

A town of the Nethertands, prov. S. Holland, on a island formcJ by Ihe 
Meuse, 10 m. S.E. Rotterdam i Ut. 5i°49' N., lun. 4" 41' E. Pop. 3j,ooo. 
t'rincipal edifices, town hall and Golhic church : il tui qoayi, canals, a har- 
bour, and building dock-i. The largest veueU cut come up lu ihe town. 
Trade b carried on in com, flax, timber, &c The lollcr in flaaied down Ihe 
Rhine from ihe Swisi tuid Gemuin forols. 

Hotel— Belle Vue. 

T. M.— 3s. 9d. 

DOUAI. — Route from London, sec UUc ; tht-nee \ty rail, vi& 
Carvin, 

A fortified town ef Fmnce, dcp. Nord, en Ihe rivtr Se«rpc (an afllnent of 
Ihe Schclde). iS m. .S. of Lille, and 106m. N. b;E. of Parib; lai. 5o*i2'N., 
Ion. 3° 5' E. Pop. 24,(XXi. It ha« some roanufactares of cotton, lace, 
ihrtail, &c.,nni! considcrablt liailc in the ngiicnluira! produce of Ihe surround ing 
country. 

Hotel— De Flandre. 

T. M.— 3S4d. 

DOUGLAS.— Route from London, see Liverpool ; thence 
by steamers direct (see Ct. Britain local steam lines). 

A sci-jHiTl and liathing.ptace, Iste of Man, on S. E. side of island, and 
on the shore of a fine liay, to which it gives name ; lal. 54° 9' N., Ion. 
40° 29' \V, Pop. 11,500. It is the principal port of the island, and h.iscon- 
siderablo import trade, but its growing resort as a summer bathing-place has 
given it the most distinguishing features of its present a-'pect. 

DOVER.— Rail from London (Victoria Station), 6.50, 7.40 
9.15, and 10.30 a,ni; 2.5, 4.20, and 8.35 p.m.; Sundays, 7.40 
a.m. ; 6.25, 8.0, and 8.35 p.m. Fares : i8s. 6d., 13s. 6d., 6s. 6d. 
Also via S. K. Ry. (Charing Cross). Fares as above. 

A sea-port of England, co. Kent, 1$ tn. S.E. Canterbury, and 78 m. from 
i^ndonbyL. C. and D. Ry. of which il is theterminal station ; hit.5i'7'N., 
Ion. 1' 19' K. Pop. 2^,300. It issitualed between two lofty hills, on Ihe more 
easlwanll)' cif which is its ancient castle, with towers, and barrack accommoda- 
tion for several thousand men. Principal buildings : town hall, custom house, 
military huspital. museum, &c. Dover is a cininie port, and is the chief port 
of steam communication between England and France. It is the great pilot 
station of the cin(|ue ports, with nearly 80 pilots attached lo il, under the regu- 
lations of the Trinity- house. 4,043 vessels, of 623,271 tons burden, entered 
and clearcii Ihe port in 1869. 

Members of Parliament— Major A. G.Dickson (L), London residence, 16, 
Ecclcston -square, S.W. ; George Jessel, Esq. (L), London raidence, lo^ 
j^ I yde- park-gardens, W. 




144 Our Ocean Highways, 



Bank — National Provincial Bank of ]^ngland, Charles Stein, Eiq., maa^ . ; 
London correspondent, the National PFovincial Bank of England, 1 13, 
Bishopsgate-street-within, E.G. 

Lloyd's Agent — Samuel Metcalfe Latham, Esq. 

Hotel — The Lord Warden. 

DOWN PATRICK.— Route from London, by Irish nuul 

trains, see page lii, 77*4 Chester and Holyhead. 

A sea-port town and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Down, 26| m. S.S.E. 
Belfast by Belfast and County Down Ry. ; lat. 54* 19' K, Ion. ^•43' W. Pop. 
3,700. It is situated on the river Newry, and has a cathedral, court houM^ 
prison, infirmary, and union workhouse, several breweries, and manii&cbiRi of 
linen . 

Members of Parliament — County Dcrufn^\joT^K, E. Hill-Treror (C), London 
address, House of Commons ; Lieut. -Col. W. B. iForde (C), London resi- 
dence, 8, Charles-street, Berkeley-square, W. City\ William Keown, Esq. (Qt 
London residence, 42, Belgrave-road, S.W. 

Bank — Northern Banking Co. (Branch), G. Stevenson, Esq., numg.; London 
correspondent, Glyn, Mills, Currie and Co., 67, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel — The Downpatrick. 

DRESDEN — Route from London by rail, fixed inail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vicL Dover, Calais, Mussels, Cologne^ 

Hanover, Magdeburg, and Leipsig. 

A city of Germany, the capital of Saxony, on the EUbe, ID m. S.E. Mdi 



75 m. N. W. Prague, and 100 m. S .S. E. Berlin, on the railway between Beilm mi 
Vienna; Lit. 51^3' N., Ion. 13' 44' E. Pop. 156,000. Dresden is one of tbe 
finest cities in Europe. The river divides it into the ' Alt Stadt,' and 'Net 
Stadt,' which are connected by two handsome bridges. The houses are moitly 
built of freestone ; the streets are broad and well paved. Principal bnildings : the 
royal palace, the famous gallery of paintings, the palace of the princes, the 
Ja]ianese ])alace, the Zwinger, containing armoury, &c. ; opera house, nunt, 
arsenal, baths, &c., besides many churches and educational establishments. 
The theatre, one of the best in Europe, was destroyed by fire on 2ist ScpL* 
1869. 'Die environs of Dresden are charming, and many English fa—nM^ 
reside within the town or its neighbourhood. The manufactures oonsisK 
principally of woollen and silk stuffs, jewellery, carpets, instruments, 
chemical>, &c. 

Postal — letters from FIngland to .Saxony, z'iA Belgium, not ezceedii^ ( w. 
3d., I oz. 6d., i^ oz. 9d. ; registr. fee4d. ; newspapers, 4 oz. 2d. ^ii France^ 
not exceeding \ oz. 8d., | oz. is. 4d., I oz. 2s. ; registr. fee 8d. ^ oz. ; news> 
papers, 4 oz. id. Money orders are issued, which are available. 

Money — The sovereign is worth 6 dollars and 20 silbeigroschen in Saxony. 
The d(jllar has 30 silbergroschen (same as in Prussia.) 

The foot = II -[\j inches. The acre = I acre i( rood. The eimerCat 
Dre.>dcn) = 14^^ gallons. The eimer (at I^ipsic) = 16^ gallons. T^ 
wispel (at Dresden) = 69^0 bushels. 'I1ie wispel (at Leipsig) 91-^ ^-^^m'K' 
The pound — i jijy pounds. 

Consul (American) — O. H. Irish, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ — William Knarp, Esq. 

Clergymen (Protestant)— Rev. Wm. Ridley, M.A. : Rer. J.S. Gildodalb 
M.A. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Hotel— Holel dc Swe. 

T. M-— 6s. 

DREUX. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Pans, Versailles. 

A town of Fmnce, dep. Eure-et-Loir, near 1. bank of rivet Eure, 20 m. N. 
of Cbartres, and 41 m. W. by S. of Paris. Pop. 7,100. The hotel dc rillt 
and cathednd are handsome edi&ces. The ancient chalenu of the Counts 
of Dreox was repaired, 1846, by Louis Philiippe. Dreoi is the burial place 
of the Orleans family. 

War 1870-71 — DreiK was cajitorcd by Ihc Germans, tinder Von Treskow, 
17th Nov. 1870. 

Hold— Tete d'Or. 

T. M.-35.4d. 

DROGHEDA. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, 
see page lii, vi& Chester and Holyhead. 

A sea-pon lo-«a of Ireland, on the Boyne, 5 m. W. of Ihc Irish Sea and 
32 m. N. Dublin, on tlie railway from Dublin to Dundalk and Belfast; lat. 
S3" 43' ^^ ''■■"■ 6° 20' W. I\'p. li,70o. ll has a fiue h.irbour, a Roman 
Cathtdic cathedral, custom house, mariiet hoi^se, chorches, &c. There is con- 
uderable industry in flax spinning and salt works, breweries, tanneries, and 
SOW) works. The chief trade consists in the expoit of agricultural produce and 
(rf linens. Timber is largely imported here from Briti^ N. America. 1,205 
vessels, of 141,591 tons bui-den, entered and cleared the port in 1869. 

Member of Parliament — Thomas Whitwoith, Elsq. (L), London residence, 
II, Holland-park, W. 

Bank— Belfast Banking Company, Nathaniel Green, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondcDl. the Union Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.G. 

Lloyd's Agent — Vacant. (Sub Agent.) 

Hotel— Imperial. 



DROITWICH.— Route from London by rail (Paddington 
Station), 6, 10 a.m. ; 2.20, 6.20 p.m. Sundays, 2.30 p.m. Farts : 
ais. 4d. ist cl, 153. lod. 2nd cl., 10s. id. 3rd cl. 

A town and pari, bor.of England, co. Worcester, 7 m. N.N.E. Worcester, 
and 1251 m. from l^ndon by Gl, W. Ry. ; lat. 15' 16' N., Ion. 2" 13' W. 
I'op. of pari, bor., 7,000: of town, 3,000. It 15 famous for its salt springs. 

Member of Parliament— Rt. Hon. Sir J. S. Pakington, Bart. (C), London 
residence. 9, Eaton-square, S.W. 

Bank— Worcester City and County Bank (Branch) ; London correspondent, 
the London loinl Stock Bank, 5, Princes-street, E.C. 

Hotel— 'Ihc Royal. 

DRONTHEIM, or TRONDHJEM.— For steamers, see 
Tables. 

A sea-port town, and the former cap. Ot Norway, attractive!)' xiluated on 
the S. shore of an extensive lion) called by its name, on a bay formed "by the 
outlet of the river Nid ; Ut. 63" 25' N., loo. 10' 34' £- Fop- i9>30O. It ■■ 




146 Our Ocean Highways. 



well built, and has several remarkable edifices, by much the most attractive 
Ijciiig its ancient cathedral, which dates from the nth century. Droxilheim has 
ship-ijuildinj; yards, and exjiorts timber, with dried fish, tar, and copper. The 
project of a railway to connect Drontheim with Christiania has been submitted 
tu the Norwefjian legislature, and is likely to be approved. 

Vice Consul ( British ')- H. liachke, Esq. 

Consular Agent (American)— M. II. Lenndgreen, lilsq. 

IJank -Messrs. Jansenn el Cie. ; London correspondent, the National 
Hank, 13, Old Hroad -street, E.C. (Circular ^wtes.) 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Hermann, lloe and Co. 

T. M.— 5s. 

DUBLIN. — Rotite from London by Irish mail trains, see 

])agt; Hi, via Chester and Holyhead. For steamers, sec Tables 

((jt. Britain local steam lines). 

The metiopolis of Ireland, and the seat of the viceroy, of an archbisho)\ 
and of a university, is seated at the cvlremity of a spacious bay, 7 m. from the 
Irish Sea, not far from the mouth of the river Liffey, over which there are six 
stone and tliree iron bridges ; hit. 53** 20' N., Ion. 6' 12' \V. Pop. 255,000. 
It is a rich, han<lsome, and populous city, and has two cathedrals, ChTi«»l 
Church and St. ratrick'<. The castle of Dublin is the residence of the viceroy, ami 
forms in itscli a handsome sipiare. It lies in an elevated position in the middle of 
the cily, and contains an arsenal, armour)', &c. The other principal public build- 
iuLjs are llur custom house, bank, post office, four courts, national galler)*, Kil- 
maiuham royal ho<]>ital, barracks, theatres, hospital for incurables. &c. In 
l'hu'ni\ Tark are the vice-regal Kxlgc, zoological garden, medical infirmary, &c. 
The univcrsily, Trinity-college, is a fine structure, and attended by about 1,500 
students. Tiic town of l)ul)Iin is extensive ; it has a chamber of commerce, 
and steam conmiunicalion with all the ]>rincipal jiorts of ICurope and America. 
The imports comprise wine, lea, cofiee, sugar, tobacco, timber, &c. The har- 
bour has been greatly improvetl ; large vessels can load and unload at the quays. 
The chief exj.'orls consist of linens, poplin, porter, and provisions. 1 1. 752 
\es.sels, of 2,434,445 ti)ns burden, entered and cleared the port of Dublin in 

Si embers of Parliament — County ^ Ion Trant Hamilton, Esq. (C). linden 
residence, ii, Lc)wndes-street, S.W., ; Rt. Hon. Lieut.-Col. T. E. Taylor (C), 
Lfjndon residence, 99, Eaton-sipiare, S.W. O/v, Jonathan Pirn, E-sq. (I.), 
London residence, Westminster Palace Hotel, S.W. ; Sir Dominic Corrigan, 
r>art. (L), Lond«»n residence, Westminster Palace Hotel, S.W. Dublin Univer- 
i.ity, Rl. Hon. John T. Hall, LL.D. (C) ; Hon. David Kol>ert Plunkctl (C), 
London residence, 34, Duke-street, St. James's, S.W. 

(/onsul (Americ.m) — K. 1). Neill, Esq. 

\"ice Consul ,, J. Rainsford, Esq. 

Hanks —liank of Ireland ; London correspondent, Messrs. Bamett, Hoare 
an«l Co., 62, Lombard-street, E.C. Ball and Co. ; Lon. cor., Messrs. Ransom 
and Co., I, Pall Mall East. IJoyle, Low, Murray and Co. ; Lon. cor., Messi>. 
Williams, Deacon and Co., 20, Hirchin-lane, E.C. Guinness and Co. , Lon. 
cor., London and County Bank, 21, Ix>ml>ard-strcet, E.C. Branch of the 
National Hank, 34, College-green, l-'rancis John Power, Esq., mang. ; Lon. 
cor.. National Iiank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — John Walsh. Es<i. 

Hotels — Tlie Hibernian, Daw.son-strect, George Ncsbitt, proprietor; the 
Shelbourne, Stephens-green, Messrs. Cotton and Goodnuui, proprietori. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



DUDLEY.— Rail from London (Paddington), vi& Binning- 
ham, 6, lo, and ii a.m. ; ia.30, 2. 20, 3.30, and 6.20 p.m. Sun- 
days, 9 a-m. ; j.30 p.in. Fares: iis. 4d., i6s., los. id. Also 
ri & I., and N. W. Ry. (Euston Station). Fares as above. 

A lomi ind pari. bor. of England, to. Worcester, lies 10 di. W.N.W. Bir- 
mingfaain, 36 m, N. Worcester, and 147 m. rrom London by Gt. W. Kjr. ; lat. 
52' 31' N., Ion. 3' 4' W. Pop. 45,000, The sppearauce ^ the tou-n i& neal, 
and the houses are generally well built. There is little iti ihe external asiiecl 
of the town to attract notice ; but the remains of an ancient caslle, anil the 
fossil contents of the hill upon which they stand, posbcu [nteicA for liie ami- 
quarion and the geologisl, respectively. In Ihe vianily of Dudley ai^ scvenl 
i.-h3ly1>eate spHngs, and a spa-well, famed for their efBcicy in Ibe cure of 

Member of Parliament — H. Brinaley Sheridan, Esq. (1.), Loadoo iciiidence, 
a4. King William -street, E.C. 

Dank —Dudley and West Bromwich Bankiog Co., W. H.CIertMw, £w],, 
niojig, ; London correspondent, Messn, Williams, Deacon tii& Co., 20, 
Birchin-lanc, E.C. 

Hotel— The Dudley Arras. 

DUISBURG.— Rome from London, see Diisseldorf ; thence 
by rail, vi& Groszenbaum. 

A manufacturing town of Prussian Germany, Rhine prov., situated beside 
the stream of the Ruhr, 3 m. above its entrance into the Rhine (to the E. nf 
the latter), 14 m. N. of Diis^ldotf and 35 N. by W. of Cologne 1 laf, 51' 16' 
N., Ion. 6* 45' E. Pop. 25,700. The valley of the Ruhr, above Duisbu^', 
presents a busy scene of industry, in connection with coal-mining and iron 

Hotel — Europaischer. 
T. M.— 6s. 

DUMBARTON.— Rail from London by Scotch mail trains, 
see pages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), via 
Carlisle; Gt. N. Ry. (Kings Cross), viA York. 

A town of Scotland, co. Dumbarton, 15 m. N.W. Glisgow, at the con- 
Raence of the rivers Leven and Clyde, on the railway from Glasgow to IIolen^- 
baigh ; lat. 55" 57' N., Ion, 4° 34' W, Pop. 6,IOO. Il contains building 
yards for Iht conslruclion of iron ships. Dumbarton castle stands on a stcc]' 
rock where Ihe two rivers join, and presents a very picturesque appearance. 

Member of Parliament — Cmtnly, Arch, Orr Ewing, tsq. (C), London 
residence, 22, Princes-gardens, W. 

Bank— Commercial Bank of Scotland, John Robson, Esq., mang. ; l^ndon 
correspondent, the London an<l Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbnry, E.C. 

DUMFRIES. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, 
see pages lii to liv L, and N". W. Ry. (Euston Square), rviJ Car- 
lisle ; Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), ria York. 

A town and pari, bor. of Scotland, co. Dumfries, 30 m. N.N, W. CarlLtle, 
64 m. S. by W. i:<iinburch, and 333 m. from London by I„ and N. W. Ry. : 
lat. 55*4' N.,lou. 3' 36' \V. ['op. of pail, bor., 14,000 ; of town, 11,300. Iti* 

k 2 




148 Our Occaji Highways. 



pleasantly situated between two hill?», on the river Nith, 8 m. from its mouth 
in the Sol way Firtli. It has tanneries and metal works. The principal 
foreign trade is with America and the Haltic for timber ; the remainder is coast- 
ing trade. 812 vessels, with a tonnage of 46,212, entered and cleared the 
l>ort during 1869. 

Bank — Commercial Bank of Scotland, Messrs. Primrose and Gordon, 
mangs. ; London correspondent, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Loth- 
bury, E. C. 

Hotel — King's Arms. 

DUNBAR. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, see 
pages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), ind Carlisle; 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), via York. 

A sea-port of Scotland, co. Haddington, on the shore of the North Sea, 
and at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, 28 m. E. of Edinburgh, and 30 m. 
N.W. of Berwick-upon-Tweed; lat. 56" o' N., Ion. 2* 31' \V. Pop. 3,80a 
[ts chief trade is in connection with the herring fishery. It has a great name 
in histor)'. and repeatedly changed hands in the course of the frequent ^'arfare 
between the English antl the Scots. Cromwell's victory in 1650 was gained 
immediately to the S.F-. of the town. 

Bank —Commercial Bank of Scotland, W. H. Ritchie, Esq., agent ; Lon- 
don correspondent, London and Westminster Bank, 41, Ix)thbury, E.G. 

Lloyd's Agent — Mes>rs. J. and J. T. Kirkwood. 

DUNDALK. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A sea-port and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Ix)uth, at the mouth of the Castle- 
town river, 20 m. N.N.W. Drogheda, anfi45 m. N. Dublin, on the rail way from 
Dublin to Belfast; lat. 53' 55' N., Ion. 6' 15' \V. Pop. of pari, bor., 10,300. 
The county court house is an elegant motlcm structure; there are, besides, a 
cu-itom house, court house, county gaol, guildhall, and union. l*he harbour is 
good ; fishing extensive. Exj^orts : grain, coal, and slate. 

Members of Parliament— C'<ww/r Louth^ Rt. Hon. C. S. Eortescue (L), 
London residence, 7, Carlton-ganiens, S.W. M. O'Reilly Dease, Esq. (L), 
Londi^n residence, 19, Clifrt)r(l-street, W. Duttdalk^ Philip Callan, Esq. (L), 
London re>>idence, Reform Club, S.W. 

Bank Branch of the National Bank, Michael Comyn, Esq., mang. ; 
liOndon correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. 

Lloyd's Agent— Joseph Farrell, Lmj. 

Hotel — Queen's Arms. 

DUNDEE. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, sec 
pages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vid Carlisle; 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), via York. 

A sea-port of Scotland, on the N. side of the Firth of Tay, 14111. N.W. 
St. Andrew's, 36 m. N. Kdinburgh, and 452 m. from London by Gt. N. Ry.; 
lat. 56' 27' N., Ion. 2* 58' W. Top. 100,000. The town stretches for more 
than a mile along the Tay, and stands mostly on a slope which terminates in a 
hill calle<l Dundee Law. Dundee is irregularly built, but has some fine streets 
<liverging from the centre. High-street, to various parts of the town. The 
princijxil buildings are St. Mary's church, the town hall, exchange, Watt In- 



Our Ocean Highways. 



slilulion, custom house, conn house, mfinnary, barracks, bridewell, &c. In 
the suburbs lad along ihe Tay are rnoii^ handsome private residcnm and villas, 
and at the eastern cod or tne (own is a lai^e park. The manu^Iurcs and 
trade in linen and jute are important, and give emplojmenl lo many thousand 
per»Tu. Ship building, inclitdii^ the con&tniclion of iron vssels, u exten- 
sively carried on, besides which, Dundee has breweries, foundries, lannerics 
soap works, uul tobacco factories. Coal and iron are procured in the vicinity. 
2,351 vessels entered and cleared the port in 1869, vrilh a lotuutge of 493,583 
tous burden. 

Members of Parliament— George Armitstead, Esq. (L), London residence, 
la. Queen' s-gate-ulace, W. Sir John Ogilvy, Batl, (L), London residence, 5, 
Grafton-strcet, W. 

Consul (American)— James Smith, Esq. 

Bank— Clydesdale Banking Company, Messrs. D. Sydney and Alexander 
Scott, mang^. ; I^ndon correspondent, Ixindon and Wcstmintler Bank, 41, 
Lothbury, E.C. 

Lloyil's Agcnl— William Crighlon, Esq. 

Hocet— The RoyaL 

DUNEDIN. — For steamers, see Auckland ; thence by load 

sieam line. 

A i.Avri ,inil linn of N. Zealand (S. Island), cap. prov. Olago. lineiy 
Mli'' . I J. . , li -l.i.Tir, or Port Chalmers; lal. 45* 5a''S., Ion. 

17.' I rliL- harboor isaniacious arm of Ihe Pacific, 

«i liliocLs of weather. It is backed lo ihe 

N.W. by hiil, of cun.klfrablt lieighl. 

Baak-Tlit Hankof Nen South Walt 
correspondent, the Bank of New South 

DUNF AN AGHY.— Route from London, see Irish i.,,... 
trains, page lii,r'W Chester and Holyhead. 

A little lo«n and port of Ireland, co. Donegal, on an arm of Sheep Haven, 
an inlet of some magnitude near the N.W. extremity of the island; lat. 55' 
ll'N., Ion. 70° 59' W. Pop. 657. 

LloydV Ageiu-lieorge Frarer Brady, Msq. 

Hotel— 

DUNGANNON.— Routt from Ijandon by Irish mail trains, 
see page lii, i-iii Chester and Holyhead. 

A town .ind pari, bor, of Ireland, co. Tyrone. 7 m. W. Lough Neagh, on 
the laiKay firm Dumlalk lo Ixindomlcrry ; lal. 54° 3o' N'. Ion. 6" 46' W. 
Pop. of pari. Ixir.. 4,000. It i<: lituateil on a hill, and has an ancienf church, 
court house, market, union, and some manufactures in linen and earthenware. 

Member of Parliament- Lieut. -Col. Hon. W.Stuart Knox (C), London 
residence, 5, Scymour-slreet, Ponman-M|uare, W. 

Bank— Belfast Banking Company (Branch), H. M. Pentlaud. Kw}., mang. ; 
London correspond em, the Union Bank. J. Princcs-jtreel, E.C 

Hotel — Ranfutly Arms. 

DUNGARV AN. —Route from London by Irish mail trains, 
see page hi, rid Chester and Holyhead. 




150 Our Ocean Highways. 



A town and pari. hox. of Ireland, co. Waterfonl, 25 m. W. by S. Water- 
ford, and 106 m. from Dublin ; lat. 52' 35' N., Ion. 7* 6' W. Pop. of pari. 
hor., 5,900. It lies near the mouth of the Colligan river, across whicn there is a 
bridge connecting it with Abbey&ide, iti* suburb. There is an old Gastlc» used 
as a barrack. It is much resorted to for sea bathing. 

Member of Parliament — Henry Matthews, Esq. (L), London residence, 5> 
Paper-buildings, Temple, E.G. 

Bank — Branch of the National Bank, Robert Francis Kennedy, Esq.^ 
mang. ; Ix)ndon correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Hotel — Anthony's. 

DUNKIRK. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, and Hazebrouk. 

A sea-port town of France, dep. Nord, on the North Sea, less than 10 n. 
distant from the Belgian frontier, 22 m. S.W. Ostend and 46 m. E.S.E. Dover, 
on a branch of the railway from Paris to Calais ; lat. 51* 2' N., Ion. a* 23' E. 
Pop. 33,000. Dunkirk i.s divided into the old and new towns ; has a citadel, 
town hall, college, theatre, churches, &c., and a few soap manufactories and 
tanneries. The imports consist of wool, wheat, oil, jute, hemp, flax, coal, iron, 
and machinery. Exports : corn, flour, potatoes, fruit, eggs, sugar and wine, 
of the latter more than a million litres annually. The harbour is lam and 
commodious, but difficult of access to vessels drawing more than 14 ft. Work& 
fur its improvement have been long in contemplation. 

Consul (British) — Col. Hon. Berkeley Wodehouse. 

Vice Consul ,, George Carlier, Esq. 

Consular Agent (American) — H. I^matirc, Esq. 

Bank — Messrs. de Forcade et Cie. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Baring 
Brothers and Co., 8, Bishopsgate-street-within, E.C. ( Circular noUs. ) 

I^loyd's Agent — Messrs. Emile Carlier and Wm. Emile George C-arlier. 

Hotel — Chapeau Rouge. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

DURAZZO. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Turkey, on the E. shore of the Adriatic, and on the S. skle 
of a projecting tongue of land, 7 m. Cape Pali ; lat. 41' 21' N., Ion. 19* 27* E 
Pop. 10,000. The town is surrounded with walls, and fortified. It has some 
trade in the export of com. The bay, on the N. side of which it stands, is C m. 
broad, with from 7 to 3 fathoms water, the best anchorage being about l\m. 
S. bv ¥.. from the town. 

f . M.— 9s. 

DUf^BAN. — For steamers, see Natal. 

The principal port of Natal, S. Africa, on N. side of harbour of Poit 
Natal, a bay of the Indian Ocean, 42 m. S.E. of Maritzbon^ (the cap. of the 
colony), and 800 m. E.N.E. of Cape Town ; lat. 29* 52 S., Ion. 31* 2' E. 
Pop. about 2,000. Port Natal is an extensive circular basin, with a narrow 
entrance, im]icded by a bar, but aflbrding safe shelter within. 

Banks — Bank of Natal ; London correspondent, London and Wertminster 
Bank, 41, Ix>thbury, K.C. Standard Bank of British South Africa; Lon. 
cor., Standard Bank of British South Africa, lo, ClementVlane, E.C. 
London and South African Bank ; Ix>n. cor., London and South African Bank, 
10, King William-street, E.C. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



DURHAM.— Rail from London (King's Cross), 7.40, 9 
and 12 a.m. ; s-js and 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a.ni. ; 9,15 p.m. 
Fares : 45s. 4d., 34s. 4d., ais. 3d, Also vid Midland Line (St. 
Pancras Station). Fares as above. 

An ancit?nt cily of Eogland, cap. of co. of soar aume, lies on the Wear, 

14 m. S. Newca-Mle, 65 m. N.N.W. Yorlt, on (he York »nd Newiaalie Rt., 
uid j6i m. N. by W. London by Gl. N. Ry.; IM. 54° 46' N.. Ion. i" 54' W. 
Pop. 14,000. It is almost sunounrted bylhe river Wear, which is crowed by 
three bridge?. The chief object* of inlercrt arc the cathetlnU, a magnilicent 
edifice of Normno architecture, datbg from the 13th century, and the castle, 
now used fur llie univertuty. 

Members of Parliament— Cowm^, NvrtM, George Elliot, Esq. (C). London 
residence, 13, Great George- street, S.W.; Sir H. Wiiliamson, Bart. (L), 
■.ODdon residence, 17, Eaton-place, S.W. SokIA, Joseph W, Pease, Esq. JL), 
London residence, iS, Princa-gardens, W.; Captain F, C. B. Beaumont (L), 
London residcQce, JA, Victoria-street, S.W. Cil^-.John Henderson. Esi). (L), 
London residence. Reform Club, S.W. ; John Lloyd Wharton, Esq., 43, St. 
James's- place, S.W. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England, Kichanl Hodges, £iq., 
manf;.; London correspondent, ihc National Provbcial Bank of En^ftud, 111, 
Bishopsealt-vlrcet, E C. 

Hotel — The County. 

DUSSELDORF — Route from London by rail, fixed mai' 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix-la- 
Chapelle, and Cologne. 

A town of Prussian Germany, on r. bank of Rhine (at the confluence of 
the little stream of the Dussel), on the main line of railway from Cologne lo 
Berlin, 22 m. W.N.W. of the former, and 25 m. S. Wesel ; lal. si" 14' N.. 
Ion. 6° 47' E. Pop. 63,000. It is a thriving city, and divided into the 
'Altstadt,' 'Ncustadl,' and 'KarlsUdt.' It is well built, and has an ancient 
Ca-stle, town hall, barracks, academy, observatory, theatre, and some fine old 
churches. Laige quantities of coal are shipped here for the Netherlands, and 
there is an eitensive trade in com, oil. and wine. 

Consular Agent (American) — Henry Louis, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant)— Rev. G. E. Broade. M.A. 

Hank — Messrs. Breddingham et Cie., 8z6. Casemen Strasse ; London 
correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circtilarnolts ) 

Hotel — De 1' Europe. 

T. M.— 6s. 

EASTBOURNE.— Rail from London (Victoria Station), 
S-4S. 95° ^nd 11.50 a.m.; 1.15 3.40 and 6.17 p.m. Sundays, 
6.20, and 6.50 p.m. Fares : 13s., 9s. 6d., 5s. sd. 

A seaside town of England, co. Sussex, 3! m. to the E. of Beachy Head, 

15 m, to the S.E. of Lewes and 65 m. by L. B, and S. C. Ry. from London ; 
lal. 50° 46' N.| Ion. 0° is' E. Pop. S,8oo. It is much frequented as a 
watering-place, is lighted with gas. and well supplied with pure water. It 
contains a coastguard station, military dep6t, theatre, and bank, also a 
chalybeate spring. The church is an ancient structure, with a tower containing 
a |ieal of bells. It contains a curious old font. 




152 Our Ocean Highways. 



Bank — Messrs. Whitfield and Co., Josiah Bro>%Tie, Esq., mang. ; Ix>iidoii cor- 
respondent, Messrs. Williams, Deacon, and Co., 20, Birchin-lane, E.C. 
Lloyd's Agent — Vacant. 
Hotel — The Burlington. 

EAST LONDON.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A port of the Cape Colony, S. Africa, at the mouth of Buffalo river ; laL 
33" 2' S., Ion. 27"* 59' E. It is the port of King William Town, the chief place 
in the prov. of British Caffraria, 31m. distant, to the N. W. 

EAST RETFORD.— See RETFORD. 

EAUX BONNES. — Route from London by rail, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, to Pau ; thence by carriage. 

A village and bathing-place of France, dep. Basses Pyrenees, lying in a 
gorge formed by a little anluent of the Gave Ossau (Adour basin), within the 
higher mountain region, at an altitude of 2,5cx)ft. above the sea, 24 m. S. of 
Pau ; lat. 42^ 57' N., Ion. o** 23' W. Its springs are thermal and impregnated 
with sulphur. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. E. T. Hoare. 

Hotels — l)cs Princes ; de France. 

T. M. -3s. 4(1. 

EAUX. CHAUDES.— Route from London, by rail, fixed 

mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, to Pau ; thence by carriage. 

A village and bathing-place within the same region as the above, and lying 
a few miles to the S. W., at an elevation of 2,2CX)ft. Its waters (with the ex- 
ception of one spring) are of high temperature, and sulphureous. Some of the 
grandest scenery is of ready access from either place. The famous Pic du Midi 
is only a few miles distant to the South. 

CIerg)'man (Protestant) — Rev. E. T. Hoare. 

Hotel — De France. 

T. M. — 3s. 4d. 

EDGECUMBE BAY, see PORT DENISON. 

EDIN BU RGH. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, 
see pages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vi& Car- 
lisle, (it. N. Ry. (King's Cross), viA York. 

The metropolis of Scotland, 2 m. S.S.W. Lcith, which is its port, and 
399 m. from London by (Jt. N. Ry., occupies two ridges of high ground which 
lie parallel to one another, in the direction of E. and W. The old town lies on 
the more soutliwardly ridge. A precipitous rock, accessible only on one side, 
and crowned by an ancient castle, forms the most conspicuous feature in the 
topography of Kdinburgh ; it rises in the very heart of the town, at the western 
extremity of the High-street, which stretches thence, through the length of the 
old town, tt) the ancient palace of liolyrood, at its lower or eastern end. The new 
town has wide streets, large squares, and contains St. George's and St. Andrew's 
churches, royal academy, royal institution, observatory, high school, post office, 
&c. In the old town are the assembly hall, St. Giles's church, the pqrl'amfnt 
house, exchange, town hall, university, and the palace of Hol}TOod, once the 



Our Ocean Higkmays. 



nsidence of the S coltish kinps. Kdinbiugh conlainsmioy tdutatiunaJ, scientific, 
lit«aiT, and charitable institutions, foremost sraoncsl which arc the university, 
vi&il«i by ticaily 2,000 students annually, the high school, Heriot's hospital, 
JCdinburgh academy, college of physiciaiu, college of surgeons, fine arts insti- 
tution, Watson's institute, &c. Pop. i6S,ooo. 

Members of Parliomenl— Cduh^, Sir A. Gibson Maitland, Batt. (L), Lon- 
Aaa reudence, 13, Bury-slrect, St. James's, S.W. City, Duncan M'I.areii, 
Escj. (L), London residence, Grove House, Crove-ioad, Claphani-patk, S.VT.; 
John MilUr, Esq. (L), London residence, 46, Hydc-park-square, W, Edin- 
biavA and St. Andrew's Univfriilia, Dr. Lyon PlayCiir (L), London residence, 
4, Queensbury-plnce, Cromwell-road, S.W. 

Banks — Commercial Bank of Scotland, Tunes Reid, Esq., sec; London 
<>3rrcspondent, Messrs. Coutls and Co., 59, Strand, W.C. National Bank of 
Scotland, W. J. Duncan, Esq., mang.; Ltm. cor.. National Bank of Scotland, 

eNicholas-laoe, E.C. Royal Bank of Scotland, James Wright, Estj., sec; 
n. cor., the Bank of England. Union Bank of Scotland, James Hay, Esq., 
mang.; Lon. cor,, Messrs, Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Co., 67, Lombard -street, 
E.C. 

Hotel— The Douglas, Si. Andrew's- square, Thomas Slaney, propiicloi. 

EGER.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
pages Iv to Ixxii, viS Bamberg (which see), Reichenbach (junc). 

A town of Bohemia (Austrian Kmp,), in the N.W. conn^i ■•! the prov,. 
only a short distance from the Bavarian frontier, on the river Egcr, an affluent 
of the Elbe, 90 m, W. of Prapie ; lat. 50° 6' N., Ion, li° 23' E. Pop. 13,440- 
It is on the line of railway to Carlsbad, which ties 25 m. to the N.E. Eger is 
hutoricnlly noteworthy as the scene of Wallenstein's death. 

Hotels Eisenbahner Hof, 

T. M.— 6s. 

EISENACH. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, ind Dover, Calais, or Ostend, Bnissels, 
Cologne. 

A town of Germany, grand-duchy Saxe-Weimar, situated in a beautiful 
valley amongst the wooded heights of the Thuringian Forest, 17 m. W. by N. 
of Gotha, and 44 m. W. of Weimar ; Ul. 50° sS' N., Jon. 10° 19' E. Pop. 
12,900. The castle of Wartburg, in its immediate vicinity, once aFTorded 
shelter to I.ulhcr. 

Hotel— Thuringer Hof. 

T. M,— 6s. 

ELBA.^ — For steamers, see Tables. 

An island in the Mediterranean Sea, l>etween the coast of Italy and the 
islanil of Corsica, the channel of Piombino separating the island from the 
mainland. It i-i aliout 15 ni. long, by 8 or 9 m. broad, and lies in ial. 42° 50' 
N., Ion. 16° i^' E. Pop, 25.000. The island is mountainous, but hat some 
considerable P^'O't which, however, produce hardly sufficient com for the 

Kpulation. The wine QTOwn here is eicellent, and the fruit delicious. Near 
irto Fcrrajo, the capital, and best port of the island, there are several iron 
mines a.'; well as marble quarries. The iron is mostly shipped at the port of 
Follonica. Napoleon I, resided at Port Fenajo from 3rd May, 1814, till 26th 
February, 1815, 




154 Our Ocean Highways. 



ELBERFELD.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viSi Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix- 
la-Chapelle, Cologne, and Diisseldorf. 

A town of Prussian Germany, Rhine prov., 15 m. E. by N. DusseUoif, 
and 23 m. N.N.E. Cologne, on the railway from Berlin to Diisseldorf; laL 
50** \i N., Ion. 7*" 9' £. Pop. 65,000. The town stands on both aides of the 
river Wiipper. It is the greatest market of Germany for linen and cotton 
goods, thread, lace and ribbons, and silks. The raw yam sent here from all 
parts of Germany Ls manufactured in large quantities, besides which dyeing 
IS extensively carried on. The district in which Elberfeld lies, the " Wiipper* 
thai," is one of the most industrious and most thriving in Germjuiy. 

Bank — Messrs. Von der Hcydt Kersten et fils ; London correspondent^ 
the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, £^C. (CircMlarnota) 

Hotel — Weidenhof. 

T. M. — 6s. 

EL BE UP. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services^ 

see pages Iv to Ixxii. 

A town of France, dcp. Seine Inferieure, on 1. bank of tiver Seine, 10 m. 
S.S.W. of Rouen, and 68 m. N.W. of Paris; lat. 49' 18* N., loo. ToTE. 

Pop. 21,780. It is noted for its woollen cloths and its dye works. 
Hotel — Faisan d'Or. 
T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

ELGIN. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, see 
pages Hi to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vi& Carlisle^ 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), via York. 

A town and pari. bor. of Scotland, co. Elgin, 37 m. £. Inverness. lao nu 
N. of Edinburgh, and 630J m. from London by Gt. N. Ry. ; lat. 57* 59' N.» 
Ion. 3** 22' W. Pop. 6,400. It is situated on the river Lossie, and was for- 
merly the see of a bishop. The few remaining fragments of its venerable cathe* 
dral are carefully preserved. 5 m. from the town lies its port, Loasiemoathy 
which has a good harbour, and with which Elgin is connected hy laiL 

Member of Parliament — Lieut. -Col. Hon. James Grant (C), London resi- 
dence, 19, Chapel-street, S.W. 

Bank — Commercial Bank of Scotland, Alexander Mackenzie, Eaq., maBC.; 
London corres]>ondent, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbiuy, KG. 

Hotel — Gordon Arms. 

ELSINEUR(Dan. HELSINGOR).— Route from Loih 

don, see Copenhagen ; thence by rail or steamer. For steamers, 

see Tables. 

A maritime town of Denmark, on the E. shore of the island of Zraland, 
at the narrowest part of the Sound, 7 m. W. Helsingborg in Sweden, and 20 m. 
N. by E. Copenhagen; lat. 56' 2' N., Ion. 12* 36 E. Pop. 9,00a On the 
N.E. side of the town is the castle of Cronboig. It is one of the finat 
structures of the kind in Europe. From the summit of the lightboaae of dUs 
fortress there is a magnificent view, especially in summer, when the SoQud it 
crowded with shipping. Queen Matilda, sister of George III., was ii?i*^"f^ 
here for some years. 



Oiir Ocean Highways. 



Consul (Briliih}— Bridges Tajrlor, Esq, 
Vice Consul „ William Robert Utltuim, Esq. 
CoDsul (AroericanJ—C. C. SfceftU. Ew. 

Bank — Metsis. Fenwick et Cle. ; Lonaon correspondent, Mef^rs. Hemes, 
Fafqabar and Co., l6, SL James's-street, S.\\'. (Circular nola.) 
Lloyd's Agent— Charles Pryty, Esq. 
Hole! — Oresund, M. Brigirs, proprietor. 
T. M.-6s. 

EMDEN. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to btxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologncj Diis- 
seldorf. Ham, Miinster, and Rheine (June.) 

A sen-port of Prussian Germany, prov. Hanover, on the Ems, i& m. E. N. E_ 
Groningen and 46 m. W.N.W. Oldenbuij, on the lenninus of the railway 
from Hanover lo the Gulf of the DoUarl ; lit. 53° li'N., Ion. 7' la' EI. Pup, 
ij.ooo. llic poil is large, but i^ballou' ; the roadstead has, however, water 
sufficient lo float vessels of any siie. Emden has a more esletisive trade in 
oat'i thin any other port in Europe, and iU general commerce is also conu- 

Bank— Mears. V. and D. Brons. 

Lloyd's Agent— Messrs. V. and D. Brons. 

H0tfl-Po5l. 

T. M.-6S. 

EMMERICH.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 

services, see pages Iv to Ixxii. 

A town of Prustiian Germany, Rhine prov., on r. bank of river Rhine, 5 
m. N.E. of Cleves, and 48 m. N.W. of Diisseldorf ; Ut. Si" 50' N., Ion. 6* 
IS'E. Pop. 8,050. 

Hotel- De Holland. 

T. M.— 6s. 

EMS. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, see 
pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, and Co- 
bientz. Or, via Dover and Ostend. 

A watering-place of Prussian Germany, prov. Hessen- Nassau, attractively 
situated on the river Lahn, 3 m. W. of the town of Na-ssau, and 27 m. N.W. 
of Wiesbaden ; lal. 53° 20' N., Ion. 7° 7' E. Pop. 4,400. Il is one of the 
most aristocratic watcring.places on the continent, but has few attractions, and 
is very hot in midsummer. The springs are warm and calcareous ; average 
temperature about 100° Fahr. 

Clergyman (Protest.mt)— Kev. William George Parminter. 

Uank — Messrs. Hecker and Jung; l.on<ion correspondent, (he National 
Bank, 13. Old Broad-street, E,C. (Circular nalrs,) 

Hotel— Vit-rjahresicilen. 

T. M.— 6s. 

ENNIS. — Route from London by Irish mail trains, see 
page lii, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A town and pari. bor. of Ireland, Co. Clare, JO m. N.W, Limerick, on the 
railway from Limerick to Galway, and nam. S.W. Dublin; lat. 53" Jo' N.. 




156 Our Ocean Highways. 



Ion. 9" i' W. Pop. 7,000. It lies on the river Fergus, which is iia\'igable 
for larjje boats, and lias a considerable trade. 

Members of Parliament — County ClarCy Colonel C. M. Vandeleur (C), 
London residence, Carlton Club, S. W. ; Rt. Hon. Sir C. 0*Loghlen, Bart. 
(L), London residence. Reform Club, S.W. Borough ^Cz.'^iaAn. William Stack> 
pool, 26, Oakeley-square, S.W. 

Hank — Branch of National Bank, John Harnett Milward, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent. National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. 

Hotel -Carmody's. 

ENNISKILLEN.— Route from London by Irish mail 

trains, see page Hi, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A town and pari. bor. of Ireland, co. Fermanagh, 24 m. E. Ballyshannon, 
and 85 m. N.N. W. Dublin ; lat. 54" 21' N., Ion. f 40' W. Pop. 5,80a Is 
a neat and thriving town, situated on an island in Lough Erne. It has a town 
hall, court house, linen hall, barracks, workhouse, &c., and manufacture of 
cutlery. 

Members of Parliament — County Fermanagh^ Capt. M. E. Archdall (C), 
London residence, 41, Half-moon-strcet, W. ; Lieut.-Col. Hon. Henry A. Cole 
(C), London residence, 97, Mount-street, W. Borough^ Viscount Crichton 
(C), London residence, 95, Katon-scjuare, S.W. 

Bank -Ulster Banking Co. (Branch), Samuel Clarke, £sq.,niang. ; London 
correspondent, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbury, E.C. 

Hotel -The Imperial. 

EN OS. — Route from London, see Gallipoli; thence by 

sailing packet. 

A sea-port of European Turkey. Roumelia, 38 m. N.W. Gallipoli and 125 
m. W\ Constantinoj)le, on the Archipelago, at the influx of the Maritza into the 
(iulf of Knos ; lat. 40" 44' N., Ion. 26** 3' E. Pop. hardly 4,000, of which 1,000 
are Mussulnien. In 1852 the population was more than 8, OOO. An excessive 
mortality llirough fever has caused this terrible decrease in population. Inno- 
ilations had left behind them stagnant waters, which sent fortn^deadly miasmata. 
The iit)rt would hardly exist but in name were it not for the immense advantages 
it possesses, as the most accessible point from which the grain of Roumelia can 
1h* cxp« )rted at lea>t cost. Several proposals have l>een made for the improvement 
of the mouth of the Maritza. The grain is brought down on radans, an insecure 
kind of craft, which are frequently lost in the rapids. The ships receiving the 
grain have to anchor at l.)rago<lina, about 2 m. from Enos. 'llie grain stores 
of Knos are extensive, and they are well constructed. Stone abounds, and 
is taken from the many deserted houses. There can be no doubt that, if the 
sanitary condition of this port were improved, and it were made accessible to 
ships of large tonnage, its trade would be immensely developed. 

Vice Consul (British) — John Rossy, Esq. 

T. M. -9«;. 

ENZELLI.— See RESHT. 

E PERN AY. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Meaux, 
Cliateaii Thierry, and Varennes. 

A town of France, dep. Mame, 20 m. W.N.W. Chalons, on 1. bulk of 



Ottr Ocean IfigkiOi^s. 



river Mome, and tm tlie railway lioiii Pa.rif to Chalooi, 8E) m. E. of 
Paru; tat. 49* 3' N,, Ion. 3* 59' E. Pop. 11, 700. 1 1 U the priodptl cutreptt 
for the wines tA Champagne, which are produced in ils iniroediate vicinit]'. IK 
wine vault] are eicaia.ted in the chalk, rock oa which the town is buill. 

Hold— De r Europe. 

T. M.— 3s4d. 

EPINAL.— Route from London, see Nancy ; thence by rail, 
viii Charmes, Chacel-Nomery. 

A town of Fnince. dep, V'osges, of which il a thconi. It it silunled on 
both banks of the Moielle. 36 m. K.S.E. of Nanqr i tat, 4S' tj' N,, Ion. 
6* 1/ E. Il poiscscs B public tibtary and a masciiin, The public promenade, 
called Le lanJin DoabUt, is very beaoliluUy bid out. Pop. 11,800. 

War 1S70-71 — Occupied by Germaiu, lith October, 1S70. 

Hold— Lion d'Ot. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

EPSOM.— R^ from London by S. W. Ry. (Waterloo Sta- 
tion), or by L. and B. Ry. (Victoria Station). Frequent trains. 
Fares : 3s. ^d. ist cl., is. 9d. md d., is. id. 3rd d. 

A town nf Ergbiid, co. Surrc}-. 14 m. S.W. of London, on the roail to 

n.,;i,!r,.,.i .,..1 p.,.i.,,... : 1,. r,n- ,'■' N , !•■'■ "° t'>' \V V-- 4,800. lis 
,,. . ■ .,,■...,■... ,.■ W hiLiumide. 

Bank— London anj Counly B:ink, M. J. Willi*, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent. London and County Bank. 21. Lorn bard, si reet, E.C. 
Motel- King's Hea.i. 

ERFURT. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, tu\ Dover, Calais, or Dover, Ostend, 
Brussels, Cologne. 

A fortified town of Prussian Germany, prov. Saxony, lying in the plain 
which strelches to the E. and N. of the Thuringian Forest, 13 m. W, of 
Weimar, and 63 m. W.S.W. of I^ipiig ; la(. 50' 58'N., Ion. 11° i' E. I'op. 
41.700. 1 1 lia-^ mamifacluics of uoollen, cotton, and mixed goods, and dcrivuR 
intcru.-.t from its connection u-ith Luther, who, while a monk, tenanted one of 
the cclK of it^ Auguslinian monastery. 

flolcl— Sibler's. 

T. M.— 6s. 

ERZEROUM.— For route from Ixindon. see Alexandrclla ; 
tlientre by horse, viA Antioch, Aleppo, Diarbekir, Kerkook, Ike. 

The principal city of Armenia, Asiatic Turkey, tzo m. S.E. Trebiiond 
and 130 m, from Uiarbekir, in a plain on the Kara Su or W, branch of the 
Euphrales; lal. 39° 57' N., Ion. 41° 13' E. Pop. 50,000. It has an ex- 
tensive trade with the surrounding countries, and is a grcal centre of caravan 
trafhc. Owing to repealed failures in the crops, commerce hai been muchde- 
pre.-.'.eil for several ycar^, but last year's crop having been abundant, trade 
■<; reviving. Imports : shawl;, silks, cotton, tobacco, rice, indigo, cloth, and 

Consul (British)— John G. Taylor, Esq. 
T. M, — 15s. 6d. 




158 Our Ocean Highways. 



ESSLINGEN.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, or Dover, 
Ostend, Brussels, Cologne, Stuttgart 

A town of S. Germany, kingd. Wiirtemberg, on r. bank of river Neckir, 
6 m. S.E. of Stuttgart, and on the railway thence to Ulm ; lat. 48*44'N., 
Ion. 9* 18' K. Pop. 16,600. 

Hotel — Krone. 

7\ M. — 6s. 

ESMERALDAS.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A town of Ecuador, S. America, on 1. bank of river of same name, 6 m. 
Above its mouth, 100 m. N. W. Quito ; lat. o** 50' N., Ion. 79* 50' W. Pop. 1,000. 

ESQUIMALT HARBOUR.— See VICTORIA (Van- 
couver Island.) 

ESSEX— For CO. members, see CHELMSFORD. 

ETRETAT.— Route from London, see Havre ; thence by 

diligence. 

A marine village and bathing-place of France, dep. Seine Inferieure, 9 m. 
S,\V. of Fecamp, and 15 m. N.E. of Havre; it is of growing Ikvour as a 
summer resort. 

Hotels — De France ; Du Commerce. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

EU. — Route from London, see Dieppe; thence by diligence. 

A town of France, dep. Seine Inferieure, 2 m. distant from the coiast of tlie 
Channel, and al)Out midway between Dieppe and Abbeville ; lat. 50* 2' N., 
Ion. i" 25' K. Pop. 4,100. It has a cathedral and an ancient cmtteaUy m 
which Queen Victoria was receiveil by Louis Philippe, on her visit to Fruce 
in 1S43. Treport (pop. 3,700) lies at the north of the little river Biesle, on 
which Fu is situated. 

Hotel — Du Commerce. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

EUPATORIA.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port town of Russia in Europe, gov. Taurida, W. coast of the 
i'rimca, 38 m. W.N.W. Simferopol and 68 m. S. by W. Perekop; laL 
45" 8' N., Ion. 33" 10' E. Pop. 8,500. The town has a considerable tiade, 
exporting salt, wheat, barley, hides, and lamb-skins. The roadstead docs not 

afford much shelter. 
T.M.— los. 

EVESHAM.— Rail from London (Paddington Station) 
6. 10 a.m. ; 2.20 and 6.20 p.m. Sundays, 2.30 p.m. Fares : 20s. 6d.| 
15s., 8s. lod. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Worcester, 14 m. S.E. Woicester 
And 106 m. from Ix)ndon by Gt. W. Ry. ; lat. 52' 6' N., Iim. i* 55* W. 
Pop. 4,680. It is seated in a fertile valley on the river Avon* which almort 
surrounds it, and a fine bridge over which connects it with Bengeworth. 

Member of Parliament — Lieut. -Col. J. Bourne (C), London "TtMrncc, 16^ 
Suffolk-street, S.W. 



Our Ocean Higkmays. 



Bonk — Worcester City uid County Bank \ Lfindon tunT^pondenl, the 
London Joint Slock Bank, 5, ?rinc«s-itreel, E.G. 
Hold— The Ctown. 

EVREUX.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Isxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Maules. 

A town ot Fiance, dcp. Eurc (and on ihe Iton, a little affluent of IfiU river), 
53 m, W. by N. ofParii, and 18 m. S. of Rouen; lal. 49" 2' N.. Ion. 1° 9' E. 
Pop. 13,300. It liesonlhedirect lineof tailwaybetween Pnris and Cherbourg, 

War 1870-71— Occupied by the Germans, 13th December, 1870, 

Hotel— Da Grand Cerf. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

EXETER.— Rail from London (Paddington), 6, 9.15, 10.15, 
asiA 11-45 3-™-; *. 4-5o,and S. to p.m. Sundays, ioa.ni., 8. lop.m. 
Fares : 35s., ass., 14s. i\6. Or by S. W. Ry. (Waterloo Station), 
Fares as above. 

A city and river-port of England, co. Devon, on the Eie, 9 m. from its 
tnibouchurc in the ti^lish Channel. 68 tn. S.W. Briuol and 193J m. from 
London by Gl. W. Ry.; lat. 50" 44' N., Ion. 3" 33' W. Pop. 4t,7oa The 

u\ II..' I '.. i. I- i . K I'.'' ■':. , .:'...ii. :, i....- ,,f the finest 

'■ _ . guildhall, 

thealts, mii.(.i:m, tQMom hou..^c, co.mly sessions hou.«, Ac. The harbour has 
a large Hoating basin and a ship canal, enabling ve^els of 300 tons to come 
up to the town. Excler has paper manufactories, breweries, iron foundries, 
tc, and a tonsiilerable Irade, especially coaslwbe. During 1869, 6jl vessels, 
of 6s,»32 tor>s burden, entered and cleared the port. 

Members of I'arlianienl— Coun/y Devon, Xsrih, Rt. Hon. Sir S. N. North- 
cote, Bart. (C), London residence, 86, Harley-slreet, W. ; Thomas Dyke 
Ackland, Emj. (L), London residence, 34, Hyde-park-gardens, W.; S<nili,S,\t 
Massey Lopes, Bart. (C), London residence, 28, GnKvenor-cardens, .S.W. 
iiainuel T. Kekewich, Esq. (C). Eojl, Sir Lawrence Pallt, Bart. (C), London 
renidencc, 1, Urosvcnor-gaidons S.W, ; John Henry Kennaway, Esq. (C), 
l»ndon residence, 19, Oxford -square, W, City, Sir John D. Coleridge (L), 
London residence, I, Sussci-scjuare, Hyde-park, W.; Edgar A. Bowring, l:s(|., 
CB. (L), London residence, 69, Weslboume-letrace, W. 

Bank—National I'rovincial Bank of England (Branch), Wm. Cotton, Esq., 
mang. ; London corres[ioni<cnt, the National I'raviDdal Bank of England, tl2, 
Bishopsgale-strcft-wiihin, E.L". 

Hotel— Ihc .New l.ondon. 

EXMOUTH.— Rail from London (Waterloo Station), 6.45, 
10.50 and 11.40 a.m.; 4 p.m. Sundays, 9.45, and 10.15 ^m- 
Fares: 36s., 26s., iss. 

A sea-port and watering place of England, co. Devon, on the Ene, 9 m. 
S.S.E. Eieter, and iSom. from London by L. and S.W. Ry.; lat. lo'ifH., 
Ion. 3° 24' \V. I'op. 5,20a. It is pleasantly situated at the mouth of the EJie, 
which here flows mlo the Channel, the estuary being navigable as br as Top. 
«ham, 8 m. The promeruide^ command beautiful viewi of the of^iosite shore* 
of the estuary, including Powdeiham Castle, the leot of the Earl of Dctod. 




i6o Our Ocean Highways. 



Bank— West of Enrrland and South Wales District Bank, H. H. Tremajne, 
Esq., mang. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Cunie, and Co., 67* 

Lombard-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — ^James Hore, E^q. 
Hotel — Royal Beacon. 

EYE. — Rail from London (Bishopsgate Station), 7.20, 9.15 
and 11.45 ^n^* ; 3*35» ^nd 4.25 p.m. Sundays, none. Fares: 
19s. 5d., 15s. 6d., IIS. yd. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Suffolk, 20 m. N. Ipswich and 94 m. 
from London by Gt. E. Ry. ; lat. 52" 20' N., Ion. I* 10' E. Pop. of pari, bor., 
7,000 ; of town, 2,400. It has a fine old church, guildhall, grammar school, 
gaol, almshouses, &c. 

Member of Parliament — Viscount Barrington (C), London resideiice, 19^ 
Hertford -street, W. 

Bank — Messrs. Gumcy and Co. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Bardayt 
Bevan, and Co., 54, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— The White Lion. 

FALAISE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see j)ages Iv to Ixxii, vid. Le Mans (which see), Coulifeuf 
(June). 

A town of France, dep. Calvados, 20 m. S.E. of Caen, and 114 n. W.of 
Paris ; lat. 48* 55' N., Ion. o" 12' W. Pop. 8,180. Its ancient casde, now a 
picturesque ruin, which occupies a commanding position on a rocky boght* 
was the seat of the Dukes of Normandy, and the birth-place of WiUiam the 
Conqueror. 

Hotel — Du Chemin de Fer. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

FALKIRK. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, sec 
pages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), viA Cariisle; 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), t'/VJ York. 

A town and pari. bor. of Scotland, co. Stirling, 9 m. S. Stirling, and 23 nu 
W. by N. Edinburgh. Pop. 9,000. Falkirk is celebrated chiefly for its tiyslsi 
which arc the greatest fairs or markets for cattle in Scotland. 

Members of Parliament — County Stirling, Vice Admiral J. E. Erskine (L), 
London residence, i, Albany. W. Henry Campbell, Blsq. (L), London ren- 
dencc, 60, Qucen's-gate, W. 

Bank — The Commercial Bank of Scotland, C. S. Sanld, Esq., mang.; 
London correspondent, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Loth0aiy,£.C 

FALKLAND ISLANDS.— For steamers, see Monte- 
video ; thence by island mail schooner ; or by sailing vKsds 
direct from Port of London. Passage, 60 to 70 days. 

A British colony in the S. Atlantic Ocean, 51* to 53* S. lat, 57* to 61a* W. 
Ion., 300 m. distant from the E. coast of S. America. Area abonl 5,000 
aq. m. Pop. 6 to 700. pursuits, pastoral and shipping; climate healthy* 



Our Ocean Highoays. 



tlKueh rooeh. Prodactioni : wool, hides, seal and while oil, Ullow, fie. 
Stuilc;, OD the E, coast of East Kulkluid, ii the chief Iowa and susA vi 
gtnerament ; it is a convenient place of call for ships needing repain, snppli» 
of (rish piuvixiout, water, he. Sleainers coal there m routi to and from the 
Ptciiic. 

FALMOUTH.— Rail from London (Paddington), 6 and 
9.15a.m.; 8.10 p.m. Sundays, 8.10 p.in. Fares: 67s., 48s, 6d., 
60s. 6d.,4zs. 5d., lis. 

A sea-pott and pail. bor. of England, en. Cornwall, 10 m. S. Tniro, 60 m. 
lirDl&PlriDcnilh,ga from Exeter, andjia W.S.W, London by Gl, W. Ry. ; (at. 
SO* 8" N., Ion. 5^3" W. Pop. ii.ooo. It consists chiefly of one street, whidi 
extends li m. in Isiglh stong Ihe hnrboar, ii !<npplicd with water and lighted 



with gas. The harbour is defended hy two caitles, Pcndennis and St. Mitwe^ 
•nd at ihc E. entrance is a tighthonsc. As ■ port of call for vessels of ^ 
OBtions, Falmouth is unequalled. I,IJ4 vessels, of 150.499 Ions burden, entered 



and cleared in 1869. At the head of the harbour lies Peniyn. an adjoii_. 
borough and market town, pop. 3.OOO. which, conjointly with Falmouth, 
■ends two membera to the House of Cominoiis. 

Members of Parliament— Robert N. Fowler. Esq. (C). London residence, 
36, Caventlish-square, W. Edward b, Eistwitk, Esq. (CJ, I^ndon rcsidenct 
38.Thurloe-5i,iiare,S.W. 

Consul (American) — A. Fox, E.-H), 

Bank — Messrs. Tweedie, Williams, and Co. ; London correspondenl. 
Hosts. Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Co., 67, Lombard-slrecl, E.C. 



FANOE and MANOE. — Route from London, see Copen- 
hagen ; thence by local sailing communication. 

Two small Danish islands, !yin^ 
(which is the larger of the two), in 
inhabitanis (about 3,000 in number), s 

Lloyd's Agent — Soren Teelersen Brinch, Esq. 

FARO. — Route from London, see Lisbon; thence by rail 
toBeja; thence by diligence. 

A sea-port of Portugal, prov. AlEarve, near Ihe southern exlreroity of the 
kingd., 62 m, E. of Cape St. Vincent, and 140 m. S.E, Lisbon ; lat. 37" N., 
UL 7° 51' W. Pop. 8,000. It has some fishing and coasting trade, and 
exports fniils, &c. 

Vice Con5uHBritish)— Francis J. Tavira, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — Senor Ventura Jose Coelho de Carvalho. 

Hotel— Del Vapor. 

T. M.— 8s. 

FAVERSHAM.— Rail from London {Victoria Station), 
7.40 and 10.30 a.m. ; 4.10 p.m. Sundays, 7.40, a.m. ; 6-15 p.m. 
Fares : 1 2s. 6d., 8s, 6d-, 4s. 6d. 

A sea-port of England, co. Kent, on a creek of the East Swale (the 
channel dividing (he Isle of Sheppey from the mainUnd), 10 m. W.N.W. 
Canterbury, and 52 ro. from London by L. C. and D, Rj.: laL 51' tS'N., 




1 62 Our Ocean Highways, 



Ion. o** 54' £. Pop. 5, 800. Principal buildings : market house, goUdhall, assembly 
rooms, gaol, union, &c. There is a valuable oyster fishery here. 2,567 veswls, 
of 161,529 tons burden, entered and cleared the port dunng the year 1869. 

Bank (M., W., and Fri.) — London and County Bank, £. J. Tarrant, Esq., 
mang. ; London correspondent, London and County Bank, 21, Lombard-street, 
E.C. 

Hotel— The Ship. 

FAYAL. — For steamers see Lisbon ; thence by occasional 

steam communication. 

One of the Azores islands ; lat. of principal town and anchorage^ Horta, 
39° 35' ^M ^^^- 28"* 52' W. Pop., including that of the neighbouring islands 
of Pico, Florcs, and Corvo, which together with Fayal form one govenimental 
district, 65,300. The town of Horta has 8,500 inhabitants. After St 
Michael it is the most frequented island of the group. The principal exports 
are oranges and wine ; the imports, manufactures, cotton twist, and flax, chiefly 
from I^ngland. 

Vice Consul (British) — Thomas Dart, Esq. 
,, (American) — ^J. C. Cover, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — William Henry Lane, Esq. 

T. M.— 8s. 

V 

FECAMP. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Rouen and Beuzeville. 

A sea -port town of France, dep. Seine Inferieure, on the shore of the Eng- 
lish Channel, 48 m. N.W. Rouen and 25 m. from Havre, and on a short 
branch line of the Rouen Havre railway ; lat.49** 45' N., Ion. 0*22' E. Pop. 
i2,SoQ. It has an ancient abbey, church, ship building docks, tanneriei^ 
manufaclures of linen, and carries on an active trade. Its port is <me of the beA 
of the Channel, and has been greatly improved by the construction of an 
inner i)ort, with a fine quay and lighthouse. In 1 869 the clearances and 
entries at its port were 410 ships, with a tonnage of 58,540. A new direct 
trade with Africa, of bark for the tanneries, has recently sprung up. 

War 1870-71 — Occupied by the Germans, February, 1 071. 

Vice Consul (British) — ^Joseph Brandon, Esq. 

Hotel — Grand Cerf. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

FEEJEE ISLANDS.— Route from London by sailing 

vessel. 

A group of islands, S. Pacific Ocean, £. of the New Hebrides, between lat. 
IS** 31' and ic/ 32' S., and Ion. 177" E. and 178' W. The group consisUof 
nearly 200 islands, one-fourth of which are inhabited. Two of the islands only 
arc of large size, Viti Levu and Vanna I^vu. 

Consul at Ovalau (British) — Edward B. March, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — Edward B. March, Esq. 

FERMANAGH.— For county members, see ENNIS- 
KILLEN. 



FERNANDO PO.— For steamers, see Tables. 

An inland of Western Africa belonging to Spain, at upper cKtreoiily of Gdf 



Our Ocean Highways. 



of Guinea. Port Isibct (or Clarence Town], on Clarence Bay, ufwrn the N. 
coast of the isliuid, ij in lat. 3* 46' N,, Ion. 8°4l'E. The isiniid is chiefly covered 
with limber 1 Clarence Peak, its hieheil point, reichM upwards of It.ooo 
feel. The climale a unhealthy. There i^ good Unding at Port Isabel ; water 
and yams are plentiful, and provi&ion.i generally to be hail. The only shipping 
belonginc to llic port consists of small craft, as long-boats. launches, &c. Pop. 
of Port Isabel, about 2,Dcx] ; of whole island, &bout ao,oaa 

Consul (British)— Charles Livingstone, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — John Laugbland, Esq. 

FERROL.— For route, see Coninna ; thence by local con- 
veyance. 

A sea-port town of Spain, on the N.W. coaht of Galicia, 11 m. N.K. of 
Comuna and 15 ■"■ S.W. Cape Ortegal ; lat. 4)" ag'N., Ion. 8° 12' W. Pop, 
|S,000. Il has extensive dockyards and aisenol, and is strongly fortified, 'ine 
Wrbour is one of the best in Europe. The port of Fenol is authorized 
generally for Ihefollowing articles of coiDmerce : tar, pitch, beoip, coal, Pott- 
Und cement, provisions not produced by the country, for the consumption of the 
marine ; cordage, iron-work, tools, yams for the royal factories ; rigging, timber, 
planking, macnineiy, cfTccIs of every kind foi the u&c of the arseruls of the 
ilepaitment ; and for impocis and oiportt to America. 

T. M.— 7E. 

FIFE— For co. members, see CUPAR. 

FIGUEIRA. — Route from London, see Badajoz ; thence by 
rail to Coitnbra ; thence by mail diligence, 

A sea-port town of Portugal, prov. Bejta, a few miles above the moulh of 
the river Mondego, 36 m. W. by S. of toimbra, and 65 m. S. of Oporto. 
I'op. 4,500. Its harbour, formed by the river, is difficult of access, except to 
small vessels. 

Vice Consul (British}— Charies I-ardley, Esq. 

Uoyd's Agent— Messrs. Rendell and Co. 

T. M.— 8s. 

FISHGUARD.— Route from London, see Haverford- 
west ; thence by omnibus. 

.\ town of R. Wales, co. Pembroke, seated within a recess of Cardigan 
bay, at the mouth of the river Cwaen, 6 m. \V. by S. of Newport, 15 ni. 
S.W. of Cardigan, and IIO m. W. by N. of Ijindon : lat. ;2° 59' N., Ion. 
4o''sy'\V. I'op. 1,600. It is (along with St. David's and Narbcrth) a cuii- 
Iributorybor. to Haverfordwest. 

Lloyd's Acent—Vacanl. 

Hold-Great Western. 

FIUME.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sw-port of Austria, the principal port of the Hungarian provinces, siluatetl 
al the head of the Gulf of Quamero (or Flume), the N.E. arm of the Adriatic, 
iSni. v.. Capod'lstria; bt. 45- 20' N., Ion. U" 30' K. Pop. 20.000. It is a 
See port, and i- I lie outlet for the produce of Hungary by wa. Chief ejiporl>. ■ 




164 



Our Ocean Highways. 



FLADSTRAND.— See FREDERIKSHAVN. 
FLAMINGO.— See TABOGA, 
FLEETWOOD.— Rail from London (Euston Square). 

LONDON TO BELFAST, w4 FLEETWOOD. 

DOWN JOURNEY— WEEK DAYS. 
6.15 a.m. 



London (Euston Station) dep. 
Fleetwood . . . arr. at 
Belfast . . . arr. about 



London (Euston Station) 
Fleetwood . . . . , 
Belfast , 



2.15 p.m. 



lo.o a.ni. 
4.40 p.m. 



SUNDAYS. 



dq>. 
arr. at 



8.30 a.m. 
9.15 p.m. 



ii.om.m. 
7.0 p.m. 
6.0 a.m. 



iolo a.m. 
9.15 p.m. 



9.0 p.m. 
8.50 



9.0 p.m. 
8.50 



UP JOURNEY— WEEK DAYS. 

Belfast .... dep. per Steamer 

Fleetwood dep. 

London (Euston Station) . . arr. at 



la 50 a.m. 
6.0 p.m. 



Eleetwood .... 
London (Euston Station) 



7.30 p.m. 

7.0 a.ni. 

2.20 p.m. 

SUNDAYS. 

dep. I 7* '5 ^iB. 

. . . . arr. at j 5.30 p.m. 



18.0 a.m. 
ia4p.m. 

5.0 p.m. 
5.50 a.B. 



Through Fares : 45s. 1st cl., 35s. 2nd cl., 20s. 3rd cL Between 
London and Fleetwood, 40s., 30s., 19s. id. 

A sea-port and watering-place of England, co. Lancaster, situated oa Ibe 
estuary of the river W3rre, at the entrance of Morecambe Bar* 18 m. N.W. 
Preston and 231 m. from London by N. W. Ry. ; lat. 53*56'N., Ion. 3* I* W. 
Pop. 3,Soo. It has a custom house, lighthouse, and docks. 1,275 v«9iids, of 
323,708 tons burden, entered and cleared the port during the year 1869. 

Bank (open Fridays) — Branch of Preston Banking Co. ; Lo n don oor« 
respondent, the Union Bank, 2 Princes-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Frederick Kemp, Esq. 

Hotel — The Crown. 

FLENSBURG.— For route see Hamburg; thence by nil, 

viA Neumiinster (junc.) For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea -port of Prussia, prov. Sleswig-Hobtein, formerly belonging to Den* 
mark. It lies 15 m. S. Apenrade, on the railway from Kiel to Friederida ; 
lat. 54^ 48' N., Ion. 9** 2S' E. Pop. 22,000. The town is well bailt and thriving. 
It has distilleries, sugar refineries, tobacco and vinegar £ictoriei| ftc. The 
harbour has water sufficient to float the largest ships. 

Lloyd's Agent — Cornelius Peter A. Koch, Esq. 

Hotel — Koch's. 

T. M.--6S. 

FLINT.— Kail from Tendon to Chester (Euston Square), 



Our Ocean Highways. 



*-iSi 7-iSi 9. and " s-W- ; 3, 5. 8.35, and 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 
to a-m. ; 5, 8.35, and 9.15 p-m. Fares : 335. 4(1., 145. lod, 
15s. lojd. 

A town and put. boT. of N. Wiles, co. Flint, lit m. W.N.W, Chester 
and 191 to. N.W. London by L, and N. W. Ry. Pop. 3,400. It is situated 
on the Btuary of the Uec \ has a county court bouse and guildhall, gaol, &&, 
aod is the pnacipol polling place where the elections of the memben of Parlio- 
SMnt lalie plaee. 

MfDibers of Parliament — Ceantf, Lord Richard Grosvenor |L), London 
residence, 76, Brook Street, W.; Sir J. Hanmer, Bart. (L), l«iid(iD rcttdence, 
59, Eaton place, S.W. 

Hotel— Ship. 

FLORENCE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail s«. 
vices, sec pages Iv to Ijcxii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Macon, 
Culoz, Mont Cents, Susa, Turin, Alessandria, Stradella, Bologna, 
and Pistoja. 

A city of Italy (from 1S64 to 1870 the cap. of Ihc kingdom of Italy}, on 
both sides of the Amo, [ies 60 m. S. by W. Bologni, 6S m. E.N.E. Leghoni, 
IS7 m. N,W. Rome, on the railway from Rome to Mitxn ; lat, 43" 4C' N., Ion. 
II 17' 1^ Pop. 115,000. Florence stands in a delightful plain, enclosed by 
lu1L>, the lower olTinoots of the Apenninc chain. The Arno, which inlec- 
lecti it from S.E. to N.W., is crossed by several bridges. Florence contain! 
many magnilicenl edifices and squares, adomni with statues, columns, or foun- 
tains ; (here are nearly 300 churches and convents, with numerous palaces, 
bospital'i, and theatres. The streets are admirably paved, and the houses 
are substantial. The Piaiza Reale is the largest square. The S, Trinita 
bridge and Ponte Vecchio afford line views of the river. The Duomo, or cathe- 
dral, is a vast edilice, and stands in a spacious square ^ the church of Sante 
Croce contains the tombs of Michael Angelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, and Allieri. 
The church of Son Lorenzo contains the celebrated Laurenlian library of 
IZOgOOO volumes. The Palazzo Pitii is famed for lis magnificent collection of 
works of art ; attached to it arc tbe Boboli gardens and llie botanical 
garden. In the Riccardi palace is a gallery containing thtf-d'nin-ra of 
statuary, especially the Venus de Medici, discovered in the iMh century in 
the Villa Hadriano, near Tivoli. The literary and educational institutions of 
Florence are numerous ; at the head of (hem is the Academia delta Crusca, to 
which the ancient university has been united. I>ante. Petrarch, Boccaccio, 
Cosmo and lA>renio di Medici, Galileo, Michael Angelo, Leonardo da Vinci, 
Benvenulo Cellini. Machiavelli. Leo X. and XL, Clement VII.. VIII,. and 
and XII, were all natives of Ftotence, 

Postal — Letters to Italy (except Papal States, for which see Rome) by direct 
mail, not exceeding \ at. 6d,, i 01, Is,; ri^str, fee 4d, ; newspapers. I oz. id. 
By French packet, not exceeding^ 01. 6d,. | 01. is,, 1 01. is, 6d.; registr. te« 
40,; newspapers. 4 oz. ad. Vi& Belgium, not exceeding \ at. 5d.. I oz, lod.. 
It oz. IS. 3d.; regisir. fee 4d,; newspapers, 401. 3d. Money orders are issued, 
which are available. 

Money — In Italy £1 sterling = 25 lira ; in paper J6 1, JO c. ; i lira = loo 
centimes = lod. Gold coins: too- 1 ire piece = i4 ; So-lire piece = ji3 4s. sd.; 
40-li re piece = £l 13 id.; K>Hre piece = i6s.td,; and 10-lire = Ss. td. 
Silver coins: s^lire = 4ld.; 3 and I lire = 50 and 35 centimei. Ci^>pcr 
coiru: i, 3. J cenUmei (iV^-i -A<'-. l"*') 




1 66 Our Ocean Higlnvays, 



Weights — The libra xnetrica = 2 '2046 lbs. avoirdupois ; the minte = '8804 
imperial quart ; the some = 27512 imperial bushels ; and the metro = 3 feet, 
English. The 'weights and measures of the kingdom of Italy are divided accord- 
ing to the metric scale, and are the same as those of France. 

Consul General (American) — ^T. L. Graham, jr., Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, J. C. Matteini, Esq. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. R. L. Tattenham. 

Banks — The Anglo Italian Bank (Branch) ; London correspondent, the 
Anglo Italian Bank, 16, Lcadenhall-street, E.C. Messrs. French and Co., 14, 
Piazza Sta. Trinita ; Lon. cor., the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C. 
(Circtilar notes.) Messrs. Emanuel Fenzi and Co.; Lon. cor., Mesnv. Buinj^ 
Brothers and Co., 8, Bishopsgate-street-within, E.C. ( CircularncUs. ) 

Hotel — Grand Hotel de I'Europe. 

T. M.— 7s. 6cl. 

FLUSHING (Dutch, VLIESSINGEN.)— For loute 
from London, see Antwerp ; thence by local steamer. 

A fortified sea- port town of the Netherlands, pro v. Zealand, on the W. Scheldt. 
near the S. extremity of the island Walcheren, 4 m. S.S.W. Middelburg, and 
25 m. N.W. Ghent; lat. 51" 26' N., lon. 3' 35' E. Pop. 11,500. The town 
is strongly fortified. Its port is extensive and safe ; the largest vessels unload 
on the quays close to the warehouses. Flushing has a dockyard and a navil 
arsenal. It has an extensive trade with both K. and W. Indies ; and its trade 
with Kngland is considerable. 

Vice Consul (British) — Henry D. Ellinckhusyen, Esq. 

T. M.— 3s. gld. 

• • 

FOHR. — Route from London, see Kiel; thence by local 

steamer. 

An island (formerly Danish, but now belonging to Prussia, prov. Sleswur- 
Holstein), lying oflf the W. coast of Sleswig, in lat. 54*43' N., lon. S'y/ E. 
Pop. about 5,000. Wyk is the (principal of several fishing villages which it 
contains. 

T. M. — 6s. 

FOLKESTONE.— Rail from London (Charing Cross), 
6.25, and 8.55 a.m. ; 12.35, ^*'^> 4*4^' ^*35» ^^^ 9-3^ P-™- 
Sundays, 7.40 and 7.50 a.m. ; 6.40 and 8.50 p.m. Fares : 18s. 6<L, 

13s. 6d., 6s. 6d. 

A town and ancient sea-port of England, co. Kent, 6 m. S.W. Dover, and 
87 m. from London by S. K. Ky., on which it is a principal station, being one 
of the chief routes to France from the metropolis; lat. Jl* j' N., Ion. I* 9' E. 
Pop. 8,500. The town lies between two difls on the iLnglish Channel, oppo- 



site Boulogne, and has suffered much from the encroachments of the 
sides a local trade and fishery, Folkestone derives great advantage from beiqg 
one of the terminal stations of the S. £. Ky. Passengers embanc here on the 
steamers which ply twice daily to Boulogne, in connection with the mail tmim 
from Ix)ndon. During the year 1869, 1,690 vessels, of 261,619 tons burden, 
entered and cleareil the port. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England, J. R. Davy, Esq., mang.; 
rx>ndon correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 1 12, Bishops 
gate-street-witnin, E.C. 

Hotel — The Pavilion. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



FONTAINEBLEAU.— Route from London, see Paris; 
thence by rail, via Villeneuve St. George's, Brunoy, Melun. 

A Town of France, dcp. Seinc-ct-Manie, on the railway bewcen Paris and 
Lyons, 32 m. S.S.E. the former cily, andSm. S. by E. Melun ;la[. 48*14'^., 
Ion. 2 4z'E. Fop. 10,800. Its cmef altrsction is the palace, an extenuve pile 
of buildings, possessing fiye different courts. It was chiefly biiill by Fnuicis 1., 
mud addefl to byHeniylV., Louis XV., Napoleon 1., and Louis Philippe- 
Many of the aparlmenls are sumptuously filled up ; but the decoration.<> possess 
no great artiEiiic merit. Napoleon I. signed his atidicatioo here in 181*. The 
rorc«t of Foniainebleaa is well stocked with deer and pheasants, and affords 
ntost delightful rambles. 

Hotel— De Londres. 

T. M.— 3s. 4d. 

FOO-CHOW (Happy City).— For route, sec Hong-kong; 
ihencc by local steamer, 

A city of China, prov. and cap. Fo-kicn, 1. bonk Min, i»5 m. N.E, Amoy; 
lat. z6' y N., Ion. 119° 23' E. Pop. 600,000. The lea eiporteU in 1868 
unounled to more than 73,000,000 lbs., representing a money value of 
jC4,ooo,aoo ntrrling. Of this enormous amount the Austialian colonies absorbed 
as much ^s 12,000,000 lbs. The imports duriug the same year amounted to 
only ^1, 700,000. of which opiuni (rooi India and Persia formed nearly 
/800,00a, and nankeens £yiO,oaa. 

Vice Coniul (British)— Charles A. Sinclair, Esq. 

Consul (American)— M. M. de Lans, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ Thomas Ehinn, Esq. 

Banks — Hong-kong and Shanghai Banking Co. (Branch) ; London cor- 
respondent, Ihe Hong-kong and Shanghai Banking Co,, 32, Nicholas-lane, 
ELC. Oriental Bank Corporation (Branch); London correspondent, the 
Oriental Bank Corporation, Baltic House, Threadneedle-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Oilman and Co. 

T. M,— II2S. 6d. 

FORFAR. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, see 
pages lii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), viA Carlisle; 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), via York. 

A town of Scotland, co, Forfar, 14 m. N. Dundee ; la). 56° 40' N,, Ion. 
a^ 50' W. Pop. 9,300. The town has several good churches, town house, 
county buildings, an academy for languages and other educational institutions, 
also a mechanics' institute. 

Member of Parliament — County, The Hon. Charles Canute (L), London 
rciidenee, 26, Pall Mall, S.W. 

Bank — Commercial Bank of Scotland, George Lyon, Esq., mang. ; Lon- 
don corre^poiiilcnl, the London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbivy, E.C. 

Hotel— The Commercial. 

FORMOSA. — For steamers, see Hong-kong; thence by 
occasional steamer. 

A large island lyin^ off the E. coast of China (90 m. distant from the 
nearest point of the mainland), 350 m. in extreme lotgth, aitd nearly So m. 
across in its broader parts ; area, aUnI 13,000 sq. m. A high chain of moun- 




1 68 Our Ocean Highways. 



tains, whence numerous rivers descend on either side, extends through the is* 
tenor, the detailed geography of which is little known. The western ade of 
Formosa has been colonised by the Chinese, and forms the district of Taewm 
part of the prov. Fo-kien. The city of Taewan is in lat 22* 59' N., Ion. 120^ 
13' £. ; it is one of the places opened to foreign trade by the reoeot tratiei 
with China, but its port is found to be altogether unsafe, even for small vend^ 
and the harbour of Tamsuy, on the N. W. coast of the island (lat 25* id N^ 
Ion. 121"* 36' £.), has become, instead, the British port of trade. The Tamn^ 
river, the mouth of which forms the harbour, dischams into the sea over a te 
which has 16 feet of water at high tide, and has long oeen the highway of tude 
between Taewan and Foo-chow — the provincial cap., on the Chinese mimliiMl» 
The exports from Tamsuy comprise rice, indigo, coarse sugar, jute, giDnnd-intf 
cakes, camphor, coal, grass-cloth, fibre, wood, rattans, tea, rice-paper pith» 
pickled vegetables, small pulse, barley, wheat, and sulphur. The coal and lot 
phur are derived from Ke-lung, a harbour 20 m. £. of Tamsuy, on the N.S. 
coast, near which are coal-mines of considerable extent (yaum, Jtty, Gi^* 
Sec. London^ Vol. 34). 

Lloyd's Agent — ^Messrs. Dodd and Co. 

FORT-DE-FRANCE.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A port of Martinique, on N. coast of the island ; lat 14* 46' N., Ion. 61*^ 
W. Pop. 16,000. A handsome town. Harbour excellent, and defended lig 
two forts. Fort-de-France is the seat of the French local government. There 
is considerable commerce. Fine liqueurs and preserves are exported. 

FOWEY. — Rail from London (Paddington) to Launceston, 
vi& Plymouth. Fares: 59s. yd., 43s. 6d., 535. id., 37s. 6d.y 
2 IS. 4|d. 

A sea-port of England, co. Cornwall, 25 m. S.S.W. Launceston ; lat ff 
21' N., Ion. 4" 38' W. The port of Fowey, which extends from Looe to Pfril 
man Point, a distance of 15 miles, includes the tidal harbours of Looe, Pol- 
perro, Par, Charlestown, Pentewan, and Mevagissy. P<^. of town, 1,400; 
Polnian, on the £. side of the entrance to the harbour, has 1,200 inhabifcuit& 
Fowey exports annually about 50,000 tons of iron-ore, china-stone, and ch|^ 
importing timber and coal. There are about 180 vessels, with an aggregate fli 
20,ooQ tons, belonging to the port. A railway connects Fowey with Loil* 
withiel, on the Cornwall railway. 1,834 vessels, of 142,691 tons boidcBi 
entered and cleared the port during the year 1869^ 

Lloyd's Agent — William Lowry, Esq. 

Hotel— The Ship. 

FRANCISCO, SAN.— See SAN FRANCISCO. 

FRAN KFORT-ON-THE-MAIN. — Route from Lon- 
don by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA DoYCTy 
Calais, Brussels, Cologne, and Mayence. Or, vid Dover and 
Ostend 

A commercial dty of Prussian Germany, prov. Hessen-Nasnu, 49 m. S.Bi 
Coblentz, 70 m. S.K. Cologne, and 17 m. N. by W. Dannstadt ; lat 56* ICT 
N., Ion. 8" 3/ £. Pop. 78,000. The dty b seated in a very fertile pUua, «• 
the river Main, which divides it into two parts, the dty pniper on tht K.| 



Our Ocean Higkwt^s. 



■nd the suburb Sactiscnhiusen an the S. side, conneded b; b fine britlge. 
Amoogsl Ihc principal edifices are the cathedral, Ihe ■• Romer," or ancient 
palace, in which the cmpcrots of Germany *ete elected, and several other 
paJaces, the town house, manj chuichei, hospitals, and Iilerirjr, scientific. 
Bad charitable instilutions. The hotels of Frankfoit are amongst the best on 
Ac continent. The manufatlures comprise cotton, woollen, and silk fabric*, 
tobacco, and all branches of printing and engravinc. The monetaiy and 
banking tnuisaclions at Frankfort are a great source of its wealth. Two lAige 
and celebrated fain (Man), at Easter and Michaelmas, arc BUmalljr held here, 
Goethe and Amschel Rothschild were bom at Fiankforl, 

Postal^ Letters from England, vii Belgium, not exceeding \ oz. 3d., I oe. 
6d.. \\ 01. 9d,, rcgislr. fee 4d. ; newspapen, 4 oz. 4d. ViS France, not ex> 
cwding i 01. 6d., ) oi. is., 1 oz. 11. 6cl., r^;istr. fee, 6d. ^ ox. ; newspapen, 
4 01. id. Money ordcn are Uiucd, which are available. 

Money [S. Gennnny) — The sovereign = 11 fl. jblcr. ; the union crown 
teold) = 365. lod 1 haif-crown = 13$. 5d. ; ducat = gs. 3d. 1 the union 
t&aJer = 2s. ltd. ; s-Rotin piece = 3s. 4d. ; florin = is. Sd. ; half florin (30 
kreuzer) = tod. ; quarter florin = Jd. ; the 6-kmuer piece = 3d. ; 3'krcuzei 
piece = id. J kreuier = id. 

Wdgbts. — The ell = 31-^ inches; the fool = 11^ inches 1 the malter = 
3 bnshels ; the viertel = l^ gallon ; the pound (light) = liis ponnct avoir* 
dopois ; the pound (heavy) =■ i,'g pound avoirdupois ; the yalleenlei = liOAt 
pounds. The weight used for gold and silver is the Cologne mark, which 
weJEhs 3,609 grains. 

Consul (Bntish)— Theodore Kuchen, Esq. 

Consul General (American)— WUliam P. Webster, Esq. 

Vice Consul (American) — Charles Graebe, Ejq. 

Banks — Messrs. M. A. de Rothschild Frires, 14G, Fahrgasse; London 
correspondent, Messrs. N. M. de Rothschild and Co., Ncw-coun, St. Swithin'*- 
Une, E.C. Messrs, Koch, Lauteren and Co. ; Messrs. Frist Freres et fils. 

Hotels— De I'Angleteire ; De Russie. 

T. M.— 6s. 

F RAN KFORT-ON-THE-ODER.— Route from London 
by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, 
Brussels, Cologne and Berlin. 

A town of Prussian Germany, prov. Brandenbui^, on the Oder, 50 m. £. 
by S, Berlin, on the radway from Uerlin to Breslau ; lat. 52° ao' K., Ion. 
14' 33' E. Pop, 41,00a The city is surrounded by walls ; amongst the 
principal edifices are the government and council houses, post-ofGce, college, 
theatre, hospital, several ancient churches, synagc^es, &c. Three large fairs 
•re held here annually, attended by a great number of merchants and dealers 
from foreign countries, as well as from Germany, Besides the woollens, 
linens, silks, &c., furnished by the city and environs, and the various raw and 
manufactured products of the Prussian and other German States, very large 

ntities of British, French, and other foreign goods are disposed of at these 

S, for exportation to Poland, Galicia, Russia, and Bohemia. 

Hotel — Kaiser von Rossland. 

T. M.— 6s. 



^^,\ 



FRAN Z£NSBAD.— Route from London, see Eger; thence 
by rail. 




lyo Our Ocean Highways. 



A village and bathiiig-place of Bohemia (Austrian Empire), 3 m. N. of 
£gcr, on the railway between that town and Hof, which is 22 m. to the N.W.; 
lat. 50** f N.y Ion. 12"* 21' E. It is of modem origin, and has become a 
favourite resort of aristocratic visitors. The waters are some of them saline, 
and others chalybeate, resembling the Carlsbad waters, except in their lower 
temperature. 

Hotel — Kaiser von Oesterreich. 
T.M.—es. 

FRASCATI. — Route from London, see Rome; thence by 

rail, vid Ciampino. 

A little town of Italy, withm the Roman Campagna, attiactivelj situated 
at the foot of the Alban Hills, 10 m. S.EL of Rome, urom which it is reached 
by railway ; lat 42** 49' N., long. 12" 41' £. The ancient Tusculum occupied a 
nearly adjacent site, and the locality abounds in remains of Roman antiquity. 

Hotel— D'ltalia. 

T. M.— 7s. 6d. 

FRASERBURGH.— Route from London by Scotch mail 
trains, see pages lii to liv, \^ and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square) f«4 
Carlisle ; Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross) vid York. 

A sea-port town of Scotland, -co. Aberdeen, lying at the N.E. eztrenutyof 
the CO., close beside Kinnaird Ilead, 13 m. N.W. of Peterhead, and 33 ulN. 
of Aberdeen ; lat 57** 41' N., Ion. 2** o' W. Pop. 3,100. It has a goodharboiu; 
and some share in the fisheries, with ship-building, &c. A railway connects it 
with Afjcrdccn and Peterhead. 

Bank — Union Bank of Scothind, George Wallace, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Co., 67, Lombard-streett ^Cl 

Lloyd's Agent — George Wallace, Escj. 

FREDERIKSHAVN.— Route from London, see Copen- 
hagen ; thence by local conveyance. 

A sea- port of Denmark, prov. Jutland, lying on the Kattegat, ai m. S. of 
the headland of the Skaw ; lat. 57** 26' N., ion. lo** 32' £. Pop. 1,50a The 
citadel of Fladstrand, which commands the harbour, is immediately adjacent. 

Vice Consul (British) — Wm. Schmidt, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — Peter Julius Hall, Esq. 

T. M.— 5s. 

FREDERIKSTED.-^ee SANTA CRUZ. 

FREEMANTLE.— For steamers, see Melbourne ; thence 

by local steamer. 

A port of Western Australia, at the entrance of the Swan river, 6 m. S. W. 
of Perth, the colonial cap. ; lat. 32* 5' S., Ion. 1 15* 40' E. 

Bank — The National Bank of Australasia, R. M. Sutherland, Esq., ntiaqg.; 
London correspondent, the National Bank of Australasia, 47, CorahiUp £.£ 

FREIBURG.— Route from London by rail, fixed mailser 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne^ 
Mayence, Heidelbeig. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



A town of S. Ccnnan}', gnuid-duch/ Baden, on the Di«sun (an afflacnt 
uT the Rhine). 3a tn. 'H.'ii. Bailc, on Ihe railway from Fiankfon-oii -the -Main 
10 Buel ; Ul. 47' 16' N., Ion. 7* 53' E. Pop. 11,000. The city is well built, 
has levcial good Hjuarcs, and numeroiu public edifice* The calhedml is one 
of the Ino,^l pcrfecl Ciolhic buildings in Germany. The univeisity ha*aboul6o» 
imdents, and a very fine library. There are some paper mills, bleachmg und 
dye work*, and manufactures of chemicals and soap. 

Clei^yman (ProtebtanI)— Rev. Wilshire Ebeneier Slibbs. 

Bank— Joseph Sautier, Esq. ; London correspondent, the National Bank. 
13, Old Broad-street, E.C. (Circular n<4a.) 

Hole! — Zshrineef Hof. 

T. M.— 6s, 

FRENOIS {Chateau de).— See SEDAN. 

FRIBOURG. — Route from I^ndon, see Bern; thence by 
nil. 

A town of Switzerland, cap. canton same name, situlled on the river 
Sarine, or Siiane, an affiuent of the Aar (Rhine basin}, iS m. S.W. of Bern 
and 30 m. N.K, of Ijiusanne, on the line of railway between those places ; 
[at. 46° 48' N. , Ion. 7° 7' E. Pop. 10,300. A fine auapeosion bridge crosses 
the river j,i a ticighl of 180 fu Fribourg has roanufaclures of cotton, carthcn- 

s'ank— F. Goedlin, Esq. 
Hotel — Grand de Fribourg. 
T. M.— 5s. lod. 

FROME.— Rail from London (Paddington Station), 9.15 
and 10.15 a-n>- ; 45° P™- Sundays, 2.30 p.m. Fares: aos., 
15s., 9s. 7d. 

A town and pari. bor. of Enfilind, co. Somerset, tz in. S. Bath, aixt 
106 m, W. by K. London, by Gt. W. Ry. ; lai. 51* 14' N., km. a* ao' W. 
fop* 9-V°- It Is ^ated on the river of the same lume, ha<. an ancient 
church, market houw. and union, and some good ale breu'eries and clolh 
factories. 

Member of Parliament— Thomas Hughes, Esq. (L), London residence, 
80, Park-street, Grosvenor- square, W. 

Bank — Wilts and Dorset Banking Company, E. H. Oakley, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondcnl, the London and Westminster liank,4t, Lothbury, E.G. 

Hotel— The Crown. 

FUH-CHOW.— See FOO-CHOW. 
FUNCHAL. For steamers, see Madeira. 

The capital of Madeira, lies on the S. coast of the island, in lat. 31° 5/ N., 
Ion. 16° 54 W,, around a bayinthe form of an amphitheatre, and fora distance 
of nearly a mile, the hills filling up the background. Pop. about 15,00a. The 
principal buildings are the governor's and bishop's residences, cathedral, 
theatre, &c. A spacious and commodious laiaretio has been built last year at 
the E. side of the l>ay. The port is of easy access and anchorage in deep 
water, but unsafe in autumn and winter. The environs of Funchal eihibJt de- 




172 Our Ocean Highwc^s. 



lightfiil scenery, and the climate is mild and salnbrious. Invalids from Europe 
frequently recruit their health here. About 400 vessels annnally enter the port. 

Postal — Letters from England to Madeira, not exceeding \ oc 6d., I OL It., 
registr. fee 4d., newspapers, 4 oz. 2d. Money orders are issued, which are 
available. 

Money, weights, &c., same as Portugal.* 

Consul (American) — Caspar Smith, Esq. 

Vice Consul „ J. Hutchinson, Esq. 

FURNES. — Route from London, see Ostend ; thence by xaiL 

A town of Belgium, prov. W. Flanders, lying at the junction of nnmcnw 
canals, 15 m. S.W. of Ostend, 4 m. distant from the shcnreof the Gernas 
Ocean, 5 m. from the French frontier, and 13 from Dunkirk; lat 51* ^N., 
Ion. 2" 40' E. Pop. 4,4cx>. 

Lloyd's Agent — Ddsire Baleaen, Esq. 

T. M. — 2s. 6d. 

FURNESS ABBEY.— See BARRO>V.IN-FUR- 
NESS. 

FURRUCKABAD.— For steamers, see Calcutta; thence 

by E. Indian railway to Agra, 906 m. ; thence by d&k. 

A city of Brit. India, N. W. provinces, and cap. of district of same nflBC; 
icx> m. K.N.E. Agra, on the r. bank of the Ganges; lat. 27* io'N.,lon. 79*2C'£. 
^op. 73,000. It is enclosed by a wall, and is one of the most thriving pmoes 
in the N.W. provinces. The authorities of the district do not reside at Fiv- 
nickabad, but at Futtehghur, distant 30 m. 

T. M.— 57s. 

GAINSBOROUGH.— Rail from London (King's Cro»), 
7.40, 9, and 12 a.m. ; 2.45 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a.m. Fares: 
26s. 3d., 19s. 6d., I2S. o^d. 

A town and river-port of England, co. and 16 m. N.W. Linooln, on the 
Trent, 167 m. from London by Gt. N. Ry.; lat. 53*24' N., Ion. o*47'W. 
Pop. 6,300. Principal building : town hall, theatre, church, &c. In^NKti; 
Iinsce<I, rape-seed, bones, and timl>er. Exports : haxdware and manufrctond 
goods. 330 vessels, of 16,639 tons burden, entered and deaivd the port 
during the year 1 869. 

Bank — Lincoln and Lindsay Banking Co., Alfred Kirk, Eaq., ma^f.; 
London correspondent, Messrs. Prescott, Grote, Cave, and Ca, 62, ThiCid* 
needle-street, E.C. 

Hotel— White Hart. 

GAIS. — Route from London, see Zurich; thence bjlocd 

conveyance. 

A village of Switzerland, cant Appenzell, 4 m. N.E. of the town of ttlA 
name, and 45 m. E. of Zurich; lat. 47* 22' N., Ion. 9* 2/ £. It liei it • 
bleak and naked country, 2,900 ft. above the sea, but annually attnctf 
from its pure and bracing air, and its goats' whey. 
_ T. M.— 5s. lod. 




GALAPAGOS ISLANDS.— For steamers, see Guaya- 
<iuil or PayU ; thence by occasional sailing vessel. 

A consiJciablc group lying off the western side of the S. Aracrican con- 
tinent, above 600 m. disOmt fiDtn the state of Ecuador, la which Ibty belong. 
They ue crosseil by the line of the equator, and are included belween the 
meridians of 89° and 91" W, of Greenwich, Albcmaile island, about 80 m. 
long, is the largest of the gronp. They are of volcanic oHgin, and have a soil 
and climate suited for every article of tropical growth; the chief produce 
derived thence of lale years has been orchilla weed, for eiport to Eiiro[>e, but 
the supply seems to be in rislt of diminution, owing to the carelessness of the 

GALASHIELS — Route from London by Scotch mail 
trains, see pages hi toliv, L and N. W. Ry. (EusEod Stjtiare), vid 
Carhsle ; Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), vt^ York. 

A manufactaring town of Scollanil, cos. Roxburgh and Selkirk, Jj in. S. 
Edinbuigh, on the N. B, Ry., and 365 m. fioia London by railway ; lot. 55* 
ST* N., ton. i' 49' W. Fop. (in lS6t|, 6,400, since greatly increased. Il has 
ten churches, several libraries, a mechanics' institute, museuni, and is the 
centre of an extensive and increasing manufacturing industry, chiefly in tweeds, 
shawls, pi lids, &c. 

Hail k— National Bark t>f Hcollaini, U'ilUam Holilam, K'tq., mnng,; London 
correspondent, theNational Bank of Srolland, 37, Nicholas-lane, E.C. 

Hotels — The Commercial ; the Abbolsfoid Arms. 

GALATZ, or GALACZ.— Route fiora London by rail, 
fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, 
Bmsscis, Cologne, Frankfort, Wiirzburg, Ratisbon, Linz, and 
Vienna ; thence by steamer once a week to Galatz. A shorter 
route by rail, Tid Dresden, Breslau, Cracow, Lembetg, and Tchcr- 
novitz, is in progress. 

A town and rivet-port of Roumania, on I, bank of the Danube. 14 m. N.E. 
Xbrail; 1st- 4S° ^3 N„ Ion. a8° 3' K. Pop. 80,000. Galatz is the chief 
port of Moldavia. Its eiports are chiefly cereals, especially wheat and Indian 
com, with rye, tallow, wool, butter, limber, staves, hides, wax, wine, and 
skins; the principal imports being olive and other oils, manufactured goods, 
hardware, and colonial ])roduce. Vessels up to 400 tons can come up to the 
town. A railway, now approaching completion, will place Galatz in connec- 
tion with the principal places in the interior of Moldavia and Wallachia (Kou- 

Consul (British)— G. B. Ward, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, For the Delta of the Danube, Lieut.-Col. John Slokei. 

Consul [American) — A. Hartman, Esq. 

ViceConsui ,, K. Hartman, Esq. 

Clergyman ( Protestant)— Kev. C. H. La Motlu, M.A. 

Banks— Imperial Ottoman Bank; I>3ndon correspondent, the Imperial 
Ottoman Bank, 4, Bank -buildings, Lolhbury, £.C- Bank of Roumanian 
Lon. cor., Bank of Roumania, Kmg's Arms-yard, Moorcale-stteet, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— Messrs. Watson and Youell. 

T. M,— 91. 




174 Our Ocean Htgkmays. 

GALLE (POINT DE).— See POINT DE GALLE. 
GALLIPOLI (S. Italy).— For steamers, see Tables. 

A fortified sea-port of S. Italy, 29 m. W.S.W. Lecce, on a rocky iikt n 
4he Gulf of TarantOy connected by a bridge with its suburb, Lizza, on tlw main- 
land ; lat. 40" 3' N., Ion. 17" 58' £. Pop. 10,000. It has a cathedral and a 
castle, and is noted for its cisterns, excavated in the rock, and peculiarly aH«p*^ 
iox clarifying olive oil. St. Andrea island is I m. W., between which and the 
toum is a harbour, with from lo to 12 fathoms water: this port is one cf 
ihc most frequented in S. Italy, as the great mart for the oil of Apulia. 

Vice Consul (British) — Alexander Zarb, Esq. 

Consular Agent (American) — C. Clauson, Esq. 

T. M. — 7s. 6d. 

GALLIPOLI (Turkey).— For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port town of Turkey, on a headland at the point where the HeUes* 
pent unites with the Sea of Marmora, 90 m. S. Adrianople, and 128 m. W. 
by S. Constantinople; lat. 40" 24' 30" N., Ion. 26* 39' 45 E. Pop. 17,00a 
The town is a miserable place ; the bazaars, however, are extensive and wdl 
furnished. There arc two ports, a N. and S., which frequently harbour the 
Imperial fleets, Gallipoli being the chief station of the capitan pasha. It las 
manufactures of cottons, silk, and the best morocco leather in Turkey. 

Postal — Letters to (lallipoli by French packet, x*id Marseilles, not exceed- 
ing ;\ oz. 6d., \ oz. IS., I oz. IS. 6d.; registr. fee, 6d. ^oz.; newspapers, 40c. 
2d. ; 7'i(i Belgium, see Constantinople. Money orders are issuecf, which aie 
available. 

T. M.— 9s. 

GALVESTON.— For Steamers, see New Orleans; thence 

by steamer, daily. 

A rising sea-port town, U. States, Texas, cap." co. of the same name, 
situated on a bay at the N. K. extremity of Oalveston Island, and on the Gal- 
veston, Houston, and Henderson railway, 450 m. from New Orleans, 230 finon 
Austin ; lat. 29" 19' N., Ion. 94* 48' W. Pop. 12,000. The harbour, the be* 
in tlic state, has 12 ft. of water at low tide, and Ls well provided with whaire^ 
<locks, &c. The exports from the j^rt of Galveston are chiefly cotton, wool, 
hides, and cattle, 297, loo hides havmg been exported during the year endiif 
August, 1869, besides 75,000 sent by way of the Red River for shipment at 
New Orleans ; 146, 152 bales of cotton were exported during the same period— 
56,501 uf them to Great Britain. The imports (chiefly from Great Britaii^ 
<icrmany, and Brazil), consist chiefly of iron, tin, salt, coal, gunny-cIoCfa, beer, 
<\:c. 1 )uring past years several factories have l)een cstablisJied for the pu i poK 
of curing and preserving meat ; and cotton and woollen factories have b^ 
<.Tccted. 

Consul (British) — A. T. Lynn, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — Kleazor Pomeroy Ilunt, Esq. 

Hotel — I sland 1 1 ouse. 

T. M.— 45s. 

GALWAY. — Route from Ix)ndon by Irish mail trains, see 

page Hi, via Chester and Holyhead. 

A to\^*n and sea-port on the W. coast of Ireland, at the outlet of the Cbnib 



Our Oeean Highways. 



I GoJvray Bay. 113m. W. Dtiblin, il the tcmiinutof the Midland Gt. W. 
; Iw. S3" IS N.. Ian. 9" 3' W, Pop. 16,90a The town is situated princi- 
y on Ihe E. adc of (he nver, which i« crossed by two bridges. The new 
n coniains seven! wide streets. The snhurb Claddagh, inhabited by 
enncn, lies on the W. side of the river. Galway is not a mannfaclnrii^ 
n ; beautiliil ntaible slabs are exported thence to England and the United 
les. The ulmon fishery is v^itibte. An extensive dock and ■ lighthouse 
e been erected ; nnd the bay north of the bland forms an excellent rood- 
d, used for a lime by the lai;ge mail steamers which, by contract with the 
Kcmmcnl. ran from Galway to Ameiica. 169 vessels, uf 44,176 tons burden, 
ini and clenred the port in 1869. 

Members of Parliamcat^Cown/^, W. Henry Gr^ry, Esq. (L), I^ndon 
dence, 3. Habart-place, Eaton-Kjuarc, S.W. ; Mitchell Henry, Esq, ("L), 
■don address. House of CoTnmon<i. O^, VJM^unt St. Lawrence (L), 
idon residence, 5S, Jcnnyn-street, S.W. ; Sir R. Blennertiassetl, Bail, (L), 
idon residence, Brook's CInb, S.W. 

Bank—Branch of the Nalioiial Bank, Frederick Dennis, Esq., manE- ; 
idon correspondent, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. 
Lloyd's Agent — Thomas Moore Peruse, ^q. 
Hotel— The Royal. 

GAMBIA.— See BATHURST. 

3ANJAH. — For steameis, see Madras ; thence by local 
:ting vessel. 

sea-port of Brit. India, Madras pres., on W. dde of Bay of Bengal, 540 
E. of Madras : lat. 19° 13' N,, Ion, 85" 7* E. It is a decayed place, but 
ossev-L's some coasting trade. 

ASPE. — For steamers, see Quebec; thence by occasional 

>art of Brit. N. America, Canada, prov, Quebec, situated on a bay of 
e name, an inlet of the Gulf of Si. Lawrence, and nearly adjacent to 
ante uf the river St. I.awrence, 350 m. N. E. of Quebec ; lat. 48° 48' 
64' 35' W. Its industry is chiefly in connection with the cod and 
hcric. 

i.'s Agent — John Eden, Esq. 
-30s, 

•.TEIN.-ScL- BAD GASTEIN. 

■ESHEAD.— Rail from London (King's Cross), vii 

e. Farts: 50s. 6d., 37s. 6d., 31s. 
and p.irl. lur. of England, on the Tyne, immediately opposite 

but Hiiihin the co. of Durham, 14 m. N. by W. Durham, andl93l m. 
■n by the Gt. N. and York, Newcastle, and Berwick Rys. Pop. 
lerc arc extensive iron and brass foundries, wire and rope manu- 
ss nnd clieinicat works, besides manufactories for glue, whiting, 
ar, S:c. On the manufacture of locomotives more than 1,000 
nployed. In the immediate vicinity of the Iowd are eitenaive 




176 Our Ocean Highways. 



Member of rarliamcnt — Rt. Hon. Sir W. Hutt, K.C.B. (L), LondoB 
residenee, 2, Grosvenor-square, W. 

Bank — National rrovincial Bank of England, Joseph Pierson, Esq., mang.; 
London correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 1 12, Bishops- 
gate-street-within, E.G. 

Hotel— The Black Bull. 

GATTO.— See BENIN. 

G BELONG. — For steamers, see Melbourne. 

A town anil port of Victoria (Australia), 45 m. S.W. Melbourne, at the hod 
of a deep inlet on the W. side of Port Phillip ; lat. 38* 7' S., Ion. 144* 35^ E. 
Pop. 17,000. llic harbour is large and sheltered, but has a bar at its entxance^ 
which has been deepened from 9i to 14 ft. by dredging. Tlie inner harbour is 
called Corio Bay. The town is favourably situated for health and good drain- 
age. There is daily steam and railway communication with Melbourne on the 
N.E., and Castlemaine and Ballamt on the N.W. Electric telegraph comxna- 
nication with Melbourne and Port Philip Heads. 

Banks —l*ank of Victoria (Branch), William Young, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent. Bank of Victoria, 3, Threadncedle-street, E.C. Colonial Bank 
of Australasia, A. S. Park, Esq., mang. ; London Office, 4, Royal Exchange^ 
buildings. Bank of New South Wales, T. O. S. Green, Esq., mang. ; Lon. 
cor., Bank of New South Wales, 64, Old Broad-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Philip Henry Bullock, Elsq. 

GEMMI PASS.— See LEUK. 

GENEVA. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, SLC pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, Aix-la- 
Chai)ellc, Cologne, Mayence, Carlsruhe, Freiburg, Neufchdtel, and 

Lausanne. 

A town of Switzerland, on the Rhone, at its outlet from W. extremity of 
lake of same name, 83 m. S.W. Bern; lat. 46" 12' N., lon. 6* / E. Pop. 
42,000. The principal jmblic buildings are a Gothic cathedral, univeisitj, 
academy, college, school of arts and manufactures, observatory, muscnm of 
natural history, several Lutheran and Roman Catholic churches, and a botanic 
garden. A hydraulic machine raises the water of the river for the su{^ly of the 
public fountains. The chief manufactures are watches, musical boxes, chrono- 
meters, mathematical instrument.s jewellery, cutlery, firearms, and musical 
instruments. It has a quay along the river, and an active transit trade on the 
lake. Lake Leman, the Lake of Genev.i, is 45 m. long, and from l| to 9 ro. 
broad. Its height above the sea-level is 1,230 ft., and its greatest depth 9&|. ft. 
The Rh(jne traverses the lake from E. to \V. The water is fine and trans- 
parent, and contains many fish. Remarkable risings (seiches) take place occa- 
sionally from I to 4 ft., which last less than half an hour. The banks of the 
lake are nl(l'^t picturesc^ue. Steamers ply between Geneva and Bouverct, and 
Geneva ami Villeneuve, touching at intermediate places. 

Consul (Briti.^h)— A. Mackenzie, Escj. 

,, (.\merican) — Charles H. Upton, Esq. 

Clergyman (IVote-^tant) — Rev. Henry Downton, M.A. 

Bank.--- L. ra\arri, Esq. ; London correspondent, the National Bank, Iji 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Old Broad-sireet, E.C. Messrs. Lombanl, Odi« «nd Co. ; Lon. cor,, the 
Union Bank, I, Princes-sticet, E.C. i Circular kbM.} 

Hotel — Des Bergues. 

T. M.— ss. lai. 

GENEVRE (MONT).— Route from London, see Grenoble; 
thence by diligence to Brian»;on, a small town, dep. Hautes Alpcs 
(Hotel de I'Ours) ; from thence by carriage, vi& Ce&anne, Oulx, 
along the banks of the river Dora Repaira to Susa (which sec). 

A mountain and paw of Ihe Alps, on the bonier line between Fran« and 
Italy, atHl dividing the valley of the Durance (Rhone basin), from that of (he 
Dora Ripniin, im affluent uf Ihe Po. llie highest point tX the pas (lat. 44' 
56' N,, ton. 6' 41' E.J, over which « good carriage road 13 ttuiied, reaches 
6,059 ft. above Ihe sea. The town of Briatifon (ilep. Hantes Aipcs), lies a 
short distance froni the western fool of the ascent ; Susa, is aixiut 15 m, 
distant from its easletD or Italian base. 

GENOA. — Route from I^ndon by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, vi& Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, Macon, Cuioz, 

St. ilichel, Ttirin, and Alessandria, 'flie new railroad from Genoa 
to Nice is open to the public as far as Savona. For steamers, see 
Tables. 

A furlitied sea-port of Italy, at the head of gulf of same name, in the Me<li- 
leiTonean, 79 m. S,E. Turin, on the railway from Turin to Rome; lat. 
44* 24' N., lon, 8° 54'E. Pop. 150,000. Two moles protect Ihe harbour. 
The city, which has undergone ts^X improvement of eveiy kind within a recent 
dale, rises amphitheatre- wise, round the water's edge, to the height of 500 to 
600 ft. Genoa is protected by a double line of fortiScadons, It has numerous 
palaces, more than 30 churches and 70 convents and monasteries, many of (hem 
ornamented with the tine>il works of Ihe great masters, three large hosjiitals, 
an exchange, and three theatres, with an opera ; also a university possessing a 
large library, and botanic garden. Genoa ranks first amoncst the comtneicial 
ports 6f Italy ; its exports include olive oil, rice, fruits, cheese, rags, steel, 
ai^t, silks, damasks, velvets, paper, soap, works in marble, alaliaster, and 
cc^. The imports arc cotton and woollen stuffs, com, Rsh, salted lish, spices, 
coffee, indigo, iron, naval stores, harJirare, wool, tobacco, and lead. 'Hie 
valoe of the imports amounts to ;£io,ooo,ixn annually, and of the exports to 
;£4,ooo,ooa Aboutj.ooovesselsof all nalionsenterand clear the porlannuaUy. 

Consul (British)— Montagu Veals Brown, Esq. 

Vice Consul (British)— H. D. Tliieny. Esq. 

Consul (American)— O. M. Spencer, Esq. 

Vice Consul (American)— J. Valeric, Esq. 

Cle^ym-m (P™icstant)-Rev. A. B, Shellell, M.A. 

Banks — Messrs. Grant Bniwn ami Co., ; I.an. cor. the National Bank, 
13, Old Broail-strcet, E.C. (Circular nolii.) The Anglo-ItalLan Bank ; I«n. 
cor. the Anglo-Italian Bank, 16, I ,cadenhall -street, E.C. (Circular hhIcs.) 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. G. and E. Barchi Brothers. 

Hotel— The Royal. 

T. M.-7S. M. 

GEORGE TOWN See DEMERARA. 




178 Our Ocean Highways, 



GHENT. — Route from Ix>ndon by rail, fixed mail services, 
sec pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Lille, Mouscron, and 

Courtrav. 




_{rugcs. , , „_ ^ _ , — ^ ~r^ — 

I'op. 117,000. It has numerous fine jtuhlic cilifices, and many of ihc pri\-attf 
houses are well built and handsome. The scjuare of St. Peter is one of the 
larjjest in lielj^ium. The cathedral is a magnificent structure, but the finest 
l)uiklinjj[ is the palace of the university. Ghent has numerous manufactures of 
lace, silk, cotton, linen ami woollen fabrics, sugar refineries, gin distilleries 
breweries, &c. Tnxlucts : com, flax, tobacco, and madder ; and, besides its 
manutacturcd imxluce, (ihcnt has a very extensive transit trade. 

Vice Con^ul (American) — I). I^vison. Km]. 

Clergyman (Protestant) — Rev. John Peter Alley, M.A. 

iiank — Bank (jf Flanders ; Ixjiidon corrcsjxjiidcnt, the National Bank, 
13, Old Proad-slreet, K.C (Circular uotcs.) 

Hotel — Hotel de la Po>te. 

T. M.— 2s. 6d. 

GIANT'S CAUSEWAY.— Route from London by Irish 
mail trains, sec page Hi, to Coleraine ; thence by carriage. 

A celebrated basaltic fonnation on the X. coast of Ireland, Ulster, ca 
Antrim, 2 m. N.N.K. Pushmills. The so-called causeway is a platform pru- 
jeciin^ into the sea, and resembles a pier of about 700 feet long, varj'ing in 
lu'ii^Hu from upwards of 50 to alx)ut 30 feet alK)ve the strand. It is scpaiaictl 
by U:ip dykes into three divisions, comprising together alx)ut 40,000 polygonal 
columns, each consisting of many pieces. 

GIBRALTAR.— For steamers, see Tables. 

Ciibraltar (Arabic, Jchd-Tarik^ Hill of Tarik), the Calpc q{ the Greeks, a 
town and strongly-fortified rock in the S. of Sj)ain, and belonging to Great 
Jirilain ; it terminates to the south in Kurojia Point. The highest }X)int is 
i,40ofi. above sea-level ; its N. face is almost peqK*ndicukir, while its E. side 
is full of tremendous precipices. On its S. side it is .'Umost inaccessible, 
making approach from scawanl impossible: the W. side descends by rugged 
slopes towards the sea ; and here the rock is securc»tl by extensive and iK>werful 
batteries, rendering it ai)parently impregnable. St. Michael's Cave is a remark- 
able natural fonnation of stalactite, situated about three parts up the n)ck. 
AVhen seen from ship's deck, no appearance of vegetation presents itself on the 
rock, the whole having a Ijarren and forbidding aspect ; but it is not in reality 
so destitute in this respect as it seems, acacia, fig, and orange trees growling 
freely. The town of (iibraltar is situated on the \V. side of the rock, fronting 
the lay ; lal. 36" 9' N., Ion. 5" 21' W. A spring (discovered in 1869) on the 
north front, furnishes a supi)ly of fresh water (for which the to\iTi had hitherto 
been dependent upon the rains) ; the drainage has also undergone improve- 
ment. The principal buildings are the governor's and ]ieutenant-govemor*s 
hou>es, the admiralty, naval hospital, victualling office and barracics, and a 
handsome theatre. Ciibraltar is a free port ; an<l, as such, is the entrepot for 
the distribution of British manufactures to the Barbary States. Pop., civil, 
18,000 ; with alK)ut 6,000 militarj'. 

Postal — Letters to Gibraltar, vid Southampton, under i oc 6d., i oz. is. * 



Our Ocean Highways. 



regittr. tee ^.i newipaperi liL P'iA France, under J au 6d., i to. It., | «, 
IS. f/X., I oz. 19.1 iu;utr. fee4il.; ticws|»pcTs 3d. 

Money^jft slerQny = 4 dollars 9 reals; I dolUr = II reals -=1^. id. 
The gold doublooa = 66<i, 8d. Engliih money is in general use. Money 
Didi^n up lo £\a may be sent from England to Gibraliar, on papncnt of ^d. 
for a sum not over 4011, ; is. fid, not eiceeding £i ; nnd jt for kudu from /t 
to .£10. 

Consul (Amcriran)^H. J. Spragoe, Esq. 

Clergymen (PriolcstnnlJ—Rev.W.F.AddUon,M. A.; Rev. H. SidcUilliim, 
M.A.; Kcv. K. 0. Cotlrington; Rev, George Mead, ^LA. 

Rank^— Mev^is. Archbold el Cie. : London carrespondent, the Killonal 
Bank, ij. Old Broad-slreel, E.G. H. E. Spnupie, E»^.; Lon. cor.. Mean. 
Baring Grothen and Co., S, Bithoptgate-slreet-within, E.C 

Lloyd'* AgenI — Louis Thomai Power, Esq. 

Hotel— Mrs. Crosby's ClulJ House, 

T. M.-7S. 6d. 

GIESSEN.— Route from London by rail, ftxt^\ moil serviceSt 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, 7'i& Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, Co- 

bleoti, and Mayence, 

.■V town of W. Gtrraauy, grand -ditchy llcsse-nannsi-idi, <"in tlit I-alin (an 
.-ifllueal of iht- Rhine) ; 47 m. N. by E. Uarro-'Tadi. ari.i 4r, „i, l'„N K, Coljli-ntr, 
on the railway from Cassel to t rankfort-on-1 he-Mam. Pop. lo.soa II is 
notable fur \l^ educational establishments and university, having annually from 
400 10 500 students. 

Hotel— Kiihnc. 

T. M.— 6s. 

GIGELLY See DJIDJELLY. 

GIGLIO For steamers, see Tables. 

An island in the Mcdilerrancan, off W. coast of Italy, lO m. W. by S. of 
Mount Aryeiilaro ; lat. 41° 18' N., lon. lO" 58' E. Pop. J.Ooo. It ii 5 ni. 
in length, N,W. to .S.E., mountainous and Icrtile. Princi[>al products ; nine, 
timber, marble, and fi>h. 

GIJON, — Route from London, see Oviedo; thence by dili- 
gence. 

.\ soa-port town of Spain, prov. Oviedo (Aslurias), on the Bay of lli-cav, 
19 m. N.N.E. ofOvicilo; lat. 43' 35' N., lon, s" ^ 
frcijuenled fur sea- bathing, and has some trade i 

Vice Consul (Itrilish)— \Vm. Pcnlington, Esq. 
Lloyd's Agent — Dioiiisi Acebal, K.sq. 
Hold— Dc las ] >iligencias. 
T. M,— 7s. 

GIRGENTI. — For route from Tendon, see Palermo, or 

Malta ; tlience by occasional steam or sailing vessel. 

A city of Sicily, on the slope of a mountain, nearly t, loo ft. above the sea, 
from which it is al«-ut 3 m. disUnt ; lat. 37* iff N., lon. 13* 23' E. I'op. 

tn 3 




i8o Our Ocean Ilighzvays, 



iS,ooo. Tlic port on the coast lia-' a mole and two lighthouse^. Tlicre are 
inagniticent remains of an ancient city anil ruins of temples. Girgenti i-. :'.ic 
thief p(jrt of hicily for the expoitatiim of sulphur. 
Vice Consul (liriti.sh) — Alfretl Gates, K^jq. 

GLAMORGAN.— lor co. members see CARDIFF. 

GLASGOW. — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, 
see pages lii to liv, L. and X. \\'. l\y. (Euston Square), via Car- 
lisle ; Cit. N. Ry. (King's Cross), via York. 

The ci.'nnncrcial caj\ of Scotland, situated on the river Clyxlc. 40 ni. 
^V. l»y S. kA i^ilinljurj^h, anil 400 m. fium Lomlon by Cit. X. Ky. ; !.it. 
of (..h-erv.uoiy, 55' ^i 2' N., Ion. 40' 15' 54" W. Pop. (in 1S71), incluuir.^;; 
sulixrbs, 566,150. It has many han«Kome streets, squares, crescents, .ir.l 
tLMr.ut'>. The livcr i^. cro^>ed by three stone and two su?»pension l.-ridj^o-i. 
'J'lio '^ituation of (.ila'^J4o^v is extremely favourable to the development nf 
manufactures, and trade. 'J'hc cotton mills and print \u>rks are on a vci-y 
c\tei:>ive >iale. fila>^'o\v lias l-.jnj; been famous for its dyeing in Turkey- 
TCil and various other colours ; and calicij j^rinting is carrietl on to a va^t ex- 
tent. The iron manufacture are not of le-'S importance. In 1S30 there Mere 
only 16 smelting; furnaces, each pnKlucinjj annually 2,500 tons of pig-iron ; the 
fuin:ici> have now increa>eil to 130, prt:xlucing annually al>out I, cxx>, OCX) tons 
value ./"5. 000.000. There are also several malleable iron works near the city, yuy- 
<li:rinL; annually 100,000 tons, value uinvauU of /"l, 000,000. The coal trade 
lias iiKveasfd in a marvellous r.ilio. There are also many distilleries, brcwcrics, 
j;',i-- works and other factories. 'Idie water supply, «.»f excellent quality and 
jiail'v. is uliiained from I.olIi Katrine, 40 m. distant. In lS6ti, the nundVr of 
ve -»■'.- llu.l entered and cleared the port <»f (jlasg<iw was 8.877, ^^ilh a tonnage 
of 2.3)5.4^4. The follow ini; are some of the j>rincipal jnddic building^: the 
cathedra', a splendid e«litice, the most complete specimen of Gothic architec- 
turv- in Sc'.>tland ; the University or College of Glasgow, which stands at the 
bead of the ed\icational institution-; ; Royal JLxchange, in which is a news-rrt-tm : 
J*n-t •.ffiie, inland revenue ofticcs, custom house, county Imildings ; Hank «»I 
Jseo'.lar. i. and the city hall. Aniong.st the educational, literarx', and .scientifte 
in.stiiulion — the High .School, Amler.son's l'ni\ersity. Free Church Coll L-ge, 
Nomial Institution, Normal Semin.iry; the Academy, Collegiate .'^chool, 
Meclianiv..-' Institute, (ila^i^ow Institution. Model Schools and Training Col- 
lei^e, liu\ernment Scliool t>f Ait, Hutcheson's Ilo.spital and Sch<.K)l, the 
Ai!ii:.\.um. Siiriiiv^'s Library, (dasgow Library, the Institution of Kngineers. 
]N'aiarali4s" Society, and Natural History Society, deserve notice. 

Meii.lHis iif I'avlianunt- -C ■;/)'. Robert Dalglish, Ksq. (L), London rm- 
dcM.v-, 43, (Jueeii's-;4a"e-terrace, W.; William CJrah.am, Ksq. (L), London 
re^idiiue, .^4, Gro.^venor-place, S.W. ; George Anderson, Km j. (L), I^^mlon 
re-idv:i;'.'.-. KeformClub. S.W. Uuisv^^kl* and Aberdeen Unheysities^ Ut. lion. 
L. S. (it.nlon (</), London resilience, Carlton Club, S.W. 

< ■•;-al ( Ameiivan) — l-aac JenUinsnn, j'.sij. 

b-i.l.s- IS.ink of .^e<«tlan»: ; London correspondent, Hank of Kngland. 
K 'V.!! I'.ai-.iv of Sct)iland ; Lon. c<.>r., Hank of Lngland. City of Glasgow Hank- 
in ;' ( ,.ini':iny ; Lon. eor., London Joint Stock IJank, 5, Princes-sircet, E.C. 
Co.iiuK-ui.d bank of .'sii.ihin-l : Lon. cor., London and Westminster Hank, 
41. L..'.liliiMy, L.C. Naiion-'d Hank of Scotland ; Lon. cor., National Bank 



Our Ocean. Higka>ays. 



fz' K, lla mineral »priii£s attract numeroBS visitors annuallt. 
-V- -^-- "- - 



of Scotland, 37, Nicholia-laiie, E.C. 
McsKn. Glyn, Mills, Currie, and Co., 6 
Hotel— The Queen'*. 

GLEICHEN BERG .—Route from London, see Crati; 
thence by rail to Spielfeld ; thence by diligence. 

A village and watering- place of Sljrria (Auslrinn Empire), attractively 
' 1 the slope of a mounlam, 3401, S.K. of Giili 1 lal. 46' 53' N,, 

Hotef 
T. M. 

GL.OGAU. — Route from London, sec Berlin ; thence by 
rail, I'iA Frankibn-on-the-Oder, and Hansdorf (June.) 

A fortified town o( Prussian Germany, prov. Sileiia, iiiualed on L hank of 
rivet Oder, 31 m. N. by W. of Uepiili, im.l 56 m. N.W. uf Mretlaui lal 51* 
40' N., Ion. 16° 5' li. Pop. iS.ooo. 

Hotels— ICistiibahner Hof (Ry.) ; Deuldies Hans. 

'I". M.~6s. 

GLOUCESTER.— Rail from London (Paddington Station), 
6, 9.15, 10.15, ^^^ 1145 3-i)i. ; 2, 4.50, 6.20, 8.10 and 9 p.m. 
Sundays, 10 a.m., z.30 and 8.10 p.m. Fares: 20s., 15s., 9s. 6d. 

Or by L. and N.^V. Ry. (Euston Square), i'iSt Binningham. Fares 
as above. 

A city of England, Co, Gloucester, on the E. bank of the Severn, 32 ra. N. 
l.y E. Itrislol, and 114! m. from Ijindon by Gt.'W. Ry, Pop. 18,000. The 
city i* situated on a high eminence, and has anappearance of wealth and bmi- 
ntas. The river, which k here divided into two channels by Alney Island, is 
crossed by two line bridges. There are several handsome buildings, among 
which the cathedral, the shire hall, the town hatl, the county ga<d, a^ market 
house, deserve notice. Since the opening of the Berkeley canal, from Sharp- 
ness Point to Gloucester, the town has considerable direct trade with the 
\Vc>t Indies aiKl the Baltic. 4,989 ve!»els, of 408,476 tons burden, enlcred 
ami clearcil the port in 1S69. 

Members of ParliainenI— Ctf»»/i', East, R. Stayncr Holfonl, Est). (C), 
London rcsi<lcnce, Dorchester House, Park-lane, W. Sir M. E. H. Heach, 
Bart. (C), London residence. 72, Eaton-place, S.W. Wttt, Lieut.-Col. R. 
N. F. Kiny^cote (L), London residence, 34, Charles-street, Berkeley- siju are, 
\V. Samuel S. Marling, i;s<|. (I,), London residence, 97, Gloucester-terrace, 
llydc Park, W. City, William P. Price, Esq. (I,), I^ndon residence. Reform 
Cluli, .S.W. Charles J. Monk, Esq. (L), l^ndon residence, 3, Buckingham- 
g.ite. R.W, 

Bank— National IVovincial Hank of England, Thomas Woods, Esq., mang. ; 
London corresiHindenl, the National Provincial Bank of England, 1 11, Bisbops- 
Eat[.--slreel-wiltiin, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Commr. John George Framillon, R.N. 

Hotel— Wellington. 

GL.UCKSTADT.— Route from London, see Hamburg: 
thence by rail. 




1 82 Our Ocean Highways. 



A town of Prussian CJermany, prov. Sleswig-llolstein, on the r. bonk of 
the Elbe, and 26\ m. N.W. Hamburg, on a branch of the railway from Ham< 
burg to Kiel ; lat. 53° 47' N., Ion. 9" 26' E. Pop. 5,500. It has a good har- 
bour, and communicates by steam packets with the ports of the Elbe, especially 
Hamburg. 

Vice Consul (British) — ^Julius S. Schenck, Esq. 

Hotel — Hamburger Hof. 

T. M. — 6s. 

• • 

GMUNDEN. — Route from London, see Linz ; thence by 

rail, I'iii Wels, Lambach (junc.) 

A town of Upper Austria, at the northern extremity of the beautifullake of 
(imiinden, or Traun See, 35 m. S.W. of Linz (with which it is connected by 
railway); lal. 47° 55' N., Ion. 13** 48' E. Pop. 6,ooo. ITie magnificence of 
the adjoining scenery', especially that which encloses the lake, attracts numerous 
visitors annually. 

I lotel. — ( loldene Brunnen. 

T. M.— 6s. 

GO A. — For steamers, see Bombay; thence by B. I. S. N. Co.'s 

steamer, see Tables. 

A decayed city of India, on the Malabar coast, 250 m. S. of Bombay ; 
lat. 13" 30' N., Ion. 74** o' E. It is the cap. of the Portuguese territory of same 
name, the sole remaining relic of Portuguese dominion in India ; the prov. 
extends 62 m. along the coast and 40 m. inland, and has an area of about 1,000 
sq. w\. The older (ioa is now an abandoned site, its modem representative — 
New Cioa, or Panjim — lying some miles nearer to the sea than the ancient city. 
Pop. (of New Goa) about 9,000. 

T. M.— 57s. 

GOMBROON, or BUNDER ABBAS.— For steamers, 
see Bombay ; thence by B. I. S. N. Co.'s steamer, see Tables. 

A sea-port of Persia, on the Persian Gulf, near its mouth, about 12 m. 
N. W. the island Onnuz ; lat. 27" 18' N., Ion. 56** 30' E. Pop. 5,000. Imports: 
Indian and other piece goods and china ware. Exports : Persian carpets, 
tobacco, and dried fruits. 
T. M.— 26s. 

GON AIVES. — For steamers, see Port-au-Prince ; thence by 

local land or water communication. 

A town and port of Hayti (W. Indies) at the head of a bay on the W. coast 
of the island, 60 m. N.W. of Port-au-Prince; lat. I9''3o'N., Ion. 7a'4l'\V. 
1 1 has a gootl harbour. 

Vice Consul (British) — ^J. B. McGuflfie, Escj. 

Lloyd's Agent — ^Jas. B. McGuffie, Estj. 

GOOLE. — Rail from London (King's Cross) to Knottingley, 
10 and 12 a.m., 2.45 p.m. Simdays, 7.30 a.m. Fares: 30s. 6(1., 
23s., 14s. 3d. For steamers, see Tables. 

A river-port of England, \V. Riding, co. York, on the Ousc, at the tenni- 
nation of the Aire and Calder navigation, 3 m. S. Howdcn ; lat. 53* 40' N., 



Ottr Ocean Highsoays. 



>° 53' W. I'c^. 5.S00. The harbour isaccessibte /or ships drawing 17 ft. 

. Recent iiaproveiiicnta have been mode in detpening the cbonnd of the 

There are good docks, and n greiH ImlGi; in coaU a carried un. 3.205 



GORITZ. —Route from London, see Fran kfort-on -the- 
Oder ; thence by diligence, 

A toHn of Pnisisiaii Gennaii)'. prov. Bnndcnburg, near r. book nf river 
Oder, 12 m. N.N.E. of Franldbrt-on-the-Oder; Ul 52* 30* N., Ion. n^^lL. 
Pop. 2.280. 

Hotel- — Zum Weben Schwann. 

T. M.— 6. 

GORLITZ. — Route from London, see Dresden : thence by 
rail vid Kohlfurt (June.) 

A t"u-., .>rrni,-i.,t,(;,rm3nv, T>mv. SHo^m, ™ I. \at<k of rivff Neisse (an 
.-,;;■ I ■ ■ ■■ . I ■■:. ;i. :: W ■■■ -. ■ 1 I . v ..;.■] r. - !■;. ofBerlin, 

I ' ■', the orphan 

■■ , , „ ' I'lviinded by 

walk, and entered liy eleven gales. It ha? some woollen and linen manufactures. 
Hotel— Brcslauer HoF. 
T. M.— 6s. 

GORZ or GORITZ. — Route from London, see Trieste; 
thence by Eilwagen. 

A town of Austrian Empire, lUyrian prov., 11 m. N.W. of Trieste ; 
lat. 45° 56' N., Ion. 13° 37* L. Fop. 16,800. It lies not far from the 1. bank 
of the river Isonio, the Illyrian Alps strclchinc to the north and eastward : 
there are manufactures o( leather, earthenware, Sc. 

T. M.— 6s. 

GOSPORT.— Rail from London (Waterloo Station) 7.30, 
8.10, and 11.15 a.m.; 12.45, 3-i5. 4-*5. S-'S P'™- Sundays, 
g.45 and 10.15 a.m. ; 5p.m. Fares: 15s., los. 6d., 6s. 2d. 

A sea-port of England, co. Hants, 33 m. S.E. Winchester and 89 m. from 
London by the S. W. Kj., which has a branch line to this place. Pop. 7,800. 
It is situated on the western side of the entrance to Portsmouth harbour, on a 
point of laud facing the town of Portsmouth (which see), from which il is 
distant, at one pait, only half a mile, and with which there is constant inter- 
eouTiie by means of a steam ferry and floating bridge. The town is well built, 
and contains a market house, theatre, house of correction, foundries, breweries, 
and extensive works connected with the Royal Victualling Yaid and other 
Government establishments. 

Hank — Messrs. Grant's and Co.; London Correspondent, Messrs. Glyn, 
MilLs CurrieandCo., 67, Lombard-slreet, E.C. 

I Eotel — Anglesca. 




184 Our Ocean Highways. 



GOTHA. — Route from I^ndon by rail, fixed mail senices, 
see pa<3^es Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, Giessen, 
Neustadt, Guntershausen, and Eisenach. 

A town of Central (icrmany, conjointly with Coburg the cap. ofprincip. 
Saxe-Coburfj-Gotha, and residence of the sovereign prince, seated on the (iecli\'ity 
of a hill, the summit of which is crowned by the palace of Friedenstein ; 46 m. 
N. by W. Coburg and 12^ m. \V. by S. Erfurt, on the railroad from Leipzig 
to Frankforl-on-the-Main. l*oj). 19,000. It is one of the best laid out and 
best ])uili towns of Ccrmany, antl is surrounded by handsome boulevards. The 
palace is an imposing Imilding, conspicuous at a distance, not unlike Windsor 
Castle in its situation, and surrounded by similar terraces, commanding fine 
view>. Ciotha has a large manufactory of porcelain, and produces cotton, 
woollen and linen fal»rics, yarn, ^c. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. James Sinclair and Son. 

} lotel -Dcutschcr 11 of. 

T. M.— 6s. 

GOTHLAND. — For steamers, see Gottenburg; thence by 
occasional steam and sailing communication. 

An island in the Haltic, belonging to Sweden. It is above 70 m. long by 
24 m. wide, of mtxlerate elevation (nowhere rising upwards of 200 ft.), and — 
w itli the adjacent island of Fariie, from which it is divided by a narrow strait — 
has a i)op. of 54,000. Tiie principal town on the island is Wisby, on the W. 
coa^t, in lai. 57" 38' N., Ion. 18" 19' E., with 6,200 inhabitants. Wisby M-as 
formerly of greater commercial importance than at present, and a proraincnl 
member of the llanseatic League. 

GOTTENBURG or GOTEBORG. —For route from 

London l)y rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via 
Dover, Calais, limssels, Cologne, Hanover, Hamburg, and 
Kiel ; thence by steam to Copenhagen, or direct to 5lalmo, 
from whence rail, via Jonkoping to Gottenburg. For steamers, 

see Tables. 

A sea-]iort of Sweden, and the second in that kingdom, on the \V. jjart of 
which it is situated, at the hea<l of a fionl near the Caltegat, which receives 
the Cj(»ia, abt»ut 260 m. S.W. Stockholm, with which it is connected by rail- 
way, and 157 m. S.S.E. Christiania ; lat. 57* 39' N., Ion. II**S9'E. Pop. 
53,400. The aj^proach to (lottenburg is extremely fine; the houses are lofty, 
the streets wide and well pave<l. and canals, with rows of trees on either bide, 
abound. The town is defended by three forts, llie harbour is the most con- 
veniently situated for foreign trade in Sweden. After Stockholm, Gottenburg 
has the most extensive commerce of any town in Sweden, its exports and im- 
ports each averaging a million and a half sterling annually. Iron and steel, 
the former excellent, the l.ilter inferior to that made in England, form the prin- 
cipal articles of export. The next great article of exjwrt is timber ; the others, 
linen, sail cloth, tar, coj^per, alum, glass, &c. The principal articles of im- 
port are sugar, coffee, tobacco, cotton, yam, twi.st, salt, indigo, dye M'oodi, 
rice, wine, c\:c. 

C<msul (Itritish) — C F. Engstrom, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, E. W. Duff, Estp 



Our Ocean //tg&ruays. 



Coiuul (American) — F. K. Buier, Esq. 

Vice CooEul „ 

Clergyinan {ProlesUmt)— Rev. John A. Nicholson, M.A. 

Banks — Messrs. D. Carnegie rt Cie.; London correspondent, the National 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.C (Cirttilar noto.j The Scandinaviaa 
Credit Company; Lon. cor., Musn, Hemes, Karquhar, and Co., 16, St. 
Jamcs's-siraet, S.W. (CirathirtKla.^ 

Lloyd's Agent — Messes. Jos. Sinclair and Son. 

Holt-I— Gola Kailare. 

T. M.— 8s. 

GOTTINGEN For route from London by rail, fixed mail 

services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, 
Marburg, Guntershausen, and Cassel. 

A town of Prussian Germany, prov. Hanover, on the rulway from Ha lover 
Xa CoKicl, 53 m. a. Hanover and 34 m. N.E. Cnuel. Pop. l4,5CO. ''The 
town is plca.sanlly ^tualed oo the banlis of the Leine (an affluent of the Weser), 
and a ooly notable for its university, founded by (Jeoise II. in 1734- 

Bank— Messrs. H. and F. Klettinc and Reibslein. No. 637, Zmdel Strasse ; 
London comspondenl, the National Bank, 13, Old Broad-Mreel, E.C, (Cir- 



GOUDA. — Route from London, see Rotterdam; thence by 

ill. 

A town of the Netherlands, prov. S. Holland, lying in the midst of water 
)ursc<, 11 m. N.E. of Rotterdam, and on the railway thence to Utrecht; lal. 



. ,3' E. Pop. 15,700. It has some manufaclures of earthen- 
ware, and brick-ntoktng is largely carried on. 
Hotel— Doelen's. 
T. M.~3s. 9d. 

GRAN. — Route from London, see Pesth ; thence by rail. 

A town of Hungary (Austrian Empire), on S. bank of river Danube, 24 m. 
N.W. Pesth; lat. 47" 48' N., Ion. 18*45' E. ^°V- 15,000. 
Hotel— Englischet Hof. 
T. M.— 6s. 

GRANADA.— Route from London, by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Tours, Bor- 
deaux, Bayonne, Madrid, Cordova, and Loja(junc.) 

A famous city of Spain, cap. of prov. of same name (pari of Andalusia), 
on the N. slope of the Sicria Nevatia, and at the janclure of the rivers Darro 
and Xenil (the last-named flowing into the Uuadalquivir), 1,300 ft. above the 
sea, 116 m. K. by S. Seville, with which it is connected by railway, and 
217 m. S. b^ W. Madrid ; lal. 37' i8'N., lon. 3" 50' W. Pop. 67,000. The 
chief attraction for travellers is the palace of the Alhambni, whidi is perched 
on a high hill and overlooks the city. Granada formerly had eilensive 
foclories of velvets, silks, and ribbons, but its industry is at present in a low 




1 86 Our Ocean Highways* 



Banks — Senor Jose de Ojestc and Puerto ; London correspondent, Messrs. 
Ilcrries, Farquhar, and Co., i6, St. James's-street, S.W. (Circular nata,) 
Senor J. M. Rodriguez y Acosta. 

1 lotcl — Fonda de la Victoria. 

T. M.— 7s. 

GRAND CANARY ISLAND. — For steamers, see 

Palmas. 

One of the islands of the Canary group, and the second in maenitndcL 
Palmas, its principal town, on the E. coast, is in lat. 28° / N., Ion. 15^25' W. 
Like all the members of the group, it is of volcanic origin and of moontuiioas 
aspect, its highest elevation reachmg upwards of 6,000 ft. Palmas^ with 17*000 
inhabitants, is the most attractive town in the Canary Islands in point of sitna* 
tion and climate, and has some trade, exporting wine, cochineal. Sec. 

Vice Consul (British) — H. Houghton, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent — H. Houghton, Esq. 

GRAN PARA.— See PARA. 

GRAND CAYMAN. — For steamers, see Jamaica ; thence 

by occasional sailing communication. 

An island of the British W. Indies, attached to the government of Jamaicit 
from the W. extremity of which it is 200 m. distant to the N.W.; Gcofse- 
town, on its W. side is in lat. 19"* 20' N., Ion. 8i* 26' \V. It is the only m- 
habited one of the Cayman islands ; the two others, Little Cayman and Uay* 
man Brak, arc some distance to the eastward. 

GRANGEMOUTH.— Route from London by Scotch maS 

trains, see pages Hi to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square) vU 
Carlisle ; Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross) vid York. 

A sea-port of Scotland, co. Stirling, on river Carron and Forth and Clyde 
canal, 11 m. S.S.E. Stirling, and 420 m. from London by Gt. N. Ry.; uL 
56" 3' N., Ion. 3*" 4/ W. Pop. 1,76a It has a custom honse, bank, eztcn* 
sive quays and warehouses, graving docks, ship building slips, and a hazbonr 
for vessels drawing not more than 12 ft. water. 2,031 vessels, of 418^912 tons 
burden, entcrc<l and cleared the port during the year 1869. 

Bank — The Commercial Bank of Scotland, John S. Mackay, Esq., man^; 
London correspondent, London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothboiy, E.C 

GRANTHAM. — Rail from London (King's Cross), 7.40^ 9^ 
10, and 12 a.m. ; 1.15, 2.45, 5.25, 8.10, and 9.15 p.m. Sundays 
7.30 a.m. ; 5 and 9.15 p.m. Fares : 19s. ist cL, 14s. 2nd cL, 8s^ gd. 

3rd cl. 

A tovs-n and pari. bor. of England, ca Lincoln, 105^ m. from Loodon I9 
Gt. N. Ry. Pop. of pari, bor., 11,000 ; of town, 4,95a 

Members of Parliament — Hon. F. J. ToUemache (L), London rendenocb 
Athenscum Club, S.W. ; Capt 11. A. H. Cholmeley (L), London midfncf, 
10, Upper Belgrave-street, S.W. 



Our Oceati Higksjays. 



Bank — SUmford, Spalding, "ri Boston Banting Co. (Brftneh), R. P. 
Bryan, Esq. , miuig. ; I«iulon corrcipondent, Mcssn. Buiday, Bcvon and Co., 
54, Lombtuil-stTiMt, E.C. 

Hotcli— The Angel, anil Ihe Royal. 

GRANTON. — Route from London, by Scotch mail trains, 
see [lagcs lii to liv, London and N, W. Ry, (Euston Square), vii 
Carlisle ; Gt N. Ry. (King's Cross), vi& York. 

A port of ScdIIukI, txt. Edinburgh, on S. thore of Firth of Fonli, 3 m. 
W. of the city ol Edinburgh, anil 400 m. from Lnndon by Gt. N. Ry. It l% a 
ftny slalion of the N, Bntiah and Caledomin railways ; has a pier 1,700 ft. 
long, four jetties, and a lighthouse with fixed lipht. On tlie E. and N.W. i' * 



protected by breakwaters, and is accessible at sTt limei of the tide. There ai 
a ship-buildbg dock, patent slips, and steam cranes. Granton bai considcrab 
trade in the export lof coal ; tea, tobacco, spirits, &c., arc impoited. 



vessels, of 265, 147 tons burden, entered and cleared the port during the year 
1869. 

Bank— Royal Bank of Scotland (Branch), James Lamb, Esq., niang.; 
London correspondent, Me.'srs. Coutls and Co., 59, Strand, W.C. 

Hotel — See Edinburgh. 

GRANVILLE.— Route from I-ondon by rail, fixed niail 
services, see pages Iv 10 txxii, viA Dover, Calais, Paris, Argcnton, 
Flers, and Vire ; thence by diligence. For steamers, see Tables. 

A fortified sea-port of France, dep. Manche, at the foot of a promontory 
projeeling into the English Channel, 30 m. S.W. St. Lo ; lat. ^ $<>' 7" ^■• 
Ion. 1° 35' 57" W. Pop. 15,600. It has a citadel, custom house, and granite 
mole ; eilensive cod, oyster, and whale fisheries, and likewise trade with E. 
and W, Indies and Channel Islands. 

Bonks — Messrs. Boisnard, Giandmaison et Cie. ; London correspondent, 
Messrs. Henies, Farquhar and Co., 16, St. Jaroes's-street, S.W, (Cinutar 
notes.) Les Neveux de GallLen,_Toupct et Cie. 

Lloyd's Agenl — Julien Andre Joualt, Esq. 

Hotel— DesTr- " 

T. M.-3=.. 4d. 

GRATZ. — Route from London, by rail, fixed mail s 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, wd Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, 
Mayence, Darmstadt, Wurzburg, Nuremberg, Regensburg, Passau, 
and Vienna ; thence by Sudbahn (Southern Ry.) to Gratz. 

A cily of Austria, cap. Styria, on both sides the Mur, a tributary of the 
Ilravc 82 ni. N.E. laybach, 88 m. N.N.W. Agram, and 89 ni. S.W. Vienna, 
on the railway from Vienna to Trieste ; lat. 47* 4' N., Ion. 15° i6' E. Pop. 
80,000. Next to Vienna, Prague, and Trieste, Giali is the largest and most 
iiniHirtant city within Ihe German provinces of Austria. Its situation is most 
picturesque — all round its plain, through which the large and rapid river flows, 
amidst com fields and rural hamlets, rises an amphitheatre of hills, and beyond 
are the lofty mountain masses of Upper Styria and Carinthia, covered during 
the greater portion of Ihe year with snow. The Johanneum, soealled from its 
founder, Archduke John, is a noble institution, designed for the encouragement 
of art and science. Giatz is also the seat of a university. The mauu^tures 




1 88 Our Ocean Highways. 



consist of woollen, cotton, and silk tissues, leather, and numerous articles of 
iron-ware. The trade is chiefly in iron, timber, flax, hemp, and seeds. 

Bank — Charles (ireinitz, Esq. ; London correspondent, the National Bank, 
13, Old Broad-street, E.G. ( Circular notes.) 

1 lotel — Archduke Johann. 

T. M.— 6s. 

GRAVELOTTE.— See METZ. 

GRAVESEND.— Rail fromLondon (CharingCross Station), 
frequent trains. For steamers, see Tables. 

A sca-}K)rt and pari. l)or. of England, co. Kent, on the S. bank of the 
Thames, 20 m. E. by S. London by road, and 24 m. by N. Kent Ry. Pop. 
18,780. On the opposite side of the river, which is here about i m. broad, is 
Tilbury Eori, with which there is communication by a steam ferry. The port 
of London terminates here. Steamers ply almost every hour between London 
(Charing Cross pier) and Gravesend ; they take in passengers at intermediate 
piers, and make the trip in al>out 3 hours, the distance being 30 m. by water. 
Kumcrous trains nm from Charing Cross and London Bridge stations, the trip 
being accomplished by train, all stoppages included, in less than an hour. 
Eare, 3s. 6cl. ist cl. 

Member of Parliament — Sir C. J. Wingfield, K.S.I., Bart. (L), London 
residence, 13, Albert Mansions, S.W. 

Bank — Provincial Banking Corp. (Branch), A. Hallister, Esq., mai^. ; 
London correspondent, IVovincial Banking Corporation, 7 Bank-buildings, 
J^olhlmry, E.C. 

J lotel — Terrace. 

GRAY. — Route from I^ndon, see Dijon; thence by rail, r/U 

Auxonne (jiinc). 

A town of Erance, dep. Haute Saone, situated on the 1. bank of ri\*cr 
Saline, 30 m. N.E. of Dijon, and the same distance S.W. of Vesoul. Pop. 
6,7e3o. It is the centre of a very active trade with Gennany. The collie, 
public library, and exchange are the principal buildings. 

War 1S70-71 — Defeat of French by Von Werder, 27th October, 187a 
The Prussians held the town till Von Wenler commenced his celebrated 
strategic retreat, when it was evacuated, December, 1870. 

Motel — De P'rance. 

T. M. — 3s. 4d. 

GREAT MARLOW. — Rail from London (Paddington 
Station), Sand 11 a.m.; 12.23, 4-23, ^nd 7.43 p.m. Sundays, 
8 a.m.: 7.53 p.m. Fares: 5s. 3d. ist cl., 4s. 2nd cl., 2s. 4|d. 

3rd cl. 

A town and pari. \\ox. of Kngland, co. Bucks, on 1. bank of river ThameSi 
28 J ni. from London by Gt. W. Ky. Poj^. 6,500. 

Member of Parliament — Thomas O. Wethered, Esq. (C), London residenoei 
38, (ireat Cumberland-place, W. 

Hotel — The (leorge and Dragon. 

GREENCASTLE.— Route from Tendon by Irish mail 

trains (see page lii), to Londonderry ; thence by coach. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



A maritime vQlage of Ulster, Irdaiul, co. Londondcny, lying nl the 
cnlranceof Lough Foylc, on its N. side, 3 m. N.E. of Moville, and io m, in 
rhe sanie direction from Londcmderry : Ul. 55* 11' N., Ion. 6' 59' W. U i$ a 
place of kiH for the sleamera lo oail fram the United Statea and Caciula. by 
the route of the North Channel. 

Hold — See Londonderry. 

GREENLAW. — Route from London by Scotch mail 
trains, see pages Hi to liv, to Berwick-upon-Tweed ; thence by 
local line. 

A town of Scotland, ao ni. W.-S-W. Berwiclt-on-Twecd. Pop, 1,370. 
The town lies on [he Blackaddet (an affluent of Oic TweeiJ ), and has a cuunly 
hall and gaol. 

Memlier of Parliameni — CoHttly S/neict, David Robettun, Eiq. (L), 
London rpiiitcnce. 56, Upper Brook-slreet, \V. 

Bank— City of Glaigow (Branch}, Allan Purvis, Esq., mang., London cor- 
respondent, London Joint Stock Bank, 5, Frincci-strcct, £.C. 

GREENOCK.— Rotite from London by Scutch mall trams, 

see pages !ii to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Ettston Sqtiare), viA Car- 
lisle: Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), !7i( Vork. For steamers, see 
Tables. 

A sea-port and pari. lior. of Scotland, co. Renfreiv, on the .S. ude of the 
Finh of Clyde, here between 3 and 4 miles »4de, ili at. N.N.W. Gla-tgow 
I.y rail, and 427* ni. from Lor«lon by N. W. Ry. ; kt. SS" $6' 54" N., Ion. 4*^45' 
15" \V. Pop. 42,000. The principal stmcturcs arc the cuitom house, extensive 
(juays. a line town hall, many churches and chapels, the Watt Institute, a pu)>ljc 
library, a good academy, &c. The new Albert harbour contains 3,700 ft. of 
<]U.iy berlhs, and 9 acres of water. Depth of Victoria and Albert harbours aX. 
low water, 14 ft., at high tides, 24 ft. There are large steam-cranes for lifling 
inichineiy. A lai^c trade in ship building and engine making is carried on ; 
ocean steamers of the greatest size and power are built for cveiy port in Ihe 
world. There arc many sugar refining works, rope, sail cloth, and paper fac- 
lotii-i, an cxleriMve foreign trade, and a large steam traffic coastwise. 3,079 
iL—tK, of GGj,25i tons bunien, enleieil and cleared the port of Greenock in 
1S69. 

Memlicr of rarliamcnt—Jamcs J. Grieve, Esri. (L}, l-ondon residence, 
74. r^nc^nV-galc, W. 

Hanks— Clydesdale liankingCo., H. Xoblc, Ksq., mang.; London cortcs- 
pondent, the l.imdon and Westminster Bank, 41, Lolhbury, E.G. The 
National Bank of Scotland ; Lon. cor., the National Bank of Scotland, 37, 
Nicholas-lane, K.C. 

Lloy<l' 



GREENWICH.— Rail from London (Charing Cross, Can- 
non Street, and London Bridge Stations), almost every hour. 
Fares: is, 1st cl., gd. and cl., fid. 3rd cl. For steamers, see 
Tables. 

A town and pail. bor. of England, on S. bank of Thames, co. Kent, 4t m. 




iQO Our Ocean Higkwc^s. 



E.S.E. London by S. E. Ry. Pop. of pari. lx)r. (which includes the neigh- 
l)ouring towns of Deptfonl and Woolwich), 139,000. Greenwich, which is in 
fact a suburb of the metropolis, is a thriving town, but without any particnlar 
trade or manufacture ; the business of the place being hitherto derived from its 
public establishments, from affluent families residing in or near it, and from 
the shipping and craft on the river. Greenwich Hospital stands most con- 
spicuously on the bank of the river, on an elevated terrace nearlv 900 ft. lon& 
and covers an area of 40 acres. It consists of four quadrangular piles, bout 
principally of Portland stone, each bearing the name of the sovereign in whose 
reign it was erected, namely. King Charles, Queen Anne, King William, and 
Queen Mar>'. The establishment is temporarily closed, as far as the invalids 
and pensioners are concemcxl. On an emmence in Greenwich Park, whence a 
magnificent view of the river and the distant metropolis is obtained, and 160 ft. 
above the river, is the Royal Obser\'atory, erected by Charles II. for the celebrated 
Flanistead, and fitted up with telescopes and other astronomical instruments. 
The u[)per part forms the observatoiy, the lower being used as the residence 
of the Astronomer Royal. The longitudes of all English charts and maps, and 
also uf the United States, are reckoned from this obser\'atory ; and the captains 
of ships take their time as given here at I p.m. daily. It is a* 20' 15* W. 
from Paris, and 18^ 9' 45" E. from Ferro, from which respectively the FreiKh 
and Ciermans reckon their lon^tudc. 

Meml)ers of Parliament — Sir David Salomons, Bart. (L), London residence^ 
26, Cireat Cumlxjrland -place, W. Right Hon. W. E, Gladstone (L), London 
residence, ii, Carlton-housc-terrace, S.W. 

Rink — North Kent, J. F. Delany, Esq., mang.; London correspondent, 
Messrs. liarclay, Revan, and Co., 54, Lombard-street, E.C. 
Hotel — The Ship ; the Trafalgar. 

GREIFSWALD.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
sen'ices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels^ 
Cologne, Berlin, and Pasewalk. 

A sea-port of Prussia, prov. Pomerania, 3 m. from the Baltic, and 18 m. 
S.]^. Stralsund, on the railway from Berlin toStralsund; Ut. 54* 5' N., loo. 
13" 21' E. Pop. 17,300. It has a harbour at the month of the Kyck; but it 
only lx.'ing navigable for .small vessels, the trade is not considerable. 

T. M.— 6s. 

GRENADA. — For steamers, see Tables. 

An island of the W. Indies, belonging to Great Britain ; situated between 
lat. 1 1° 58' and 12" 14' N., and Ion. 61 20' and 61" 3j' W; about 90 m. N. 
Trini<lad, and 68 m. S.S.W. St. Vincent. Greatest length, 20 m.; greatest 
breadth, ID m. ; area, 133 sq. m. Estimated pop. (at end of 1869), 37,00a 
A chain of hills runs through the island. It is well watered, the soil is on the 
whole fertile, and about hvc-eighths of the surfisice is cultivated ; indi«H 
toIxLcco, sugar, coffee, cocoa, and cotton thrive welL The exports toue 
United Kingdom comprise chiefly coffee, cocoa, rum, sugar, and molaacs» 
the average annual tonnage being about 30,000. Its cap., St. Gcom, on t 
spacious bay on the S. side of the island, has one of the most oonunodious hai^ 
bours in the British W. Indies. 

Postal — Letters to Grenada by British and French packet, not ezoecdiqg 
i oz. Is., I oz. 2s., i\ oz. 3s.; registr. fee 4(1.; newspapers, by British padECt, 
id. ; by French, 2d. Money orders are issued, whicn are available. 



Our Ocean HighvDays. 



Banks — Alexnndcr Martin, Erq. : t.Dndon cormpondcnt, McNm. Herrie^ 
Farquhar, nnd Co.. l6, Si, Jntnes't-slrcet, S.W, Colonial Bank (Branch), 
Cfiarles Hennr Major, Esq., mang. : London correspondent, ihe Colonial 
Bank, 13, BUnopsga(e-sl reel -within, E.C. 

Lloyd's A^enl — Mesirs, .Uexsmler Hubhord and Co> 

Hotel — Sl tleorgc, Mrs. Douglas, propriclress. 

GRENOBLE.— Rome from London by rail, fixed mail 
senices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, i-iA Dover, Calais, Paris, Dijon, 
Lyons, and Rives. 

A forlilieii dly of France, dtp. Isire, and on 1. b»nk of river Isire, 
58 m. S.E. Lyoi», wid ago m. S.E. Paris ; tat. 45° 11' N., Ion. s°44'E. 
Pop. 40,000. It lies on both sides of the Isire, Ihe two parts of the city 
being conncEled by two briilges. It contjlias numerous squares and hanit- 
some public foiuilains ; and near ila centre Ik a spacious garden laid out in 
public walks, and having a quay on the river. Creuoble a noled for its manu- 
facture of kid gloves; aad has others, of liqaeurs, linen (abrics, &c It alto 
trades in hemp, iron, marble, and timber. 'Die famous coovpnt of La Gnuide 
Chartreose lies 13 m. N. by E. of Grenoble, within the wQ<l valley of the 
Ouler, a little stream which Howk northward into the Rhone. 

Bank— Mussrs. Gailhrd per*, fil. el Cie.; I^mlon corrcNpondtnl, Mes«5. 
Herric.. l'cir.|TihaF, an.l Cu., 16, St. JamesVslrecl, h.W. (Orculu, „.,lfs.) 

Hotel — Ue I'Europc. 

T. SL— 3s. 4<l. 

GREY TOWN or SAN JUAN DE NICARAGUA. 

— For steamers, see Tables, 

A sea-port of Nicaragua, Central America, on the shore of the Caribbean 
Sea, at mouth of river San Juan, which forms Ihc outlet of lake Nicara{^a ; 
lat. 10° SS' N., Ion. 83° 43' W. It has some trade in the export of hides, 
indigo, &c., and was for some years the ea-stera terminus of an important line 
of communication between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of America (by n-ay 
of the river San Juan and lake Nicaragua); but, owing to natural causes, Ihc 
entrance of the river has become in part tilled up, and this, combined uilh 
fte([iicnt interruption due to diminution in the waters of the river, has led to 
much of the trade being diverted into other channels, chiefly by way of Colon 



GRIMSBY (GT.)— Rail from London (King's Cross), 
7.40,9 a.m.; 1. 15, 2.4s, and 9.15 p.m. Sunday trains, 7.30 a.m. ; 
9.15 p.m. Fares: 27s. 6d. isl d,, 20s. 6d. 2nd cl., rzs. lojd. 
3rd cl. For steamers, see Tables. 

A sea-port of England, co. Lincoln, on the S. side of the cstoan' of the 
number, which, at thii point, is about 7 m. across, 7 m. W. from the light- 
house on Spurn Head. nS m. N. London by road, and 155 m. lyGt. N. Ry.; 
'at. 53° 34' N.. Ion. 4°o W. Pop. ii.ooo. Grimsby has the double advan- 
lagc of a secure roadstead and of proiimity lo the open sea- The new docks 
have two entrance locks, having in front a tidal bum of 15 acres. The latter 
has a depth of II ft. at low water, and the liiciUty of ir^ress and egnss is 




192 Our Ocean Highways. 



especially U!<cful to steamers, which lie alongside the piers at all times of the 
tide. The Royal Docks occupy 140 acres, near the railway terminus, and, 
including the wet dock, afford ample accommodation for more than 1,200 saiL 
3,045 vessels, of 714,580 tons burden, enteretl and cleared the port in 1S69. 

Member of Parliament — George Tomline, Esq. (L), London residence, I, 
Carltondu )use-terrace, S. W. 

Ibnk — Hull IJanking Co., C. M. 13. Veal, Ksq., mang. ; London coms- 
pondcnt, Messrs. Barclay, Bevan, Tritton, Twells, and Co., 54, Lombard- 
street, K.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Thomas Oates, Esq. 

Hotel— The Royal. 

GRONINGEN.— Route from Ix)ndon by rail, fixed mail 
services, sec i)ages Iv tolxxii,?'/^/ Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, 
Miinstcr, and Leer. For steamers, see Amsterdam ; thence by 
rail. 

A fortified city of the Netherlands, prov. same name ; on the Hunsc, 90in. 
N.L. Amsterdam, on the railway from Ix:euwarden to Emden ; lat. 53* 13' N., 
Ion. 0" 34' K. ]\ip. 37,600. The town is well built and clean : its market 
l)lacc is one of the finest in Holland; and there is a fine public promenade, 
callctl the ' Tlantat^e.' It has a strong citadel, and is surrounded by ramparts 
and ditciics, kept in £;;o(xl condition. Its university is attended by from 400 \Q 
500 students annually. The grain trade is extensive, as well as that in cattle 
and butler. l^rge vessels can, by means of a canal, come quite up to the 
town. 

\icc Consul (Tirilish) — ^J. Schielthnis, Escj. 

T. M. 3s. 9d. 

GUADELOUPE.— For Steamers, see Tables. 

One of the Windward Islands, in the W. Indies, and one of the most 
valuable colonies belonging to Erance, lying l)etween lat. 15° 58' and l6°32' N., 
and Ion. 61' lo' and 61'' 50' \V. (iuadeloui)e is dividetl into two halve>, dL»- 
tinguishe<l as (irande- Terre and Basse-Terre, by an arm of the sea, aboat 
5 in. in length, and from 30 to 120 yards broad. A chain of volcanic 
inuuntains, 3.000 ft. high, runs through the centre of liasse-Terre, the 
weNtrrly divi>^ion of the island. The Soufriere, an extinct volcano, rises 
a1)uut $.000 ft. Total pop. of island, 131,874 ; M-ith its dependency, 
Marie-galanle, (which see) 146,000. The town of Basse-Terre, the cap. 
of (luadeloupe, is clean, well built, and contains 6,400 inhabitants. Point- 
A-Pitre, a town of 13,000 inhabitants, owe> its prosperity to an excellent 
port at the W. end of (hande-Terre. The exports of the island consist of sugar 
ami c«)free, nearly all (^f which goe.> to France, wherefrom also nine-tenths of 
the imi)orts are derived, consi>ting of saltetl meat, flour, maize, peas, olive oilt 
cotleii, linen, and silk fabrio, &c. 

\'ice C<»nsul (IJritish) — X. Nesty, Ksq. 

(\>Msul (American) — II. Thionville, Ksq. 

Llu)d's .\gcnt — Ameilie l^iuriol, Esq. 

1 lotel— ( Ba.>.-»e-Terre) Cclanire. 

GUANAPE ISLANDS.— For steamers, see Callao; 
thence by occasional sailing communication. 



Our OcsoH fiighat^s. 



GUANAXUATO — For route, see Tampico; thence by 
local communication. 

dp. of slate of siune nunc, in Mexico, iGon. N.W. of dly of Mexico; lit 
ai°o' 15" N., Ion. 100° ss' W. Pop. SOi°°Oi of whom Iwo-ihutis are in the 
city, and the rest in the celebrated mines. There are numerous mining n-orlu, 
•ltd B mint. More than 100 shafls have been opened in the vicinity of [lie city. 

Vice Consul (British)—!. C McGoao, Ksq. 

Bank — Agency of the London Bank oif Mexico and .South America ; Xxin- 
don corresponiient, London Bank of Mexico and South America, 144, Leoden- 
holl-strccl, EX. 

GUATEMALA (SANTIAGO DE). or NEW GUA- 
TEMALA. — For route, see San Joso de Guatemala ; thence by 
local communication. 

A city of CentriLl America, cap. rcpob. of suneiuLme. i,Soo ft. above the 
krel of the sea, 106 m. W.N.W. San Salvador and 655 m. E.S.E. Menico j 
Ul. 14'" 37* N., Ion. 90' 3S' W. Pop. 40,000. It is bwutifiiUy siliuiled in a 
spacious plain, and tkrough the centre of its s[reel3 run sircamleti of water. 
The houses are only one story liigh, on account uf cirtlnjual.es. There is a 
university. The town has monulactures of musltns, calicoes, china, cuors, dec. 

Consul General (British) and Cha^ d'Aiiaires— Edwin Corbett, &q. 

ConsulfBritish)— G.J. Hochmeyer, Esq. 

Lloyd's Agent— John Matthews, Esq, 

GUAYAQUIL — For steamers, see Tables. 

A city of S. America, the chief sea-port of the rep. of Ecuador, situated on 
the r. bank of Ibe river Guaymas, about 60 m. above its entrance into the Gulf 
of Guayaquil : lal. z° 30' S., Ion, 79° 43' W. Pop. 40,000^ It extent! 5 about 
a mile and a half along the bank of the river, with low ground (converted 
during the rains into a swamp) in the rear. The houses, chiefly of wood, arc 
low, for security against earthquakes ; some iraprovemeots in the way of drain- 
age and lighting have been made within a recent date, and a carriage road to 
Quito, the capital (153 m. distant, to the N.N.E.Jis in course of construction. 
The climate during the first five months of the yeor is t^'inc to Europeans, 
and the heal oppressive i during the rest of the year the air is cooled by 
the $ea breeics, and the dryness of the atmosphere occasions the heat to he le^ 
painfully felt. The trade is consideiable : the principal exports are cocoa, 
india-rubber, orchilla weed, bark, straw hats, ivory, nuts, tobacco, collon, 
ooiffee, hides, hammocks, saisaparilla, gold-dust, canes, and lumber. The 
quantity of cocoa exported in a ^ngle year (chiefly to Spain) exceeds 173,000 

Juintals— the i]Uintal equal to about looi English lbs. The imports are, from 
logland, Manchester and Dundee goods, earthenware, hardware and cutlery ; 
from France, silks, muslins, boots, paper, wines, brandies, liqueois, and pie- 
served fruits ; from Spain, wines, raisins, olives, attd a spirit called mayorca ; 
from Chili, flour and vermicelli ; from Peru, rice, fruits, and vegetables ; from 
the United States, taid (largely consumed here), kerosene oil, cnOery, andhard- 
ware. The discovery of kerosene springs in the N. of Peru hiu led to a diminu- 
tion in the trade in that article. The number of vessels entering the port iniS69 
was 151, of which 63 were British. 




1 94 Our Ocean Highways, 



Consul CIcncral (British) and Charge d* Affaires — Fred. Hamilton, Esq. 

Vice Consul (British) — Chas. Theodore Smith, Esq. 

Consul (American) — Chas. Weile, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, G. P. Bragdon, Esq. 

IJoyd's A^cnt— Messrs. Millan, Ballen and Co. 

Hotel -De Taris, S. Leteche, proprietor. 

GUAYMAS. — For steamers, see Vera Cruz ; thence by occa- 
sional steam and sailing communication. 

A sca-])()rt of Mexico, State of Sonera, on the E. side of the Gulf of Cali- 
fc^rnia ; Lit. 2S' o' N., l<m. iio** 51' W. Its harbour is one of the best on the 
Mexicnn coast. Poj). about 3,500. 

Consul (.Xnicrican) — Alex. Willard, Esq. 
Lloyd's Ai^'cnt— Maurice Wallheim, Esq. 

GUERNSEY.— Route from London by rail, No. i, via 
Soiithamj)ton, which sec (Waterloo Station), Mondays, Tuesdays, 
Wc(lncN(lays, Thursdays, and Friday.s, 9 p.m. No. 2, via Wey- 
mouth, which see (Paddington Station), Tuesdays and Fridays, 
4.50 ]) m. Through fares : 33s. ist cl, 23s. 2nd cl. For steamers. 
see Tables ((U. Britain local steam lines). 

An islam 1 in the Enj^lish Channel, belonging to Great Britain, 70 m. S. of 
T^ortlaivl ( 1 )orstt.shirc), 30 m. \V. of the coast of Normandy, 18 m. S.W. 
Al'icrtK y, and 16 in. N.W. of Jersey; lat. 49*27' N., Ion. 2' 33'W. Pop. 29,Soa 
SlLipi-, triani^^ilar ; greatest length, 9 m. ; breadth, 3 m. ; area, l6,ocx> acrcf. 
'1 In- -iirtavf of the N. is level, with a low irregular line of coast, but the S. l»» 
more liiity. \aric<l with deej) gullies. The ge<il()gical formation is alnio>t entirely 
granitii-, and quarries of granite and gneiss are extensively worketl. 'ITierc are 
no nuta!> of any kind. The annual growth of wheat is estimated at 4,000 
<|uait'.r . .;n-l of barley 3,800 (juarters. Oats and rye are but little grown, but 
par-nil'-, Int-root, and potatoes are extensively cultivated. Melons figS 
j)t\'n.lR-. and «)rangcs, are abundant, ami the breeding of cattle is the most 
prufitaMi' l)ranch of farming. There is little trade ; the exports are cider, 
applo, l•olato«.-^, building stone, and wine ; the imports are wheat and flour. 
l^riti'^h manufactures, wines, sugar and coffee. There arc a few manufactures, 
but all on a very >mall scale. 

15anks (iui-msey Hanking Company, Joseph Collings, Esq., mang. ; Lon- 
don com sjiiin lont, II. Dobree and Sons, 6, Tokenhouse-yard. Commercial 
hanking ( \)nipany, Alfre<l Manses, Kstj., mang. ; Lon. cor., I»ndun anJ 
Wc-tmin-tcr Ibnk, 41, I/ithbury, E.C. 

Lloytl's Agent —John Jones, Es(|. 

I loirl Marshall's Royal Yacht Club. 

T. M.--1S. 



GUILDFORD.—Rail from I^ndon (Waterloo Station), 
7, 7.30, S.io, 9.45, and 11.30 a.m.; 12.45, 2.i5» 2.25, 4, 4.25, 
5, 6.10, 7, 8.20, and 9.30 p.m. Sundays, 9.30, 10.15 ^"^- • «? S» 
and 8.30 p.m. Fares : 6s. ist cl., 4s. 4d. 2nd cl., 2S. 6d. 3rd cl. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Surrey, on river Wey (an afiluent of 



Our Ocean Highways. 



the Thamts), 30! m. from I^ndon by S, VV, Ry. Pop. of pari, bor., 8,000. 
It hu a royal eramnutc sdiool, chartered by Kdward VI., and a bluc-coal 

Members of ParliamoH—C™»/y, Jiail, Hon. P. J. I.«cte KingfL). Lon- 
don residence, 38, Dover-street, W. : Chnrlei Buxlon, E«q. (L), London ns>i- 
dence, 7, Grosvcnor-CTCscent, Beloinve-iquare, S.W. And, Henry W, Fcefc, 
Esq. (C), London residence, Wimbledon House, S.W.; Sir Richard Itag. 
nllay (C), London residence, 35, Queen's-galc- place, W. IVat, George 
Cubilt, Esq. (C), London residence. 1 7, 1'rincaa-eiitc, W.; LeeSleere, Khq. (C), 
London residence, Grosvenot Hotel, S.W. ffitrvngi, J. H. Onslow, litq, JL), 
London residence, Refonn Club, S.W. 

Bank— l>andon and County Bank, A. J. Riowdl. Esq.. mang.; London 



GUYSBOROUGH.— For steamers, sec Halifax; thence 
by occasional steam communicalion. 

A port of British N. America [<lom. Conida, prov. Nova Scotb), lying U 
the head of Chedabuelo Bay, near the easlem exuemiljr of the pcnininta, itym. 
N.E. of HaUtax ; Ul 45' zj' N., Ion. fii" 33- W. 

Lloyd's Agent — Edmund Henry Franchctille, Esq. 

T. M.-jo,. 

HAARLEM, — Route from London, see Amsterdam ; 
thence by rail, or see Rotterdam ; thence by rail, viA the Hague, 

One o( the principal cities of the Netherlands, prov. N. Holland, on Ihc 
river Spaamc, which flows into the estuary of the ^ 4tf Ij)i >n arm of the 
Ziiyder Zee, 10 m. W. Amsterdam, on the railway froraRotlerdam to Amster- 
dam ; lat. 51° 13' N., Ion. 4° 3S' E. Pop. 31,000, which is much less Ihan 
larmcrly, Haarlem not keeping up its former importance, probably on account of 
the proiimily of Amsterd.im, It has manufactures of sitk, linen, and cotton 
fabrics velvets, ru{p, carpets, lace, ribbons, soap, and oil. 

llotel~The Crown. 

T. M.— 31^. 9.1. 

HACHA.— See RIO DE LA HACHA. 

HADDINGTON.— Route from London by Scotch mail 

trains, sec jiages lii to liv ; I,ondon and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), 
via Carlisle ; Ct. N. Ry. (King's Cross), wa York. 

A town and pari. I»r. of Scotland, co. Haddinpon, 16 m. E. t)y N. 
Edinbureb, on llio little river Tyne, and on a branch of the N. Brilkh Ry. 
I'op. 3,90 J. The princijial buililings are the town hall, the county buildingi, 
and a (lolhic pari>h church. 

-Members of Parliament— Cmin/y, l^rd Elcho (L), London residence, aj, 
St. Jaraes's-place, S.W. Btnvii:;h, Sir H. K. F. Davie, Bart. (L), London 
rciirlcncc, 4S, Wilt on -crescent, S.W. 

Bank -Commerci.d Hanit of Scotland, Messit. Wm. Dod and Sons, raanp. ; 
London correspondent, l«ndonand Westminster Bank, 2, Princu-street, E.C'. 




iq6 Our Occai: Highways. 



HAGUE, THE (French LA HAVE.)— Route from 
London by rail, fixed mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, 
Calais. Lille, Toumai, Ath, Enghein, Brussels, Antweq), Moerdyk, 
(by steamer on canal) Rotterdam ; thence by rail,or vid Rotterdam 

direct. 

A town of the Netherlands, prov. S. Holland, of which it is the cap., and 
usUiil residence of the king and court, on a branch of the canal and on the rail- 
way between l.eyden and Rotterdam, lom. S.W. the former, and i;? m. N.W. 
tlic latter city ; lat. 52" 4' N., Ion. 4° 18' E. Pop. 90,000. The Hague Ls an 
open town, being surroundctl only by a moat, crossed by drawbridges. It ha^; 
the usual features of a Dutch town ; its houses and pavements arc of brick, and 
several of its streets are intersected with canals and planted with rows of trees. 
Its appearance, however, is much superior to that of the commercial cities of 
Holland in general. The inhabitants mostly derive their subsistence from the 
court and goveniment establishments. The manufacture of p>orceIain and the 
printing of bouks, especially those in the French language, are almost the only 
branches of in-lustry. 

Clergyman (rrotestant) — Rev. Edward Brine, B.A. 

]*ank — Messrs. Scheusleu et fils, 34, .Spuir-straat ; London correspondent, 
the National Hank, 13, Old liroad-street, E.C. (Circular notes,) 

1 1" )tcl — I loiel de r Europe. 

T. M.— 3s. 9d. 

H AKODADI. — For steamers to Yokohama, see Tables. 

A town of Japan, on the W. shore of a'small peninsula on the S.W. coast of 
the i-land of Ve:^|||pjft. 41** 50' N., Ion. ^o** 48' E. Pop. 50^000. The 
ai)pep.rance on entering the harbour is striking and picturesque. The town 
stretches for 3 m. along the base of a lofty promontory, forming one long main 
street, with gutters on each side to carry off the sewage in well-constructed 
sewers to the sea. There are four Buddhist temples. The shops contain cooric 
cottons an<l silks, earthen and china ware, clothing, and cutlery. 

Consul (Hriti^h) — R. Eusden, Esq. 

,, (American) — Ambrose C. Dunn, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, N. E. Rice, Esq. 

HALBERSTADT.— Route from London by rail, fixed 
mail services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, vid Dover, Calais, Brussels, 
Cologne, Schoningen and Thale. 

A ti:>wn of N. Germany (Prussian Saxony), 32 m. S.W. of Magdeburr, 
and 107- m. in the same direction from Berlin ; lat. 51" 48' N., Ion. ii*2* t. 
Top. 25,000. It has manufactures of woollen cloths, gloves, carpets, &c. 

Hotel — Prince Eugene. 

T. M. — 6s. 

HALIFAX. — For steamers, see Tables. 

A maritime city of Brit. N. America (dom. Canada), situated upon the S.E* 
coast of Nova Scotia, of which it is the caj). ; lat. 44** 39' N., Ion. 63*35' ^^'* 
Pop. 30,000. It stands on the declivity of a hill about 250 ft. high, rising 
from tlie W. side of one of the finest harbours on the American continenL 
The :;trects arc broad, and mostly macadamized. The front of the town is lined 



Our Ocean Highways. 197 

by wharves. Wuclioiues rise over Ihe whurviM, ind dwellins houics and public 
^ildWs reat their heads over each other a* thcv drcteh t^^ and up ibc udei 
of the bill. The dockyani covers 14 tcrei, an<t lonu the chief depftt of naval 
sloresinlhe British N. Amerienn cobnie*. llUpeculuu'ly fitted for theshclter, 
Kpair, and outfit of the fleets cruUing on the Amehcan coa^t and in the W. 
Indies. The harbour, opposite the town, wheie ships usually anchor, i» a mile 
wide, and has, at medium tidea,^a depth of Iz falhoms. After narrowing to a 
quarter mile about I m. above the upuer end of the town, it expands into Bedford 
MMn. This sheet of water, which is completely landlocked, occupies a sur&ice 
of to sq. m., and is capable of containing the whole Briliih navy- Halifax i) 
the seat of a very pnrfiinble fishery and genera! trudc with the W, Indie*, the 
U. States, and Gl. Britain. Being a free port, it has the privilege of ware- 
housing. The local manu&cture'i ore not of much importance. Province 
Baitdi^, and Government House are the chief buildings. 

Postal — Letters to Nova Scotia, fid Halifax, not exceeding \ ol 3(1., I oi. 
6d.;registr. fee4d.; newspapers, 401, id. J^ United States, not exceeding 1 ox. 
4d.,loi.Sd.; r^istr. fee4d.; newtpapeisad. Moneyaidcrs Kre issued, which 
Are available. 

Consul (American) — M. M. Jackson, E*q. 

Vice Consul „ J. F. Phelon, Esq. 

Banks — Bank of British North America ; London oorre^KHidcnt, the Bank 
ot British North America, 114, Bishopsgate-street- within, ¥..C. Bank of Nova 
Scotia, president, the Hon. M. B. Alman, Esq. ; London correspondent, Messrs. 
Williams. Deacon, and Co., 20. BLrchin-lanc, E.C. Me.s-rs. Wm. Stains et 
fils; London correspondent, Messrs. Herries, Farquharand Co., 16, St. James's- 
street, H.W. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Cunard and Co. 

I lotel— Waverley's. 

■J-. M.— 30s. 

HALIFAX. — Rail from London (King's Cross), 7.40, 9, 10, 
and iz a.m.; 1.15, 2.45 and 5.25 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a.m.; 
5 p.m. Fares: 33s. gd. ist cl., 255. 3d. and cl., i6s. 3rd cl. 
(St. Pancrns), 6.15, 8, 10, 11.45 a.m.; 3,5, 8.35 p.m. Stindays, 
none. Fares as above. 

A manufacturing town of Encland, co. Vork, W. Riding, on the Calder, and 
on the Manchester and Leeds Ky,. 14 m. W.S.W. I^eeds, and 305 m. from 
London by Gt. N. Ry. Top. 37,000. Chief buiUings : the I'ieceliall, a vast 
nuadranglc, containing over 30a rooms or warehouses, in which the manu- 
locturcrs keep their doth for sale ; the parish church, to which 18 other 
churches and chapels are subordinate ; a blue-coat ho^ital, intinnar}', gaol, 
theatre, assembly rooms, public baths museum, and town hall. The town is 
nniteil by a canal with the Kochdale canal and the Calder and Hebbte navi- 
gation, ami has consequently communication with Hull and Liverpool. The 
manufactures consist of shalloons, tammies, serges, &c. 

Meml>eri of l^liament— Kt. Hon. James SUnsfeld (L), London residence, 
Stokc-lodge, Hyde-park-gate ; W. Edward Akroyd, Esq. (L), London resi- 
dence, 40, I Jiwndes- street, S.W. 

Itank— Halifax and Huddersfiekl Union Bank, Robert Edgar, Esq. mang. ; 
London torresirondent, Messrs, Uljn, Mills, Currie and Co., 67, LombMd- 
street, K.C. 

Hotel— The White Swan. 




19^ Our Occa7i Highways, 



HALLE.— -Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see [)agos Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, Cologne, Pader- 
born, Cassel, and Xordhausen. 

A town of Vms^ian Saxony, on tlic Saale, 93 m. S.S.W. Berlin, 65111. 
N.K. Ciothn, ami iS in. X.W. I.tip/.ii;, on tlic railway from I.cipzi{^tu Magde- 
Imrj^' ; lat. 51'29'N'.. Ion. ii' 59' K. J^oj). 49,00b. In a valley near the 
river arc two larj^t* sail >|)rinfjs which IVuincrly were extremely productive. TTie 
iinivtr^ity of Ilallc is cclcluate'l, ami resorted to mostly by candidates for iheo- 
lo«:;;ical ami mc<lical hommr^. There were at one time al)OUt 1,400 >tudcnK 
annually : now not more than half that number. 

Hotel - IIamburj;cr Hof ; Eiscnbalmer Ilof. 

T. M.-Os. 

HAM. — Route fn^n London, by rail, fixed mail services, sec 

pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Amiens (junc) 

A town of J'rance, (h'i». Somme, 15 m. S.S.E. of Peronne, and 6S m. 
N.N.K. of I'aris ; lat. 49' 54' N., Ion. 3' 4' K. Pop. 2,700. Its citadel i«> 
umc'I as a state prJM.n, an«l was for a time the rcMdence, as such, ofthccx- 
ICm|)t'roi Napoleon III., after hi>> abortive attempt at insurrection in 1S40. 

Hotel -De France, 

'W M. --3s. 4d. 

HAMBURG. — Route from I^ondon by rail, fixed mail 
.services, sec i)a^cs Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, 
Cologne, Hanover, and liaarburg; thence by steamer across the 
Kibe ; passage half an hour, l-'or steamers, see Tables. 

.•\ free city of \. (lermany, on the r. bank of the Kibe, about 70 m. from 
I:.^ nioiuli : lat. 53' 32' 51 " N., Ion. 9" 5S' 33" K. Pop., including suburbs, 
225,000. of whom more than 10,000 are Jews. Since the great hre, which 
tominenccd on 5th May, 1S42, ami in four days destroyed .St. Peter's St 
Nicholas'.s, and many other churches, and 200 streets, squares, lanes, and 
coiirt'^, leavini; 20,000 of the inhabitants houseless for a week, the central part 
of the city has been rebuilt on a mapiificent scale. The finest |">arls of the town 
are the Alter anil Neuer bmtjlVrnstiej^er, facing the basin of the AUter. The 
church of St. Michael, which first strikes the passenger coming up the river by 
steamer, is a magnificent structure, the steeple l)eing 456 ft. high, and afford* 
inj; in line weather a panoramic view of the city, the harbour, and the counc 
of the Elbe, which is about as wide here as the Thames at lA)ndon-bndge. 
The St. Nicholas church, the rebuilding of which was commenced a few ycar> 
after the fire (Mr. (1. (lillwrt Scott, architect), is not yet quite finished. It i> 
a fine specimen of pure (Gothic architecture. The Stadt Theater has alwaj.< 
had a great name for the sui)eriorily of its performances, both dramatic and 
opera. It acronuxlates 4,000 perscms. The Kxchange is (me of the finest in 
thf» world. The merchants daily resort to it ^/i ///(/jj^ at one o'clock. The 
Allj;emeine Krankenliaus is an extensive general hospital for between 4,000 
and 5,000 i>alient>. The senate house, the bank, the college of the Johanneum, 
public library, nuiseum, ob.servatory, botanic garden, &c., are among the 
prominent public in<^titutions. The old ramparts have been converted into 
beautiful sha<levl pn^nenades ; the moat surroumling the city on all but the 
»^iver side. The zoological ganlens, establisheil since 1862, are amongst the 
finest in Lurope. The manufactures comprise sugar refineries, tar, tobacco, and 



Our Ocean Highways. 



(■il dolh ractories, breweiieii, distilleries, liiTmeries, colton printing, and dyeing 
works. &c,, &c. Tlie foreign tnde of (lambui^ is essentiallj' one of (ransil, 
CWisiiling of such articles as are brought hither from the interior for shipment 
to foreign ports, and of (he good& importcU here from all parts of the world for 
Germany and the countries beyond. The eiport duly having been aholithed, 
DO oflicinl account is kepi of them. Thcimpotls haie nn annnaJ vdue of sbout 
SoD.ooo.ooo mark banco, or about j£6o,ooo,ooo, ot which two-lhirds ate 
&om Gl. Britain. More than half a million hciul of cattle are brought by rail 
to Hamburg fnam the interior, and arc r^ularly sent to our ports by sleamets. 

Postal— Letters from England to Hamburg, vii Itelgium, not eiceedinj 
i oi. jd., I oi. 6d. 1 r^str. fee 4d. ; newspapers, 4 ta. arf. Monejr orders are 
iuued, which arc available. 

Money — ^llie sovereign is irorth iS mark currency in Ilambur?. The 
Pnissian dollar (silver or pa^t) = 3s. : the mark courant has 16 sdiillinge = 
la, ^. ; the Louis or Frcdenck's d'oi (mstolc) ~ ita. id. Commerdal tisns- 
actions are carried on in banco value, which is much higher than cuncncy ; for 
iostance, the sovci«Dn is equd to abont 1 3 mark S sch. hnneo. 

Weights, &c.~Tbe foot = t l^V inches : 100 elbi = 62-^ yudii ; a schefTel 
- t acre 6 perches ; a last = l^J,, last. The viertel = t,t eallon. The 
PC**^""^ = 'ijn pound avoirdupDis ; % marks = 1 pound troy weight. 

Consul (firilish) — George Annesley, Esq. 
„ (American) — E. Robinson, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, James K. McDonald. Esq. 

Cleigyman (Protcslanl)— Re^' C. F. Wcidemano, RA. 

Banlu — NorddeulM^he Bank; London correspondent, the National Bonk, 
IJ. Old Broad -street, E.C. (CirCHlaruBlrs.) Mrssts.j. Ben.-nl«ie, Co'j^let 
amd Co. ; Iajh. cor., the Union Bank, 2, PrinCM-street, E.C, (Circular nff//i.) 
Messrs. II. C. Schmidt and Co. ;Lon. cor., the Continental Bank, 79, Lombard- 
atnet, E.C. ( Circular nutts). 

Lloyd's Agent— Messrs. w. A. Leaser and Cc. 

Hotels— St rcil's ; del'Europc; Victoria. 

T. M.— 6s. 

HAMILTON.— For steamers, see Quebec; thence by rail. 

A town and lake-uort of Canada, prov. Ontario, on S, shore of Burlington 
Bay, an inlet at the head of Lake Ontario, 38 m. S.W. of Toronto, and 257 m. 
S.W. of Ottawa ; lal, 43° 17' N., Ion. 8o° o' W, Pop. lO.OOO. 

Consul (American)— F. N. Blake, Esq. 

Banks — Bank of .Montreal ; London correspondent, the Union Bank. ;, 
Princes. street, E.C. Bank of British North America (Branch), London cor- 
respondent, Bank of British North America, IJ4, Bishopsgale-streel- within, 
E.C. 

Lloyd's .\gent — James S ton us Garrett, Esq. 

T. M.— 30s. 

HAMM. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
see pages Iv to Ixxii, viii Calais, Bnissels, Cologne. 

'■• ■ " — phaiia, situated in 

ter, and 64 m. N 
It is on the direct line of n 




200 Our Ocean Highways, 



HAMMERFEST. — Route from London, see Bergen ; 
thence by occasional steam communication during the season. 

A sca-pDrt town of Nonvay, the most northerly in the world, situated on 
the island of Ilvaloe (one of the numerous islands that lie immeiliately adjacent 
to tlic western coast of that countrj-), 730 m. N. E. of Drontheim, and less than 
60 m. distant from the North Cape of Europe ; lat. 70" 40' N., Ion. 23* 40' E. 
Its inhabitants, about 500 in number, carry on an active trade in connectioii 
with the fisheries of the adjacent waters, and are visited by numerous vessels 
(luring the season of navigation in those latitudes. Though lying so far within 
the Arctic circle, the winter of Ilammerfest is comparatively mild, the mean 
temperature of January (the coldest month) being 23" Fahr. — i.e, 9* below the 
freezing point — and that of tlic year 43**. The harbour is spacious and secure. 

T. M.— 6s. 

HAMPTON.— Rail from London (Waterloo Station) nearly 
every hour. Fares: 2s. 3d. ist cl., is. pd. 2nd cl., is. 2d. 3rd cL 

A village of England, co. Middlesex, on the N. bank of the Thames, 12 m. 
W.S.W. of London, and 3 m. W. by N. of Kingston, on the L. & .S. W. Ry. 
Top. 5,300. About a mile distant, and close to the river, lies Hampton Court 
(see I^ondon.) 

Hotel (Hampton Court). — King's Arms, J. Luce, proprietor. 

HANKOW. — For steamers, see Shanghai, thence by local 

steam line three times weekly. 

A town and river-port of China, at the junction of the Han with the Yang- 
Isze-kiang, 640 m. above Nanking; lat. 30^ 32' N., Ion. 114* 20' E. Pop. 
(ashore and afloat) 500,000. The town extends 2\ m. along the river, which 
is here \\ m. \\ide. The main streets arc wide, and the shops display a valu- 
able assortment of merchandise. The native trade of Hankow is very consider- 
able, it being famous for its manufactures in metal. There are cotton manu- 
factures and dye works, and British cloths and manufactures find a ready 
market. TIic British concession at Hankow covers an area of about 90 acres. 
The foreign trade of this port promises to be one of the most important in 
China. The total export of tea during the year 1868 amounted to 35,000, ooolbs. 
The total imports for the same year amounted to 10,000,000 tacls, the prin- 
cipal article^ being shirtings, sugar, cotton, cloths, &c. 

Consul (Hritivli) — \V. II. Medhurst, Esq. 
,, (American) — R. M. Johnson, Esq. 

Banks — Hong-kong and Shanghai Banking Co. (Branch), H. Cope, Esq., 
niang. ; London correspondent, the Hong-kong and Shangliai Banking Ca, 
32, Nicholas-lane, E.C. Chartcretl Bank of India, Australia, and China 
(Hrancli) ; Lon. cor.. Chartered Bank of India, Australia, and China, Hattoo- 
court, Threadneedle-street, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Shaw, Ripley, and Co. 

T. M. :■/«; Kiachta (which see)— Ii2s. 6s. 



HANOVER. — Route from London by raU, fixed mail 
services, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Brussels, and 
Cologne. 

A city of Prussian Germany, prov. Hanover (formerly the cap. of kingdom 



Our Ocean Highways. 



of Ihac name), on the Leine, 84 td. -S. Hamburg, 62 m. S.E. Bremen, and 
35 m. W. IlniQswick, on the railivay fmm Brunswick la Biemen ; lat. 51° 33' 
N., Ton. 9° 44' E. Pop. 74,000. The city lies in a plain, and is divided by 
the river into the old and new Iowti. The chief buildings are the royal palace 
of the ex-kiiu;, the opera house, the town hall, and sevetal educational esub- 
lishmcnl.s. The manufactures are trifling ; but the transit trade with Bremen, 
Hamburg, and Berlin is considerable. 

Bonkii — Meurt. L. and A. H. Cohen ; London corr^pondent, Ihc National 
Bank, 13, Old Broad-street, E.G. (CiraUar nolo.) The Bank of Hanover ; 
I»n, cor. the Union Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.C. (Circular rata.) 

Hotels— The Union ; The Royal, 

T. M.— 6*. 

HANTS.— For comity members, see WINCHESTER, 

HAPA RAN DA.— Route from London, see Stockholm; 
thence by local steam line during the summer months. 

A port of Sweden, at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia, immediately adjacent 

to the Russian frontier, uid only divided by the river Toroea (lit tbe mouth 
of which it lies) from the mljnccnl Russian town of Tornea ; lit. 65* 50' N,, 
Ion. 24' o' 1;. I'op. under 2,000. 

HAPSAL, or HABSAL.— Route from London, see St 
Petersburg ; thence by local steam line (St Petersburg and Riga 
S. S. Co.) 

A sea-port town of European Russia, gov. Esthonia, on the Baltic, 55 m. 
S.W. cfKevel, andi6sm. W. by S. of Kt. Petersburg; Ut. iV lils.. Ion. 
23° 30' E. Top. 2,400. 

T. M.-ios, 

HARBOUR GRACE.— For steamers, see Quebec ; thence 
by local steam and sailing communication. 

A mirilime village and port of Newfoundland, on \V. side of Conceplion 
Bay, 16 m. \V. by N. of St. John's ; lal. 47° 4a' N., Ion. 53* 11' W. 

T. M.— 30s, 

HARBURG. — Route from London, see Hamburg; thence 
by local steamers, which run every hour. 

A port of Prussian Geimany, prov, Hanover, on the I. bank of the Elbe, 
23 m S. W. Luncbuig, and terminus of the railway from Hanover to IlarbuiE, 
Pop. 14,000. It lies nearly opposite Hamburg, and is rising rapidly m 
commercial importance, '["he Prussian Government proposes building a bridge 
here across the Elbe, so as to have direct railway communication with 
liamburc. As it is, Harbuig is a great port for transiL 

Hotel— The Schwan. 

T. M.— 6s. 

HARLINGEN.— Route from London, see Rottetdam ; 

thence by rail vi& Groningeo and Leeuwarden. 




202 Our Ocean Hig/tways, 



A sea-port of tlic Netherlands, prov. Friesland, on the coast of the Znyder 
Zee, opposite the Texel, and at the mouth of the canal of Lceuwarrlen, 15 in. 
\V. by S. that town, at the terminus of the Northern Ry. of Holland ; lat. 53* 
10' N., Ion. 5^ 24' \i. I'op. 10,000. It has a good harbour, but large vessels 
cannot enter ow account of sandbanks. It has manufactures of sailcloth, salt, 
hoIl.in(is, paper, bricks, and lime, with building docks, and a brisk trade in 
corn, butter, clieesc, flax, hemp, glue, pitch and tar. 

Vice Consul (Britisli) — (j. 11. Fontain, Esq. 

Lloyd\ Agent — Dirk Fontain, Ks<j. 

Hotel — Krone. 

T. M. — 3>. 9d. 

HARROGATE. - Rail from I^ndon (King's Cross). 
7.40, 10, and 12 a.m. ; 2.45, 5.25 p.m. Sundays, 8.30 and 10 a.m. 
Fares: 35s. ist cl, 26s. 6d. 2nd cl., i6s. 6d. 3rd cl. (St. 
Pancras), 6.15, 8, 8.45, 10, and 11.45 a.m.; 3 and 8.35 p.m. 
Sundays, 7.30 a.m. and S.35 p.m. Fares as above. 

A town an«l inland watering-place of England, co. York (W. Riding), 
situated on an elevated tract of open moorland, not far from the S. bank of the 
river Nidd, 3 m. S.W. of Knare^borough, and 17 m. W. by N. of York ; lat. 
53" 59' ^•' ^^"1- ^" 3^' ^ ' Vo\). 4,700, which number, however, becomes 
vastly increased during the season (May to October), when visitors resort 
thither. atlraete<l by tlie efficacy of its mineral waters — some of them sulphureous, 
olliers chalybeate — as well as by its dry and healthy air. It has increased 
greatly within a recent i>ericKl, and has all the usual appurtenances of a fashion- 
al;le watering-place. 

liatik Messrs. Harrison and Co. ; London correspondent, Messrs. Willis, 
Percival and Co., 46 Lombard -street, E.C 

Hotel The (.icorge. 

HARTLEPOOL. — Rail from London (Kings Cross), 
7.40, 9 and 12 a.m.; 5.25 and 9.15p.m. Sundays, none. Fares: 
43s. lod., 33s. 4d., 23s. 7d. For steamers, sec Tables (Gt. Britain 
local steam lines). 

A sea-port and pari. bor. on the N.E. coast of England, co. Durham, 
250} m. from London by the Gt. N. and N.E. Rys. ; lat. 54* 4' N., Ioxl 
i" 10' \V. Top. 12,200. The town stands on a peninsula, which advances 
into tlie Nortli Sea, and adjoining which is a large bay, affording cxceHcnt 
slielter for sjiips durinj; northerly and westerly gales. The harlx>ur i.s formed 
by a channel whicli is indicateil by buoys, within the piers and jetties 
formed to protect shij^ping in the harbour from the effects of the sea. 
There is also a large dock, used for the shipment of coal and the importation 
of tiniber, Ac. The ancient church of St. Hilda (lately rcstore<l) stands on a 
conspicuous eminence. The Heugh lighthouse is a mar\'el of cngineerii^ ; 
a white stationary light of the first order is visible at a distance of 20 m. from 
suiKet til! sunrise. A minor light is also exhibited when it is safe for vessels to 
enter the harbour. The new town and port of West Hartlepool has sprung 
u[) durini; the pa>.t 20 years, and is situate about a mile to the S. of Hartlepool. 
It has large and commodious docks, magnificent warehouses, and spacious 
timber-ponds Immense quantities of timber, grain, flax, hemp, cattlei and 
other mercliandise are imported, chiefly from the lialtic and America. The 
exports of these two ports arc coal and iron. Of the former, upwards of a 



Our Ocean Highways. 



inillian tons are erportcd annnaJly ; of Ihe latter, considerable quanlilies ire 
manufaclured in Ihc dL'riricl, Here are large ironworks, engine mann- 
rBGloric!^, iroD-rolling mill;, and ship-building csUblishrnmts. 1 he number 
of ships entering at Wesl Hartlepool in 1S69 was 4.008 ; the shipmcnis af 
coal in<l coke amounted to 791.4S1 tons, and of inerchiiiidise to 76,55s tons. 
The declared value of exports was ,£1,413,000 sterling. 

Member of Parliament — Ralph Ward Jockwn, Esq. (C), London residence, 
at, Ryder-street, St. James's, S.W. 

Banks — National Provincial Bank of England, Wm. Homer, Esq., mang. ; 
London correspondent. National Provincial Bank of England, Blbhopigale- 
-strect, K.C. Messrs. J. Backhouse and Co. ; Lon, cor., Messrs. Barclay, 
Bevan, TrLiton, Twelli, and Co., 54 Lombard-slteet, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— Mr»f!. Robert Irvine and Co. 

Hotel at West Hartlepool— The Royal. 

HARWICH.— Rail from Tendon (Biahopsgatc Street), 
7-35. 9"S. lO' and 11.45 a-m- ; 3-35. 4-aS and 8.30 p.ra. Sun- 
days, 7.15 a.m.; 2.45, 8.30 p.m. Fores : 14s. 6d. ist d., iis. id. 
2*!d d., 8s. od. jrd d. (For steamers, see Tables). 

A sta.porl of England, co. Essex, on .ipoinl of land at ihc .S.E, extremity 
of ihe estuary of the Stour, 69! m. E.N.E. London, 9i ro. S.E. Ipswich, on 
the Gt. E. Ry,; lat. 51* 51' N., Ion. 1* 17" E. Pop. 5,000. ItsWbour is 
one of the best on the £, coast of England, with water sufficient to float the 
largest men-of-war : its entrance is indicated by two lighthouses with 
fiit-d lights, and is well buoyed. The steam communication established 
by the Gl. K. Ry. Co. between TIarwich and Rotterdam is contributing 
greatly to the prosperity of the town. 1.337 vessels, of 317,378 tons 
burden, entered and cleared the port during the ycir 1S69. 

Member of Pariiamenl— Lfeut, -Col. H. J. W. Jervis (C). London 
residence. Naval and Military Club, W. 

Bank — Messrs. Cox, Coblrald and Co. ; London corre^ondent, Messrs. 
Williams. Deacon and Co., 30, Birchin-lane, E.C. 

Lloyd's Agent— Oliver John Williams, Esq. 

Hotel— Great Eastern. 

HARZ MOUNTAINS.— Route from London, see Harz- 

burg ; thence by carriage. 

A grou]i of N. Germany, a portion of the high grounds which divide (he 
basins of Ihc Elbe and Weser, falling chiefly within tbe kingdom of I'russia 
(prov, Hanover and Saiony) and the adjacent duchy of Brunswick. The 
highest >ummil of the Harz — the famous Brocken, 3,721 feet — is in lat. 
51" 48' N.. lon. 10° 36' 1'^ The whole extent of the group is about Go m. in 
the direction of E. and W., and zo m. in that of N. and ^. It is a region of 
rich mineral contents— lead, copper, iron, &c. 

HARZBURG. — Route from London, see Brunswick ; thence 
'.ia WolfLnbuttel (June.) See Neustadt-Harzburg. 

Holcl-IkUe Vne. 
T. M.-Gs. 

HASTINGS. — Rail from London (Charing Cross), 6.25, 




204 Our Ocean Highways. 



8.55, 1 1. 15, and 11.45 a.m.; 1.35,3,4,5,6.15 p.m. Sundays, 7.50, 
and 9 a.m.; 6.40 p.m. Fares: 14s. 6d. ist cL, los. 6d. 2nd cL, 
6s. 4d. 3rd cl. ; also a route rid Ashford, fare as above. (Vic- 
toria), 5.45, 9.50, and 11.50 a.m. ; 2, 3.10, 4, and 6.30 p.m. 
Sundays, 6.50 a. m. ; 6.20 p.m. Fares as above. 

A town ami }^arl. bor. of England, and one of the cinque ports, co. Sussex, 
on the Knglish Channel, at the K. termination of the S. C. Ry., 33 m. E.N'.E. 
lirighton ;lat. 50** 51' 30" N., Ion. o' 36' II. Pop. 22,Soo. The chief buildings 
are the town hall and the custom house ; there are also extensive l)aths, well- 
assorted libraries, a handsome assembly room, a theatre, a literary institution, 
and a savings' bank. The suburbs are very beautiful, funiishing delightful drives 
and walks. Connected with Hastings, and forming its suburb, is St. l^conanls, 
(which see.) 

Mcml)ers of Parliament — Thomas Brassey, Ksq. (L), Ix)ndon residence, 
3, St. Georgc's-place, Hyde-park, ^V. ; W. J. K. Shuttleworth, Es^j. (L), 
lx>ndon residence, 18, Herkeley-scjuare, W. 

lUnk — J.onilon and County Bank, J. (j. O'Neill, Esq., mang. ; London 
correspondent, London and County Bank, 21, Lombard -street, E.(^ 

Hotel- The (Queen's (Company limite<l.) 

HAVANNAH. — For steamers, see Tables. 

Havannah (Span. Ilabana^ * the harbour*), an important maritime city, and 
cap. uf the i>land of Cuba, belonging to Spain. It stands on the K.W*. coast 
of the island, and on the W. side of one of the finest harbours in the world ; 
]at. 23^ 8' N., Ion. 82** 23' W. Pop. 197,000. The city lies along the entrance 
to and on the W. side of the bay ; the suburb Regla is on the opposite side. 
The castles on the E. and W. side of the entrance of the harbour arc strongly 
fortified, as is the entire city ; the citadel is also a fortress of great strength. 
The arsenal and dockyard are at the extremity of the city ; there are se\'eral 
theatres, a university, and numerous government buildings. The principal 
nations of Europe and America have consuls here ; it luis an extensive manu- 
factory of cigars, for which it is widely celebrated. Sugar, coffee, molasseSi 
wa.x. and mm are likewise largely cxporte<l. 

Postal — Letters to Cuba by British packet, not exceetling \ oz. is., i oz. 2$; 
regislr. fee 4d.; newspapers id. Via French packet, not exceeding i 02. is.; 
I o/. 2s. ; registr. fee none ; newspapers, 4 oz. 2d. ; z'id United States, not cx« 
ceetling ^ oz. is., I oz. 2s.; regi;»lr. fee 4d.; newspapers, 4 oz. 2d, Money 
orders are issued, which are available. 

Consul (.ieneral (British) — Alex. G. Dunlop, Esq. 

\' ice Consul ,, J. V. Crawford, Es<i. 

Consul General (American) — Thos. Biddle, Esq, 

\'ice Consul ,, Henry C. Hall, Es^i. 

Banks — Mess. ScherfenbergTalmiand Co.; London correspondent, Messrs. 
Herrics, Fanjuhar and Co., 16, St. Jamcs's-street, S.W. Messrs. Wade, Bell 
and Co. (Agency); Lon. cor.. Colonial Bank, 13, Bishopsgate*strcct-wilhin( 
E.C. 

Floyd's Agent — ^Jose Antonio Fcsser, Esq. 

T. M.— 75s. 

HAVERFORDWEST.— Rail from London (Paddington), 



Our Ocean Highways. 



6 and 9.15 a.m.; 4.50, 8,io,and 9 p.m. Sundays, 10a.m. j S.io, 
andgp.m. Fares: 46s.6d. islcl., 34s. lod, zndcl., 21s. 9d.3rdcl. 

A lown and rarl. bor. of S. Walet, co. Pembroke, 275! m. from London 
by Gl. W. Ry. Pop. of pari, bor., 7,000, 

Members of Pftrliaineilt — Cvuitty Paa^ivie, John 11. .Scourfidd, Esq. (C), 
London residence. Boodle's Clllb^ S.W. Borough, Thomas Meyrick, Esq. (C^ 
London residence, Wyndhun Club, S.W. 

Bank — IMcann. J. and W. Wallen, John Lewi.s, Elsq., mang. ; I.oin!oii 
corresponitcnt, Mc^rs. Barclay, Bevan, aiid Co., 54, Lombard-street, E.C 

How!— The Castle. 

HAVRE. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail services, 
sec pages Iv to Ixxii, viA Dover, Calais, Amiens, and Rouen, For 

Steamers, see Tables. 

A fonilied town and port on the \V. coaal of France, dep. Seine Inferieur^ 
on the N. bank of the estuaiy of the !^eine, at its mouth in the English Channel, 
43 m. W. Kouen nnd log m. W.N.W. Farix, on the teiminai of the Paris 
Kouen-Havie Ky. ; lat. 49* 39' N., Ion. 0° 9' E. Pop. 75,000. Havre presents 
nothing remarkable in its external appearance. Improvements are bebg made 
and in contemplation ; amongst ihem a new floaling basin, with thice diy 
docks ; an exchange and bourse, &c. 1 a large barrack, to hold 3,000 men, is 
completed, and many streets are )>Nng opened or widened. The British 
residents, who are numerou.<;, are about to erect a church for themselves. The 
direct importation of cotton from India by British ships is annually rising in 
importance. In 1869, 41 English vessels, with 128,707 bales of cotton, 
entered the port of Havre, against 8 vessels of 5,400 tons, in 1S66. The total 
entry of shipping during 1869 comprised 5,713 vessels, of 1,323,386 tons. The 
passenger steamers carry large quantities of goods, jewellery, for transhipment 
to all parts of the world, liesides immense supplies of fruit, vegetables, poultry, 
eggs, butter, &c. 

Consul (British)— Frederick Beroal, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, J. S. Rowell, Esij. 

Consul (American) — S, L. Gla^ow, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, J. Hunt. Esq. 

Cle^man (Protestant)— Rev. John Hempsled, M.A. 

Banks — Messrs. Philippe Devot et Cie. ; London correspondent, the National 
Bank, 13, 01(1 Broad-street, E.C, (Cinular notet.) Messrs. Holtinguer et 
Cic. ; Lon. eor., Messrs. Baring Brothels and Co., 8, Bishop^te-street* 
within, E-C. ( Circularnples. ) 

Lloyd's Agent— Edward Andreae, Esq. 

Hotels— IV I ' Europe ; Tortoni's. 

T. M— 3s. 4d. 

HAWICK, — Route from London by Scotch mail trains, see 
pages Hi to liv, L. and N. W. Ry. (Euston Square), vi& Carlisle ; 
Gt. N. Ry. (King's Cross), viA York. 

A town and part. bor. of Scotland, co. Roxburgh, 4J m. S.E. Edinburgh, 
on the Edinb. and Carlisle Ry., lat. 55° 35' N., Ion. a' 47* W, Pop. 8,100. 

Member of rarlianient — George U. Trevelyan, Esq. (L), London residence. 




2o6 Our Ocean Iltghivays, 



Bank Commercial Bank of Scotland, Messrs. (leorgc and James Oliver, 
man^s. ; London corre>pon(lcnt, London and Westminster Uaiik, 41, Loth- 
bury, K.C. 

HAYLE. — Rail from London to Redruth ; thence by W. 
Cornwall Ry. (Paddington), 9.15 and 11.45 ^-ii^- ; 8.10 and 9 
j).m. Sundays, 8.10 and 9 p.m. Fares : 60s. ist cl., 42s. 2nd cl., 

22s. 3rd cl. 

A st.'a-]>(;rt of ICngland, co. Cornwall, on W. side of the county, and on 
St. \\K> Ikiv, 58 m. S.W. .)f IMymoulh ; lat. 50° ll' N., Ion. 5' 25' \V. 
J'op. i.ixo. J I has a tidal harlx)ur and two lighthouses. An active trade 
is carried on here, and it is connccletl with Retlruth by rail. It has two 
large irv)ii loiindrics and steam engine factories. 1,649 vessels, of 187,826 
tf)ns Imrdcn, ciitcr<.-d anil clcarctl the port during the year 1S69. 

li.iiik ^Ie-^rs. llaliiho. Sons and Co.; London correspondent, Messrs. 
Ram-vuii, IJoiivi rie and C!o., I, Pall Mall, .S.W. 

Hold -Wliite Hart. 

HAYTL— Sec PORT-AU-PRINCE. 

HEIDELBERG.— Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
scrvico, sec pages Iv to Ixxii, z//<z Dover, Calais, IJnissels, Cologne, 
and Mayence. 

A lovii .i:id univLTsjiy of S. (iermany, grand duchy of Raden, on 
the \ .1.1', rl'uiii 12 1:1. above its confluence with the Rhine at Mannheim, 
30 m. \. ( .i:l ijhe, and 48 m. S. Frankf«)rt-on-the-.Main, on the railwav from 
VrauiJ. ;: n i;.i>le ; lai. 49 24' N , Ion. S42'l-:. Top. 18,300. Ileid'ellKP,; 
ha-. II) 1 :..!<" <•! imj)«)rt.nice. The univcr«.ily is, except Prague, the oldc^-t ir 
(ierm.Li.y. iti-l Nout Soo students re>orl there annually. Steamers ascend the 
Ncck.ir 'i.uiy I.) lU-ill>n)nn. 

( ':■■! ;viii.;:i 1 Prole^l.ml) — Kcv. |. H. IIcMlgo, 15. A. 

P.riK Ml . i>. Knshrs el C'ie. , I20, Westliche Ilauptstra.sse, near t hi* 
Uiiivc. r~i:\-~.ii:.i!e ; London correspondent, the National Dank, 13, Old Uroa-.i- 
strctl, K.< . ( CimiLir notes. ) 

llor.-!^ I '( Ii<.)Ilanfle ; PrinzCarl, 

T. M. N~. 

HEILBRONN. — Route from London, sec Stuttgart; thence 

l>v rail, rvi/ Uietiirheim. 

A I '\\:i <>( S. (Iermany, kingd. Wiirtemberg, on r. hank of river Neckjr, 
2p m. N. m1 >t;at::arl, and 72 ni. S.S.K. of Frank fort -on-t he- M ain ; lat. 49* 
«S N.. l'»!i. o 14' 10. Pop. 16.700. 

\Uw\ ■ lal'-.e. 

T. M. ^-. 

H ELDER. - Route from London by rail, fi.xed mail services, 
see i):i.-;es Iv to Ix.xii, rid Dover, Calais, Courtray, Antwerp, Rotter- 
dam, and Haarlem ; also by steamer from Harwich to Rotterdam ; 

thence l)y rail, via the Hague. 



Our OceoH Highways. 



A port of the NelberlandE, prov. N. Holluid, at its N. extremity, 41 m. 
N.W, Am^IcnUm, with which it ii ciHinecled by aiai and rait ; laL 5a* 57' 
N., Ion. 4° 45' E. Fop. 19,400. 

Vice Consul (British) — J. GoMcoon, Esa. 

T. M.-35. 9d. 

HELIGOLAND, or HELGOLAND For steamers, 

see Hamburg ; thence by local steamers (daily during the summer 

A srosJi island lielonfpne to Gt. Britain, abont 3J m, from Ihc months of 
the rivers Kibe and Weser ; Tat. 54" lO' N., Ion. ;' ej'E. Pop. 2,170. The 
inlishllaniK arc cbicfl)' piluls, and fishennen soiline daily with their calchet I0 
Hamburg, ll is mudi mortcd to from Hambur^for Ma-bathing. Hdigoliuid 
wai acquired Trom Dcnmuk in 1S07. Ixs area is little more tbu a Uih oi n 
square mile [about 140 acres). 

Lloyd's Agent.— John Coltlob Bufe, Esq. 

T. M.— to. 

HELSINGBORG.— For Steamers, see Copenhagen; thence 
by local stt;am line (twice daily), sec Tables. 

A forllfn^l SLM-porl in Ihc S, of Sweden, 33 m. N.N.W. Malmo, on tlic 
Soun,l, ojip-Hilc Klsiiitur ; bt. 56°4'N.. Ion. 11° 49' E. I'op. 7,500. 1 1 lias 
some manufaclureii of hardware snd earthenware. 

Vice Consul (British)— Cart Weslrup, Esq. 

Itink — .Sk.ini-i Enikilila Bank; London correspondenl, the Union Bank, 
2, I'rince'^-'trofl. E.G. ( Cirfularnolfs, i 

l.loycl's Agcnl — Viktor Kronhauser, Esq. 

T. M,-7s. 

HELSINGFORS.— Route from Jjindon, see Copenhagen 
or Stockholm ; thence by local steam lines, see Tables. 

A sea-purl of Russia and cap. of Finland, situated on the N. <ii(Ie 
iif 1I1C (^uir of [''inland, upon one of (lie many granitic peninsulas which 
.iJvsnteinMiHiiater., 185 m. W. by N. of St. PelersbuTy ; lat. 60" II' N., 
Ion, 24' 5;' E. I'o]). 23,500. The harbour admits the iirgest vessels ; it is 
defended liv ilic citadel of Swcaliorg. 

< un-ul'lHriti-h)— W. ('.impbcll, Emj. 

Consul (AmenCLin)— K. Frcncken. Esq. 

Lloyii's .AcL-iil — .Messrs. II. Borgstrom and Co. 

T. M.— 10- 

HELSTON.— Rail from LontJon (Paddinglon), to Falmouth, 
9.15 ami 1 1.45 a.m. ; 8.10 p.m. ; Sundays, 8.10 p.m. Fares : 
60s. 6(!. ist < I., 42s. sd. and cl., aas. 3rd cl. ; thence to Helslon. 

A town and pari. lur. of England, co. Cornwall, tituatei] on the riier 
Cobre, .ilKive its entrance into Mounts Bay, lO m, W.S.W. Falmouth, and 
322 m. from London. I'op. of pari. bor. 8,500 ; of town, 3,800. 

.Memlwr of Parliament— Adolphu* W. Voung, Esq. (L), London residence, 
14, I'all Mali, .S.W. 




2o8 Our Ocean Highways. 



' Bank — Devon aixl Cornwall Banking Company (Branch) ; London cor- 
i^espondenU Messrs. Barclay, BcvanandCo., 54, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— The Angel. 

HEPPENS. — Route from London, see Oldenburg ; thence 

by rail, 7'/d Rastede, Jaderberg, and Varel. 

A recently formed port and naval arsenal of N. Germany, kingd. Prussia, on 
the North Sea, upon W. side of the entrance of the Jade, within a tract 
olttained by purchase from Oldenburg, in 1853: lat. 53** 31' N., !on. y S' E. 
Wilhelmshafen, three-cpiarters of a mile to the eastward of Heppens, is more 
strictly the name of the newly-CNtablished port, which includes a dockyard, 
accessible to vc»cls drawing 26 ft. of water. The entrance of the harbour is 
protected by piers 126 yards long. The inner harbour has three dry docks 
and two slips for the constniction of iron vessels. The works, however, arc 
not yet complete, though in active progress. 

T. M. — 6s. 

HEREFORD.— Rail from London (Paddington) 6, 9, 10.15 
and 11.45 ^•"^- > 4-5^ P*"^- Sundays, 10 a.m. Fares : 25s. 6(1 
ist cl., 19s. 3cl. 2nd cl., I2S. 3rd. cl. (Euston Square), rvVI Shrews- 
bury. Fares as above. 

A cathedral city and pari. l)or. of England, co. Hereford, on river Wye, 
I44i m. from London by Gt. W. Ry. Pop. of pari. bor. 15,580. In the 
library attached to the catheilral is a curious map of the world of the 13th 
century. 

Members of Parliament — County^ Sir Herbert G. D. Croft, Bart. (Q, 
London residence, Oxford and Cambridge Club, S.W ; Sir Joseph R. Bailey, 
Bart. (C), London resilience, Carlton Club, S.W. ; Michael Biddulph, Esq. 
(L), London residence, 31, Eaton-place, S.W. Borough^ Chandos Wren 
Ho.-.kyns, Esq. (L), London address. Athenaeum Club, S.W. ; Major George 
Arbuthnot (C), London rcsideivcc, 117, Sloane-strect, S.W. 

Bank — National Provincial Bank of England, John A. F. Suter, Esq., 
mang. ; London correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 12, 
Bishopsgate-street -within, E. C. 

Hotel — The Green Dragon. 

HERFORD. — Route from London, see Hamm ; thence bjr 

rail. 

A town of T^russian Germany, prov. Westphalia, on the little river Wcne 
(an affluent of the Weser), 16 m. S.W. ofMinden, and 126 m. W. of Magde* 
burg ; lat. 52° 7' N., Ion. S" 40' E. Pop. 10,800. It is on the line of railway 
between Hamm and Minden. 

1 lotel — Preussischer Hof. 

T. M. — 6s. 

HERMOPOLIS,— See SYRA. 

HERNE BAY.— Rail from London (Victoria Station), 
6.50,7.409, 10.10, and 10.30 a.m.; 12.30,1.5s, 2.5,3.15,4.30, 
5.15, and 9.35 p.m. Sundays, 8.35 and 9 a.m. ; 2 and 6.25 p.iD« 
Fares: 15s. ist cl, los. 6d. 2nd cl., 5s. 2d. 3rd cl. 



Our Ocean Higha^s, 



A town aod walering-place of EngUnd, co. Keni, 9 m. Itobi Canterbury, 
anil 65I m. S.E. London liy the 1- (.', and D. Ky., on which it is > slation. 
Steamboats run daily during the mswd to and from London Bridge. It occu> 
lne$ a healthy Ait on the north coast of Kent, and proenls a pleasing apptar- 
■ncc from the sea. On the parade, where Ike baths are situated, a a 
clock'tower, which fonns a conspicuous tuidnuuk. The accommodiitton is 
good and cheap as compared with Other watenne-plocei. 

Bank (I'desday and Snlucday) — London and County Bank, J. Uawary, 
Esq.. inang.i London coircspondcni, l.ri3ndon and County Hank, II, Lombain- 
ttreel, E.C. 

Hotel— The lirunswict. 

HERN OS AND.— Route from London, see Stockholraj 
thence by occasional steamer. 

A sea-port town of Sweilcn, on W, lide of Gulf of Bothnia, 230 m. N. of 
Stockholm, on an island which nearly adjoins the mainland ; lal. 61° 38' N., 
Ion. tS'o'E. Pop. 3,S(X>. It has considerable share in the timber trade. 

HERTFORD, — Rait from London (Bishopsgate Street 
Station), 7.55, g.30, 10.45, and ii.ao a.m. ; "■45. '-45- 3-45.an<J 
4.5 p.m. Sundays, 8.45, and 10.30 a.m. ; 6.10 and 9.20 p.m. 
Fares: 4s. gd. lit cl,, 3s. 41!- ^nd cl., 3S. ;(1. yA d, (Kings 
Cross), 8.5, 9.30, and 11. 10 a.m. ; 1.15, 3-So. 4-25. S-S. S^S. 
and 8.18 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a-m. ; 8 p.m. Fares as above. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Hertford, on river Lea, 26 m. from 
London by the Gt. E. Ry. Pop, 6,700. 

Members of Parliament— Cmn/f, Hon. H. F. Cowper (L), London resi- 
dence, 4, St. James's-square, S.W. ; Hennr K. Brand, Esq. (L), London resi- 
dence, 47, Hertford -street, May Fair ; Abel Smith, Esq. (C), London residence, 
35, Chcsham-plnce, .S.W. Boroagh, R. Dimsdale, Eiq. (C), London resi- 
dence, 10, King-street, St. James's, S.W. 

Bank — London and County Bank. J. W. Chcssyre, Esq., mang.j London 
correspondent, Lonilon anil County Bank, 21, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel— The Salisbury Arms. 

HILDESHEIM. —Route from London, see Cologne; 
thence by rail, via Cassel. 

A town of Prussian ticrmany, prov. Hanover, 17 m. S.E. of the town of 
Hanoitr, .iiid 144 m. \V. hy S, of Uerlm ; bt. 52" 10' N., Ion, 9° 57' E. 
Pop. 19,500. It is a place of great antiquity, and a former member of the 
Haiiiealic League. 

Hold-Wicncr Hof 

T. M,— 6v, 

HIOGO. — For steamers to Yokohama, see Tables ; thence by 

local sie.im line. 

A trjwn of Japan, Niphon, on the N. side of an eitensive bay called by its 
name (a ]>cirIion of the exlenMve sea which intervenes between the islands of 
Niphon ami Hikokf). 20 m. W. ot the town of Osaka ; lat. 34° 40' N., Ion. 135* 
t4 E. Pop. 40,000. It is one of the ports thrown open to commerce by Lord 
Elgin's treaty with the Japanese. Its anchorage has been rendered safe by the 




2IO Our Ocean Highways. 



erection of a breakwater at the expense of a larc;e sum of money and the 
sacrifice of numerous lives of the workmen. Thus improved, Hiogo has 
become the port of Osaka and Miako. The imports of British and K>reign 
goods during 1868, consisting of cotton and woollen manufactures, metals, 
anns, coal^ &c., amounted to $822,404 ; those from other open ports of Japan 
to more than $5,000,000. The exports, consisting of silk-worms' eggs, rice, 
tea, timber, tobacco, sea-weed, &c., amounted to $388,096 for England and 
other countries, and to §1,664,116 for open ports of Japan. 

Consul (Hritish) — Abel A. J. Cjower, Esq. 

Vice Consul ,, — A. A. Annesley, Esq. 

Consul (American) — T. Scott Stewart, Esq. 

liank — Ilong-kongand Shanghai Hanking Corjx, II. Smith, Esq., mang. 
London corrcsj)ondcnt, llong-kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, 37, 
!Nicholas-lanc. 

HJERTING. — Route from London, see Copenhagen ; thence 

by occasional steam and sailing commimi cation. 

A }>ort of Denmark, prov. Jutland, on an inlet of the W. coast, lat. 55* 31' 
N. km. J>' 20' \\. It has a sheltered roadstead, with good anchorage, and carries 

on sonic fishery of seals, tVc. 

Lloyd's Agent — Andreas Cornelius Hauustnip, Esq. 
T.M. 5^. 

HOBART TOWN.— For steamers, see Tables. 

Cap. of Tasmania, S.E. of the island, cm the r. bank of the Derwcnt, 20 m. 
above the sea ; lat. 42^ 54' S. Ion. 147" 28' E. Pop. 20,000. The town covers 
2 s]. m. <jf i;cnlly rising ground, backed by an amphitheatre of lofty and well- 
wooded hill--, conspicuous amongst which is Mount Wellington, 4,200 ft. 
There arc numerous handsome ])ul)lic etlifices. The harbour is excellent ; 
aloHf^ the water's edge is a spacious wharf, at which vessels of the largest 
bunien load or unload. Shortest sea route to liritish Channel, 12,130 m. ; 
shoiiest sailing voya<;e, 92 days. 

Hanks — Ikmk (;f Van Diemen's Land, Thos. Gibbin, Esq. mang. ; London 
corre>]M)ndent, London and Westminster Bank, 41, Lothbur)', E.C. Bank of 
Ausiialasia, I^. C. (>. Howard, Esq. mang. ; Lon. cor. Dank of Austrakbtia, 4, 
Threadneedle-street, K. C. 

Lloyd's Agent —William Crosby, Esq. 

HODEIDA. — Route from London, sec Suez; thence by 

local steam line, sec Tables. 

A ]H)rl of Arabia, prov. Yemen, on E. shore of Re<l Sea, 520 m. S.S.E. of 
Jiddah, and 104 m. N. by W. of Mocha ; lat. 14"' 46' N., lon. 42' 51' E. It 
has considerable and increasing trade, the commerce which Mocha once com- 
manded ha\in:; been wholly tran^ferre<l thither. 

HOKITIKA.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A port of New Zealand, S. Island, co. Wcstland, at the mouth of the river 
of same name ; lat. 42' 45' S., lon. 170" 59' E. it stretches about l| m. along 
the beach, and is chiefly composetl of weather-lx)arded houses with gal\'anized* 
iron roofs. In its princii)al street. Revel-street, are stores or shops of every 
kind. The toun is the chief place in the extensive gold-mining district of the 
W. coast. The diggings are mostly carrie<l on within lom. from the shore. 



Our Ocean Highways. 



Banks— Bank of New Zcalond (Branch), Wm. C. Roberts, Esq., mang.; 
iiTtspondent, Bank of New Zealand, 50, Old Bioad-slieet, E.C. 



B&nk of New South Wales, George rietham, Esq., mang. ; 
of New South Walei, 64, Old Broad-slroet, E.C. 

HOLMSUND.— Route from London, see Stockliolm; 
thence by occasional steam and sailing vessels. 

A Sntdish port, on W. tXAe ot Gulf of BothniiL, al the mouth of the river 
Umea, and near ihe town of tha.i name, 340 m. N. by K. of Stockholm ; kt. 
63° 40' N. Ion. 10° so' E. It has a good harbour, of eaay ucch to nhipi of 
1,000 Ions burthen, and U engaged in the timber tnijle. The port of Sandvik 
is doaely adjacent to Holmsund! 

T.M.— 7s. 

HOLYHEAD.— Rail from London (Euslon Square), 6.15, 
7.15, 9, and 11.15 ''■"'■ J 5< *-^5» ^""^ 9-'5 P*"- Sundays, 8.30 
a.m.i 8.25 and 9.15 p.m. Fare5:46s. lod- istcL, 35s. 4d. Jndcl,, 
31S. iid. 3rd cL (Paddington), 6, 8, and 10 a.m, ; 3.40 and 
fi.io p.m. Sundays, 9 a.m. Fares as above. I-'or Irisii mail trains, 
sec page hi. 

A sea-port of N. Wales, co. Anglesey, ^ituated on the N. E. side of Holy- 
liL-ad Kland, which adjoins the W. coast of the isle of Anglcsea, 3Z m. W. 
Bangor, O7 m. W. Liverpool, 244 m. N.W. London, and 264 m. liyN.W. 
Uy. ; lal. 53° 8' N., Ion. 4' 39' W. Top. 6.i<x>. Its imiiortanee dc- 
jvnds u\}an its position on the great mail route between England aitd 
Ireland. I'he distance from the station to the pier is about a mile, 
although Ihe rails are earrieii, for the convenience of the mails and 
through traffic for Ireland, to ihe lery end of the pier, near the side of the har- 
Wir, where the JJublin Company's mail steamers lie, which leave Holyhead 
Iwicc, and sometimes oflener, every day for Kingstown, doing the distance of 
63 m. in less than four hours, and thus reducing the time belneen London and 
] tublin to 1 1 hours by the mail train. The islam) and pier are connected ivilh 
the mainland of Anglesey by an iron bridge, across which the road and rail- 
w.iy atecirtitil. A I Ihe pier-head is a lighthouse, displaying a while light; 
« ithin the Ikiv is a eolo-sal lircakwalcr, running from Soldier's Boint, N. E. by 
E., then E..S'.E., ami then E.N.E. 

Bank— Nalioiiat I'rovinciat Bank of England, ICdwanl Hughes 1:^;., 
]"aiig.; Luiuhm curre-pon.lent, llie Naliotial I'roiincial Bank of El 1- land, 
112. Hish.i]>-g.ile-Mrevt.«itIiin. E.I.'. 

l.k.yd\ A!;«nt-K,.l.c.l Richaul Jones Esq. 

Hotel— Kiival. 

HOMBURG. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail 
siTviics, SL-o ]>,il;us Iv to Iwii, r/.i Dover, Calais, Lille, Brussels, 
Culogiic, ami Frankfort ; thence by local train. 

A town ul l'n..siai. Gtri.iany, prov. IIcs-en-Nassau, 9 m. N.N.W. Frank- 
fort .on -the -.Main. I'.ip. S.ooo, It is celebrated for ils mineral spring and 
kilhs, which altiacl la^t crowils from afar, durii^ the summer. 'I'he air is 
bracing, Ihcie alway.-; titing n ftesh turronl of air sireaming from the Taunus 
'I'lie K.ilcr.i arc leputcil to be efficacious in removing all disorders 




212 Our Ocean Ilighivays. 



of the intestines, the hver, and the gout. The * Kurhaus ' is a very fine one, 
and contains a variety of spacious and splendidly decorated rooins. There are a 
French theatre, Italian opera, casino, &c. 

Clert^man (Protestant) — Rev. C. B. Brigstock, B.A. 

Bank — Messrs. B. J. Goldschmidt, Louisen Strasse, No. 3li ; London 
correspondent, Messrs. Ilerries, Farquhar and Co. , i6, St. James*s-street, S.W. 
(Circular notes.) 

Hotels — De Russie ; Victoria. 

T. M.— 6s. 

HONDA. — For steamers, see Sta. Martha ; thence by local 
steamer, on the Magdalene. 

A port of United States of Columbia (or Granadian Confed.), S. America. 
within the state of Magdalcna, on the Caribbean Sea, N. W. coast of the penin- 
sula which adjoins the (iulf of Venezuela ; lat. 12" 20' N., Ion. 71° 51' \V. 

Bank — London Bank of Mexico and South America (Branch) ; London 
correspondent, London Bank of Mexico and South America, 144, Leadenhall- 
^irect, K.C. 

Lloyd's Agent — Messrs. Vengoechea Brothers. 

HONDURAS.— See BELIZE. 

HO NFL EUR. — Route from London by rail, fixed mail ser- 
vices, see pages Iv to Ixxii, via Dover, Calais, Amiens, and Rouen. 

A sea-port town of France, dep. Calvados, on the estuary of the Seine, 
nearly t)p])o^ite Havre, from which it is 6 m. S.E., and 30 m. N.E. Caen, on 
a branch line of the railway from Paris to Cherbourg ; lat. 49* 28' X., Ion. o' 
11' K. Po]). 9.900. It is ill-built, and its buildings are more notable for 
antiquity and oddity than elegance. Its port, enclosed between two jetties i^ 
(iiflicult of entrance and encumbered with mud, so as to be inaccessible except 
at hiL;h water. The inhabitants arc engaged in the herring, mackerel, and 
whiting fisheries, and numerous vessels sail annually from Honfleur for the cod, 
whale, and seal fisheries. Its export an<l import trade is considerable; butter, 
fruit, and eggs are sent in large quantities to England. Including Trou\'illc 
and Punt Audcmcr — the former a little watering-place lying 10 m. to the S.W., 
the latter on the river Rille, 14 m. to the E.S.K. — the total clearances and 
entries at the port of Hontleur, in 1S69, were 1,856 ships (sailing vessels and 
sleamt'is) with a tonnage of 295,797. Coals, in British .'ihips, constitute the 
largest article of import. 

Nice (.onsiil (Hrilish) — J. Wayne, Esq. 

Consular Agent (i\meriean) — C. Wagner, Esq. 

(■lcrg)'man (Protestant) — Rev. S. G. Gerrain, M.A. 

Bank.-.-J. Wayne, Esq.; I/Dudon correspondent, the National Bank, 13, 
Old Proad-street, E.C. (Circular notes.) Messrs. Blotiere ct Goupil. 

Huicl — r>e Russie. 

T. M. - 3s. 4(1. 

HONG-KONG.— For steamers, see Tables. 

A small island offS.E. coast of China, belonging to the English, to wh(Mn 
it was ceded by the treaty of 1841. It is situated at the mouth of the estuary 
that lea(i-> to Canton (which see), from which it is distant S.E. 75 m. ; and 



Otir Occati Highways. 



'from Macao 37 m. E. by N. ; lal. (of Victoria) 3J° 16' N., Ion. 114'9'E. 
Fop, Ij|,aoo. DLstonci; rrom London by F. anil O. route, lO.OCX) ni. On 
the N. side of the \^^sm\, suiil situaleit on a fine bay of ihc hame name, capable 
of accommodnling nny number of vtaiselE, it Victoria, the chief lawn of the 
hluul and [he centre of its commerce. A.* the Uland is a granite rock, with 
■orcely lufBcient Miil lo {^w veeclilblc!> for iU inhabitants, and not an article 
of export is produced on il. Ilone-konc u> onl]^ a de^t for the trade of the 
adjacent portK, and the bcail-qunncra of the DriliiJi mililory and naval forces 
in China and Japan. 

Postal— Letters to Hong-kong, x<iA UrindiiJ, by Brilldi packet, not eiceed- 
ingi 01. IS. 3d., I 01. IS. 6<1,, if CO.. Ti*. pd.j TC^r. fee 4(1,1 ncwiqinpera, 
4 01. 4d. ViA Southampton, not eiccedint; | ul ■■,, I ot. an. ; n^iilr. fee^il. j 
newspapers, 4 01. 3d. By French packet, not exceeding } ox. 1 1. 4d. , I m. 
as. 8d., 1(01. 4*-; regislr. fee 4d. 1 newspaper, 401, id. Vii United Slates, 
not Exceeding i ox. !>., t 01. 3s.j rmsir. fee 4d.; mewspapert, 4 0^ 2d. 
Money otdcD are Uitied, which ore available. 

Money— Silver coins : Spanish dollar —- 41. 41I,: lo-ccnl piece ^ 5d.; a 
lael - 6s. Sd.; the tael has t,(»o cadi ; 16 loels nuike a catty . The cop|>er 



e the cent = (d. ; and the msh ^Ajd. 
~ " ■ e of Enetand and Chii 
Consul (American) — David rl. Bailey, Esq. 



Wcighls— Both those of Enetand and China ai 



Banks— Oticw^l Ibiit ( nrjioration : London corrtJipondcn I, the Otietital 
Bank Cor{><i.iii-<i'. .1.'.' M.-lI^i., Thread needle-street, t-C National Bank 
of India, Cli.irli;', Smith Sheiwool, Esq,, mang. ; Lon. cor.. National Bank of 
Inilia, 80, KingWilliam-Mrcct, E.C. 

l.loyd\ Agiiil— Mcsrv {;ilman and Co. 

T- M.-I>.i- Kiidila (Hhich ■;«), £1 us. W. 

HONITON.— Rail frotn London (Waterloo Station), 6.45, 
10.50 and II. 4oa.in.; 4p.m. Sundays, 10.153.01. Fares: jis. 33, 
1st cl, zjs. 8d. 2nd, tl., I as. 10 Jd. 3rd cl. 

A town of England, to. Devon, near I, liank of river Ollcr, 8 m. X. by E. 
..f.^iidmoHlh, II m. S.E. ofCollum|rton, aiwi 16 m. E.X.E. of Exeter, f'op. 
3,300. I( is ast,ilion on the Veovil and Exeter branch of the l„ ami S. W. 
ky., and i^ only notable for the fine lace otensively manufacturLil hcTc. 

Bank— Xaliona! Provincial Hank of England. W. iJ. Barker, I';s4.. many. ; 
I.onilon correspondent, the National Provincial Bank of England, 112, iti.-.hojis- 

Motcl -The Dolphin. 

HONOLULU. — For steamers, see San Francisco ; thence 
by Pacific 'l'rans]>ortation Co.'s Steam line, see Tables. 

The princijial -ta-port of the Sandwich Islands, S. side of I. Oahii ; lal. 
21° 18' 13" N., Ion. 157- 55' o" W. Top. 7,000. It is alioul tm. long, and 

irregular allcj-s. The mouth of the harliour is formed by an inlet through a 
coral reef ; it has a Iwr, « ilh only 20 ft. water on it at ebb, 

HOPE TOWN.— For steamers, see Algoa Bay ; thence by 

local conveyance. 

All inland town of S. Africa {Cape Colony), near 1. bank of the Xu Gariq), 




2 14 ^^^^ OcidJi I/ig/nvays, 



or (Irnni^r river, 315 m. X. l)y \V. of Port Kli/ahctli (Alg^a FJay), 450 in. 
N.K. i)t (.'.ipi- I'own, .lU'l 3S5 111. \V. l)y N. of Ihirban, Natal ; lat. 29" 30' S., 
Ion. 24 3S' 1'.. It has hccoinc nota])lc within a recent ilalc in connection with 
the .iiljiu-i.-nt (lianiDMil fields : tht-^e hitler eNtcnd o\cr both hanks of the Vaal, 
or K y ( 'i.uiciJ '^^ ^''"' ^^ '^''■"'' j*'i'i"^ l'^^' ^' ^^ ^ Jariep al«)iit 30 ni. below I lope Town^ 
and cover .1 larj^e area to the north-eastward of that place. 

HORSHAM.- Rail from T.ondon (Victoria Station), 5.45, 
7.45, 9 50, and 1 1.40 a.m. ; 2, 2.55, 4.55, and 6.50 p.m. Sundays, 
6.50 and 8.50 a.m.; 6.20 ]).m. l^'ares : 7s. 5d. ist cl., 5s. 9d. 
2nd cl., 3s. id. 3rd cl. 

A tov/n and pail. bor. of Knpjland, co. Sussex, within the valley of the river 
Ariin, 37 m. from L<jndon by L. 15. and S. C). Ky. Pop. 6,700. 

MenilK-r of Parliament —Robert II. IIur<t, I"'.sf}. (L), London residence, 
(loldsniilli's-biiildin^vi, Tenijile, K.t.'. 

IJank London and ('<ninly Hank, Henry Home, Ksq., niani^. ; London 
correspontleiit, London and County JJank, 21, J.oni])aixl-?>treet, K.C. 

Hotel -Tile Kin^^'s Head. 

HUACHO. — For steamers, see Tables. 

.\ port of Peru, S. .\inerica, 70 m. X. X.W. Callao : lat. ir'8'S., Ion. 
77 34' ^^ • 1 here i> a j^ooil anchor.a«^e in 5 fathoms. AlH)ut I m. from the 
coasj. is a small town of the >ame name, at which provisions can l)e obtained at 
a modciaie }Mie«-. Two minor ports, Supe ami Huarme, the latter 1 5S m. 
X.N.W. Lima, lie X. of Huacho. 

HUANCHACO.- For steamers, .see Tables. 

A port of I\:ru, S. America ; lat. S' 5' S., Ion. 79' 10' W. To the N. lie 

the two minor ]'orl-, Malal'ri>^<» and Paeasinajo. 

HUARME. See HUACHO. 
HUASCO. — For steamers, see 'lables. 

.V port of (. hili, S. .Xineriea, 1 10 ni. X. C'oipiinibo ; lat. 28" iS'S., Ion. 71' 
I \\'., at the niouth of the river Huasco, anil has a small harl>our. Pop. 7,000. 
It deri\es its chief impoitance from the silver mines in its neighlx>iirhoo<.l, large 
(juantiiit.- of ih.it mel.il bein^ exported fr«.>m it. The raisins of HuasL'O are 
C'lual, if r.'>*. -uperior, to the t'lne^l sultanas founcl in the Kiiropean market. 

N'ice (. •■ruul (I)iitish) — Ale\. Law Roberts, V.^i\. 

HUDDERSFIELD.— Rail from T.ondon (King's Cross), 
7..^o and 10 a.m. ; 12 noon ; 2.45, and 5 p.m. Sunilays, 5 j).m. 
(Huston S(piare), 6.15, 7.30, 7.40,9, 10, 11, and 12 a.m. ; 3 p.m. 
Simdays. S.30 and 10 a.m. (St. Pancras), 6.15, 8, 10, and 11.45 
a.m.; 3 and 8.35 i).m. Sundays, none. Fares^, by all lines: 32s. 
1st cl., 24s. 2n(l cl., 15s. 3d. 3nl cl. 

A town an<l pail. bor. i»f I'.nj^land, co. \'ork, X. ridinj^, on the river Colnc 
(an atlliienl of the (alder), at the junction of ihe tributary >tream of the Holme. 
15 m. S. \V. Lced^. and loom. iVoin I.ond.on by (It, X. Ry. Pt)p. 34,Soo. It 
lie-' on the slnpeof ;iM eminence ri-ini; horn the river, and is »«iirroinKlcii by 



Our Ocean Higktoays. 



•a hd!, the 

phtlosophical hati, and Trinity Chucch, are the chief noticeable stniclureti. 
About \ m. from the (own is a Bulphureous spa, over which beautiful rooms 
have been built, HuddersReld is one of the priacipol seats of woollen numu- 
&clure. It has ample Eap|ilies of coal and water, and cheap means of transit, 
A canal, which forms a navigable connecliDn with the Calder, comncncci* ut 
King's Mill, cIoM to Huddersfield, and, rannincN.E. for 410., joins the Calder 
Bt Cooper's Bridce, from which point there n communication with the Humber 
cMunry. In another direction, to the S.W. of (he town, IheHuddenficId canal, 
2(> m. long, traverses the dividing ridge, through the filanedge tunnel, anil 
connects tbe town with the ports and towns of iXncashite. 

Member of Parliament — Edwanl A. Lealham, Esq. (L), London rewdence, 
46, Eaton-square, S.W. 

Banli — Halifax and Hutldersfield Union Bank, Edward Sike^ Esq., nang.; 
London correspondent, Mesi^rs. <i1yn. Mills, Carrie and Co., 67, Lombard- 
«reel, E.C. 

Hotel — The George. 

HUDIKSVALL,— Route from London, see Stockholm ; 

tlience by occasional steam and sailing communication. 

a-porl'jf Swct.tcn, on W. side r.iilf of Bothnia, 170 ni. N. by W. of 
'" "' " ' --■■--■•- ■■ [, shires in the timber 

HULL.orKINGSTON-ON-HULL.— Rail from London 

(Kitig's Cross), viii New Holland, 7.40 and 9 a,m. ; i.ij and 
2.45 i).m. Sundays, 7.30 a.m. — ?viJ Milford (June), 7.40, 9, 10 
and II a.ni. ; 1.15, 2,45, 5.25 and 9.15 p.m. Sundays, 7.30 a.m. 
and 8.35 p.m. (St. Pancras), 6.15, 8, 10, and 11.45 am.; 3, 5, 
and S.35 p.m. Fares, by all lines : 30s. 6d. ist cl., 23s. ind cl., 
14s. 3rd cl. For steamers, see Tables. 

A stn-iiort town aiul pari. bor. of England, co. York, on the N. bank of 
the IJumbci enluary, 34 m. S.K. of York, and 173I m. from London by Ct. 
N. ky. ; lat. ofciln<lel53°44'N'., Ion. o"io' W. I'op. (in 1871} 118,130. The 
princijuii sireels of Ihe town extend more than 2 xa. along the Humber \ the 
old streets are narrow, but many recently laid out are wide, and contain hand- 
some residences. liesides the churches, the mansion house, exchange, guildhall, 
corn cxchan(;e. Trinity house, gaol, theatre, and citadel, are the principal 
buildings. There are numerous endowed charities, hospitals, free schools, &c. 
The jHjrt uf Hull lias extensive accommodation for shipping ; the dock» are 
four ni number, incluiting one of recent construction — the Albert Dock. The 
gre.it .trtictcs of export arc cotton stuffs and twists, woollen goods, hardware, 
an<l carthi-iinare. Uf imports, the leading articles are wool, bones, liml>cr, 
hemp, and flax, com .liul seeds, madder, bark, turpentine, and skins. I'hc 
value of the exports amounts to aboul^l5,ooo,ooo annually. 8,181 vessels of 
2,297.629 tons burden entered and cleared the port in 1869. 

Mcinlicrs of I'arliamenl — Charles M. Norwood, Esq. (L), London residence, 
45, ICaton-place, S.W.; James Clay, Esq. (L), London residence, 25, Montagu- 
Consular Agent (American) — H. J. Atkinson, Esq, 




2i6 Our Ocean Highways. 



Banks — Bank of England (Branch); London correspondent. Bank of 
England. Messrs. Peases, Hoare and Pease, (Old Bank) ; Lon. cor., 
Messrs. Glyn, Mills, Currie and Co., 67, Ix)mbard-street, E.C. Union Bank 
of Kingfilon-upon-HulI ; Lon. cor. the Union Bank, 2, Princes-street, E.C. 
Messrs. Smith, Brothers and Co. ; Lon. cor. Messrs. Smith, Pavne and Smith, 
I, I^mbard -street, K.C. Hull Banking Company, Oeorge Cobb, Esq., mang.; 
Lon. cor., Messrs. Barclay, l^van and Co., 54, Loml)ard-street, E.C. 

IJoyd's Agent — Messrs. Williams, Brown, Atkinson and Co. 

Hotel— The Royal. 

HUNTINGDON.— Rail from London (King's Cross), 
6.30, 7.40, 8.5, and 1 1. 10 a.m. ; 12 noon: 1. 15, 4.25, and 8.18 p.m. 
Sundays, 7.30a.m.; 8 p.m. Fares: los. 6d. ist cl., 8s. 2nd cl., 
4s. lojd., 3rd cl. (Bishopsgate), 7.55 and 11.20 a.m. ; 4.5 and 
5 p.m. Sundays, none. Fares : los. 6d. ist cl., 8s. 2nd cl., 

4s. io|d. 3rd d. 

A town and pari. bor. of England, co. Huntingdon, on the river Oose, 
582 m. from London by Gt. N. Ry. Pop. of pari. bor. 6,250 ; of town, 3,80a 

Members of Parliament — Couuty, Edward Fcllowes, Esq. (C), London 
residence, 3, Belgrave-square, S.W. Rt. Hon. Lord R. Montagu (C), 
London addrcs*^, Carlton Club, S.W. Borough ^ Thomas Baring, Esq. (C), 
London residence, 41, Upper (irosvenor-strcet, W. 

Bank — London and County Bank, J. Parlett, Esq., mang. ; London cor- 
rc^])on(lent, London and County Bank, 21, Lombard-street, E.C. 

Hotel — The (ieorge. 

HURDWAR. — For steamers, see Calcutta ; thence by E. I. 

Ry. to Saharunpore, 1,119 ^^' \ thence by dak. 

A town of Hrit. India, X.W. provinces, on the Ganges 35 ™' E* Sahaninporc, 
a station on the East Indian Ry. ; lat. 29" 58' X., lon 78" 13' E. Pop. 5,O0Q^ 
but at tlie annual i)ilLjrimage and fair held here, a quarter of a miUion 
persons assemble from all j^arts of India. Elephants, horses, camels, cattle, 
sliawls, fruits, drugs, &c., are brought for sale in large quantities. Every 
twelfth year the pilgrimage to Hurdwar reaches the number of a million or 
more, tlie crowding not unfreciuenlly generating disastrous epidemics. 

T. M.— 57s. 

HUSUM. — Route from London, see Stockholm ; thence by 

occasional steam and sailing communication. 

A ])ort ofSweden, on W. side of Gulf of Bothnia, situated at mouth of river 
(lidea, 2S5 ;m. N. of Si(;ckholm, and about half-way between Hemosand and 
Umea ; lat. 03' 17' N., Ion. 1 9' 28' K. It has a good and safe harbour for 
ships of 1,000 tons ; a i>ilot is taken at Skags Udde, and ships clear in at 
llusiun, clearing outwards at the custt)m house at Ornskoldwik. 

T.M.— 6>. 

HYDERABAD. — For steamers, see Kurrachee; thence by 

Sindc Ry. 

A town and fortress of British India (Bombay pres.), prov. Sinde, of which 
it i^ ihe cap., 4S m. N.E. Tatta ; lat. 25** 22' N. lon. 68''4rE. Pop. 45,00a 
It has a station on the Sinde Ry. ; and this, and a well-organized system of 



Our Ocean Highways. 



^team nnvigaiion un the Indus, extending over n length of 570 m., give con- 
»kleTat>!c importance lo the (own. 
T.M.-57S. 

HYDERABAD. — For steamers, see Bombay; thence I'/ii 
Gt. India Peninsula Ry. lo Sholapore, 181 m. ; thence by dak. 

A ciiy of ihe Dcccan, India, cap, of the Nuain'i dominions, on the Mussi 
(anaffluenlof Ihe Kifttnah), 370 m, S.E. Bombay. 197 m. W.N.W. Masnli- 
patom, 170 m. S.E. Aumngnlwil, uid 190 m. W.S.W. Bejapore; lal. 17° 30' N,, 
Ion. 78" 33' E. Pop. 200,000. The lown is about 4 m. in length by 3 in 
breadth, .ind surrounded by a stone ^valI, A large bridge cmsses the Mutsi. 
The chief buildings ore the palace and nameroos mosques. 

Bank— Bank of B